President U Thein Sein receives receives Singaporean Foreign by xiangpeng


									                                                                                                                                                             Established 1914

   Volume XIX, Number 237                                               4th Waning of Nadaw 1373 ME                                       Wednesday, 14 December, 2011

        Our Three Main                          *      Non-disintegration of *                  Non-disintegration of *                            Perpetuation of
        National Causes                                the Union                                National Solidarity                                Sovereignty

             President U Thein Sein receives Singaporean
                  Foreign Affairs Minister and party
         NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—President          the President Office U Thein Nyunt,
   of the Republic of the Union of              Union Minister for National Planning
   Myanmar U Thein Sein received a              and Economic Development U Tin
   goodwill delegation led by Foreign           Naing Thein, and departmental heads.
   Affairs Minister of the Republic of                The goodwill deleagation headed
   Singapore Mr K Shanmugam, at                 by Foreign Affairs Minister of the
   Credentials Hall of the Presidential         Republic of Singapore Mr K
   House here at 3:30 pm today.                 Shanmugam was accompanied by
         Also present at the call together      Singaporean Ambassador to the
   with President U Thein Sein were             Republic of the Union of Myanmar Mr
   Union Minister for Foreign Affairs U         Chua Hian Kong Robert.
   Wunna Maung Lwin, Union Minister at                At the call, both sides discussed
                                                matters related to economic and
                                                investment between two countries.
     President of the Republic of the
    Union of Myanmar U Thein Sein
    receives Foreign Affairs Minister               President of the Republic of the

       of the Republic of Singapore              Union of Myanmar U Thein Sein
     Mr K Shanmugam and party at                    cordially greets Foreign Affairs
             Credentials Hall of the                  Minister of the Republic of
             Presidential House in                  Singapore Mr K Shanmugam.
              Nay Pyi Taw.—MNA                                    MNA

       Myanmar National                               Formation of                            Python to be donated to Ygn Zoo
                                                                                                 YANGON, 13 Dec—A python with a                 The python was handed over to
        Human Rights                                                                      girth of one feet and six inches, measuring    Staff Officer U Sai San Thein of Township

       Commission issues
                                                    political parties                     17 feet and 6 inches in length was seized by   Forest Department through Shwegyin
                                                                                          U Myint Naing and party who live in Doebin     Township General Administration
          statement                                     scrutinized                       village, Southern village-tract in Shwegyin
                                                                                          Township, Bago District, Bago Region while
                                                                                                                                         Department on 8 December. Plan is
                                                                                                                                         underway to sent it to Zoological Gardens
                                                                                          they went to Hteewahchaung in                  (Yangon).
                                       PAGE 9                                  PAGE 8     Winkhanein village to cut bamboo.                                                  MNA

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   2    THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011

                                                                Myanmar, Singapore to fortify relations and cooperation
             Wednesday, 14 December, 2011

       Join mass sports activities to
       be mentally and physically
          Health is the most fundamental
    requirement for development of a human
    society. It is commonly known that air pollution
    and lack of sanitation can be hazardous to
    health. However, few people know that impure
    air in buildings, houses and worksites can be
    dangerous to health.
          It is the best for everyone to inhale fresh,
    pure air for their health and longevity. With                    Union Minister U Wunna Maung Lwin receives Minister for Foreign Affairs of Singapore
    the coming of cold season, we should breathe                                            Mr K Shanmugam and party.—MNA
    in fresh air while going for a morning walk.                      NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—The visiting Minister for                    Also present were Directors-General and officials
    Walking in early mornings can refresh our                  Foreign Affairs and Minister for Law of the Republic of          from the ministry.
    minds and strengthen our joints.                           Singapore, Mr K Shanmugam and party paid a courtesy call                In the evening, Union Minister U Wunna Maung
          It is advisable for every adult to take a            on U Wunna Maung Lwin, Union Minister for Foreign                Lwin hosted a dinner in honour of the Minister for Foreign
    30-minute- or an hour-walk every day and                   Affairs of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, at the          Affairs and Minister for Law of the Republic of Singapore
                                                               ministry here today. They discussed matters relating to          and party at Thingaha Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw.
    physical exercise. Taking physical exercise
                                                               strengthening bilateral relationship and cooperation.                                                                 MNA
    for one to three hours a week can energize the
    heart and lungs. Moreover, those suffering
    from hypertension, lung disease, heart disease
                                                                 Union CPT Minister meets Telecommunications ministers
    or arthritics should take a walk regularly in
    early mornings and evenings.
          Now, December’s mass sports activities                                                                                                                             U Thein
    are being carried out in which every person                                                                                                                                Tun
    can take part. So, we should participate in at                                                                                                                           receives
    least a certain kind of sports.                                                                                                                                        Minister of
          Doing physical exercise is the most cost-                                                                                                                          Internal
                                                                                                                                                                           Affairs and
    effective and can prevent most diseases. By
    walking in the sun while breathing in fresh air                                                                                                                          tions of
    in early mornings, we can gain natural energy.                                                                                                                          Japan Mr
    Therefore, all are urged to participate in the                                                                                                                           Kimiaki
    mass sports activities so that they can be both                                                                                                                         Matsuzaki
    mentally and physically healthy.                                                                                                                                       and Deputy
                                                                                                                                                                            Mr Tetsuo
      2nd ASEAN Cup Hockey                                                                                                                                                 Yamakawa.
    Competition-2011 commences                                           NAY PYI T AW, 13 Dec—Union Minister for                e-government and e-banking and hi-speed internet
          YANGON, 13 Dec—The opening of 2nd ASEAN Cup          Communications, Posts and Telegraphs U Thein Tun received        technologies.
   Hockey Competition-2011 took place at Theinbyu Hockey       ministers and deputy ministers of ASEAN member nations                     The Union Minister and Information Technology
   Turf in Mingala Taungnyunt Township here this morning,      and dialogue partner nations attending the 11th ASEAN            Minister of India Mr Hon Sachin Pilot held talks on matters
   attended by Chief Minister of Yangon Region U Myint Swe.    Telecommunications and Information Technology Ministers          related to Moye-Mandalay fiber connection, microwave link
          Yangon Mayor Minister for Yangon Region              Meeting at International Convention Centre here on 9             between Reed and Taka, mobile communication and proposed
   Development Affairs U Hla Myint and Region Minister for     December.                                                        inland fiber connection to Europe and Africa through India.
   Planning and Economics U Than Myint opened the                        In meeting with Minister of Internal Affairs and                 Deputy Secretary General Mr Houlin Zhao of ITU
   competition.                                                Communications of Japan Mr Kimiaki Matsuzaki and Deputy          and the Union Minister discussed dispatching of marketing
          Host Myanmar along with Malaysia, Singapore and      Minister Mr Tetsuo Yamakawa, the Union Minister discussed        and legal experts to Myanmar and cooperation in hi-speed
   Thailand will fight against each other. The match between   matters related to human resources development, data centre,     internet technologies.—MNA
   Malaysia and Thailand is debut of the competition and       and Thailand and Singapore as second on 16 December will
   Singapore and Myanmar as today’s second match. Singapore    vie with each other. On 17 December, matches for fourth and        Ramayana Drama to be
   and Malaysia as first match and Myanmar and Thailand as     third places and for second and first places will be held. All
   second on 14 December, and Malaysia and Myanmar as first    matches will start at 1 pm.—MNA                                       staged on 17, 18
                                                                                                                                       YANGON, 13 Dec—To resurrect Myanmar Traditional
                                                                                                                                Ramayana Drama which has faded away for over 60 years,
                                                                                                             Minister           Anawa Thiri Rama and Obo Rama will jointly restage the full
                                                                                                             U Myint            scene of the opera on 17 and 18 December at National
                                                                                                           Swe enjoys           Theater on Myomakyaung Street in Dagon Township.
                                                                                                                                       Myanmar bard U Toe first complied Rama verse
                                                                                                            Myanmar             during the reign of Bodaw Phaya. He then added dialogues
                                                                                                               and              and scripts to the verse to entertain the court. Myawady
                                                                                                           Singaporean          Mingyi U Sa staged the opera on 1st Waxing of Nadaw 1151
                                                                                                                                Myanmar Era and Ramayana Opera had celebrated its 222nd
                                                                                                                                birthday previous 1st Nadaw Waxing.
                                                                                                              teams                    Tickets are available at National Theater and No (14/
                                                                                                           competition.         a) Kyatawya Street, Bahan Township, here between 9 am
                                                                                                             KYEMON             and 5 pm beginning 14 December.

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                                                                                                    THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011 3
                                                                                                           In this 5 Aug, 2010 file photo, a rescue
       More than nine million in Sahel face food                                                         worker is seen at the scene of an accident
                                                                                                            involving two school buses, a tractor-
                       crisis                                                                              trailer and another passenger vehicle,
                                                                       alarming,” Eric Hazard, Oxfam        near Gray Summit, Mo Federal safety
                                                                       regional economic justice         investigators say a 19-year-old driver was
                                                                       manager, told a news               texting at the time his pickup truck, two
                                                                       conference in Dakar. “We           school buses and other vehicles collided
                                                                       are in a region today where            in a deadly pileup on an interstate
                                                                       we have a cereal deficit of              highway in Missouri last year.
                                                                       about 2.5 million tonnes.”                          INTERNET
                                                                            In some countries such
                                                                       as Chad and Mauritania,
                                                                       estimates show a fall in cereal
                                                                                                          Driver was texting in Missouri traffic pileup
                                                                       production of about 50                 WASHINGTON, 13 Dec—A 19-year-old           when the pickup truck rammed the back of
                                                                       percent, compared with last       driver was texting just before his pickup       the tractor truck, the board said. The pickup
                                                                       year’s production.                truck, two school buses and a tractor truck     was then rear-ended by a school bus, which
    A woman from Niger gathers spilled maize. Major food                                                 collided in a deadly pileup on an interstate    was in turn struck by the second bus.
                                                                            Hazard said the most
     shortages are expected in the Sahel Region next year.                                               highway in Missouri last year, the National          The board is scheduled to meet Tuesday
                                                                       alarming situation is in Niger
                           INTERNET                                                                      Transportation Safety Board said Monday.        to hear the results of an investigation into
                                                                       where six million - almost a
        DAKAR, 13 Dec—More                  People in Mauritania,      half of the population - were          Two people — the pickup driver and a       the accident and to make safety
   than nine million people in         Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali       at risk. In Mali, 2.9 million     15-year-old student on one of the buses —       recommendations. The meeting will focus
   five countries in Africa’s          and Chad, are at particularly   people live in areas that may     were killed and 38 others were injured in the   on the “distractive effects of portable
   Sahel region face food crisis       high risk, with national food   be hit by food shortage next      Aug. 5, 2010 accident on the interstate         electronic devices when used by drivers,”
   next year, following low            reserves dangerously low        year, while in Mauritania         highway near Gray Summit, Mo Nearly 50          the board said in a statement. The board has
   rainfall, poor harvests, high       and prices of some key          700,000 people - more than a      students, mostly members of a high school       previously recommended bans on texting
   food prices and a drop in           cereals as much as 40 percent   quarter of the population -       band from St James, Mo, were on the buses       and cell phone use by commercial drivers,
   remittances from migrants,          higher than the five-year       are reported as at risk of        heading to the Six Flags St Louis amusement     but has stopped short of calling for a ban on
   aid agency Oxfam said on            average. “The food situation    severe food insecurity.           park.                                           the use of the devices by adults behind the
   Monday.                             in the region is once again                           Reuters          The chain of rear end collisions began     wheel of passenger cars.—Internet

     Six wounded Two students shot, wounded at Texas middle
     in twin bomb                                  school
    attacks in Iraq EDINBURG, 13 Dec—Authorities suspect happened around 4:45 pm, but the school
        BAGHDAD, 13 Dec—Six            hunters may have shot two South Texas           complex was immediately placed on
   people were wounded                 middle school students who were wounded         lockdown. Edinburg school district
   Monday in two roadside bomb         by gunfire Monday afternoon while trying        spokesman Gilbert Tagle said a number of
   explosions in the Iraqi Capital     out for a basketball team.                      after-school activities were going on besides
   of Baghdad, an interior                  Two boys — ages 13 and 14 — were           the basketball tryouts, including a concert
   ministry source said.               shot, said Hidalgo County Sheriff Lupe          and a faculty meeting. He estimated as many
        The first attack occurred      Trevino. Classes were not in session at         as 200 children could have been on campus.
   when a roadside bomb ripped         Harwell Middle School when the shooting              One of the wounded boys was in critical
   through Ghazaliyah District in                                                      condition Monday night with a bullet
   the west of the capital without                                                     embedded in an organ. The other was stable          Map showing the location of the the Ghadir-e Yazd
   causing any casualties, the                                                         and awaiting X-rays, Trevino said.                 Steel Factory in central Iran. Seven workers died and
   source told Xinhua on                                                                    At the time of the shooting, one of the        at least a dozen others were injured when a melting
   condition of anonymity. The                                                         boys was going for a layup. The other was          furnace in an Iranian steel factory exploded, officials
   second blast followed when                                                          waiting his turn to try out, Trevino said.                 told Iranian media Monday.—INTERNET
   Iraqi security forces and                                                                The sheriff said it was too early to say
   civilian people gathered at the                                                     whether the students were targeted or if the
                                                                                       shooting was accidental. Investigators
                                                                                                                                            Blast kills seven in steel mill
   site of the first explosion,
   wounding four civilians and                                                         believe the shots may have come from hunters
                                                                                       on adjacent farm property, Trevino said. The
                                                                                                                                                        in Iran
   two policemen, the source
   said. Militants frequently use                                                      shots did not come from the campus and                TEHERAN, 13 Dec—Iran’s official news agency is
   the tactic of creating an initial                                                   were not a result of a drive-by, he said.        reporting that a blast caused by leftover ammunition has
   explosion to attract people,                                                             Harwell Middle School opened just this      killed at least seven workers including foreign nationals at
   and then set off another blast                                                      year on the rural property northeast of          a steel mill in the central City of Yazd. The Monday report
   to get heavier casualties, he                                                       Edinburg, which is about 50 miles northwest      by IRNA said the blast late Sunday wounded 12 other
   said. Violence in the country                                                       of Brownsville. Homes line the road              workers. It has not reported the nationality of the foreigners.
   underscores the challenges                                                          approaching the school, but open fields          Local parliamentarian Ali Akbar Oliaw is quoted as blaming
   that the Iraqi security forces                                                      stretch out behind it and to the north.          the blast on ammunition which arrived at the factory along
   are facing as they struggle to                                                           Investigators have spoken with owners       with scrap metal.
   restore stability and normalcy                                                      of surrounding farms and the land was being           Iran’s media in the past has reported explosions which
   in Iraqi cities days before the       A woman hugs her daughter after a             leased to deer hunters, Trevino said.            at first it said were caused by bombs, then in subsequent
   complete pullout of US forces        shooting at Harwell Middle School on           Authorities interviewed some hunters who         reports by stray ammunition. Seventeen people were killed
                                          12 Dec, 2011 in Edinburg, Texas.             were found on adjoining properties.              last month at a massive explosion at an ammunition dump
   by the end of the year.
                                                      INTERNET                                                              Internet    near Teheran, which Iran has said was an accident.—Internet
       Some 1,731 Cambodians killed in                                                  Singaporeans deny charges of illegally exporting US
         road accidents in 11 months                                                                   radio parts to Iran
        PHNOM PENH, 13 Dec—Road accidents have claimed 1, 731 Cambodian                     SINGAPORE, 13 Dec—Four Singaporeans charged         United States traced the radio equipment to the three
   lives and injured 7,885 others in the first 11 months this year, Touch Chan         with illegally exporting United States-made radio        Singapore-based companies and an Iranian company
   Kosal, secretary of state at the Ministry of Public Work and Transport, said        equipment to Iran and held for US extradition request    that are believed to be involved in the trade channel
   Tuesday.                                                                            denied the charges in court on Monday.                   that made it possible.
        “Traffic accidents have become the No 1 killer in Cambodia among those              The non-committal hearing at the Subordinate              The United States and Singapore have
   of HIV/AIDS and mine casualties—the number of the deaths has not                    Courts will weigh the United States evidence of the      extradition agreements. All the four suspects were
   declined yet despite our traffic safety campaigns,” he told a workshop on           suspects making illegal exports to Iran, and it will     arrested in Singapore in October. An Iranian national
   traffic safety. “It is the most concerned for the government.”                      be determined if there are sufficient grounds for        Hossein Larijani believed to be behind the deal was
        Every year, the accidents have left thousands of orphans, widows and           them to be extradited.                                   still at large.
   disabled persons, he said.                                                               They face a US extradition request on the ground          The radio modules have a range of 65 kilometres
        Some 72 percent of the accidents involved motorcycle drivers. Most             that they had exported radio equipment including         when configured with a specialized antenna.
   of the dead were head-hit.                                                          6,000 radio modules and 55 antenna parts to Iran,              One of the four accused, Lim Kow Seng, was
        He said about 51 percent of the accidents was due to over-speed                thereby evading a US trade embargo against Iran.         tasked with obtaining quotations and procuring
   driving, 16 percent was alcohol driving and the rest was violation of traffic            Some of these equipment ended up in roadside        deals for antenna parts.
   law and vehicle problems.—Xinhua                                                    bombs targeting the coalition forces in Iraq. The                                                      Xinhua

