MAKING LSD ------ --- Common LSD_ being of the strangest drugs

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MAKING LSD ------ --- Common LSD_ being of the strangest drugs Powered By Docstoc
					MAKING LSD
------ ---


  Common LSD, being of the strangest drugs, available to people on the
black market, is not too hard to make in your average run-of-the-mill
kitchen. LSD (Lysergic acid Diethylamide) is a complex organic mixure that
gives some people (most) a trip to the moon or other nearby celestial
body.


ITEMS NEEDED:
----- ------

1-About 200-250 grams of MORNING GLORY SEEDS or BAY HAWAIIAN WOOD ROSE
SEEDS. The Morning Glory seeds can be obtained at most plant nurseries.

2-200 cc. of petroleum ether

3-Small piece of window screen or a strainer

4-A couple of large glasses

5-cookie tray (an old one, never to be used again)

6-260 cc. of wood alcohol (call your local drug store).

7-Capsule containers (jel)

=========================================================================

Let's get started:

1. Grind up about 170 grams of Morning Glory Seeds.

2. In 145 cc. of petroleum ether, soak the seeds for two or three days.

3. With screen, filter the liquid thru it and save the seed mush and
allow it to dry completely.

4. Let the mush soak in 130 cc. of wood alcohol.

5. Filter solution again only. Save the liquid in a large glass jar.

6. Soak the seed mush again in 130 cc. of wood alcohol for two more days.

7. Filter out the mush and keep the liquid. Now, get the liquid that was
saved in step 5.

8. Now, pour both liquids in a cookie tray and let it dry.

9. When all the liquid has dried, a yellowish gummy looking substance will
appear on the cookie sheet.

10. Take the yellow gum and put this into capsules.
=========================================================================

You can get the capsules just by buying something like DEXITRIM or some
other pill. Even CONTACT comes in jel capsules. Just empty them out and
put the yellow gum in the capsules. Allow the capsules to sit over night
for best results.


34 Grams of morning glory=1 trip to da moon
18 Grams of hawaiian wood=Another trip to da moon

****************************************
*         THUNDER GOD                   *
*        GLADLY PRESENTS                   *
*                           *
*            LSD               *
*          TAKEN FROM                 *
*       THE ANARCHIST COOKBOOK                 *
*            BY               *
*         WILLIAM POWELL                 *
****************************************

WELCOME TO MY FILE ON LSD. IN THIS I
WILL DIRECTLY WRITE THE SECTION ON
LSD FROM THE BOOK ANARCHISTS COOKBOOK

----------------------------------------
LSD
  I THINK, OF ALL THE DRUGS ON THE BLACK
MARKET TODAY, LSD IS THE MOST INTER-
ESTING AND THE STRANGEST. IT IS THE MOST
RECENT MAJOR DRUG TO COME TO LIFE IN THE
PSYCHEDELIC SUBCULTURE. HUXLEY EXPERIMEN
TED WITH MESCALINE MANY YEARS BEFORE
PSYCHEDELICS REACHED THEIR MASS-MARKET
PROPORTIONS,BUT THIS EXPERIMENTATION
WAS NOT WITH THE SAME FRAME OF MIND AS
THESE DRUGS ARE HANDLED TODAY. PROBABLY
THE GREAT-GRANDDADDY TO THE WHOLE
PSYCHEDELIC COMMUNITY WAS ANTONIN ARTAUD
, WHO PERSONALLY EXPERIMANTED WITH
PEYOTE IN MEXICO. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
HUXLEY'S AND ARTAUD'S EXPERIMENTATION
WAS THAT HUXLEY MANAGED TO KEEP HIS
EXPERIENCES UNDER LABATORY CONTROL,
WHICH HE SET UP HIMSELF,WHEREAS ARTAUD
ALLOWED HIS EXPERIENCES TO BECOME PART
OF HIS LIFE. ARTAUD WAS CHANGED BY HIS
ENCOUNTERS WITH PEYOTE, WAS THIS BAD?
A DIRTY SHIRT IS ALSO CHANGED WHEN
IT IS WASHED. THROUGH THIS CHANGE ARTAUD
WAS ABLE TO SEE AND UNDERSTAND IDEAS
AND CONCEPTS ON A DIFFERENT LEVEL.
HE WAS ABLE TO TEAR APART
RATIONALIZATIONS, WITH OUT REGAURD FOR
CONTEMPORARY METHODS OF ORGANIZATION,
OR EVEN CONTEMPORARY VERSIONS OF TRUTH.
ARTAUD FOUND,IN HIS OWN WAY,HIS OWN
TRUTHS AND HIS OWN STRUCTURES OF VALUE.
THEY LOCKED HIM UP...

I DIED AT RODEZ UNDER ELECTROSHOCK.

I DIED. LEGALLY AND MEDICALLY DIED.

ELECTROSHOCK COMA LASTS 15 MINUTES.
A HALF AND HOUR OR MORE THEN THE
PATIENT BRETHES.

NOW ONE HOUR AFTER THE SHOCK,I STILL HAD
HAD NOT AWADEND AND HAD STOPED BREATHI
. SURPRISED AT MY ABNORMAL RIDGIDRY, AN
ATTENDENT HAD GONE TO GET HE PHYSISION
IN CHARGE,WHO,AFTER EXAMINING ME,FOUND
NO MORE SIGNS OF LIFE IN ME.

THIS PASSAGE WAS TAKEN FROM THE ARTAUD
ANTHOLOGY. I FIND THIS IMPOSSIBLE
TO THROW THIS OF AS THE RAVINGS
OF A MADMAN FOR,IF THAT BE TRUE,
THAN THERE CAN BE NO TRUTH, ONLY MADNES
AND SANITY, LOGIC AND ILLOGIC.


LSD HAS NEVER CAUSED INSANITY. IT DOES
NOT HAVE THAT POWER. ALL LSD DOES IS
ALLOW A MAN TO LOOK UPON ORDINARY THINGS
AND EVEN ON HIMSELF MANY TIMES FOR THE
FIRST TIME. LSD CANNOT BRINGOUT LATENT
QUALITIES IN YOUR PERSONALITY. IT CANNOT
MAKE YOU CRAZY,JUST AS IT CANNOT MAKE
YOU INTO A WARMER MORE BEUTIFULL PERSON.
WHAT LSD CAN DO IS SHOW YOU WHAT YOU AS
A PERSON IS COMPRISED OF. LSD IS NOTHING
BUT A MEDIUM TO DISCOVER THE ESSANCE OF
BEING.

 LSD HAS BEEN ILLEGAL FOR YEARS NOW,
MAKING IT AVAILABLE ON THE BLACK MARKET.
WHEN BUYING ANYTHING ON THE BLACK MARKET
FOLLOW THESE IMORTANT RULES
(TG: THESE ARE JUST COMMON SENSE BUT
SOME PEOPLE DONT USE IT)

1. NEVER BUY OF THE STREET OF FROM A
  STRANGER.

2. NEVER FRONT MONEY.

3. IF YOU ARE HOLDING A LARGE SUM OF
  MONEY NEVER GO ALONE ANYWHERE
  WITH SOMEONE YOU DONT TRUST, MANY
 DEALERS ARE IN REALITY JUKIES TOO.

4. NEVER TAKE A WEAPON WITH YOU WHEN
  DEALING WITH DOPE.

5. NEVER BUY A LARGE QUANTITY WITHOUT
  SAMPLING IT FIRST

6. IF YOUR ARE IN THE DEALERS APARTMENT
  NEVER EXCEPT FOOD FROM HIM.

7. BAD ACID IS USUALLY NOTHING MORE
  THAN SPEED, OR RAT POISON.

8. NEVER BUY L.B.J. IT IS A MIX OF
  ACID,BELLODONNA,HEROIN.

----------------------------------------
SINCE MOST OF US CANT GET ACCESS TO A
LAB I WILL GO RIGHT TO THE SECTION ON
MAKIND LSD IN YOU KITCHIN,
----------------------------------------
MAKING LSD IN YOU KITCHIN
 1. GRIND UP 150 GRAMS OF MORNING GLORY
    SEEDS OR BABY HAWAIIAN WOOD ROSE
    SEEDS.

2. IN 130 CC. OF PETROLEUM ETHER, SOAK
   SEEDS FOR 2 DAYS.

3. FILTER SOLUTION THROUGH TIGHT SCREEN
   THEN THROW AWAY THE LIQUID AND
   ALLOW THE SEED MUSH TO DRY.

4. FOR ANOTHER 2 DAYS ALLOW THE MUSH TO
   SOAK IN 110 CC. OF WOOD ALCHOL.

5. FILTER THE SOLUTION AGAIN AND SAVING
   THE LIQUID IN A VIAL LABLED "1".

6. REPEAT STEPS 4 AND 5 PUTTIN THE
   LIQUID IN VIAL "2" AND THROWIN
` AWAY THE MUSH.

7. POUR THE 2 LIQUIDS IN A COOKIE TRAY
   AND ALLOW TO EVAPORATE. WHEN THIS
   IS DONE SCRAPE OF YELLOW MUCK,THIS
   IS YOUR FINAL PRODUCT.


MANY COMPANIES POISON THEIR SEEDS SO
EITHER USE SEEDS U PICKED YOURSELF OR
ORDER FROM THIS COMPANY.

   CHONG'S NURSERY AND FLOWERS
     P.O. BOX 2154
      HONOLULU, HAWAII

DOSAGES

THE POTENCY OF THIS DRUG IS MESURED
IN MICROGRAMS OR MICS. USUALLY BETWEEN
300 AND 500 MICS IS ENOUGH FOR A GOOD
TRIP.

--------------------------------------
HAVE FUN WITH WHAT I JUST WROTE BUT
DONT GET CAUGHT BY THE PHEDS,PENALTY IS
HIGH. BE LOOKING FOR MORE FILES BY
ME. SO TILL NEXT TIME,
KILL PHEDS,AND THOSE WHO INSIST ON
CALLING US COMPUTERBUDDIES. EVEN AFTER
U'VE THROWN THEM ACROS THE ROOM.
            THUNDER
              GOD
         ////////////
         CCRRAACCKKLE
         BBUUBBRROOMM

How to make LSD : by Dr. D-Code & The Pimp
brough to CAL by CC.
---------------------------------------
 1. Grind up 150 grams of baby Hawaiian
   wood rose seeds
 2. In 130cc of petroleum ether, soak
   seeds for 2 days
 3. Filter solution thru a tight screen
 4. Throw away liquid and allow the
   seed mush to dry
 5. For 2 days allow the mush to soak
   in 110cc of wood alcohol
 6. Filter the solution again saving
   the liquid and labelling it #1
 7. Re-soak the mush in 110cc of wood
   alcohol for 2 days
 8. Filter and throw away the mush
 9. Add the liquid from the second soak
   to the solution labeled #1
10. Pour the liquid into a cookie tray
   and let it evaporate
11. When the liquid has evaporated, a
   yellow gum remains
12. Scrape the yellow stuff into
   capsules.
Order the seeds from a wholesaler
>only<!!!! Cuz other seeds may have toxic chemicals in 'em. You can get the
seeds used in the solution from:


   Chong's Nursery & Flowers
   P.O. Box 2154
   Honolulu, Hawaii
          CAUTIONS, REAL AND IMAGINED
      ---------------------------

ADDICTION POTENTIAL (none)
ADULTERANTS (including the strychnine myth, manufacturing impurities, etc.)
BAD TRIPS (what they are, how to avoid, what to do)
MYTHS (stamps for children, staring at the sun..)
DANGERS (LSD isn't for morons...)
FLASHBACKS (what they are ---post-traumatic stress syndrome)
INSOMNIA (common, what to do)
TOLERANCE (aquired and lost quickly (3 days) harmlessly, no withdrawal)

          BACKROUND
      ---------

ANTHROPOLOGY (and history)
BOTANY (sources in nature)
CHEMISTRY (structure)
MECHANISM OF ACTION (uncertain)
RELATED COMPOUNDS (psilocybin in mushrooms, ergot alkaloids in morning glories)
MANUFACTURE (forget it)

DRUG TESTING (don't worry)
LEGAL SCHEDULING (sched. 1, no medical uses in US (despite past effective use))

          PRAGMATICS
      ----------

SET and SETTING (how to have a good time; lsd ain't beer)
STORAGE (keep in a cool dark dry place)
SYNERGIES, BAD COMBINATIONS (cannabis is good, otherwise be careful)

REFERENCES & FURTHER READING
     BEST: _Psychedelic Encyclopedia_ by Peter Stafford
           _LSD: My Problem Child_ by Albert Hofmann
           _ Licit & Illicit Drugs_ (Consumer Reports)
           _Storming heaven : LSD and the American dream_ by Jay Stevens

******************************



LSD
         Generic name for the hallucinogen lysergic acid
         diethylamide-25. Discovered by Dr. Albert Hofmann in 1938, LSD is one
         of the most potent mind-altering chemicals known. A white, odorless
         powder usually taken orally, its effects are highly variable and begin
         within one hour and generally last 8-12 hours, gradually tapering off.
         It has been used experimentally in the treatment of alcoholics and
         psychiatric patients. [Where it showed some success.] It
         significantly alters perception, mood, and
         psychological processes, and can impair motor coordination and skills.
         During the 1950s and early 1960s, LSD experimentation was legally
         conducted by psychiatrists and others in the health and mental health
         professions. Sometimes dramatic, unpleasant psychological reactions
            occur, including panic, great confusion, and anxiety. Strongly
            affected by SET and SETTING. Classification: hallucinogens. Slang
            names: acid, sugar. See also appendix B. (RIS 27:211-52 entries)

            -- Research Issues 26, Guide to Drug Abuse Research Terminology,
                      available from NIDA or the GPO, page 54.

