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           TOPIC WISE ICAP’s PAST PAPERS
                              Income Tax-Preliminary
Q1   Define the following with reference to the Income Tax Ordinance 2001:

     a)    Assesses
     b)    Capital asset
     c)    Dividend
     d)    Public Company (08)                                                  Spring2002

Q2

     a)    Please define the terms ‘Co-operative Society’ and ‘Finance Society’ with reference to
           the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 and compare the same. (03)
     b)    Under what circumstances Advance or Loan to a shareholder by a private company
           would be treated as ‘dividend’ with reference to the provision of the Income Tax
           Ordinance, 2001. (03)                                                  Autumn 2002

Q3   Define the following:

     (a)    Person
     (b)    Resident company
     (c)    Tax Year
     (d)    Intangibles (08)                                                    Spring 2003

Q4   Define the following terms in the light of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001?

     (a)    Profit on Debt. (03)
     (b)    Income. (03)
     (c)    Public Company. (03)                                                Autumn2003

Q5   Define the following terms in the light of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001?

     (a)    Employment (03)
     (b)    Finance society (02)
     (c)    Pre-commencement expenditure (03)
     (d)    Unit trust (02)                                                     Spring2004

Q6   Define the following with reference to the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001?

     (a)    Fee for technical services (03)
     (b)    Non-profit organization (03)
     (c)    Income (03)
     (d)    Taxpayer (02)                                                Autumn2004
      PAC

Q7    Describe the circumstances under which the following shall be treated as resident for the purposes of charge
      of tax?
      (a)    An individual. (02)
      (b)    A company. (03)
      (c)    An association of person. (01)                                                Autumn2004

Q8    Define the following with reference to the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001:

      (a)    Small Company (02)
      (b)    Public Company (03)
      (c)    Association of Persons (02)
      (d)    Income (02)
      (e)    Taxpayer (02)                                                                Autumn2005

Q9    Describe the relevant provisions of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 to determine the
      residential status of a ‘Person’. (07)                                Autumn2005

Q 10 Define the following with reference to the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001:

      (a)    Employer, employee and employment. (05)
      (b)    Principal Officer. (02)
      (c)    Profit on debt. (04)                                                          Spring2005

Q 11 What are the circumstances in which two or more persons shall be considered as
     “associates” under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001? (08)               Spring2006

Q 12 Mr. Ali, a Pakistani Citizen, returned to Pakistan in November 2004 after completing his
     employment contract in United Arab Emirates (UAE). He worked till October 2004 in UAE
     where there was no tax on salaries. Mr. Ali is in Pakistan since then and has been employed
     by a local company. Explain the tax implication on Mr. Ali’s income, earned in UAE and
     Pakistan, for the tax year 2005. (04)                                     Spring2006

Q 13 Define the following with reference to the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001:

      a)     Depreciable Assets (05)
      b)     Turnover for the purpose of computing minimum tax liability. (05) Spring2006

Q 14 Explain the different types of tax years as enumerated in the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001.
     (06)                                                                   Autumn2006

Q 15 Identify the situations in which two companies shall be considered to be associates within the
     meaning of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (06)                         Autumn2007

Q16   One of your clients which is a subsidiary of a foreign company wants to change its
      accounting year from June 30 to December 31 as the income year of its parent company
      ends on December 31. Advise the client about the requirements of the Income Tax
      Ordinance, 2001 regarding change in tax year from normal to special. (03)
                                                                          Autumn2007
      PAC

Q17   Certain types of payments by a private company to their shareholders can be treated as
      “dividend” under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. State the conditions necessary for the
      application of this rule and the exceptions to it. (05)            Spring2008

Q18   Explain the term “Permanent Establishment” with reference to the Income Tax Ordinance,
      2001.(06)                                                           Autumn2007

Q19   The residential status of a taxpayer may either be ‘resident’ or ‘non-resident’. State the
      relevant provisions contained in the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001, for determining the
      residential status of a taxpayer. (08)                                Spring2007

Q 20 Explain the following terms with reference to the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001:

      a)     Income (03)
      b)     Profit on debt (06)                                              Spring2007

Q21   State the circumstances when two companies shall be considered as associates, under the
      Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (04)                                 Autumn 2008

Q22   Explain the term “Small Company” and the privileges available to it under the Income Tax
      Ordinance, 2001. (06)                                                 Autumn 2008

Q23   Hijazi Limited is a multinational unquoted company. Presently, the company closes its
      financial year on June 30. The company is now considering to change its income year from
      June 30 to March 31. Mr. Safi is the tax consultant of the Company. Write a memorandum on
      his behalf, explaining the following:
      (i) Requirements of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 regarding change in tax year from
           normal to special.
      (ii) The tax year corresponding to the income year ended on March 31, 2009 and the due
           date for filing the return of income. (09)                      Spring 2009

Q24   A company engaged in manufacturing activities has decided to provide loan to one of its
      shareholders. Explain the tax implication on the company as well as the shareholder if the
      Company:
      a)    Is registered under the Companies Ordinance, 1984 as a private limited company.
      b)    Is an unlisted public company. (06)                             Autumn 2009

Q25   What do you understand by the term “Taxpayer” as described in the Income Tax Ordinance,
      2001? (03)                                                       Spring 2010

Q26   State the provisions of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 regarding the residential status of
      companies and association of persons. (05)                        Spring 2010

Q27   What is the difference between a public company and a private company within the meaning of the
      Income Tax Ordinance, 2001?                (05)                       Autumn 2010
      PAC


                              Income Tax Authorities
Q1    State the classes of income tax authorities under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (05)
                                                             Spring 2002

Q2

      a)    What is binding on all authorities to follow for the purpose of administration of law of
            Income Tax under the Income Tax Ordinance 2001? (02)
      b)    What is specifically prohibited for CBR (FBR) when issuing its orders, instructions for its
            subordinate officers? (03)                                             Autumn 2002




                                       Scope of Tax
Q1    Describe the provision relating to income splitting with reference to transfer of assets
      between individual persons. (10)                                       Spring 2004

Q2    Describe the common rules for treating the following under the Income Tax Ordinance,
      2001?

