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The Causes of WW1 (PowerPoint download)

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					 The Rise of
Totalitarianism

     Totalitarian Regimes
          Compared
          CA Standard 10.7.3
Analyze the rise, aggression, and human costs of
totalitarian regimes (Fascist and Communist) in
Germany, Italy, and the Soviet Union, noting
especially their common and dissimilar traits.
            Setting the Stage
 World War I Resulted in
  – Fear
  – Disillusionment
  – Resentment
 Looking for Any Solution
  – End to Chaos
  – Restoration of Pride
  – Open to Charismatic, Powerful Leaders
               Totalitarian Rulers




Benito Mussolini                     Joseph Stalin

                     Adolf Hitler
       Elements of Totalitarianism
 Control Over Every Aspect of Life
 Similarities
   –   Dictator glorified as a hero
   –   Allowed only one political party
   –   Required total loyalty to country and dictator
   –   Denied individual rights
   –   Censored the press and media
   –   Used art, culture, and media as propaganda
   –   Encouraged high birthrates
   –   Controlled by terror with secret police
               Italy’s Version
 Leader: Benito Mussolini
 Political Party: Fascist
 Dates in Power: 1922-1945
 Unifying Idea: Strong Nationalism
 Economic Policy: Capitalist; Government/Business
  Partnership
 Control of Media: Less than Total
 Religious Control: Free Choice, but Catholicism was
  State Religion
 Terror Policies: 4,000 Imprisoned, Few Murdered
             Germany’s Version
 Leader: Adolf Hitler
 Political Party: Nazi (National Socialist)
 Dates in Power: 1933-1945
 Unifying Idea: German Master Race
 Economic Policy: Capitalist; Government/Business
  Partnership
 Control of Media: Total
 Religious Control: Some Freedom (not for Jews)
 Terror Policies: Murdered Millions (Jews, Gypsies, Slavs,
  Disabled)
         Soviet Union’s Version
 Leader: Joseph Stalin
 Political Party: Communist
 Dates in Power: 1928-1953
 Unifying Idea: Classless Society
 Economic Policy: Communist; State Owns & Controls
  Everything
 Control of Media: Total
 Religious Control: Suppressed
 Terror Policies: Murdered & Imprisoned Millions

				
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posted:2/27/2012
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