Kalabagh Dam Presentation

					 WATER RESOURCES OF
PAKISTAN-PROBLEMS OF
    DEVELOPMENT

       PRESENTATION
           BY
     DR MOHAMMAD SAID
            &
      AAMIR HUSSAIN
CURRENT DEBATE ON WATER
RESOURCES    HAS    TWO
DIMENSIONS:

 ‡ POLITICAL
 ‡ TECHNICAL
IMPORTANCE OF IRRIGATION
‡ Pakistan is a semi-arid country
‡ 80% of the area receives Annual Rainfall less than 30
‡Agriculture without irrigation is not possible.
‡ Irrigation is carried out by the following means:
  ± Canals
     Inundation Canals
     Perennial Canals
  ± Wells
     Dug-out wells
     Tubewells
  ± Springs
     Artisan
     Torrents
SOURCES OF WATER (Q) IN OUR RIVERS:
     ± RAINFALL
     ± SNOW MELTING
     ± GLACIERS
     ± SPRINGS
LAND USE IN PAKISTAN
WATER AVAILIBILITY IN PAKISTAN
BACKGROUND
                       EXISTING SURFACE STORAGES
    PROJECT             RIVER        HT. OF DAM         LIVE STORAGE        POWER            PURPOSE
                                                                             (MW)
                                     FT        M       MAF       BCM

TARBELA (1976)          INDUS        485      147.8    9.30      11.38        3478             I,P
MANGLA (1966)           JHELUM       380      115.8    4.82      5.90         1000             I,P
CHASHMA (1971)          INDUS         -         -      0.61      0.75          -               I,P
WARSAK (1960)           KABUL        250      76.2     0.04      0.05         240              I,P
BARAN DAM (1962)       KURRAM        107      32.6     0.03      0.04          4               I,P
HUB (1983)               HUB         151      46.0     0.76      0.93           -              I,W
KHANPUR (1984)           HARO        167      50.9     0.09      0.11           -              I,W
TANDA (1965)           KOHAT TOI     115      35.0     0.06      0.07           -               I
RAWAL (1962)           KURANG        114      34.7     0.04      0.05           -              W
SIMLY DAM (1972)         SOAN        215      65.5     0.02      0.02           -              W
BKD KHAN (1900 )        PISHIN       35       10.7     0.04      0.05           -               I
HAMAL LAKE                 -          -            -   0.08      0.09           -               I
MANCHAR LAKE            INDUS         -            -   0.75      0.92           -               I
KINJHAR LAKE            INDUS         -            -   0.32      0.39           -              I,W
CHOTIARI LAKE           INDUS         -            -   0.78      0.95           -               I
                                           TOTAL       17.74     21.90        4722



      I - IRRIGATION      P- POWER             W- WATER SUPPLY           1 MAF = 1.224 BCM
RESERVOIR SEDIMENTATION (MAF)
    SURFACE STORAGE SITES ± INDUS RIVER & TRIBUTATIES

 PROJECT          RIVER   HT. OF DAM        LIVE         POWER   PURPOS       STATUS
                                          STORAGE         (MW)     E
                           FT      M     MAF     BCM

YUGO          SYHOK       540    164.5   4.82    5.90     1000      I,P          R

SKARDU        INDUS       755    230.1   15.52   18.99    4000      I,P          R

KATZARA       INDUS        -             35.00   42.82   15000                   R

BASHA         INDUS       660    201.1   5.70    6.98     3360      I,P         PF

KALABAG H     INDUS       260     79.3   6.10    7.46     3600      I,P          C

KALAM         SWAT        450    137.1   0.26    0.32     110       I,P          R

MIR KHANI     CHITRAL     410    124.9   0.58    0.71     150       I,P          R

KHAZANA       PANJKORA    380    115.8   0.56    0.68     110       I,P          R

MUNDA         SWAT        700    213.2   0.67    0.82     740       I,P          F




   I.IRRIGATION                 R- RECONNAISSANCE STUDY COMPLETED         FT. FEET
    P-POWER                     F- FEASIBILITY STUDY COMPLETED            M: METERS
LOCATION OF DAM SITES
       KALABAGH DAM