      (a)    Receipt of income. (04)
      (b)    Currency conversion. (04)                                      Autumn2004



                       Exemptions and Concessions
\Q1   Under what conditions income from a building shall be treated as agricultural income? (04)
                                                                                 PAC FILTER



                                Taxation of Persons
Q1    Describe the principles of taxation for an ‘Association of Person’? (06)         Autumn2004

Q2    Explain the provisions of the Income Tax Ordinance 2001 regarding the principles of taxation
      of Association of Persons. (07)                                           Autumn2005

Q3    One of your clients, a professional firm prohibited under the law to incorporate approached
      you to seek clarification on certain tax matters. You are required to explain the issue to them
      in the light of the provisions of section 93:

            Determination of member’s share in the total income of the firm.(03) Spring 2005
     PAC

Q4   One of your clients, Mr. Nadir who is the legal representative of his deceased Uncle Mr.
     Ather, has approached you seeking your views with regard to his legal obligations under
     section 87 on the following matters:

     (i)     Taxation of income earned by Mr. Ather prior to his death and the extent of tax liability
             of Mr. Nadir in respect of such income. (04)
     (ii)    Legality of the tax assessment proceedings pending against Mr. Ather at the time of
             his death. (3)                                                      Spring2006

Q5   Mr. Zia’s father expired in March 2009. Being the only heir, he received all his father’s
     business and assets. In August 2009, a notice was received from the income tax department
     in the name of his father to pay unpaid tax liabilities along with penalty and additional tax. Mr.
     Zia is of the view that since his father expired, the notice is irrelevant. In the light of Income
     Tax Ordinance, 2001, explain the correct legal position of Mr. Zia with regard to his father’s
     income tax liabilities and the related income tax proceedings. (06)
     Autumn 2007



                                     Salary Income
Q1   A nationalized bank after privatization has announced a Golden Hand Shake Scheme for its
     employees under which lump sum payments are proposed to be made to employees who opt
     for the scheme. Discuss the chargeability of above amounts in the hands of employees. (04)
                                                                               Autumn2005

Q2   Briefly explain the taxability or exemption of the following allowances or perquisites:

     (i)     Free passage provided by a transporter to its employees;
     (ii)    Leased motor vehicle provided to an employee, exclusively for his personal use.
             Running and maintenance cost and driver’s salary is also borne by the employer.
     (iii)   Medical allowance paid at 10 percent of basic salary. (06)         Spring2007

Q3   Mr. Waseem received an amount of Rs. 50,000 as arrears of salary pertaining to the tax year
     2007 in the tax year 2008. Discuss the options available with Mr. Waseem under the Income
     Tax Ordinance, 2001 and what matters should he consider in deciding the best option. (04)
                                                                              Spring2008

Q4   A company intends to launch an Employee Share Scheme for its employees and for the
     purpose of educating its employees in this regard; the management wants to prepare a
     summary containing the taxability of the following:

     (i)     Option granted to an employee.
     (ii)    Disposal of the option to acquire shares under the employee share scheme.
     (iii)   Shares issued to an employee under the option that are subject to restriction on
             transfer.
     PAC

     Explain the timing and valuation aspects in respect of the above, with reference to the
     Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (09)                                            Spring2008



                                  Property Income
Q1

     a)     Describe the term ‘rent’ in the context of income from property. (02)
     b)     Through Finance Act, 2006 income from property has been subjected to final tax
            regime. However, the provisions relating to taxability of income from property shall not
            apply to taxpayers who meet certain conditions. State these conditions. (03)
                                                                          Autumn2006

Q2   Specify under which head of income, following amounts of rent would be chargeable to tax:

     (i)    Rent in respect of lease of a building together with plant and machinery.
     (ii)   Amount included in the rent of a building for the provision of amenities, utilities or any
            other service connected with the renting of such building. (02) Autumn2006

Q3   Discuss the taxability of under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 Non-adjustable rent. (04)
                                                                       Spring2008




                                  Business Income
Q1   Explain whether the following are admissible as business expenditure under the Income Tax
     Ordinance 2001:

     a)     Repayment of principal amount of lease rentals of plant & machinery.
     b)     Sales tax paid on the purchase of raw material to be used in the production of exempt
            supply.
     c)     Dividend
     d)      Provision in respect of doubtful debts.
     e)     Penalty levied under Section 108 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 for failure to file
            statement under Section 139. (10)                             Spring 2002

Q2   Describe the expenses which are allowable as a deduction on account of employees training
     and facilities? (04)                                             Autumn2004

Q3   Discuss the conditions required to be fulfilled for claiming a deduction on account of ‘bad-
     debts’? (03)                                                           Autumn2004
      PAC

Q4    Describe any five types of expenses that are not allowed to be deducted under the head
      “income from business”. (05)                                        Spring2005

Q5    Discuss under what circumstances an expenditure incurred by a person are required to be
      apportioned for the purpose of claiming a deduction under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001?
      (04)                                                               Spring2005

Q6    Explain the provisions of section 29 with regard to the recovery of bad debts in subsequent
      years. (05)                                                          Spring2006

Q7    Explain with reasons, as to whether or not the following expenses are admissible business
      expenditures:

      1.      Penalty paid by a banking company on contravention of State Bank of Pakistan’s
              regulations. (01)
      2.      Freight charges to forwarding agent amounting to Rs 60,000 paid in cash(01)
      3.      Payment of salary to an employee from which tax was not deducted by the employer.
              However, the employee paid the tax himself. (01)
      4.      Tax deducted under section 153 from payments received by a resident person on
              account of services rendered. (01)                                 Spring2006

Q8    Briefly discuss the allowability of the following against business income chargeable to tax:

      (i)     Payment of utility bills in cash amounting to Rs. 15,000.
      (ii)    Penalty of Rs. 5,000 paid for late submission of quarterly statement under the Income
              Tax Ordinance, 2001.
      (iii)   Depreciation on leased assets amounting to Rs. 150,000. (05) Autumn2007

Q9    During the tax year 2007, Mr. Yahya, a resident person, derived an income of Rs. 1,500,000
      from his business in Pakistan. He has also earned an amount of US$ 30,000 from his
      business in a foreign country on which he paid income tax to tax authorities of that country,
      amounting to US$ 10,500. Compute the tax liability of Mr. Yahya for the tax year 2007.