..............................

Common Drug Slang Terms (NB: many of these refer to the carrier, ie, "Blotter"
     or "Sugar Cubes". Often the local names will refer to patterns printed
     on the blotter, eg, "Blue unicorn".):

            Acid, 'Cid, Sid, Bart Simpsons, Barrels, Tabs, Blotter, Heavenly blue,
            "L", Liquid, Liquid A, Lucy in the sky with diamonds, Microdots,
            Mind detergent, Orange cubes, Orange micro, Owsley, Hits,
            Paper acid, Sacrament, Sandoz, Sugar, Sugar lumps,
            Sunshine, Tabs, Ticket, Twenty-five, Wedding bells, Windowpane,
            etc.



..............................

from the data sheet accompanying product:
(see also Physician's Desk Reference from mid-60's)

                                 Delysid (LSD 25)

               D-lysergic acid diethylamide tartrate

            Sugar-coated tablets containing 0.025 mg. (25 ug.)

        Ampoules of 1 ml. containing 0.1 mg. (100 ug.) for oral
administration.

   The solution may also be injected s.c. or i.v. The
effect is identical with that of oral administration but
sets in more rapidly.

                                     PROPERTIES

   The administration of very small doses of Delysid
(1/2-2 ug./kg. body weight) results in transitory distur-
bances of affect, hallucinations, depersonalization, reliv-
ing of repressed memories, and mild neuro-vegetative symp-
toms. The effect sets in after 30 to 90 minutes and gen-
erally lasts 5 to 12 hours. However, intermittent distur-
bances of affect may occasionally persist for several days.

                           METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION

    For oral administration the contents of 1 ampoule of
Delysid are diluted with distilled water, a 1% solution of
tartaric acid or halogen-free tap water.
  The absorption of the solution is somewhat more rapid
and more constant that that of the tablets.

   Ampoules which have not been opened, which have been
protected against light and stored in a cool place are
stable for an unlimited period. Ampoules which have been
opened or diluted solutions retain their effectiveness for 1
to 2 days, if stored in a refrigerator.

                 INDICATIONS AND DOSAGE

a) Analytical psychotherapy, to elicit release of
   repressed material and provide mental relaxation, par-
   ticularly in anxiety states and obsessional neuroses.
   The initial dose is 25 ug. (1/4 of an ampoule or 1
   tablet). This dose is increased at each treatment by
   25 ug. until the optimum dose (usually between 50 and
   200 ug.) is found. The individual treatments are best
   given at intervals of one week.

b) Experimental studies on the nature of psychoses: By
   taking Delysid himself, the psychiatrist is able to
   gain an insight in the world of ideas and sensations of
   mental patients. Delysid can also be used to induced
   model psychoses of short duration in normal subjects,
   this facilitating studies on the pathogenesis of mental
   disease.

   In normal subjects, doses of 25 to 75 ug. are generally
   sufficient to produce a hallucinatory psychosis (on an
   average 1 ug./kg. body weight). In certain forms of
   psychosis and in chronic alcoholism, higher doses are
   necessary (2 to 4 ug./kg. body weight).

                        PRECAUTIONS

   Pathological mental conditions may be intensified by
Delysid. Particular caution is necessary in subjects with a
suicidal tendency and in those cases where a psychotic
development appears imminent. The psycho-affective lability
and the tendency to commit impulsive acts may occasionally
last for some days.

   Delysid should only be administered under strict medi-
cal supervision. The supervision should not be discontinued
until the effects of the drug have completely worn off.

                         ANTIDOTE

   The mental effects of Delysid can be rapidly reversed
by the i.m. administration of 50 mg. chlorpromazine.

           Literature available on request.

           SANDOZ LTD., BASLE, SWITZERLAND
9792*-Z1540 e.-sp./d.-fr.
Printed in Switzerland.

..............................

From: An Introduction to Pharmacology 3rd edition, JJ Lewis, 1964 (p 385)

Peripheral Actions

These include an oxytocic action and constriction of the blood vessels
of isolated vascular beds. In intact animals LSD causes a fall in
blood pressure, but its adrenergic blocking potency is low.

LSD causes mydriasis in man and other species. It also causes
hyperglycaemia and mydriasis, has a hyperthermic action and causes
piloerection. These effects are sympathetic in nature and are
abolished by ganglion blocking or adrenergic blocking agents.
Parasympathetic effects include salivation, lachyrmation, vomiting,
hypotension, and brachycardia. Low doses stimulate respiration but
larger doses depress it.

(nb: mydriasis = pupillary dilation)
..............................

Hoffman thought the diethylamide version of the lysergic acid molecule
might be a respiratory stimulant...

..............................

The "speedy" quality of unadulterated LSD is due to the pharmacological
actions of LSD itself, and not necessarily due to decomposition or impurities.
LSD typically causes early adrenergic effects such as sweating, nervousness,
jaw grinding and insomnia which are easily confused with the side effects
of amphetamine.

******************************

ADDICTION POTENTIAL:

Zero physical addiction potential. Not something that makes you want to
do it again immediately. Rarely people use it to escape in a negative
way or as part of "polydrug abuse" behavior or pattern of behavior.

******************************

ADULTERANTS:

Several problems are associated with street drugs: their unknown
purity and their unknown strength. Because of its extreme cheapness
and potency, the purity of LSD in blotter form is not an issue: either
it's lsd or untreated paper. The purity of powders, pills, and liquids
cannot be assumed as safe. With regards to uncertain strength, the
strength of hits these days is low, 100 micrograms or so. One should
be careful and assume that the smallest square in a tiling of a sheet
is a dose, even if a printed pattern covers several. An experienced
person could judge the strength of a dose, and if it is assumed all
doses on a sheet have been processed equivalently, those doses would
be calibrated for others, much like anything else.

..............................

>From _Psychedelic Chemistry_ by M.V.Smith, 2nd edition p 5:

"There is a great deal of superstition regarding purification of
psychedelics. Actually, any impurities which may be present as a
result of synthetic procedures will almost certainly be without any
effect on the trip. If there are 200 micrograms of LSD in a tablet,
there could only be 200 mics of impurities present even if the LSD was
originally only 50% pure (assuming nothing else has been added), and
few compounds will produce a significant effect until a hundred to a
thousand times this amount has been ingested. Even mescaline, which
has a rather specific psychedelic effect, requires about a thousand
thimes this amount."

..............................

Note that: 1) on a piece of paper, vs. a tablet, you can't even add
significant amounts of adulterants 2) adulterants would cost, whereas
blank paper will rip someone off just as well.

LSD itself has some "body-kinks" on some people some times. nausea is
one of them. its usually mild and transient. it also has speedlike
(ie, adrenergic stimulation) effects, etc.

..............................

[Referring to strychnine] 15 mg has been fatal, but a more typical fatal
dose is on the order of 50mg. [Another post indicates 25 mg. as the LD50] 1
mg of strychnine orally probably has no observable pharmacological effects
in a typical adult. [1 mg being ten times the effective dose of LSD, by the
way.]


Actually, I think the fact that PharmChem analyzed something on the order of
2,000 LSD samples between 1972 and 1979 and never found one with strychnine
in it would be better. I'm going over all their data with a toothpick and
I'll get back to you on exactly what I find. It looks like the percent of
LSD with strychnine in it is, however, at least under .05%. More a little
later.


..............................

>From "The PharmChem Newsletter" (vol 3, no 3), 1973:

Summary of Street Drug Results - 1973: "Of 189 samples of LSD quantitatively
analyzed, the average dose was 67.25ug LSD. Of the 32 samples of alleged
mescaline actually containing mescaline, [...stuff about mescaline and
mushrooms deleted...] It is interesting to note the low incidence of
deception among the less sought after psychotomimetics LSD and PCP."

..............................
This is the PharmChem analysis of LSD from 1972 (vol 1, no 1) up to the time
that the DEA no longer allowed them to make quantitative measurements (1974-
vol 3, no 2 included). NOTE: NO STRYCHNINE! also note that PharmChem found
a sample of Shrooms contaminated with Strychnine in 1972 (vol 1, no 7), and
I would think it safe to assume that they also checked LSD for Strychnine.


******************************

BAD TRIPS:

 A person on LSD who becomes depressed, agitated, or confused may
experience these feelings in an overwhelming manner that grows on
itself. The best solution is to remove disturbing influences, get to
a safe, comforting environment, and reassure the tripper that things
are alright. It may comfort those who fear that they are losing their
minds to be reminded that it will end in several hours.

Authorities are fond of administering injections of anti-psychotic
drugs. Recovery in the presence of authorities, in hospitals or
police stations, is not pleasant. Sedatives or tranquilizers such as
Valium may help reduce panic and anxiety, but the best solution is
calm talking. Some claim that niacin (an over the counter vitamin
supplement) can abort a trip, but this may be due to a placebo effect
(niacin produces a flushing effect).

******************************

MYTHS:

LSD does not form "crystals" that reside in the body to be "dislodged"
later, causing flashbacks. LSD is a crystalline solid (though it is
unlikely that one would ever have enough to be visible to the naked
eye) but it is easily water soluble, thus cannot form bodily
deposits. Furthermore, it is metabolized and excreted in hours. The
bogus "loosened crystal" description in not necessary to explain
flashbacks, which are psychological phenomena (see FLASHBACKS).

LSD does not cause chromosome damage.

In Science 30 April 1972, Volume 172 Number 3982 p. 431-440 there was an
article by Norman I. Dishotsky, William D. Loughman, Robert E. Mogar and
Wendell R. Lipscomb titled "LSD and Genetic Damage - Is LSD chromosome
damaging, carcinogenic, mutagenic, or teratogenic?". They reviewed 68
studies and case reports published 1967-1972, concluding "From our own
work and from a review of literature, we believe that pure LSD ingested
in moderate doses does not damage chromosomes in vivo, does not cause
detectable genetic damage, and is not a teratogen or carcinogen in man."

Well, there's the study by Sidney Cohen which was cited here
recently, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 130, 1960. The
following is from Jay Stevens' Storming Heaven: "Cohen surveyed a sample
of five thousand individuals who had taken LSD twenty-five thousand
times. He found and average of 1.8 psychotic episodes per thousand
ingestions, 1.2 attempted suicides, and 0.4 completed suicides.
'Considering the enormous scope of the psychic responses it induces,'
he concluded, 'LSD is an astonishingly safe drug.'"


Some urban legends: I've heard two "stories" about people blinding
themselves on "drugs". One was revealed as a hoax by the person who
perpetrated it (apparently it was intended to "illustrate" the dangers
of LSD), another is trotted out by anti-drug speakers at high schools:

1) Seven people on LSD stared at the sun and lost 90% of their reading
  vision.

2) A teenager arrested while on LSD plucked out his eyeballs in his
  jail cell, and felt no pain.

While these are bogus, the drug has powerful effects on the mind
and the consumer should be aware of the hazards, and act appropriately.

..............................

There is an occasionally circulated fake warning from some police department
about LSD-laced "tattoos" or stickers (the "blue star tattoo" story) being
given to children. This probably originated with some hick cop or ignorant
and panicky parent not understanding some children-cartoon (eg, mickey mouse
in sorcerer's garb) printed on a sheet of blotter.

..............................

See also myths about testing in DRUG TESTING


******************************

DANGERS:

Purely psychological hazards, not harmful to body. May release latent
psychosis or exacerbate depression, leading to irrational behavior. There
is also a danger of foolish or incautious behavior, e.g, misjudging
distances or thinking one can fly. Physical overdose is not a hazard,
though one may easily ingest more than one may be able to handle
psychologically.

..............................

Because the "LSD psychosis" is not distinguishable from non-drug-
induced psychosis, we have reasonable evidence to conclude that LSD
was not the sole cause of psychosis. Instead, it would seem that the
drug brought on the problems in vulnerable individuals.
Interestingly, the rate of parental alcoholism was found to be much
higher in LSD patients than in other patients or in the general
population by one study (Vardy and Kay, Arch-Gen-Psych, 1983 40(8):
877-83).

..............................

Lethal (toxic) doses of LSD are conservatively several tens of
thousands of times as much as a normal dose, making it (in the toxic
sense) one of the safest drugs known. See section on Pharmacology for
description of bodily side-effects.

   The LD50 for psilocybin (active ingredient in mushrooms) is 275 mg/kg
i.v. in mice. Of course, it would take lots more p.o. to kill someone.

   The reported LD50 values for LSD are 46, 16.5, 0.3 mg/kg I.V. for mice,
rats, and rabbits, respectively. Again, it's hard to accurately translate
these numbers to oral values.

Note that an average human dose is 0.001 mg/kg, ie, 1 microgram/kg, ie,
1 part per billion by weight.

..............................

Never take any drugs while pregnant.

******************************

FLASHBACKS:

 Quoted without permission from 'Licit and Illicit Drugs,' written by
Edward M. Brecher and the editors of Consumer Reports. ISBN: 0-316-15340-0

  A simple explanation of LSD flashbacks, and of their changed character
after 1967, is available. According to this theory, almost everybody
suffers flashbacks with or without LSD. Any intense emotional
experience--the death of a loved one, the moment of discovery that one is in
love, the moment of an automobile smashup or of a narrow escape from a
smashup--may subsequently and unexpectedly return vividly to consciousness
weeks or months later. Since the LSD trip is often an intense emotional
experience, it is hardly surprising that it may similarly "flash back."