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   4 THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011
   “No heart attack risk” from ADHD drugs                                                                   Health
                                    and among the first to look     vational study, funded by the    clinical trial,” said lead
                                    specifically at the risks of    US Food and Drug                 author Laurel Habel, a
                                    taking ADHD drugs for           Administration and the           research scientist with the
                                    people aged 25-64, and is       Agency for Health Research       Kaiser Permanente Northern
                                    published in an early online    Quality, was based on            California Division of
                                    version of the Journal of the   pharmacy data and medical        Research.
                                    American            Medical     records for 150,000 people at          The drugs included in
                                    Association (JAMA).             four clinical sites in the       the study were stimulants
                                         Previous studies have      United States.                   such as methylphenidate,
                                    shown that some ADHD drugs           Comparing those who         dextroamphetamines, am-
                                    can raise blood pressure and    used the drugs to those who      phetamine salts and pemo-
                                    heart rate, but follow-up       did not, and honing on one       line; and the non-stimulant       British scientists discover new
                                    research has been unable to     the specific subgroups of        atomoxetine.
                                    find any higher risk of death   ADHD drugs, researchers                All were labelled for       way to target cancer Health
                                    or major complications.         found no higher risk of heart    treatment of ADHD in
                                         A separate study last      attack, sudden cardiac death     children or adults as of 31            WASHINGTON, 13 Dec— British scientists have discovered
        WASHINGTON, 13 Dec—         month in the New England        or stroke.                       December, 2005.                   a new way to target cancer through manipulating a master
   Most adults do not face a        Journal of Medicine found            However, the study did            According to the latest     switch responsible for cancer cell growth. The findings,
   higher risk of heart attack      no higher risk among youths     have some limitations, such      FDA data from 2005, about         published Monday in the US journal Cancer Cell, reveal
   when taking stimulant            aged two to 24 who take         as spanning a relatively short   1.5 million US adults are         how cancer cells grow faster by producing their own blood
   medications to treat attention   stimulant medications like      period — about one year —        taking ADHD medication. Of        vessels.
   deficit      hyperactivity       Ritalin, after concerns were    and excluding people over        all the US prescriptions issued        Cancer cells gain the nutrients they need by producing
   disorder, US researchers said    raised years ago about          65. “It’s important to note      to children and adults,           proteins that make blood vessels grow, helping deliver
   on Monday.                       potential links.                that this is an observational    grownups account for nearly       oxygen and sugars to the tumor. These proteins are vascular
        The study is the largest         The JAMA obser-            study and not a randomised       one third.—Internet               growth factors like VEGF — the target for the anti-cancer
                                                                                                                                       drug Avastin. Making these proteins requires the slotting
     Passers-by are seen                                                                                                               together of different parts of genes, a process called splicing.
        through a car                                                                                                                       Scientists at the University of West England and the
     window reflecting                                                                                                                 University of Bristol discovered that mutations in one
     Christmas lights as                                                                                                               specific cancer gene can control how splicing is balanced,
      they walk in front                                                                                                               allowing a master switch in the cell to be turned on. This
         of an electric                                                                                                                master switch of splicing makes cancer cells grow faster,
      board displaying                                                                                                                 and blood vessels to grow more quickly, as they alter how
      movements of the                                                                                                                 VEGFs are put together.
       Japanese yen’s                                                                                                                       In experimental models, the researchers found that by
        exchange rate                                                                                                                  using new drugs that block this master switch they prevented
        against the US
                                                                                                                                       blood vessel growth and stopped the growth of cancers.
       dollar outside a
                                                                                                                                            “The research clearly demonstrates that it may be
         brokerage in
          Tokyo on 9                                                                                                                   possible to block tumor growth by targeting and
       December, 2011.                                                                                                                 manipulating alternative splicing in patients, adding to the
           INTERNET                                                                                                                    increasingly wide armory of potential anti-cancer therapies,”
                                                                                                                                       the authors said.—Xinhua

                                         Business                                                        US scientists develop vaccine that attacks
          Mozambique exports hit 320 mln USD                                                                       breast cancer in mice     Health
                                                                                                          WASHINGTON, 13 Dec—          as breast, pancreatic, ovarian
         MAPUTO, 13 Dec— Exports of goods               There have been new discoveries of           Researchers from the              and multiple myeloma,
    and services have earned Mozambique 302        coal in the northwestern province of Tete by      University of Georgia (UGA)       express MUC1 with the
    million US dollars this year, up 17 percent    an Indian company, while gas and oil have         and the Mayo Clinic in            shorter carbohydrate in more
    from last year, Radio Mozambique reported      been found in the northernmost province of        Arizona have developed a          than 90 percent of cases.
    on Monday.                                     Cabo Delgado, the report said.                    vaccine that dramatically              “This vaccine elicits a
         Coal exports kicked off two about three        According to Radio Mozambique, there         reduces tumors in a mouse         very strong immune
    months ago boosted the southern African        will be an economic growth from 16.5 percent      model, according to a study       response,” said study co-
    country’s economy.                             this year to 17.7 percent next year.              published online Monday in        senior author Geert-Jan
         As the mining sector grows up,                 The government is working to reduce          the journal Proceedings of        Boons, professor of
    Mozambique will earn more hard currency        the budget deficit, standing at 15.5 percent      the National Academy of           chemistry at UGA Cancer
    in near future, the radio said.                next year, the radio said.—Xinhua                 Sciences.                         Centre. “It activates all three
                                                                                                          The vaccine works by         components of the immune
         Oil falls on lingering European concerns                                                    training the immune system        system to reduce tumor size
         NEW YORK, 13 Dec— Crude prices fell on Monday on lingering European debt                    to attack tumours that have a     by an average of 80 percent.”
    concerns as investors thought the agreement reached at the EU summit was not enough to           protein known as MUC1 on               The researchers are           If all goes well, they anticipate
    solve the problems.                                                                              the surface of their cells.       testing the vaccine’s              that phase I clinical trials to
         Light, sweet crude for January delivery dipped 1.64 dollars, or 1.78 percent to settle           MUC1 is found on more        effectiveness against human        test the safety of the vaccine
    at 97.77 dollars a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange. In London, Brent crude            than 70 percent of all cancers    cancer cells in culture and are    could begin by late 2013.
    for January delivery also dropped and last traded around 107 dollars a barrel.—Xinhua            that kill. Many cancers, such     planning to assess its toxicity.                            Xinhua

                                                                                                         LatAm countries agree on strategies to tide
                                                                                                                  over economic crisis       Business
                                                                                                          SANTIAGO, 13 Dec— Finance ministers from Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay
                                                                                                     on Monday agreed to boost measures to mitigate the effects of the global economic crisis.
                                                                                                          The ministers agreed to increase liquidity and public investment, improve fiscal
                                                                                                     accounts, and push through reforms to face the crisis effects.
                                                                                                          “We have established a plan of economic incentive to increase two percentage points
                                                                                                     of the GDP, which will be implemented in the next year,” Peru’s Finance Minister Luis
                                                                                                     Miguel Castilla told the media after the meeting here.
    Photo taken on 12 Dec, 2011, shows the Haitian Container Port in Xiamen, southeast                    The proposal, which has been included in the budget, includes an additional boost to
      China’s Fujian Province. The total throughput of Xiamen Port has reached 130                   infrastructure projects. Casilla said infrastructure investment should help mitigate the
    million tons from January to October this year, increasing 14.8 percent year-on-year.            slowdown of the private sectors caused by a lower global growth.
     The foreign trade handling capacity has grown 15.8 percent to 66.541 million tons                    Casilla said it is important to keep healthy fiscal accounts. “This year we have to close
      while the container handling capacity has risen 9.7 percent to 5.225 million TEU               with a surplus of 2 percent in the GDP and the next year the projection might be a reduction
                      (twenty-foot equivalent unit) containers.—XINHUA                               in the surplus and balanced accounts.”—Xinhua

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                                                                                                          THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011 5

                                                                                                                 Watch out for Geminid meteor shower
                                                                                                                             Wednesday           Science
                                                                                                               NEW DELHI, 13 Dec —          Association of Commun-           the outskirts to have a clear
                                                                                                          Sky gazers can look forward       icators and Educators            look as the morning sky
                                                                                                          to an exhibition of celestial     (SPACE) director CB              these days is covered with
                                                                                                          fireworks as the night sky        Devgun.                          fog,” he said.
                                                                                                          will be lit up by Geminid              SPACE is a private                A meteor shower occurs
                                                                                                          meteor showers that are           organization working for         when the earth passes
                                                                                                          expected to peak Wednes-          popularising science among       through debris left behind
                                                                                                          day.                              people.                          by a passing comet or
                                                                                                               A rare celestial event,           Explaining the method       asteroid. In the present case,
                                                                                                          the Geminid meteor shower         to observe the meteorites,       it is an asteroid named 3200
                                                                                                          will be visible across India      Devgun said: “Look up at         Phaethon.
                                                                                                          and people can see over 60        the sky between 10 pm and              As the earth moves
                                                                                                          shooting stars every hour for     4 am and you could see           around the sun, the debris
                                                                                                          the next couple of nights         beautiful fireworks in the sky   get pulled by the earth’s
                                                                                                          with the largest number early     but as this time it is           gravitational force and fall
                                                                                                          Wednesday.                        happening three days after       with long bright tails visible
                                                                                                               “People can watch out        full moon, so visibility is      to the naked eye.
                                                                                                          for the meteor showers from       likely to be hampered.”                The celestial pheno-
                                                                                                          late Tuesday to dawn on                “You need a simple          menon is called Geminid
                                                                                                          Wednesday morning. There          telescope to watch the           showers as they seem to
     Japan’s robot venture Kowa-tmsuk unveils its electric personal mobility “Kobot” at                   will be fireballs in the sky,”    meteor showers. People in        emanate from the Gemini
                            the Tokyo Motor Show.—INTERNET                                                said Science Popularisation       the capital should move to       constellation.—Internet

                     iPad 3 with retina display Tech
                    ‘coming in February 2012’?
        LONDON, 13 Dec —Apple         him that Apple could launch      contradicts previous reports
   is reportedly planning to          the iPad 3 in February, which    that fitting such a dense screen
   launch a next-generation           would put its debut ahead of     into an Apple tablet was one
   iPad, called an iPad 3, as early   the first two generations of     of the reasons Apple iPad 2
   as February 2012.                  Apple’s tablet.                  maintained the 1024 x 768
        According to report by             The first iPad hit stores   resolution of the first iPad.
   Business Insider and PCMag,        in April 2010 after being              According to the report,
   Citi analyst Richard Gardner       unveiled the month before,       Gardner also estimated that
   revealed that the device           and the iPad 2 was unveiled      Apple would sell about 12
   would be similar to the iPad       and released in March 2011,      million to 13 million iPads in
   2, but includes Apple’’s high-     the Sydney Morning Herald        the final three months of this
   resolution retina display          reports.                         year. The major sales
   technology found on the                 The analyst also said       competitor to Apple’’s iPad
   iPhone 4 and iPhone 4S by          that “there do not appear to     is widely considered the
   doubling the iPad 3'’s screen      be any significant technical     Amazon Kindle Fire in the
   resolution.                        hurdles remaining” to            US, which boasts much lower
        Gardner reportedly said       prevent the launch of a high-    specs than iPads and Eee Pads.
   that “several sources” told        resolution iPad, which                                  Internet

         World’s smallest frogs                                                Apple’s Mac App Store downloads top                                                                     Tech
      discovered in New Guinea                                                              100 mln                                                                          developers while the
                                                                                                                                                                             remaining 30 percent is kept
      W             , 13 Dec—
   World’s smallest frogs were Science                                      SAN FRANCISCO, 13 Dec—
                                                                       Apple announced on
                                                                                                          a statement, adding that
                                                                                                          “Mac App Store is changing
                                                                                                                                            there was a total of more than
                                                                                                                                            one million downloads.
                                                                                                                                                                             by Apple.
                                                                                                                                                                                  Apple’s first appli-
   discovered in southeast New                                         Monday that over 100               the traditional PC software       Apple said on Monday that        cation store is the mobile
   Guinea by US researchers.          in New Guinea in 2002.           million apps have been             industry.”                        the Mac App Store now offers     App Store launched in 2008,
        The frogs belong to the       However, the genus was not       downloaded from its Mac                 Apple launched the           thousands of apps in             which, in the tech giant’s
   genus Paedophryne. The             formally described until last    App Store since its initial        Mac App Store in January as       education, games, graphics       words, has “changed how
   length of an adult frog of this    year.                            launch in January.                 a free download for Mac OS        and design, lifestyle,           people get mobile apps.”
   species is only 8-9 mm. This            Two species of the same          “With more than 100           X users, allowing users to        productivity, utilities and           In October, Apple said,
   also makes them the world’s        genus described earlier were     million downloads in less          sift through free and paid        other categories.                its mobile app downloads
   smallest tetrapods (non-fish       larger, attaining sizes of 10-   than a year, the Mac App           applications and download              According to its            topped 18 billion and over 3
   vertebrates),         Xinhua       11 mm.                           Store is the largest and fastest   them to their devices like        policies, 70 percent of the      billion US dollars had been
   reported quoting the journal            “Miniaturization oc-        growing PC software store          Apple mobile App Store.           revenue generated from paid      paid to developers since
   ZooKeys Monday.                    curs in many frog genera         in the world,” Apple said in            After 24 hours of release,   applications goes to             2008.—Xinhua
        The      frogs      were      around the world, but New
   discovered by Fred Kraus and
   his colleagues from Bishop
                                      Guinea seems particularly
                                      well represented, with species
                                                                                    Roll-out flat-screen TV on the way                                                   Science
   Museum in Honolulu.                in seven genera exhibiting            L ONDON , 13 Dec —            Mail reports.                     Manchester University            that they can be printed on to
        Previous research by          the phenomenon,” Kraus           Scientists are creating flat            The technology, based        scientists, said: “The real      a plastic sheet that can be
   Kraus had led to the               said.                            screen TVs that can be rolled      on light emitting particles       advantage provided by            rolled up.”
   discovery of Paedophryne                                Internet    up and safely tucked away in       100,000 times thinner than a      quantum dots, however, is                             Internet
                                                                       your pockets, thanks to QD         human hair, will be imprinted
                                                                       or quantum dot technology.         on flexible plastic that can be
                                                                            Developed by a team of        rolled up or even printed onto
                                                                       Britissh scientists, QD can be     large paper sheets to create
                                                                       used to make ultra-thin TVs.       giant screens.
                                                                       Samsung is already working              Scientists at Nanoco,
                                                                       on bendable OLED screens           Manchester, are now working
                                                                       but QD screens will be thinner     with major Asian electronic
                                                                       and more flexible.                 companies and the first
                                                                            The flexible screens are      televisions using the new
                                                                       expected to hit the markets        technology are expected to
                                                                       by the next year end. Sony,        hit the shelves by the end of
                                                                       Sharp, Samsung and LG are          next year.
                                                                       believed to be working on               The chief executive of
                                                                       QD technology, the Daily           Nanoco, a company set up

