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					Art 1 Study Guide 4 GREECE                                                                  1

Art 1 study Guide 4 Greece
        Geometric                         900 – 700 BCE
        Orientalizing                     700 – 600 BCE
        Archaic                           600 – 480 BCE
        Early Classical (Severe)          480 – 450 BCE
        Classical                         450 – 400 BCE
        Late-Classical and Hellenistic    400 – 30 BCE (Roman conquest of Greece)

Geometric Krater, Dipylon cemetery, c 749 BCE
Mantiklos Apollo, bronze, c. 700 BCE
Lady of Auxerre, limestone, c. 650 BCE
Kouros of Anavysos (Kroisos), marble c. 530 BCE
Peplos Kore, Athens, marble, c. 530 BCE,
Temple of Hera I, Paestum, Italy, c. 550 BCE
Siphnian Treasury, Delphi, Greece c. 530 BCE
          detail of frieze of Battle of Gods and Giants, Gigantomachy c. 530 BCE
The Greek Orders
Exekias, Ajax and Achilles Playing Draughts, Vulci, Italy, c. 540 BCE.
Andokides Painter, Achilles and Ajax Playing a game of Dice, Orvieto, c. 525-520
Temple of Aphaia, Aegina, Greece c. 500-490 BCE.
west pediment: archaic dying warrior, 500-490 BCE
east pediment: classical dying warrior, 490-480 BCE
Doric Temple of Zeus at Olympia. c. 470-456 BCE (Temple of Hera II, Paestum, c. 460 BCE)
Kritios Boy, Athens, marble ,c. 480 BCE
Myron, Diskobolos , Roman marble after bronze original, 450 BCE.
Polykleitos, Doryphoros, Roman marble from Pompeii after bronze original, 450 BCE.
Iktinos and Kallikrates, Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens 447-438 BCE
Erechtheion, Acropolis Athens c. 421-405 BCE
Grave Stele of Hegeso, Athens, marble c. 400 BCE
Polykleitos the Younger, Theater, Epidauros, Greece c. 350 BCE
Theodoros of Phokaia, Tholos, Delphi, c. 375 BCE [Corinthian capital]
Lysippos Weary Hercules, Roman marble, signed Glycon of Athens after bronze, c. 320 BCE
Barberini Faun Rome, marble, c. 230 BCE
Altar of Zeus, Pergamon, Turkey 157 BCE [reconstructed in Berlin]
          Athena Battling Alkyoneos, detail of Gigantomachy frieze
Dying Gaul. Roman marble copy after bronze from Pergamon, Turkey, c. 230-220 BCE
Old Market Woman, marble, c. 150-100 BCE
Battle of Issus, Pompeii, mosaic, copy of Greek, c. 320 BCE

Essential concepts: humanism, anthropomorphism, panhellenism

Study Questions:
Who were Odysseus, Perseus, Herakles, Dionysos, and Medusa. Identify briefly and give one
specific, dated example of her or her occurrence in art.
Art 1 Study Guide 4 GREECE                                                                            2
If on a Greek pot you read “Andokides made me” what exactly does it mean? Give a dated

Who was Polykleitos? When did he live? Point out the significance of his work in the context of
Greek ideas about art. Compare with the preceding period if that is helpful.

The issue of chaos and cosmos was a recurring one in Greek culture. What does it mean? Give
one specific dated example of its representation in the visual arts. Supply date.

Why were there interior columns in some Greek temples? Clarify with some specific dated

What is meant by the so-called “optical refinements” or “optical illusions” of the Parthenon?
What was their assumed effect and function?

What were the technical innovations introduced by Red-Figure vase painting? What aesthetic
effects did they have? Give one specific, dated example.

What are considered among the most important sources of influence on the creation of the Doric

Select a single piece of sculpture that you believe best reflects the stylistic principles of Classical
Greek art. Date it and describe those principles. How does the work reflect them?

Discuss the Egyptian influence on Greek Architecture and sculpture. When did it occur, what
forms did it take and how did the Greek art depart from this source of influence? Use one or
more specific, dated examples in each category.

Compare the conception of the individual human being in Greek society and in the earlier
societies of the ancient Near East. What effect did these beliefs have on the art produced by
each? Discuss with the help of specific dated examples.

Compare the Parthenon frieze with the Pergamon altar frieze. Describe the items and discuss
their differences in style, composition, content and relation to the society that produced them.
What respective message are they sending? Give date and location of each.

Compare the Geometric vase painting to Attic Black-Figure vase painting in terms of aesthetic
principles, decorative repertory and technique of painting. Describe well at least one example of
each style, with a date.

What is meant by the Orientalizing period in Greek vase painting? When did it occur, what
novelties did it introduce and how did it differ from the preceding style? Describe with some
concrete dated examples.
Art 1 Study Guide 4 GREECE                                                                       3
Describe the development of Greek freestanding sculpture from the archaic through the
Hellenistic period. Select for your discussion a few dated works, both male and female that
represent the different stages and specific concerns of the artists during those centuries.

Discuss the essence of Greek Hellenistic sculpture by describing carefully form, style and
content of three specific examples. Analyze what makes them typical for their period. Supply

Go to this website to print out a page of Greek pot profiles. You can print the images but not
save them.

Fluting                          Horror vacuii                    Attalos II
Abacus                           Dipylon area                     Kouros, Kore
Metope, triglyph                 Centaur                          Entasis
Caryatid                         Hubris                           Prostyle
Wet drapery style                Bilingual vase                   Hippodamus of Miletos
Stylobate                        Stoa                             Aegina
Krater, Kylix, Amphora           agora                            Hellenistic
Doric, Ionic, Corinthian         Anthropomorphism                 In antis
Humanism                         Peripteral                       Skopas, Lysippos,
Gigantomachy                     Praxiteles                       Polykleitos

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