  <end quote>

"Post-traumatic stress disorder has been commonly associated with war
veterans, but it also affects victims of disasters and violence... Experts
estimate that 1% of the population suffers from the disorder."
---LA Times, Feb 18 1992, p A3, "Journey For Better Life Hell For Some Women."


******************************

INSOMNIA:

Insomnia occurs frequently after the trip. A mild, over-the-counter
sleeping aid can help, and these antihistamines do not produce adverse
interactions. Also, some people like to consume a small amount of alcoholic
beverage to "smooth the jitteries". The usual precautions about sleeping
aids if alcohol has been consumed apply of course.


******************************

TOLERANCE:
Aquired rapidly, within 3 days. Tolerance dissipates equally rapidly,
without withdrawal, craving, or symptoms of addiction.

Cross-tolerance can and is developed between other indole hallucinogens, eg,
DMT, LSD and Psilocybin.

******************************

BOTANY:

"Indole Alkaloids In Plant Hallucinogens" Richard Evans Schultes, PhD.
Journal of Psychedelic Drugs Vol.8(No.1) Jan-Mar 1976

"The main constituent of the seeds of Rivea corymbosa is ergine or d-lysergic
acid amide. Minor alkaloids present are the related d-isolysergic acid amide
(isoergine), chanoclavine, elymoclavine and lysergol. The seeds of Ipomoea
violacea have a similar composition, but instead of lysergol, they have
ergometrine (ergonovine). Later, very minor amounts of two alkaloids
ergometrinine and penniclavine - were found in I. violacea by chromatography.
the total alkaloid content of the seeds of Ipomoea viloacea is approximately
five times as great as that of the seeds of Rivea corymbosa: 0.06% in the
former; 0.012% in the latter. This difference in the alkaloid content
explains why Indians employ smaller doses of seeds of the Ipomoea than of the
Rivea.

"Ethnopharmacology and Taxonomy of Mexican Psychodysleptic Plants"
 Jose Luis Diaz M.D.
 Journal of Psychedelic Drugs Vol. 11(1-2) Jan-Jun 1979

Seeds of various Morning Glories contain
Ergolines: ergine,isoergine,ergonovine
Glucosides: turbicoryn [apparently in Rivea corymbosa only]

called Tlitlitzen (Aztec word for "The Divine Black One")
to the Aztecs, Black is a "hot" color,
a property of psychotropics associated with light

..............................

"The Botanical and Chemical Distribution of Hallucinogens"
Richard Evans Schultes, PhD.
Journal of Psychedelic Drugs Vol.9(No.3) Jul-Sep 1977

"I. violacea, often referred to by it's synonyms I. rubro-caerulea and
I. tricolor, is represented in horticulture by a number of "varieties,"
such as: Heavenly Blue, Pearly Gates, Flying Saucers, Wedding Bells,
Summer Skies, and Blue Stars - all of which contain the hallucinogenic
ergot alkaloids."

..............................

"Burger's Medicinal Chemistry" Fourth Edition, Volume III
Chapter: "Hallucinogens" Alexander Shulgin

                           Composition, % of total alkaloids present
                =========================================
Compound        R. corymbosa     I. violacea
=============== ================ ======================
Ergine (LA-111) 54, 48        58, 10-16, 5-10
Isoergine     17, 35       8, 18-26, 9-17
Ergometrine               8
Elymoclavine    4          4
Chanoclavine    4           4
Lysergol      4

Total Alkaloids .012, .04        .06, .04-.08, .02-.04
(% of dry weight
 of seeds)



******************************

ANTHROPOLOGY:


_The Road to Eleusius_ by Hoffman, Wasson, and Ruck.

Summary: A secret religion existed for 2,000 years in Greece (until
the christians displaced it around 400 AD). The initiation was open
to anyone who spoke Greek and hadn't committed murder, once in their
life. After 6 month long preparatory rituals, members walked to
Eleusius whereupon they underwent secret rituals. The rituals
remained secret until the 1970's.

Wasson, an ethnomycological scholar and former banker (and the first
white to trip on shrooms with the mexican indians) proposed the
following explanation of the Eleusian mysteries to Hoffman, an
ergot-alkaloid expert chemist, and Ruck, a greek scholar:

The Secret of the ritual involved the personal visions induced by
drinking the grain decoction administered to the initiates. The
domestication of grains permitted the development of greek
civilization; it also brought ergot fungus (of St. Anthony's fire
infamy).

The thin book contains their argument for the use of the ergot fungus
in Eleusian rites, Wasson providing some background on the use of
mushrooms and grains and their role in the culture; Hoffman on the
psychoactivity of ergot strains; and Ruck on the mythological and
cultural backround of the sect.

Evidence includes: Hoffman dosed himself with large (ergot-derived)
doses of obstetric compounds to assay their hallucinogenic potential,
and found them to possess such activity. The Eleusian temple site still
remains, but there is no room to view theatric performances, just rows of
tripping initiates, further supporting their argument.

An interesting read, and its neat to think that the culture that
more or less lead to the western industrial one had psychedelic rites.
(Various greek prominant figures attended the rituals, including Plato).
..............................


IPOMOEA PURPUREA: A NATURALLY OCCURRING PSYCHEDELIC

Charles Savage, Willis W. Harman and James Fadiman

>From "Altered States of Consciousness, A Book of Readings"
    edited by Charles Tart BF311.T28

Of the naturally occurring plant alkaloids used in ancient and modern
religious rites and divination one of the least studied is ololiuqui. The
earliest known description of its use is by Hernandez, the King of Spain's
personal physician, who spent a number of years in Mexico studying the
medicinal plants of the Indians and "accurately illustrated ololiuqui as a
morning glory in his work which was not published until 1651" (Schultes,
1960). In his words, "When a person takes ololiuqui, in a short time he loses
clear reasoning because of the strength of the seed, and he believes he is in
communion with the devil" (Alacon, 1945). Schultes (1941) and Wasson (1961)
have reported in detail on the religious and divinatory use of two kinds of
morning-glory seeds, Rivea corymbosa and Ipomoea violacea, among the Mazatec
and Zapotec indians. The first of these is assumed to be the ololiuqui of the
ancient Aztecs.

In 1955 Osmond described personal experiments with Rivea corymbosa seeds and
reported that the effects were similar to those of d-lysergic acid
diethylamide (LSD-25). He suggested (1957) that the word psychedelic (meaning
mind-manifesting) be used as a generic term for this class of substances to
refer to their consciousness-expanding and psychotherapeutic function as
contrasted with the hallucinogenic aspect. In 1960 Hoffman reported that he
had isolated d-lysergic acid amide (LA) and d-isolysergic acid amide from the
seed of both Rivea corymbosa and Ipomoea violacea. LA is very similar to LSD
in its psychological and physiological manifestations but is reported to have
about one twentieth the psychological effectiveness of LSD (Cerletti &
Doepfner, 1958).

The work of these investigators led us to a preliminary study of the
psychedelic properties of species of Ipomoea which are commonly found within
the continental United States. The seeds of Ipomoea purpurea, the common
climbing morning glory, resemble the seeds of Ipomoea violacea and have been
found to have similar psychedelic properties. Recent analysis by Taber et al.
(1963) has verified that LA is present in the varieties used and is probably
the primary active agent.

The effects of the seeds of Ipomoea purpurea (varieties Heavenly Blue and
Pearly Gates) in a total of 45 cases are summarized below. The subjects are
all normally functioning adults and the majority had previous experience with
LSD. The onset of effects is about half an hour after the seeds have been
chewed and swallowed and they last from five to eight hours.


                   Low Dose, 20-50 Seeds (11 Subjects)

This dosage rarely produces any visual distortions, although with eyes
closed there may be beginning imagery. Restlessness, evidenced by alternating
periods of pacing about and lying down, may be present. There tends to be a
heightened awareness of objects and of nature, and enhanced rapport with
other persons. A feeling of emotional clarity and of relaxation is likely to
persist for several hours after other effects are no longer noticeable.

                  Medium Dose, 100-150 Seeds (22 Subjects)

In this range the effects resemble those reported for medium-dose (75-150
micrograms) LSD experiences, including spatial distortions, visual and
auditory hallucinations, intense imagery with eyes closed, synaesthesia and
mood elevation. These effects, which occur mainly during the period of 1 to 4
hours after ingestion, are typically followed by a period of alert calmness
which may last until the subject goes to sleep.

                  High Dose, 200-500 Seeds (12 Subjects)

In this range the first few hours may resemble the medium-dose effects
described above. However, there is usually a period during which the
subjective states are of a sort not describable in terms of images or
distortions, states characterized by loss of ego boundaries coupled with
feelings of euphoria and philosophical insight. These seem to parallel the
published descriptions of experiences with high doses (200-500 micrograms) of
LSD given in a supportive, therapeutic setting as reported by Sherwood et al.
(1962).

All the subjects who had previous experience with LSD claimed the effects of
the seeds were similar to those of LSD. Transient nausea was the most
commonly reported side effect, beginning about one half hour after ingestion
and lasting a few minutes to several hours. Other reported side effects not
commonly found with LSD were a drowsiness or torpor (possibly due to a
glucoside also present in the seeds) and a coldness in the extremities
suggesting that the ergine content of the seeds may be causing some vascular
constriction. (If this is the case, there may be some danger of ergot
poisoning resulting from excessive dosages of the seeds.) The only untoward
psychic effect was a prolonged (eight hours) disassociative reaction which
was terminate with chlorpromazine [Thorazine]. The possibility of prolonged
adverse reactions to the psychological effects of the seeds is essentially
the same as with LSD, and the same precautions should be observed (Cohen &
Ditman, 1963).

..............................

IPOMOEA.003 7-MAY-90

Additional Notes:
Ipomoea purpurea is sold as the "Heavenly Blue" variety of morning glory.
"Ipomoea tricolor" is the trade name used for that variety. It is identical
with the species of morning glory described above.

The seeds must be chewed or ground in order to be effective. Soaking the
ground seeds in water for several hours, filtering out the grounds,
and then drinking only the water portion of the mixture can reduce
some of the stomach-upset symptoms if such occur.

Unpleasant LSD and morning glory trips can be smoothed out or even
stopped by taking niacin (in the form of nicotinic acid, vitamin B-3 or
"niacin"). Vitamin C has been shown to reduce the incidence of paranoia and
prevent depletion of the vitamin from the adrenal glands during LSD trips.

There have been reports that commercially available packets of morning
glory seeds from some distributors are coated with fungicides or
other chemicals to increase shelf life or discourage the practice
of eating them. Seeds from plants grown in one's own garden will
be safe as long as you do not spray them with insecticides.

The last few notes about Niacin and Vitamin C are based on
a paperback edition of Hoffer & Osmonds "The Psychedelics"

It's pretty clear that the latin names of this plant are somewhat
confused (which is typical). Ipomoea purpurea, Ipomoea tricolor,
Ipomoea violacea and Ipomoea rubro-caerulea are all the same plant.

The other variety of morning glory, "Ololiuhqui" has at least two
Latin names as well: Rivea corymbosa, and Turbina corymbosa.

..............................

"Recreational use of Ergoline Alkaloids from Argyreia Nervosa"
William E. Shawcross
Journal of Psychedelic Drugs Vol. 15(4) Oct-Dec 1983

CHEMISTRY AND EFFECT OF THE SEEDS
The Hawaiian baby woodrose entered the drug scene in 1965 with the
publication of a paper in "Science" entitled "Ergoline Alkaloids in Tropical
Wood Roses" by Hylin and Watson. The wide circulation of this journal assured
thorough dissemination of the information they presented. They wrote, "The
possible health and legal problems associated with the presence of similar
compounds in commercially cultivated plants led us to examine the ornamental
wood roses, Ipomoea tuberosa and Argyreia nervosa, both common Hawaiian crops
that have assumed commerical importance as components of [the] dried tropical
flower industry." Comparing the seeds of these two plants with those of the
morning glory varieties Pearly Gates and Heavenly Blue, they found the
following yield of alkaloids (mg of alkaloid/g of seed material):

    Heavenly Blue                   0.813
    Pearly Gates                   0.423
    I. tuberosa                  [None]
    A. nervosa                    3.050

The seed of A. nervosa is the best plant source of ergoline alkaloids
discovered; it contains approximately 3 mg of alkaloidal material per gram of
seed. Approximately one-eighth of this is lysergamide.

Hylin and Watson found the major alkaloidal constituents in A. nervosa seeds to
be ergine (780 mcg/g of fresh seed) and isoergine and penniclavine (555 mcg).

[Note: Argyreia nervosa has NO history of shamanic use as a hallucinogen]

This is an excerpt from the article cited.
There's no record of Argyreia being used as an hallucinogen in
India, but it was used externally as some kind of skin medicine.
There's been speculation that Argyreia might have been a component
of "Soma", but there's no evidence for that, apparently.
Because there's not a long history of human usage of Argyreia,
it may be that there are glycosides not mentioned here that
take effect at higher doses or might cause stomach upset, tachycardia
etc. The article mentioned intestinal complaints in one or two
cases at higher experimental doses.