      Note: Applicable Tax Rate in Pakistan = 25%; US$ 1 = Pak Rupees 60. (04) Autumn2007

Q10   What do you understand by the concept “apportionment of expenditures” as explained in the
      Income Tax Ordinance, 2001? (06)                                       Autumn2007

Q11   What do you understand by the term “speculation business” as referred to in the Income Tax
      Ordinance, 2001? Briefly discuss the rules relating to set off and carry forward of losses
      arising out of speculation business. (04)                                    Spring2007

Q12   Mr. Sajid is a sole proprietor involved in the distribution of fans manufactured by a Pakistani
      Company. He is in the process of computing his business income for tax year 2008 but is not
      clear about the tax treatment of the following items:
      PAC

      (i)   Commission of Rs 20,000 was paid to his employee but no tax was deducted by him on
            the presumption that individuals are not required to deduct tax from commission
            payments.
      (ii) In his books of accounts, an expense of Rs 50,000 has been charged on account of
            various household expenses.
      (iii) During the year, he purchased a car at a cost of Rs 1,200,000 which has been used for
            personal as well as business purposes. Mr. Sajid wants to claim depreciation (including
            initial allowance) on the full amount of cost.
      (iv) Computer software was purchased on January 1, 2008 at a cost of Rs. 900,000. The
            software is likely to be used for twelve years.
      (v) His business assets worth Rs. 500,000 were destroyed by the earthquake in October
            2005. He claimed the loss in his return for tax year 2006 but an amount of Rs. 150,000
            was disallowed by the Taxation Officer. In tax year 2008, the Government gave him a
            compensation of Rs. 400,000 on this account.
      (vi) Professional tax of Rs. 100,000 was paid to the Government of Punjab. Such tax is to
            be paid by every person who is engaged in the trading business in the territory of
            Punjab. He considers it inadmissible as it is a tax paid to a provincial government.

      Explain the correct tax treatment of the above items under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001.
      (12)                                                                      Autumn2008

Q13   Discuss the taxability of the following under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001:

      (i)          Bad debts                                (05)
      (ii)         Speculation business                     (04)                          Spring2008


Q14   List the situations referred to in Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 where expenditure is required to be
      apportioned for the purpose of claiming a deduction.        (04)                 Autumn 2010



Q14   You are the tax consultant of Ideal Associates who are engaged in the business of manufacture and
      sale of electronic goods for the last twenty years. The firm has requested for your opinion in respect
      of the following:

             (i)     Provision for bad debts.

             (ii) Payment against a liability which was outstanding since 2006 and had been added
             back into the taxable income of the firm in 2009.

             (iii) Initial depreciation allowance on ajjrree-year old plant, which has been imported from
             China. The remaining useful life of the plant is 7 years.

             Required:

             Advise the management on the treatment of the above transactions, under the Income
             Tax Ordinance, 2001.                        (07)                     Autumn 2010
     PAC


                           Assets and Depreciation
Q1

     a)     List down the assets on which ‘Initial allowance’ can not be claimed? (04)
     b)     What are the prescribed rates of normal depreciation on the following assets as per
            the Third Schedule to the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001?
            (i)    Factory building.
            (ii)   Residential quarter for labor.
            (iii)  Furniture.
            (iv)   Plant and machinery.
            (v)    Computer and hardware.
            (vi)   Technical books.
            (vii) New ships.
            (viii) Motor vehicle. (04)                                           Autumn2004

Q2   Discuss the common rules with regard to the following under the Income Tax Ordinance,
     2001:

     a)     Fair Market Value. (03)
     b)     Income of joint owners. (02)
     c)     Non-arms length transactions of disposal of assets. (02)               Spring2005

Q3   Describe the assets that are not eligible for the purpose of claiming initial depreciation
     allowance. (04)                                                                Spring2005

Q4   Discuss which assets are not considered capital assets for the purpose of determining
     income under the head Capital Gains. (05)                                  Spring2005

Q5   A person who places an eligible depreciable asset into service in Pakistan for the first time in
     a tax year shall be allowed initial depreciation allowance. List down the assets which do not
     come under the purview of “eligible depreciable assets” for the purpose of initial
     allowance.(04)                                                              Autumn2007

Q6   State the conditions which a tangible asset should meet to qualify as a depreciable asset.
     (04)                                                                        Autumn 2009


                             Method of Accounting
Q1   Method of accounting is required to be employed by a company deriving income from
     business. (02)                                                           Autumn2002

Q2

     a)     Describe the method of accounting to be adopted by a person deriving business
            income from a ‘Long Term Contract’? (04)                            Autumn2003
     PAC

     b)    Briefly state the provisions relating to the change in the method of accounting of
           income from business. (03)                                            Spring2003

Q3   Briefly describe the minimum books of accounts, documents, and records that are required to
     be maintained by the following taxpayers?

     a)    Taxpayer (other than a company) deriving business income up to Rs.200, 000. (04)
     b)    Taxpayer (other than a company) deriving business income exceeding     Rs.200,
           000. (04)                                                         Autumn2003

Q4

     a)    Briefly explain when the expenditure is considered as incurred with reference to
           accrual basis of accounting defined in the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (03)
     b)     Please mention the costing method(s) and stock valuation method(s) to be applied by
           a person following accrual basis of accounting to account for income chargeable to tax
           under the head ‘income from business’ under the Ordinance.(03)
     c)    Please mention the period for which advance tax is payable and the dates by which
           such advance tax is payable. (03)
     d)    What would be the withholding tax rate on the payment of Rs. 50 million by a company
           to a resident person for the execution of a turnkey contract? Please also explain the
           taxability of income from such turnkey contract in the hands of resident person. (4)
                                                                                Spring2004

Q5   What is the basis of stock-in-trade computation under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 when
     the taxpayer follows the cash basis of accounting? (02)                  Spring2006

Q6   Company may account for income chargeable to tax under the head ‘income from business
     on cash basis or on accrual basis. Briefly discuss the rules relating to accrual of income and
     expenditure as explained in the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (04)              Autumn2006

Q7   Discuss the provisions of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 relating to the computation of
     opening and closing stock. (04)                                           Spring2007

Q8   Explain the term “long term contract” and the method of computing the income from long
     term contract, under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (06)                 Autumn2008



                                      Capital Gain
Q1   Under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001, a deduction for capital loss is allowed when
     consideration received on disposal of a capital asset is less than its cost. What are the
     exceptions to this rule? (06)                                                 Spring2007

Q2   Explain the term “Capital Assets” as referred to in the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (05)
     Spring 2010
     PAC




                        Income from Other Sources
Q1   Identify the circumstances when rent received is taxed under the head “Income from other Sources”
     rather tan “Income from Property”.                                                            (4)