P5(14).pmd                                       5                                                                                  12/14/2011, 9:06 AM
   6 THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011

                  China to ‘consider’ navy stop in Seychelles                                                                                     Mexico’s navy captures
         BEIJING, 13 Dec—China
   has said it may use the
                                     extended earlier this month
                                     during a visit to the
                                                                          Myanmar.           Monday’s
                                                                          announcement was widely
                                                                                                           missions in the Gulf of Aden
                                                                                                           off the coast of Somalia and
                                                                                                                                                  Zetas leader “El Lucky”
   Seychelles as a naval supply      Seychelles by Chinese                covered in China’s state-run     in the Indian Ocean. Since               MEXICO CITY, 13 Dec—Mexico’s navy captured a leader
   stop while conducting anti-       defence minister Liang               media on Tuesday, but the        2008, China has sent 10             of the Zetas drug cartel, Raul Fernandez, President Felipe
   piracy missions, at the           Guanglie.                            reports quoted military          escort missions and more than       Calderon said on Monday via his Twitter account.
   invitation of the Indian Ocean         Beijing has funded or           experts as saying the move       8,000 military personnel to              Fernandez, who is also known as “El Lucky” (The Lucky
   island state.                     plans to invest in several major     did not equate to establishing   the Gulf of Aden, escorting         One), had a bounty of 15 million pesos ($1.09 million) on his
         The announcement            infrastructure projects in the       an overseas military base.       more than 4,300 vessels in          head, operated in the Gulf state of Veracruz as well as the
   comes at a time of growing        Indian Ocean, including ports             China has been heavily      the process, the official           central state of Puebla and Oaxaca state in the south, Calderon
   Indian concern about China’s      in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and         involved in anti-piracy          China Daily said.—Internet          said.
   influence in the strategically                                                                                                                   The Zetas, formed at the end of the 1990s by deserters
   important Indian Ocean, a                                                                                 This file photo shows a
                                                                                                             Seychelles coastguard             from elite army forces, are believed to have been behind some
   vital shipping lane connecting                                                                                                              of the bloodiest crimes against civilians in recent years
   Asia to Europe and the Middle                                                                           vessel arriving in the Port
                                                                                                           Victoria. China has said it         including the arson attack on a casino in northern Mexico that
                                                                                                            may use the Seychelles as          killed 52 people in August.
         “According to escort
                                                                                                            a naval supply stop while               Since sending in the army five years ago to crack down
   needs and the needs of other
   long-distance missions,                                                                                   conducting anti-piracy            on cartel activity, Calderon has made a point of targeting top
   China will consider taking                                                                              missions, at the invitation         leaders. With Fernandez’s capture, Calderon said the
   supplies or recuperating at                                                                             of the Indian Ocean island          government had accounted for 22 of Mexico’s 37 most-
   appropriate ports in the                                                                                     state.—INTERNET                wanted drug lords.—Reuters
   Seychelles and other
   countries,” the defence                                                                                      Police comb New York marsh after missing
   ministry said in a statement
   Monday. The invitation was                                                                                             prostitute’s bag found
                                                                                                                NEW YORK, 13 Dec —             last December. The bodies        Waterman and Maureen
    Man says military jet crash destroyed his life                                                         Police on Monday combed             have been positively             Brainard-Barnes, whose
                                                                                                           through marshes on Long             identified as prostitutes        bodies were among the 10
        SAN DIEGO, 13 Dec—           was caused by a string of            negotiations          offered
                                                                                                           Island where they recently          advertising on Craigslist.       found, visited the scene on
   Lawyers for an extended           errors.                              “insulting” amounts to
                                                                                                           found the purse of a missing             Since then, five more       the first anniversary of the
   family that lost four members          Attorney Kevin Boyle            compensate for the deaths of
                                                                                                           prostitute             whose        bodies have been found.          grisly discovery.
   when a military jet crashed       told The Associated Press            two children, their mother and
                                                                                                           disappearance led them to                Police said they think            “It’s been a living hell,”
   into their San Diego home in      outside     the      federal         grandmother. US District
                                                                                                           discover 10 bodies now              Gilbert’s disappearance is       Waterman’s mother Loraine
   2008 said Monday they will        courthouse that the Yoon and         Judge Jeffery Miller will have
                                                                                                           believed to be victims of a         unrelated to the other bodies    Ela told reporters on Monday.
   be seeking millions of dollars    Lee families turned to the           the final say on the issue at
                                                                                                           single serial killer.               but a single killer may be       “It really is. Not a day doesn’t
   for the accident that the         court system after the Justice       the end of the two-day trial,
                                                                                                                Armed with rakes, Suffolk      responsible for the 10 dead.     go back where I don’t think of
   Marine Corps acknowledged         Department in private                which began Monday.
                                                                                                           County Police dug through                Relatives of Megan          Megan.”—Reuters
                                                                               “The government has
                                                                                                           the muck and planned to
                                                                          offered pennies on the dollar
                                                                                                           return on Tuesday in their
                                                                          compared to what a jury
                                                                                                           search for Shannan Gilbert,
                                                                          would give,” Boyle said.
                                                                                                           who went missing in May
                                                                               Boyle would not specify
                                                                                                           2010. Police said Gilbert, 23, of
                                                                          yet how much the families
                                                                                                           New Jersey was a prostitute
                                                                          want nor state the amount
                                                                                                           advertising on Craigslist.
                                                                          offered so far by the federal
                                                                                                                Last week, the search
                                                                          government. Don Yoon lost
                                                                                                           turned up Gilbert’s purse,
                                                                          his 36-year-old wife, Youngmi
                                                                                                           containing her ID, cell phone
                                                                          Lee Yoon; his 15-month-old
                                                                                                           and lip gloss, as well as her
                                                                          daughter, Grace; his 2-month-
                                                                                                           jeans and shoes. Her body
                                                                          old daughter, Rachel; and his
                                                                                                           has yet to be found.
                                                                          59-year-old mother-in-law,
                                                                                                                Gilbert’s disappearance
                                                                          Seokim Kim Lee, who was                                               The locations where eight of 10 bodies were found near
                                                                                                           prompted the investigation
      In this 8 Dec, 2008 file photo, smoke rises from a fire             visiting from Korea to help                                             Gilgo Beach since December 2010 are seen in this
                                                                                                           which led to five bodies found
       after an F-18 military jet crashed into a suburban                 her eldest daughter take care                                           Suffolk County Police handout image released to
                                                                                                           in burlap sacks on Gilgo Beach
            neighbourhood in San Diego.—INTERNET                          of their children.—Internet                                                 Reuters on 20 September, 2011.—INTERNET

          Package bomb at Greek                                                    Belgian nurse who saved GIs in WWII honoured
             Embassy in Paris                                                 BRUSSELS, 13 Dec—A Belgian nurse who saved the lives                   “She helped, she helped, and she helped,” Gutman said
                                                                          of hundreds of American soldiers during the Battle of the            at the ceremony. He said the long delay in presenting the
        P ARIS , 13 Dec—A            listing the ambassador as            Bulge at the end of World War II was given a US award for            award was because it was assumed that Chiwy had been killed
   package bomb sent to the          recipient. It said it did not list   valour Monday — 67 years late.                                       when a bomb destroyed her hospital.
   Greek Embassy in Paris was        a sender, but the indication             Congolese-born Augusta Chiwy, now 93, received the                     The Battle of the Bulge was a ferocious encounter in the
   discovered by authorities and     was that it had been sent from       Civilian Award for Humanitarian Service medal from US                final stages of World War II. In desperation, Adolf Hitler
   safely disabled Monday, and       Italy.                               Ambassador Howard Gutman at a ceremony in the military               ordered a massive attack on allied forces in the Ardennes, in
   caused no injuries or                   The anti-terrorism units       museum in Brussels.                                                  southern Belgium. More than 80,000 American soldiers were
   damages, an embassy official      of the criminal brigade and                                                                               killed, captured or wounded.
   said. The package arrived         the judicial police were put on                                                                                 Chiwy had volunteered to assist in an aid station in the
   with no external markings,        the investigation, opened for                                                                             town of Bastogne, where wounded and dying US soldiers in
   prompting          suspicious     attempted murder and                                                                                      their thousands were being treated by a single doctor in
   embassy staff to call the         “criminal association with a                                                                              December 1944 and January 1945. Chiwy braved the gunfire,
   police, the official said. The    terrorist enterprise aimed at                                                                             helping whoever she could, and saving the lives of hundreds
   embassy was evacuated for         building an explosive device,”                                                                            of American GIs.
   about 40 minutes.                 police said.                                                                                                    The Nazis hoped the surprise attack would reach the sea
        French             police          In Rome last week, a letter                                                                         at the Belgian port of Antwerp and cut off the advancing allied
   discovered a low-power            bomb exploded at the office                                                                               armies. Bastogne, a market town that was also a critical road
   explosive device inside, and      of a tax collection agency,                                                                               junction, was quickly besieged.
   detonated it under controlled     wounding an official. An                                                                                        The US troops — led by paratroopers of the 101st
   conditions, the official said.    Italian anarchist group                                                                                   Airborne Division — found themselves surrounded. But
   The official was not              claimed responsibility for the                                                                            they resisted fiercely, and the key crossroads was never
   authorized to be publicly         bomb and for sending another                                                                              taken. During the battle, Brig Gen Anthony McAuliffe, the
   named. The Greek Foreign          explosive earlier in the week           Belgian nurse Augusta Chiwy, centre, who saved                    101st’s acting division commander, delivered his famous
   Ministry issued a statement       to Deutsche Bank in Germany,         hundreds of wounded GIs during the WWII Battle of the                reply to a German surrender demand when he scribbled: “To
   saying the letter was delivered   which was intercepted.               Bulge, receives an award for valor from the US Army, in              the German commander: Nuts! The American commander.”
   this morning to the embassy,                              Internet              Brussels, on 12 Dec, 2011.—INTERNET                                                                               Internet

P6(14).pmd                                       6                                                                                     12/14/2011, 9:06 AM
                                                                                                           THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011 7

         Towards a Modern Banking System: Financial Liberalization
                                                                                                                                                              by San Thein
         Implementing their primary function of financial                economy is in the doldrums and increases its interest rate to        Exchange rate unification
    intermediation, banks channel funds between surplus and              reduce the money supply when the country is suffering from                 The monetary authorities are determined to tackle
    deficit agents by transforming bank deposits into bank               inflationary pressure. Positive real interest rates (when interest   exchange rate problems associated with the existing exchange
    loans. Realizing the country needs an efficient financial            rates are higher than the inflation rate) can help to attract        restrictions and multiple currency practices. At the request
    system for effective mobilization of savings for optimal             deposits while negative real interest rates (interest rates          of the Central Bank of Myanmar, a technical team from the
    allocation of domestic resources, the monetary authorities           below the inflation rate) encourage investors to seek other          IMF visited Myanmar during October 19-November 1, 2011,
    carefully nurture the local banks to prosper. However, recent        forms of investments to hedge against inflation. High interest       to discuss its plans to unify the exchange rate regime and lift
    developments in the banking sector show the authorities’             rates attract deposits but discourage investments with high          restrictions on current international payments and transfers.
    eagerness to modernize the financial sector more rapidly.            costs of borrowings from banks. Under this situation, banks          The team is expected to visit Myanmar again for a follow up
    Redefining capital, deposit and reserve requirements                 find it hard to manage their surplus funds; the easiest way in       mission in early in 2012.
         The Central Bank of Myanmar, the regulatory body of             Myanmar is investing in government treasury bonds. High              Improving the payments system
    the country’s banking sector, has recently relaxed its               levels of investment in government treasury bonds by banks                 Moving towards a modernized banking system, the
    restrictions on bank deposits which were limited to ten times        suggest that they find it hard to extend quality loans to            monetary authorities are trying to improve the payments
    paid-up capital. The new instruction allows a local bank to          reliable customers and they have surplus funds. It is hoped          system. The existing payment systems infrastructure is
    accept deposits up to 25 times its capital which includes not        that the recent reduction in interest rates would stimulate the      predominantly cash based. Banknotes are still the most
    only paid-up capital, but also general reserves, general             economy by channeling funds for investment to productive             important payment medium for general public. Walking into
    provision, provision for bad and doubtful debt, reserves for         sectors.                                                             a bank one may find a cash counter where customers are busy
    contingencies and retained profit and loss, all of which can         New products and collaterals                                         with bundles of banknotes – putting them into large bags or
    be considered ‘shareholders’ equity’ or Tier I capital by the              Previously, a bank’s products were limited to current,         counting them carefully before leaving the counter. Behind
    Basel Committee on Banking Supervision’s definition. In this         saving and fixed deposits and one-year commercial loans.             the counter one can see piles of banknotes sitting on the table
    way the central bank has strengthened a bank’s capacity for          Recently, the central bank has allowed local banks to extend         and waiting to be counted. Members of the bank staff,
    accepting deposits. At the same time, the central bank uses          hire purchase facilities to their customers. Under a hire-           wearing masks to protect themselves from moisture and dust
    reserve ratio requirements to control the money supply by            purchase system, bank customers with regular income can              flying from the old notes, are counting one bundle of notes
    imposing ever-greater minimum reserve requirements for               buy consumer products initially funded by the bank and repay         after another by hand and on note-counting machines and
    mounting bank deposits: 10pc of total deposits must be kept          the money in monthly installments to the bank. The system            at the same time, sorting out old, torn and fake notes not fit
    as reserves for the deposits up to ten times of its capital, 15pc    helps stimulate domestic demand and effectively raise the            for recirculation.
    of deposits for 10 to 15 times of capital, 20pc for 15 to 20 times   bank customers’ standard of living.                                        Surprisingly enough these hassles will be things of the
    and 25pc for over 20 to 25 times. The higher the deposits, the             The Central Bank of Myanmar has called upon the local          past. On the recommendation of the Payment System
    higher the reserves which are to be kept at the bank and with        banks to come up with proposals for new products and it is           Development Committee of the Myanmar Banks Association,
    the central bank, safeguarding a bank’s liquidity in case of         hoped that there will be more bank products and facilities in        the Myanmar Payment Union (MPU) has been formed to
    emergency. The objective is to encourage local banks to              the future. Fostering competition by allowing banks to offer         implement a modern payment system where ATMs (automatic
    mobilize financial resources effectively, while keeping inflation    new products and services to their customers as long as banks        teller machines) and debit cards are used. An ATM is an
    under control.                                                       have the expertise to manage their risks efficiently is essential    electronic machine placed in a public place, connected to a
     Adopting competitive interest rate policy                           to move towards a modern system.                                     network data system of the bank. It renders 24-hour banking
         Effective 1 September 2011, as a measure for deregulating              Types of collateral for bank loans are no longer confined     services to the bank customers. It is a self service terminal
    interest rates, the central bank has allowed local banks to          to land and buildings and are expanded to include such               where the customer himself has access to the facility of cash
    reduce their interest rates on both savings and loans by 2           movable assets as some exportable crops (rice, beans &               dispensing and depositing, remitting money from one’s
    percentage points, meaning a bank can offer not less than            pulses and sesame), bank deposits and gold.                          account to another, checking one’s account balance etc.
    10pc on savings and it cannot charge more than 15pc on                Foreign banking                                                     Debit cards are machine-readable, magnetically encoded
    loans, enjoying a spread of 5pc as before. Previously, there               It is very exciting to learn that the Central Bank of          plastic cards used to make retail payments.
    were limits on interest rates: the same deposit and lending          Myanmar has granted authorized dealer licenses for conducting              We are witnessing series of reforms taking place in the
    rates were set for all banks: the interest rate on savings           foreign banking to 11 local banks with strong capital base and       financial sector. These reform measures taken by the monetary
    deposits was 12pc per annum and the lending rate was 17pc.           human resources. Recently, with the objective of preserving          authorities show their eagerness to modernize the banking
    Now, with deregulation of interest rates, competition is no          the internal and external value of Myanmar Kyat, the Central         sector rapidly. Reforms are essential to overcome difficulties
    longer limited. Banks can compete with each other by offering        Bank has granted money changer licenses to local banks.              in the banking sector and to establish a viable and sound
    attractive interest rates. Banks with a strong deposit base          First, the six banks, (Kanbawza Bank, Myawady Bank, Innwa            banking system so that it can effectively contribute to a
    may offer the lowest rate (10pc) on savings whereas banks            Bank, Co-operatives Bank, Myama Industrial Development               sustainable and equitable economic development of the
    with a weak deposit base would offer higher interest rates to        Bank and Myanmar Oriental Bank) started dealing in US                country. The objective of reform program should be to create
    attract more deposits. Previously, the same interest rate            dollars, Singapore dollars, euros and FECs by opening                a market-based banking system where all banks, both private
    applied to both saving and fixed deposits. But now, banks are        exchange counters at a currency exchange center on Theinbyu          and state-owned ones, enjoy healthy competition in level
    offering higher than saving interest rates on fixed deposits         Street in Yangon where there used to be an exchange center           playing field, and where international financial links through
    with maturity of 3 to 12 months.                                     before the 2003 liquidity crisis. Later other local banks            foreign and local banks can be established between Myanmar
         Setting interest rates is another tool of a central bank’s      participate in the scheme and 50 more exchange counters are          and the rest of the world. The reform agenda should be
    monetary policy used in managing the country’s money                 being opened at commercially important areas in the country.         sequenced and implementation of the reform program should
    supply to control inflation. A central bank usually reduces          These banks through their counters try to stabilize the exchange     be in a step-by-step manner.
    its interest rate to stimulate domestic demand while the             rates while keeping the speculators out of the market.                                           ******