******************************

CHEMISTRY:

lysergic acid diethylamide _is_ lysergic acid diethylamide (or...
N,N-diethyl-D-lysergamide or...
9,10-Didehydo-N,N-diethyl-6-methylergoline-8B-carboxamide).

Only one stereoisomer (the d-) is psychoactive. Thus, racemic (l/d 50-50 mix)
lsd shows half the potency of the dextro form. In synthesis it is possible
to recover the l-form for the lysergic acid.

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide is LSD rather than LAD because the German word
for acid is saeure (sp).

         LSD-25                     Lysergic acid

          O      CH2-CH3                  O
    ||     /                  ||
    ||    /                   ||
          -C--N                       C---OH
          | \                       |
          | \                       |
          |___ CH2-CH3                     |___
      / \                     /
     /    \                  /
   <<         N---CH3               <<     N---CH3
    \    /                \       /
     \____/                      \____/
     / \                     /
    /     \                /
   <         >               <         >
 // \     /             // \        /
// \_____/                  // \_____/
| || ||                | || ||
| || ||                | || ||
| || ||                | || ||
\ /\ /                \ /\ /
 \/ \/                 \/ \/
            N                         N
            H                         H

Ergot is a product of the fungus Claviceps purpurea. The bio-active
ingredients of ergot are all derivatives of lysergic acid. LSD is a
semisynthetic derivative of lysergic acid. Thus LSD is an
"ergot"-like substance.

******************************


MECHANISM OF ACTION:

(Note: the mechanism of action of LSD and other psychedelics is uncertain.)

>From a chapter titled Hallucinogens and Other Psychotomimetics: Biological
Mechanisms by S.J.Watson

"The current thesis of the effect of indole hallucinogens on
5-hydroxytrypamine might be stated as follows: LSD acts to preferentially
inhibit serotonergic cell firing and seems to spare postsynaptic serotnergic
receptors. This preference is shared by other simillar hallucinogens but in
a limited fashion. Nonhallucinogenic analogs of LSD show no preference.
These results suggest that there are two different steric conformation of
serotonergic receptors, one of which has higher affinity for LSD than the
other. In general, 5-ht is an inhibitory transmitter; thus, when its
activity is decreased, the next neuron in the chain is freed from inhibition
and becomes more active. Since serotnergic systems appear to be intimately
involved int eh control of sensation, sleep, attention, and mood, it may be
possible to explain the actions of LSD and other hallucinogens by their
disinhibition of these critical systems.

There is also evidence for interaction with dopaminergic systems.

..............................

LSD acts as a 5HT autoreceptor agonist in the raphe nucleus. These
autoreceptors are typically considered to be 5HT1As. It also acts as a 5HT2
agonist, which is thought to be the main site of hallucinogenic activity.
It's probably best called a a mixed 5HT2/5HT1 receptor partial agonist.

I don't know of its effects on dopamine. Wouldn't be surprised if it has
'em; the systems aren't really functionally separable. The DA effects
wouldn't be necessary for hallucinogenic activity, I'd bet.

..............................

>"If there's no documentation, you can't tell bugs from features." ---C.P.

******************************

RELATED COMPOUNDS:



Related compounds are the indole hallucinogens including DMT
(dimethyl-tryptamine), DET (diethyl-), etc.; psilocybin; lysergic acid. DMT
is very fast acting, lasting less than an hour. Psilocybin, found in
hallucinogenic (aka magic or mexican) mushrooms, has effects similar to LSD
but they work for approximately half the duration. These are all indole
derivatives like the neurotransmitter serotonin, 5-hydroxy-tryptamine.
"Indole" is the name of the 6-carbon ring attached to the 5-ring containing
a nitrogen. The lysergic acid molecule contains an indole structure plus
additional rings.

LSD's two ethyl groups hanging off the amine may be replaced with
other carbon chains for compounds with different durations, potencies,
and effects.

While LSD is semi-synthetic, DMT and psilocybin are found in nature.
See the sections on BOTANY and ANTHROPOLOGY for info on related
natural (plant) compounds and their uses.

..............................

   1) DMT, DET, psylocin, psylocybin, : The mushroom psylocybin cubensis
contains all four of these indole derivatives, as well as others. DMT is
dimethyltryptamine, an indole derivative which has functionalized at the 3
position with the dimethyl ethylamine group. It is a close relative to the
amino acid, tryptophan, which until recently was available in bulk at
vitamin shops, until some jerk poisoned himself by taking a wonga dose of
it. [Actually it may have been a single toxic batch mistakenly produced in
Japan.] A prep came out in 1984 for LSD using l--tryptophan as the
precursor, so this may have facilitated the government's pullin it from the
shelves. I can't find tryptophan anywhere, now, and I've tried, bud.
     DMT, and it's brother DET (diethyltryptamine), have no oral activity,
so have to be smoked. They stink like fish oil when lit, though. Both have
hallucinogenic effects within 2-3 minutes of toking, wand while DMT lasts
for only a half hour, DET is a smoother, more euphoric high, lasting twice
as long. DET has effects similar to psylocybin.
     Psylocybin is DMT which has a functional group, phosphoryloxy-, at the
4 position on the indole ring. This group is immediately converted to
hydroxyl- as soon as the stuff hits your stomach to give the cousin,
psylocin. In preparing the drug, then, it is not necessary to proceed beyond
the psylocin.
     DMT and DET are easily derived from many indole derivatives, the
easiest of which is indole-3-acetic acid. I've done this reaction and it
stinks to high heaven of indole gunge, skatoles (methylindoles), and
indenes. Bad news if you want to make it at home, because the stench is
pervasive. Other derivatives, using phenyl or butyl groups have been
reported as having oral activity, so it is not necessary to smoke the stuff.
Doses run at about a hundred mgs for smoked drug, while psylocin is orally
active at about 5 mgs.
     For a good reference work on these compounds, their preps, and effects,
see Michael Valentine Smith's "Psychedelic Chemistry," publisher unknown.


                                         Your Friendly Neighborhood Chemical
                                                       Dude,
                                         St. Theo


..............................

                 DMT
                                        CH
                                  / 3
            // \--- --- CH CH N
            || || ||        2 2
            \ //\ /               CH
                  N                 3
                  H



******************************

MANUFACTURE:

Forget it. Precursors (ergot alkaloids, used medicinally for migraines and
ob/gyn due to their vasoconstrictive effects) are closely watched. (They
are obtained through commercially cultured ergot fungus; one could
theoretically extract lsyergic amides from morning glory or Hawaiian wood
rose seeds.) (Though there are routes to synthesize lysergic acid from
"scratch", these are complicated also.) Other typically needed chemicals
are very dangerous. Serious experience in organic chemistry lab would be
necessary. If you have to ask where to find the recipes, you don't know
enough about chemistry to try it. (For the curious: the _Anarchists
Cookbook_ is a bad place to start. _Psychedelic Chemistry_ is better, the
patent office or chem. lit. better.) And you'll probably trip during
manufacture if you actually succeed. Its easier and safer to buy it on the
black market.


******************************

DRUG TESTING:

No risk. Its not looked for, hard to find, and transient.

..............................


"A maximum concentration of 2-8 ng/ml [Plasma concentration of LSD]
 was reached 1.0-1.25 h after an oral dose of 160 ug.
 ...[A] value of 2.9 h for the elimination half-life of LSD from
 plasma [was reached].
          [Upshall, D.G., Wailling, D.G.: The determination of LSD in
           human plasma following oral administration.
           Clinica Chimica Acta 36, 67-73 (1972)]

Second of all, LSD and its metabolites are detectable in the urine
for much longer than one hour.

"LSD and its metabolites were still detectable in human urine for
 as long as 4 days after the ingestion of 0.2 mg of the drug.
        [Faed, E.M., McLeod, W.R.: A urine screening test of lysergide.
         Journal of Chromatographic Science. 11, 4-6 (1973)]

Note that standard, cheap initial drug screening does not use
chromatography or mass-spectrometry, and does not look for LSD.

..............................
Spinal taps are not particularly useful (cerebro-spinal fluid doesn't
concentrate LSD or metabolites) and are never done under any
circumstances: they are painful and dangerous.

..............................


You might want to mention that Abbie Hoffman's _Steal This Urine Test_
has a table which claims lsd is detectable for 40 days. I'm almost sure
this was a typo.

..............................


> 1] How long can LSD be detected in the body?

This varies by the test being used, the detection limit placed on the test,
the point of collection and type of the sample fluid, the amount of LSD that
was taken, and the individual in question.

Assuming the testers are using an RIA screening test with the cutoff set at
0.1 ng/ml and assuming that the user has recently emptied their bladder,
then the detection limit for one hit (100 ug) is normally around 30 hours.
Each doubling of the initial amount will add about 5 hours. Thus taking 8
hits will leave a user vulnerable for approximately 2 days. (NOTE: This is
based on the data in [7])

> 2] What exact form of test can be used to detect LSD in the body? There
are a number of tests which can be used to detect LSD in the body.

Abuscreen, a product of Roche Diagnostic Systems, is a series of
RadioImmunoAssay (RIA) tests, one of which is used to detect LSD and its
metabolites in whole blood, serum (blood), urine and stomach contents [1].
RIA can in theory be used to detect quantities as small as 0.020 nanograms
(ng) per milliliter (ml) of sample [2]. Laboratory tests have shown that
RIA results are accurate down to at least 0.1 ng/ml [3]. The manufacturer
recommends limiting the cutoff to 0.5 ng/ml.

EMIT, a product of Syva Corporation, is another series of tests, one of
which can be used to detect LSD and its metabolites in serum and urine.
EMIT stands for Enzyme Multiplied Immunoassay Technique.

Both EMIT and Abuscreen are "positive/negative" response tests (much like
pregnancy tests) which require periodic equipment calibration and consume
chemicals for each test performed. A basic battery of tests costs approx.
$15-$25 per person [4]. The basic tests (recommended by NIDA) include
marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, opiates, and phencyclidine (PCP).
Normally, unless an (employer) specifically requests the test, an LSD assay
is not run.

Both Roche and Syva recommend confirmation of positive results by using a
different test. The usual method of confirming positive results is some
form of chromatography. These include High Performance Thin Layer
Chromatography (HPTLC)[3], and different forms of Gas Chromatography/Mass
Spectrometry (GC/MS)[5][6][7][8][9]. HPTLC and GC/MS can be used to give
quantitative results as opposed to the Boolean results from EMIT or
Abuscreen. Laboratory tests have shown that GC/MS test for LSD in urine[6]
and blood[7] can be accurate down to 0.1 ng/ml. The cost for confirmation
of a positive screening test is approximately $50-60.

Positive results to either EMIT and RIA are held to be "probable cause" by
U.S. courts. GC/MS results are held to be "proof" by U.S. courts.

> I am asking for an actual text message containing a short, precise >
description of each test,

Immunoassays chemicals are created by injecting animals (rabbits, sheep,
donkey, etc) with the drug to be tested for and an albumin which force the
animal to produce antibodies. The antibodies are then removed from the
animal, purified and bottled. In RIA tests, the antibodies are then added
to the fluid sample with a radioactively labeled chemical. Any of the drug
(or similar chemicals) found in a sample that is being tested will react
with this glop and by measuring the radioactivity, the amount of drugs can
be determined [2][10].

> 3] How can such a test be beaten?

While there is some literature on adulterating urine samples to produce
false negative results [11], there has been little written that applies
specifically to the LSD screening tests.

I would suggest you read the article posted by Paul Hager paying particular
attention to the warning about water intoxication [12]:
In <1991May7.141615.16477@news.cs.indiana.edu> hagerp@iuvax.cs.indiana.edu wrote
+ Recommended: "Dealing With Urine Tests on Short Notice"
+       by Dale Gieringer, California NORML
+
+ Most folks recommend that people hydrate themselves -- the idea
+ being that by drinking water and taking a diuretic that will
+ promote water loss, the urine will be very dilute and THC metabolite
+ content from "tomatoe" consumption will drop below the 100 ng/ml
+ threshold that defines a "positive".
+
+ Mr. Gieringer recommends that, the day before the test, the
+ person drink lots of water. I would amend this to, drink your
+ normal "8 glasses" plus a few more. Don't get carried away with
+ drinking water -- there is such a thing as "water intoxication"
+ which can result in brain swelling and other nasties so don't
+ chug-a-lug a gallon of water just before the test. After
+ hydrating, and a little before the test, drink some more water
+ and use a diuretic (coffee is a weak diuretic). Urinate to
+ flush the bladder -- the first urination of the day is the
+ one most charged with metabolites. The pamphlet quotes from
+ a _High Times_ article, "How to Beat a Drug Test":
+
+       Take an 80 mg dose of the prescription diuretic Lasix
+       (furosemide); take a hefty drink of water; piss two
+       or three times; then take the test.
+
+ Some caution is to be exercised in taking diuretics. Consult
+ your physician.
+
+ Mr. Gieringer also suggests that the clear, watery urine that
+ results from the above procedure is sometimes suspicious. He
+ recommends taking 50-100 mg of vitamin B2 which will color
+ urine yellow for a couple of hours. Vitamin C does not produce
+ this effect -- contrary to rumor.
+
+ For more information, I'd suggest contacting California NORML
+ directly at (415) 563-5858. They are located in San Francisco.
+ It is also possible that Mr. Gieringer will respond directly
+ via his canorml account.

> I am asking for ...[a description]... of each thing that LSD leaves behind
> that can be detected, and of each method used to beat each test.