                                         Tax Credit
Q1   Mr. Ashraf made the following donations during the income year 2000-2001:
     a)     Rs. 200,000 in cash to a relief fund sponsored by the Government.
     b)     Personal car to an institution referred to in Clause (91) of the Second Schedule. This
            car was purchased by Mr. Ashraf four years ago at the cost of Rs. 80,000.The fair
            market value is Rs.60,000
     c)     Medicines to a private hospital purchased at the total cost of Rs. 10,000.
     Please advice Mr. Ashraf regarding the allowance for donation which may be claimed by him
     keeping in view the requirement of Section 47 of the Income Tax Ordinance 2001 if his
     income for the relevant income year has been assessed at Rs. 800,000. (08)
                                                                             Spring 2002
Q2
     a)     Under what circumstances a resident individual is entitled to claim exemption from tax
            on his foreign source salary, and when is the foreign tax treated as having been
            paid?(04)
     b)     Explain the basis on which a foreign tax credit would be allowed to a resident tax
            payer in respect of foreign tax paid on foreign source income. (04) Autumn2003

Q3   Mr. Irfan intends to make a donation of Rs. 5 million in cash to certain institutions. Advise Mr.
     Irfan, what tax benefits may be available to him and the conditions applicable thereon. (10)
                                                                                    Autumn2005

Q4   Mr. Hamza intends to donate Rs. 5 million in cash to the following institutions:

     (i) An institution whose name is listed in the 2nd Schedule to the Income Tax Ordinance,
          2001; and
     (ii) A nonprofit organization working for the promotion of education in rural areas of Pakistan.

     Explain the impact of the above donations on the tax liability of Mr. Hamza. (07)
                                                                                 Spring2007

Q5   Mr. Zulqarnain intends to make donations to certain charitable institutions. You are required
     to advise him on the following:

     (i)    The types of institutions to whom the donation(s) would entitle him for tax credit.
     PAC

     (ii)      The method of calculation of tax credit. (08)                              Spring2008

Q6   State the provisions of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 pertaining to foreign tax credit available
     to a resident taxpayer. (06)                                              Autumn 2009

Q7   Mr. Qamar intends to donate an amount of Rs. 10 million to certain educational and welfare
     institutions. In your capacity as his tax consultant, explain the tax relief which may be
     available in respect of such donation and the conditions he must fulfill to avail such relief.
     (09)                                                                            Spring 2010

Q8   Mr. Faisal is a resident taxpayer and has been providing consultancy services to local and foreign
     clients since 2003.. A friend has informed him that under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 he can
     claim a tax credit against any foreign income tax paid by him on his foreign source income.

             Required:

             Explain the provisions of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 pertaining to foreign tax credit
             available to a resident taxpayer.            (06)                         Autumn 2010




                     Set off and carry forward of losses
Q1   Please write a brief note about the adjustment of loss incurred under any head of income in
     the current year. (03)                                                     Autumn2002

Q2   Briefly explain the law relating to set-off and carry forward of losses? (07) Autumn2003

Q3    Describe the provisions relating to set-off and carry forward of foreign losses under the
     Income Tax Ordinance, 2001? (03)                                               Autumn2004

Q4    Briefly discuss the time limit for claiming group relief by a holding company in respect of loss
     surrendered by a subsidiary company? What conditions need to be fulfilled in this regard?
     (04)                                                                          Spring2005

Q5    One of your clients, a professional firm prohibited under the law to incorporate approached
     you to seek clarification on certain tax matters. You are required to explain the issue to them
     in the light of the provisions of section 93:

           Treatment of loss sustained by the firm, which could not be set-off against its other
            income. (03)                                                             Spring 2005

Q6   Explain the principles of taxation and filing of return relating to members of association of person.
     Also discuss the rules relating to set off and carry forward of association’s losses. (08)
                                                                                            Spring2007
     PAC


                                   Payment of Tax
Q1

     a)     What are the consequences for non-payment or short payment of advance tax? (05)
     b)     What powers are provided in the Income Tax Ordinance 2001 for recovery of tax if an
            Assessee fails to voluntarily pay the assessed tax liability? (04) Spring 2002

Q2   How would you make deduction of tax at source on payment of dividend to-

           A resident individual
           Public company listed in Pakistan
           A nonresident individual
           A nonresident company (04)                                            Autumn2002

Q3

     a)     Explain the law applicable in special case for recovery of income tax from a defaulted
            partner of a firm. (04)
     b)     Elaborate the provision of Section 50(1) relating to withholding of tax on Salary. (03)
                                                                                  Autumn2002

Q4   Explain the provisions relating to payment of advance tax by an individual. (06) Spring2003

Q5     Briefly explain the salient features of deduction/collection of income tax at source on the
     following:

          Payment of dividend to a corporate shareholder
          Payment of rent
          Imports (06)                                                           Spring2003

Q6    What is understood by the term, ‘own estimate’ in the context of quarterly advance tax
     payment by an Assessee. Explain the implications of an incorrect estimate by the Assessee.
     (05)                                                                        Autumn2005

Q7    Every tax payer, whose income was charged to tax for the latest tax year, is liable to pay
     advance tax in accordance with the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. You are required to list
     down the incomes which are excluded for the purpose of calculating advance tax. (07)
                                                                                 Autumn2006

Q8    Every prescribed person is required to deduct tax while making payments on account of sale
     of goods, rendering of services and execution of contracts. Specify any seven exceptions to
     this rule. (07)                                                            Autumn2007

Q9    Under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001, the Commissioner may serve upon the taxpayer; a
     notice requiring him to pay any tax due within such time as may be specified in the notice.
      PAC

      Describe the modes of recovery available to the Commissioner, if the taxpayer fails to pay
      the amount of tax within the time specified in the said notice. (04)      Spring2007

Q10

      a)     Quarterly advance tax payable under section 147 is computed on the basis of
             estimated taxable income. Prepare a list of various types of income which are not
             taken into consideration while calculating the amount of advance tax. (07)
      b)      Discuss the procedure required to be followed by a resident company if it intends to
             make payments to a non-resident individual without deduction of tax. (08)
             Autumn2008

Q11    AAS (Pvt.) Ltd was incorporated on July 1, 2006 and commenced commercial operations in
      the same month. It suffered losses in the first year of its operations. Briefly explain how the
      company should determine the amount of advance tax to be paid (if any) in the tax year
      2008. (05)                                                                      Spring2008

Q12    List the prescribed persons as specified by the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 who are
      required to deduct tax while making payment for supply of goods. (03)    Autumn 2009

Q13    Hanif Limited (HL) has commenced its commercial business operations with effect from
      January 1, 2010. Since no assessment of HL has yet been finalized, the management is of
      the view that HL is not required to pay any quarterly advance tax.
      Required:
       i.    Discuss the management’s point of view under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001.
      ii.    What are the consequences of non-payment of advance tax? (05) Spring2010

