Study Guide: Ancient Greece
CULTURE & ECONOMICS
1. Know important facts about each of these famous Greeks (what
were they known for):
Pericles Herodotus Aristotle
Homer Anaxagoras Aeschylus
Sappho Socrates Aristophanes
2. Be able to list 10 Greek gods and goddesses and tell the role of each.
3. Know the following facts about Delphi:
a. Legend said that the god Apollo killed a named Pythos, which
earned him the power to see the future.
b. Apollo spoke through a(n) , a priestess called Pythia.
c. An oracle can be either a person or a .
d. The most famous Greek oracle was located at the temple of in Delphi.
e. Why did people visit the oracle at Delphi?
f. Who were the Fates and what were each of their jobs?
4. Be able to identify the 3 types of capitals that were used on most Greek columns.
5. What is the name of the Greek marketplace?
6. What types of activities took place in the marketplace?
7. Why did the Greeks invent gods and goddesses, and tell their stories through myths?
8. How have the great myths created in Ancient Greece influenced the way we live today?
9. Know what the Iliad and the Odyssey are about.
10. What famous temple is found on the acropolis in Athens?
11. List the names and symbols of 5 Greek alphabet letters.
12. What year did the ancient Greek Olympics begin?
13. What god did the ancient Greek Olympics honor?
14. How often were the ancient Greek Olympics held?
15. List 5 events from the ancient Greek Olympics.
16. What do you think is the most important contribution that the Greeks made to western
civilization? Why do you think so? Give at least 2 reasons to support your answer.
17. Why were the achievements of the Greeks important to later Western civilization?
Study the “Categories” handout and be able to match the following with their descriptions:
Athens Aegean Sea Troy Bay of Salamis
Mediterranean Sea Rhodes Hellespont Ithaca
Crete Thermopylae Olympia Delphi
Marathon Thebes Corinth Ionian Sea
Sparta Samos Lesbos Mount Olympus
1. Be able to identify Greece on a world map.
2. What was the geography of Greece like? What type of landform makes up the majority of Greek
3. How did the landscape of Greece lead to the development of city‐states and colonies?
4. How did it affect what jobs people learned and what occupations they did?
5. What is a polis?
GOVERNANCE & CIVICS
1. Know the following terms and people:
oligarchy council direct democracy
democracy Assembly representative (or indirect) democracy
aristocracy citizen Cleisthenes
Delian League Draco Peloponnesian League
Solon Philip of Macedonia Alexander the Great
2. Greece was first ruled by kings, then by , before democracy became their form of
3. What does “democracy” mean?
4. Which governmental body discussed and presented ideas, and which one voted?
5. What is the difference between a direct and an indirect democracy?
6. We studied 3 important wars in which the Greeks participated: the Persian Wars, the
Peloponnesian War, and the Trojan War. Know the cause of each of these wars, who fought in
each of these wars, and who won.
7. Who were the leaders of the Persian army?
8. Describe the Persian army (strong or weak, etc.).
9. Be able to list 3 unique facts about Athens & Sparta. Which was known for a love of knowledge,
honor, and the arts? Which was known for its military strength?
10. Be able to compare and contrast the lives of women in Athens and Sparta.
11. What individual led his army to conquer Greece and by 323 B.C. was ruler of the largest and most
powerful empire on earth?
12. Alexander the Great was from the kingdom of , located north of Greece.
13. What famous Greek was once a teacher of Alexander?
14. Why did Alexander rename most of the cities he conquered after himself?
15. What influence did Alexander have on the spreading of Greek culture?