             District News                                                 Model plot harvested in Yedashe                                      Loans disbursed to fishermen groups
                                                                              YEDASHE, 13 Dec—Under the supervision of Myanma                           Thandwe, 13 Dec—As part of efforts to realize
      Vocational courses conclude                                        Agriculture Service, model plots are being harvested in
                                                                         Yedashe Township for securing right production rate for
                                                                                                                                              eight tasks of rural development and poverty alleviation,
                                                                                                                                              a ceremony to disburse K 80 million to local fishermen was
         YINMABIN, 13 Dec—The Women’s Vocational Training                                                                                     held at the hall of Thandwe Township General
                                                                         monsoon paddy in 2011. On 30 November, one-acre model
    School held the concluding ceremony of Advanced Tailoring                                                                                 Administration Department on 2 December afternoon.
                                                                         plot of Hsinthukha paddy of farmer Daw Htwe Kyi was
    Course No. 14 and the Basic Domestic Science Course                                                                                                 The Township Administrator handed over K 80
                                                                         harvested in Taungnigon Village. The model plot of paddy
    No. 18 in Yinmabin on 2 December.                                                                                                         million to Chairman of Livestock Breeding, Fish and
                                                                         produced 100.91 baskets per acre.
         After delivering an address, Sagaing Region Minister                                                                                 Meat Production Development Work Committee U Than
    for Security and Border Affairs Col Kyi Naing awarded one                 After the harvesting paddy, Township MAS Manager
                                                                         U Aung Win explained 14 points for boosting production of            Gyoung. Next, the work committee chairman disbursed
    set each of sewing machines to two outstanding trainees.                                                                                  loans to the rural region fishermen groups.—District IPRD
    The principal presented certificates to the trainees.                paddy applying good agriculture pattern.—Township IPRD
                                               Township IPRD
                                                                                                                                                 Monsoon model plot harvested
      Per acre increased in model plot                                                                                                             THATON, 13 Dec—Daebarain Village-tract of Thaton
         OTTWIN, 13 Dec—A model plot of 11-acre monsoon                                                                                       Township held harvesting of monsoon paddy of Myeedon
    paddy was harvested in Ktettet Nyaungbin Village, Ottwin                                                                                  strain on 10.42 acres of model plot of farmer U Thein Myint
    Township, on 17 November. The model plot of                                                                                               on 23 November.
    Manawthukha paddy cultivated through good agriculture                                                                                          Departmental officials and local farmers participated
    pattern produced 106.68 acres per acre.                                                                                                   in the harvesting activities. The production of model
         The production of paddy farm was 28 baskets per acre                                                                                 Myeedon paddy plot reached 63.90 baskets per acre.
    more than that of previous year.—Township IPRD                                                                                                                                          District IPRD

p7(14).pmd                                        7                                                                                   12/14/2011, 9:06 AM
   8    THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011

       Myanmar committed to drug                                                                                Formation of political
          elimination by 2014                                                                                    parties scrutinized
                                                                                                               NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—Those               up Mro National Party. The UEC has made
        NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—Central Committee       2000, Myanmar has been making                     wishing to form political parties are now        coordination with respective ministries in
   for Drug Abuse Control held meeting 2/2011       commitment to 15-year plan to completely          applying for formation of political parties to   order to scrutinize whether they are accord
   at the Ministry of Home Affairs today,           eradicate narcotic drug by 2014 earlier than      the Union Election Commission. Today, 19         with Political Party Registration Law section
   attended by Chairman of CCDAC Union              2015 set by ASEAN.                                people including U Anu applied for setting       4 and 6.—MNA
   Minister for Home Affairs Lt-Gen Ko Ko.              Also present at the meeting were Union
        The Union Minister stressed two             Minister for Border Affairs Lt-Gen Thein Htay,
   strategies—elimination of narcotic drugs as a    Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs Dr Myo              Zawti BEMS       St. Paul Alumni
   national concern and extensive elimination of
   poppy cultivation in line with the improvement
                                                    Myint, Deputy Minister for Information U
                                                    Soe Win, Deputy Minister for Health Dr Win
                                                                                                         (branch) upgraded Reunion Golf Tourney
   of the socio-economic conditions of the          Myint, leader of legal advisory group to the            NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—Opening of                    NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—St. Paul
   national races in border areas—and three         President U Sit Aye, Secretary of CCDAC          Zawti Basic Education Middle School was           (BEHS-6 Botahtaung) Alumni Reunion Golf
   tactics— supply elimination, demand              Chief of Myanmar Police Force Kyaw Kyaw          held in Winkhanain village-tract, Shwegyin        Tourney will be held at Myanmar Golf
   elimination and law enforcement. Since 1999-     Tun, Deputy Chief of MPF Police Brig-Gen         Township, Bago District, Bago Region, on          Association on 16 December (Friday). For
                                                    Zaw Win, officials of the committee, UNODC,      7 December. It is upgraded from BEMS              further information, please contact U Maung
                                                    DEA and ONCB and distinguished guests.           (branch) to middle school. The officials          Maung Myint (Vice-Chairman) 09 43096285,
        MLF donates                                     The participants held discussion on          opened the school. After that, Yadana Mitta       U Thein Swe (Secretary) 09 5193434, U Sunny
                                                                                                                                                       Tin Zaw 09 5042979, U Eddy Ba Oo 09 5019053,
                                                    rendering assistance for the fight against       Group donated K400,000 for the door and U
       publications to                              narcotic drug in cooperation with UNODC,         Aung Myint Sein-Daw Nan Hla Aye K 200,000
                                                                                                     for sinking a tube well.—MNA
                                                                                                                                                       U Than Htut 09 5140558, and U Kyaw Lwin
                                                                                                                                                       Nyo 502717.—NLM
                                                    DEA, ONCB and WFP.—MNA
       village libraries
          LABUTTA, 13 Dec—With a view to
   disseminating knowledge to rural people, a
   ceremony to donate books to village libraries
   by Myanmar Libraries Foundation was held
   at the hall in Labutta Township on 1
          The deputy commissioner of District
   General Administration Department explained
   reading habit for development of human
   resources and maintenance of libraries for
   their durability. Officials handed over 249
   books for village libraries to village
   administrators.                                   Union Minister for Home Affairs Lt-Gen Ko Ko speaking at Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control Meeting
                                  District IPRD                                                   2/2011.—MNA
                                                                                                                                             Union A&I Minister
                                                                                                                   U Myint
                                                                                                                                            receives foreign guests
                                                                                                                                           NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec – Union Minister for Agriculture
                                                                                                                   receives           and Irrigation U Myint Hlaing received Indian Ambassador
                                                                                                                    Indian            to Myanmar Mr Dr Villur Sundararajan Seshadri at the ministry
                                                                                                                 Ambassador           here this morning. At the call, both sides discussed matters
                                                                                                                 to Myanmar           related to bilateral cooperation in agricultural development,
                                                                                                                 Mr Dr Villur         construction of agriculture advance research center and
                                                                                                                 Sundararajan         advance paddy warehouses with assistance from India and
                                                                                                                                      cooperation in implementation of irrigation systems with
                                                                                                                   Seshadri.          loans from India.
                                                                                                                       MNA                 Similarly, the Union Minister received Executive Director
                                                                                                                                      Mr Lim Hong Joon of Kuala Lumpur Keplong Berhard
             Sarpay Beikman manuscript awards for 2010 announced                                                                      (KLK) of Malaysia at the ministry here at 11.30 am today.
         NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec —        knowledge (Science and contact Secretary of Sarpay 9 am on 27 December 2011.                    They discussed investment cooperation in agricultural
   Sarpay Beikman Manuscript          applied science) first prize to Beikman Manuscript Award           Entries for Sarpay           development, construction of modern factories to produce
   Award Scrutiny Committee           Dr        Myint            Than Scrutiny Committee at Sarpay Beikman manuscript award           value-added goods from industrial rubber crops and oil palm
   announced the list of              (Nyaunglebin) and second Beikman Building, No. 529- for 2011 can be submitted                   crops and long-term investments in agro-based industry.
   winners of Sarpay Beikman          prize to Aung Soe 531, Merchant Street (Ph: 01- not later than 31 January                            Also present on the occasions were departmental heads
   manuscript contest for 2010,       (Agriculture/107); in the 376569) and management 2012.— MNA                                     of the ministry. —MNA
   organized by Printing and          belles-letters, second prize to division (Ph:01-381449)
   Publishing Enterprise under        Hla      Myint        (Yangon within a week. Winners will      Singaporean goodwill delegation tours Nay Pyi Taw
   the Ministry of Information.       University); in the Myanmar be awarded at life-time                NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—A goodwill jewellery put on display at the first floor of
         In the novel genre,          culture and fine arts, first prize National Literary Award and delegation led by Mrs K Shanmugam, wife the museum and signed the visitors’s book.
   second prize went to K             to Myat Wai Toe (Institute of National Literary Award of the Singaporean Foreign Affairs Minister, Accompanied by officials, the delegation
   (Taungtanpya) and third            Education); in the children’s ceremony for 2010 to be held at 2 pm visited Myanmar Gems Museum also visited National Landmark Gardens
   prize to Hnin Sat (Lashio); in     literature, first prize to at the Information Ministry at where they observed Myanmar gems and (Nay Pyi Taw).—MNA
   the collection of short stories,   Kanbalu Khin Maung Swe,
   first prize to Myay Latt Min       second to Zaw Myo Han
   Lwin, second prize to Maung        (Ngathainggyoung) and third
   Maung Moe Aung and third           prize to Zar Ni; in the youth’s
   prize to Ko Naing                  literature, first prize to Inbin
   (Chintaung);        in      the    Than Htay Aung, second
   collection of poems, first prize   prize to Thein Zaw (Shwe Li
   to Aung Tha Hsan                   Oo) and third prize to
   (Thandwe), second prize to         Kyunsinmyay Saw Khet; in
   Min Thway Nwe (Zigon) and          the drama, first prize to Maung
   third prize to Maung Han           Sanda (Lewe) and second
   Tint (Pinlebu); in the general     prize to Maung Soe Htaik
   knowledge (Arts), first prize      (Thonse); and in translation,
   to U Thaung Ngwe and               first prize went to Dr Nyan
   second prize to Minbu Aung         Hein Latt.
   Kyaing; in the general                   Prize winners are to Singaporean goodwill delegation led by Mrs K Shanmugam visits National Landmark Gardens.—MNA

P8(14).pmd                                      8                                                                             12/14/2011, 9:06 AM
                                                                                                  THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011                                                 9

             Myanmar National Human Rights Commission issues statement
          NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—Myanmar National Human                   a sense of insecurity and diminished confidence.                      - It is cognizant that the over 14,000 displaced persons
    Rights Commission issued a statement today. The full               4. The team from the Commission was able to liaise and                  in the camps as well as those in Laiza and Maija Yang
    text of the statement is as follows:                               coordinate with the concerned authorities to enable the                 near the Myanmar-China border had to leave behind
     Statement by the Myanmar National Human Rights                    distribution of humanitarian assistance by the Kachin State             their homes and worldly possessions which
                           Commission                                  Government, UN agencies and Civil Society Organizations                 adversely affected their economic, social and
    1. A four-member team of the Myanmar National Human                to the displaced persons in and around Laiza.                           spiritual well-being. The Commission, therefore,
    Rights Commission headed by its Secretary visited Kachin           5. The Myanmar National Human Rights Commission                         strongly urges the armed groups to strive for the
    State from 8 to 10 December 2011 in order to observe at            will similarly continue to exert all efforts for enhancing              restoration of security and stability to the region.
    first hand the civil population who were displaced as a            assistance to the displaced persons in the Kachin State.              - It also visited Myitkyina Prison on the morning of 9
    result of armed skirmishes that occurred from June 2011,           6. The Commission wishes to make the following                          December 2011 and was able to meet the prisoners in
    with the view to ascertain their conditions in camps that          observations and recommendations.                                       every prison ward. It was found that the prisoners are
    are under the supervision of the Kachin State Government                - It acknowledges the effective role of the Kachin State           provided with proper health care and nutrition and
    and also to make a need assessment.                                       Government in providing basic humanitarian needs                 the prison sanitary conditions are adequate. The
    2. The team went to Myitkyina, Waingmaw and Bhamo                         to over 14,000 displaced persons that have arrived at            prisoners were able to avail themselves of TV and
    townships and met with the responsible authorities and                    their camps.                                                     library facilities. It is found that the prison population
    visited Buddhist monasteries and Christian Churches and                 - It is particularly gratified that the State Government           exceeds the maximum capacity. The Commission
    met and interviewed the displaced persons. They also                      has been able to distribute in an efficient and                  would like to recommend that this condition be
    visited the Myitkyina General Hospital and again                          systematic manner the material and monetary                      redressed at the earliest opportunity. Apart from the
    interviewed the patients. There are 59 camps in 11                        assistance provided by government organizations,                 religious programs currently provided, programs for
    townships where 14,113 people are cared for under the                     UN agencies, international organizations and the                 all religions should be included.
    auspices of the State Government. 51 schools in 10                        national civil societies.                                      - It is privileged to acquaint itself with the ongoing
    townships with a student population of 7,872 have to be                 - It is happy to note that the children of the displaced           peace efforts by both sides which were made
    temporarily closed. The State Government, however, has                    persons are able to continue their studies.                      possible by the invitation of the Union Government
    been able to make arrangements for all students that have               - It acknowledges that the State Government has been               for peace negotiations. The Commission strongly
    arrived at the camps to continue their studies. Currently,                able to provide basic health facilities to the displaced         urges that the peace negotiations which would
    there are 3,153 students studying in schools in various                   persons and 177 patients in the hospital, including the          result in the cessation of hostilities, ending of
    vicinities.                                                               victims of landmines who were given proper medical               conflicts and bring about peace throughout the
    3. Under coordination by the Kachin State Government,                     attention, thereby, saving their lives. The Commission           nation be carried out to its successful conclusion.
    humanitarian assistance by various government                             urges the avoidance of the use of landmines which              - The Commission accordingly, strongly welcomes
    organizations, Civil Society Organization and UN                          cause grievous harm to innocent civilians.                       and supports the latest news that the President of
    agencies were systematically distributed to the population              - It notes that the donations in cash and kind, provided           the Republic of the Union of Myanmar has instructed
    in the camps and their basic necessities were provided for.               by the government organizations, Hluttaw                         the Tatmadaw for the government military forces in
    However, with the coming of the cold weather, there is a                  Representatives, UN agencies, international                      the Kachin State not to engage in offensive
    need for warm clothings and blankets. Families were                       organizations and Civil Society Organizations from               operations against the KIA and observe a unilateral
    randomly put together in temporary accommodations                         9 June to 9 December 2011, amounted to over 1.4                  ceasefire except in self defence. The Commission
    which pose a challenge to families, particularly, those                   billion kyats. This is in addition to the donations              strongly urges the KIA to reciprocate in the same
    with young children. From individual interviews, it was                   made by religious and social organizations as well               manner.
    evident that almost all wanted to return to their own                     as individuals from the region. The Commission                    Myanmar National Human Rights Commission
    villages. The children appear to be suffering from                        urges those business enterprises which have not yet
    psychological trauma and the adults seem to experience                    donated to follow suit.                                                                               2011, 13 December

