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32N1763-WG1_Tutorial-eBusiness

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					                                          JTC1 SC32N1763




    SC32/WG 1 e-Business Standards



Prepared for:               Paul Levine, Convenor
26 May 2008 WG 1 Tutorial   Telcordia Technologies, Inc.
                            plevine@patmedia.net
                            26 May 2008
ISO e-Business Standards
  ISO/IEC 14662 Information technology – Open-edi reference
   model
  ISO/IEC 15944 Information technology - Business Operational
   View:
    Part 1: Operational aspects of Open-edi for implementation
    Part 2: Registration of scenarios and their components as business
     objects
    Part 3: Open-edi description techniques (OeDT)
    Part 4: Business transaction scenarios - Accounting and economic
     ontology
    Part 5: Identification and referencing of requirements of jurisdictional
     domains as sources external constraints
    Part 6: Technical Introduction of eBusiness modelling

    Part 7: eBusiness vocabulary

    Part 8: Identification of privacy requirements as external constraints on
     business transactions
Open-edi environment
ISO/IEC 14662 - Open-edi
Reference Model
 Targeted for FDIS ballot of third edition
 Single English/French document
 Based on second edition (English) + French text of the first
  edition, amended according to the second English edition
 No technical changes
 Update references and dates for standards referenced in Clause
  3 Terms and Definitions
 Update format in accordance with JTC1
 It is noted that the 2nd edition (2004) is up for review no later
  than 2009 anyway
ISO/IEC 15944 Part 1 - Operational
aspects of Open-edi for implementation

 Targeted to FDIS ballot of second edition
    Incorporate Technical Corrigenda (3-level ToC)
    Editorial corrections of the first edition
    Specifying “person” as “Person” where appropriate
    Updating for consistency with all parts of 15944 and the
     proposed third edition of 14662
    Update references and dates for standards referenced in
     Clause 3 Terms and Definitions
    Update format in accordance with JTC 1 Directives
 It is noted that the revisions to this proposed second
  edition are all editorial and that this standard is due
  for review anyway.
ISO/IEC 15944 Part 3 - Open-edi
Description Techniques
 Incorporates UN/CEFACE Modeling Methodology (for
  business process specification) by reference
    UMM Meta Model - Base Module
    UMM Meta Model - Foundation Module
 Integrates ITU-T External Terminology Schema data
  design methodology into the UMM Business
  Information View
 Category C liaison for this collaboration has been
  established under the auspices of the MoU between
  IEC, ISO, ITU and UN/ECE Concerning
  Standardization in the Field of Electronic Business
ISO/IEC 15944 Part 3 (major outline)

 5 OeDT components (based on MoU between IEC, ISO, ITU and
  UN/ECE on electronic business)
    5.1 UN/CEFACT Modeling Methodology (UMM) overview
        5.1.1 Business domain view
        5.1.2 Business requirements view
        5.1.3 Business transaction view
    5.2 External terminology schema (ETS) methodology (from ITU-T SG
     4) overview
 6 ETS methodology
    6.1 Requirements on ETS notations
    6.2 ETS format
 7 Data interchange based on ETS methodology
    7.1 ETS message construct
    7.2 Generic order ETS
    7.3 Derivation of an XML document template from an ETS
UMM Foundation Module Structure

 5 Foundation
   5.1 Business Domain View
   5.2 Business Requirements View
      5.2.1 Business Process View
      5.2.2 Business Entity View
      5.2.3 Partnership Requirements View
   5.3 Business Transaction View
      5.3.1 Business Choreography View
      5.3.2 Business Interaction View
      5.3.3 Business Information View
UMM Business Interaction View
ETS data design methodology
 Extracted from ITU-T Recommendations
    Rec. Z.601 Data architecture of one software system
    M.1400 series recommendations
 ETS provides the data definition for the UMM
  Business Information View
    Open-edi scenario (business process) is decomposed to the
     individual steps that take the scenario through the state
     transitions of the affected business entities
    Individual steps follow the atomic UMM business transaction
     patterns (referred to as SOA interactions)
       Requestor provides the data expected by the Provider
       Provider performs the expected service and responds with status of
        the result, including response data
    Data to be interchanged in the Open-edi scenario is
     specified by an ETS
ETS graph for Service Management

                                                                 Address
                  Employee                                Type
                                               Structur
                                               e
                                                                           Type
                 Corporation
                                               Customer   Role   Account


                 Country



Market            Operator                     Contract                    Member
                                                                           ship
                                                          Role



                 Catalogue
                               S
         Association



Price            Product           Installat                     Deal
                                   ion

