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					                  England
      Tutor                   Pupils
 Puchina Irina          Natasha Radus
  Georgievna           Grigory Pasechnick
                       Andrew Storozhko
                       Alex Chistyakov
                       Anton Voitseshko
                       Anna Makeeva
                       Kristina Chubarkina
                       Eugeny Lopaiko
A Little Bit of History and Names


                The name of the country comes
                 from the Old English Engla
                 land (the land of the Angles).
                 The Angles were a Germanic
                 tribe who invaded Britain in the
                 5th century. After settling in
                 Britain they established their
                 kingdoms of the East Anglia,
                 Mercia, Northumbria, etc. In
                 Ukraine the term England is
                 often used to refer to entire
                 Great Britain.
               United Kingdom (UK)
 This name was adopted on 1
  January 1801 when Great
  Britain and Ireland were
  united. The national banner
  of Great Britain and Ireland,
  the so-called Union Jack,
  consists of three united
  crosses (St. George standing
  for England, St. Andrew for
  Scotland and St. Patrick for
  Ireland). The union of the
  Kingdoms of Great Britain
  and Ireland came to an end in
  1922. Now, only Northern
  Ireland remains in the UK.
Some of the National Symbols
         The most
         famous roses of
         England are
         the Red Rose
         which served
         as the symbol
         of the House of
         Lancaster in
         their claims for
         the royal
         throne as
         opposed to the
         White Rose
         standing for
         the House of
         York.
           The Southeast
 Industry
 London
 Heathrow Airport
 The County of Kent
 Resorts
           BRIGH
                                     TON
 Brighton-is a small resort town.
 Its situated not far from London.
 In town there are many old
 buildings which can tell
 us many interesting
 about Brighton`s past.


One of the main
streets in Brighton
is a Queen Street.
this street connects
railway station with a
famous Brighton Beach.
                           Also Brighton full of interesting species of
                                              transport.




 There is main square of Brighton.
 In the middle of square there is
              a beautiful
               fountain
                   with a                                   BRIGHTON BEACH is the best
                                                            in Brighton and one of the bests
                  flowers.
                                                            in all world.
           The Southwest
 Farms and dairy products
 Pirates
 Stonehenge
 Land’s End
 Bath and Bristol
Stonehenge

      Stonehenge is probably
       the most recognizable
       and enigmatic stone
       circle in Britain. The
       structure has fascinated
       people for centuries, and
       there are many theories
       as to what purpose it
       was put to by ancient
       man. Stonehenge has
       suffered over the years
       from trophy hunters, and
       the wear and tear of
       many visitors.
       History of Stonehenge
 The heel stone is said to have
  been thrown by the Devil at a
  monk who was spying on him
  between the stones. The
  stone pinned the unfortunate
  clergyman to the ground by
  his heel.
  Other folklore suggests that
  the stones are uncountable, a
  baker tried to count them by
  placing a loaf of bread on
  each stone. He came up with
  a number but then made the
  mistake of going through the
  whole process again, and
  could never get the sets of
  numbers to tally.
LAND’S   END




           Visible from Land's End is
           the Longships Lighthouse.
           Longships is the name given
           to a group of rocks situated
           1.25 miles to the west of
           Land's End. A lighthouse is
           situated at Longships. It was
           built in 1795 on the highest
           point of the largest rock.
          East Anglia

 Cambridge
 The Fens
 Oliver Cromwell
    Cambridge
 Cambridge is situated at a distance of 70
  miles from London. The greater part of
  the town lies on the left bank of the River
  Cam crossed by several bridges.
   Cambridge is one of the loveliest towns
  of England; it is not a modern industrial
  city and looks much more a country town.
 The University trains about 7,000 students
  in different specialities. You study at the
  University for 4 years, 3 terms a year. The
  long vacation lasts three months. You are
  trained by a tutor has 10-12 students
  reading under his guidance. There are
  many libraries at Cambridge; some of
  them have rare collection of books. In one
  of them among the earliest are books by
  Shakespeare and other ancient specimen
  of literary art.
            The Midlands
 The heart of England
 The largest industrial part
 Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham
 Stratford-upon-Avon
 Oxford
                    Liverpool