     Deputy FM attends 4th Bali                                                  Union Attorney-General receives Singaporean
   Democracy Forum in Indonesia                                                            Foreign Affairs Minister
         NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—Myanmar delegation headed by
   U Maung Myint, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of the                                                                                                                                 Union
   Republic of the Union of Myanmar, attended the 4th Bali                                                                                                                                  Attorney-
   Democracy Forum held in Bali, the Republic of Indonesia,                                                                                                                                 General
   from 8 to 9 December 2011.                                                                                                                                                                Dr Tun
         The opening session of the 4th Bali Democracy Forum                                                                                                                                   Shin
   was held in the morning of 9 December 2011 at Bali                                                                                                                                       receives
   International Convention Centre. It was attended by the                                                                                                                                   Singa-
   President of the Republic of Indonesia, the Sultan of Brunei                                                                                                                              porean
   Darussalam, the Prime Minister of People’s Republic of                                                                                                                                   Foreign
   Bangladesh, President of Democratic Socialist Republic of
   Sri Lanka, the Vice President of the Republic of Philippines,
   the Prime Minister of Mongolia, the Prime Minister of the
                                                                                                                                                                                              Mr K
   State of Qatar, the Prime Minister of Timor Leste, Ministers,
   Deputy Ministers and Senior Officials from 84 countries
                                                                                                                                                                                            gam and
   from the Asia region and representatives from 24 countries
   outside Asia. At the opening session, the Minister of Foreign
   Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia Dr Marty Natalegawa                NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—Foreign Affairs Minister of               and General Secretary of Union Solidarity and Development
   reported an account of activities taken place after the 3rd Bali    Republic of Singapore Mr K Shanmugam, accompanied by              Party U Htay Oo at the party headquarters at 5 pm today.
   Democracy Forum and, on the programme of this year’s                Singaporean Ambassador to the Republic of the Union of                 They had a cordial discussion on cementing of
   forum. Then, Dr Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, President of              Myanmar Mr Chua Hian Kong Robert, called on Union                 friendship between the two countries.
   the Republic of Indonesia gave an opening statement.                Attorney-General Dr Tun Shin at the latter’s office at 1:30 pm,                                                        MNA
         At the morning session, leaders of the delegation delivered   in 50 years. The emergence of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw clearly          based in formulating a democracy best suited to the country
   statements under the theme of “Enhancing Democratic                 symbolizes the emergence of political space for the people        concerned. Myanmar is now on the right track to democracy
   participation in a Changing World: Responding to Democratic         and political parties which marks a turning point in the          but it is at the early stage and still needs to be done more.
   Voices”. At the end of the morning session, group photograph        history of Myanmar’s politics. In a short span of the past        In this regard, the international community should give
   was taken together with the President of the Republic of            eight months, the government undertook a series of ground         encouragement and assistance in reality to enhance
   Indonesia. Deputy Minister U Maung Myint attended a                 breaking economic, social and policy reforms to improve           Myanmar’s efforts for democratization.
   luncheon hosted by Dr Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, President           the socio-economic life of the people. With the aim of                 Dr Marty Natalegawa hosted a dinner in honour of the
   of Indonesia at Bali International Centre.                          improving the life of rural and urban people, the government      delegates to the 4th Bali Democracy Forum at Bali
         In the afternoon, general debate under the theme of           has laid down policy on alleviation of poverty in Myanmar.        International Convention Centre in the evening of the same
   “Enhancing Democratic participation in a Changing World:                 Next, Deputy Minister U Maung Myint stressed that            day.
   Responding to Democratic Voices” was held. At the debate,           democracy is universal value based on the will of the                  On 9 December 2011, interactive sessions under the
   the heads of delegation made their statements. In the               people. He also said that while democracies share the             theme of “The ability of State to respond to the voice of
   statement delivered by Deputy Minister U Maung Myint,               common features, there is no single democracy. There is no        Democracy” and “Ensuring Democratic Space for civil
   he stressed that the new government undertook a series of           perfect democracy. Democratic change is never easy and            society participation” were held in the morning and in the
   reformed measures to ensure the emergence of a good                 cannot be imposed from outside. Therefore, what works for         afternoon respectively.
   governance, clean government and to promote democratic              one country may not work for another. It is imperative that            Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs U Maung Myint
   practices in the country. The new civilian government is the        a country’s own historical background, social values,             arrived back in Yangon in the morning of 10 December
   first elected government based on parliamentary democracy           culture, religion and other objective conditions should be        2011.—MNA

P9(14).pmd                                      9                                                                                12/14/2011, 9:06 AM
   10 THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011

      It is the responsibility of the journalism, the fourth pillar of the
           nation to monitor and mend the legislative, judicial and
                   executive pillars in practicing democracy
                                                                                                                                                                        Patron of Myanmar
                                                                                                                                                                       Writers and Journalists
                                                                                                                                                                         Association Union
                                                                                                                                                                             Minister for
                                                                                                                                                                        Information and for
                                                                                                                                                                       Culture U Kyaw Hsan
                                                                                                                                                                       speaking to personnel
                                                                                                                                                                        engaged in printing,
                                                                                                                                                                       publishing and media
        YANGON, 13 Dec—Patron of Myanmar Writers and                  the members and social welfare programmes. In previous
   Journalists Association Union Minister for Information             respect-paying occasions, only K 50000 per head could be
   and for Culture U Kyaw Hsan and Yangon Region Chief                offered to doyens of literati and since last year it had been                                                      Yangon
   Minister U Myint Swe met chairman and CEC members of               increased to K 200000. In this year’s respect-paying
   the MWJA, writers, and personnel engaged in printing,              ceremony, the number of the deans of literati would be 152                                                         Region
   publishing and media industries at Central Press under the         and this was due to improved performance of the MWJA.
   Printing and Publishing Enterprise on Theinbyu Road here           In addition, MWJA members and literati had become able                                                              Chief
   this morning.                                                      to make study tour abroad and media delegations were also
        Speaking on the occasion, Union Minister U Kyaw               visiting Myanmar. Media corners could be opened in
   Hsan said the meeting was intended to find out the roles of        Yangon and plans were under way to open them in other
   the government and the MWJA for the literature world and           cities.
   coordinate future plans for the MWJA.                                   It was learnt that procedures for joining ISBM had                                                            U Myint
        There were fine historical records of those form literature   reached the final step and there only needed to pay
   world claiming back independence in cooperation with               membership fees. The success of the ISBN would be                                                                Swe giving
   independence forces throughout pre-independence period             beneficial to those engaged in literature world and the
   and independence struggle. Senior literati had relatively          MWJA. Assistance had been rendered to the MWJA to be                                                              a speech.
   comprehensive knowledge about the good and bad and                 able to influentially lead the literature world in 2005.
   weak and strong points of the literature world between                  B.A Journalism Course had been conducted for                                                                    MNA
   1948 and 1962.                                                     journalists especially for youths to have experience. Senior
        There were Myanmar Writers Association, Myanmar               literati were urged to organize various courses for the
   Language Propagation Association, Women Writers                    development of the youths. The ministry had resolved             supposed to be a united literature organization with such
   Association, (Yuwady Writers Association), Youth Writers           conflicts between one group and another and factional            strata as writer stratum, publisher stratum, cartoonist stratum,
   Council, Myanmar Literature Observation Board and so               conflicts, even cases calling for lawsuit and such measures      reporter stratum and so on.
   on totaling 20 literature organizations during that period.        were not superficial efforts but born of goodwill.                    The MWJA should be considering to form an
   Those engaged in literature world during Myanmar                        It was learnt that the MWJA today had 8223 members.         organization like press council in international community
   Socialist Programme Party Period from 1962 to 1974 and             The association had also raised funds for the association,       to resolve problems concerned with literature.
   one-party system in Socialist Period from 1974 to 1988             the elders and literature. Measures were being taken to raise         The Union Minister concluded that the government
   were found to have successfully performed their duties in          the number of members and the fund. Moreover, restrictions       would always cooperate with the MWJA and he believed
   line with the prevailing conditions and systems of those           over the publishing had been eased and currently seven           the latter would coordinate with the government
   periods.                                                           genres of journals and publications could be published           maintaining fine traditions.
        The Union Minister continued that the MWJA and the            through publish-and-submit system which would be applied              Yangon Region Chief Minister U Myint Swe then said
   Information Ministry had frequent contacts since 2004 and          for all kinds of genres in the future.                           that the Yangon Region government had a respect for
   he had assisted some successfully and some in vain for the              To be able to produce more tangible results at present      media persons, the fourth pillar of the nation. Yangon
   interests of the literature world and nation and the people.       and in the future, the MWJA would have to strive, learning       Region government granted media persons freedom to
   Of various organizations, the MWJA had most frequent               from the past events. It was the responsibility of the           hunt news. He added he hoped journalists would publish
   contacts with and most assisted him. The activities of the         journalism, the fourth pillar of the nation to monitor and       the correct information in presenting the news and the
   MWJA around 2004 were assumed to be weak in                        mend the legislative, judicial and executive pillars in          Yangon Region government would assist journalists as
   organization and influence. In the meantime, the journalism        practicing democracy. The Union Minister added that he           much as possible.
   elements were ahead of the MWJA and the public prefer to           had depicted the public as the fifth pillar as the people were        Next, Chairman of the MWJA U Tin Hlaing (Ledwintha
   the creditability of private journals.                             of primary importance in promotion of democracy.                 Saw Chit) reported on plans to perform the instructions of
        The Union Minister added that for that reason, he had              The information sources and events had become wider         the Union Minister and work programmes of the association,
   managed journalists to join the MWJA in 2006 and the               in the age of globalization and thus it was assumed that         Secretary U Ko Ko (Ko Ko-Sethmu Tekkatho) on future
   recruitment had brought about wider functionality of the           multifaceted news presentation would contribute to the           plans of the association, Vice Chairman (3) U Ko Ko Hlaing
   association with further contributions to national interests.      people, the fifth pillar of the nation better understanding of   (Ko Ko Hlaing) on formation and functions of press councils
   The association had not only increased in members but              the truth rather than presentation from a particular aspect.     in international community and fund-raising.
   improved in quality, at the same time there emerged                Journalists were to attach attention to every wave and stand          The Union Minister made concluding remarks and
   factional conflicts within the accusation and the literature       by the truth.                                                    held cordial talks with the chairman, vice-chairmen and
   world.                                                                  Nowadays, those from the Myanmar literature were            CEC members of the MWJA.
        The association could more widely work for welfare of         supposed to focus on national concern. The MWJA was                                                                         MNA

               LOCAL SPORTS                                                Kanbawza Cup Golf                                             Invitational Futsal Tourney
                                                                       Tournament 2011 Commences                                                   kicks off
      Locals participate in mass                                          NAY PYI T AW, 13 Dec—Opening of Shan State                        AHLON, 13 Dec—The Invitational Futsal Tournament
              walk in Ye                                              Kanbawza Cup Golf Tournament 2011 took place at                  2011 took place at Kayinchan sports ground of Basic
                                                                                                                                       Education High School No. 1 in Ahlon Township of
                                                                      Golden Triangle Golf Course in Kengtun on 10 December.
         YE, 13 Dec—As the December mass sport activities,                                                                             Yangon Region on 3 December morning.
                                                                      It was attended by Shan State Chief Minister U Sao Aung
    the mass walk was held in Ye on 10 December morning.
                                                                      Myat and Ministers, guests, Kengtung District                         Among the spectators were Yangon Region Minister
         Township level departmental officials, students and
                                                                      Administrator U Khin Win, Township Administrator and             for National Races Pado Saw Tun Aung Myint, Township
    local people participated in the mass walk.
         They started activity from Bogyoke Market and                departmental officials and golfers. The Chief Minister           Administrator U Than Naing and officials.
    finished at Myakantha Moat, and they took physical                extended the greeting and greeted the golfers. After that,            The tournament was opened with the speech by the
    exercises altogether.                                             he opened the tournament by teeing off.                          Yangon Region Minister for National Races.
                                            Township IPRD                                                                 MNA                                                    Myanma Alin

P10(14).pmd                                    10                                                                              12/14/2011, 9:06 AM
                                                                                                       THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011 11

       GM suspends production at Cruze plant in
        LORDSTOWN, 13 Dec—General Motors Co suspended production on Monday afternoon
   at an Ohio plant that makes the Chevrolet Cruze compact car due to a supplier issue.
        Production at the Lordstown, Ohio, factory was halted around 1 pm EST. Workers on
   the first and second shifts worked shortened schedules, while the third shift was suspended,
   GM Lordstown spokesman Tom Mock said. Mock said skilled trade workers at the plant are
   due to report to work their regular hours.
        GM spokesman Chris Lee declined to describe the nature of the supplier issue, saying
   only that the No 1 US automaker was looking to restart production as swiftly as possible.
        So far this year, the Cruze is the second-best-selling small car in the US auto market and
   the 10th-best-selling vehicle overall as consumers seek more fuel efficient options.
        GM Chief Executive Dan Akerson said this month that he hoped the Cruze, which gets
   up to 42 miles per gallon, would become the top-selling car by the end of 2011.
        Toyota Motor Co’s Corolla has so far outsold the Cruze by a little more than 4,000
   vehicles. The Cruze has outsold Honda Motor Co’s Civic, a longtime leader in the small car              A general view of Chevrolet Cruze car assembly line at the General Motors assembly
   segment, and Ford Motor Co’s Focus.—Reuters                                                                            plant in Lordstown, Ohio on 22 July, 2011.—INTERNET

