APPENDIX 2: Program Descriptions
After School Matters, Chicago IL
Alameda County Violence Prevention Blueprint, Alameda County CA
Barrios Unidos, Santa Cruz CA
Blueprint for a Safer Philadelphia, Philadelphia PA
Calles, San Francisco CA
Ceasefire Chicago, Chicago IL
Child Witness to Violence Project, Boston MA
Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in the Schools (CBITS), Los Angeles CA
Community Works/California, San Francisco CA
Family Violence Prevention Fund, San Francisco CA
GET.A.VOICE™, New York NY
Homeboy Industries, Los Angeles CA
I Can Problem Solve, Philadelphia, PA
Institute for Community Peace, Washington D.C.
LINC, San Francisco CA
Los Angeles Commission on Assaults Against Women (LACAAW), Los Angeles
manalive, San Francisco CA
Million Mom March
Movement Strategy Center, Oakland CA
New Mexico Forum for Youth in Community, Albuquerque NM
Peacebuilders®, Long Beach CA
Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape (PCAR), Enola PA
Perry Preschool Project, Ypsilanti MI
SafePlace, Austin TX
Survivors for Violence Prevention, Minneapolis MN
Youth Alive, Oakland CA
Youth Uprising, Oakland CA
Contact information only
Kehilla Community Synagogue, Piedmont CA
Men Can Stop Rape, Washington D.C.
Minnesota Sexual Violence Prevention Action Coalition, St. Paul MN
Safe and Drug Free Schools, Wichita KS
Wingspan, Tucson AZ
Creating Safe Environments 1
After School Matters
History and Mission
After School Matters (ASM) creates a network of out-of-school opportunities for teens in
underserved communities. ASM achieves its mission by aligning and maximizing
neighborhood physical and programmatic resources; solidifying partnerships among
citywide agencies and organizations; and mobilizing creative, coordinated and
sustainable investment in teens.
Chicago adolescents from underserved communities
The roots of After School Matters can be traced back to an abandoned city block in the
heart of downtown Chicago. Fifteen years ago a once vacant block in downtown Chicago
was converted into an outdoor art studio for Chicago high school students. Here they
could learn a vast array of artistic genres taught by skilled professionals from Chicago's
own neighborhoods and communities. In honor of the original Block 37, the exciting,
new project was named gallery37. By the fall of 2000, the overwhelming success of
Gallery 37 with Chicago's young adults prompted the expansion of the job-training
program beyond the arts, creating sports37, tech37, and words37. Together these
innovative programs formed After School Matters.
After School Matters expanded its programs to hundreds of schools, libraries, and parks
throughout the city, including the state-of-the-art downtown Center for the Arts, located
at 66 East Randolph Street. By partnering with the Chicago Public Schools, the Chicago
Park District, the Chicago Public Library, and the Chicago Department of Children and
Youth Services, After School Matters provides teens with the opportunity to engage in
constructive activities during the crucial after-school hours. At each location, local
professionals help Chicago's youth meet the challenges that await them by developing
marketable job skills and building confidence by showcasing their talents. One of the
newest programs is the Taylor Culinary Arts Program which introduces teens to the
business of food preparation and affords them the opportunity to engage in authentic
interaction with professional chefs and instructors. Apprentices learn to create light and
healthy recipes and have the opportunity to engage in mentor relationships with many
guest chefs and other industry professionals who donate their time to further teens'
interest in the culinary arts.
Today, After School Matters is recognized as one of the strongest after-school initiatives
nationwide and is acknowledged as the largest program of its kind serving teenagers in
the United States. From its origins on Block 37, After School Matters has grown from
serving 180 teens in three neighborhoods to administering close to 725 programs in 35
schools for more than 22,000 teens. Inspired by its success, After School Matters remains
committed to expanding out of school opportunities for Chicago's young people.
Creating Safe Environments 2
Natasha Smith, Senior Director of Programs, (312)742-41892
After School Matters website: www.afterschoolmatters.org
After School Matters is an RWJF grantee (Local Initiatives Funding Partners)
Creating Safe Environments 3
Alameda County Violence Prevention Blueprint
Alameda County, CA
History and Mission
Released in 2005, the Alameda County Violence Prevention Blueprint is the result of a
multi-sector collaborative effort to create a systematic strategy for addressing violence in
the county. The Blueprint emphasizes community-wide or “environmental” outcomes and
addresses all forms of violence in the county, spanning across all ages and communities.
Alameda County residents; the county includes the city of Oakland, which is the largest
The Blueprint was developed by a diverse group of stakeholders from across the county
representing city and county elected officials, county departments and agencies, city
program staff and police chiefs, community-based organizations, and youth. The
Blueprint was further informed by interviews and focus groups with residents of the
county, as well as by research and practitioner wisdom from around the county.
The work of the Blueprint was guided by several principles including, violence is
preventable and local activities are critical. Any comprehensive initiative needs to honor
what’s already working and respect diversity. Prevention is not the same as containment
and suppression, all residents are stakeholders in the initiative, and violence prevention is
a long-term effort.
Using those principles, the advisory and stakeholders groups developed some broad
objectives to guide future activities, programming, and funding in the county. The county
should promote positive child and youth development by creating positive environments,
such as the community center that houses the organization Youth Uprising (see later in
this document); meaningful activities; and opportunities for career development. The
county should ensure supported and functioning families by providing support services
and fatherhood and male responsibility programs. The county should foster safe and
vibrant neighborhoods through decreasing alcohol outlet density, reducing firearm
availability, and reducing gang violence. Finally, the county should ensure program and
government effectiveness through coordination, training, and assessment and evaluation.
The full document list more approaches to achieve these objectives. The funding for
implementation of the Blueprint includes a full-time Violence Prevention Coordinator
housed in the Probation Department to serve as liaison among all of the government
agencies and community groups.
Andres Soto, Violence Prevention Coordinator, (520) 268-7050
The Blueprint is available at www.preventioninstitute.org/alameda.html.
Creating Safe Environments 4
Santa Cruz, CA
History and Mission
The California Coalition of Barrios Unidos began as a community-based peace
movement in the violent streets of urban California in 1977. Incorporated as a non-profit
organization in 1993, the national office of Santa Cruz Barrios Unidos established the
mission to prevent and curtail violence among youth within Santa Cruz County by
providing them with life enhancing alternatives. Over the past twenty-five years Barrios
Unidos has developed a model that seeks to reclaim and restore the lives of struggling
youth while promoting unity among families and neighbors through community building
Adolescents and young adults
The values that guide the work of Barrios Unidos draw heavily on the Chicano/Mexicano
culture, described as an amalgam (mestisaje) of spiritual and cultural traditions. Their
values, beliefs and traditions flow from an ancient indigenous heritage that assimilates
European and other cultural influences introduced to North America over the past 500
years. A primary focus of the Barrios Unidos peace movement has been to build
community-based structures to support organizing and social cohesion by restoring the
cultural traditions that have historically bound our families and communities together.
Barrios Unidos has assimilated into its work the connection between cultural
consciousness and political action, a commitment to working in inter-racial alliances and
coalitions, promoting community self-reliance and economic development and non-
violent action for social change. Barrios Unidos is not a traditional youth service
organization, but is instead a hybrid social enterprise that works in a holistic fashion with
youth, families, the public and the private sector to build human and community capital
thereby strengthening communities and, as a result, the whole of society.
From its inception, the focus of Barrios Unidos has been on building an organizational
base to support the peace movement rather than simply building an agency. The long-
term vision of Barrios Unidos' founders is to establish an Institute for Peace and
Community Development based in Santa Cruz and focused on supporting an organized
peace movement and community development effort in California and eventually
throughout the United States.
Among the programs offered by Barrios Unidos is the Cesar E. Chavez School for Social
Change, an alternative high school made possible by the collaboration between the Santa
Cruz chapter of Barrios Unidos and the County Office of Education. The school’s
purpose is to educate, train and develop youth leaders. The school focuses on youth who
can take advantage of broad-based educational approaches that combine a core academic
curriculum and a leadership development program. The Cesar E. Chavez School for
Social Change is committed to the principle of empowering youth to become positive,
Creating Safe Environments 5
successful young adults. Partnerships with local agencies, Cabrillo College and UC Santa
Cruz allow students to become familiar with local services. This experience helps
students gain the social skills, knowledge and awareness of local issues needed to provide
Barrios Unidos also runs an ongoing economic development project to provide jobs for
youth from local communities and to assist Barrios Unidos become economically self
training. The full service, custom silkscreening service called BU productions introduces
youth to the work culture and provides training in a marketable trade. Youth learn
production, sales, marketing, design, and administration work. Youth develop increased
self-esteem, leadership skills, a sense of accomplishment, pride in their work, and hope
for their future.
