ANDY WARHOL by 4i7uv0


									          “I am a

            Sound track:

        Key biographical details
• 1928 born Andrew Warhola in Pittsburgh
•         Father was a miner
• 1940s – studied commercial art at Carnegie
  Institute of Technology
• 1949 - Moved to New York
• 1950s – Commercial artist (advertising)
• 1960s – 1st exhibitions, fame, established the
  factory, made experimental films (many very long,
  improvised dialogue, no plot)
• Published books e.g. The Philosophy
  of Andy Warhol and America
• Published the magazine Interview
• Managed a band – The Velvet

• 1968 –was shot in the factory by
   Valerie Solanas, a radical feminist who
   founded S.C.U.M
  1970s – did celebrity portraits
• 1987 – died in his sleep after an

          Warhol & the Factory
• Warhol was the“boss”
• Assistants (like Robert
  Malanga in pic right)
  collaborated in the making
  of works
• Mass production of art –
  influenced by Duchamp’s
  “ready made”
• He became the highest paid
  commercial artist, earning   How would the use of a
  more than $3 million per     factory / assistants challenge
  painting                     notions of high art?
• Eccentric group of
  “superstars” who would
  feature in his art films
           An insight into Warhol’s
         personality and relationships
              as presented in the film ‘Factory Girl’
• Edie Sedgwick, a model became
  one of the “Warhol superstars”, and
  appeared in a number of his films.

• Scene 5: Warhol in The Factory
• Scene 6: Warhol & Edie in France
• Scene 12: Edie meets Warhol’s
• Scene 15: Edie confronts Warhol
• Scene 17: last few minutes show
  Warhol’s final words about her.
 Warhol’s interests / subjects
• Consumerism & mass
• Celebrity, glamour
• Warhol had an ambivalent attitude
  –his works seem to both celebrate
  and denounce the culture of
  consumerism, celebrity
• Death & disaster – “Everything I
  do it connected with death”. Following his
  shooting he had a heightened sense of
• Commodification of art &
• Nature of art, ie What is art?
  Said by Warhol:
• "I love Los Angeles. I love
  Hollywood. They're so
  beautiful. Everything's plastic,
  but I love plastic. I want to be
• “If one thing is good, isn’t one   What do these quotes
                                     show you about the
  hundred of them even better?”      public face that
• “The reason I’m painting this      Warhol wanted to
  way is that I want to be a
                 Marilyn Diptych 1962
           Acrylic & Silkscreen on canvas, 208 x 145 cm

Photo from Niagara

“The reason I’m painting this way is that I want to be a machine.”
               Elvis I and II

• How is this work similar to the previous work?
Campbell’s Soup Can 1 1968
       91 x 61 cm
            • “I started painting
              Campbell’s soup because I
              used to drink it. I used to
              have the same lunch
              everyday, for twenty years,
              the same thing over and
              over again.”
            • “It’s just too hard to think.”

            • How is this image
              different from a real
              soup tin?
     Warhol on Mass Production
• “If one thing is good, isn’t one
  hundred of them even better?”
• Shows no personality, no
  aesthetic judgement. This is an
  commonplace arrangement, not
  a composition.
• Mimics products on a
  supermarket shelf –sense of
• Is “boring” – boredom seen as
  a social symptom

• How did Warhol’s technique
  reflect his interest in this?
Green Coca Cola
 Bottles 1962
• How does this subject
  fulfil Warhol’s aims?

• What is machine like
  about the work?

• This work is 2m x 1.4m –
  how does this challenge
  the notion of high art?
             Warhol on Coca Cola
• “What's great about this country is that
  America started the tradition where the
  richest consumers buy essentially the
  same things as the poorest.

• You can be watching TV and see Coca Cola,
  and you know that the President drinks Coca
  Cola, Liz Taylor drinks Coca Cola, and just
  think, you can drink Coca Cola, too.