Q14    On February 15, 2010 Income Tax Department initiated proceedings against Zaman
      Enterprises (Private) Limited (ZEL) for monitoring of withholding taxes. After examining the
      statements filed up to January 2010 and the information submitted by ZEL, the
      Commissioner has issued a show cause notice in respect of the following:
      a. No tax was deducted on payments of Rs. 5.5 million made to Shahid & Co. who is one of
          the main suppliers of packing materials to ZEL. Shahid & Co. imports and sells the
          imported products in local market in the same condition in which they are imported.
      b. ZEL deducted withholding tax from the payments made to Mansoor Sons against supplies
          of various accessories. However, withholding tax was deducted on amount excluding
          sales tax of Rs. 192,000.
      c. Rs. 50,000 was paid to Mujahid Engineering as advance against services but no tax was
          deducted at the time of payment.
      d. ZEL deducted tax at the rate of 10% from payment of commission to its sales staff.
      Required:
      With respect to each of the above transactions, comment on ZEL’s position including
      consequences (if any) in the light of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (10)       Spring2010

Q15    Tax imposed at the rate of 15% on every non-resident person who receives Pakistan source
      royalty or fee for technical services is considered to be a final tax on the amount in respect of
      which the tax is imposed.
      Required:
      PAC

      Identify the exceptions to the above rule, as referred to in the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001.
      (04)                                                                         Spring2010

Q16
      Mr. Abid has received a notice from the Income Tax Department for the payment outstanding tax
      dues. However, due to liquidity problems he wants to delay the payment.

      Required:

Q17
      Advise Mr. Abid about the actions which the Department may take to recover the tax dues, if the
      payment is not made within the time specified in the notice.         (5)      Autumn 2010


Q18   Every employer is required to deduct tax from salary paid to the employees.

      Required:

      In the above context,

      (i) explain the term "Employee's average rate of tax".

      (ii) list the adjustments which the employer should consider while withholding the tax from
      salary.                                         (06)                             Autumn 2010


Q19   Mr. Hyder is the legal representative of his deceased uncle since January 5, 2010 and manages
      his estate worth Rs. 10 million approximately. On August 10, 2010, he received two notices from
      the Income Tax Department requiring him to:

            ■ submit details of his uncle's income for the tax year 2009.
            ■ make payment of Rs. 12 million against his uncle's income for the tax year 2007 and
            2008.

            Required:

            Advise Mr. Hyder about the extent of his tax liability in respect of the income earned by his
            uncle before January 5, 2010. Also advise him about his obligations relating to the tax
            assessment proceedings pending/arising against his uncle. (05)               Autumn 2010
      PAC


                             Assessment Procedure
Q1     Explain whether income tax authorities can rectify their orders, if so, under what
      circumstances and is there any limitation of time for doing so? (04)          Autumn2002

Q2

a)    Who is required to furnish a return under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001? (05)
b)    Can the commissioner order a “person” to file a return of Income? Please explain. (05)
                                                                                Spring2003

Q3    What is meant by the term ‘amendment of assessments’ as laid down in Section 122 of the
      Income Tax Ordinance, 2001.(10)                                        Spring2003

Q4    Briefly state the time frame for filing the return of income by

      a)     a company;
      b)      Persons other than a company. (05)                                  Autumn2003

Q5     Describe the requirements of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 for persons who are about to
      discontinue his business.(05)                                          Spring2004

Q6

      a)    Please discuss the parameters of audit of income tax affairs of any person given in the
            Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (05)
      b)     For how many years the tax payer is required to maintain accounts and documents
            under the relevant provision of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (02) Spring2004

Q7

      a)    Briefly state the time limit within which the Commissioner of Income-tax is permitted to
            further amend an assessment? (02)
      b)    Briefly state the time limit within which the Commissioner of Income-tax is required to
            pass an order to give effect to the finding or directions of the Commissioner of Income-
            tax (Appeals)?(02)                                                      Autumn2004

Q8    Under what conditions is it necessary for an individual to file a return of income. (06)
                                                                                       Autumn2005

Q9    How will the tax be recovered if a private limited company fails to pay tax at the time of
      winding up? (04)                                                                  Autumn2005

Q10   What is the status of a complete return of income filed under the Income Tax Ordinance,
      2001? (05)                                                                 Spring2005
      PAC

Q11    Describe the circumstances under which the Commissioner of Income Tax is empowered to
      issue a notice requiring a person to furnish a return of income for a period of less than twelve
      months. (04)                                                                  Spring2006

Q12   What are the time limits prescribed by the Income Tax Ordinance 2001, within which the
      Commissioner is required to pass an order to give effect to the decision of Income Tax
      Appellate Tribunal under the following circumstances?

      a) The ITAT has set aside the assessment and order of the ITAT was received by the
         Commissioner on November 30, 2004. (03)
      b) The ITAT has deleted the additions made by the assessing officer and the order of the
         ITAT was received by the Commissioner on December 15, 2004. (03) Spring2006

Q13    Under what circumstances, an assessment made can be amended or an amended
      assessment can be further amended by the Commissioner of Income Tax? (05)
                                                                             Autumn2006

Q14    The Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 empowers the Commissioner of Income Tax to select a
      person for audit of his tax records. You are required to list down the criteria under which the
      Commissioner of Income Tax can select a person for tax audit. (05)              Autumn2006

Q15    A resident person is about to leave the country. Briefly explain the following in the light of
      Income Tax Ordinance, 2001:

         responsibility of such person in relation to filing of tax return;
         powers of the Commissioner of Income Tax in such situation;
         rules relating to assessment of income. (06)                                  Autumn2007

Q16

      a) In certain circumstances, the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 empowers the Commissioner
         of Income Tax to make assessment based on any available information or material, to the
         best of his judgment. List down the conditions under which the Commissioner can
         exercise such powers. Also state the time limit within which such power can be exercised.
         (04)
      b) Mr. Rafiq , a salaried individual, whose taxable income for previous year was more than
         Rs. 500,000, has not filed the wealth statement. He is of the view that since he has no
         other source of income besides salary and his employer has already filed the annual
         statement, he is not required to file a wealth statement. Evaluate Mr. Rafiq’s point of view
         in the light of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (03)                         Autumn2007

Q17    Every resident taxpayer whose last declared or assessed income is five hundred thousand
      rupees or more is required to furnish a wealth statement for that year along with the income
      tax return. State the main particulars that are required to be included in the wealth statement.
      (04)                                                                          Spring2007
        PAC

Q18     List the persons who are required to file a return of income under the Income Tax
        Ordinance, 2001. (06)                                                        Autumn2008

Q19      Under what circumstances, the Commissioner of Income Tax can require a person to furnish
        a return of income for a period of less than twelve months? (04)       Spring2008