                                                          Use
ETS from ITU-T Rec. M.1403
Generic Order
 ISO/IEC 15944-4 (the Open-edi Accounting
 & Economic Ontology)



 ontology = categories of interest in a domain and the
  relationships among them
 ISO 15944-4 is a collaboration space ontology with:
    Exchanges (shown in green)
    Policies (shown in yellow)
    Plans (shown in purple)
 For interoperability standards alignment, 15944-4 is being used
  in UN/CEFACT as a specialization module for the UMM
 UML class diagrams specify the declarative components;
  procedural aspects illustrate operation of a collaboration space
  state machine.
     Economic
                                                                                     business policy
     Resource
       Type                               business policy




                     economic                                                                  economic specification
                     specification
 typification                                                                                   participate                Economic Role
                                                       Economic
                                                      Commitment
                                reciprocal
                                                                                    economic                            business
                                                                                    specification
                                                                                                         Economic       policy
                                                                                                        Event Type
                                                                                                                              typification
                                                                      fulfillment
                                                                                         typification


          Economic        resource-flow                 Economic                     from
          Resource                                        Event                                               Person
                                                                                        to
                                                            duality




1. Green – Exchanges “What value exchanges have occurred”
2. Yellow – Policies “What policies or business rules govern exchanges”
3. Purple – Plans “What exchanges are planned or scheduled”
4. Black – Other classes not shown (economic contract, business events,
   claims, process phases, etc)
ISO 15944-1 Extended Collaboration Model
           Planning


         Identification

                                  “NEW”
          Negotiation           business-
                                 process-
                             oriented model

         Actualization           “OLD”
                             accounting-
       Post-Actualization   oriented model
BT Phase         Example Business Event

Planning         Seller publishes Catalog
                 Buyer sends CatalogRequest to Seller
                 Seller sends Catalog to Prospective Buyer
Identification   Buyer sends AvailabilityandPriceRequest to Seller
                 Seller returns AvailabilityandPriceResult to Buyer
Negotiation      Buyer sends Offer to Seller

                 Seller sends CounterOffer to Buyer
                 Buyer accepts details of CounterOffer on Shipment and proposes PaymentSchedule
                 Seller accepts PaymentSchedule, completing Contract specification (alternatively, another
                 CounterOffer would loop or a NonAcceptance would suspend or abandon the Business Transaction)


Actualization    Seller sends an AdvanceShippingNotice when goods are prepared for shipping
                 Buyer sends ReceivingReport to Seller when inspected goods are accepted

                 Seller sends an Invoice to Buyer after parts are shipped
                 Buyer sends RemittanceAdvice to Seller with information about payment of the Invoice

Post-            Buyer sends WarrantyInvocation to Seller
Actualization




    An Example Open-edi Collaboration with Business Events Grouped in
                                Phases
                   Collaboration Perspective: Trading Partner vs. Independent

            Enterprise #1                                               Independent view of
                                                                        Inter-enterprise events
                                                                        (ISO 15944-4)
               Business
               Process

                                                      Enterprise #2
               Business
               Process                                   Business
                                                         Process


               Business
                                                                       Enterprise #3
               Process                                   Business
                                                         Process

                                                                         Business
                                                                         Process
                                                         Business
 Trading Partner view of                                 Process
 Inter-enterprise events
                                                                         Business
 (upstream vendors and
                                                                         Process
 downstream customers)


                                                                         Business
Dotted arrows represent flow of goods, services, and cash between        Process
different companies; solid arrows represent flows within companies


 Japan expert contribution to 15944-4, 22 Oct 2001, Victoria BC ,
ISO/IEC 15944 Part 5 – identification and
referencing of requirements of jurisdictional domain
as sources of external constraints
 Objectives of Part 5
    Introduction of external constraints in business transaction
     modeling
    Address specific aspects of business agreement semantic
     descriptive techniques in order to be able to support legal
     requirements in modeling business transactions
    Present a methodology and tools for specifying common
     classes of external constraints through the construct of
     “jurisdictional domain” (with various levels and categories of
     jurisdictional domains)
    Demonstrate that external constraints of a jurisdictional
     domain lend themselves to being modeled through scenarios
     and scenario components (already demonstrated in Annex I,
     Part 1)
 ISO/IEC 15944 Part 5 – identification and referencing
 of requirements of jurisdictional domain as sources of
 external constraints
 Major Topics of Part 5
    Key common requirements of jurisdictional domains include:
        that of official language(s) or if not applicable, its de facto language
        that of the need to be able to differentiate when a Person in a
         business transaction in the role of “buyer” is an individual
        that where an individual if a party to a business transaction
         common public policy requirements apply as external constraints
         including consumer protection, privacy protection, individual
         accessibility, and other rights that a “human being” has.
    Focus on ensuring unambiguity in the semantic components and
     information bundles comprising a business transaction as these are
     used in the making of binding “commitments”
    Extensive work on “official, de facto and “legally recognized
     languages (LRL)”, importance of gender in language to support
     semantic unambiguity, use of human interface equivalents(HIEs)
    Extensive set of detailed normative and informative Annexes
 ISO/IEC 15944 Part 5 – identification and referencing
 of requirements of jurisdictional domain as sources of
 external constraints
 Example of business transaction modelling with internal
   constraints only [see Figure 4] and then with external constraints
   [see Figure 6] in a “collaboration space”
  . [Part 5,Figure 4 - Accounting and economic ontology (internal constraints only):
        Buyer, seller and common collaboration space with a third party (Graphic
                                     illustration)]


