Theories of Deviance by gegeshandong


									Theories of Deviance
Cultural Transmission Theory
• deviance is a learned behavior
• differential association – interactions with
  deviants will make you deviant
• EX: you grow up around violent crime
  and then become violent
     Structural-Strain Theory
• deviance is a natural outgrowth of values,
  norms, and structure of society
• when cultural goals and the means of
  achieving those goals don’t line up – strain
  is produced
• 4 responses to strain: innovation, ritualism,
  retreatism, rebellion (pg. 165)
           Control Theory
• weak ties to the community increase
  likelihood of deviant acts
• people with strong ties have more to lose if
  they are deviant
• with more social ties, your inner controls
  will be stronger to keep you from deviating
           Conflict Theory
• struggle between haves and have-nots
• haves commit deviance to maintain power
• have-nots commit deviance:
  – to obtain financial rewards
  – because they have low self-esteem
          Labeling Theory
• focuses on how our labels affect our self-
  concept (secondary deviance)
• how we’re labeled sets us on paths of
  either deviance or conformity
Bob Peterson: Just out of curiosity. What exactly is your
Halloween costume?
Jeff Montgomery: I’m a sex offender.
Bob Peterson: Excuse me?
Jeff Montgomery: I’m a sex offender. Oh, oh, for Halloween!
Bob Peterson: You’re a sex offender?
Jeff Montgomery: Yeah, pretty convincing, huh? Here, watch
this: ” I’m Jeff Montgomery. By law I’m required to inform you
that I am a repeat offender and I’ll be living in your
neighborhood.” Great costume, right? Could you sign and date
this, please?

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