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Greece and Italy (PowerPoint)


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									Greece and Italy

 History, Culture, and
 Was first made up of independent city-states.
 Would eventually become part of the Roman
  Empire until the empire divided.
 Greece was the eastern half of this empire that
  split. This empire was known as the Byzantine
 Most spoke Greek and followed the eastern
  traditions of Christianity – Greek Orthodox Church
 1453: Byzantine Empire conquered by Ottoman
  Turks, who were Islamic
 During the late 1700s, the Greeks were gaining
  nationalism and liked the idea of independence
  as they began to develop a high level of interest
  and pride of their Greek history.
 1829: Greece claims independence and formed a
 1967: Military officials took over the government.
  The government would fail in 1975
 Since 1975: Parliamentary Democracy
                Greek Culture
 Most speak Greek and are apart of the Greek
  Orthodox church
 Every major town has a patron saint, where
  townspeople celebrate their saint every year
  through a festival.
 2/3 of people live in cities with many people living
  in Athens, Greece’s capital.
 Blend of old sections with narrow streets and
  newer areas that have shopping centers and high
  rise apartments. Coffee houses can be found
  here where friends often meet. 
 Greece Government/Economics
 Parliamentary democracy
 President does ceremonial duties
 Prime Minister and his/her cabinet along with
  Parliament governs the country
 Voting is compulsory (mandatory) as failure to
  vote is against the law.
 Has fewer high-tech and service jobs than other
  countries in Western Europe
 Agriculture, tourism, shipping, and fishing are
 Was once apart of the Western Roman Empire
  (prior to the late 400s when this Empire fell).
 When the Empire split, the Italian Peninsula was
  split into small kingdoms and city-states.
 In 1796, France controlled much of this peninsula
  and helped improved conditions here
 Better roads, common currency, new laws were
 Italians saw the benefits of unity and wanted the
                    Italy History
 Italian patriots unified Italy in 1861.
 Giuseppe Garibaldi and Camillo Cavour were 2 major
  patriots involved.
 Benito Mussolini – promoted fascism in Italy when he
  took over the government in 1920
 Fascism – a political system based on fierce nationalism
  and strong central government led by a dictator.
 Mussolini was able to gain the trust of the Italians for his
  style of government as he promised the return of a
  powerful Roman Empire.
 Mussolini would face harsh defeats in World War II and
  tried to escape Italy. He was captured and killed while the
  government was replaced with a democracy.
               Italian Culture
 Speak Italian (official language). This is known as
  one of the romance languages.
 Romance Languages – come from Latin and are
  spoken in places that used to be part of the
  Roman Empire.
 Most are catholic as church leaders and the
  government were very tight.
 The Vatican is in Italy, the political and religious
  center of the Catholic Church. It is an
  independent country and it’s the smallest country
  in the world.
           More Italian Culture
 Agricultural/Rural modern, urban society
 Becoming more diverse as of late
 Northern and Southern Italy are very different from
  each other.
 Northern: richer with more people working in
  manufacturing and different styles of food (risotto-
  rice dish).
 Southern: more people work in agriculture and
  pasta with tomato sauce food here
 All of Italy is heavy in sports as many enjoy
  watching race car driving, cycling, and soccer
           Italian Government
 Parliamentary Democracy where voters elect ¾ of
 ¼ of Parliament is selected through a complex
  system that has all of the political parties
  represented in Parliament
 Prime Minister is head of government and is
  selected from the Political party that receives the
  most votes in Parliament.
 Due to the large number of political parties, some
  group together for a common purpose (coalition).
  This is often temporary and allows for Italian
  government to always be changing.
             Italian Economy
 Prosperous industrial nation today but was mostly
  an agricultural nation in the past.
 Famous for fashionable clothing, shoes, and
 EU member, helped Italy’s economy grow.
 Due to EU membership, Italy was able to open
  new markets for its products.
 Northern Italy benefited the most as Southern Italy
  still remains largely farmland.
 Still working on bringing better prosperity to the
  southern parts

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