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Anglo-Norman Romanesque

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									Anglo-Norman Romanesque
 Key figures in Norman Invasion of
          England, 1066:
• Edward the Confessor
• William the Conqueror
• Harold Godwinson
     Bayeux Tapestry, 1070-1080

• Embroidery, not tapestry (wool on linen)
• Measures 230’ x 20”
• Secular work commissioned by Odo,
  Bishop of Bayeux (also, Earl of Kent)
• Hung in Cathedral of Bayeux
• Crafted by women, but designed by man
        Harold Sails to Normandy




William and Harold go Hunting, and Harold
 Swears Oath to William on Reliquaries
Edward dies and His Body is Buried at
        Westminster Abbey
Harold Crowned King of England
“Isti Mirant Stella” and Harold’s Dream of
                Ghost Ships
     William prepares for Invasion




Wiliam’s Troops Set Sail from Normandy
Battle of Hastings Begins
Normans in Battle, with Chain mail
Death of Harold in Battle
Last Scene, with Harold’s Troops in Retreat
      still being attacked by Normans
Chepstow Castle (Monmouthshire, Wales)
    1067-1072 (William Fitz Osbern)
Chepstow Castle (Wales)
        1067
View of Middle Bailey and Great Tower Hall,
             Chepstow Castle
Great Tower
   Hall,
 Chepstow
  Castle
  Inside Great
   Tower Hall,
Chepstow Castle
White Tower, a.k.a. Tower of
   London (1077-1097)
Detail, White Tower,
 (Tower of London)
    1077-1097
Floorplan, White Tower (Tower of London)
Castle Rising (Norfolk, England) c. 1140
Castle Rising (Norfolk, England) c. 1140
         Anglo-Norman Romanesque:

• Found in Normandy, England (after Norman
  conquest of 1066), Sicily and southern Italy
• ribbed vaulting
• pointed arch
• great verticality in nave—articulated with
  architectural elements
• thick wall construction—dematerialization of
  wall, reduced to thick but open skeleton with
  passages cut into wall (double wall buildings).
  These types of passages appear to have
  originated in castles.
Notre-Dame, Jumièges (Normandy) 1037-66
St. Etienne, Caen,
    1067-1087

     façade
St. Etienne, Caen, 1067-1087
    Nave vault
    (sexpartite)
St. Etienne, Caen
St. Etienne,
   Caen,
1067-1087
[elevation]
Gallery, St. Etienne,
 Caen, 1067-1087
Durham Cathedral (England) begun 1093,
            vaulted 1104
Floor Plan of Durham Cathedral (England) begun
               1093, vaulted 1104
Septpartite vaulting
  Durham Cathedral
(England) begun 1093,
     vaulted 1104
Durham Cathedral (England) begun 1093, vaulted
                    1104



• Thick-wall
  construction
• Crypto-buttressing

								
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