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					                       Comparison of Current Law and New Law: Access to Juvenile Records


There was a great deal of legislation passed this session affecting juveniles adjudicated delinquent. You should be aware that two of the bills provide
greater access to juvenile records: (1) Session Law 2009-545/Senate Bill 984, Access to Juvenile Records/Violent Offenders, and (2) Session Law 2009-
372/Senate Bill 920, Probation Reform.

                     Who may access           What offenders and        What records can be       For what can the records        What is the effective
                     juvenile records?       offenses are affected?         accessed?                    be used?                        date?




                   7B-3000(b):                                                                   7B-3000(b): no specified
                   prosecutor; may also                                7B-3000(b):               reasons
                   share with law          7B-3000(b): all offenders   juvenile's record         7B-3000(e):
                   enforcement             7B-3000(e): felony          7B-3000(e):               pretrial release and plea
                   7B-3000(e):             adjudications; adult        record of felony          negotiation decisions
                   law enforcement,        offenders                   adjudications             7B-3000(f): 404(b)
                   magistrate, prosecutor  7B-3000(f): adjudication of 7B-3000(f):               evidence, aggravating factor
                   7B-3000(f):             a Class A - E felony; adult record of adjudication    for sentencing and seeking
  Current Law      prosecutor              offenders                   of a Class A - E felony   the death penalty            N/A
                                           7B-3000(b): all offenders
                                           7B-3000(e): felony and
                   7B-3000(b):             A1 misdemeanor
                   prosecutor; may also    adjudications; adult                                  7B-3000(b): no specified
                   share with law          offenders ages 21 and       7B-3000(b): juvenile's    reasons
  Session Law      enforcement and         under where the             record                    7B-3000(e):
2009-545/Senate    magistrates             adjudication occurs 18      7B-3000(e): record of     pretrial release, plea
Bill 984, Access   7B-3000(e): law         months or less before       felony and A1             negotiation decisions, and     Effective December 01,
   to Juvenile     enforcement;            defendant turns 16 or       misdemeanor               plea acceptance decisions      2009; applies to offenses
Records/Violent    magistrate, prosecutor, after defendant turns 16 adjudications                7B-3000(f): 404(b)             committed and
    Offenders      and the courts          7B-3000(f): adjudication of 7B-3000(f):               evidence, aggravating factor   adjudications of
                   7B-3000(f):             a Class A - E felony; adult record of adjudication    for sentencing and seeking     delinquency on or after that
                   prosecutor              offenders                   of a Class A - E felony   the death penalty              date.
                   7B-3000(b):
                   prosecutor; may also
                   share with law
                   enforcement                                                                                                Effective December 01,
                   7B-3000(e): law                                                                                            2009; applies to the
                   enforcement;                                                                  7B-3000(b): no specified     juvenile records of
                   magistrate, and                                     7B-3000(b):               reasons                      delinquency adjudications
                   prosecutor,                                         juvenile's record         7B-3000(e): pretrial release for offenders placed on
                   7B-3000(e1):            7B-3000(b): all offenders   7B-3000(e):               and plea negotiation         probation for offenses
                   probation officer in    7B-3000(e): felony          record of felony          decisions                    committed on or after that
                   the Division of         adjudications               adjudications             7B-3000(e1): risk            date; however, the juvenile
                   Community               7B-3000(e1): felony         7B-3000(e1):              assessment purposes          records of delinquency
  Session Law      Corrections of the      adjudications; adult        record of felony          related to supervision       adjudications authorizes
2009-372/Senate    Department of           offenders up to age 25      adjudications             7B-3000(f): 404(b) evidence, probation officers to
    Bill 920,      Corrections assigned 7B-3000(f): adjudication of 7B-3000(f):                  aggravating factor for       examine delinquency
   Probation       to supervise person a Class A - E felony; adult record of adjudication        sentencing and seeking the adjudications occurring
    Reform         7B-3000(f): prosecutor offenders                    of a Class A - E felony   death penalty                prior to that date.



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                                                                       2/25/2012

				
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