Barrios Unidos Chapters
Salinas CA, San Mateo CA, Yakima WA, Fresno CA, Santa Monica CA, Venice CA,
Chico CA, San Diego CA, Falls Church VA.
Daniel “Nane” Alejandrez, Director, or Otilio Quintero, Deputy Director, 1817 Soquel
Avenue, Santa Cruz, CA 95062, (831) 457-8208
Barrios Unidos website: www.barriosunidos.org.
Creating Safe Environments 6
Blueprint for a Safer Philadelphia
History and Mission
The Blueprint for a Safer Philadelphia was developed as a community-wide response to
the fatal shooting of a 10 year old boy who was killed while walking to school, caught in
the crossfire of rival neighborhood gangs. His death was another tragic reminder of the
violence that had overtaken some of Philadelphia neighborhoods. In response,
Representative Dwight Evans of the Pennsylvania State legislature convened a meeting
of legislators, law enforcement, and community leaders to discuss strategies to stop the
violence. After an intensive, wide-ranging, collaborative effort involving over 100
organizations and individuals, the Blueprint was released in November 2005. Funded by
over $16 million in state resources, the Blueprint provides Philadelphia with a roadmap
for the prevention of violence. The 10-year plan is a “commitment to unlearn [violent]
behavior and prevent its disastrous consequences” and to “end youth homicides in
Philadelphia by the 2016.”
Adolescents and young adults
The Blueprint’s ten initiatives are a combination of primary, secondary and tertiary
prevention measures including:
Expansion of the Youth Violence Reduction Partnership (YVRP), which focuses police,
probation, and social services on at-risk, violent offenders aged 24 and under;
Creation of the Safe Neighborhood Initiative (SNI), a new program in high-crime
neighborhoods that will partner police and probation officers in the intense supervision of
violent offenders ages 25 to 30.
Implementation of a program by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court to realign the
Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas criminal courts to focus its caseload on targeted
neighborhoods in a “zone court” system;
Creation of a “gun court” staffed by senior Pennsylvania Common Pleas Court judges
from throughout the Commonwealth and with an emphasis on intensive pre-trial and
post-trial follow-up and supervision as part of probation or parole;
Enactment of a five-year mandatory minimum term of imprisonment for possession of a
firearm during a drug trafficking crime like the federal law;
Enactment of legislation to strengthen existing state gun laws which prohibit former
felons from possessing firearms;
Creating Safe Environments 7
Enactment of legislation to create a five-year mandatory minimum term of imprisonment
for possession of a firearm by career criminals, (defendants with two convictions in any
court for serious drug offenses or violent crime), and a ten-year mandatory minimum for
defendants with three such convictions;
Full participation an initiative by the federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms
and the U.S. Attorney that would require all counties to submit evidence for state-wide
tracing of all seized firearms;
Institution of a city-wide, anti-violence education curriculum for middle school students
and community education by businesses and corporations to promote education and
safety on firearms;
Mobilization of faith-based groups and neighborhood organizations to develop anti-crime
programs and perform outreach to neighborhood youth, a strategy modeled on the
successful “Boston Miracle” initiative that reduced youth homicide in that city for almost
Linda Ford, (215) 549-0220, firstname.lastname@example.org
Blueprint website: www.pahouse.com/evans/blueprintreport.htm.
Creating Safe Environments 8
Calles/Mission Neighborhood Centers, Inc. (MNC)
San Francisco, CA
History and Mission
Mission Neighborhood Centers (MNC) has been meeting the changing needs of low-
income residents of San Francisco’ Mission District for over 40 years. The Center’s
mission is to empower children, youth, families and the elderly by offering quality
programs and services that meet their needs and promote self-sufficiency.
Young children, youth, seniors, recent immigrants
Overview of Youth Programs
MNC, through its Precita Valley Community Center, a multi-service youth center, offers
comprehensive, quality programming for youth ages 5 to 18 years old. The youth services
component is centered at MNC's Precita Center. The youth program serves
approximately 800 youth per year. Gender specific programming for girls include a
support group at the Youth Guidance Center, support groups for girls exiting the Youth
Guidance Center, case management services, client advocacy services and peer health
education program for young women. In addition, services are provided in several
elementary and middle school sites, including the RAP High School. This multi-service
youth center and alternative high school serve approximately 1,200 youth per year,
The Calles Program is one of three program units which comprise the Avenidas Project,
and provides for street outreach services during High Incidence Periods: Sunday through
Thursday: 3:00 to 8:00 PM; Friday and Saturday, 6:00 PM to 2:00 AM. The other two
"Avenida" units consist of Advocacy Services for youth and their families at Youth
Guidance Center, and Case Management services to same population.
The Calles Street Outreach component reinstates a community-based youth service that
essentially models the coming together of a community to immediately initiate a new
intervention strategy designed to reverse the tragic surge of gang violence in our
community. One of Calles' objectives is to organize youth to take responsibility of their
community and follows the youth development model. This proven effective approach
enables our staff to establish trust and provide response services, including immediate
intervention, street intervention; special activities that take place during peak hours and
provide a continuum of education, and health advocacy services. Sites providing these
services, in addition to MNC's Precita Center, are with the Columbia Park Boys and Girls
Club, San Francisco Parks and Recreation Department/ Mission Recreation Center, and
Tracy Brown-Gallardo, Director, Youth Services, Mission Neighborhood Centers, Inc.,
362 Capp Street, San Francisco CA 94110, (415) 206-2113
Calles website: www.mncsf.org
Creating Safe Environments 9
History and Mission
CeaseFire is a partnership between community-based organizations, residents, clergy, law
enforcement, business and civic leaders, and corporate and philanthropic organizations.
Together, these diverse groups focus on a single goal: to reduce violence in all forms in
targeted CeaseFire Zones within Chicago and other communities in Illinois. CeaseFire is
a program of the Chicago Project for Violence Prevention. Established in 1995, the
Chicago Project for Violence Prevention works with community, city, county, state, and
federal partners to reduce violence in Chicago and in other communities in Illinois and
throughout the nation. The mission of the Chicago Project is to: a) work with community
and government partners to reduce violence in all forms; and b) to better define what
should be included in a community or city anti-violence plans.
In its first 10 years of work, the Chicago Project has built the infrastructure for
community-level participation, community-government partnership, and for the
development of new roles for all partners, emphasizing community capacity building,
community organization roles, clergy roles, and police roles. CeaseFire is the first
initiative of the Chicago Project. It works with community-based organizations to
develop and implement strategies to reduce and prevent violence, particularly shootings
and killings. CeaseFire relies on outreach workers, faith leaders, and other community
leaders to intervene in conflicts, or potential conflicts, and promote alternatives to
violence. CeaseFire also involves cooperation with police and it depends heavily on a
strong public education campaign to instill in people the message that shootings and
violence are not acceptable. Finally, it calls for the strengthening of communities so they
have the capacity to exercise informal social control and respond to issues that affect
Chicago residents in designated neighborhoods
CeaseFire’s 8 Point Plan for Reducing Gun Homicides
1. Strong community coalitions
2. Unified message: No Shooting
3. Mediate and intervene in conflicts
4. Rapid responses to all shootings
5. Alternatives and linkages for most at-risk persons
6. Safe havens and programs for all youth
7. Penalties for gun use and gun trafficking
8. Ensure prosecutions
How CeaseFire Works
The Chicago Project forms specific coalitions with local communities, clergy and law
enforcement. These coalitions then take the following steps:
Creating Safe Environments 10
• High-risk persons are identified and notified that using guns is not tolerated, and
alternative means of resolving conflicts need to be found;
• Street-based outreach programs are developed to help at-risk persons access jobs, GED,
literacy programs, safety, counseling, and provide individualized alternatives;
• Conflicts are prevented and mediated;
• Safe havens and after-school programs are made available;
• Materials are distributed throughout the community notifying and constantly reminding
high-risk individuals of alternatives and risks;
• Pressure against illegal gun possession and use is increased within the community and
norms are changed about gun use;
• All shootings within the community are countered with rapid, coordinated, and
sustained responses by the residents, clergy and police;
• If needed, prosecutions and sentencings are ensured by the State Attorney's Office and
the U.S. Attorney's Office.
50% decrease in homicides in targeted neighborhoods by January 1, 2005
10% decrease in targeted neighborhoods annually in years 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
75% decrease in targeted neighborhoods in homicides by January 1, 2010
5% decrease in targeted neighborhoods annually in years 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
How is CeaseFire Doing?
According to CeaseFire, police zones implementing the program experienced reductions
in shootings compared to neighboring police zones and comparison police zones. During
the first implementation year, CeaseFire beats saw 22-67% reductions in shootings while
neighboring beats saw reductions of 18-39%, and comparison beats experienced (-)19-
(+)29% in shootings. Since implementation (2000-2004) CeaseFire zones have
experienced reductions from 63-80% depending on the police beat.
