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									Indicator Quality Standards


“There are three kinds of lies:
lies, damned lies, and statistics.”
--Mark Twain
Data Quality Assessments:

Not only assess data quality, but also the quality of the
indicators for which the data are collected.

The two dimensions of indicator quality are:
   The characteristic of the indicator
   Quality of the data reported for a given indicator
Performance Indicator Quality

Why assess indicators?
Indicators determine what data are collected. If
the indicator is flawed, the data are also flawed,
even if the collected data are of high quality.

Remember: Garbage in
    garbage out!
Criteria for Selecting Quality Indicators

   Direct:   Does it closely measure the result it is intended to measure?

   Objective: Is it unambiguous about what is being measured?
   Useful: Is it valuable for decision-making?
   Practical: Are the costs reasonable?
   Attributable:     Are the activities and their outputs clearly linked?

   Timely: Are the data current?
   Adequate:      Are indicators the minimum necessary to show the truth?
  Direct:


  Direct (valid): An indicator is direct “if it closely
  tracks the result is was intended to measure” High
  ‘face validity,’ intuitive


    SO 13:               IR 13.4:            Indicator 13.4.4:
                        Increased              Percentage of
Increased used          Access to
   of Social                                 facilities offering
                        Services,
Sector Services       Commodities,                 routine
                      and Materials          immunization in
                                               target LGAs
What if indicators are not direct?
                                   Number of
                                  women who
                                know three types
                                of contraceptive
                                    methods
   SO 13:          IR 13.4:
                  Increased
 Increased        Access to
  used of         Services,
Social Sector   Commodities,      Percentage of
  Services      and Materials   facilities offering
                                  three or more
                                 family planning
                                methods in target
                                       LGAs
Objective

“An indicator should be unambiguous about 1) what is being
measured; and 2) what data are being collected. Objective
indicators are uni-dimensional and operationally precise.”
                                        (ADS 203.3.6.5)


Useful
To be considered useful, an indicator must provide valuable
information for management at some level. How the data will
be used should be clear.
 Practical
“An indicator is practical if data can be obtained
in a timely way and at a reasonable cost” (ADS 203.3.6.5)



 Attributable
 An indicator is attributable if there is
 a clear causal link between IP activities
 and their outputs AND the desired result.
Timely*

An indicator is timely if the data it produces are
current and available on a regular basis, or when
needed.

Adequate*
Taken as a group for the result, the indicators are the
minimum necessary to demonstrate the truth about
results achieved.
                                       *(ADS 203.3.6.5)
Thank you and please ask
questions!




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