The immunsoassay tests vary in their specificity. Some display a relatively
low cross-reactivity[13], others a high cross-reactivity[14]. The exact
metabolites of LSD in humans have not been fully determined yet, though
animal studies have been done. The only verified human metabolite I could
find in the literature was N-demethyl-LSD[6] but I did not check all the
references.

FOOTNOTES:
[1]
Altunkaya, D; Smith R.N.
"Evaluation of a commercial radioimmunoassay kit for the detection of
lysergide (LSD) in serum, whole blood, urine, and stomach contents"
Forensic Science International. v47n2, September 1990, p113-21.
[2]
Taunton-Rigby, A.; Sher, S.E.; Kelley, P.R.
"Lysergic Acid Diethylamide: Radioimmunoassay"
Science. v181, July 13 1973, p165-6.
[3]
McCarron, M.M.; Walberg, C.B.; Baselt, R.C.
"Confirmation of LSD intoxication by analysis of serum and urine."
Journal of Analytical Toxicology. v14n3, May-June 1990, p165-7.
[4]
Berg, E.
"Drug-testing methods: what you should know."
Safety & Health. v142n6, Dec 1990, p52-6.
[5]
Lim, H.K.; Andrenyak, D.; Francom, P.; Bridges, R.R.; Foltz, R.L.
"Determination of LSD in urine by capillary column gas chromatography
and electron impact mass spectrometry."
Journal of Analytical Toxicology. v12n1, Jan-Feb 1988, p1-8.
[6]
Lim, H.K.; Andrenyak, D.; Francom, P.
"Quantification of LSD and N-demethyl-LSD in urine by gas chromatography/
resonance electron capture ionization mass spectrometry."
Analytical Chemistry. v60, July 15 1988, p1420-25.
[7]
Papac, D.I.; Foltz, R.L.
"Measurement of lysergic acid dietylamide (LSD) in human plasma by gas
chromatography/negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry."
Journal of Analytical Toxicology. v14n3, May-June 1990, p189-90.
[8]
Paul, B.D.; Mitchell J.M.; Burbage, R.; Moy, M; Sroka, R.
"Gas chromatographic-electron-impact mass fragmentometric determination
of lysergic acid diethylamide in urine."
Journal of Chromatography. v529n1, July 13, 1990, p103-12.
[9]
Blum, L.M.; Carenzo, E.F.; Rieders, F.
"Determination of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in urine by instrumental
high-performance thin-layer chromatography."
Journal of Analytical Toxicology. v14n5, Sep-Oct 1990, p285-7.
[10]
Ratcliffe, W.A.; Fletcher, S.M.; Moffat, A.C.; et. al.
"Radioimmunoassay of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) in serum and urine
by using antisera of different specificities."
Clinical Chemistry. v23n2, Feb 1977, p169-74.
[11]
Cody, J.T.; Schwarzhoff, R.H.
"Impact of adulterants on RIA analysis of urine for drugs of abuse."
Journal of Analytical Toxicology. v13n5, Sep-Oct 1989, p277-84.
[12]
Klonoff, D.C.
"Acute water intoxication as a complication of urine drug testing in the
workplace."
Journal of the American Medical Association. v265n1, Jan 2 1991, p84-6.
[13]
Christie J.; White, M.W.; Wiles, J.M.
"A chromatographic method for the detection of LSD in biological liquids."
Journal of Chromatography. v120n2, May 26, 1976, p496-501.
[14]
Twitchet, P.J.; Fletcher, S.M.; Sullivan, A.T.; Moffat, A.C.
"Analysis of LSD in human body fluids by high-performance liquid chromatography,
fluorescence spectroscopy and radioimmunoassay."
J. Chromatogr. v150n1, March 11 1978, p73-84.

Sorry this was so long but I thought it deserved it :-)
Enjoy a "referenced" article.
Tim Basher

..............................

There were rumors going around that LSD could be detected
by drug tests fo thirty days. I think this reference and
abstract makes it clear that it is probably 4 days, max.
(see the end of the abstract)

IDNUM 03319915
TYPE   Journal paper
DATE   880715
AUTHOR Heng Keang Lim; Andrenyak, D.; Francom, P.; Foltz, R.L.; Jones, R.T.
      Center for Human Toxicology, Utah Univ., Salt Lake City, UT, USA
TITLE Quantification of LSD and N-demethyl-LSD in urine by gas
      chromatography/resonance electron capture ionization mass
      spectrometry
SOURCE Analytical Chemistry; vol.60, no.14; 15 July 1988; pp. 1420-5
SUBJECT chromatography; electron capture; mass spectroscopic chemical
      analysis; organic compounds; quantification; gas chromatography;
      resonance electron capture ionisation mass spectrometry; LSD;
      N-demethyl-LSD; urine; lysergic acid diethylamide; human; in vitro;
       in vivo; aromatic hydroxylation; drug; metabolite;
       N-tri-fluoroacetyl derivatives; calibration curves; urinary
       concentrations; adult volunteer; excretion; elimination half-lives;
       4 to 6 hrs; 8 to 10 hrs
       Numerical data: time 1.4E+04 to 2.2E+04 s; time 2.9E+04 to 3.6E+04 s
       Class codes: A8280M; A8280B; A3470
CODEN ANCHAM
ABSTRACT Demethylation of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in the human has
       been demonstrated, both in vitro and in vivo, and aromatic
       hydroxylation at positions 13 and 14 has been tentatively
       identified. A gas chromatography/resonance electron capture
       ionization mass spectrometry (GC/MS) assay for LSD and
       N-demethyl-LSD in urine has been developed, in which the drug and
       its metabolite are converted to their N-tri-fluoroacetyl derivatives
       prior to GC/MS analysis. Linear and reproducible calibration curves
       have been obtained for LSD concentrations from 0.05 to 5.0 ng/mL,
       and for N-demethyl-LSD concentrations from 0.03 to 5.0 ng/mL. The
       assay was used to determine the urinary concentrations of LSD and
       N-demethyl-LSD following administration of a single oral dose of the
       drug (1 mu g/kg) to an adult volunteer. The rates of excretion of
       LSD and N-demethyl-LSD reached maxima in urine collected at time
       intervals of 4-6 and 8-10 h after administration, respectively. The
       elimination half-lives for LSD and N-demethyl-LSD were 3.6 and 10.0
       h, respectively
MISCELLANEOUS
       Treatment: experimental
       Anal. Chem. (USA)
       Abstract number(s): A89037987
       ISSN: 0003-2700
       Refs: 15

******************************

LEGAL SCHEDULING:

Class I, "no medical use" --- mostly for political reasons, as it was
and is used in psychotherapy. (Current use is in Switzerland.)


******************************

SET and SETTING:

"SET" is the expectations a person brings with them. "Setting" is the
environment that a person is in. Set includes expectations about the
drug's actions and how the person will react. Setting includes the
social and physical conditions. For LSD and the hallucinogen-type
drug more than other psychoactives, set and setting are very important
in determining the nature of the experience. These factors make the
difference between, e.g., the experiences of someone taking the drug
for enhancement at a concert, for psychotherapy in an doctor's office,
in a religious context, or in the outdoors for an aesthetic
experience. For best results, one should take LSD only with people
one trusts in safe, comfortable surroundings, free of everyday
intrusions. Tripping alone is a very risky thing to do, that
inexperienced people should avoid.
******************************

STORAGE:

First, note that LSD is a fairly stable organic molecule, no more or
less fragile than other molecules with comparable structures.

The main factors to be concerned with are moisture (due to leaching
and facilitated chemical reactions in the presense of moisture),
oxygen, light, and temperature. Reaction rates typically depend upon
temperature exponentially. These factors basically apply to all
organic compounds.

Sealing in AL foil in a cool dark place is fine. Some recommend
refrigeration, but be careful about nosy guests, condensation, and frost.
Multiple, redundant seals are suggested, eg., paper in metal foil in
plastic in a metal candy tin which has been taped shut. Should last
at least a presidential term.

Wallets are contraindicated as storage locations due to sweat.

******************************

SYNERGIES, BAD COMBINATIONS:

Smoking cannabis products considerably increases the effects,
increasing the visuals and also possibly increasing the cognitive and
linguistic disorders. As the effects of LSD wear off, marijuana may
bring them back, and also ease the jitteriness some dislike. Nitrous
oxide goes well with LSD, though one should be extra careful (not to
suffocate or fall down) with the nitrous because of the effects of the
LSD. MDA & cousins can go well, but people on these drugs should not
take LSD unless they are familiar with the latter's effects.

Alcohol's effects are largely overwhelmed by LSD, and they act in opposite
ways: alcohol being a depressant and LSD being a (hyper)stimulant.
Generally mixing stimulants and sedatives is counterproductive.

MAO inhibitors ???
Amphetamines and cocaine ???

******************************

SYNTHESIS:

Don't try it, too difficult and risky both physically and
legally. Precursor medical drugs (ob/gyn and migraine ergot
alkaloids) are watched.

******************************



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DEUTSCH:

MAKING LSD
------ ---


  Gemeinsame LSD, wobei der seltsamsten Drogen, zur Verfügung, um Menschen auf der
Schwarzmarkt, ist nicht allzu schwer zu machen in Ihrem durchschnittlichen run-of-the-mill
Küche. LSD (Lysergsäurediäthylamid) ist eine komplexe organische mixure, dass
gibt einige Leute (die meisten) eine Reise zum Mond oder anderen Himmelskörpern in der Nähe
Körper.


Benötigte Gegenstände:
----- ------

1-etwa 200-250 Gramm Morning Glory Samen oder BAY HAWAIIAN WOOD ROSE
Samen. Die Morning Glory Samen können in den meisten Baumschulen erhältlich.

2-200 cc. Petrolether

3-kleines Stück Fenster-Bildschirm oder ein Sieb

4-Ein paar große Gläser

5-Cookie-Fach (eine alte, nie wieder verwendet werden)

6-260 cc. Holz Alkohol (bei Ihrer örtlichen Apotheke).

7-Kapsel-Container (jel)

================================================== =======================

Nun kann es losgehen:

1. Grind bis etwa 170 Gramm Morning Glory Seeds.

2. In 145 cc. Petrolether, genießen die Samen für zwei oder drei Tage.

3. Mit Schirm, filtern die Flüssigkeit durch und speichern Sie die Samen Brei und
lassen Sie es vollständig trocknen.

4. Lassen Sie den Brei in 130 cc einweichen. Holz Alkohol.
5. Filter-Lösung wieder nur. Speichern Sie die Flüssigkeit in ein großes Glas.

6. Weichen Sie die Samen Brei wieder in 130 cc. Holz Alkohol für zwei weitere Tage.

7. Filter aus dem Brei und halten die Flüssigkeit. Jetzt bekommen die Flüssigkeit, wurde
gespeichert in Schritt 5.

8. Nun gießen Sie beide Flüssigkeiten in einem Cookie-Fach und trocknen lassen.

9. Wenn die gesamte Flüssigkeit getrocknet ist, wird eine gelbliche gummiartige Substanz suchen
erscheinen auf dem Backblech.

10. Nehmen Sie die gelbe Gummi und setzen diese in Kapseln.

================================================== =======================

Sie können die Kapseln nur durch den Kauf von so etwas wie DEXITRIM oder einige bekommen
andere Pille. Auch Berührung kommt, in jel Kapseln. Nur leere sie aus und
Setzen Sie den gelben Gummis in den Kapseln. Lassen Sie die Kapseln über Nacht sitzen
für beste Ergebnisse.


34 Gramm Morgenruhm = 1 nach da Mond
18 Gramm hawaiian Holz = eine weitere Reise nach da Mond

****************************************
* THUNDER GOD *
* GERNE PRESENTS *
**
* LSD *
* FROM * TREFFEN
* The Anarchist Cookbook *
* Mit *
* William Powell *
****************************************

WELCOME TO MY FILE ON LSD. IN DIESER I
WILL direkt schreiben Die Sektion
LSD AUS DEM BUCH Anarchisten COOKBOOK

----------------------------------------
LSD
  Ich denken, an all die Drogen ON THE BLACK
Heutigen Markt ist LSD die am INTER-
RÜFUNG und die seltsamsten. Es ist die
Letzten größeren Medikament an das Leben im KOMMEN
Psychedelischen Subkultur. HUXLEY experimentell
TED mit Meskalin viele Jahre vor
Psychedelika erreichten ihren Mass-Market
Proportionen, sondern diese Experimente
War nicht mit dem gleichen Rahmen des Geistes als
Diese Medikamente werden dem heutigen Umgang. WAHRSCHEINLICH
THE GREAT-GROSSVATTER DIE GANZE
PSYCHEDELIC GEMEINSCHAFT Antonin Artaud
, Die persönlich mit EXPERIMANTED
PEYOTE IN MEXICO. DER UNTERSCHIED ZWISCHEN
Huxleys und Artauds EXPERIMENTIERFREUDIGKEIT
WAS DIE Huxley seinen Unterhalt MANAGED
Erfahrungen unter Toilette CONTROL,
Das er sich gesetzt, WÄHREND ARTAUD
ZUGELASSEN seine Erfahrungen TEIL WERDEN
Seines Lebens. ARTAUD wurde von seinem CHANGED
BEGEGNUNGEN MIT PEYOTE, War diese BAD?
A DIRTY Shirt ist auch geändert werden, wenn
IT wird gewaschen. Durch diese Änderung ARTAUD
KONNTE sehen und verstehen IDEAS
Und Konzepte auf einer anderen Ebene.
Er konnte zu zerreißen
Rationalisierungen, mit Aussparung für REGAURD
Modernen Methoden der Organisation,
ODER SOGAR aktuellen Versionen der Wahrheit.
ARTAUD FOUND, in seinen eigenen Weg und seine eigene
Wahrheiten und HIS eigenen Strukturen von Wert.
Sie sperrten ihn ...