Gary Slutkin, Executive Director, (312) 996-5524, email@example.com
Chicago Ceasefire website: www.ceasefirechicago.org
Chicago Ceasefire is an RWJF grantee (Local Initiatives Funding Partners)
Creating Safe Environments 11
Child Witness to Violence Project (CWVP)
History and Mission
CWVP, at Boston Medical Center, Department of Developmental and Behavioral
Pediatrics, is a counseling, advocacy, and outreach project that focuses on the
growing number of young children who are hidden victims of violence: children
who are bystanders to community and domestic violence. The project began in
1992 and currently counsels over 100 children and their families each year, in
addition to implementing both national and state-focused training for health care
professionals, police, educators, and many other social service professionals who
confront issues of children who witness violence. CWVP is listed as an outstanding
program in the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and has also
been highlighted as an innovative program by the U.S. Department of Justice.
The goals of CWVP include: identifying young children who witness acts of
significant violence; helping young children heal from the trauma of witnessing
violence by providing developmentally appropriate counseling for them and for
their families; and providing consultation and training to the network of caregivers
in the lives of young children in order that they may more effectively help children
who are exposed to violence.
CWVP provides mental health services to families affected by domestic violence, and
training and resources nationally to mental health clinicians, teachers, early childhood
professionals, attorneys and judges. CWVP often is involved in national collaboration to
enhance research and training, as well as local community efforts. Its curriculum, Shelter
from the Storm addresses the comprehensive range of topics needed by child mental
health clinicians to provide sensitive and helpful services to children and families. The
CWVP is a distributor of the Safe Havens Training Curriculum developed by Family
Communications, Inc., producers of Mister Roger's Neighborhood, which helps early
childhood educators work with young children affected by community violence. Hope
and Healing is a new resource guide for early childhood professionals who care for
children in a variety of early care and education settings. The authors define trauma and
help readers recognize its effects on young children. The Guide also offers tips,
resources, and proven intervention strategies for working with traumatized children and
their families and for managing stress.
Betsy McAlister Groves, LICSW, Director, Child Witness to Violence Project, Boston
Medical Center, (617) 414-4244
CWVP website: www.childwitnesstoviolence.org
Creating Safe Environments 12
Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in the Schools (CBITS)
Los Angeles, CA
History and Mission
The CBITS program is a skills-based group intervention designed to address symptoms
of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, and general anxiety in children.
The program was developed in 1998 by researchers and clinicians at the Rand
Corporation, University of California, Los Angeles Health Services Research Center and
the Mental Health Services division of the Los Angeles Unified School District
(LAUSD). CBITS was created as an early intervention program for children exposed to
violence to reduce the emotional and behavioral consequences of such exposure.
Children ages 10 to 15 who have been exposed to a wide range of community violence.
Designed for use in schools by school based mental health professionals who receive
training and ongoing supervision from a local clinician, CBITS was developed in close
collaboration with school staff and administrators to alleviate behaviors that interfere
with learning and regular school attendance. Students are identified through self-report by
responding to a screening tool that measures levels of exposure to community violence
and the degree of impact. Initially the program was offered to recent immigrant children
in LAUSD. Latino immigrants who participated in the program reported reduced PTSD
symptoms and depressive symptoms compared to waiting-list controls. Program
replication in the general school population showed similar results, as well as improved
psychosocial functioning by parent report.
CBITS has been implemented in elementary and middle schools across the country, with
bicultural and bilingual students (Spanish, Russian, Armenian, Korean), and multicultural
urban and rural populations, including Native American adolescents. The program
consists of ten group counseling sessions conducted once a week in the school setting and
includes education about reactions to trauma, skills in relaxation, cognitive therapy, and
real life stress or trauma exposure. In addition, participants receive one to three individual
counseling sessions. It also includes two parent sessions and a teacher education session.
Case management services are added as needed. A randomized control trial of CBITS
found reduced PTSD symptoms and depression among participants.
Marleen Wong, Ph.D., Director, LAUSD Crisis Counseling Services, Phone: (213) 241-
Creating Safe Environments 13
San Francisco, CA
History and Mission
Community Works/California (CW) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to using the
arts and education as a catalyst for change among underserved populations in the San
Francisco Bay Area.
CW uses the arts to forge links between diverse cultures and communities, improve
educational attainment, increase self-empowerment and social responsibility, and foster
community development. CW collaborates with artists from diverse backgrounds, races,
and disciplines to achieve these goals. CW primarily serves incarcerated populations and
at-risk youth, offering arts programming at San Francisco County Jails and post-release
facilities, as well as schools, after-school programs, and juvenile detention sites. Many
CW programs culminate in public art exhibits or performances.
Elementary, middle and high school students
Children of incarcerated parents
Young women in juvenile detention
Offenders in San Francisco County jails
Community Works initiated its Youth Arts Education program in 1997, offering arts
programming in a variety of disciplines to at-risk youth in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Youth Arts programming includes both in-school and after-school activities in
elementary, middle, and high schools throughout the Bay Area, as well as at San
Francisco's Youth Guidance Center. ROOTS is an expressive arts and education program
for children of incarcerated parents in two San Francisco public schools. ROOTS seeks to
break the cycle of intergenerational incarceration by providing positive interventions in
the lives of those who are underserved. ROOTS provides young people with ongoing in-
school and after-school music therapy, drama, and visual arts workshops. ROOTS also
provides services to their caregivers and their families, and facilitates in-jail parent-child
visits where appropriate.
Making a Difference projects honor and celebrate community heroes whose vision,
courage, and dedication have enriched us all. Conducted in classrooms and after-school
settings, as well as other community sites, the projects engage students from grades 8
through 12 in writing and visual arts activities about individuals who made or are making
significant changes in their communities or professions. These activities include
interviews, poetry, prose, photography, murals, bookmaking, and theater pieces, and
culminate in public exhibitions or performances. The projects support the California
Academic Content Standards for English, History, and Social Science classes through in-
depth contextualized study of local heroes using literary visual arts. Teachers and
Community Works artists collaborate to enrich curricula to enhance students’
understanding and appreciation of both unsung and well-known heroes. Making a
Creating Safe Environments 14
Difference projects include: The Long Walk to Freedom, Japanese American Internment
Project, Rosie the Riveter, and Women Making a Difference.
CW provides a variety of gender-specific expressive arts programs for young women at
Youth Guidance Center, San Francisco's juvenile detention facility. CW programs
include music therapy, visual arts activities, creative writing, and video workshops. The
Young Women's Internship Program is a detention diversion program for at-risk
adolescent girls (ages 12 to 17) who have entered or had contact with the juvenile justice
system. In partnership with Girls' Services of the Juvenile Probation Department, CW
provides a comprehensive network of services including case management,
multidisciplinary arts programming, and group facilitation designed to engage young
women and empower them to become successful. The internship culminates in a
graduation ceremony and an exhibition of artwork created by participants.
Community Works Director Ruth Morgan developed the nationally renowned San
Francisco Sheriff's Department Jail Arts Program in 1979. Since founding CW as an
independent nonprofit in 1994, Morgan has continued and expanded Jail Arts
programming, bringing a diversity of artists in a wide variety of disciplines into the San
Francisco County Jail and post-release facilities. The San Francisco Sheriff's
Department's Resolve to Stop the Violence Project (RSVP) is an innovative violence
prevention program in the San Francisco County Jail and at post-release facilities.
Recognizing that violent criminals cause harm not only to their victims, but also to their
communities and to themselves, RSVP is based on the principles of Restorative Justice:
offender accountability, victim/survivor restoration, and community involvement. As a
service provider for RSVP, Community Works provides offenders and ex-offenders with
expressive arts programs, education programs covering such issues as parenting and
substance abuse, and case management. CW also provides a variety of empowerment
programs to victims/survivors of violence, both in jail and in the community.
Community Works/New York City
Ruth Morgan, Executive Director, 1605 Bonita Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94709
425 7th Street, San Francisco, CA 94102, 415-575-4460
Community Works website: www.community-works-ca.org
Creating Safe Environments 15
The Family Violence Prevention Fund
San Francisco, CA
History and Mission
The Family Violence Prevention Fund (FVPF) works to prevent violence within the
home and in the community to help those whose lives are affected by violence because
everyone has the right to live free of violence. For more than two decades, the FVPF has
worked to end violence against women and children around the world. FVPF was
instrumental in developing the landmark national Violence Against Women Act in 1994,
and continued to break new ground by reaching new audiences including men and youth,
promoting leadership within communities to ensure that violence prevention efforts
become self-sustaining, and transforming the way health care providers, police, judges,
employers and others address violence.
National advocacy and policy development organization.
