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Early Greece

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					Early Greece


Greek History from the Minoans to
the Trojan War
Geography
  Smaller area
  Mountains and the
  Sea
  Isolation along the
  Peninsula
  Peloponnesus
Minoan Civilization
                      Bronze Age
                      civilization
                      Discovered by
                      Arthur Evans
                      Named after King
                      Minos
Minoan remains
Knossos
  Remains revealed a rich
  and prosperous culture.
  Remains illustrated a
  trading society with few
  military fortifications.
  Made contact with
  Greek mainland and
  Egypt. Egyptian
  influence was heavy.
Height of Minoans
   About 2000-1500 BCE
   Wrote in an
   undeciphered language
   called Linear A.
   Elaborate frescoes with
   bright colors
   demonstrating a love
   nature.
   Taxes paid to the king
   in wine and oil
Fall of Minoans
 Shrouded in mystery
 Earthquake/Tsunami?
 War with Mycenae?
Mycenaean Greeks
  Name derived from
  a fortified site
  excavated by
  Heinrich
  Schliemann.
  Center of their
  civilization.
  Part of Indo-
  European Groups
Mycenae
          Fortified walls
          Treasury
          Society based on
          war
          Led by Warrior
          aristocracy
Warrior Aristocracy
                      Based on Homeric
                      writings/stories?
                      Intercine warfare
                      Greek Ideal
   Mycenaens tradition of War:




  *Very evident in their art
   *Inward then outward
*Heroic time in Ancient Greece
   The Legendary Trojan War:




*One of our most enduring myths
   *Combines brains/brawn
  *Epitomizes Ancient Greece
   How the war began?
*Cornerstone of Greek Mythology
        *Oral traditions
The Horse: The Greatest Myth
     of Ancient Greece
Trojan Horse
Image of Helen and Paris
 Contributions of Homer?
               *Illiad
             *Odyssey
*artistic representation of Achilles
Players in the Trojan War?
        •Achilles
         •Hector
     •Agamemmnon
           •Ajax
       •Menaleus
           •Zeus
          •Tithes
           •Paris
          •Helen
         •Athena
       •Aphrodite
           •Hera
The Kidnap of Helen:
Departure of Hector:
Mycenaean decline
   Unknown at the present
   Likely attributed to intercine warfare
   Also probable was invasion by “Dorian
   Greeks” that wreaked havoc on their
   citadels.
   Collapsed by 1100 BCE
Greek Dark Ages
   Farming and learning collapse
   Greeks migrating throughout region
   1100-750 B.C.E
   Writings of Homer
   Trojan War
   Historical Homer and its pitfalls.
Iliad and Odyssey
   Iliad a narrative on
   Achilles and how his
   wrath led to
   disaster.
   Odyssey: epic
   romance that
   recounts the journey
   home of Odysseus
   after the fall of Troy.
Homer as parable
   Does it deal with the heroes of the
   Mycenaean Age or the tragic conditions of the
   Dark Ages. Homer’s writing speaks of
   agricultural woes during a time ruled by
   ruthless aristocrats.
   Greeks and the “ideal”
   “my father was anxious to see me develop
   into a good man and as a means he
   compelled me to memorize Homer”.

				
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