Criteria for Speaking Task Design

Document Sample
Criteria for Speaking Task Design Powered By Docstoc
					Criteria for Speaking Task Design
 in Videoconferencing-supported
   Distance Language Learning

            Yuping Wang
          Griffith University
               Australia
                 Introduction
Three dimensions:

• Area of research: distance language learning,
• Research fucus: Criteria for task design,
• Technology: Videoconferencing
              Introduction
• The proposal of criteria for
  videoconferencing –based task design;

• The results from an evaluation of these
  criteria;

• Implications of findings.
        Proposal of criteria for evaluating the
     appropriateness of videoconferencing-based
                         tasks

Chapelle’s criteria for CALL task appropriateness
•   Language learning potential
•   Learner fit
•   Meaning focus
•   Authenticity
•   Positive impact
•   Practicality
       Proposal of criteria for evaluating the
    appropriateness of videoconferencing-based
                        tasks
Criteria proposed by this research
•   Practicality
•   Language learning potential
•   Learner fit
•   Authenticity
•   Positive impact
Criteria proposed by this research
• Practicality
 The fit between the task and the capability of
 videoconferencing tool(s) to support task
 completion.

• Language learning potential
 Two conditions are under investigation: the
 provision of focus on form, and learners’
 improvement in the target language.
Criteria proposed by this research
Learner fit
• The fit between the characteristics of the learner and the
  task characteristics.

Authenticity
• Tasks relating to “Real life situations”.

Positive impact
• The positive effects of the videoconferencing tasks on
  those who participate in it.
              The evaluation

• NetMeeting 3.01
                 The evaluation
Procedure
• Research design
• participants
Data collection and analysis methods
•   Personal observation
•   Post-session interviews
•   Post trial surveys
•   Videotaped sessions
          Results and discussion
•   Practicality
•   Language learning potentials
•   Learner fit
•   Authenticity
•   Positive impact
          Results and discussion
Practicality
•   Wang 2004a &2004b
•   Video and audio quality
•   Whiteboard
•   Document Transfer
•   Sharing and
•   Self-image video
        Results and discussion
Language learning potential
• Focus on form happened in every task
  completion
• Improvement in Chinese proficiency

Learner fit
• All believed that the tasks were set at the right
  level of difficulty.
• Flexibility at task performance level
          Results and discussion
Authenticity
• Three sets of tasks
• Real world tasks vs role plays
Positive impact
•   Real-time video
•   Paralinguistic cues
•   Personal link
•   confidence
Recommendations and implications
• Practicality
  Task design should start with the evaluation of
  features of a videoconferencing tool;

  The first videoconferencing session should be
  geared towards familiarizing the students with
  the various functions of a videoconferencing
  tool.
Recommendations and implications
Language learning potential
• the appropriate density of focus on form

Learner fit
• Task design should aim at learners with basic
  level of proficiency
• Room for adjustments and flexibility should be
  embedded in task design
Recommendations and implications
Authenticity
• Tasks should be relevant to learners’ daily life.

• A combination of pedagogical and real world
  tasks should be offered.

• The characteristics of adult learners should be
  taken into consideration.
Recommendations and implications
Positive impact

 More attention should be paid to how to utilize
 the function of the video to create an authentic
 and fun learning environment
                 Conclusion
• The proposal of a set of criteria for evaluating
  the appropriateness of videoconferencing
  supported tasks.
• Useful data providing us with insight into the
  learning process supported by
  videoconferencing.
• The identification of some issues in relation to
  videoconferencing task design for future
  research.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:7
posted:2/27/2012
language:
pages:18