                                                                                      In this image
        Moscow                                                                         released by               Employment outlook weakest in three
        launches                                                                       Cambridge
                                                                                        University                      years - Manpower
      direct train                                                                    Library on 12
                                                                                        Dec, 2011              L ONDON , 13 Dec—           sits on a knife edge,” said    judge measures agreed at last
                                                                                                         Britons’        employment        Manpower’s UK managing         week’s EU summit as too
       service to                                                                     show a page
                                                                                            of           prospects are at their bleakest   director Mark Cahill.          little too late to solve the
                                                                                                         in three years, a quarterly       “Employers have now            raging debt crisis in the euro
          Paris                                                                       calculations
                                                                                       by Sir Isaac      survey by recruitment firm        adopted a wait-and-see         zone. The 17-country single
        M OSCOW , 13 Dec—                                                                Newton.         Manpower suggested on             approach to hiring; they are   currency zone is Britain’s
   State-run Russian Railways                                                           INTERNET         Tuesday, with employers           cautious about the economy     main trading partner and
   launched a regular Moscow-                                                                            planning no net increase in       and the fear of a euro-wide    about 3 million jobs depend
                                                                                                         jobs over the next three          contagion is weighing          on trade with Europe,
   Paris direct train service
                                           Cambridge posts Newton                                        months.                           heavily on their minds.”       according to the govern-
        The train left Belorussky
   railway station and would
                                             manuscripts online                                                Manpower’s seasonally
                                                                                                         adjusted        employment
                                                                                                                                                Markets are likely to     ment.—Reuters

   arrive at the Gare de L’Est in         LONDON, 13 Dec—The University of Cambridge says it             outlook balance fell to zero
   Paris Tuesday after a 38-hour     is posting almost all of Isaac Newton manuscripts to the            for Q1 2012, the lowest
   journey, the railway              Internet.                                                           reading since that for Q4 2009
   company’s press service said.          The university said Monday it is launching its online          and down from +1 percent for
        The all-sleeper train has    collection with 4,000 pages worth of the Enlightenment              Q4 2011.
   several deluxe compart-           thinker’s most famous work. Other Cambridge manuscripts,                  That spells bad news for
   ments, with fares ranging from    including the papers of Charles Darwin, may follow.                 the 2.62 million Britons
   420 to 1,050 euros. The                This isn’t Newton’s first foray online.                        looking for work. The jobless
   service will run three times a         The full text of some 130 of Newton’s writings is freely       rate hit a 15-year high of 8.3
   week until 27 May , 2012, after   available through The Newton Project, maintained by the             percent in the three months
   which it will increase to five    University of Sussex in southern England.                           to September and is forecast
   times per week. The company            But Cambridge says that facsimile copies of Newton’s           to rise further when October
   said the service was booked       works will allow a far larger audience to explore the full          data is released on
   out until the end of 2011.        texture of his writings — which include the notes, annotations      Wednesday.                        A man enters a Job Centre in London on 17 June, 2009.
                          Xinhua     and arithmetic behind his discoveries.—Internet                           “The 2012 jobs market                             INTERNET

         Obese travellers to sue                                               Mitsubishi Motors delivers electric car to Hawaii
       Air Canada over extra fees                                             HONOLULU, 13 Dec— A Hawaii couple on Monday                       Gov Neil Abercrombie said the Nishimuras are electric
                                                                        received the first all-electric car delivered by Mitsubishi        vehicle pioneers who are setting the pace for the rest of
                                                                        Motors to a retail customer in North America.                      Hawaii.
                                                                              Bridget Nishimura said her family spends $60 to $75 a             Abercrombie, like his predecessor Gov Linda Lingle,
                                                                        week on gas for each of their three cars so they can commute       has been promoting the use of electric vehicles as part of an
                                                                        to work and school from their home in Waipahu. She’s               effort to reduce the state’s oil consumption.
                                                                        looking forward to simply charging the car with electricity.            Hawaii offers people who buy electric cars a $4,500 tax
                                                                              “I’m so excited. I’m very much about the Earth and           credit. Electric vehicle drivers on the islands don’t have to
                                                                        environment,” Nishimura said after she and her husband,            pay for parking when they park in a metered spot, and they
                                                                        Bryson Nishimura, received the keys to their 2012 Mitsubishi       may drive in carpool lanes on freeways.
       An Air Canada Airbus A340-500. A judge has                       at a ceremony at the state Capitol. “I hope I am a leader today,        Consumers who take advantage of the state credit and
   authorized a class action lawsuit against Air Canada on              and that people will follow suit. Because you can’t go wrong       a $7,500 federal tax credit should wind up paying $16,000
   behalf of obese travellers forced to pay for an extra seat,          — the gas prices are not going to go down, certainly. This is      for the car, the state says.
          a law firm announced Monday.—INTERNET                         definitely the way to go.”                                              Masatoshi Hasegawa, executive vice president of
                                                                              A seven-hour charge using a 240-volt outlet costs about      Mitsubishi Motors North America, said 17,000 of the cars are
        TORONTO, 13 Dec—A judge has authorized a class action
                                                                        $3 at average US electric rates and gives the car enough power     already on the roads in Japan and in Europe. The company
   lawsuit against Air Canada on behalf of obese travellers
                                                                        to go about 62 miles.                                              has expectations for strong sales in the islands.
   forced to pay for an extra seat, a law firm announced Monday.
                                                                                                                                                “We are waiting for a big bang here because Hawaii is
        BGA Barristers & Solicitors LLP said in a statement the
                                                                                                                                           very green oriented,” Hasegawa said.
   lawsuit aims to reclaim fees the airlines charged clinically
                                                                                                                                                Hasegawa praised the incentives Hawaii has to encourage
   obese passengers for a second seat before Canada’s
                                                                                                                                           electric vehicle ownership. He also noted Hawaii has the
   transportation watchdog banned the practice in 2008.
                                                                                                                                           most advanced electric vehicle charging infrastructure in the
        A similar suit targeting its rival WestJet is also reportedly
   planned. So far no numbers of possible clients have been
   released, but according to court documents the suit could
   involve a multi-million dollar claim.                                                                                                    Bridget Nishimura, centre, talks to Hawaii Gov Neil
        Following complaints, the Canadian Transportation                                                                                      Abercrombie, right, as she gets out of her new
   Agency in 2008 ruled the two carriers had breached Canadian                                                                              Mitsubishi Motors electric vehicle after a brief test
   case law by charging obese and other disabled passengers                                                                                 drive in Honolulu on 12 Dec, 2011. The Nishimura
   accompanied by an attendant for two seats.                                                                                               family received the first Mitsubishi Motors electric
        It cited a Federal Court of Appeal decision that found “a                                                                                  vehicle delivered to a retail customer
   person who is obese may be (considered) disabled for purposes                                                                                             in North America.
   of air travel if unable to fit in an airline seat.”—Internet                                                                                                   INTERNET

P11(14).pmd                                      11                                                                                12/14/2011, 9:06 AM
   12 THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011

         CLAIMS DAY NOTICE                                                                                 Japan’s amazing
            MV KOTA MACHAN VOY NO (329)
        Consignees of cargo carried on MV KOTA
   MACHAN VOY NO (329) are hereby notified that the                                                         TOKYO, 13 Dec —Mak-
                                                                                                         ing a packed lunch for your
   vessel will be arriving on 14.12.2011 and cargo will be
                                                                                                         children to take to school is
   discharged into the premises of A.W.P.T where it will                                                 a chore performed by parents
   lie at the consignee’s risk and expenses and subject to the                                           around the world. But in Ja-
   byelaws and conditions of the Port of Yangon.                                                         pan, it is not just the taste and
        Damaged cargo will be surveyed daily from 8 am                                                   healthiness of the meal that
   to 11:20 am and 12 noon to 4 pm to Claims Day now                                                     is important - but how it
   declared as the third day after final discharge of cargo                                              looks. The country's ancient
   from the Vessel.                                                                                      emphasis on food presenta-
        No claims against this vessel will be admitted after                                             tion has been transformed
   the Claims Day.                                                                                       into a trend for character
                                                                                                         bento - packed lunches made
             SHIPPING AGENCY DEPARTMENT                                                                  to look like pandas, teddy
                  MYANMA PORT AUTHORITY                                                                  bears or even real people.
       AGENT FOR: M/S ADVANCE CONTAINER                                                                  The BBC's Tokyo corre-
                                   LINES                                                                 spondent Roland Buerk has
   Phone No: 256908/378316/376797                                                                        been finding out more. The
                                                                                                         Close-up series focuses on
                                                                                                         aspects of life in countries
                                                                                                         and cities around the world.          A "Sun" yacht is seen during the annual Christmas
                                                                                                         What may seem ordinary and           Colour Boat Parade in Marina Del Rey of California,
                                                                                                         familiar to the people who               the United States, on 10 Dec, 2011.—XINHUA
                                                                                                         live there can be surprising
                                                                                                         to those who do not.
                                                                                                                                               Health Minister says China
                                                                                                                                              faces severe plasma shortage
                                                                                                                                                BEIJJING, 13 Dec—China        medicines, Health Minister
                                                                                                                                             is faced with severe chal-       Chen Zhu said on Sunday.
                                                                                                                                             lenges in collecting enough         Chen called on the public
    The fire service and police have started an investigation                                                                                blood plasma to produce          to join blood donation after
                     into the fire.—INTERNET                                                                                                                                  donating blood plasma at the
           Woman, 51, dies in fire                                                                        Black widow spiders found in                                        Beijing Red Cross Blood
                                                                                                                                                                              Center on Sunday, the fifth
             at Denton house                                                                              car imported from California                                        time since he took office in
                                                                                                             BRISTOL, 13 Dec — Two           nately I'm not scared of spi-    2007. Blood plasma is
       LONDON, 13 Dec — A 51-         Woodruff, described how he                                         venomous black widow spi-           ders, but I had quite a shock    needed to make blood prod-
   year-old woman has died in a       tried to help the woman.                                           ders which were found in a          when we first suspected it       ucts like prothrombin com-
   house fire in Greater Man-         "There was such thick smoke                                        car imported from the United        could be a black widow," he      plex which is vital for
   chester. Fire crews were           you couldn't breathe but ob-                                       States have been given a new        said. "We continued stripping    hemophiliacs.
   called to Shoecroft Avenue,        viously you do your best in a                                      home in Bristol. The pair had       the car with a great deal of        The total volume of blood
   Denton, at 21:20 GMT on            situation like that," he said.                                     been nesting inside the 1964        caution and couldn't believe     plasma collected last year
   Friday and found the woman         "There was another guy and                                         Ford Falcon, which was im-          it when we found a second        was 4,180 tonnes, while the
   on the ground floor. She died      I was concerned for him be-                                        ported in January, but were         spider under the dashboard.      volume needed to produce
   at the scene. Neighbours had       cause he was struggling to                                         only discovered when resto-             "We were advised to          enough medicines was 8,000
   tried to rescue her before fire-   breathe. I was trying to get                                       ration work started last week.      phone a few organisations        tonnes, said a statement from
   fighters arrived. One man had      him out as well. He was de-                                        Mechanics at Oxfordshire-           which might be able to take      the ministry.
   to be treated for the effects of   termined to carry on and get                                       based Damax found the first         the spiders but none were           The situation became
   smoke inhalation. The fire         the fire out." It is understood                                    under the fuel tank and the         able to help [as] I wanted the   even worse this year. Dona-
   service and police have started    the woman had lived in the                                         second behind the dash-             spiders to be rehomed rather     tions of blood plasma in
   a joint investigation into the     area for more than 20 years                                        board.                              than killed. "We would have      China fell dramatically in
   cause of the fire.                 and had two grown-up                                                   The 1.5in-long (3.8cm)          never found either of the spi-   recent years, as a result of
       One neighbour, Peter           daughters.— Internet                                               spiders have been donated to        ders had we not completely       safety concerns from donors
                                                                                                         Bristol Zoo. Robin Ward, who        stripped the car but we've       and the government's efforts
     Rats to the rescue as they prove                                        Mechanics used the          works in Bicester, said he used     finished it now and are 100%     to regulate blood collection
                                                                           internet to confirm the       the internet to confirm the         certain that there are no        after contamination triggered
      they’ve human-like feelings                                            spiders were black          spider's identity from their        more," he added.                 HIV infection scandals.
       CHICAGO, 13 Dec— Rats          test arena. One rat was held          widows.— INTERNET            hourglass markings. "Fortu-                               Internet                         Xinhua
   display human-like empathy         in a closed tube with a door
   and will unselfishly go to the     that could only be nudged                  ‘More than 800 people’ phone-hacked                                                          Minibus crash in
   aid of a distressed fellow ro-     open from the outside. The
   dent, research has shown.          second was allowed to roam                          by News of World                                                                    Cumbria injures
   The results of an experiment       free outside the clear plastic         LONDON, 13 Dec — The total number of
   in which rats opened a door        tube, able to see and hear its     people whose phones were hacked by the                                                                  13 people
   to free trapped cage-mates         trapped cage-mate.                 News of the World will be about 800, police                                                              CUMBRIA, 13 Dec — A
   astonished scientists. No re-          Once the free rat learned      have said. The head of Scotland Yard's hack-                                                         minibus crashed when it
   ward was needed and not            by trial and error how to free     ing inquiry Operation Weeting told the Times                                                         came off an icy road in Cum-
   even the lure of chocolate         its companion, it did so al-       she was "confident" her officers had met all                                                         bria, injuring 13 people, po-
   distracted the rescuing rats.      most immediately. No at-           the likely victims. Deputy Assistant Com-                                                            lice said. The vehicle, which
   "This is the first evidence of     tempt was made to liberate a       missioner Sue Akers said some others who                                                             had 12 male passengers aged
   helping behaviour triggered        stuffed toy rat placed in the      were "potential targets, but are unlikely to                                                         between 18 and 20, was re-
   by empathy in rats," said US       tube, and empty tubes were         have been hacked" still need to be contacted.     The Leveson Inquiry is examining media
                                                                                                                                                                              turning to Millom early on
   study leader Professor Jean        left unopened. But rats were           The scandal led to the closure of the News     practices at the News of the World and
                                                                                                                                                                              Saturday after a night out in
   Decety.                            freed even when they re-           of the World after 168 years. It also prompted            other papers.— INTERNET
                                                                                                                                                                              Cockermouth. Cumbria Po-
       "There are a lot of ideas      mained separated from their        a major public inquiry into the culture, prac-    tacted, but it is thought that because of the      lice said the minibus left the
   in the literature showing that     rescuers, ruling out               tice and ethics of the press. The Times said a    lack of personal information about them,           A595, south of Gosforth, and
   empathy is not unique to           socialisation as a reward fac-     further 1,200 people had been in contact with     they are unlikely to have been hacked, the         rolled over on to its side.
   humans, but in rodents it was      tor. Most strikingly, rats still   the inquiry, but they are not believed to have    newspaper said. A Scotland Yard spokesman              The passengers and
   not very clear." The study,        prioritised their cage-mates       been hacked or are not named in the notebooks     said: "Operation Weeting has been in contact       driver were treated for non-
   conducted at the University        when offered the option of         seized from the private detective Glenn           with or been contacted by 2,037 people, of         life-threatening injuries at
   of Chicago, involved plac-         "freeing" chocolate from a         Mulcaire, who was employed by the News of         which in the region of 803 are 'victims',          Whitehaven's            West
   ing two laboratory rats which      second tube.                       the World.                                        whose names have appeared in the                   Cumberland Hospital.
   normally share a cage in a                               Internet         Thousands more people will be con-            material."—Internet                                                     Internet

P12(14).pmd                                       12                                                                                 12/14/2011, 9:06 AM
                                                                                                          THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011 13

      Man goes                                                                                                      Iowa man to attempt juggling record
                                                                                                                An Iowa juggler said he will attempt the Guinness World Record for fastest three-ball
      batty over                                                                                           juggling as part of a fundraiser for the North Iowa Youth Centre.
                                                                                                                Mark Hanson of Kanawha said he will attempt to beat a Czech man’s record of 339 throws
       Batman                                                                                              in one minute at 4 pm Saturday at the National Guard Armory in Mason City as part of the
                                                                                                           North Iowa Youth Centre’s Winter Fun Festival, The Mason City Globe Gazette reported
     memorabilia                                                                                           Monday.
             A man living in                                                                                    Hanson said he is confident he beat the record during his 10 attempts Saturday. He said
     Indianapolis has amassed a                                                                            his personal record is 420 throws.
     collection of almost 1,600                                                                                 “I have practiced for one minute probably a thousand times over the last couple months,”
     pieces        of    Batman                                                                            Hanson said.
     memorabilia, which he, of
     course, keeps in his own                                                                                Three plead guilty in
           Kevin         Silva’s      show. He also has a Gotham City phone book, reportedly                  toilet paper scam
     obsession with Batman            an actual prop from the show.                                              Three South Florida salespeople face up
     began when he was 5 years            A recent appraisal for insurance purposes estimated              to 20 years in prison for conning elderly people
     old in 1966, the year ABC’s      the collection’s value in six figures, but Silva said he             into buying unnecessary septic products.
     live-action Batman TV            doesn’t plan on selling any time soon.                               Christopher Lincoln, Mary Moore and Joseph
     series debuted, The                  Silva isn’t the only collector in his family, either. His        Nouerand pleaded guilty in federal court this
     Indianapolis Star reported.      daughter, Kaylaigh, 25, buys up all sorts of Marilyn                 past week to conspiring to commit wire fraud,
           “It just burned a hole     Monroe-related items, while her brother, Dylan, 21, collects         The Miami Herald reported Saturday.
     in the back of my head,”         memorabilia of the rock band Kiss.                                         Authorities said the three worked for FBK
     said Silva, who has been                                                                              Products of West Palm Beach and told their
     collecting          Batman
                                        I didn’t get any money this time                                   victims they needed to buy the company’s
     memorabilia ever since.               A man in a bar sees a friend at a table, drinking by            special products to avoid ruining their septic
           Within his collection      himself.                                                             tanks.
     is a Batman lunchbox he               Approaching the friend he comments, “You look                         During phone sales, salespeople for the
     carried to kindergarten.         terrible. What’s the problem?”                                       FBK Products claimed the company was
           Silva’s collection              “My mother died in August,” he said, “and left me               affiliated with the Environmental Protection
     spans all decades and            $25,000.”                                                            Agency, the US Food and Drug Administration
     reincarnations of the Caped           “Gee, that’s tough,” he replied.                                and the US Department of Agriculture, federal
     Crusader, but the 1960s               “Then in September,” the friend continued, “My father           prosecutors said. Victims were also told they
     ABC series is most heavily       died, leaving me $90,000.”                                           needed to buy special soap, detergent and
     featured.                             “Wow. Two parents gone in two months. No wonder                 toilet paper or their septic tanks would not
           In his basement, also      you’re depressed.”                                                   pass federal inspections.
     know as the Batcave, Silva            “And last month my aunt died, and left me $15,000.”                   Prosecutors said the company made
     has a red Batphone, which             “Three close family members lost in three months?               about $1 million from more than a dozen victims
     sits under glass, just like it   How sad.”                                                            nationwide. Lincoln, Moore and Nouerand
     did in Commissioner                   “Then this month,” continued, the friend, “absolutely           will be sentenced in February. Three other
     Gordon’s office on the           nothing!”                         News Album                         suspects are awaiting trial.