SALIENT FEATURES
‡   GROSS STORAGE     7.9 MAF
‡   LIVE STORAGE      6.1 MAF
‡   RETENTION LEVEL   915 FT.
‡   CREST ELEVATION   940 FT.
‡   MAX HEIGHT        260 FT.
‡   HYDRO POWER       2,400/ 3,600 MW
‡   NO. OF UNITS      8/12
‡   ESTIMATED COST    US $ 6.1 BILLION
PROBLEMS
‡ SHORT LIFE DUE TO HEAVY SEDIMENTATION
‡ POWER HOUSES CLOSURE FOR 3 MONTHS
‡ DISPLACEMENT OF POPULATION       (1,20,000)
  ± PUNJAB       78,000
  ± NWFP         42,000
‡ SUBMERGENCE OF FERTILE LAND (27,500 ACRES)
     PUNJAB: TOTAL 24,500
       ± BARANI           21,000
       ± IRRIGATED        2,900
     NWFP: TOTAL 3,000
       ± BARANI           2,900
       ± IRRIGATED          100
‡ DRAINAGE PROBLEMS OF PESHAWAR VALLEY
‡ FLOODS IN KABUL RIVER
‡ EFFECTS ON INDUS DELTA MANGROVE FORESTS.
‡ ADVERSE EFFECTS ON RIVERINE AREA
DRAINAGE LEVEL IN KABUL VALLEY WITH KALABAGH
            BASHA DAM

±   GROSS STORAGE             9.04 MAF
±   LIVE STORAGE              7.30 MAF
±   HYDRO POWER               4,500 MW
±   HEIGHT OF DAM             913 FT.
±   TOTAL COST                $ 6.5 BILLION
±   ELEVATION RESERVOIR ASL   3819 FT.
±   AREA UNDER RESERVOIR      32,000 ACRES
            PROBLEMS


‡ DISPLACEMENT OF POPULATION 24,350
  PERSONS IN 32 VILLAGES
‡ SUBMERGENCE OF KKH         110 KM
‡ LOSS OF AGRICULTURAL LAND 1,600 ACRES
‡ COST OF RESETTLEMENT        $ 200 M
             KATZARAH DAM

SALIENT FEATURES
‡   GROSS STORAGE             35 MAF
‡   LIVE STORAGE              ?
‡   HYDRO POWER               15000 MW
‡   HEIGHT                    860 FT.
‡   COST                      NOT WORKED-OUT
‡   PRE-FEASIBILITY STUDIES   IN PROGRESS
               PROBLEMS


‡   SUBMERGENCE OF LAND         80,000 ACRES
‡   ROADS AFFECTED              40 KM
‡   DISPLACED POPULATION        1,60,000 PERSONS
‡   SKARDU AIRPORT WOULD BE SUBMERGED
‡   POWER DISPERSAL VERY DIFFICULT
    AKHORI RESERVOIR

SALIENT FEATURES
‡   GROSS STORAGE   14 MAF
‡   LIVE STORAGE    6 MAF
‡   HEIGHT          418 FT.
‡   COST            $ 5 BILLION
       PROBLEMS

‡ PERSONS DISPLACED   49,300
‡ ROADS AFFECTED      97 KM
‡ LAND SUBMERGENCE    59,200 ACRES
PROVINCIAL VIEWS ON MEGA DAMS
              CONCLUSION

‡ Water resources must be developed on priority
  basis
‡ Feasibility study should be carried out of all
  potential sites
‡ The retention level of Kalabagh dam (915 ft) should
  be further reduced to protect Peshawar valley from
  water-logging
‡ Work on Basha dam, which is not controvercial,
  should be taken-up followed by Akhori and
  Katzarah
Thanks for the attention
     and interest

				
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Description: Kalabagh dam issue , which is a big issue in Pakistan . A great presentation on current issue.