                                Collaboration Space


                                     Value
                                    Exchang
                 Buye                                 Seller
                                       e
                 r
                                      Third
                                      Party
 ISO/IEC 15944 Part 5 – identification and referencing
 of requirements of jurisdictional domain as sources of
 external constraints
 Example of business transaction modelling with internal
  constraints only [see Figure 4] and then with external constraints
  [see Figure 6] in a “collaboration space”
Part 5, Figure 6 — Accounting and economic ontology with external constraints: Common Collaboration Space —
                       Buyer, Seller and Regulator utilizing a Third Party (Graphic Illustration)


                                    Collaboration Space

                                         Regulator

                                            Party
                                            Third


              Buyer                    Value                         Seller
                                       Exchange
ISO/IEC TR 15944 Part 6 - Technical
Introduction of eBusiness modelling
 Objectives of this TR
    Introduction to common understandings of Business
     Modeling for the inter-enterprise Business Collaborations
    Modeling Guideline particularly focused on the inter-
     enterprise business process in a collaboration space where
     buyer, seller and various third party are involved
 Major topics
    Concepts and Principles of e-Business Modeling
    Classification Scheme to identify the class and type of
     Business Transactions
    Key Attributes for Classification of Business Transactions
TR 15944-6 View Point of Inter-enterprise Business
  Collaboration
 Enterprise        Scope of e-Business
                                             Diversity of e-Business Model
                (Inter-enterprise Process)
                                             - Various Pricing Models
   Business                                  - Various 3d Party Roles
   Process
                        Enterprise
   Business
                          Business                    Enterprise
   Process
                          Process
                                                       Business
   Business                                            Process
   Process                Business
                          Process
                                                        Business
                                                        Process
                         Business
                         Process
                                                        Business
                                                        Process
 Scope of ERP
                                                                             23
ISO/IEC 15944 Part 7 - eBusiness Vocabulary

 Objectives
    Single consolidated vocabulary of eBusiness concepts (their definitions and
     terms) as found in the ISO/IEC 14662 Open-edi Reference Model and the
     existing Parts of the multipart ISO/IEC 15944 eBusiness standard (including
     definitions and their terms used taken from other int’l ISO standards)
    Provide rules, guidelines and procedures governing the formation of
     definitions for concepts relevant to eBusiness and choice of associated
     terms as a single harmonized and integrated controlled vocabulary. This
     includes rules governing multilingual expandability that integrate and
     support cultural adaptability requirements via human interface equivalents
     (HIEs)
    Identify the essential data elements for each entry, their rules and
     specifications as well as rules for ensuring quality and integrity control
     requirements for each entry and their interworking doing so in an IT-enabled
     manner.
    1st edition already contains Chinese, English, French & Russian equivalents
     for eBusiness concepts and their definitions as well as (grammatical) gender
     codes for terms where applicable in a language
ISO/IEC 15944-8 Identification of privacy
requirement as external constraints on business
transactions
 CD completed. Ballot comments to be resolved at WG1 Sydney
  BRM.
 Objectives
    Provide method(s), rules required to support the additional BOV
     specifications applicable to the recorded information in a business
     transaction where such is of the nature of “personal information”, i.e.
     pertaining to an identifiable “individual”
    Provide fundamental principles governing privacy protection requirements in
     business transactions (external constraints perspective only)
    Integrate normative and informative elements in support of privacy and data
     protection requirements (as already found in ISO/IEC 14662 and existing
     Parts of ISO/IEC 15944 into a single document (These constitute 90%+ of
     the CD document)
    Focus on identifiable living individuals as buyers in a business transaction
    Link to information management life cycle (ILCM) requirements but focus on
     “collaboration space” aspects and not internal behaviors of an organization
     or public administration (that are excluded as are Functional Service View
     (FSV) aspects including security services)

				
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