FVPF’s programs include public education campaigns that have reached millions of
people, and innovative policies, advocacy, prevention, education and training programs
that help lawmakers, health care providers, judges, employers and others stop violence
and help victims. FVPF programs have been replicated in all 50 states and around the
world. FVPF’s most recent initiatives, the "Coaching Boys Into Men" and "Founding
Fathers" campaigns, invite men to teach boys that violence against women and children is
For more than a decade, the FVPF's highly successful National Health Initiative on
Domestic Violence has been improving the health care response to domestic violence
through public policy reform and health education and prevention efforts. The Initiative
develops educational resources, training materials and model protocols on domestic
violence and screening to help health care providers better serve battered women.
FVPF is also working to address dating violence. Through outreach to boys and men,
work in the schools, and public service campaigns aimed at youth, FVPF is helping to
keep teens safe and stop violence before it ever begins. FVPF also strives to enhance
service interventions and community action strategies to provide safety and security for
all family members and prevent child abuse and violence against women from re-
occurring. Through a myriad of projects including qualitative research with survivors and
activists, community organizing efforts, and work to engage fathers, FVPF listens to
families to create viable strategies for changing the social and institutional norms that
perpetuate family violence.
The Immigrant Women's Rights Project recognizes the unique challenges facing
immigrant women as they struggle for safety in this country. The program educates
women about their rights and develops their leadership so that they can become involved
in changing policies that affect them. As emerging leaders, they play a critical role in
Creating Safe Environments 16
supporting other women, informing institutions on their needs, demanding accessible
services and teaching their peers how to address domestic violence and sexual assault.
Esta Soler, President, 383 Rhode Island St., Suite #304,
San Francisco, CA 94103-5133, (415) 252-8900
Family Violence Prevention Fund website: www.endabuse.org
Creating Safe Environments 17
Long Island, NY
History and Mission
The GET.A.VOICE™ Project provides schools with the framework and tools to
proactively address the impact of language by empowering students to be leaders, to
make a difference, and to be voices of courage and respect in their interactions and in
their lives. The GET.A.VOICE™ Project envisions school communities where respectful
language is central to academic learning and social interactions and where students feel
safe, valued and connected.
The GET.A.VOICE Project involves children at the elementary and middle-school level
(K – 9th grade) and the entire school community through the involvement of
administrators, teachers, special area teachers, guidance counselors, psychologists, social
workers, monitors, aids, parents, teacher assistants, secretaries, librarians, nurses, bus
drivers, and coaches.
Created by Dr. Laurie Mandel, an educator in the Three Village Central School District in
New York, the GET.A.VOICE Project is about “shifting thinking.” by raising awareness,
intercepting hurtful language, and empowering students to stand up and challenge others
in a kind, respectful way. GET.A.VOICE is designed to create a culture of engagement
and involvement in the school community. In practice, students are encouraged to use
positive language and behavior with their peers to create a school environment that is
safe, non-violent and respectful for all. Teachers and other adults working in the school
community also participate in the program, modeling behavior and serving as examples
for students. The project is not limited to the classroom environment: since all children
and adults are involved, positive behavior and language is encouraged at all times, from
all the members of the school community. Youth are able to practice respect and non-
violence throughout the course of the school day, in an environment where such positive
behavior is the norm rather than the exception.
Many school-based programs focus on preventing physical violence among youth, but
very few focus on changing the culture of the school itself. GET.A.VOICE is unique in
that it addresses the power of language to re-shape how the entire school community –
not just the children themselves – thinks and addresses violence. By focusing on language
and behavior, the program promotes the ultimate primary prevention practice: preventing
verbal violence by emphasizing the need for a positive and safe school environment,
which is achieved through the behavior and leadership of its students. One of the greatest
strengths of the program is that it encourages action from all members of the community.
Because there is a common approach, using common language and tools, and with a
common expectation, the program is highly effective in reducing verbal violence. As
noted by Dr. Mandel, “when the students are assured they’re not alone [in addressing
these issues], they become really interested and active in the program.”
Creating Safe Environments 18
The key feature of GET.A.VOICE that makes it unique is its focus on the power of
language to empower students (and adults alike) to become active members in shaping
the health and safety of their community. Four features of the program make
GET.A.VOICE a promising practice in engaging a school community in primary
violence prevention: (1) it is user friendly; (2) it is inclusive; (3) it helps adults address
the problem of verbal violence with consistency; and (4) it encourages all to become
involved. The program invites widespread participation from adults in the school
community, and puts them on par with the students in terms of expectations of respectful
behavior. This involvement of the whole school community is seen as the core of the
success in addressing the issue of bullying and promoting character and respect among
youth. As a result, students become leaders in creating a safe, non-violent and respectful
culture within their school.
GET.A.VOICE™ is currently implemented in six different school districts across Long
Island, New York. The program was piloted in the Three Village Central School District,
and now is ongoing in five other school districts as well: Comsewogue, Island Trees,
Middle Country, Sachem and Smithtown.
Dr. Laurie Mandel, Project Director, Murphy Junior High School, Three Village Central
School District, (631)331-1178, firstname.lastname@example.org
GET.A.VOICE™ website: www.getavoice.net
Creating Safe Environments 19
Los Angeles, CA
History and Mission
In 1988 Father Gregory Boyle started Jobs for a Future, a community program that
helped at-risk and former gang involved youth to become contributing members of the
community through a variety of services in response to their multiple needs. Free
programs, including counseling, education, tattoo removal, job training and job
placement enabled young people to redirect their lives and provide them with hope for
their futures. In 1992, as a response to the civil unrest in Los Angeles, Father Boyle
folded Jobs for a Future into a larger program called Homeboy Industries. Homeboy
Industries creates businesses that provide training, work experience, and the opportunity
for rival gang members to work side by side. Homeboy Industries now includes the
economic development enterprises: Homeboy Bakery, Homeboy Silkscreen,
Homeboy/Homegirl Merchandise, Homeboy Graffiti Removal, Homeboy Maintenance,
and Homeboy Landscaping.
Former gang members, parolees, and at-risk youth.
Homeboy's job developers work to foster relationships with local businesses and search
for employers who are willing to work with parolees or former gang members. Through
collaboration with the Cathedral of Los Angeles, Homeboy offers a special program for
young people, called Work Is Noble (WIN). In this program, young people are assigned
to work in a local business in an area in which they have expressed interest, and
Homeboy covers their salary. This program not only teaches the young men and women
that there are constructive alternatives to life on the streets, but also gives them real work
experience, preferably in a company that then may hire them after the program.
Many of clients face severe challenges adjusting to life outside the gangs. Many are
struggling to overcome abusive or dysfunctional home situations, or are trying to
transition to life outside prison or detention camps. Youth on probation are court-
mandated to have mental health counseling. Homeboy has male and female counselors
who are able to offer counseling services free of charge, and case managers support
clients in transition and re-entry. Homeboy's array of education and training includes
basic education, life skills, financial management, and writing workshops.
Father Greg Boyle, 1916 East 1st Street, Los Angeles, CA 90033, (323) 526-1254
Homeboy Industries website, www.homeboy-industries.org
Creating Safe Environments 20
I Can Problem Solve
History and Mission
I Can Problem Solve (ICPS), formerly Interpersonal Cognitive Problem Solving, is a
school-based intervention that trains children in generating a variety of solutions to
interpersonal problems by considering the consequences of these solutions and
recognizing thoughts, feelings, and motives that generate problem situations. By teaching
children how to think, rather than what to think, the program changes thinking styles and
enhances children’s social adjustment, promotes pro-social behavior, and decreases
impulsivity and inhibition.
Although the program is appropriate for all children, it is especially effective for young
(age 4-5), poor, and urban students who may be at highest risk for behavioral
dysfunctions and interpersonal maladjustment.
The program was originally designed for use in nursery school and kindergarten, but has
also been successfully implemented with children in grades 5 and 6. Throughout the
intervention, instructors utilize pictures, role-playing, puppets, and group interaction to
help develop students’ thinking skills, and children’s own lives and problems are used as
examples when teachers demonstrate problem-solving techniques.
Small groups of 6-10 children receive training for approximately 3 months. The
intervention begins with 10-12 lessons that teach students basic skills and problem-
solving language. This is followed by a focus on identifying feelings and becoming
sensitive to others’ emotions. Students learn to recognize people’s feelings in problem
situations and realize that they can influence others’ responses. Additional interventions
utilize role-playing games and dialogue to promote problem-solving skills. Students
generate solutions to hypothetical problem situations and consider the possible
consequences to their decisions.
An evaluation of ICPS that included nursery and kindergarten students revealed
significant benefits for intervention students. Immediately following and one year after
the program ended, ICPS children, compared to control students, demonstrated:
Less impulsive and inhibited classroom behavior, and
Better problem-solving skills.
A five-year study including inner-city, low income children in nursery school and
kindergarten demonstrated that intervention children, compared to control students, had:
Improved classroom behavior and problem-solving skills, even 3-4 years after the
A replication with fifth and sixth grade students found that ICPS children, compared to a
control group, demonstrated:
Creating Safe Environments 21
More positive, prosocial behaviors;
Healthier relationships with peers; and
Better problem-solving skills.
