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Folk Culture vs._ Pop Culture

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    Folk Culture vs.
    Pop Culture
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    Folk Culture

     What   does the      People
        word “folk”
        mean?



       How would
        you define folk    The practice of a particular custom
        culture?           of a relatively small group of people
                           that increases the group’s
                           uniqueness
Folk Culture

                Practiced by a
                relatively small
                group of people
                in a focused
                area(s).
Folk Culture

                Passeddown from
                generation to
                generation.




                Remains unchanged
                over time.
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    Folk Culture

         material and non-material culture as it
     Uses
     appeared when it was created.
     Folklore – Stories passed down from
     generation to generation
      Fairy tales
      Greek Mythology
      Epics
      Fables
      Songs
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    Fairy tales

       A fairy tale is a fictional story that may feature folkloric
        characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants,
        gnomes, and talking animals, and usually
        enchantments, often involving a far-fetched sequence
        of events. In modern-day parlance, the term is also used
        to describe something blessed with princesses, as in
        "fairy tale ending" (a happy ending)[1] or "fairy tale
        romance", though not all fairy tales end happily.
        Colloquially, a "fairy tale" or "fairy story" can also
        mean any far-fetched story. Fairy tales commonly
        attract young children since they easily understand the
        archetypal characters in the story.


       Wikipedia
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    Fairy tales

       Ali Baba & the 40 Thieves      Arabic

       Cinderella                     Greek

       Hansel and Gretel              German

       The Little Mermaid             Danish

       Peter Pan                      English

       Pinocchio                      Italy

       Sleeping Beauty                France
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    Greek Mythology

       Greek mythology is the body of myths and legends
        belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their
        gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the
        origins and significance of their own cult and ritual
        practices. They were a part of religion in ancient
        Greece. Modern scholars refer to the myths and
        study them in an attempt to throw light on the
        religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece,
        on the Ancient Greek civilization, and to gain
        understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.[1]


       Wikipedia
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    Greek Mythology

     Greek    mythology is embodied explicitly in a
        large collection of narratives and implicitly in
        representational arts, such as vase-paintings
        and votive gifts. Greek myth explains the
        origins of the world and details the lives and
        adventures of a wide variety of gods,
        goddesses, heroes, heroines, and other
        mythological creatures. These accounts initially
        were disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition;
        today the Greek myths are known primarily
        from Greek literature.


       Wikipedia
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    Epic Poem

     An epic (from Greek: έπος or επικό "word, story,
     poem"[1]) is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily
     concerning a serious subject containing details of
     heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or
     nation.[2] Oral poetry may qualify as an epic, and
     Albert Lord and Milman Parry have argued that
     classical epics were fundamentally an oral poetic
     form. Nonetheless, epics have been written down
     at least since Homer, and the works of Vyasa, Virgil,
     Dante Alighieri and John Milton would be unlikely
     to have survived without being written down. The
     first epics are known as primary, or original, epics.
     Epics that attempt to imitate these like Virgil's
     Aeneid and Milton's Paradise Lost are known as
     literary, or secondary, epics.
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    Epics
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    Fables

       A fable is a succinct story, in prose or verse, that
        features animals, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of
        nature which are anthropomorphized (given human
        qualities), and that illustrates a moral lesson (a "moral"),
        which may at the end be expressed explicitly in a pithy
        maxim.


       A fable differs from a parable in that the latter excludes
        animals, plants, inanimate objects, and forces of nature
        as actors that assume speech and other powers of
        humankind.

                            Aesop’s fables
       Wikipedia           Arabian Nights
                            The Emperor's New Clothes
                            The Lion King
                            Animal Farm
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    Folk Culture
    For some people folk
     culture is a way of life.       The Amish


                           •Live a traditional lifestyle.
                           •Avoid contact from the outside
                           world that may come between
                           them and God.
                           •Avoid anything that will make
                           them stand out or compete with
                           others.
                           •Live much the same way as
                           they did hundreds of years ago.
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    Pop Culture
“I’ll hit you so hard that when you
wake up your clothes will be out
of style!!!”


                  What does that mean?
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    Pop Culture
       What does the word       Popular
        “pop” mean?


                                 Dynamic culture that has been diffused to and
       How would you             accepted by a large number of people and
        define pop culture?       societies.



       How is pop culture       Diffused (spread) by different types of media.
        diffused (spread)?
                                     Internet
                                     TV
                                     Radio
                                     Printed Media
Pop Culture



    1920’s

                                    1940’s            1950’s                   1960’s
                  1930’s




     2000’s                                  1980’s
                           1990’s
                                                                      1970’s
   Is constantly changing with the times.
   Other than their clothes, what else do you notice that changed?
Pop Culture

                      fads can go
               Specific
               away and then come
               back.
Pop Culture


                                            1984
    1966                                               1992
                           1970




           2009                    2000             1995



   Specific fads can go away and then come back.

   Not just clothes!
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    Differences between pop
    and folk culture
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    Differences

    • What is the main
                              Where they have influence:
      difference between
                                 Folk
      pop and folk culture?
                                     small area

                                 Pop
                                     large area
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    Differences

    • What is the main
                              Changes in culture:
      difference between
                                 Folk
      pop and folk culture?
                                     Minimal or no change

                                 Pop
                                     Constant change
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    Differences

    • What is the main
                              Diffusion:
      difference between
                                 Folk
      pop and folk culture?
                                     Spread from one generation
                                      to the next

                                 Pop
                                     Mass media
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    Cultural Diffusion: China 2009
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       Custom – frequent repetition of
        an act until it becomes
        characteristic of a group of
        people..

       Taboo – a restriction on
        behavior imposed by social
        custom.

       Habit – repetitive act performed
        by an individual.
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    Food Taboos: Jews – can’t eat animals
    that chew cud, that have cloven feet; can’t
    mix meat and milk, or eat fish lacking fins
    or scales; Muslims – no pork; Hindus – no
    cows (used for oxen during monsoon)




      Kosher McDonald’s
                              Washing Cattle in Ganges
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    Problems with the Globalization of
    Culture
                       Often Destroys Folk
                        Culture – or
                        preserves traditions as
                        museum pieces or
                        tourism gimmicks.
                            Mexican Mariachis;
                             Polynesian Navigators;
                             Cruise Line Simulations
                            Change in Traditional
                             Roles and Values;
                             Polynesian weight
                             problems
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    Problems with the Globalization of
    Popular Culture
    Western Media Imperialism?
        U.S., Britain, and Japan dominate worldwide
         media.
        Glorified consumerism, violence, sexuality,
         and militarism?
        U.S. (Networks and CNN) and British (BBC)
         news media provide/control the dissemination
         of information worldwide.
        These networks are unlikely to focus or
         provide third world perspective on issues
         important in the LDCs.
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    Environmental Problems with
    Cultural Globalization
    Accelerated Resource Use through
     Accelerated Consumption
           Furs: minx, lynx, jaguar, kangaroo, whale, sea otters
            (18th Century Russians) fed early fashion trends.
           Consumerism evident in most Western Media fashions,
            including hip hop and rock and roll.
           Inefficient over-consumption of Meats (10:1), Poultry
            (3:1), even Fish (fed other fish and chicken) by meat-
            eating pop cultures
           Mineral Extraction for Machines, Plastics and Fuel
           New larger housing desires and associated energy and
            water use.
           Golf courses use valuable water and destroy habitat
            worldwide.

    Pollution: waste from fuel generation and discarded
      products, plastics, marketing and packaging materials

				
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posted:2/27/2012
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