After Japanese Occupation
Hong Kong grew into an international financial centre
population rose from 2.2million to 5 million people
the government introduced changes to education, housing
and social welfare
• Many Chinese people moved to Hong
• The population rose greatly
• not enough houses
• Chinese people could not afford the rent of
the private building
• 1951-the government let people build
squatter huts in approved areas e.g. along
• 1953 - Shek Kip Mei Fire ,65000 people made
• 1954-The government started to build
• 1961-The government started to set up the
Public Housing Scheme. The government
introduced low-cost housing estates for the
lower income people
• 1976-The government started Home Ownership
The government built apartment units and sold
them to people at a lower than market price.
‧The Home Ownership Scheme (HOS) is designed to
assist residents to buy their own home.
‧Public rental housing (PRH) is provided to families in
genuine need who cannot afford adequate private
accommodation. It is the first step up the housing ladder
towards self-owned accommodation.
Shek Kip Mei Fire
1951 -build squatter huts in
started to build
resettlement estate 1961-The government
introduced low-cost housing
estates for the lower income
and built apartment
units and sold them at
a lower than market
Social Welfare Development
After the war
lack of social welfare
Many of the Chinese people moved to Hong Kong
The government thought the political fortune was not well
only when the events were urgent, the government will provide the service of
After the middle of 1950s
started to develop the social welfare
people started to change the living environment.
After the Shek Kip Mei Fire, the government build the resettlement estate.
changed its policy in community building
set up the Social Welfare Office-provide people with social welfare.
the Social Welfare Office was renamed the Social Welfare Department
provided local people with welfare services .
In the 1970s
the social welfare had improvement
tried to provided more social welfare service.
e.g, Comprehensive Social Security Assistance (CSSA) Scheme
In the 1990s
started to cut the expenses of the social welfare
e.g. cut the expenses of Comprehensive Social
Security Assistance (CSSA) Scheme
sold the Public Rental Housing.
The government provided a better education to local
people and to modernize the education system.
‧1950s increased the primary education places to 182000
built up some technical schools
expanded the teacher-training education
‧1960s expanded the tertiary education
‧1971 The government introduced 6-year free compulsory primary
‧1978 the government introduced 9-year free compulsory education