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Do Now Write on your notes page: When you think of a psychologist, what mental images immediately appear? What do Psychologists do? About 2/3 of psychologists are clinical psychologists and are interested in helping people with behavioral problems. Not just one-on-one work with clients, also work in hospitals, clinics, schools, prisons, etc. Often confused with psychiatrists. Difference – psychiatrists are medical doctors who can prescribe drugs and give physical exams. Most are trained in a narrow therapeutic orientation, typically psychoanalysis. What do Psychologists do? (cont’d.) The remaining 1/3 fit the general label of experimental psychologist. Study human behavior from a scientific perspective. Often work and teach at universities. Also work in research institutes for the government and are increasingly finding employment in other industries. Psychology Foundations Terms and Theories Critical Terms for Studying Psychology Psychology – the scientific study of behavior that is tested through scientific research. Psychology can be broken up into 2 main categories: Physiological – dealing with the organism’s physical processes. Examples: Cognitive – dealing with an organism’s thinking and understanding. Examples: Psychologists will seek to influence behavior in one of two ways: Basic Science – Research, trying to learn new things about behavior. Examples: Applied Science – Using what we already know to solve problems. Examples: An Example of Basic Science and Applied Science Interacting: Scientist A uses scientific research to discover that babies raised in institutions such as orphanages may become seriously delayed in their development (emotionally, physically, intellectually). Basic or Applied? Basic An Example of Basic Science and Applied Science Interacting: A scientists uses the findings of Scientist A to counsel administrators in an orphanage. He arranges for more visual stimulation in the rooms and develops ways to give the babies more social interaction. Basic or Applied? Applied Reflection Write a paragraph on why is it important that both basic and applied science are consistently practiced by psychologists?
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