Medieval Church Part ll by gegeshandong

VIEWS: 2 PAGES: 3

									Medieval Church Part ll

Jennifer Farrell & Margo Poleway

Chapter 7 Section 3

Period 6

Global 9H

Focus Questions

   •    Who were the key people of the medieval church?
   •    How did the church impact society?
   •    What happened to the church and society during the
        corruption and reforms?
Church Power grows
    Centuries after Rome’s fall it grew
        -Hierarchy became unique position in Western Europe
    Church gradually became powerful over the years
Secular: Worldly, force in medieval Europe

The Church’s Role in Society
   • Pope= spiritual leader of Western Christian Church
   • Papal Supremacy: Authority over all secular rulers,
       including kings and emperors.
   • Churchmen supervised activities
   • High clergy were nobles
   • Feudal lords had territories and armies
   • Church rulers linked to secular rulers
   • Churchmen were highly educated

Religious Authority and Political Power
    • Dedicated to worship the one main God
    • All were born sinners (Original sin)
    • Canon Law: Churches bodies of laws
            • Religion teachings, aspects of life, etc. (Church Laws)
            • People who disobeyed the laws were prosecuted
    • Excommunication: Could not receive sacraments or Christian burial
    • Interdict: Powerful noble who opposed the Church
            • Caused revolts by the common people

A Force for Peace
    • Used authority to end noble warfare
    • Truce of God: Temporary peace
    • Demanded the stop to fighting

Corruption And Reform
    • Popes were barely educated
           • Didn’t know religious services
    •   Churches lost a lot of money

Two Movements for Reform
    Abbot Berno reformed his monastery of Cluny in Eastern France
          Refused to allow nobles& bishops to interfere in monastery affairs
   - Gregory VII
         o Monk
         o Became pope
         o Pushed for reform
         o Outlawed marriage for priests
         o Prohibited simony: The selling of church offices

New Preaching Orders
Friars: Monks who did not live in isolated monasteries
         -Took a different approach to reform
         -Traveled around Europe’s growing towns
         -Preached to the poor

St. Francis of Assisi
        -Wealthy Italian
        -Founded the first friars
        -Preached poverty, humility and love of God

St. Dominic
       -Spanish priest
       -Founded the Dominican Friars

Women in the reform movement
     -Supported the reform movement
     - Some became Dominican nuns
     - Others joined the Poor Clares
     - Well-born women gave a gift (Dowry) to the church.
     -Poor women were welcomed by the Beguines

Jews in Medieval Europe
        -Existed all across Europe
        -Muslim rulers in present day Spain
        -Spain became center of Jewish Culture
        -Jew served as officials in Muslim Royal Courts
        -Jews were given positions by early German kings
        -Jews were protected and valued by rulers in Europe
        -Jews taxed highly


Jews in Medieval Europe continued...
        -Christians blamed Jews for the illnesses
        - Jews& Christians had little interaction with each other
       - Rulers and popes turned to educated Jews for help
       -Thousands of Jews migrated to Eastern Europe
       - Jewish communities settled in Eastern Europe until modern times



                             Works Cited(Need to put in MLA format still)
   •   http://stjuliana.com/images/ChurchRoofSunset.jpg
   •   http://www.alaska-in-pictures.com/data/media/9/russian-orthodox-church-winter-
       sunset_9206.jpg

   •    http://stjuliana.com/images/ChurchRoofSunset.jpg
   •    http://www.alaska-in-pictures.com/data/media/9/russian-orthodox-church-winter-
        sunset_9206.jpg
    • http://www.google.com/imgres?q=church&hl=en&safe=active&gbv=2&biw=1440&bih=703&tb
        m=isch&tbnid=rg0OEdn4htn-PM:&imgrefurl=http://www.boredpanda.com/50-most-
        extraordinary-churches-of-the-
        world/&docid=BBfYrV7HCDOLTM&imgurl=http://lh5.ggpht.com/_9F9_RUESS2E/SnDLeEPQC9I/
        AAAAAAAAANI/1NTRawTNfVE/s800/50-Extraordinary-Churches-
        caldari.jpg&w=600&h=507&ei=UlAxT8_rFIfg0QGW9dT5Bw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=911&vpy=15
        9&dur=578&hovh=206&hovw=244&tx=110&ty=118&sig=100053024227840380288&page=1&t
        bnh=169&tbnw=192&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0
    • http://www.cartoonstock.com/newscartoons/cartoonists/jco/lowres/jcon3220l.jpg
    • http://www.cartoonstock.com/lowres/hsc1049l.jpg
    • http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_QNRvqXVU5FA/S7xyf3d8E3I/AAAAAAAAAGo/Xb__Z0kJs3g/s1600/cl
        uny2.jpg
    • http://www.mediabistro.com/unbeige/files/original/leida%20stop%20fighting.jpg
    • http://www.stfrancisgilmer.org/images/nmfrax.jpeg
    • http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/liturgicalyear/pictures/5_25_gregoryvii.jpg
    • http://www.siena.edu/uploadedImages/Home/About_Siena/7%20friars%20web.jpg
    • http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_GMbnbz-
        tqa0/TFwe0chsMoI/AAAAAAAABM4/RIFwXA5mfQY/s1600/000_st_%2520dominic%2520icon.jp
        g
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_ynN-
UTH7fgM/Shqy0ozQNmI/AAAAAAAAAps/zLRnDsAfq28/s400/Dominican+Friars.jpg
http://www.theholocaustexplained.org/public/cms/70/92/100/281/MC8GXb_web.jpg
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/maps/cde1b.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/49/Star_of_David.svg/150px-
Star_of_David.svg.png

								
To top