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Theories of Deviance Cultural Transmission Theory • deviance is a learned behavior • differential association – interactions with deviants will make you deviant • EX: you grow up around violent crime and then become violent Structural-Strain Theory • deviance is a natural outgrowth of values, norms, and structure of society • when cultural goals and the means of achieving those goals don’t line up – strain is produced • 4 responses to strain: innovation, ritualism, retreatism, rebellion (pg. 165) Control Theory • weak ties to the community increase likelihood of deviant acts • people with strong ties have more to lose if they are deviant • with more social ties, your inner controls will be stronger to keep you from deviating Conflict Theory • struggle between haves and have-nots • haves commit deviance to maintain power • have-nots commit deviance: – to obtain financial rewards – because they have low self-esteem Labeling Theory • focuses on how our labels affect our self- concept (secondary deviance) • how we’re labeled sets us on paths of either deviance or conformity Bob Peterson: Just out of curiosity. What exactly is your Halloween costume? Jeff Montgomery: I’m a sex offender. Bob Peterson: Excuse me? Jeff Montgomery: I’m a sex offender. Oh, oh, for Halloween! Bob Peterson: You’re a sex offender? Jeff Montgomery: Yeah, pretty convincing, huh? Here, watch this: ” I’m Jeff Montgomery. By law I’m required to inform you that I am a repeat offender and I’ll be living in your neighborhood.” Great costume, right? Could you sign and date this, please?
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