VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 1 POSTED ON: 2/27/2012
Mastitis - an inflammation of breast tissue, caused by bacterial infection. In 95% of patients with mastitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Gateway for infection in 50% of the cases are cracked nipples, abrasions, eczema, minor wounds.Distinguish acute and chronic mastitis. Also, depending on the condition of the breast, mastitis is divided into lactation (postpartum) and nelaktatsionny. Mastitis also may develop on the background lactostasis - milk stagnation in the chest.However, in most cases the disease occurs in women after childbirth (up to 90% of cases), most often in primiparous women. The remaining cases of mastitis are separated by 5% during pregnancy and 5% in non-pregnant.As a separate disease mastitis produce babies, growing children in the first 2-3 weeks of life against the background of physiological swelling of mammary glands during this period, both boys and girls alike.CausesContributing factors are: decrease the body's resistance to infections; stagnation of milk in the mammary gland (lactostasis); damage of the breast, giving access infection.Reasons for lowering the body's resistance: abnormal flows pregnancy, especially in the presence of concomitant diseases (rheumatism, malformations); various diseases during pregnancy; Severe childbirth; colds.Path of infection: moves through the milk; through the lymphatic pathway (from the wounds, fractures, etc.); through the blood (sepsis).What's happening?The initial stage is called serous mastitis. It must be distinguished from lactostasis because remedial measures and recommendations for these diseases are different.With the progression of the process may be festering with the formation of abscesses (cavities filled with pus), cellulitis (pus soaking the breast tissue) and even, in severe cases, gangrene. Overall state of health with the development of more severe forms of mastitis progressively worsens, fever, sore breasts denser. These conditions require surgical intervention.TreatmentWith the advent of the first signs of mastitis should immediately consult a doctor and not try to treat yourself. Only a doctor can help monitor the disease and avoid complications.If you lactostasis pumping and latch baby to the breast immediately bring relief and healing are the main events, the acute mastitis requires medical monitoring and treatment with antibiotics.Feeding in mastitis is contraindicated due to risk of infection of the child, the possibility of re (back) infection of mother, child ingestion of antibiotics and other drugs, deficiency of milk composition.Conservative therapy begins with a thorough pumping milk. Before pumping your doctor may prescribe procaine blockade of the affected area with a local breast introduction of antibiotics, antispasmodics, antihistamines. These procedures can be carried out up to three times a day. Antibiotics are prescribed as inside.To increase the effectiveness of treatment in severe cases, prescribe medication, inhibiting milk production by reducing the development of pituitary hormones - Parlodel.For urgent advice of the physician in mastitis, there are special services paid by nursing mothers. Consultations are on the phone (for free) and on-site doctor at home (24 hours). In addition, the district operates a free prenatal doctor on call at home.
"Mastitis - an inflammation of breast tiss"