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					ANCIENT GREECE
              ANCIENT GREECE
• Movement from tribes/clans to city-states
• “polis”= fundamental political unit in Greek society;
made up of a city and its surrounding countryside;
acropolis= center of government and often center of the
city
• Greek city-states and the rise of Western government:
1.    monarchy
2.    aristocracy
3.     oligarchy
4.     direct democracy
              ANCIENT GREECE
• Tyrants-not always bad?
• Athens and Democracy:
• Draco’s law= equality under the law; what’s the bad
news? (draconian)
• Solon’s reforms (4 class division-what are the good and
bad parts?)
• Cleisthenes and the Council of 500
• Who could be a citizen?
              ANCIENT GREECE
 Life in Athens:
• Boys given an education, as they were expected to hold
office as a citizen one day
• Girls received no formal education, just household
training from mother
• Private tutors or schools
• Wealthy girls would marry their father’s choice at 15
• Peasant girls would choose a husband from the field
• Boys would train for future jobs after school
• They entered the military after graduation and then went
onto careers such as businessmen or Olympic athletes
              ANCIENT GREECE
 Sparta:
• a military state
• 725 BC= conquer Messenians
• Helots
• Helot revolt leads to change in Spartan society
• Sparta becomes a military force
• Assembly elects officials, Council of Elders (30 men)
proposed laws for the assembly, 2 kings lead military
• citizens, non-citizens, helots = class division
    ANCIENT GREECE
 Sparta:
• Spartan society is vastly different
from Athens
• Spartan childbirth
• Age 7- boys taken from mothers to
begin military training
• Hazing and discipline Ex: stealing
food
• Age 12- thrown out of barracks; those
who survive return a year later to
participate in war games
• Age 20- test for citizenship
• Age 30- allowed to marry and live
with family
• Age 60- retired from military service
    ANCIENT GREECE
 Sparta:
• Lives of women
• “Come back with your shield or on it”-
Spartan wedding relationships
• female independence

				
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