Footnoting with MLA

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					Footnoting with MLA

   In your text, place a superscript number at
    the end of the sentence containing the
    material you have referred to or quoted, like
   Create footnotes in Word:

 A footnote should consist of the
 author’s name, the title (the place of
 publication, the name of the publisher,
 the year the document was published)
 and a page reference.
A book by a single author

      1  Francis Fukuyama, Our
 Posthuman Future: Consequences of
 the Biotechnology Revolution (New
 York: Farrar, 2002) 32.
An anthology or a compilation

    2  Susan Ostrov Weisser, ed.,
 Women and Romance: A Reader (New
 York: New York UP, 2001).
A book by two or more

    3 James W. Marquart, Sheldon
 Ekland Olson, and Jonathan R.
 Sorensen, The Rope, the Chair, and the
 Needle: Capital Punishment in Texas,
 1923-1990 (Austin: U of Texas, 1994)
A book by a corporate author

    4 Public Agenda Foundation, The
 Health Care Crisis: Containing Costs,
 Expanding Coverage (New York:
 McGraw, 1992) 69.
A work in an anthology

      5 Isabel Allende, “Toad’s Mouth,”
 trans. Margaret Sayers Peden, A
 Hammock beneath the Mangoes:
 Stories from Latin America, ed. Thomas
 Colchie (New York: Plume, 1992) 83.
An article in a reference book

        “Mandarin,” The Encyclopedia
  Americana, 1994 ed.
A Multivolume Work

       13 Paul Lauter et al., eds., The
 Health Anthology of American
 Literature, 4th ed., vol. 2 (Boston:
 Hougthon, 2002).
A government publication

      21 United Nations, Centre on
 Transnational Corporations, Foreign
 Direct Investment, the Service Sector,
 and International Banking (New York:
 United Nations, 1987) 4-6.
The published proceedings of
a conference

      22  Steve S. Chang, Lily Liaw, and
 Josef Ruppenhofer. Eds., Proceedings
 of the Twenty-Fifth Annual Meeting of
 the Berkeley Linguistics Society,
 February 12-15, 1999: General Session
 and Parasession on Loan Word
 Phenomena (Berkeley: Berkeley
 Linguistics Soc., 2000).
An article in a scholarly journal

       3Marisa Lajolo, “The Female
 Reader on Trial,” Brasil 14 (1995): 75-
An article in a newspaper

        5  Kenneth Chang, “The Melting
 (Freezing) of Antarctica,” New York
 Times 2 Apr. 2002, late ed.: F1.
An article in an magazine

      8  Annie Murphy Paul, “Self-Help:
 Shattering the Myths,” Psychology
 Today Mar.-Apr. 2001: 60.
A review

         9 John Updike, “No Brakes,”
 rev. of Sinclair Lewis: Rebel from Main
 Street, by Richard Lingeman, New
 Yorker 4. Feb. 2002: 77-78.
A document from an Internet

       1  “Selected Seventeenth-Century
 Events,” Romantic Chronology, ed.
 Laura Mandell and Alan Liu, 1999, U of
 California, Santa Barbara, 22 June 2002
An entire Internet site

       2 Romantic Chronology, ed.
Laura Mandell and Alan Liu, 1999, U of
California, Santa Barbara, 22 June 2002
An article in an online

       3 Gabrielle Dane, “Reading
 Ophelia’s Madness,” Exemplaria 10.2
 (1998), 22 June 2002

   Ibid.: When a footnote refers to
    exactly the same source as the
    footnote immediately preceding it,
    Ibid. is used. It means that the
    footnote refers to the same page of
    the same book by the same author
   When ibid is followed by a page
    number, it means that the reference is
    still to the same book by the same
    author, but on another page
   If the footnote refers to a different
    page of the same author referred to
    earlier in the text, you should put down
    the author’s name and the page
    number(s) instead of ibid

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