Myrna B. Shure, Ph.D., Drexel University, 245 North 15th Street, MS 626, Philadelphia,
PA 19102, (215) 762-7205, email@example.com
ICPS website: www.thinkingchild.com/icps.htm
I Can Problem Solve is a Blueprints Promising Program
Creating Safe Environments 22
Institute for Community Peace
History and Mission
The Institute for Community Peace (ICP) serves as a leading national organization
working to prevent violence and promote peace. ICP is guided by three fundamental
beliefs: that violence is preventable, peace is possible, and that both are best achieved
through community-driven strategies that demonstrate the power of collective local
action. ICP promotes safe, healthy, and peaceful homes and communities by mobilizing
community resources and leadership. ICP supports strategies that emphasize resident
engagement and community empowerment and expanded national attention to the range
of factors that contribute to and prevent violence and promote peace. ICP is formerly the
National Funding Collaborative on Violence Prevention (NFCVP). NFCVP became ICP
ICP began its community work as a funding collaborative supporting seven
demonstration sites with the goal of developing and testing locally driven models to
demonstrate that peace is possible and violence is preventable. The work has expanded to
three primary program areas and a variety of initiatives: 1) Discovery – exploring
emerging issues in violence prevention through demonstration and research, and
partnering with communities to test and advance strategies for sustaining peace; 2)
Cultivation – translating lessons from practice and research into capacity building
programs and activities for practitioners, trainers, evaluators, funders and policy makers;
and 3) Transformation – reframing policies and messages to provide public education,
information and advocacy that embrace community peace as a national norm.
ICP’s work is guided by four operating principles:
• Violence is preventable and is a symptom of larger problems that span multiple
ecological levels. To Reduce or eliminate violence, we must address its root
• Collaboration, when used properly, is an effective vehicle for organizing
communities, engaging all sectors, developing comprehensive visions and
building safe environments.
• Solutions for community violence are best developed locally through community
engagement where those closest to social problems make decisions about the
funding, development, implementation and evaluation of strategies to address
• Sustaining accomplishments requires attention paid not only to leveraging
resources and attention toward violence, but also to transforming the way
communities and our country respond to its threat.
Creating Safe Environments 23
Using those principles, ICP generates increased national and local support for violence
prevention; encourages communities to undertake local violence prevention initiatives as
well as to participate in a national violence prevention effort; develops coordinated,
interdisciplinary plans and programs to prevent and reduce violence in selected
communities or neighborhoods; stimulates effective collaborations involving public,
private and nonprofit sectors; builds local capacity for leadership and collaboration on
violence prevention; improves the effectiveness of philanthropic efforts to prevent
violence through the sharing resources, best practices and evaluation strategies; and
increases grantmakers' awareness of the crisis of violence, the importance of violence
initiatives targeted toward primary prevention, and the prospects for establishing
effective national advocacy.
Linda Bowen, Executive Director, 1522 K Street, NW, Suite 1100, Washington, DC
20005, (202)-393-7731, firstname.lastname@example.org
Institute for Community Peace website: www.peacebeyondviolence.org
Creating Safe Environments 24
Living in a Nonviolent Community (LINC)
San Francisco, CA
History and Mission
The purpose of LINC’s is to create a systematic and comprehensive clinical program that
addresses the needs of children who witness violence. LINC was developed in 1999 at
University of California, San Francisco in the Department of Pediatrics. The program was
a response to high levels of family and community violence in the hospital’s patient
population and local neighborhood. LINC is now a program of the UCSF National Center
of Excellence in Women's Health in partnership with Department of Psychiatry at San
Francisco General Hospital with a central mission to reduce the incidence of intimate
partner violence (IPV) and its impact on children, youth, and their families.
Children in San Francisco ages birth to 18 and their families who have been affected by
violence, as well as pregnant women who are or have been in a violent relationship.
From its inception, the founders of LINC were committed to a multilevel community
approach based on a belief that violence is preventable and that long standing cycles of
violence can be broken. LINC benefits from the clinical expertise of the Child Trauma
Research Project, in the UCSF Department of Psychiatry, which provides therapy for
preschool age children and their mothers affected by IPV, conducts research and trains
professionals in trauma treatment. LINC is a part of the San Francisco Safe Start
Initiative in the Mayor's Office Department of Children Youth and Families that provides
advocacy and case management services throughout the city to families with young
children 0-5 who have been exposed to family or community violence. At LINC, the
Family Advocate provides emotional support, information, and advocacy for the patient
seeking to protect her child from the violence in her life. Moreover, research shows that
when medical providers have a resource person to whom they can refer a patient who
discloses IPV, they are much more likely to screen for IPV. Knowing the risks of IPV to
patient health, to fetal development, to child development, to family and community
health, LINC continues to be committed to educating providers about the health
consequences of exposure to violence, and views the role of the Advocate in the health
care system as a very effective prevention tool.
Miriam Martinez, PhD, Clinical Director and Director of the Division of Infant, Child &
Adolescent Psychiatry, San Francisco General Hospital, (415) 206-6935, LINC office
LINC website: www.ucsf.edu/linc
Creating Safe Environments 25
Los Angeles Commission on Assaults Against Women (LACAAW)
Los Angeles, CA
History and Mission
LACAAW is a non-profit, multi-cultural, feminist, community-based organization. Its
mission is the elimination of violence against women, youth and children through
working for social change, equality and social justice. Since 1971, LACAAW has served
the Los Angeles community, empowering survivors of sexual assault, domestic violence
and child abuse.
Women, children, adolescents, and men in the Los Angeles area.
LACAAW began in 1971: a woman was raped on Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles.
Shocked by the lack of services and poor treatment, six of her friends were determined to
educate the community about the realities of sexual assault. Thus began the first rape
crisis program in southern California. By 1973, these women had joined with others who
were voluntarily answering crisis calls in their homes, and formed a task force to
organize a 24-hour crisis services hotline, city sponsored prevention education, and
improved legislation. This group became an advisory committee to then Los Angeles
City Councilwoman Pat Russell, and the Los Angeles Commission on Assaults Against
Women was born.
Though LACAAW worked closely with elected officials to achieve its goals, the agency
maintained a community-based connection and incorporated as a non-profit 501-c-3 in
1976. Shortly afterwards – in response to an increase in calls from battered women –
LACAAW's hotline was officially renamed the "L.A. Rape & Battering Hotline" and
established new services. Non-profit status brought state and private contributions, which
made it possible to develop new counselor training, research, and community education
Because this violence takes many forms and exists on many levels of society, LACAAW
has adopted several approaches to effect social change: education, prevention, and
intervention. They believe that self-defense is the most effective mode of self-protection,
that peer counseling is the most effective mode of intervention, and that education is vital
to preventing abusive relationships. LACAAW works to improve the quality of life for all
people in a patriarchal society that ranks the concerns of women and children as a low
priority. They believe that everyone should be free from the oppression of sexual and
domestic violence. By improving the lives of women and girls we hope to improve the
lives of men and boys.
They are sensitive to the historical and sociological status of women in our culture and
believe in the importance of empowering women, youth and children with the greatest
range of options and with making their own choices about social, reproductive, or other
Creating Safe Environments 26
They believe that violence is preventable and recognize that ending violence against
women, youth and children will require energy, support, and commitment from multiple
groups in our society. LACAAW is part of a large network of people active against
violence, and thus its work cannot be separate from the awareness and repudiation of
sexism, racism, ageism, homophobia, discrimination against people with disabilities, and
other forms of oppression.
LACAAW provides intervention services for Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault,
Prevention services in schools and juvenile halls to educate people while they are still
young, and self-defense training. They also provide immigrant and culture specific
services, and services for men; teens; gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered
populations; and the disabled.
Patti Giggans, Executive Director, 605 West Olympic Boulevard, Suite 400,
Los Angeles, CA 90015, (213) 955-9090
LACAAW website: www.lacaaw.org
Creating Safe Environments 27
San Francisco, CA
History and Mission
manalive violence prevention programs train batterers to stop their violence in
community and jail settings and trains batterer intervention agency staff in the manalive
model of violence prevention. The goal is to help men stop their violence and recruit
successful graduates to become community violence prevention and restoration activists.
The manalive system of batterer interventions was developed in 1980 for Marin Abused
Women's Services in San Rafael CA in response to women's experience of violence and
their urgent need for it to stop.
Men, youth and women involved in intimate partner violence
Over the last twenty years, more than ten thousand men have attended manalive classes.
