Conjunctions _ Interjections

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					Conjunctions &
Interjections
Hey! Pay attention to conjunctions!
Interjections
• Words that express feeling or
  emotion
• Functions independently of a
  sentence
Examples
Hey, did you hear about that
  skydiver?
Ouch! That trick didn’t work out too
  well.
Interjection
• Will always be set apart from the
  sentence by either a comma or an
  exclamation point.
Interjection?
Oh my! Can you believe she’s a BMX
  rider?
Mrs. Crowley, please tell the story of
  your first time skiing.
Suddenly, I was heading down the
  black diamond!
Conjunctions

•Words that join words or groups of words
•Four different types:

       Joins
  words/phrases/      Joins ONLY
                      sentences/clauses
      clauses
   Coordinating        SUBORDINATE
                        CONJUNCTIVE
    Correlative
                          ADVERBS
Coordinating Conjunctions
       or
       nd
                •Most common
       or         conjunction
       ut
             •Each is only one
       r
                         word
               •Seven of them!
       et
       o
Examples
• What are these coordinating
  conjunctions joining?
The daring and dangerous jump
  earned a perfect ten.
The bike was light but strong.
After lunch or dinner we should go
  for a bike ride.
A mouthful of Gatorade tastes good,
  for we were very thirsty from the
  hot day.
Writing Connection
• When used with a COMMA,
  coordinating conjunctions can join
  complete sentences.
• By simply adding a coordinating
  conjunction or by adding a comma
  to a coordinating conjunction, a
  writer can eliminate run-on
  sentences.
Example
Mr. Crowley will run Mrs. Crowley
  will bike to keep up!
Correlative Conjunctions


 •More than one word
 •Must appear in this order!

     Both…and      Not only…but also

     Either…or        Whether…or

    Neither…nor
Examples
• Both mom and dad support out
  door exercise.
• However, neither the parents nor
  the police are very fond of
  skateboarding on public property.
• It is not only dangerous but also
  damaging.
• Whether using the skate park or
  your drive way, be careful when
  flinging your body at the macadam!
Writing Connection
• Use correlative conjunctions when
  building an argument or making
  comparisons.
• Use correlative conjunctions to
  create better sentence fluency.
Bella Luna is not good at
  skateboarding. Biking is also not
  her strongest activity.
                   Or
Bella Luna is skilled at neither
  skateboarding nor biking.
Subordinating Conjunctions
• Join two complete ideas by making
  one of the ideas subordinate to
  (dependent on) the other.
• Do not join single words, but
  instead join groups of words.
• Always begins a subordinating
  clause.
Example
When I went to the summer games, I
  watched the extreme sports.
Subordinating Conjunctions
• To remember their job, think about
  the Latin prefix sub-
  –   Submarine
  –   Subterranean
  –   Subpar
  –   Substitute
  –   Subterfuge
• All imply “under”
Writing Connection
• Use subordinating conjunctions to
  join sentences and add sentence
  variety.
• Using subordinating conjunctions
  creates longer sentences and a less
  choppy sentence pattern.
We had a winning record that year.
  He was our captain.
                  OR
While he was our captain, we had a
  winning record!
  Common Subordinating Conjunctions
     Create ten sentences using
    subordinating conjunctions.
 After     Although      As        As if

As soon as As though   Because    Before

 Even
              If        Since     So that
though

  Until   whenever     while     Wherever

  Then     Though      Unless     when
Conjunctive Adverbs
• “Transition words”
• Act as a bridge between complete ideas
• MUST be set off by punctuation
  Sara wanted to build a half pipe;
  however, she did not have the proper
  tools.
• When a conjunctive adverb moves to the
  beginning of the sentences, it becomes
  only an adverb.
  Furthermore, the price of materials
  exceeded her allowance money.
  Conjunctive Adverbs

Accordingly      Finally     Nevertheless


   Again       furthermore    Otherwise


    Also        However         Then


  Besides        Indeed       Therefore


Consequently    Moreover        thus
Writing Connection
• Using conjunctive adverbs will
  improve your sentence fluency by
  linking ideas, paragraphs and
  sentences.
• Use them to join sentences that are
  linked directly.
• Use them at the beginning of
  sentences (as adverbs) to introduce
  a new sentence and refer to the
  previous sentence’s idea(s).

				
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posted:2/26/2012
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