Q20

      a) State the provisions of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 with regards to rectification of
         mistakes. (05)
    b) Ayub Industries Limited has been selected for the audit of its income tax affairs. The
         management is of the opinion that since their tax affairs were audited last year also, they
         should not have been selected for audit this year. Discuss the management’s point of
         view in the light of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (05)                    Autumn 2009
Q20 Mr. Sami has recently received a notice from the Commissioner of Income Tax to file return of
    income for the tax years 2003 and 2006 within 20 days of receiving the notice. In your capacity
    as a tax consultant, advise Mr. Sami on the following issues along with appropriate
    explanations.

       i.      Is the Commissioner justified in issuing the above notice?
      ii.      If Mr. Sami is not in a position to meet the deadline for filing the returns, can he get an
               extension? (07)                                                            Spring 2010

Q21
        a) List down the circumstances under which an original assessment can be amended or an
           amended assessment can further be amended, by the Commissioner of Income Tax. (05)

        b) State the procedures to be followed when a person intends to make payment to a non-resident
           person without deduction of tax.                      (08)                Autumn 2010




                                 Appeals and Revisions
Q1       You have received a letter from Mr. Zubair Ansari who is seeking your advise regarding the
        mode and procedure of filing an appeal under the Income Tax Ordinance 2001. Please draft
        a suitable reply briefly describing the appellate procedure and incorporate the following chart
        in your reply.

                          Authority
                            whose                          Limitation
                                                                                          Limitation
           Name           order may         Filing            period     Decision in
                                                                                          period for
        of Appellate         be              fee               for        appeal
                                                                                           decision
         Authority        appealed                       filing appeal
                           against



        (12)                                                                            Spring 2002
      PAC

Q2     Name of Appellate Authority whose order may be appealed Against Filing Fee Limitation
      period for filing appeal Decision in appeal Limitation period for decision. (3 Spring 2002

Q3    Briefly explain the requirements of payment of tax viz-a-viz filing an appeal before the
      Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals)? (05)                                  Autumn2003

Q4

      a) You being tax consultant of ABC Company, a partnership firm, has been informed that an
         order of assessment has been served on the firm under section 122 of the Ordinance on
         December 27, 2003 for the tax year 2003. The order is accompanied by notice showing
         income tax payable of Rs. 10 million. The firm’s liability as per return of income was Rs.
         15 million whereas tax assessed in the previous assessment was Rs. 18.7 million. (2)
      b) You are required to advise your client on the time by which the demand shown in the
         notice is payable, the time by which the appellate authority may be approached and the
         mandatory payment required for filing appeal. You are also required to advise on how the
         client could extend the date of payment of demand shown in the notice. (10) Spring2004

Q5    Briefly state the time limit for filing an Appeal/Reference before the following forums?

      a)     The Commissioner of Income-tax (Appeals). (01)
      b)     Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (01)
      c)      Reference to the High Court. (01)                                      Spring2004

Q6     A taxpayer can be represented by an Authorized Representative in a proceeding before any
      Income Tax Authority. You are required to list down the persons who can act as an
      Authorized Representative under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001. (03) Autumn2006

Q7     One of your clients has received a notice from the Taxation Officer demanding payment of
      tax in respect of an order issued by the Commissioner against which your client intends to file
      an appeal before the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal. You are required to explain the
      provisions contained in the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 regarding stay of demand by the
      Income Tax Appellate Tribunal. (06)                                       Autumn2006

Q7        Under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 a taxpayer can be represented by an Authorized
         Representative in a proceeding before the Income Tax Authority. You are required to list
         down the persons who:
      i.     can act as an Authorized Representative.
     ii.     are not allowed to represent a taxpayer in any proceedings before the Income Tax
             Authority. (05)                                                      Spring 2010


                                  Final Tax Regime
Q1     For assesses enjoying resident status, presumptive tax regime is applicable only on that
      earning business income. Comment (07)                                      Spring 2002
      PAC

Q2     List down the taxes deducted/collected at source which is treated as full and final discharge
      of tax liability? (07)                                                      Autumn2003

Q3     Under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001, tax imposed on non residents in respect of their
      incomes from Fees for Technical Services and Royalty shall be a final tax on the amount in
      respect of which the tax is imposed. State under what circumstances, such incomes of a non
      resident are not considered to be final tax liability. (04)                 Spring2006




                                      Sales tax
                               Sales Tax Definitions
 Q1 Elaborate the term ‘input tax’ as defined in the Sales Tax Act, 1990 (05) Autumn2002

 Q 2 Define the following in the light of Sales Tax Act, 1990:

      a)     Defaulter (02)
      b)     Due Date (02)
      c)     Similar supply (02)
      d)     Retail price (02)                                                     Spring2004

 Q3 Describe the category of goods on which sales tax is chargeable at Zero rate? (03)
                                                                              Autumn2004

 Q4 Define the following with reference to the Sales Tax Act, 1990?

      a)     Distributor (02)
      b)     Input-tax (04)
      c)     Manufacture (04)
      d)     Similar supply. (02)                                                 Autumn2004

 Q5 Define the following with reference to the Sales Tax Act, 1990:-

      a)     Associated person. (03)
      b)     Manufacturer or producer. (05)
      c)     Taxable supply. (02)                                                  Spring2005

 Q6 What impact would a change in rate of Sales-tax have in case of :

      a)     Supply of goods. (01)
      b)     Import of goods. (04)                                                 Spring2005

 Q7 Define ‘value of supply’ under the Sales Tax Act, 1990 for the following situations:

      a)     Consideration for a taxable supply is partly in kind and partly in money. (03)
      b)     Trade discounts. (02)                                                  Spring2005
     PAC

Q8 List down the exports which are outside the purview of zero rating under section 4 of the
Sales Tax Act, 1990. (03)                                                      Spring2006

Q9

     a)     What is the difference between zero-rated and exempt supplies? (04)
     b)     There shall be charged, levied and paid a tax known as sales tax at the rate of 15% of
            the value of taxable supplies made by a registered person in the course or furtherance
            of any taxable activity carried on by him; and goods imported into Pakistan. Explain
            the term “taxable supply” and “taxable activity” used in the above statement describing
            the scope of sales tax. (08)                                           Spring2007

Q10 Explain the following terms as given in the Sales Tax Act, 1990:

     a)     retailer(02)
     b)     distributor(02)
     c)     cottage industry(02)                                                       Spring2008




                                      Scope of Tax
Q1 Explain the term “time of supply" with reference to the Sales Tax Act 1990. (03) Spring 2002