Today, local manalive programs offer more than fifty classes in rural, suburban, and
urban Northern California, including classes in Spanish and Cantonese. Youth alive
violence prevention and intervention classes for high school students are held in San
Francisco. In addition, there are classes in the San Francisco City Sheriff's Department
jails and in California State Prison at San Quentin. Each year over 5,000 men participate
in these classes, and each month approximately 150 men call the 24-hour crisis hotline
operated by volunteers of the Men's Program in Marin County. Numerous intervention
programs across the country and in Canada, Scotland, England, Mexico, and Australia
have incorporated manalive methods.
manalive also runs peer-led community programs that are neighborhood-based violence
intervention programs for men who have communication, anger, and violence issues
related to their need to control and coerce their intimates. Probation Departments, Parole
Agencies, Child Protective Services, family service agencies, therapists, and couples and
family counselors may refer their clients to this program. Classes are provided in
Cantonese and Spanish as well as English. Womanalive is a program for women who are
violent and have communication, anger or violence issues. There is a separate class for
women who are victims of violence. Youthalive is a program for young men and women
with attitude and behavior problems related to communication, anger or violence.
Violence prevention classes are held during high school hours, and violence intervention
classes are held after school. The Neighborhood Violence Specialist program recruits
graduates of manalive violence prevention programs and trainings to facilitate programs
and trainings in neighborhood and community settings. In this way, graduates earn a
viable living for themselves and their families while at the same time helping to restore
their neighborhoods and communities.
manalive also participates in the San Francisco Sheriff's Department’s Resolve to Stop the
Violence Program (RSVP) program for men arrested for domestic violence with ten years
prior record of assault, and for men charged with general violence offenses. RSVP is a
Creating Safe Environments 28
victim/survivor-driven restorative justice program that re-educates men about their
violence and how to stop it in preparation for restoring their victims, their neighborhoods
and themselves. manalive offers a wide variety of trainings for professionals serving
violators, victims and their families. Topics include gender role theory of violence,
principles of restorative justice, gang intervention, mentoring. Participants include police
officers, probation and parole officers, judges, lawyers, youth workers, mental health
workers, teachers, school administrators, employee assistance program staff, university
faculty, drug and alcohol counselors, community-based organizations and researchers.
Hamish Sinclair, Executive Director, 3338 Seventeenth Street, Suite 202, San Francisco,
CA 94110, (415)861-8614
manalive website: www.manaliveinternational.org
Creating Safe Environments 29
Million Mom March Chapters
History and Mission
The Million Mom March (MMM) is a national chapter organization housed at the Brady
Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. The first March in Washington D.C. in 2000 grew
out of a desire to provide a voice for victims and survivors of gun violence, and for
mothers (and others) to express concern for the growing rates of gun violence, especially
among youth. Interest in the movement was so strong that MMM became its own
nonprofit with chapters springing up across the country. To-date there have been 3 or 4
Marches. There are 75 chapters from Oregon to Texas to New York. Some states have
chapters in several cities.
Victims and survivors of gun violence nationally
The Million Mom March Chapters believe that:
• All Americans have the right to be safe from gun violence in their homes,
neighborhoods, schools, and places of work and worship.
• All children have the right to grow up in environments free from the threat of gun
• Gun violence is a public health crisis that harms not only the physical, but also the
spiritual, social, and economic health of our families and communities.
• The availability and lethality of guns make death or severe injury more likely in
domestic violence, criminal activity, suicide attempts, and unintentional
• It is possible to reduce the number of deaths and injuries caused by gun violence
with reasonable, common sense policy.
Million Mom March Chapters work locally in five programmatic areas:
1. Federal Legislation and Elections
Million Mom March Chapters work to pass sensible gun laws (and prevent the demise of
current gun laws) on the Federal level. Current Federal legislative priorities include a
national initiative to childproof all new handguns by 2015. Chapters also work on
electing Federal candidates who support sensible gun laws.
2. State Legislation and Elections
State legislation builds momentum toward passing Federal legislation and helps to build
the movement while protecting lives in each state. Chapters also work to elect local and
state candidates to help pass (or move forward) their legislative goals.
3. Education and Awareness
Education is a key component of the Chapters’ work. MMM educational priorities
Creating Safe Environments 30
• Educating adults about the economic, spiritual, and health toll of gun death and
injury, including domestic violence, suicide, and unintentional shootings.
• Educating the public about the need for childproof guns that will prevent child
gun death and injury.
• Educating parents and other adults about the dangers of keeping firearms in the
home; encouraging adults who chose to keep a firearm to store their gun locked
and unloaded, with the ammunition stored separately; and encouraging parents to
ask if guns are safely stored at places where their children play and visit.
4. Linking with Victims
Million Mom March Chapters work to appropriately incorporate the authentic
experiences of victims and co-victims into the movement to prevent firearm injury and
5. Coalition Building/Community Outreach
Chapters are encouraged to work with other gun violence prevention groups, health
organizations, victims groups, law enforcement, school groups, religious communities,
and the business community. By connecting across sectors of the community, Chapter
activities become more effective.
Million Mom March, 1225 Eye Street, N.W., Suite 1100, Washington, D.C. 20005, (888)
Million Mom March website: www.millionmommarch.org
Creating Safe Environments 31
Movement Strategy Center
History and Mission
Movement Strategy Center (MSC) is committed to advancing the next generation of
leaders for a sustainable progressive movement. MSC builds local, regional and national
networks of young activists across issues, constituencies and geographies. MSC helps
activists to develop the skills, culture, analysis and vision to work together in broad,
cohesive alliances—with a strong emphasis on the leadership of base-building groups
working to address the needs of communities.
Young people, low income communities and communities of color.
The new social change movements of the 21st Century, strongly influenced by the
leadership of young people, are redefining how we organize and work together for
justice. History has shown that alliances are challenging, but crucial, to claiming political
and community power in this country. In the struggle for racial, economic, environmental
and social justice, the Movement Strategy Center is creating new answers to the question:
How do we work together more effectively?
Movement Strategy Center works in the following ways:
Movement Action Planning: MSC works with coalitions of groups and individual leaders
to build shared long-term visions and alliances that bridge divisions. MSC supports
groups in shifting from an organization-based perspective to a movement-based
perspective in working together.
Just Consulting Network: MSC has developed a network of consultants who incorporate
a social justice framework into organizational capacity building and transformation. Our
consulting network supports organizations to do the strategic planning and organizational
development necessary to be sustainable and strong.
Spirit In Motion: MSC recognizes that tending to personal wellbeing is key to staying
active in the movement throughout our lives. MSC’s sustainable organizing program
provides an integration of personal, professional and political support for organizers to
make this imaginable and possible.
Advancing Successful Strategies: MSC conducts in-depth research documenting inspiring
stories and strategies from the field, then shares these learnings by spotlighting them in
publications, presentations and alliance work. For example, Making Space Making
Change is the only available guide for understanding youth-led organizations and their
place in the contemporary youth movement. The guides tells the stories of five youth-led
and youth-driven organizations from around the U.S. – how they started, build youth
leadership and power, deal with challenges, and make real change in their communities.
Creating Safe Environments 32
Field Building: MSC works with funders to increase the resources going to youth
organizing and alliance building, and to other progressive movement work. New
movement building funding strategies help develop the collaborative practices MSC
Taj James, Executive Director, 1611 Telegraph Ave., Suite 510
Oakland, CA 94612, (510) 444-0640, email@example.com
Movement Strategy Center website: www.movementstrategy.org
Creating Safe Environments 33
New Mexico Forum for Youth in Community
History and Mission
The New Mexico Forum for Youth in Community (NMFYC) functions as an
intermediary focused on promoting positive youth development practices and principles
throughout New Mexico, with the goal of ensuring that young adults are fully prepared
for the workforce and life. Serving as facilitative leaders, the NMFYC offers capacity
building, systems alignment, training, and technical assistance to youth serving
organizations and youth development practitioners.
Youth serving organizations and youth in New Mexico
Through its broad emphasis on positive youth development, the Forum serves as a state-
level intermediary organization providing a cohesive vision for the field of youth-serving
organizations. In addition to being a consistent resource for meaningful networking,
collaborations, updates on the latest developments, and general support of youth-serving
organizations, the Forum also involves youth in organizational initiatives.
The Forum is a public/private partnership that advances the well-being of young people
by changing how young people are viewed and responded to by communities and major
social institutions; developing local and state-wide strategies that engage youth in a wide
variety of positive and constructive activities; instilling a sense of long-term hope,
aspiration, and sense of real possibility; advocating for policies and funding streams that
support young people's full development; and creating policy and initiatives that directly
impact opportunities for youth.
In addition, NMFYC provides a forum for communication between policymakers,
funders, and the practice community with the goal of improving services and
strengthening programming for youth. Through youth voice and an asset-based approach
to varied decision-making processes the Forum hopes to build a unified youth
development field in New Mexico.
