VA is a set of activities and strategies aimed to
meet the immediate and long-term needs of
mine/ERW victims, their families, and mine-
VA interventions do not discriminate in terms of
cause of disability. VA is in fact a window of
opportunity to develop, support, streamline and
improve services and programs for mine/ERW
victims and PWDs.
An individual who has been
injured or killed by a mine/ERW
explosion, and also his/her family
who suffers emotional, social and
financial loss and the
communities that lose access to
land and other resources due to
the presence of mines/ERW.
An individual who has been
directly injured by a landmine or
an explosive remnant or war
(ERW) explosion and has
survived the accident.
AP Mine Ban Convention
“Each State Party in a position to do so
shall provide assistance for the care and
rehabilitation, and social and economic
reintegration, of mine victims…”
Areas of intervention Details (type of activities)
Development of an emergency response system (including
transport for rapid referrals, etc.); supply of materials and
Emergency Medical Care consumables, training of heath and community workers on
first aid, etc.
Continuous Medical Care Surgery and general medical care.
Physiotherapy; occupational therapy; production and
Physical Rehabilitation, Prostheses and distribution of prostheses (pre and post prosthetic care) ,
Assistive Devices orthotics, crutches, wheelchairs, tricycles, etc.
Individual and group counseling; peer counseling/support;
Psychosocial Support mental health – trauma care.
IGAs; individualized or small group micro-enterprise or micro-
credit; craft production; training (groups, on-job training, B&A
Employment and Economic Integration and training, academic education, etc.); job placement – job
Education (including capacity building of local development, etc.
organizations or groups of PWDs – mine/ERW
Deliberation of policies to safeguard the rights of PWDs and
mine/ERW victims; dissemination of information (laws,
policies, etc.) on mine/ERW victims and PWDs’ rights; positive
action towards inclusion of mine/ERW victims & PWDs;
Advocacy, Legislation and Public Awareness awareness on disability; awareness on mine related issues
(focused on VA).
Surveillance systems; data collection; needs assessment
Data Collection, Surveys and Needs (qualitative and quantitative information); IMSMA data base.
VA - Sudan
Area: 2,505,810 sq km
Population: 39,379,358 (July 2007 est.)
A total of 4,064 mine/ERW victims have been
identified and registered.
(IMSMA - UNMAO, Feb. 2008).
of the identified 4,064 cases
Mine/ERW Victims - Sudan
158 173 175 176
120 125 131 126 116
1 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 4 5 9
Victims divided by age group
Total of 4,064
Over 45 Children
Victims by Gender
Total of 4,064
Achievements in 2007
5 years National VA Strategic Framework developed and
approved by Mine Action Authority (July 2007).
2 years National VA Work Plan developed (September
VA Needs Assessment carried out in the areas of Wau
and Juba (May – August 2007).
2 National Workshops organized (Juba – March ’07;
Khartoum August ’07).
11 VA related projects funded in mine/ERW affected areas
of Sudan (UNDP – HSTF project)
2 VA coordination groups well established and chaired by
NB: most of VA activities are funded by the Gov. of Japan through
the Human Security Trust Fund Project.
Main steps followed to develop the national
VA Strategic Framework and Work Plan
1. Inform/sensitise authorities at central and local levels on mine
action – VA related issues.
2. Situation analysis for each VA sector of intervention.
3. Create a task force (including relevant government bodies) to
formulate the objectives and to oversee the development of the
drafts. A number of documents and guidelines have been taken
into consideration (e.g. CRPD).
4. Presentation of the draft documents to a wide forum of authorities,
partners and other concerned parties.
5. Incorporate additional inputs in the final drafts.
6. Finalisation of the documents and translation into Arabic
7. Submission of the documents (English and Arabic versions) to the
Gov. for final approval.
8. Advocacy for the inclusion of the National VA plans into the
financial and work plans of relevant government bodies.
9. Resource mobilization.
National Strategic Framework VA
(2007 – 2011)
The SFVA is designed to achieve six strategic
1. To improve the Information Management System.
2. To ensure Medical and Physical Rehabilitation Assistance.
3. To develop programs for Social Reintegration and
4. To strengthen programs for Advocacy and Policy.
5. To mobilize adequate resources.
6. To streamline coordination mechanisms at national and
VA National Work Plan
(Sept. ’07 – Aug ’09)
The National VA Work Plan constitutes a detailed
extension of the VA National Strategic Framework.
The six strategic objectives of the National VA
Strategic Framework provided the groundwork for
discussion and brainstorming which lead to the
formulation of the work plan. In addition some of the
objectives identified by the National VA Strategic
Framework have been revised and streamlined into a
new plan of action.
VA Needs Assessment (May – Aug ’07)
A VA needs assessment was carried out in the areas of Wau
and Juba (South Sudan). The organization of the assessment
included several phases:
gathering of existing information;
partial revision of data collection tools;
selection of the NGOs in charge of collecting the data;
selection and training of the data collectors;
data entry and analysis.
Results: a total of 1,548 cases were identified.
Out of 1,548, 933 are survivors.
Out of of 933, 667 mine/ERW survivors acquired a permanent form of
disability due to the accident.
The persons interviewed were asked to indicate (out of a number
of options proposed) their needs. Below is a list organized in
order of importance:
1. Basic Education (for the victims and their children).
2. Employment and economical empowerment (IGAs, vocational
3. Medical Support (for victims and their family members).
4. Physical Rehabilitation and provision of mobility aids.
5. Psychological support.
HSTF – project, UNDP component:
6 projects in the northern areas and 5 in the southern areas of Sudan
for a total of 648 direct beneficiaries (mine/ERW victims and PWDs).
Most of the projects address the social reintegration and economical
empowerment of mine/ERW victims and PWDs.
- Sponsorship of 2 Technicians to attend a one-year course on Wheelchair
Technology (TATCOT, Tanzania).
- Scaling-up and upgrading of the production of mobility aids in Juba
Orthopedic Center (NAD).
- Production of a VA specialized newsletter.
2 VA working groups:
- Khartoum: chaired by the National Mine Action Center.
- Juba: chaired by the Ministry of Social Welfare
Members of the groups are
national NGOs, DPOs,
international NGOs, ICRC,
relevant government bodies,
mine/ERW survivors, etc.
VA must be seen as concrete set of actions and
VA should be understood in its broader contexts (e.g.:
human rights, disability, etc.).
VA is a set of long term interventions. An inter-ministerial
process and the direct involvement of the Gov. are
paramount (e.g. transition plans, etc.).
It is very important to ensure the effective integration of
mine/ERW victims and other PWDs in the design,
implementation and monitoring of VA related activities on
an ongoing basis.
Funds is an issue…
Thank you for your kind attention!
For further information on the VA program in Sudan:
Photos by Mr. Giovanni Diffidenti