Q2    Mr. Omar has recently registered himself under the Sales Tax Act 1990. He has written a
     letter enquiring the following in the light of the Sales Tax Act, 1990 * whether taxable supplies
     can be sold at discounted price

           whether sales tax is payable on discounted price or normal price
           whether discounts can be given at varying rates

     Please draft a suitable reply. (10)                                           Spring 2002

Q3 Explain the incidence of Sales Tax, if any, for exporters? (07)                Spring 2002

Q4

     a)     What is the significance of Third Schedule to the Sales Tax Act? (03)
     b)     Define ‘Retail Price’ in the context of Third Schedule of the Sales Tax Act (02)
     c)     Whether trade discount allowed on products covered under the Third Schedule will
            affect sales tax levied on such products. Give reasons in support of your answer (03)
                                                                                  Autumn2002

Q5
     PAC

     a)     Explain the term “Manufacture” as used in the Sales Tax Act 1990. (03)
     b)     Distinguish between the concept of ‘zero-rating’ and ‘exemption’ under the Sales Tax
            Act, 1990. (05)                                                      Spring2003

Q6 Define the following terms in the light of Sales Tax Act, 1990.

     a)     Manufacture or produce. (03)
     b)     Supply. (03)
     c)     Taxable activity. (03)                                               Autumn2003

Q7 Who are the persons liable to Turnover Tax and at what rate is the turnover tax payable? Are
   there any exceptions? (09)                                                Autumn2003

Q8 Briefly explain the uses of debit and credit notes under the Sales Tax Act. 1990 (04)
   Spring2004

Q9 Discuss the treatment provided under the Sales Tax Act, 1990 in respect of any ‘excess tax’
   collected from the customer. (03)                                        Autumn2004

Q10 In the monthly sales tax return filed under the Sales Tax Act, 1990, input tax paid for the
    month is adjusted against output tax payable. You are requested to comment on the
    following issues relating to input / output adjustment:

     a)     Can input tax paid in prior periods be claimed in a monthly tax return? (03)
     b)     What would happen, if input tax paid exceeds output tax payable for the month? (02)
     c)     What recourse is available if output tax for the month is inadvertently disclosed at a
            lesser amount? (03)                                                   Autumn2005

Q11 What is the precondition of claiming input tax against output tax by a registered person? (03)
                                                                                  Spring2005

Q12 With reference to Sales Tax Rules 2005 relating to the apportionment of input tax, explain the
    following:

     a)     Residual input tax
     b)     Manner of computation of residual input tax credit on taxable supplies
     c)     Concepts of provisional and final adjustment (09)                    Spring2006

Q13 Which date shall be considered as the date of payment of sales tax in the following cases:

     a)     Payment through cash or cheque (01)
     b)     Payment through pay order or bank draft (01)                           Spring2006

     Q14     Explain the provisions of section 26 of Sales Tax Act, 1990 with regard to the
            following:

     a)     Change in rate of tax during a tax period(02)
     b)     Voluntary revision of return (04)                                     Spring2006
PAC

Q15

a)      Where goods supplied are returned, the supplier is required to issue credit note. The
        buyer responds by issuing a debit note. You are required to specify the particulars to
        be mentioned on the debit note issued by the buyer. (06)
b)      Describe the circumstances under which a registered person shall not be able to claim
        or deduct input tax? (06)                                           Autumn2006

Q16

a)      How would the input tax on raw material be determined and claimed where a
        registered person is engaged in making taxable as well as exempt supplies? (06)
b)      A contract has been signed on May 20, 2006 by Mr. Pervez and Mr. Farooq . Both of
        them are registered persons. Under the contract, Mr. Pervez will supply branded
        computers to Mr. Farooq within two months. At the time of entering into contract, the
        goods were exempt from sales tax. Through the Finance Act, 2006, the Government
        withdrew this exemption with effect from July 1, 2006. 25% advance was paid on
        signing of contract and balance on the delivery of goods on July 15, 2006. Advise Mr.
        Pervez on the chargeability of sales tax. (03)                       Autumn2007

Q17

a)      Explain the concept of ‘Value of Supply’ under the Sales Tax Act, 1990. (08)
b)      Certain food items supplied by Pakistan Distributors (Pvt.) Ltd. (PDL) have been
        returned by the customers after the expiry date. PDL wishes to destroy them. Specify
        the procedure which would have to be followed in this regard. (04) Autumn2008

Q18      Sales Tax Act, 1990 places certain restrictions on adjustment of input tax. You are
        required to explain the related provisions in respect of the following:

        (i)     Extent of restriction on admissibility of input tax;
        (ii)    The conditions under which the amount of input tax which had been so
                restricted, may subsequently be allowed;
        (iii)   Treatment of sales tax paid on acquisition of fixed assets. (06)Spring2008

Q19      Where for any valid reason the value of supply or the amount of sales tax mentioned
        in the sales tax invoice issued has changed, the supplier shall issue Debit Note or a
        Credit Note. Discuss the rules relating to adjustment of input and output tax on
        issuance of Debit or Credit Note, as specified in the Sales Tax Rules, 2006. (06)
                                                                              Autumn 2009

Q19      List the type of exports which are outside the purview of zero rating. (03) Spring 2010

Q20

     a) State the situations when a registered person shall not be entitled to claim or deduct input tax
        under the Sales Tax Act, 1990                       (06)
PAC

     b) Mr. Rizwan, a sales tax registered person, is carrying on business in the name of Rizwan
        Enterprises. On February 15, 2010, he sold certain goods to his customer against which he
        intends to issue a credit note in the month of September 2010.