The Forum also works closely with the Children's Cabinet, a state-level multiple agency
collaborative, to move its agenda forward in a way that is based on connections to the
field of youth development. The overarching emphasis is on using Forum resources –
human, material, and monetary – in efficient and effective ways to produce sustainable
results that benefit youth.
Everette Hill, Executive Director, 924 Park Avenue SW, Suite D, Albuquerque
New Mexico 87102, (505) 821-3574, firstname.lastname@example.org
New Mexico Forum for Youth in Community website: www.nmforumforyouth.org
Creating Safe Environments 34
Long Beach, CA
History and Mission
Founded in 1992 by educators, parents and psychologists in Arizona, Peacebuilders is a
school-based, youth violence prevention program that creates a peaceful, productive and
safe classroom and campus climate for children, parents, staff and the community. A
common language is developed around six targeted effective principles that empower
children and adults to work through situations such as bullying and put-downs.
Students, teachers, parents, and community workers.
Dedicated to pro-active prevention, PeaceBuilders has transformed the climate of more
than 600 schools and organizations throughout the U.S. and U.S. territories into peaceful,
productive, and safe places for children, parents, staff, administrators, and the
community. PeaceBuilders addresses risk factors, which predict violence, bullying, drug
use, and other factors that can hinder a safe and positive environment. By recognizing
these factors, the PeaceBuilders program can raise academic achievement, help develop
positive social skills, and build character using simple, research-based tools.
PeaceBuilders teaches six basic principles: praise people, give up put-downs, seek wise
people, notice hurts, right wrongs, and help others. Studies have shown that participation
in the PeaceBuilders program reduces aggression, promotes language skills, creates a
sense of inclusion for special needs children, increases parenting skills, and fosters safer
communities. School administrators report significant decreases in suspensions, office
referrals, disruptive incidents, creating a calmer feeling and less friction among students.
The key element of its success is that it is not a curriculum; rather it is an umbrella under
which schools operate every day. PeaceBuilders teaches adults to respond to conflict in a
nonviolent way, thereby modeling for the students how to be builders of peace wherever
they are – in school, at home or in the community.
PeaceBuilders website: www.peacebuilders.com
Creating Safe Environments 35
The Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape (PCAR)
History and Mission
The Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape works at the state and national levels to
eliminate all forms of sexual violence and advocate for the rights and needs of victims of
sexual assault. Established in 1975, PCAR continues to use its voice to challenge public
attitudes, raise public awareness, and effect critical changes in public policy, protocols,
and responses to sexual violence.
Sexual assault victims and their families.
PCAR and its statewide network of 52 rape crisis centers work to provide quality services
to victims/survivors of sexual violence and their significant others and to create public
awareness and prevention education within their communities. In addition to providing
technical assistance in a variety of areas, PCAR oversees the rape crisis centers' contracts,
monitors relevant legislation and public policy issues, provides library resources and
educational trainings, and creates public awareness campaigns.
Most of PCAR’s rape crisis centers provide services to a variety of victims. Dual centers
serve victims of sexual assault and domestic violence, while comprehensive centers serve
victims of other violent crimes, such as homicide, robbery, and DUI. All centers provide
basic services to victims/survivors of sexual violence and their significant others,
including free and confidential crisis counseling and intervention 24 hours a day;
prevention education programs to schools and the public; and information and referrals.
Advocates from centers are available to accompany victims of sexual violence to the
hospital or to other medical facilities, to the police station, and to judicial proceedings.
PCAR has been involved in numerous public awareness campaigns.
In the fall of 2001, PCAR launched its teen sexual violence prevention campaign.
Informed by focus group findings that showed that teenagers were confused about sexual
violence and their rights, PCAR created a prevention campaign that utilized teen-friendly
media – music, magazines, and the Internet. The campaign included Xpose music CD,
TEENesteem magazine, and teenpcar.com web site. Xpose is a ten-track compilation CD,
containing rap, hip hop, alternative, and rock songs performed by young Pennsylvania
artists. The lyrics focus on self-esteem, healthy relationships, and statutory rape/sexual
violence awareness and prevention. TEENesteem is a 21-page teen'zine for girls, ages 11-
15 featuring articles on the dangers of club drugs, the reality of acquaintance rape, the
truth about guys, how to talk to parents about sex and the safety concerns of online
PCAR's latest awareness campaign is the HERO Project – a primary prevention effort
that encourages parents, relatives, caregivers, acquaintances, and other non-mandated
Creating Safe Environments 36
reporters to become quiet heroes by intervening, protecting children, and reporting
suspicions of child sexual abuse.
In July 2001, PCAR launched a historical social change initiative: Men Against Sexual
Violence (MASV), is a forum designed to engage men in actively working together with
women to eliminate sexual violence. MASV asks men to personally pledge never to
commit, condone, or remain silent about sexual violence and to use their resources to
PCAR also hosts the National Sexual Violence Resource Center and the National
Resource Center on Domestic Violence.
Jan Baily, Interim Deputy Director, 125 N. Enola Dr., Enola, PA 17025, 717-728-9740,
PCAR website: www.pcar.org
Creating Safe Environments 37
Perry Preschool Project
History and Mission
The Perry Preschool Project provides high-quality early childhood education to
disadvantaged children to improve their later school and life performances. The 40-year-
old Project has demonstrated that preschool can help decrease violence affecting youth
among low-income, urban children. Perry Preschool was the basis for Head Start and the
recent attention to early childhood education. Perry Preschool also served as the
foundational evidence for current universal preschool drive in Georgia, Florida,
California, and other states.
The Project is aimed at low socioeconomic families who have children, ages 3 and 4.
The Project is a curriculum that embodies a comprehensive approach to violence
prevention for preschool aged children. The intervention combats the relationship
between childhood poverty and school failure by promoting young children’s intellectual,
social and physical development. By increasing academic success, the Perry Preschool
Project is also able to improve employment opportunities and wages, as well as decrease
crime, teenage pregnancy, and welfare use.
The Perry Preschool Project is a two-year intervention that operates 2.5 hours per day, 5
days per week, for seven months per year, and includes weekly home visitations by
teachers. Evaluations have demonstrated a wide range of successful outcomes for Perry
Preschool children, compared to those who did not receive intervention, including:
• Less delinquency, including less contact with juvenile justice officials, fewer
arrests at age 19, and less involvement in serious fights, gang fights, causing
injuries, and police contact.
• Less antisocial behavior and misconduct during elementary school and at age 15.
• Higher academic achievement, including higher scores on standardized tests of
intellectual ability and higher high school grades.
• Less school dropouts at age 19 (33% vs. 51%), and higher rates of high school
• Greater commitment to school and more favorable attitudes about high school.
• Higher rates of employment (50% vs. 32%) and pay, and greater job satisfaction.
• Greater economic independence and less reliance on public assistance, including
• Fewer pregnancies and births for women at age 19.
David Weikart, Ph.D., High Scope Educational Research Foundation, 600 North River
Street, Ypsilanti, MI 48198-2898, (734) 485-2000, email@example.com
Creating Safe Environments 38
Perry Preschool Project website:
The Perry Preschool Project is a Blueprints Promising Program
Creating Safe Environments 39
History and Mission
The mission of SafePlace is to end rape, sexual abuse and domestic violence. SafePlace
has been providing services to survivors of domestic and sexual violence in the Austin
area for over 25 years and is one of the largest and most comprehensive service providers
of its kind in the United States. Expect Respect, its school-based program, helps youth
heal from past abuse; raises expectations and skills for healthy relationships; increases
safety and respect on school campuses; and supports youth leadership in violence
prevention. The Expect Respect program engages all members of the school community
in preventing dating and sexual violence and promoting safe and healthy relationships.
Students in Austin
The Expect Respect program at SafePlace began providing school-based services in
1988, in response to requests from school counselors seeking support for girls in abusive
dating relationships. Initially, two counselors from SafePlace began holding weekly
groups in several high schools. More and more girls came forward to join the groups—
most referred by school staff and some by friends—to participate in the confidential
sessions. In subsequent years, additional schools requested girls’ groups as well as groups
for boys who had experienced family violence or were using violent or coercive behavior
toward girls and girlfriends. In 2004, 450 boys and girls participated in counseling and
groups, over 4,000 in classroom education and leadership training, and over 3,200 adults
received training and materials to help them respond effectively and prevent violence in
young people’s lives.
In recent years SafePlace has been joined by many community partners in its effort to
prevent dating and sexual violence. The murder of a female student by her ex-boyfriend
at an Austin high school in 2003 tragically increased the entire community’s awareness
of violence in teen relationships. In 2004 the Austin Independent School District's Board
of Trustees adopted a policy to reduce incidences of dating violence, sexual harassment
and bullying and to increase safety for targeted students and in 2005 approved funding to
support Expect Respect groups for at-risk boys in fourteen schools. In 2006 a coalition of
state and local agencies, elected officials and youth throughout Austin hosted local
activities in conjunction with the first-ever National Teen Dating Violence Awareness
and Prevention Week, an initiative of the American Bar Association and other partners.
