WORKPLAN on „NORTHERN IRELAND
Aspects Students’ WORKING
1. TOURISM Worksheet 1
2. “A JOURNEY THROUGH Worksheet 2, Internet,
NORTHERN IRELAND” brochures from a
3. “THE CONFLICT” – a Worksheet 3, Internet,
4. “CAL” Worksheet 4, book “Cal”
5. Writing Task (Long Worksheet 5
Practice for the written Matura
1. In groups of four discuss on various aspects of tourism and try to find answers to the
Which types of tourists / travellers are there? Which different characters
might travel agencies often be confronted with?
What do you prefer as far as travelling is concerned? What kind of tourist /
traveler are you?
2. Present your findings in class!
A JOURNEY THROUGH (NORTHERN) IRELAND
1. Get together in groups of 3 and imagine you worked for an extraordinary travel agency
which is specialized on organizing very special trips to (Northern) Ireland. This year
your travel agency wants to concentrate on chefs, teachers and adventurers.
Choose one of these professions and organize a special journey for them.
a. Which destinations might they be interested in?
b. What kind of special needs might they confront you with?
Make use of the Internet and photographs I have provided you with!
2. Create a website including your findings from the Internet, photographs, etc.!
1. Choose five words from the box and make up short stories about how these items
might be connected with Ireland!
to starve English / Irish marriages seventeen US presidents U2
Dracula pot of gold snakes shamrock
Holy Trinity leprechaun horses shepherd
2. Northern Ireland from a historical point of view!
1. Read through the text about the historical development of the „troubles in Northern
Ireland“ and create a HISTORICAL TIMELINE in which you include all important
incidents that have had an impact on the country’s situation throughout history. Use any
programme you want, except WORD!
2. Include photographs, quotations etc. as well! Therefore you can / should make use of the
3. If you were a Nationalist (for example “Gerry Adams” from the Sinn Fein party) /
Loyalist, who tries to explain the situation to foreigners in a speech, who / which
incidents in history would you make responsible for the problems in Northern Ireland?
Who / What would you blame? Make a list!
4. Be prepared to present your speech in class!
5. Individual work: Imagine you were a teacher. Which 10 questions would you ask your
students to make sure that they know all important facts about the conflict in Northern
Ireland. Write the questions down and choose one of your colleagues who you want to ask
CAL by Bernard Mac Laverty (1983)
1. Read the first page:
Who is the “he” in the book?
What else do you get to know from the first page?
2. What is it that makes Cal jump at the name Marcella when it is mentioned in the library?
Can you find a reason?
3. p. 13: “He studied her face, trying to read into it whether or not she was the Marcella.
He could not take his eyes off, not because of what she was but because of what he
might have done to her…”
Guess what he might have done to her!
4. Why does Cal feel sick when his mate Crilly calls on him?
p. 18: “Cal lay on the bed smoking. What did Crilly want? He had hoped he’d been
forgotten, passed over because he was useless. He felt sure that it was all going to start
5. p. 27: Cal and Shamie receive a warning to be burnt out. What does it tell you about their
environment and about the political situation in Northern Ireland?
1. Describe the relationship between Cal and his father!
2. Why does Cal accept the job on the Mortons’ farm?
1. How do Cal’s friends put him under pressure to engage in terrorism?
2. What could the mucking out of the cowshed be a symbol of?
3. Why is the house burnt down?
1. Why are the Mortons so scared when they see light in the cottage?
2. The Mortons offer Cal to live in the cottage. What are the practical reasons? What
attitude does it express? (Think about the political situation.)
3. Describe the relationship between Cal and Marcella.
1. What do we get to know about Marcella’s relationship to her husband?
2. Write a police report of Cal’s arrest. Give reasons why he was arrested and how he was
AFTER READING ACTIVITIES
1. Create a spider diagram of Cal’s relationships in the novel. Make use of
2. From his prison cell Cal is writing a letter to Marcella to explain things.
3. There is a lot of symbolism in the novel. Think of images like the slaughterhouse, the
mucking out of the cowshed, the mending of the fence. What do they stand for? Which
other symbols can be found?