        15 films qualify for Visual                                                                                              Bieber to tape Canadian Christmas
            Effects Oscar race                                                                                                                  show
                                                                                                                                   TORONTO, 13 Dec—Canadian recording star Justin Bieber announced
         BEVERLY HILLS, 13 Dec— Hollywood’s Academy of                                                                       Monday his plans to tape a 30-minute Christmas special for MuchMusic and
    Motion Picture Arts and Sciences said Monday 15 films                                                                    CTV in Toronto. “MuchMusic Presents Justin Bieber: Home for the Holidays”
    released in 2011 are eligible for nomination for the Visual                                                              is to premiere 22 Dec. The special will be taped at a Toronto concert; however,
    Effects Oscar. The movies are listed below in alphabetical                                                               details regarding the date and location of the show have not yet been
    order:                                                                                                                   announced. All proceeds from the concert will benefit Bieber’s “Believe”
         — “Captain America: The First Avenger”                         US President Barack Obama, first lady                charity drive.
         — “Cowboys & Aliens”                                            Michelle Obama and daughters Malia                        The 17-year-old pop singer is expected to perform his hits “Mistletoe”
         — “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 2”               and Sasha are joined by entertainers (L-R)            and “Baby,” as well as covers of some of his favourite pop songs and
         — “Hugo”                                                        Jennifer Hudson, Victoria Justice and               Christmas classics. “The holidays are a very special time of the year for me
         — “Mission: Impossible — Ghost Protocol”                         Justin Bieber for a final song at the              and I’m looking forward to coming home and ringing them in with my friends
         — “Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides”                 conclusion of the performances at the               and family,” Bieber said in a statement. “And this year will be extra special,
         — “Real Steel”                                                annual “Christmas in Washington” gala,                as I’ll be sharing the spirit of the season with the whole of Canada with my
         — “Rise of the Planet of the Apes”                                 11 December, 2011.—INTERNET                      TV special, ‘Home for the Holidays’ on MuchMusic and CTV.”—Internet
         — “Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows”
         — “Sucker Punch”
         — “Super 8”
                                                                        Rashida Jones has no time for Richard Hatch released from
         — “Thor”
         — “Transformers: Dark of the Moon”
                                                                                   love               prison
         — “The Tree of Life”                                               L ONDON , 13 Dec—                                                      CRANSTON , 13 Dec—
         — “X-Men: First Class”                                        Actress Rashida Jones says                                            Richard Hatch has been
         The list will be whittled down to five when the 84th          she has no plans to find a                                            released from a Rhode Island
    Academy Awards nominations are announced 24 Jan. The               boyfriend any time soon as                                            prison after serving nine
    Oscars for outstanding film achievements of 2011 are to be         she is busy with her acting                                           months for a probation
    presented 26 Feb at the Kodak Theatre at Hollywood &               career. “This is a little bit of                                      violation, officials said. Hatch
    Highland Centre.—Internet                                          a choice for me. My career is                                         is famous for competing on
                                                                       paramount at the moment.                                              the TV reality shows
                                              A statue of an           I’ve had a lot of luck in the                                         “Survivor” and “Celebrity
                                               Oscar is on             past couple of years. And I                                           Apprentice.”
                                            display outside of         want to be open to it and              Actress Rashida Jones                He went to prison in 2006
                                                the Kodak              available        to        it,”     added. “The Social Network”       after he was convicted of tax
                                                Theatre as    quoted             star also reveals she is unsure   evasion and was released in         Richard Hatch Gets Back
                                            preparations are           her as saying on the Piers          whether she would ever            2009. However, he was sent         to Civilization with a Milk
                                            made for the 83rd          Morgan show.                        exchange wedding vows.            back to prison in March after      ad. Richard Hatch, the last
                                            annual Academy                  “And my career right                “I totally believe in        he failed to comply with the       one left standing on the hit
                                              Awards in the            now is very time consuming.         romance and love and all that.    terms of his release by not           CBS show “Survivor,”
                                               Hollywood               And I like it that way. It’s        But the actual institution of     settling his outstanding tax        displays his winning style
                                              section of Los           good. I’m acting and I’m            marriage... in this country       bills. E! News reported he was       in the latest “got milk?”
                                              Angeles, on 26           writing and it’s taking up a        (America), more than half the     released from a prison in           ad by sporting the famous
                                             February, 2011.           lot of my energy. I’m also...       people get divorced.              Cranston, RI, Monday                      milk mustache.
                                                 INTERNET              you know, I’m picky,” she                                  Internet   afternoon.—Internet                           INTERNET

P13 (14).pmd                                     13                                                                                   12/14/2011, 9:06 AM
   14 THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011

       Chelsea agree to Anelka’s                                            Tottenham boss Harry
             China switch                                                Redknapp critical of Chris Foy
       LONDON, 13 Dec — Chel-        pastures new next month.              L ONDON , 13 Dec —           kicks on two more occasions
   sea have agreed a deal with       The much-travelled striker,       Tottenham manager Harry          as they pushed for the equal-
   Chinese club Shanghai             who has also played for Ar-       Redknapp was angry with          iser. Kaboul's goalbound
   Shenhua that will see Nicolas     senal, Real Madrid, Paris St      referee Chris Foy after he       shot hit Ryan Shawcross's
   Anelka leave Stamford             Germain, Liverpool, Man-          made a number of question-       elbow on the line and, in the
   Bridge during the January         chester City, Fenerbahce and      able decisions in their 2-1      scramble that followed,
   transfer window. The 32-          Bolton, joined Chelsea from       defeat at Stoke.                 Adebayor was incorrectly
   year-old Frenchman has            the Trotters in January 2008            Spurs felt Foy missed      flagged offside as he fired
   struggled to hold down a          for £15m.                         two handballs, wrongly dis-      home. Jermain Defoe also         Frank Lampard comes off the bench to score a decisive
   regular place in the Blues            He has scored 59 goals in     allowed an Emmanuel              felt one of his shots was        penalty as Chelsea hand 10-man Manchester City their
   side since new manager            185 matches for the west          Adebayor strike for offside      blocked by a hand while          first Premier League defeat of the season.— INTERNET
   Andre Villas-Boas took over       London club, helping them         and harshly awarded Younes       Tottenham were further in-
   in June, making only three
   Barclays Premier League
                                     to win the FA Cup in 2009
                                     and 2010 and the Barclays
                                                                       Kaboul a second yellow card.     censed by the red card shown         Lampard’s penalty earns
                                                                       "Adebayor was way onside,"       to Kaboul.
   starts this season.               Premier League in 2010.           said Redknapp.                       "That's why we've come           Chelsea 2-1 victory over
       And now the club have         Anelka's contract at Chelsea           "There were two blatant     away with nothing," said
   confirmed on their official       was due to run out next sum-      handballs and the referee        Redknapp.                              unbeaten Man City
   website ( that      mer and he had a transfer         missed them. "I thought he                            Internet
   Anelka, who joined Chelsea        request formally accepted                                                                               L ONDON , 13 Dec —           over arch rival Manshester
                                                                       had a poor day. It [Kaboul's
   in 2008, will be leaving for      last week.— Internet                                                                                Frank Lampard's last-seven-      United. The title contention
                                                                       sending off] was farcical."
                                                                                                                                         minute penalty propelled         thus returned to be usually
                                                                           Stoke took a 2-0 lead with
                                                                                                                                         Chelsea to a 2-1 victory over    intense after Man City led
                                                                       a first-half double from Mat-
                                                                                                                                         Manchester City and handed       the league with great mar-
                                                                       thew Etherington, although
                                                                                                                                         the Premier League leader        gins in the season's early
                                                                       Peter Crouch appeared to
                                                                                                                                         their first defeat of the sea-   campaign. On Monday
                                                                       control the ball with his arm
                                                                                                                                         son on Monday. The 33-           night, before the dramatic
                                                                       in assisting the opener.
                                                                                                                                         year-old Lampard, who was        finish of the England
                                                                           The visitors hit back            Redknapp questions           used to be the skipper in the    midfielder, Man City, who
                                                                       through an Adebayor pen-         'farcical' Kaboul dismissal      Stanford Bridge, came off        hadn't lost a game yet after
                                                                       alty but were denied spot-                  at Stoke              the bench in the last 17 min-    14 rounds, made a dream
                                                                                                                                         utes. His sharp pass seven       start after Mario Balotelli's
                                                                        International Sports                                             minutes before the injury
                                                                                                                                         time set up Daniel Sturridge
                                                                                                                                                                          second-minute opening
                                                                                                                                         free in the area and the Eng-        However, Chelsea, who
                                                                                                                                         land forward's shot caused       beat Newcastle in the league
    Nicolas Anelka has scored only once in 15 appearances              Chiellini says Juventus’ draw                                     Joleon Lescott's hand ball,      and obsoleted Valencia in
                   for Chelsea this season                                                                                               earning the host side a valu-    the Champions League re-
                                                                         with Roma not a slip-up                                         able penalty.                    cently, showed their upward
        World Sailing Championships:                                                                    Chiellini before Gigi Buffon         Lampard, who was fre-
                                                                                                                                         quently excluded from the
                                                                                                                                                                          form when Portuguese or-
                                                                                                                                                                          ganising midfielder Raul
                                                                                                        saved a Roma penalty.
        Percy & Simpson lead star class                                                                    "Was this a wasted op-        starting 11 by the manager       Meireles equalised before
                                                                                                        portunity? Clearly we had        Andre Villas-Boas this sea-      half-time. Man City was
       PERTH, 13 Dec — Olym-         Giles Scott and Ed Wright
                                                                                                        come here to win and tried to    son, reproved his experi-        stunned by one man down
   pic champions Iain Percy and      took gold and bronze in the
                                                                                                        do that, but everyone strug-     ence, resilience and calm to     before the hour when the
   Andrew Simpson retained           finn on Sunday, while the
                                                                                                        gles in Rome. It's a long way    convert the penalty, lifting     fullback Gael Clichy was
   their lead after the second       men's 470 won silver.
                                                                                                        from saying this is a slip-      Chelsea to the sensational       sent off for fouling Ramires.
   day of racing in the star class       The second week of rac-           Juventus defender
                                                                                                        up," Chiellini was quoted by     victory and the third place      With the numerical advan-
   at the World Championships        ing sees the start of the men's        Giorgio Chiellini
                                                                                               as saying.   in the league.                   tage, Chelsea collected the
   in Perth. The Britons built on    RS:X windsurfing, laser and
                                                                           R OMA , 13 Dec —             "Considering how things              The Blues' third win in      critical three points after
   a solid first day with fifth      49er, and the women's
                                                                       Juventus defender Giorgio        were going, this is an impor-    succession dragged City          Lampard's cool finish.
   and fourth-place finishes on      470.Penny Clark and Katrina
                                                                       Chiellini insisted the Old       tant point.                      down to a two-point lead                               Internet
   Monday to move 12 points          Hughes are the leading Brit-
   clear overall. Compatriots        ons in the women's 470, in        Lady's 1-1 draw against             "We had the strength to
                                     third place after the opening     Roma on Monday was not a         fight back and try to win           Dubai winner Quiros hails
                                     two races, with Olympic se-       slip-up for them, as "every-     right to the end. We allowed
                                     lections Hannah Mills and         body struggles in Rome."         Roma more than we                    record-breaking Donald
                                     Saskia Clark in eighth. "Day      The Bianconeri went behind       should've, but overall it was        DUBAI, 13 Dec — Span-        Briton Paul Lawrie and three
                                     1 of the worlds....felt like we   in the first few minutes when    a positive performance that      iard Alvaro Quiros beat Luke     in front of Donald. “The
                                     were sailing on a swamp,          Arturo Vidal's howler al-        gives strength to the side and   Donald to the Dubai World        mental statement is the one
     Percy and Simpson are           couldnt see the sea just mist     lowed Daniele De Rossi to        puts us back on top of the       Championship title but he is     that moves a real golfer and
     defending the title they        and rain!!" Mills and Clark       score, then equalized through    table," he said.— Xinhua         still in awe of the record-      you can see it in Luke. He
      won in Rio last year.          said on Twitter.                                                                                    breaking Briton’s nerves of      obviously feels so good un-
            INTERNET                                        Internet     Scott wins Australian golfer                                    steel and tenacity under pres-   der pressure.”World number
                                                                                                                                         sure. “Luke is unbelievable,”    one Donald’s third-place fin-
    PSG and Tottenham on brink                                                of the year award                                          the 28-year-old Quiros told      ish in Dubai made sure he
                                                                           SYDNEY, 13 Dec — Adam                                         reporters after Donald came      became the first player to
         in Europa League                                              Scott’s commanding win at                                         third in the blazing heat of     win the orders of merit in
       L ONDON , 13 Dec —            Spurs are in contention for       the Bridgestone International                                     the United Arab Emirates on      Europe and the United States.
   Paris Saint-Germain and           a top-four finish in Eng-         has earned him the Austral-                                       Sunday. “You can never               The willowy 6-foot-3
   Tottenham are among the           land. PSG hosts Athletic          ian Golf Digest player of the                                     count him out.                   Quiros is one of the longest
   teams relying on other results    Bilbao on Wednesday               year award, ahead of Jason                                            “He’s always coming          hitters in world golf but can
   for Europa League progress        needing to better Salzburg’s      Day. Scott led from start to                                      back, always coming at you.      be terribly wayward off the
   and it isn’t quite clear which    result at Slovan Bratislava       finish in August to win the                                       It’s not easy being number       tee and he acknowledges
   way they want things to go        if it is to progress ahead of     Bridgestone title. In April,                                      one in the world when eve-       that, despite his smiling de-
   when the group stage con-         the Austrian club.                Scott shot a final-round 67 at                                    rybody wants to catch you,”      meanour, he is often prone to
                                          Tottenham can only ad-       the Masters to tie for second        Aussie Adam Scott            he said after finishing two      negative thoughts on the
   cludes this week. Although
   the competition offers the        vance Thursday if it wins at      with Day, two shots behind       Karrie Webb won the wom-         shots ahead of 42-year-old       course.
   clubs the realistic chance of a   Shamrock Rovers and               South African winner Charl       en’s award for the 13th time                                          “There are always two
   trophy, both know elimina-        Rubin Kazan loses at              Schwartzel.                      after highlighting a stellar                                      ways to see the bottle—half-
   tion would leave them free to     PAOK. With 15 teams hav-              Australian Golf Digest       year by winning the HSBC                                          empty or half-full,” said the
   focus on more pressing do-        ing advanced, nine remain-        editor Steve Keipert said        Women’s Champions at Sin-                                         Dubai specialist after adding
   mestic matters.                   ing berths are up for grabs       “2011 will go down as the        gapore in February, before                                        the World Championship to
       PSG is tied with              this week—with 19 clubs           year Scott made his biggest      claiming the LPGA Found-                                          his Desert Classic success in
   Montpellier at the top of         in contention to fill them.       steps yet en route to reaching   ers Cup in Arizona the fol-                                       the same city in February.
   the French league, while                               Internet     his undeniable potential.”       lowing month.—Internet            Spaniard Alvaro Quiros                               Internet