Individual Counseling and Support Groups serve youth in grades K-12 who have
experienced sexual or domestic violence or are involved in an abusive dating
relationship. In elementary school, children who have experienced sexual abuse or
domestic violence meet in separate groups for ten weeks. In middle and high schools,
boys’ and girls’ groups meet separately for 24 weeks, focusing on healthy dating
Creating Safe Environments 40
Professional Training is offered to educators, parents, and other professionals on a variety
of issues including dating violence, sexual harassment and bullying prevention. Teachers
learn to implement the District's policy on responding to incidents and disclosures of
violence and harassment and how to integrate selected prevention curricula into
Youth in 7th-12th grades participate in a six-hour training called SafeTeens to expand
their knowledge, understanding, and leadership skills in the area of violence prevention.
Heroes, a similar training for elementary age students, focuses on preventing bullying and
sexual harassment. Following the training, these youth develop projects to educate their
peers and improve the social climate in their schools. Youth-led projects have included
awareness events, public service announcements, posters, T-shirts, and peer counseling.
Barrie Rosenbluth, Director, School Based Services, SafePlace, P.O. Box 19454, Austin,
TX 78760, (512)-267-SAFE
Safe Place website: www.austin-safeplace.org
Creating Safe Environments 41
Survivors for Violence Prevention, Inc.
History and Mission
The Survivors for Violence Prevention, Inc. (SVP) seeks to provide a powerful, united
voice for survivors and victims of violent crimes. SVP informs thought and encourages
debate regarding national public policy for the purpose of reducing violence in the U.S.
Survivors and victims of violence nationally
SVP was created to provide extensive information dissemination, communication,
training and technical assistance around survivorship issues. Advisory board members
were identified, and came together the following year. Advisory board members included
practitioners, who typically provide services to survivors and victims. These practitioners
we located all across the U.S., including in Boston, MA; Atlanta, GA, Rochester, NY;
Detroit, MI; Columbus, OH; Minneapolis, MN; San Diego, CA; Seattle, WA; and Orange
County, CA. From 1998 through 2004, SVP convened annual conferences in partnership
with the Harvard School of Public Health. Participants included violence prevention
experts, survivors, community activists, and committed systems change advocates
supportive of survivors and victim services.
SVP Inc. seeks to serve a national constituency. An elected board of directors governs
organizational affairs. One part-time coordinator manages day-to-day operations and
functions as the coordinator of administrative matters, lead SVP Inc. planner for annual
events, and liaison to SVP Inc. collaborative partners. In 2006 two regional workshops
and the 10th Year Anniversary Conference will take place. Each of these meetings will
provide an ideal forum to solidify recruitment efforts.
Helen J.M. Bassett, National Coordinator, 310 E. 38th Street, Suite 11, Minneapolis, MN
55409, Phone: (612) 822-7393, firstname.lastname@example.org
Creating Safe Environments 42
UNITY: Urban Networks to Increase Thriving Youth
History and Mission
The purpose of UNITY is to strengthen urban youth violence prevention. By building
national support and consensus, UNITY will develop sustainable public health
approaches to preventing youth violence.
Initially, UNITY will focus primarily on the 45 largest cities in the country. These cities
represent the first step in building momentum for a national youth violence prevention
movement. Successes through UNITY in these cities will then serve as models that can
be used by everyone.
UNITY will bring together young people, representatives of the nation’s largest cities,
and national violence prevention advocates and leaders, as part of a National Consortium
to shape the U.S. strategy for urban youth violence prevention. UNITY will also provide
tools, training, and technical assistance to help cities be more effective in preventing
Most cities do not have a collaborative plan or any other clear strategy for addressing
youth violence. Government officials and leaders in our nation’s urban communities need
support in enhancing and coordinating violence prevention efforts. By focusing on
prevention, institutions can be more inclusive and receptive in responding to community
needs. Success in violence prevention requires investment in and commitment to
leadership, planning, collaboration, and resources.
UNITY’s lead partners are Prevention Institute, the Harvard School of Public Health, and
the UCLA Southern California Injury Prevention Research Center. UNITY is a CDC
funded project. The National Consortium includes national organizations such as: the
American Public Health Association, American Academy of Pediatrics, the National
Crime Prevention Council, Forum for Youth Investment, Institute for Community Peace,
Kaiser Permanente, the National Association of County and City Health Officials, the
National Sexual Violence Resource Center, National League of Cities, National Youth
Violence Prevention Resource Center, PREVENT, the State and Territorial Injury
Prevention Directors Association, and Wells Fargo. The Consortium also includes local
and state health departments, school districts, elected officials, law enforcement,
foundations, universities, state coalitions, and community-based organizations.
Lissette Flores, Project Coordinator at 510-444-7738, email@example.com,
Creating Safe Environments 43
History and Mission
Founded in 1991, Youth Alive is a non-profit public health agency dedicated to
preventing youth violence and generating youth leadership in California communities.
Pre-teens and adolescents
Youth Alive provides two programs for community teens:
(1) Teens on Target, a peer leadership and violence prevention program that trains young
people, including high school students, from neighborhoods with high rates of violence to
provide peer education to middle school students. The program also trains these peer
educators to be advocates for violence prevention. To date, over 700 youth have been
trained to be peer educators. With their leadership and involvement, Oakland banned 113
gun dealers operating in residential neighborhoods. The peer educators have presented
violence prevention workshops to over 38,000 young people.
(2) Caught in the Crossfire, an intervention program for youth who are hospitalized due
to violent injuries to reduce retaliation, re-injury, and arrest. The program has provided
services to over 750 youth.
Deane Calhoun, Executive Director, 3300 Elm Street Oakland, CA 94609, (510)-594-
Youth ALIVE! Website: www.youthalive.org
Youth Alive is an RWJ grantee (Local Initiative Funding Partners)
Creating Safe Environments 44
History and Mission
Youth UpRising believes in the advancement of youth leadership as a means of affecting
positive community change and ensuring that youth and young adults are supported in
actualizing their potential.
Youth UpRising grew out of the needs articulated by Oakland youth in 1997 after racial
tension at an Oakland high school called Castlemont erupted into violence. This first
group of young people identified poor educational resources, too few employment
opportunities, the absence of positive things to do, and lack of community and personal
safety as the root causes of the problems facing youth. In response, Alameda County,
where Oakland is located, authorized the conversion of a vacant County property into a
youth-focused community center and provided staffing to bring together youth,
community providers, the City of Oakland and Oakland Unified School District officials
to make the vision a reality. Alameda County and the City of Oakland also provided core
program for Youth Uprising and capital funding for the community center.
Youth UpRising is now housed in a 25,000 sq. ft. state of the art building and offers a
wide range of programs and services that develop youth leadership. The Media Arts
Center features 3 vocal/engineering set-ups, a live music room, 3 video finishing rooms, a
9-Mac computer lab, and a training room. It offers in-depth music recording, video
production and web design training. YU's Music Director is D'Wayne Wiggins of the
musical group Tony, Toni, Tone.
YU also has a Dance Studio Center; the Moroccan Soul Living Room, the site of
performing arts programming; a Material Arts Studio, equipped with industrial sinks; and
a Health Center. YU also provides a range of school and job support services, most of
which is run out of its Career & Education Center, which features two classrooms.
As a unique social enterprise, YU has a youth-run full service restaurant & catering
business that offers affordable food as well as an intensive culinary arts training program
in partnership with a local community college.
Olis Simmons, Executive Director, 8711 Mac Arthur Blvd., Oakland, CA 94605, (510)-
Youth Uprising Website: www.youthuprising.org
Creating Safe Environments 45
Other Program Contact Information
Kehilla Community Synagogue, Piedmont CA
Paul Kivel, Violence Prevention Educator, 1300 Grand Avenue, Piedmont, CA 94610,
(510) 654-3015, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.paulkivel.com,
Men Can Stop Rape, Washington, D.C.
Patrick J. Lemmon, Executive Director, P.O. Box 57144 Washington, DC 20037, (202)
265-6530, email@example.com, www.mencanstoprape.org
Minnesota Sexual Violence Prevention Action Council, St. Paul MN
Amy Okaya, MPH, Injury and Violence Prevention Unit, Center for Health Promotion,
Minnesota Department of Health, PO Box 64882, St. Paul, MN 55164-0882, (651) 281-
Safe and Drug Free Schools, Wichita KS
Debbie McKenna, Supervisor, 3850 N. Hydraulic, Wichita, KS 67219, (316) 973-2260,
Wingspan, Tucson AZ
JC Olson, Youth Program Coordinator, 425 East Seventh Street, Tucson, AZ 85705,
(520) 620-6245, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.wingspan.org
Creating Safe Environments 46