        Required:

        Explain whether Mr. Rizwan can issue the credit note in the month of September 2010,
        under the Sales Tax Rules, 2006.                   (04)

     c) Explain the provisions of Sales Tax Act, 1990 with regard to the following:

           i).     Change in rate of tax during a tax period   (04)

           ii).    Excess tax collected from the customer      (03)                   Autumn 2010




                                           Registration
Q1

      a)          Identify the persons required to be registered under the Sales Tax Act 1990. (03)
      b)          Under what circumstances is a registered person liable to be de-registered? Also
                  explain the procedure for de-registration. (07)
      c)          Explain the provisions relating to black listing and suspension of registration. (06)
                  Autumn2005

Q2     State under what circumstances the Collector of Sales-tax is empowered to black list a
      registered person? (02)                                             Spring2005

Q3    What are the circumstances in which a person registered under the Sales Tax Act,
      1990 may apply for cancellation of his registration? (03)          Autumn2007

Q4     List down the persons who are required to be registered under the Sales Tax Rules,
      2006. (05)                                                           Spring2007

Q5

a)    Under what circumstances can a person registered under the Sales Tax Act, 1990, be
      de-registered? (04)
b)    Narrate the circumstances under which, it becomes obligatory for a person to get
      registered under the Sales Tax Act, 1990. (04)                        Spring2008

Q6
a)      Identify the situations under which a person registered under the Sales Tax Act, 1990
        is liable to be de-registered. (04)
PAC

b)    Briefly explain the procedure for de-registration as specified by the Sales Tax Rules,
      2006. (03)
c)    Comment whether the following persons are required to be registered under the Sales
      Tax Act, 1990.
      (i)     Mr. Yahya is a wholesaler and his annual business turnover is Rs. 4.9 million.
      (ii)    Mr. Fazal is operating a general store and his monthly average turnover is Rs.
              0.4 million.
      (iii)   Mr. Ishaq is planning to import raw materials for business use. The annual
              imports are estimated at Rs. 3.0 million.
      (iv)    Mr. Pervez is a commercial exporter. All his business purchases are either
              exempt supplies or from unregistered suppliers.
      (v)     Mr. Farooq is a distributor of consumer goods and his annual turnover is Rs. 15
              million.
      (vi)    Mr. Rafiq is a manufacturer of candles. His turnover in last twelve tax periods
              was below Rs. 5 million. His utility bills during the same period were Rs.
              550,000. (06)                                                    Autumn 2009




                             Books and Records
Q1     The finance manager of ABC Ltd requests for an advice on ‘Tax Invoice’, please draft
      a suitable reply in the light of Sales Tax Act, 1990. (08)       Autumn2002

Q2    What is the minimum information required to be given on Sales Tax invoice? (05)
      Spring2003

Q3     List down the records that are required to be maintained by a person registered under
      the Sales Tax Act, 1990 and for what period the records are to be maintained? (05)
                                                                          Autumn2003

Q4

      a) Discuss the salient features of a tax invoice? (05)
      b) Who is permitted to issue a tax invoice? (02)
      c) State the period for which a person is required to maintain records for the purpose
         of sales tax.(02)                                                 Autumn2004

Q5     A registered person is required to maintain certain records under the Sales Tax Act,
      1990. You are required to:

      (i)     Explain the provisions relating to maintenance of records.
      (ii)    List down the records that are required to be maintained.
      (iii)   Specify the minimum period for which the records are required to be retained.
              (10)                                                        Autumn2006
     PAC

     Q6    Every registered person making a taxable supply is required to issue a tax invoice at
           the time of supply of goods. List down the particulars which are required to be
           contained in a sales tax invoice (04)                                 Autumn2007

     Q7    Mr. Kazim has recently started a business and has been registered under the Sales
           Tax Act, 1990. You are required to explain to him the provisions of Sales Tax Act,
           1990 relating to maintenance and retention of records.(10)           Autumn2008

     Q8    A registered person making a taxable supply has to issue a tax invoice at the time of
           supply of goods. What are the particulars that are required to be mentioned on the
           invoice? (03)                                                       Spring2008

     Q9    State the provisions of Sales Tax Act, 1990 relating to maintenance and retention of
           records by a registered person making taxable supplies. (09)        Spring 2010


                                          Returns
     Q1    Who is required to file a final return under the Sales Tax Act, 1990? When is it
           required to be filed? (02)                                             Spring2005

     Q2    Revision of return during audit or after issuance of a show cause notice by the
           department. (04)                                                      Spring2006

     Q3    Describe the provisions of the Sales Tax Act, 1990 relating to filing of retail tax return
           and revision of retail tax return by a registered retailer.(06)        Autumn2007



     Q4    Under the Sales Tax Rules, 2006 the Federal Board of Revenue has prescribed
           certain rules for filing the electronic return. You are required to briefly explain these
           rules. (06)                                                               Autumn2008



                                    Miscellaneous
Q1    Mr. Ahmed is a senior executive of a company and has opted for an ‘Employee Share
     Scheme’, announced by the company. As per the scheme, the shares are compulsorily
     retained in a Trust and time of free right to transfer has not arrived. However, the shares
     have been issued and he enjoys all rights of ownership. During the retention period, he has
     received dividends and bonus shares.

     Comment on the chargeability of income tax on dividends and bonus shares received by him.
     (03)                                                                    Spring2006
     PAC

Q2    One of your clients, Japan and Company, a partnership having three partners, has sent you
     its financial statements for the year ended June 30, 2006. Following items are appearing
     under the head ‘Other income’:

     (i)     Accounting profit on disposal of fixed assets.
     (ii)    Reversal of provision for doubtful debts pertaining to the year ended June 30, 2004.
     (iii)   Dividend received from a listed company.
     (iv)    Profit on debt.

     You are required to explain with reasons as to how the above items will be treated in the
     computation of taxable income. (04)                                          Autumn2006

Q3

     a)       Describe the conditions mentioned in the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 under which a
              loan will be classified as a ‘consumer loan’. (04)
     b)       Explain the relevant provisions of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 regarding
              applicability of minimum tax. (05)                                Autumn2006

     Q4

     a)       Any income arising from any asset transferred by a person to his spouse is to be
              treated as income of the transferor. Describe the circumstances under which this rule
              shall not be applicable. (03)
     b)       A transfer deed has been executed by Mr. Euro in favour of Mr. Dirham. The deed
              contains a clause under which the assets will be given back to Mr. Euro after three
              years. Explain the tax obligation in respect of income generated by the transferred
              assets during this period. (02)
     c)       A literary work was completed by an author in thirty months. He received a lump sum
              amount of Rs. 3.0 million as royalty, on March 31, 2006. Explain the tax implication for
              the author. (03)                                                     Autumn2006

Q5    Mr. Anil is constructing his house and for the purpose of meeting construction expenses, he
     intends to take a personal loan of Rs. 500,000 from Mr. Kamran who is in the business of
     money lending. He has been advised by one of his friends that such a loan may be included
     in his taxable income, under certain circumstances. You are required to advise Mr. Anil about
     the circumstances under which the loan may be included in his taxable income. (04)
     Spring2008

Q6    There are various situations in the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 when the rules applicable to
     Companies are different from those applicable to other assesses. Briefly discuss the
     differences in the tax laws for an Individual and a Company in the following cases:

     a)       Dividend income
     b)       Rental income
     c)       Method of accounting
     d)       Payment for sale of goods or rendering of services (08)   Spring2008

								
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