 Ich starb RODEZ UNDER Elektroschock.

 Ich gestorben bin. RECHTLICH und medizinisch GESTORBEN.

Elektroschock COMA dauert 15 Minuten.
Eine halbe Stunde oder mehr, so DIE
PATIENT BRETHES.

JETZT EINE STUNDE nach dem Schock, ich hatte immer noch
Hatte nicht AWADEND UND HATTE gestoppt BREATHI
. Überrascht MY ABNORMAL RIDGIDRY, AN
ATTENDANT gegangen, um GET HE PHYSISION
IN CHARGE, WHO, nach Prüfung ME, FOUND
NO MORE SIGNS OF LIFE IN ME.

Diese Passage war FROM THE ARTAUD GENOMMEN
Anthologie. Ich finde das UNMÖGLICH
Zu werfen DIESE VON AS die Hirngespinste
Of A Madman denn wenn das wahr sein,
ALS ES GIBT KEINE WAHRHEIT, nur Madnes
Und Vernunft, Logik und Unlogik.


LSD NOCH NIE INSANITY VERURSACHT. ES IST
Nicht so POWER. ALL LSD tut, ist
ALLOW A MAN, UM ÜBER gewöhnliche Dinge LOOK
Und sogar auf sich viele Male FÜR DIE
FIRST TIME. LSD KANN NICHT BRINGOUT LATENT
Qualitäten in Ihrer Persönlichkeit. ES KANN NICHT
Sie verrückt machen, so wie es können keine
Sie in ein wärmeres beutifull PERSON.
WAS LSD CAN DO IS zeigen, was du AS
Eine Person wird sich zusammen aus. LSD IST NICHTS
Sondern um ein Medium zu entdecken, die ESSANCE OF
BEING.

LSD ist seit Jahren ILLEGAL NOW,
So dass es auf dem schwarzen Markt.
BEIM KAUF alles auf dem BLACK MARKET
SIE DIESE IMORTANT REGELN
(TG: Dies sind nur gesunden Menschenverstand, sondern
EINIGE LEUTE DONT USE IT)

1. NIEMALS DER STRASSE DER KAUF VON A
  STRANGER.

2. NEVER FRONT MONEY.

3. Wenn Sie Inhaber einer großen Summe
  MONEY nie allein gehen ÜBERALL
  Mit einer Person Ihres DONT TRUST, VIELE
  HÄNDLER sind in Wirklichkeit JUKIES TOO.

4. Nehmen Sie nie eine Waffe mit, wenn Sie
  UMGANG MIT DOPE.

5. Kaufen Sie niemals eine große Menge OHNE
  SAMPLING IT FIRST

6. WENN IHR IN DIE HÄNDLER APARTMENT
  NEVER außer Lebensmittel von Ihm.

7. BAD Säure beträgt üblicherweise NICHTS MEHR
  ALS Geschwindigkeit oder Rattengift.

8. Kaufen Sie niemals L.B.J. IT ist eine Mischung aus
  ACID, BELLODONNA, Heroin.

----------------------------------------
Da die meisten US-CANT erhalten Zugang zu einer
LAB I WILL rechts auf den Abschnitt
MAKIND LSD IN YOU Kitchin,
----------------------------------------
MAKING LSD IN YOU Kitchin
 1. GRIND UP 150 Gramm MORNING GLORY
    SAMEN ODER BABY HAWAIIAN WOOD ROSE
    Samen.

2. In 130 CC. Petrolether, SOAK
   SEEDS für 2 Tage.

3. Filter-Lösung durch enge SCREEN
   Dann wirf AWAY der Flüssigkeit und
   LASSEN DIE SEED MUSH um zu trocknen.

4. Für weitere 2 Tage ERLAUBEN Brei
   Tauchen Sie ein in 110 ccm. VON Holzgeist.

5. FILTER die Lösung erneut UND SPAREN
   Die Flüssigkeit in eine Phiole ETIKETTIERT "1".

6. Wiederholen Sie die Schritte 4 und 5 PUTTIN DIE
   LIQUID in einem Fläschchen "2" und throwin
 `AWAY Der Brei.

7. Gießen Sie die 2 Flüssigkeiten in einem Cookie TRAY
   Und verdampfen lassen. WENN DIESE
   IS DONE Kratzen GELB MUCK, DIESE
   IS Ihr Endprodukt.


VIELE UNTERNEHMEN POISON ihre Samen SO
Verwenden Sie entweder SEEDS U hast dir OR
ORDER von dieser Firma.

    Chong KINDERGARTEN UND BLUMEN
      P.O. BOX 2154
     Honolulu, Hawaii

DOSIERUNGEN

Die Wirksamkeit dieser Droge ist MESURED
IN Mikrogramm oder MICS. In der Regel zwischen
300 und 500 MICS IS genug für eine gute
TRIP.

--------------------------------------
HAVE FUN WITH, was ich gerade schrieb, aber
DONT DER PHEDS erwischt, IS STRAFE
HIGH. BE für weitere Dateien suchen, indem
ME. Also bis zum nächsten Mal,
KILL PHEDS und diejenigen, die darauf bestehen
CALLING US COMPUTERBUDDIES. AUCH NACH
U'VE werfen sie ACROS THE ROOM.
            THUNDER
              GOD
         ////////////
         CCRRAACCKKLE
         BBUUBBRROOMM

Wie LSD zu machen: durch Dr. D-Code & The Pimp
brough zu CAL von CC.
---------------------------------------
 1. Grind bis 150 Gramm Baby Hawaiian
   Holz Rosensamen
 2. In 130cc Petrolether, genießen
   Samen für 2 Tage
 3. Filter-Lösung durch eine enge Bildschirm
 4. Werfen Sie flüssig und ermöglichen die
   Saatgut Brei zu trocken
 5. Für 2 Tage damit der Brei zu genießen
   in 110cc von Holzgeist
 6. Filtern Sie die Lösung wieder sparen
   der Flüssigkeit und seine Kennzeichnung Nr. 1
 7. Re-tränken der Brei in 110cc von Holz
   Alkohol für 2 Tage
 8. Filter und wegwerfen, den Brei
 9. Fügen Sie die Flüssigkeit aus dem zweiten einweichen
   zur Lösung bezeichnet # 1
10. Gießen Sie die Flüssigkeit in einem Cookie-Fach
  und verdampfen lassen
11. Wenn die Flüssigkeit verdampft ist, ein
  gelbes Harz bleibt
12. Kratzen Sie die gelbe Zeug in
  Kapseln.
Bestellen Sie die Samen von einem Großhändler
> Nur <!!!! Cuz andere Samen können giftige Chemikalien in 'em. Sie können die
Samen in die Lösung aus verwendet:


    Chong Nursery & Blumen
    P.O. Box 2154
    Honolulu, Hawaii

VORSICHT, realen und imaginären
   ---------------------------

Suchtpotential (none)
Verfälschungen (einschließlich der Strychnin Mythos, herstellungsbedingten Verunreinigungen,
etc.)
BAD TRIPS (was sie sind, wie Sie vermeiden, was zu tun ist)
Mythen (Briefmarken für Kinder und starrte in die Sonne ..)
GEFAHREN (LSD ist nicht für Idioten ...)
Flashbacks (was sie sind --- post-traumatischen Stress-Syndrom)
Schlaflosigkeit (gemeinsam, was zu tun ist)
Toleranz (erworben und schnell (3 Tage) verloren harmlos, keine Rücknahme)

HINTERGRUND
    ---------

Anthropologie (und Geschichte)
Botanik (Quellen in der Natur)
CHEMIE (Struktur)
Wirkmechanismus (unsicher)
Verwandten Verbindungen (Psilocybin in Pilzen, Mutterkorn-Alkaloide in Winden)
HERSTELLUNG (vergessen)

Drug Testing (keine Angst)
LEGAL Scheduling (sched. 1 Nr. medizinische Zwecke in den USA (trotz Vergangenheit
effektiven Einsatz))

PRAGMATIK
   ----------

Set und Setting (wie man eine gute Zeit zu haben, LSD ist nicht für Bier)
STORAGE (keep in einem kühlen, dunklen, trockenen Ort)
Synergien, BAD KOMBINATIONEN (Cannabis ist gut, sonst ist Vorsicht geboten)

REFERENZEN & MEHR ZU DIESEM THEMA
BEST: _Psychedelic Encyclopedia_ von Peter Stafford
_LSD: Mein Problem Child_ von Albert Hofmann
_ Die legal und illegalen Drugs_ (Consumer Reports)
_Storming Himmel: LSD und die amerikanische dream_ von Jay Stevens

******************************
LSD
Allgemeine Bezeichnung für das Halluzinogen Lysergsäure
diethylamide-25. Entdeckt von Dr. Albert Hofmann im Jahre 1938, ist LSD ein
der stärksten bewusstseinsverändernden Chemikalien bekannt. Eine weiße, geruchlose
Pulver in der Regel oral eingenommen wird, sind die Auswirkungen sehr unterschiedlich und
beginnen
innerhalb von einer Stunde und dauern in der Regel 8-12 Stunden, allmählich verjüngend aus.
Es wurde experimentell in der Behandlung von Alkoholikern und
psychiatrischen Patienten. [Wo es einigen Erfolg zeigte.] Es
signifikant verändert die Wahrnehmung, Stimmung und
psychologische Prozesse, kann und beeinträchtigen die motorische Koordination und
Fertigkeiten.
Während der 1950er und frühen 1960er Jahren wurde LSD Experimente rechtlich
unter der Leitung von Psychiatern und anderen in der Gesundheit und psychische Gesundheit
Berufe. Manchmal dramatisch, unangenehme psychische Reaktionen
auftreten, darunter Panik, große Verwirrung und Angst. Stark
betroffen von Set und Setting. Klassifizierung: Halluzinogene. Slang
Namen: Säure, Zucker. Siehe auch Anhang B. (RIS 27:211-52 Einträge)

- Research Issues 26, Guide to Drug Abuse Forschung Terminologie,
erhältlich NIDA oder die GPO, Seite 54.

..............................

Gemeinsame Drug Slangbezeichnungen (NB: Viele dieser beziehen sich auf die Träger, dh
"Blotter"
oder "Sugar Cubes". Oft sind die lokalen Namen werden zu Mustern bedruckt beziehen
auf dem Löschpapier, zB "Blue Einhorn").:

Acid, 'Cid, Sid, Bart Simpsons, Barrels, Tabs, Blotter, Heavenly blue,
"L", Liquid, Liquid A, Lucy im Himmel mit Diamanten, Microdots,
Geist Reinigungsmittel, Orange Würfel, Orange Micro, Owsley, Hits,
Papier-säure, Sakrament, Sandoz, Sugar, Sugar Klumpen,
Sunshine, Tabs, Ticket, fünfundzwanzig, Hochzeitsglocken, Windowpane,
usw.



..............................

aus dem Datenblatt begleitenden Produkt:
(Siehe auch Physicians Desk Reference von Mitte der 60er Jahre)

Delysid (LSD 25)

D-Lysergsäurediethylamid Tartrat

Dragees mit 0,025 mg. (25 ug.)

Ampullen von 1 ml. mit 0,1 mg. (100 ug.) Für die orale
Verwaltung.

    Die Lösung kann auch gespritzt werden S.C. oder i.v. Die
Wirkung ist identisch mit der oralen Verabreichung, sondern
setzt in rascher.

EIGENSCHAFTEN

   Die Verwaltung von sehr kleinen Dosen von Delysid
(1/2-2 ug. / kg. Körpergewicht) führt zu vorübergehenden Stö-
störungen des Affekts, Halluzinationen, Depersonalisation, Reliv-
Ing. verdrängter Erinnerungen und mild neuro-vegetative Sym-
Toms. Die Wirkung tritt nach 30 bis 90 Minuten und gen-
mündlich dauert 5 bis 12 Stunden. Allerdings intermittierende Stör-
störungen des beeinflussen können gelegentlich für mehrere Tage anhalten.

DAUER DER ANWENDUNG

  Für die orale Verabreichung des Inhalts von 1 Ampulle
Delysid werden mit destilliertem Wasser, eine 1% ige Lösung verdünnt
Weinsäure oder halogenfreiem Leitungswasser.

  Die Absorption der Lösung ist ein wenig schneller
und konstanter, dass der Tabletten.

   Ampullen, die nicht geöffnet wurden, die wurden
geschützt vor Licht und an einem kühlen Ort sind
Stall für einen unbegrenzten Zeitraum. Ampullen, die wurden
geöffnet oder verdünnten Lösungen behalten ihre Wirksamkeit für 1
zu 2 Tage, wenn in einem Kühlschrank gelagert.