PRACTICE for the WRITTEN MATURA
Michael Stone uses bright reds, oranges and purples in his paintings. He’s always liked bright
colours, but there’s also a bit of black humour, as if he’s asking amateur psychoanalysts to
interpret his paintings as the work of a violent, tormented man. In fact, Stone is one of
Northern Ireland’s best-known Loyalist gunmen. He has been a hate figure for many Catholics
since his brutal attack on Belfast’s Milltown cemetery in March 1988.
Television cameras filmed the horror as he opened fire, killing three people and injuring
many more, including pensioners and children, at the funeral of three IRA members shot dead by
the SAS (Special Air Service) in Gibraltar. He later admitted his part in three other murders
and many terrorist offences and received six life sentences. Stone walked free from the Maze
prison last July after just 12 years, one of the last prisoners to be given early release under the
terms of the Good Friday agreement 1
Born in Belfast, Stone joined the Tartans, a Loyalist group, when he was 13. At 16, he had
already joined the Ulster Defence Association and spent time in prison for the possession of
firearms. He got the idea for Milltown after an IRA bomb killed 11 people in Enniskillen, County
Fermanagh, in November 1987. He knew there was a chance he wouldn’t get away, and it was the
police who saved him as he was being beaten and kicked after his attack.
The brush and easel might seem a surreal choice for a man once much more familiar with
gun and grenade. But he says he always liked art, and ironically, prison gave him the time to paint.
Now his work hangs in some of Belfast’s most expensive riverside apartments and businesses.
“I was in solitary confinement for a year after Milltown watch […], and prisoners were allowed to
paint their cells any colour, but mine was like a rainbow because I was always wiping my brushes
on the wall. I suppose the colours were a reaction against the dull surroundings,” he adds.
Metallic colours represented the prison bars.
Stone is still painting. He realizes there is a certain morbid curiosity about his work
because of his violent past, but he says others’ perceptions are beyond his control.
“I know people think that the hands that painted these pictures killed people. Yes, I regret
taking life, and that is with me every day. I wanted to kill top Republicans, not others. I can’t go
back on that, but I am glad there is peace. I support the principles of the Good Friday
agreement, but many things are not working out in practice.”
He spends a certain amount of time each week teaching art to teenagers in poor areas of
Belfast […] “Sure, I’m like some Rambo character to them when they first meet me, and they
ask questions about what I did. But I just tell them it isn’t big and clever to kill people. Then we
get down to work. There aren’t a lot of jobs in their area, but they’re good kids, and they’ve got
to be encouraged to make the most of what they have.”
Stone’s paintings are not openly political, but some deal with events in the news. He
points to a large piece, called Good Friday Agreement, where a seated figure, representing
Unionism, balances on a pendulum of orange and green, illustrating the difficulties beneath the
Around this are silver and gold masks and hands, which, he says, represent the silent
majority, both Protestant and Catholic, who want peace, but are troubled by how the agreement
is shaping up. All the symbols appear to be breaking out of a cell-like room, signalizing how hard
it is to fit all the ideals of Unionism and Nationalism into narrow confines.
(Source: Spotlight 8 / 2001; adapted by Mag. Claudia Murauer)
I. Questions on the text: Answer as detailed as possible!
1. Which crimes has Michael Stone committed in his life so far and how does he feel about his
violent past now?
2. What does “There is a certain morbid curiosity about my work” mean? What is Michael Stone
talking about here?
3. What does the text reveal about Stone’s way of becoming a famous artist and his paintings?
II. Questions beyond the text: Answer as detailed as possible!
1. What do you think about prisoners being allowed to spend their time painting or practising any
other kinds of pleasant leisure activities?
2. Would you want to be taught by a “murderer” like Michael Stone? Explain your opinion!
3. Would you define “the troubles” in Northern Ireland as a political or religious conflict?
Create the article which could have been found in “The Guardian” after the massacre on
Milltown cemetry in 1988. Of course, your article should not only contain information about the
incident itself. So feel free to add anything a journalist could make use of to write a detailed
and informative article (history, reasons for the massacre, characterisation of the culprit, etc.)
You must also find a suitable headline! ~ 250 words