Kingsley Amis (PowerPoint)

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					Kingsley Amis (April 16, 1922 – October 22, 1995)
                Kingsley Amis
an English novelist, poet, critic and teacher. He
wrote more than twenty novels, three collections
of poetry, short stories, radio and television
scripts, and books of social and literary criticism.
His father is the English novelist Martin Amis.
Biography
 Kingsley Amis was born south London and was
  educated at the City of London School, and St.
  John's College, Oxford April 1941 where he read
  English. After only a year, he was called up for
  Army service in July 1942. After serving in in the
  Second World War, Amis returned to Oxford in
  October 1945 to complete his degree. Although
  he worked hard and got a first in English in 1947,
  he had by then decided to give much of his time
  to writing. In 1946, he was a member of the
  Communist Party of Great Britain.
In 1946 he became a lecturer in English at the
 University of Wales Swansea (1948–61). Amis
 achieved popular success with his first novel
 Lucky Jim, which is considered by many to be
 an exemplary novel of 1950s Britain.
The novel won the Somerset Maugham Award
 for fiction and Amis was associated with the
 writers labeled the Angry Young Men. Lucky
 Jim was the first British campus novel, setting
 a precedent for later generations of writers such
 as Malcolm Bradbury, David Lodge, Tom
 Sharpe and Howard Jacobson.
  Angry Young Men
is a journalistic catchphrase applied to a
 number of British playwrights and novelists from
 the mid-1950s. The phrase was originally used
 by British newspapers after the success of the
 play Look Back in Anger to describe young
 British writers, though it was derived from the
 autobiography of Leslie Paul, whose "Angry
 Young Man" was published in 1951.
It has been used more generically, to refer to a
 young person who strongly criticizes political
 and social institutions.
   campus novel
 known as an academic novel, is a novel whose main action is
  set in and around the campus of a university. The genre in its
  current form dates back to the early 1950s.
 Many well-known campus novels, such as Kingsley Amis‘s
  Lucky Jim and those of David Lodge, are comic or satirical,
  often counterpointing(对应) intellectual pretensions(自负)
  and human weaknesses. Some, however, attempt a serious
  treatment of university life.
 Campus novels exploit the closed world of the university setting,
  with stock characters inhabiting unambiguous hierarchies. They
  may describe the reaction of a fixed socio-cultural perspective
  (the academic staff) to new social attitudes (the new student
  intake).
During 1958-59 he made the first of two visits to
 the United States, where he was Visiting Fellow
 in Creative Writing at Princeton University and a
 visiting lecturer in other northeastern
 universities. On returning to Britain, he began
 looking for another post; after thirteen years at
 Swansea, Amis became a fellow of Peterhouse
 at Cambridge (1961–63). He regretted the
 move within a year, finding Cambridge an
 academic and social disappointment and
 resigned in 1963, intent on moving to Spain; he
 went no further than London.
Kingsley Amis was knighted in 1990. In August
 1995, he fell, suffering a suspected stroke, yet,
 after apparently recovering, he worsened, was
 re-admitted to hospital, and died on 22 October
 1995 in London.
  Literary work

Amis is chiefly known as a comedic novelist of
 mid- to late-20th century British life, but his
 literary work extended into many genres —
 poetry, essays and criticism, short stories, food
 and drink writing, anthologies(诗选) and a
 number of novels in genres such as science
 fiction and mystery.
Amis originally wished to be a poet, and turned
 to writing novels only after publishing several
 volumes of verse. He continued throughout his
 career to write poetry which is known for its
 typically straightforward and reachable style.
Lucky Jim
 a comic novel, first published in 1954. It was his
  first published novel, and won the Somerset
  Maugham Award for fiction. Set sometime
  around 1950, Lucky Jim follows the exploits of
  the titular(有名无实的) protagonist James
  Dixon, a reluctant Medieval history lecturer at a
  provincial English university . The novel uses a
  precise but plain-spoken narrative voice.
 Time magazine included the novel in its TIME
  100 Best English-language Novels from 1923 to
  2005
  Plot summary
 Jim Dixon is not particularly dedicated to his job as a
  medieval history lecturer at a provincial university.
  Having made a bad first impression in the history
  department, he is concerned about being fired at the
  end of his first year, and seeks to hold his position by
  maintaining good relations with his superior, the
  tedious Professor Welch - an often absent-minded and
  unbearably self-important amateur(外行). He also
  attempts, without success, to get his article on the
  economic consequence of medieval shipbuilding
  methods published in an academic journal, in order to
  enhance his insufficient professional standing.
 Dixon is largely without the tact and caution expected
  in provincial bourgeois society - character traits
  displayed by his difficulty in accepting the pretension
  of Welch and others. Dixon has contempt for just
  about everyone around him, including his unbearable
  on-again off-again “girlfriend” Margaret Peel (a fellow,
  but senior, lecturer), who is recovering from a failed
  suicide attempt, having apparently swallowed a
  potentially lethal dose(致命剂量的) of sleeping pills.
  Via a mixture of emotional blackmail and appeal to
  Dixon's sense of duty and pity, she manages to trap
  Dixon in a relationship he would rather not be in.
  Welch's "arty" endeavors present several
  opportunities for Dixon to advance his standing
  amongst his colleagues and superiors, but these go
  horribly astray.
Along the way Dixon meets Christine Callaghan,
 a young Londoner who is dating Professor
 Welch‘s son Bertrand - an amateur painter
 whose self-importance particularly infuriates
 Dixon - and comes to find out she has just as
 little patience for the world of artists and
 connoisseurs(行家). After initially not hitting
 it off particularly well, the two begin to fall in
 love; this becomes an undercurrent for Dixon's
 further contempt toward Bertrand. Bertrand, a
 social climber, is using his connection with
 Christine to reach her wealthy and well-
 connected Scottish uncle, who is reportedly
 seeking an assistant in London.
The novel reaches its climax in Dixon‘s
 lecture on “Merrie England,” which goes
 horribly wrong as Dixon, attempting to
 calm his nerves with a little too much
 alcohol, uncontrollably begins to mock
 Welch and everything else that he hates;
 he finally goes into convulsions(哄堂大笑)
 and passes out. Welch, of course, fires
 Dixon.
 However, Christine's uncle, who reveals a unspoken
  respect for Dixon's individuality and attitude towards
  pretension, offers Dixon the desirable assistant job in
  London that pays much better than his lecturing
  position.
 Dixon finally has the last laugh, as Christine finds out
  Bertrand was also pursuing an affair with the wife of
  one of Dixon's former colleagues; she decides to
  pursue her relationship with Dixon.
 At the end of the book, Dixon and Christine bump
  into the Welches on the street; Jim cannot help
  walking right up to them, with Christine on his arm,
  and exploding in laughter at how ridiculous they truly
  are.

				
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