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Facilities Design _ Layout

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									Facilities Design &
       Layout

      Chapter 7
   Pages 148 – 155
    Facilities Design & Layout
   This strategy area should really be
    considered well before the
    businesses is set up.

   It involves looking at the best way
    to set out the actual business so as
    to optimise efficiency in terms of
    movement and space, leading to
    cost reductions.
Facilities Design and Layout
   The first decision will be the
    geographic location of the
    operations facility.

   Considerations here include:
       Availability of labour
       Access to markets
       Access to suppliers
       Land zoning regulations
       Purchasing costs involved
Facilities Design and Layout
   Some factors that may influence
    the facilities location and design
    include:
       The product being manufactured or the
        service being performed
       Amount of physical space required
       The use of equipment
       Equipment and facilities maintenance
       Access to raw materials
       Location of finished products
Facilities Design and Layout
    Considerations must be given to:
        The work environment of employees.
         Workplace ergonomics can affect
         productivity.
        Legal requirements and obligations.
         These include things such as
         occupational health and safety.
        Communication channels.
        Visual appeal.
    Facilities Design & Layout
   Key questions to consider when
    establishing the design and layout
    of an operations system:
       How much space do we need?
       Where are our suppliers located?
       What do we produce?
       What are our security needs and
        concerns?
    Facilities Design & Layout
   Facility layout – the physical layout
    of a work environment.

   The processes and the different
    stages of production must be linked
    so that production needs are met.
    Facilities Design & Layout
   There are three main types of
    operation layouts:
       The fixed position layout (Everything in
        one place)

       The process layout (Resources and
        equipment are/is organised according
        to their/its function)

       The product layout (The sequential
        development of the product determines
        the location of equipment)
Activity / Physical Demo
   Fixed position layout – 4 volunteers
   Process layout – 6 volunteers
   Product layout – 6 volunteers
    Worksheet
   Types of facilities layout

   Put the following terms in
    your glossary:
       Batch production
       Mass production
       Assembly line
Facilities Design &
       Layout
     EXAMPLES
            Retail Layout
   There are a few ways in which retail
    stores organise their products – one
    way would be according to the type
    of item.
            Retail Layout
   Some stores, such as Ikea, carefully
    plan pathways, entrances and exits
    in their stores so that customers
    walk through the entire store to get
    to the checkout.
   Maximising customers’ exposure to
    the products ca lead to impulse
    sales, giving the retailer more
    profit.
            Retail Layout
   Retail layouts must also:
    • Cater to customer needs
    • Provide sufficient customer access
    • Promote a safe shopping environment
    • Support delivery and storage systems
    • Follow laws and government
      regulations
            Office Layout
   An office deals with the flow of
    information.

   These administration facilities
    must effectively support the
    operations of the organisation and
    the specific needs of the
    department.
     Static Functional Needs
   Relates to those functions whereby
    an employee has to complete their
    tasks at the location of their work
    station.

   Static employees have a fixed base
    of operations.

   Static employees require direct
    access to all the information,
    equipment and materials needed to
    perform their duties.
    Dynamic Functional Needs
   Relates to those functions whereby
    the employee performs some of
    their work tasks away from their
    work station.

   Dynamic employees require
    immediate access to information.

   They will also generally require to
    be supported by flexible equipment
    and materials.

								
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