Liverpool Football Club
                                The Beatles - John Lennon,
is one of the most famous
                                 Paul McCartney, George
teams in the UK. Its             Harrison and Ringo Starr -
stadium is called Anfield,       all grew up in Liverpool.
named after the area
where it is located. The
stand behind one of the
goals - where the
Liverpool supporters
normally sit - is called
The Kop.
                            Manchester
Manchester is a        Manchester is one of the largest metropolitan
relatively new          conurbations in the United Kingdom, justly proud
city; born of           of its history and heritage, its culture, enterprise
the Industrial          and its entrepreneurial spirit.
Revolution, it
took the lead in
the world's
textile
manufacture
and production
in the late 18th
century, a
position it held
until its decline
in the 1960s.
                                  Oxford
The University of Oxford
may be said to date from
when the first charter was
granted by the Pope, but
long before this date there
had existed in the town a
number of religious
communities and these were
the real beginning of the
University.
The college corporate
institutions with special rules
and privileges came into
being during the Middle
Ages, but at only graduates
were full members of them
and it was not the 16th
century that all
undergraduates were
admitted to them.
                                    Oxford
Oxford is like London: it
is international, it is very
   old, it has great charm.

  In addition there
  have been numerous
  academic halls.
  Most of there
  colleges began as
  hostels opened by
  charitable                  Oxford is international because people from many parts
                               of the world come to study at its university. Oxford is old
  individuals and
                               and historical. It has existed since 912. You can see the
  groups to provide            charm of Oxford in the green fields and parks which
  lodging, care, and           surround the city and you can see it in the lawns and
  general supervision          gardens which surround the colleges. You can see the
  of students.                 charm of Oxford in the River Thames and its streams
                               which pass near the city.
                Academic life in Oxford
   Academic life in Oxford is full       Oxford Brookes is recognized as
    and varied. Every college of the       one of the country's leading
                                           schools. A recent survey of UK
    University has its own Library,        architecture schools in 2006
    and many of them are very              conducted by The Architect's
    large and comprehensive. The           Journal ranked Oxford Brookes as
    principal museums of Oxford            the best school outside London
    are the Ashmolean and the              and the runner-up in the UK
                                           overall.
    University Museum.
       Stratford-upon-Avon
Stratford-upon-Avon is
a town, small in size
but large in history
and interest.
The town sits proudly
on the River Avon
which flows through
the middle of town,
once a key factor as
trade route and
enhanced by linking
with the British
Waterways Canal
network for the
Midlands, the River is
now used mainly for
leisure activities.
          Stratford-upon-Avon
It’s the birthplace of
   great William
   Shakespeare.
          The North of England
   Coal
   The Lake District
   York and Newcastle-upon-Tyne
   Hadrian’s Wall
                  Hadrian’s Wall
• Hadrian's Wall was built
  following a visit by Roman
  Emperor Hadrian (AD 76–
  138) in AD 122.
• The original construction
  took six years to complete,
  during which time plans were
  altered several times. The
  building was done by
  members of three auxiliary
  legions working from east to
  west, and it has been
  estimated that they used
  more than a million cubic
  meters of stone in its
  completion.
                  The Lake District
• Cumbria – The Lake
    District is an inspiring
    area of natural beauty
    that offers an enormous
    range of relaxing and
    rejuvenating
    experiences.
•   With breathtaking
    mountains and 16
    sparkling lakes, Cumbria
    – The Lake District’s
    unsurpassed scenery has
    inspired the works of
    many writers and poets,
    including William
    Wordsworth and Beatrix
    Potter.
                 The Lake District
• The central and most-visited
  part of the area is contained
  in the Lake District National
  Park — one of fourteen
  National parks in the United
  Kingdom
                                 English
                                Gentleman




How superbly brave is the        You know what the Englishman's idea
Englishman in the presence of    of com-promise is? He says, some people
the awfullest forms of danger
and death; and how abject in
                                 say there is a God. Some people say
the presence of any and all      there is no God. The truth probably lies
forms of hereditary rank.        somewhere between these two
M. Twain (1835-1910),            statements.
     U.S. author                        W. Yeats (1865-1939), Irish poet

				
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