Indikation und Dosis

a) Analytische Psychotherapie, zu entlocken Freisetzung von
   Verdrängte und sorgen für geistige Entspannung, par-
   besonders in Angstzuständen und Zwangsneurosen.
   Die Anfangsdosis beträgt 25 ug. (4.1 einer Ampulle oder 1
   Tablette). Diese Dosis wird bei jeder Behandlung durch eine erhöhte
   25 ug. bis die optimale Dosis (in der Regel zwischen 50 und
   200 ug.) Gefunden wird. Die einzelnen Behandlungen sind am besten
   gegeben im Abstand von einer Woche.

b) Experimentelle Untersuchungen über das Wesen von Psychosen: Durch
   unter Delysid selbst, ist der Psychiater in der Lage,
   einen Einblick in die Welt der Ideen und Empfindungen
   psychisch Kranken. Delysid kann auch induziert werden
   Modell Psychosen von kurzer Dauer bei gesunden Probanden,
   Diese Erleichterung Studien über die Pathogenese der psychischen
   Krankheit.

   In gesunden Probanden in Dosierungen von 25 bis 75 ug. sind in der Regel
   ausreichen, um eine halluzinatorische Psychose (auf einer Produktion
   durchschnittlich 1 ug. / kg. Körpergewicht). In bestimmten Formen der
   Psychose und bei chronischem Alkoholismus, sind höhere Dosen
   notwendig (2 bis 4 ug. / kg. Körpergewicht).

VORSICHTSMASSNAHMEN

   Krankhaften seelischen Bedingungen kann dadurch intensiviert werden,
Delysid. Besondere Vorsicht ist bei Patienten mit einer notwendigen
Suizidalität und in jenen Fällen, wo eine psychotische
Entwicklung offenbar unmittelbar bevor. Die psycho-affektive Labilität
und die Tendenz zu begehen impulsive Handlungen können gelegentlich
zuletzt für einige Tage.

   Delysid sollte nur unter strenger angewendet werden medi-
cal Aufsicht. Die Aufsicht sollte nicht abgebrochen werden
bis die Wirkungen der Droge völlig abgenutzt.

Gegenmittel

   Die psychischen Auswirkungen von Delysid schnell rückgängig gemacht werden
durch die i.m. Verabreichung von 50 mg. Chlorpromazin.

Literatur auf Anfrage erhältlich.

SANDOZ AG., Basel, SCHWEIZ

9792 *- Z1540 e.-sp./d.-fr.
Gedruckt in der Schweiz.

..............................

Von: An Introduction to Pharmakologie 3. Auflage, JJ Lewis, 1964 (p 385)

Peripheral Aktionen

Dazu gehören ein Oxytocin-Wirkung und Verengung der Blutgefäße
von isolierten vaskulären Betten. In intakten Tieren LSD führt zu einem Rückgang der
Blutdruck, aber seine antiadrenerge Potenz ist gering.

LSD Mydriasis verursachen beim Menschen und anderen Spezies. Es verursacht auch
Hyperglykämie und Mydriasis, hat eine Hyperthermie Wirkung und verursacht
Piloerektion. Diese Effekte sind sympathisch in der Natur und sind
abgeschafft durch Ganglion Sperrung oder Blockern.
Parasympathische Effekte sind Speichelfluss, lachyrmation, Erbrechen,
Hypotonie und brachycardia. Niedrige Dosen stimulieren die Atmung, sondern
größere Dosen drücken sie.

(Nb: Mydriasis = Pupillenerweiterung)
..............................

Hoffman dachte der diethylamide Version des Lysergsäure-Molekül
könnte eine respiratorische Stimulans sein ...

..............................

Der "speedy" Qualität des unverfälschten LSD ist aufgrund der pharmakologischen
Aktionen von LSD selbst, und nicht unbedingt durch Zersetzung oder Verunreinigungen.
LSD verursacht typischerweise früh adrenerge Wirkungen wie Schwitzen, Nervosität,
Kiefer Schleif-und Schlaflosigkeit, die leicht mit den Nebenwirkungen sind verwirrt
von Amphetamin.

******************************
Suchtpotential:

Null körperliche Suchtpotential. Nicht etwas macht, das Sie
do it sofort wieder. Selten Leute es verwenden, um in einem negativen Flucht
So oder als Teil der "polyvalenten abuse" Verhalten oder Verhaltensmuster.

******************************

Verfälschungen:

Mehrere Probleme mit illegalen Drogen assoziiert: die unbekannten
Reinheit und ihre unbekannter Stärke. Wegen seiner extremen Billigkeit
und Potenz, ist die Reinheit von LSD in blotter Form nicht ein Problem: Entweder
es ist lsd oder unbehandelte Papier. Die Reinheit der Pulver, Pillen und Flüssigkeiten
kann nicht als sicher angenommen werden. Im Hinblick auf die ungewisse Kraft, die
Stärke trifft in diesen Tagen ist niedrig, 100 Mikrogramm oder so. Man sollte
vorsichtig sein und davon ausgehen, dass das kleinste Quadrat in einer Pflasterung eines Blatts
ist eine Dosis, auch wenn ein Druckbild mehrere abdeckt. Ein erfahrenes
Person urteilen konnte die Stärke der Dosis, und wenn davon ausgegangen wird, alle
Dosen auf einem Blatt wurden gleichwertig verarbeitet, würden die Dosen
für andere kalibriert werden, so wie alles andere.

..............................

> Von _Psychedelic Chemistry_ durch MVSmith, 2. Auflage p 5:

"Es gibt viel Aberglauben in Bezug auf Reinigung von
Psychedelika. Eigentlich keine Verunreinigungen, die vorhanden sein können als
Ergebnis der synthetischen Verfahren wird mit ziemlicher Sicherheit ohne sein
Wirkung auf die Reise. Wenn es 200 Mikrogramm LSD in einer Tablette,
konnte es nur sein 200-Mikrofone von Verunreinigungen, auch wenn die LSD wurde
ursprünglich nur 50% rein (vorausgesetzt, sonst nichts hinzugefügt wurde), und
wenige Verbindungen wird eine signifikante Wirkung bis hundert erzeugen, um eine
tausendfachen dieser Menge wurde aufgenommen. Selbst Meskalin, das
hat eine ziemlich spezifische psychedelische Wirkung, erfordert etwa tausend
thimes diesen Betrag. "

..............................

Beachten Sie, dass: 1) auf ein Stück Papier, im Vergleich zu einem Tablett, kann man nicht
einmal hinzufügen
signifikante Mengen von Verfälschungen 2) Verfälschungsmitteln kosten würde, während
leeres Papier wird rip off jemand genauso gut.

LSD selbst hat einige "body-Knicke" auf einige Leute einige Male. Übelkeit
einer von ihnen. seine in der Regel mild und vorübergehend. es hat auch speedlike
(Dh adrenerge Stimulation) Effekte, etc.

..............................

[Bezug auf Strychnin] 15 mg wurde tödlich, aber eine typische fatal
Dosis wird in der Größenordnung von 50 mg. [Ein weiterer Beitrag zeigt 25 mg. als LD50] 1
mg Strychnin mündlich hat wahrscheinlich keine beobachtbaren pharmakologischen Wirkungen
in einem typischen Erwachsenen. [1 mg als das Zehnfache der effektiven Dosis von LSD, von der
Weise.]
Eigentlich, denke ich, dass PharmChem etwas analysiert in der Größenordnung von
2.000 LSD-Proben zwischen 1972 und 1979 und noch nie eine mit Strychnin gefunden
in, es wäre besser. Ich bin über alle ihre Daten gehen mit einem Zahnstocher und
Ich melde mich wieder bei Ihnen genau, was ich zu finden. Es sieht aus wie der prozentuale
Anteil der
LSD mit Strychnin in ist es jedoch, zumindest unter .05%. Mehr ein wenig
später.


..............................

> From "Der PharmChem Newsletter" (Bd. 3, Nr. 3), 1973:

Zusammenfassung der Straße Drug Ergebnisse - 1973: "von 189 Proben von LSD quantitativ
analysiert, betrug die durchschnittliche Dosis 67.25ug LSD. Von den 32 Proben von angeblichen
Meskalin tatsächlich mit Meskalin, [... Zeug über Meskalin und
Pilze gelöscht ...] Es ist interessant, die niedrige Inzidenz von Note
Täuschung bei den weniger nach psychotomimetics LSD und PCP gesucht. "

..............................

Dies ist die PharmChem Analyse von LSD von 1972 (Bd. 1, Nr. 1) bis zu dem Zeitpunkt
dass die DEA nicht mehr erlaubte ihnen, quantitative Messungen (1974 -
Bd. 3, Nr. 2 im Lieferumfang enthalten). HINWEIS: NO STRYCHNIN! auch beachten, dass
PharmChem gefunden
eine Probe von Shrooms mit Strychnin in 1972 (Bd. 1, Nr. 7) kontaminiert und
Ich würde denken, kann man davon ausgehen, dass sie auch überprüft LSD für Strychnin.


******************************

BAD TRIPS:

 Eine Person auf LSD, die depressiv wird, aufgeregt oder verwirrt kann
Erfahrung diese Gefühle in einer überwältigenden Weise, die auf wächst
sich. Die beste Lösung ist, um störende Einflüsse zu entfernen, erfahren Sie
einen sicheren, bequemen Milieu, und beruhigen die Ausflügler, dass die Dinge
sind in Ordnung. Es kann diejenigen trösten, dass sie verlieren ihre Angst
Gedanken daran zu erinnern, dass es in einigen Stunden zu beenden.

Die Behörden der Injektionen von anti-psychotischen fond
Drogen. Erholung in der Gegenwart von Behörden, in Krankenhäusern oder
Polizeistationen, ist nicht angenehm. Beruhigungsmittel und Tranquilizer wie
Valium kann dazu beitragen, Panik und Angst, aber die beste Lösung ist
Ruhe reden. Einige behaupten, dass Niacin (Over-the-Counter Vitamin
Aufpreis) abbrechen kann eine Reise, aber das kann auf einen Placebo-Effekt
(Niacin erzeugt eine Spülwirkung).

******************************

Mythen:

LSD gehört nicht "Kristalle", die im Körper zu "verdrängt" werden wohnen
später, was Rückblenden. LSD ist ein kristalliner Feststoff (obwohl es
unwahrscheinlich, dass man immer genug zu sein, die mit bloßem
Auge), aber es ist leicht wasserlöslich, kann also nicht leibhaftig
Ablagerungen. Darüber hinaus ist es metabolisiert und ausgeschieden Stunden. Die
bogus "gelockert Kristall" description in nicht notwendig zu erklären,
Rückblenden, die psychologischen Phänomene (siehe Flashbacks) sind.

LSD verursacht keine Chromosomenschäden.

In Science 30 April 1972, Volume 172 Anzahl 3982 S. 431-440 gab es eine
Artikel von Norman I. Dishotsky, William D. Loughman, Robert E. Mogar und
Wendell R. Lipscomb mit dem Titel "LSD und genetische Schäden - Ist LSD-Chromosom
schädlich, krebserregend, mutagen, teratogen oder? ". Sie überprüften 68
Studien und Fallberichte publiziert 1967-1972, Abschluss "Aus unserer eigenen
Arbeit und von einer Überprüfung der Literatur, glauben wir, dass reines LSD eingenommen
in moderaten Dosen nicht beschädigt Chromosomen in vivo, nicht dazu führt,
nachweisbaren genetischen Schäden, und ist kein teratogen oder krebserzeugend beim
Menschen. "

Nun, es gibt die Studie von Sidney Cohen, der hier zitiert wurde
kürzlich, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 130, 1960. Die
Folgende stammt aus Storming Heaven Jay Stevens ': "Cohen untersuchten eine Stichprobe
von fünftausend Personen, die LSD 25000 übernommen hatte
Zeiten. Er fand heraus, und durchschnittlich 1,8 psychotische Episoden pro Tausend
ingestions, 1,2 Selbstmordversuche und 0,4 vollendete Suizide.
"Angesichts der enormen Bandbreite der psychischen Reaktionen es hervorruft, '
schloss er, "LSD ist ein erstaunlich sicheres Medikament."


Einige urban legends: Ich habe zwei "Geschichten" über die Menschen blind zu hören
sich auf "Drogen". Einer war als eine Täuschung, durch die Person, die ergab,
verübten sie (anscheinend war es soll "illustrieren" die Gefahren
von LSD), ist ein weiteres von Anti-Drogen-Lautsprecher an den Gymnasien trabte:

1) Sieben Menschen auf LSD starrte in die Sonne und verlor 90% ihrer Lektüre
  Vision.

2) Ein Jugendlicher, während auf LSD verhaftet ausgerissen seine Augäpfel in seiner
  Gefängniszelle, und fühlte keinen Schmerz.

Während diese falschen sind, hat das Medikament starke Wirkung auf den Geist
und die Verbraucher sollten sich der Gefahren bewusst und handeln entsprechend.

..............................

Es ist ein gelegentlich verbreitet gefälschte Warnung von manchen Polizei
über LSD-geschnürt "Tattoos" oder Aufkleber (die "blauen Stern tattoo" Geschichte) wird
, die den Kindern. Dies ist wahrscheinlich mit einigen hick Polizist oder ignorant entstanden
und panisch Eltern nicht verstehen einige Kinder-Zeichentrickfilm (zB Mickey Maus
in Zauberers Gewand) auf ein Blatt Löschpapier gedruckt.

..............................

