Conjunctions & Interjections Hey! Pay attention to conjunctions! Interjections • Words that express feeling or emotion • Functions independently of a sentence Examples Hey, did you hear about that skydiver? Ouch! That trick didn’t work out too well. Interjection • Will always be set apart from the sentence by either a comma or an exclamation point. Interjection? Oh my! Can you believe she’s a BMX rider? Mrs. Crowley, please tell the story of your first time skiing. Suddenly, I was heading down the black diamond! Conjunctions •Words that join words or groups of words •Four different types: Joins words/phrases/ Joins ONLY sentences/clauses clauses Coordinating SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTIVE Correlative ADVERBS Coordinating Conjunctions or nd •Most common or conjunction ut •Each is only one r word •Seven of them! et o Examples • What are these coordinating conjunctions joining? The daring and dangerous jump earned a perfect ten. The bike was light but strong. After lunch or dinner we should go for a bike ride. A mouthful of Gatorade tastes good, for we were very thirsty from the hot day. Writing Connection • When used with a COMMA, coordinating conjunctions can join complete sentences. • By simply adding a coordinating conjunction or by adding a comma to a coordinating conjunction, a writer can eliminate run-on sentences. Example Mr. Crowley will run Mrs. Crowley will bike to keep up! Correlative Conjunctions •More than one word •Must appear in this order! Both…and Not only…but also Either…or Whether…or Neither…nor Examples • Both mom and dad support out door exercise. • However, neither the parents nor the police are very fond of skateboarding on public property. • It is not only dangerous but also damaging. • Whether using the skate park or your drive way, be careful when flinging your body at the macadam! Writing Connection • Use correlative conjunctions when building an argument or making comparisons. • Use correlative conjunctions to create better sentence fluency. Bella Luna is not good at skateboarding. Biking is also not her strongest activity. Or Bella Luna is skilled at neither skateboarding nor biking. Subordinating Conjunctions • Join two complete ideas by making one of the ideas subordinate to (dependent on) the other. • Do not join single words, but instead join groups of words. • Always begins a subordinating clause. Example When I went to the summer games, I watched the extreme sports. Subordinating Conjunctions • To remember their job, think about the Latin prefix sub- – Submarine – Subterranean – Subpar – Substitute – Subterfuge • All imply “under” Writing Connection • Use subordinating conjunctions to join sentences and add sentence variety. • Using subordinating conjunctions creates longer sentences and a less choppy sentence pattern. We had a winning record that year. He was our captain. OR While he was our captain, we had a winning record! Common Subordinating Conjunctions Create ten sentences using subordinating conjunctions. After Although As As if As soon as As though Because Before Even If Since So that though Until whenever while Wherever Then Though Unless when Conjunctive Adverbs • “Transition words” • Act as a bridge between complete ideas • MUST be set off by punctuation Sara wanted to build a half pipe; however, she did not have the proper tools. • When a conjunctive adverb moves to the beginning of the sentences, it becomes only an adverb. Furthermore, the price of materials exceeded her allowance money. Conjunctive Adverbs Accordingly Finally Nevertheless Again furthermore Otherwise Also However Then Besides Indeed Therefore Consequently Moreover thus Writing Connection • Using conjunctive adverbs will improve your sentence fluency by linking ideas, paragraphs and sentences. • Use them to join sentences that are linked directly. • Use them at the beginning of sentences (as adverbs) to introduce a new sentence and refer to the previous sentence’s idea(s).
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