Topics Why e-Government Why e-Government Why XML Why

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                                                            α A manifesto for e-Government
                                                            α The e-GIF and syntactic
              e-Government in the UK                        α Semantic interoperability
                                                            α Process interoperability
                            Paul Spencer
                XML adviser to the Office of the e-Envoy    α The physical infrastructure
                                                            α The future


                              Why e-Government?                                         Why e-Government?

α Improve services                                          α Improve services
                                                                  α accessibility
                                                                  α accuracy
                                                                  α consistency
                                                                  α data mining
α Reduce costs                                              α Reduce costs
                                                                  α data entry
                                                                  α fraud                         

                                                 Why XML?                                       Why XML?

α Government has requirements for:                          α Simple
      α publishing in a variety of media
                                                            α Standardised
      α transferring data between systems
      α providing and requesting services                   α Open
α Many technologies can achieve one of                      α Good market support
  these, but only XML addresses all three                   α Scalable
α XML avoids the need to replace
                                                            α Internet based
  existing, working systems
α XML simplifies eventual system                            α Allows existing systems to inter-
  replacement                                                 communicate                         
                                           XML and Data Entry                                                                        XML and Fraud

                                                                                               α XML identities and signatures
                                                                                                 make it hard to
                                                                                                     α deny sending a document to
                                                                                                     α alter a document after it has been
                                                                                                     α claim a document has been altered
                                                                                                     α pretend to be a Government web site                                                            

                                                                                                                                e-GIF and Syntactic
                                      A Hierarchy of Needs
                                                                                               α Part 1
                                                                                                     α high level policy statements
                            XML                                      Govt. process standards
                            XML Schema                               SOAP, WSDL, UDDI

      all the messy
          bits like            syntactic           semantic                process
                                                                                                     α compliance etc.
                                                                                                     α annual review (currently v4)
    communications          interoperability    interoperability       interoperability

                                                                                                     α "adoption of XML as the primary
                                               Govt. data standards
      TCP/IP etc                               Govt. metadata standards                                standard for data integration and
                                               Govt. information architecture
                                               Dublin Core / MIReG                                     presentation tools for all public sector

                                           e-GIF and Syntactic
                                                                                                                           Semantic Interoperability
α Part 2                                                                                       α High Level Information Architecture
      α technical policies and specifications                                                  α Data Standards Catalogue
                                                                                               α Core XML schemas
             α interconnection
             α data integration                                                                α Government Metadata Standard
             α metadata                                                                        α Local metadata standards (profiles)
             α information access
      α channel specific recommendations
      α XML-based languages for business
                                    Process Interoperability                                                                                                   XML Core Standards

    α business patterns                                                                                      α XML
                                                                                                                     α allows tagging of data
    α technology patterns
                                                                                                             α Namespaces in XML
    α use of SOAP, WSDL, UDDI                                                                                        α allows control over the uniqueness of tag
    α common infrastructure for security
                                                                                                             α XML Schema
      etc.                                                                                                           α allows XML languages and document
                                                                                                                       structures to be defined
                                                                                                             α XSL / XSLT
                                                                                                                     α allows XML to be displayed in multiple

                            UK Government Standards                                                                               Other Important Standards

    α e-GIF                                                                                           α SOAP, WSDL, UDDI
         α defines the standards used for interoperability                                                   α allow the definition and discovery of XML web services
    α e-GMS                                                                                           α XForms
         α defines metadata for documents and system resources                                               α provides a mechanism for data collection from
    α e-SDF                                                                                                    heterogeneous platforms
         α defines a model for service development                                                    α XML Signature
    α Data Standards Catalogue                                                                               α provides non-repudiation and a mechanism for
                                                                                                               ensuring documents have not been altered after
         α defines common business data models                                                                 transmission
    α Government Category List                                                                        α XML is also an essential part of:
         α defines standard subject groupings                                                                α      Metadata standards
    α Schema guidelines                                                                                      α      Knowledge Management standards
         α defines a style for Government schemas                                                            α      Records Management standards
                                                                                                             α      Standards for Terminologies and Classifications                                                                

                               UK Physical C2G and B2G                                                               Use of XML in the UK C2G and
                                          Infrastructure                                                                        B2G Infrastructure

                                                                                    interactive         Signing with XML
                                                                                                                                                    described in XML
                                                                                                                                                   with XML-metadata
information and knowledge                                                                                                                            & rendered with
interactive service
highly personalised                             UK Online
                             UK Online                                 other                               Browser
                                                 citizen            public sector
                                for              portal                                   private                           Forms defined in
                                                                                                                                                             XML (defined by
                              business                                portals                                                                                an XML schema)
         local                                                                            sector                               XForms &                                                                            Public Sector Organisation
                                                                                                                             rendered with
       authority                                                                          portals                                XSLT                                                Internet
                            security                                                                                                    Private or public sector
                                              Government Gateway                                                                              web server
                            business logic                                    transactional                 Voice Gateway                                                                        Gateway has
                            joined-up government                                                                                                                   XML (defined by
                                                                                                                                                                                                SOAP interface
                                                                                                                                                                                                to the Internet
                                                                                                                                                                   an XML schema)

                                                                                                                                     Commercial Software                                                          Government Gateway
                                                                                     NHS and others
                local authorities          Government departments                                                                
                                The Future                                          Summary

α better and more accessible
      α schema registry / repository
                                                             The UK Government is going
      α improvements to UK GovTalkTM web site
      α use of metadata for index and search
                                                             for XML in a big way - and it
                                                                  will only get bigger
α more access channels
α move to a web services architecture
α make the Government just another
  provider of services             

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