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					       The Iliad
        by Homer
         Written in 44 BC

*See your around the room activity
sheet for information about Homer
      Historical Fiction/Mythology
• The Iliad is like a tall tale with some parts
  that are based on facts
• For example, there really was a Trojan War
• Characters in The Iliad may have lived during
  the Trojan War, but certain details about the
  characters were created by Homer.
• The character Achilles, may have been
  developed from a combination of fierce
  warriors.
• Troy was a real place in modern day Turkey
• The lost city of Troy, it’s high walls and
  towers were recently discovered.
• It’s believed that Troy was destroyed by an
  earthquake.
• There was a Trojan War, but we are unsure
  why.
• The Trojans possibly fought the Greeks
  because of a waterway near Troy.
Excavating the Ruins of Troy
  Read Page 55 in the text
1. List two things about Homer
2. Describe Achilles
3. Describe Hector
4. Explain how the war began
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - (Monday)
5. Was the Trojan War real? List two
     details about this.
             Today
• Write down three details you
  remember from the notes we
  took yesterday.
       What is an Epic?
A long poem usually about a hero
The Iliad is an epic poem

Examples of epic poems: The Odyssey,
 Beowulf
Movie examples: Star Wars, Lord of the
 Rings
      Epic Simile
•A comparison using like
 or as that extend over
 many lines
• The Iliad begins during the tenth year
  of war.
• In medias res--To begin in the middle
  of the action.
• Epithet-Descriptive word or phrase
  used in place of a name.
• Example “Swift-footed Achilles”
Map of Greece and Troy
Map of Greece and Troy
Characters
    in
 The Iliad
  Do not copy this
The Greeks
 Also known as:
    Achaeans
    Dannans
     Argives
King Agamemnon        Brothers




                 Menelaus
Achilles
                                    Who was
                                    Achilles?


•Son of the Peleus (Dad) and the Thetis (Mom).
Thetis attempted to make her son immortal.
•Thetis held Achilles by the heel and dipped him
in the river Styx, but the heel remained dry and
was unprotected.
•MOVIE--Patroclus was not his cousin in the
written text
Patroclus
The Trojans
King Priam
Prince Hector           Brothers


                Prince Paris
 Who was Hector?



• Oldest of 50 sons belonging to King Priam
• Younger brother named Paris
   Who was Paris?

• Took Helen to Troy
• Helen was married to Menelaus
• His brother Hector was killed by Achilles
  and Paris was later killed during the
  Trojan War
• His brother Deiphobus marries Helen,
  but Menelaus kills him and takes Helen
  back to Greece
     Helen of Troy
(originally Helen of Sparta)
        MOVIE
                                      Epic Poem
1. Patroclus is        1.   Patroclus is his lover or dear
   Achilles’ cousin         companion
2. Menelaus is killed 2.    Menelaus lives to see the end of
   by Hector                the war
3. Achilles ties
                       3.   He pierces the feet
   Hector’s feet
                       4.   She ends up with Paris’ brother
4. Helen is with Paris      Diephobus. He is killed by
   at the end               Menelaus. Menelaus takes her
                            back to Greece
5. No Gods in the
                       5.   Gods on both sides during the fight
   movie                    between Hector and Achilles
6. Hector wears his 6.      Wears the armor he stripped from
   own armor                Patroclus who was wearing armor
                            belonging to Achilles.

				
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