Hey! Pay attention to conjunctions!
• Words that express feeling or
• Functions independently of a
Hey, did you hear about that
Ouch! That trick didn’t work out too
• Will always be set apart from the
sentence by either a comma or an
Oh my! Can you believe she’s a BMX
Mrs. Crowley, please tell the story of
your first time skiing.
Suddenly, I was heading down the
•Words that join words or groups of words
•Four different types:
words/phrases/ Joins ONLY
•Each is only one
•Seven of them!
• What are these coordinating
The daring and dangerous jump
earned a perfect ten.
The bike was light but strong.
After lunch or dinner we should go
for a bike ride.
A mouthful of Gatorade tastes good,
for we were very thirsty from the
• When used with a COMMA,
coordinating conjunctions can join
• By simply adding a coordinating
conjunction or by adding a comma
to a coordinating conjunction, a
writer can eliminate run-on
Mr. Crowley will run Mrs. Crowley
will bike to keep up!
•More than one word
•Must appear in this order!
Both…and Not only…but also
• Both mom and dad support out
• However, neither the parents nor
the police are very fond of
skateboarding on public property.
• It is not only dangerous but also
• Whether using the skate park or
your drive way, be careful when
flinging your body at the macadam!
• Use correlative conjunctions when
building an argument or making
• Use correlative conjunctions to
create better sentence fluency.
Bella Luna is not good at
skateboarding. Biking is also not
her strongest activity.
Bella Luna is skilled at neither
skateboarding nor biking.
• Join two complete ideas by making
one of the ideas subordinate to
(dependent on) the other.
• Do not join single words, but
instead join groups of words.
• Always begins a subordinating
When I went to the summer games, I
watched the extreme sports.
• To remember their job, think about
the Latin prefix sub-
• All imply “under”
• Use subordinating conjunctions to
join sentences and add sentence
• Using subordinating conjunctions
creates longer sentences and a less
choppy sentence pattern.
We had a winning record that year.
He was our captain.
While he was our captain, we had a
Common Subordinating Conjunctions
Create ten sentences using
After Although As As if
As soon as As though Because Before
If Since So that
Until whenever while Wherever
Then Though Unless when
• “Transition words”
• Act as a bridge between complete ideas
• MUST be set off by punctuation
Sara wanted to build a half pipe;
however, she did not have the proper
• When a conjunctive adverb moves to the
beginning of the sentences, it becomes
only an adverb.
Furthermore, the price of materials
exceeded her allowance money.
Accordingly Finally Nevertheless
Again furthermore Otherwise
Also However Then
Besides Indeed Therefore
Consequently Moreover thus
• Using conjunctive adverbs will
improve your sentence fluency by
linking ideas, paragraphs and
• Use them to join sentences that are
• Use them at the beginning of
sentences (as adverbs) to introduce
a new sentence and refer to the
previous sentence’s idea(s).