Siehe auch Mythen über das Testen in Drug Testing


******************************
GEFAHREN:

Rein psychologischen Gefahren, nicht schädlich für Körper. Mai latent Release
Psychose oder Depression verschlimmern, was zu irrationalem Verhalten. Da
besteht auch die Gefahr von dumm oder unvorsichtig Verhalten, zB misjudging
Entfernungen oder Denken kann man fliegen. Physikalische Überdosierung ist nicht eine Gefahr,
obwohl man sich leicht verschlucken kann mehr als man in der Lage sein zu handhaben
psychologisch.

..............................

Da die "LSD Psychose" ist nicht unterscheidbar von non-drug-
induzierten Psychose, haben wir angemessene Hinweise darauf, dass LSD schließen
war nicht die alleinige Ursache der Psychose. Stattdessen scheint es, dass die
Medikament brachte die Probleme in gefährdeten Personen.
Interessanterweise war die Rate der elterlichen Alkoholismus gefunden werden viel
höher in LSD-Patienten als bei anderen Patienten oder in der allgemeinen
Bevölkerung nach einer Studie (Vardy und Kay, Arch-Gen-Psych, 1983 40 (8):
877-83).

..............................

Lethal (toxischen) Dosen von LSD sind konservativ mehrere Dutzend
Tausende Male so viel wie eine normale Dosis, so dass es (in den toxischen
Sinn) als eines der sichersten Medikamente bekannt. Siehe Abschnitt über Pharmakologie für
Beschreibung der körperlichen Nebenwirkungen.

   Die LD50 für Psilocybin (Wirkstoff in Pilzen) beträgt 275 mg / kg
i.v. in Mäusen. Natürlich wäre es viel länger dauern p.o. um jemanden umbringen.

   Das berichtet LD50-Werte für LSD sind 46, 16,5, 0,3 mg / kg IV für Mäuse,
Ratten und Kaninchen, jeweils. Auch hier ist es schwer, genau zu übersetzen
diese Zahlen auf die mündliche Werte.

Beachten Sie, dass eine durchschnittliche Dosis beim Menschen 0,001 mg / kg, dh 1
Mikrogramm / kg, dh,
1 Teil pro Milliarde auf das Gewicht.

..............................

Nehmen Sie niemals irgendwelche Drogen während der Schwangerschaft.

******************************

Rückblenden:

 Zitiert ohne Erlaubnis von "legalen und illegalen Drogen", durch schriftliche
Edward M. Brecher und die Redakteure von Consumer Reports. ISBN: 0-316-15340-0

  Eine einfache Erklärung des LSD Flashbacks und ihrer veränderten Charakter
nach 1967, zur Verfügung steht. Nach dieser Theorie, fast jeder
leidet Rückblenden mit oder ohne LSD. Jede intensive emotionale
Erfahrung - der Tod eines geliebten Menschen, der Moment der Entdeckung, dass man sich in
Liebe, im Moment eines Automobils smashup oder eine schmale Flucht aus einer
smashup - kann in der Folge und unerwartet lebhaft wieder zu Bewusstsein
Wochen oder Monate später. Seit dem LSD-Trip ist oft eine intensive emotionale
Erfahrung ist es kaum verwunderlich, dass es ähnlich wie "back flash".

  <end Zitierten>

"Posttraumatische Belastungsstörung wurde häufig mit Krieg assoziiert
Veteranen, aber es wirkt sich auch auf die Opfer von Katastrophen und Gewalt ... Experten
schätzen, dass 1% der Bevölkerung von der Erkrankung leidet. "
--- LA Times, 18. Februar 1992, p A3, "Journey für ein besseres Leben die Hölle für einige
Frauen."


******************************

Schlaflosigkeit:

Insomnia tritt häufig nach der Reise. Ein mildes, over-the-counter
Schlafmittel helfen kann, und diese Antihistaminika nicht nachteiligen
Wechselwirkungen. Auch, wie einige Leute um eine kleine Menge von alkoholischen verbrauchen
Getränke zu "glatt die jitteries". Die üblichen Vorsichtsmaßnahmen zu schlafen
Hilfsmittel, wenn Alkohol wurde gelten natürlich verbraucht.


******************************

TOLERANZ:

Erworbene schnell, innerhalb von 3 Tagen. Toleranz zerstreut gleich schnell,
ohne Rücktritt, Gier, oder die Symptome der Sucht.

Cross-Toleranz kann und zwischen anderen Indol entwickelt Halluzinogene, zB
DMT, LSD und Psilocybin.

******************************

BOTANIK:

"Indol-Alkaloide Im Werk Halluzinogene" Richard Evans Schultes, PhD.
Journal of Psychedelic Drugs Vol.8 (No.1) Jan-März 1976

"Der Hauptbestandteil der Samen von Rivea corymbosa ist ergine oder d-Lysergsäure
Säureamid. Minor Alkaloide vorhanden sind die zugehörigen d-isolysergic Säureamid
(Isoergine), Chanoclavin, elymoclavine und lysergol. Die Samen von Ipomoea
violacea haben eine ähnliche Zusammensetzung, aber anstatt lysergol, haben sie
Ergometrin (Ergonovin). Später, sehr kleine Mengen von zwei Alkaloide
ergometrinine und penniclavine - wurden in I. violacea durch Chromatographie gefunden.
die gesamte Alkaloidgehalt der Samen von Ipomoea viloacea beträgt ca.
fünfmal so groß wie die der Samen von Rivea corymbosa: 0,06% in der
ehemaligen, 0,012% in der letzteren. Dieser Unterschied in der Alkaloidgehalt
erklärt, warum Inder kleinere Dosen von Samen der Ipomoea beschäftigen als der
Rivea.

"Ethnopharmacology und Taxonomie der mexikanischen Psychodysleptic Plants"
 Jose Luis Diaz M.D.
 Journal of Psychedelic Drugs Vol. 11 (1-2) Jan-Juni 1979

Samen von verschiedenen Winden enthalten
Ergoline: ergine, isoergine, Ergonovin
Glucoside: turbicoryn [offenbar in Rivea corymbosa only]

genannt Tlitlitzen (aztekischen Wort für "The Divine Black One")
bis zu den Azteken, ist Schwarz eine "heiße" Farbe,
eine Eigenschaft von Psychopharmaka mit Licht verbunden

..............................

"Der Botanische und Chemical Distribution von Halluzinogenen"
Richard Evans Schultes, PhD.
Journal of Psychedelic Drugs Vol.9 (No.3) Jul-September 1977

"I. violacea, die oft durch seine Synonyme genannt I. rubro-caerulea und
I. tricolor, ist im Gartenbau durch eine Reihe von "Sorten", vertreten
wie zum Beispiel: Heavenly Blue, Pearly Gates, Fliegende Untertassen, Wedding Bells,
Sommer Skies und Blue Stars - all das enthalten, die halluzinogene
Mutterkorn-Alkaloide. "

..............................

"Burger Medicinal Chemistry" Fourth Edition, Volume III
Kapitel: "Halluzinogene" Alexander Shulgin

Zusammensetzung in% der gesamten Alkaloide
=========================================
Compound R. corymbosa I. violacea
=============== ================ =================== ===
Ergine (LA-111) 54 48 58, 10-16, 5-10
Isoergine 17, 35 8, 18-26, 9-17
Ergometrin 8
Elymoclavine 4 4
Chanoclavin 4 4
Lysergol 4

Gesamtalkaloiden .012, 0,04 0,06, .04 -. 08, 0,02 -. 04
(% Der Trockenmasse
 von Saatgut)



******************************

Anthropologie:


_Die Road to Eleusius_ von Hoffman, Wasson und Ruck.

Zusammenfassung: Eine geheime Religion seit 2.000 Jahren in Griechenland gab es (bis
die Christen verdrängt es um 400 n. Chr.). Die Einleitung war offen
für jeden, der griechisch sprachen und nicht Mord, einmal in ihrem engagierten
Leben. Nach 6 Monate langen Vorbereitungsphase Rituale, ging Mitglieder
Eleusius worauf sie erfuhr geheime Rituale. Die Rituale
blieb geheim bis 1970.

Wasson, ein ethnomycological Gelehrte und Ex-Banker (und die erste
weiß bis Ausflug auf Pilzen mit der mexikanischen Indianer) schlug die
folgende Erklärung des Eleusis Geheimnisse Hoffman, ein
Mutterkorn-Alkaloid-Experte Chemiker, und Ruck, ein griechischer Gelehrter:

Das Geheimnis der rituellen beteiligt die persönlichen Visionen induziert durch
Trink das Korn Dekokt verabreicht, um die Eingeweihten. Die
Domestizierung von Getreide erlaubt die Entwicklung der griechischen
Zivilisation, es brachte auch Mutterkornpilz (St. Antonius-Feuer
Schande).

Die dünne Buch enthält ihre Argument für den Einsatz der Mutterkorn-Pilz
in Eleusis Riten, die Bereitstellung Wasson einige Hintergrundinformationen über die
Verwendung von
Pilze und Getreide und ihre Rolle in der Kultur; Hoffman auf der
Psychoaktivität Mutterkorn-Stämme, und Ruck auf den mythologischen und
kulturellen Hintergrund der Sekte.

Evidence beinhaltet: Hoffman dosiert selbst mit großen (Mutterkorn-derived)
Dosen von geburtshilflichen Verbindungen Assay ihre halluzinogene Potential,
und fand sie eine solche Tätigkeit zu besitzen. Die Eleusis Tempelanlage noch
bleibt, aber es gibt keinen Platz zum theatralischen Performances, nur Reihen von
Auslösung initiiert, weitere Unterstützung ihrer Argumentation.

Eine interessante Lektüre, und seine nette, zu denken, dass die Kultur, die
mehr oder weniger führen zu den westlichen Industrieländern hatte man psychedelische Rituale.
(Verschiedene griechische Persönlichkeiten nahmen an der Rituale, darunter Plato).

..............................


Ipomoea purpurea: ein natürlich vorkommendes PSYCHEDELIC

Charles Savage, Willis W. Harman und James Fadiman

> Von "Altered States of Consciousness, A Book of Readings"
    bearbeitet von Charles Tart BF311.T28

Von den natürlich vorkommenden Alkaloiden verwendet in alten und modernen
religiösen Riten und Wahrsagerei eine der am wenigsten untersuchten Ololiuqui. Die
früheste bekannte Beschreibung der Nutzung von Hernandez, der König von Spanien
Leibarzt, der eine Reihe von Jahren in Mexiko verbrachte das Studium der
Heilpflanzen der Indianer und "genau dargestellt Ololiuqui als
morning glory in seinen Werken, die nicht bis 1651 veröffentlicht wurde "(Schultes,
1960). In seinen Worten: "Wenn eine Person Ololiuqui nimmt, in kurzer Zeit verliert er
klare Begründung wegen der Stärke des Samens, und er glaubt, er sei in
Gemeinschaft mit dem Teufel "(Alacon, 1945). Schultes (1941) und Wasson (1961)
ausführlich über die religiösen und divinatory Einsatz von zwei Arten von gemeldet haben
Morgen-Herrlichkeit Samen, Rivea corymbosa und Ipomoea violacea, unter den Mazatec
und Zapoteken. Die erste dieser wird angenommen, dass die Ololiuqui der sein
alten Azteken.

Im Jahr 1955 Osmond beschrieben persönlichen Experimenten mit Rivea corymbosa Samen und
berichtet, dass die Effekte ähnlich denen von d-Lysergsäure wurden
diethylamide (LSD-25). Er schlug vor, (1957), dass das Wort psychedelischen (dh
mind-Manifestation) als Oberbegriff für diese Klasse von Substanzen verwendet werden
verweisen auf ihre bewusstseinserweiternde und psychotherapeutische Funktion als
kontrastiert mit der halluzinogenen Aspekt. Im Jahr 1960 Hoffman berichtet, dass er
hatte isolierten d-Lysergsäure-amid (LA) und d-isolysergic Säureamid aus dem
Samen der beiden Rivea corymbosa und Ipomoea violacea. LA ist sehr ähnlich wie LSD
in ihrer psychologischen und physiologischen Manifestationen aber wird berichtet, dass
etwa ein Zwanzigstel der psychologischen Wirkung von LSD (Cerletti &
Döpfner, 1958).

Die Arbeit dieser Forscher führte uns zu einer Vorstudie des
psychedelischen Eigenschaften von Arten Ipomoea, die üblicherweise innerhalb gefunden
werden
den kontinentalen Vereinigten Staaten. Die Samen von Ipomoea purpurea, die gemeinsame
Klettern Morgenruhm, die Samen der Ipomoea violacea ähneln und wurden
gefunden, um ähnliche psychedelische Eigenschaften haben. Jüngste Analysen von Taber et al.
(1963) wurde der Nachweis erbracht, dass LA in den Sorten verwendet wird und ist
wahrscheinlich
die primäre Wirkstoff.

Die Auswirkungen der Samen von Ipomoea purpurea (Sorten Heavenly Blue und
Pearly Gates) in insgesamt 45 Fällen sind im Folgenden zusammengefasst. Die Themen sind
Alle normal funktionierenden Erwachsenen und die Mehrheit hatte bereits Erfahrung mit
LSD. Das Einsetzen der Wirkung ist etwa eine halbe Stunde nach dem Samen wurden
kaute und schluckte, und sie letzten 5-8 Stunden.


Low Dose, 20-50 Seeds (11 Teilnehmer)

Diese Dosierung selten produziert jede visuelle Verzerrungen, obwohl mit den Augen
geschlossen kann es sein Anfang Bildsprache. Unruhe, durch den Wechsel belegt




oben beschrieben.
..............................

				
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