Docstoc

ENVIRONMENTAL FINANCE ROBERT SIMONS SPRING 2000

Document Sample
ENVIRONMENTAL FINANCE ROBERT SIMONS SPRING 2000 Powered By Docstoc
					 US FEDERAL LAWS AND
REGULATORY STRUCTURE
• US ENVIRONMENTAL
  PROTECTION AGENCY
• US EPA IN CHARGE OF ENVIRONMENTAL
  REGULATION IN THE USA
• US EPA ADMINISTRATIONS AND
  GEOGRAPHIC REGIONS
• STATE EPAs IMPLEMENT PLANS
• OVERVIEW OF MAJOR LAWS, DATES
• AIR QUALITY MILESTONES
   US ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA)
• BEFORE US EPA, AIR QUALITY ACTS OF 1955 AND
  1963 WERE RUN OUT OF HEALTH EDUCATION
  AND WELFARE (HEW) CABINET POST
• US EPA WAS CREATED BY NATIONAL
  ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT (NEPA 1969) IN
  EARLY 1970s.
   – NEPA CREATED EPA CABINET POST
   – SET FORTH ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
     STATEMENT (EIS) PROCESS
   – ESTABLISHED COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL
     QUALITY (CEQ)
   US ENVIRONMENTAL
PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA)
             (continued)
• HAS AUTHORITY TO REGULATE AND
  PROTECT AIR, WATER AND SOLID WASTE
  POLLUTION IN THE USA. HAS
  ENFORCEMENT POWERS
• ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE IS FAIRLY
  CENTRALIZED, BUT REGIONS HAVE
  AUTONOMY FOR SOME TOPICAL AREAS
• (see figure 1)
 STATE EPAs HAVE BEEN TO CREATED
     LATER TO CARRY OUT AND
   IMPLEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL
              POLICY
• OHIO’S EPA, IS LOCATED IN
  COLUMBUS, WITH REGIONAL
  OFFICES IN NORTH EAST OHIO AND
  OTHER AREAS
• STATE EPAs HAVE PARALLEL
  LAWS TO FEDERAL, MANDATE TO
  IMPLEMENT POLICY OVER TIME
• MORE ON THESE LATER
MAJOR US EPA ENVIRONMENTAL
   LAWS AND MILESTONES

• CLEAN AIR ACT AND AMENDMENTS
• CLEAN WATER ACT AND AMENDMENTS
• HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES ACTS (SEVERAL)
   – HMTA, TSCA, HAZWOPER, PPA
   – RCRA
   – CERCLA AND SARA
   – DELEGATION TO STATE HAS BEEN TREND IN
     1990s
   – see figure 3
AIR POLLUTION CONTROL
      ACT OF 1955
 – RECOGNIZE POLLUTION CROSSES
   STATE LINES
 – SET FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AS
   PLAYER IN US AIR QUALITY ARENA
 – SPONSOR RESEARCH
 – NO REAL ENFORCEMENT POWER
 – IN ENGLAND AT THIS TIME, BAD AIR
   POLLUTION
 CLEAN AIR ACT OF 1963

– AMENDMENT TO 1955 ACT
– HEW IN CHARGE
– SMALL IMPLEMENTATION
  BUDGET
– STATES WERE GIVEN LARGE ROLE
  IN PREVENTING POLLUTION
   CLEAN AIR ACT OF 1970
    AND AMENDMENTS
• 1970 ACT (SET FRAMEWORK)
• 1977 AMENDMENTS (TRANSPORTATION
  TIE)
• 1990 AMENDMENTS (ACID RAIN
  PROGRAM)
• 1993 AMENDMENTS (EMISSIONS TRADING)
• OTHER LAWS ALSO INTERACT WITH
  THESE IMPORTANT LAWS (E.G.,
  INTERMODAL SURFACE
  TRANSPORTATION EFFICIENCY ACT 1991:
  “ISTEA” )
     CLEAN AIR ACT 1970
• INTRODUCED NATIONAL AMBIENT AIR
  QUALITY STANDARDS (NAAQS) FOR SIX
  CRITERIA POLLUTANTS (SOX, NOX, CO,
  OZONE/VOCs, PARTICULATES, LEAD)
• ESTABLISHED EMISSION STANDARDS FOR
  NEW POINT SOURCES
• REGULATED FUELS (E.G., LEADED GASOLINE)
• PROMOTED INTERSTATE AIR QUALITY
  AGENCIES ??
• REQUIRED STATE IMPLEMENTATION PLANS
  (SIP)

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:2/27/2012
language:
pages:9