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Fairy Tales_ Myths_ and Legends

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					   FOLK LITERATURE

   Fairy Tales, Myths, Tall Tales,
   Fables, and Legends
Reading with Mrs. Siebener
              What is folk literature and how do I define, analyze and
              comprehend it?




                                 FOLK LITERATURE




Fairy Tales              Myths                Legends            Tall Tales
Fairy Tale
   A fairy tale is a story featuring folkloric
    characters such as fairies, goblins, elves,
    trolls, giants, and others. These stories
    often involve princes and princesses, and
    modern versions usually have a happy
    ending. Usually fairy tales start with
    “Once upon a time..”
   How many fairy tales have you read? Can
    you name 3?
   Click here for examples: Fairy Tales for
    children or Fairy Tales by Hans Christian
    Anderson.
Myth
   What is a Myth?
    Myths deal with ancient stories, such as the adventures
    of the Greek gods. Mythology is a collection of
    traditional stories that express the beliefs or values of
    a group of people. The stories often focus on human
    qualities such as good and evil.
   They are often considered to be sacred and may
    explain how things came to be. The myths gave human
    emotions and qualities to the super- natural beings
    who were the heroes of their stories. These gods and
    goddesses helped or harmed mankind as they pleased.


   Mythweb
        Tall Tale
A tall tale is a story that has these features:
  A larger-than-life, or superhuman, main character with a specific
   job.
  A problem that is solved in a funny way.
  Exaggerated details that describe things as greater than they
   really are.
  Characters who use everyday language.

           Settlers who made their homes in the American wilderness
    first told tall tales. In those days, before TV and movies, people
    depended on storytelling for entertainment. After a long day's
    work, people gathered to tell each other funny tales.
           Each group of workers- loggers, cowboys, railroad and steel
    workers-had its own tall-tale hero. Having a superhuman hero with
    the same job somehow made their lives easier. Perhaps it gave
    them strength or courage to do their difficult and dangerous work.


   Animated Tall Tales
   Read about these tall tales: Paul Bunyan,
    Johnny Appleseed, Pecos Bill
Legend
   Legends are set in the present or recent
    past. Legends are supposedly true and
    are used to scare, teach, inform, or
    entertain. Legends are stories that are
    handed down through generations-
    usually by word of mouth. Examples:
    Legend of King Arthur and the Knight’s of
    the Round Table, Robin Hood,
   Legend Website
Fable
   Just what is a fable, you ask? Well, a fable is a kind of story that:
     has animal characters that are smart, foolish, sly, or clever
       has a character that plays tricks on other characters
             has a character that makes a bad decision
                    has a moral or a lesson learned
                   is short, sweet and to the point



   Click here to read some of Aesop’s fables.
   Click here to watch some animated
    versions of Aesop’s fables.
   Fable Webquest

				
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