P14(14).pmd                                     14                                                                               12/14/2011, 9:06 AM
                                                                                                                            THE NEW LIGHT OF MYANMAR Wednesday, 14 December, 2011 15

     MYANMAR INTERNATIONAL                                         Transmissions                            Times                                            * Music Gallery
         Programme Schedule                                                                                                                                  * News
                                                        Local                 - (09:00am ~ 11:00am)MST
       (14-12-2011) (Wednesday)                         Overseas Transmission - (14-12-11 09:30 am ~15-12-11 09:30 am) MST                                   * Zaykabar Myanmar Open 2012 (Press
    Local Transmission                                                                Conference)                                                            * News
    * Opening                                                                       * News                                                                   * Learn and Fun At Monument Books and Toys
    * News                                                                          * Learn and Fun At Monument Books and Toys                               * News
    * Glimpse at the Architecture (The                                              Overseas Transmission                                                    * Youth and Language YUFL (Part-2)
      Dhammayangyi )                                                                * Opening                                                                * News
    * News                                                                          * News                                                                   * Myanma Thanakha
    * Music Concert to mark Singapore—Myanmar                                       * Glimpse at the Architecture ( The                                      * News
      Diplomatic Relations                                                            Dhammayangyi )                                                         * Working & Living in Myanmar ( Tourism )
    * Myanma Thanakha                                                               * News                                                                   * News
    * News                                                                          * Music Concert to mark Singapore—Myanmar                                * Aureum Palace Resort
    * Zaykabar Myanmar Open 2012 (Press                                               Diplomatic Relations                                                   * Myanmar Movies “Implicated Attachement”

                                                                                                                                   7:40 am                        4. Myanmar                    6:00 pm
                 Weather Map of Myanmar and
                                                                                                                                    4. Dhamma Puja Song              Traditional                12. Evening News
                     Neighbouring Areas                                                                                            7:55 am                           Cultural                   6:15 pm
                                                                                                                                    5. Nice & Sweet Song             Performing Arts            13. Weather Report
                                                                                                                                   8:05 am                           Competitions               6:20 pm
                                                                                                                                    6. Health Programme          4:40s pm                       14. Traditional
                                                                                                                                   8:15 am                        5. University of                   Boxing
                                                                                                                                    7. Cultural Dances               Distance                   6:45 pm
                                                                                                                                   8:25 am                           Education                  15. Shwe Yin Chone
                                                                                                   Wednesday,                       8. Myanmar                       (TV Lectures)                   Than
                                                                                                  14 December                          Traditional Cultural          -Second Year               7:10 pm
                                                                                                  View on today                        Performing Arts               (Chemistry)                16. Documentary
                                                                                                                                       Competitions              4:50 pm                        7:25 pm
                                                                                                    3210987654321                  8:40 am                        6. Songs For                  17. Wut Hmon
                                                                                                                                    9. International News            Upholding                      Music Troupe
                                                                                               7:00 am                             8:50 am                           National Spirit            7:40 pm
                                                                                                1. Paritta by Hilly                10.Musical                    5:00 pm                        18. Documentary
                                                                                                   Region                              Programme                  7. Documentary                8:00 pm
                                                                                                   Missionary                      4:00 pm                       5:10 pm                        19. News
                                                                                                   Sayadaw                          1. Martial Song               8. Classical Song             20. International
                                                                                                   -Uppatasanti                    4:10 pm                       5:20 pm                            News
                                                                                                   Paritta                          2. Musical                    9. Teleplay (Health)          21. Weather Report
                                                                                               7:25 am                                  Programme                5:35 pm                        22. Korea NG
                                                                                                2. To Be Healthy                   4:20 pm                       10. Solo Favourites                Award
                                                                                                   Exercise                         3. Song Of National          5:50 pm                        23. TV Drama Series
                                                                                               7:30 am                                  Races                    11. “ASEAN”                    24. Myanmar Video
                                                                                                3. Morning News                    4:30 pm                           Programmes                     Feature

                          Weather forecast for 14th December, 2011
                                                                                                                               ‘Ladies vs Ricky Bahl’
     Sr.                                    Temperature (°C/°F)                       For Tomorrow
                                                                                                                               average, earns Rs.16.54
      1                  Kachin
                                                                        Likelihood of isolated light rain
                                                                                                                               cr in opening weekend
      2                  Kayah               26/79       11/52                    Partly cloudy                                    NEW DELHI, 13 Dec— Ranveer Singh
      3                  Kayin               33/91       15/59                   Partly cloudy                                and Anushka Sharma-starrer “Ladies vs
      4                   Chin               17/63       - 02/28                 Partly cloudy                                Ricky Bahl” made an average start and the
      5             Upper Sagaing            25/77       11/52                   Partly cloudy                                romantic comedy, which got mixed
      6             Lower Sagaing            29/84       14/57                   Partly cloudy
                                                                                                                              reviews, has earned approximately
      7              Taninthayi              32/90       13/55                   Partly cloudy
      8                  Bago                32/90       17/63                   Partly cloudy
                                                                                                                              Rs.16.54 crore in the opening weekend.
      9                 Magway               32/90       16/61                   Partly cloudy
                                                                                                                                   Made at a budget of Rs.25 crore, the
     10                 Mandalay             30/86       17/63                   Partly cloudy
                                                                                                                              film collected Rs.4.74 crore Friday, Rs.5.59
     11                   Mon                33/91       17/63                   Partly cloudy                                crore Saturday and Rs.6.21 crore Sunday.
     12                 Yangon               33/91       19/66                   Partly cloudy                                     A conman’s story, the film sees Ranveer   film targeted the young crowd.
     13                 Rakhine              31/88       15/59                   Partly cloudy                                fooling three girls Aditi Sharma, Dipannita         “The occupancy has been around 85
     14             Southern Shan            24/75       09/48          Likelihood of isolated light rain       (60%)
                                                                                                                              Sharma and Parineeti Chopra, cousin of         percent in total for all three days and it
     15             Northern Shan            26/79       07/45                                                  (60%)
                                                                        Likelihood of isolated light rain                     actress Priyanka Chopra. In the end, he        targets younger crowd.
     16             Eastern Shan             21/70       13/55          Likelihood of isolated light rain       (60%)
                                                                                                                              finds his match in Anushka.                         The opening was dull on Friday but
     17              Ayeyawady               33/91       20/68                   Partly cloudy
                                                                                                                                   “Ladies vs Ricky Bahl” brought the        later it picked up in the next two days,
     18      Neighbouring Nay Pyi Taw        32/90       17/63                   Partly cloudy
     19          Neighbouring Yangon         33/91       19/66                   Partly cloudy
                                                                                                                              “Band Baaja Baaraat” trio of Ranveer,          however, the occupancy dropped again on
     20       Neighbouring Mandalay          30/86       17/63                   Partly cloudy
                                                                                                                              Anushka and director Maneesh Sharma            Monday,” he said.
                                                                                                                              together, but they couldn’t repeat the same
                            During the past (24) hours, light rain have been isolated in Kachin State and weather has                                                             “The film is likely to get affected by the
                            been partly cloudy in the remaining Regions and States. Night temperatures were (3°C)             success story.
          Summary of                                                                                                                                                         release of ‘Mission Impossible 4: The Ghost
                            above December averages temperatures in Eastern Shan State, (3°C) to (4°C)              below          While some trade experts say that the
       observations at                                                                                                                                                       Protocol’.
      09:30 hr MST on
                            December average temperatures in Upper Sagaing Region and Kayin State, (5°C) below                film has opened up good, others feel that
                            December average temperatures in Lower Sagaing and Taninthayi Regions and about
                                                                                                                              the Anushka-Ranveer jodi has failed this            There is a lot of buzz surrounding the
                            December average temperatures in the remaining Regions and States. The significant night
                                                                                                                              time.                                          film as it stars Anil Kapoor. However, the
                            temperature were Hakha (-1°C) and Loilen (6°C).
                                                                                                                                   “The response to the film is average as   performances of all the actors have been
           Bay              Weather is partly cloudy to cloudy in South Bay and partly cloudy in the Andaman sea and
                                                                                                                              the occupancy has been 60-70 percent,”         good,” he added.
     Inference              elsewhere in the Bay of Bengal.
                                                                                                                              Yogesh Raizada, corporate head (Cinemas)            Raizada of Waves appreciated Parineeti
     State of the Sea       Seas will be slight to moderate in Myanmar waters.
                                                                                                                              of Wave Cinemas told IANS.                     and said: “She is impressive when it comes
     Outlook for sub-
     sequent two days
                            Likelihood of slight decrease of night temperatures in the Upper Myanmar areas.                        Puneet Sahay, of Spice Cinemas says       to acting.”
                                                                                                                              that family audiences stayed away as the                                              Internet
    R/489 Printed and published by the New Light of Myanmar press in Nay Pyi Taw, the News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information.

p15 (14).pmd                                              15                                                                                          12/14/2011, 9:06 AM
   4th Waning of Nadaw 1373 ME                                                                                                                             Wednesday, 14 December, 2011

      Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker                                                                                                                                                      Hluttaw

       U Khin Aung Myint meets                                                                                                                                                        Speaker
                                                                                                                                                                                      U Khin

     Singaporean Foreign Affairs                                                                                                                                                    Aung Myint
          Minister and party                                                                                                                                                           greets
          NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec— A goodwill            U Myint Thein of Hluttaw Office and
   delegation led by Singaporean Foreign             officials.                                                                                                                       Foreign
   Affairs Minister Mr K Shanmugam paid a                   The visiting delegation was                                                                                                Affairs
   call on Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker U              accompanied        by     Singaporean
   Khin Aung Myint at Amyotha Hluttaw                Ambassador to the Republic of the Union                                                                                          Minister
   Hall in Hluttaw Building here this evening.       of Myanmar Mr Chua Hian Kong Robert.
          Also present on the occasion together             The meeting mainly focused on                                                                                                Mr K
   with Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker U Khin            promoting mutual friendship, cooperation                                                                                      Shanmugam.
   Aung Myint were Chairman of UN, ASEAN,            and intercommunication between
   AIPA and International Relations Committee        Hluttaws.                                                                                                                           MNA
   Col Maung Maung Htoo, Director-General                                               MNA

              National literary awards                                                                     Dr Thaw Kaung wins Lifetime
                for 2011 announced                                                                           National Literary Award
        NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—        knowledge (arts) genre,           two 5"x7" size colour photos             NAY PYI TAW, 13 Dec—National             held at Ministry of Information in Nay Pyi
   The National Literary Award      Sayagyi U Han Tun in general      and two passport size photos      Literary Awards Scrutinizing Committee of       Taw on 27 December.
   Scrutiny Committee of the        knowledge (science) genre,        within two weeks.                 the Ministry of Information selected writer             The reason why the committee chose
   Ministry of Information          Saw Ngu Wah (Pyinmana) in              The prize-awarding           Dr Thaw Kaung as Lifetime National Literary     him as Lifetime Achievement Award Winner
   today announced name list        general knowledge (applied        ceremony will be held at 9 am     Award winner for 2010. He will be awarded       is that he has been making contribution to
   of books and writers qualified   science) genre, Ko Than           on 27 December, 2011 at the       at National Literary Awards and Sarpay          the benefit of Myanmar Literary in his life
   for National Literary Award      (Kyimyindine) in political        meeting hall of Ministry of       Beikman Manuscript Award ceremony to be         time.—MNA
   among the books published        literature genre, and Kyaw Latt   Information.—MNA
   during 2010.                     in English language genre.                                             National Literary Award for 2010
        The awards went to Ye             Starting from 2010,          Sr         Genre                          Book                          Author                        Publisher
   Shan in collective short story   English language book
   genre, Myinmu Maung Naing        award was added in                 1. Collective                 Budayongale                     Ye Shan                         Seikku Cho Cho
   Moe in collective poem genre,    presenting National Literary          short stories
   Tint Swe (Pyapon) in belles-     Award.
                                                                       2. Collective poems           Alwan-thadin Pan-ta-khin        Myinmu Maung Naing Moe Naingngan Gonye
   letter genre, Tin Myint in             The winners have been
   youth literary genre, Boe        requested to contact the           3. Belles-letters             Kyawpoeikkalayko Chikalwe Tint Swe (Pyapon)                    Panmyotayar
   Hlaing in translation            secretary of the committee at      4. Youth Literary             From Shinma Mountain to         Tin Myint                       Naingngan Gonye
   (knowledge) genre, Nay Win       Sarpay Beikman at No. 529-                                       Ayeyawady
   Myint      in    translation     531 on Merchant Street (Ph:        5. Translation         Discovery of India                     Boe Hlaing                      Monyway Publishing House
   (aesthetic) genre, Dr Aung       01-376569), administration            (General knowledge)
   Myint Oo in general              department (01-381449) with
                                                                       6. Translation             Yekantha Kyataingaye               Nay Win Myint                  Bagan Publishing House
    Stake driven for village library                                      (Aesthetic)
                                                                       7. General Knowledge Research on language                     Dr Aung Myint Oo                Duwan Publishing House
         THABAUNG, 13 Dec—A ceremony to drive stake for
   construction of Shwe Wuthmon Library was held in                    8. General Knowledge Narathukha Treatise                      Sayagyi U Han Tun               Khunasin Book House
   conjunction with the cash donation at the Basic Education              (Science)         and prose treatise
   Primary School in Kyauksayitgon Village, Thabaung                   9. General Knowledge IM bio-technological                     Saw Ngu Wah ( Pyinmana)         Synergy Publication
   Township, on 4 December.                                                                 agriculture (applied science)
         Township level departmental officials and                    10. Political literature       The secret journey of           Ko Than (Kyimyindine)           Monyway Publishing House
   townselders drove stakes at the designated places.                                                a Myanmar youth group
         At the donation ceremony, the staff officer of District                                     to the battlefield of Vietnam
   Information and Public Relations Department handed over
   the cash donated by the State to the township                      11. English Language           Art and Architecture of Bagan   Kyaw Latt                       Mudon Book House
   administrator.—MNA                                                                                and Historical Background

                                                                                                            Scott                                            Chelsea agree to
                                                                                                                                                           Anelka’s China switch
                                                                                                         golfer of
    It is the responsibility of the journalism, the fourth pillar of the
         nation to monitor and mend the legislative, judicial and                                         the year
                 executive pillars in practicing democracy                                                 award
                                                                                           PAGE 10                                               PAGE 14                                   PAGE 14

P16(14).pmd                                    16                                                                                12/14/2011, 9:06 AM

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