Name ________________________ Date _______________________
Ancient Greece Unit Test
Circle the correct answer.
1. An oligarchy is a form of government in which
(a) The citizens hold power.
(b) The people elect its leaders.
(c) A small group holds political power.
(d) A religious leader is the leader.
2. An amphora is a type of
3. Who could be citizens in Athens?
(a) A slave
(b) A man
(c) A woman
(d) All of the above
4. Sparta had this type of government:
5. All of the following were Greek philosophers except:
6. Sir Arthur Evans discovered the remains of which civilization?
7. All citizens in ancient Athens had the right to attend the Assembly, where
they met to hold open discussions and cast votes. This situation is an
8. Which of the following statements is NOT true of the people of ancient
(a) They established a monetary system
(b) They traded with other cultures by sea routes
(c) They were the least advanced militarily
(d) They were polytheistic
9. Greece fell to ________________.
10. The Minoans did not need to build walls around their cities because:
(a) Their control of the sea discouraged invaders
(b) They possessed the largest army in the Mediterranean
(c) They had formed an alliance with the Mycenaeans
(d) They had formed and alliance with Sparta
11. The two most significant Greek city-states were ___________________.
(a) Athens and Rome
(b) Sparta and Athens
(c) Carthage and Sparta
(d) Carthage and Athens
12. The capital of the Persian Empire was _______.
13. The Delian League was __________.
(a) A group of countries that fought the Macedonian Empire.
(b) Soldiers from the Persian Empire sent to fight the Greeks.
(c) A group of countries centered around Athens.
(d) An economic policy that called for all Greeks to have the same
14. In Greece, a prediction or the name of the place where a prediction was
15. The type of Greek play where a man was brought down by a flaw in his
16. Select all options that apply by circling the letter(s)
Pericles is well known for his
(a) Funeral oration
(b) Cultural influences
(c) Public work projects
(d) Failure on the battlefield
For questions 17- 20 : When writing your answers, write the entire
word “True” or “False.” If you choose false, explain how you would
change the statement to make it true.
17. Darius I of Persia fought the Greeks at Marathon and lost.
18. The main reason for Greek’s ability to trade was its large amount of
19. Hippocrates was a Greek actor.
20. The Persian kings used imperial bureaucracy to create their navy.
21. Write the letters associated with the answers next to the numbers
associated with the Greek Gods/Goddesses below the pairs.
1. Zeus A. God of love and beauty
2. Hades B. God of the underworld
3. Apollo C. God of music and healing
4. Helios D. God of the sea
5. Poseidon E. God of gods, chief god
6. Demeter F. God of sun or light
7. Aphrodite G. God of fertility and agriculture
22. Choose 2 gods/goddesses from question 21 and explain their impact on
daily Greek life in full sentences.
Fill in the blanks.
23. The Peloponnesian War was fought between
24. Darius I divided his empire into provinces and put a governor in place to
collect taxes and report back to him. These governors were known as
25. What is a polis?
26. Why were the Persian Wars important?
Please list at least one significant result of the Persian Wars
27. The Minoans showed signs of a very advanced civilization because they
List at least 1 advancement that the Minoans had over other
civilizations of the time period.
28. What are the similarities and differences between Minoans and
Write a paragraph (minimum 5 sentences) incorporating at least
2 aspects of each and 1 similarities.
29. On the Venn Diagram below, compare and contrast the similarities
and differences between Athens and Sparta. List at least 2 for each
Sparta and Athens, and 1 similarity.
Use the map below to answer questions 30 and 31.
30. Mark the major cities of Athens, Crete, and Sparta.
31. Color and label the portions of the Macedonia and Persian Empires that
can be seen on this map.