• A coke is a coke and no amount of money
  can get you a better coke than the one the
  bum on the corner is drinking. All the cokes
  are the same and all the cokes are good. Liz
  Taylor knows it, the President knows it, the
  bum knows it, and you know it.”
Brillo Box 1964
• Wooden boxes
• Silk screen printing
• Avoids “attractive, slick”
• Celebration of the banal,

• What’s inside them? – what
  does that suggest about the

• Which of Warhol’s aims are
  fulfilled by this work?

• How can we tell it is a work of
  art and not a carton?
  Two Dollar Bills (front and rear)
• What is the subject of this art work?
• What kind of IDEAS do you think Warhol
  is trying to communicate?
• In what way does the STYLE of the work
  conform to Pop Art aims?
 Two Dollar Bill (Front and Back),
• Shows the idea of art as commodity.
• engaged in the ongoing debate in New York
  between high and low art
• This elevated the most base subject matter into the
  realms of high art.
  Warhol wanted to manipulate the dollar bill and reproduce it in
  various and multiple ways in a grid format; he realized that his
  method of cutting a stencil or carving an eraser (as was done for
  his postage and trading stamps) was too difficult and tedious.

• Because reproducing a photograph of a dollar bill
  would constitute forgery, Warhol made a screen from a
  drawing of a bill.

• Info from Christie’s catalogue on Two Dollar Bills (sold for
Red Race Riot / Saturday Disaster
            Media & reality
• Warhol was interested in representation:
  how the media (film, TV, newspapers)
  are considered to be “true to life” when in
  fact they are intermediaries between the
  viewer and reality.

• Photos tend to order and control our
  perception of reality
     White Car
     Crash 19
• Warhol said once,
  “Everything I do is
  connected to

• Does the
  multiplication of
  images makes the
  images more
  terrifying or do they
  lose their terror ?
129 DIE (1962)
       • Source - What kinds
         of newspapers use
         this style font and front

       • How does this work fit
         Warhol’s aims?

       • What message does it
         give us about reality
         and the media?
            129 DIE (1962)
• From a tabloid newspaper
• Shows how the media has triumphed over
  empirical reality as the “authentic truth”
• The reality of a violent plane crash has been
  reduced to an aesthetic arrangement of capital
  letters and a photographic image.
• Heightens our awareness that true reality is
  secondary to painting.
• Warhol reminds us that so much of our
  experience/perception of reality is “second
Do-it-yourself Flowers 1962
               • In what ways is
                 this work typical
                 of Warhol’s aims
                 and ideas?
Summary – create a mind map for
      Andy Warhol’s art
• 1. Identify 4 main types of sources for
  Warhol’s imagery. (ie where did the images
  come from?)
• 2. Describe 4 typical stylistic features of
  Warhol’s work (consider colour, composition,
  treatment of form, use of text, etc)
• 3. Name 4 Iconographic motifs used in his
• 4. Explain 4 main Pop art aims or ideas in
  Warhol’s work
Compare Warhol’s work
• Jacqueline Kennedy (Jackie III)     Style comparison
  [II.15], 1966
  Screenprint on Paper, 40" x 30"
   To Lichtenstein’s Drowning Girl,
  1963 Oil and synthetic polymer
  paint on canvas, 67” x 66"
        3.1 STYLE QUESTION
• (i) Identify three key stylistic differences
  between these two paintings

• (ii) Explain the reasons for the differences
  between the two paintings by relating them
  to each the aims, interests and methods of
  each artist and those of Pop artists in
         Set up your answer like this
•   Brief intro – name 2 works and 3 main areas of difference
•   Para 1 – The first main difference is…(*For A)
•   Para 2 – The second difference is…(*For A)
•   Para 3 – Thirdly, the works contrast because… (*For A)

• Para 4 – The reasons for the difference can be linked to
  Warhol and Lichtenstein’s differing interests. Lichtenstein
  aimed to…. (Relate to artist’s aims for M)
• Para 5 – Warhol, on the other hand, was interested
  in…(Relate to artist’s aims for M)

•    Para 6 – Both artists were strongly influenced by America in
    the 1960s. (Comprehensively relate ideas to context for

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