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									Environmental Justice in
Bayview Hunters Point
      “Its not another planet, its part of San Francisco”--
      Mel Washington, Black Chamber of Commerce
                             Sarah Glanville
          Urban studies 515, Race Poverty and the Environment
  Professor Rivera Pinderhughes, Urban Studies, Environmental Studies
                               Spring 2004
  All materials herein may be used by the public provided the author of
         The presentation and Professor Pinderhughes are cited.
This presentation will explore environmental justice issues in
Bayview/Hunters Point. It is important to recognize the
combined effects of various sources of institutionalized
racism both historical and present, in order to develop a sense
of their combined impact on the community.
Though I could have focused on another polluter, such as
PG&E--which is responsible for much of the air pollution in
the area-- I have chosen to place a particular focus on the
Hunters Point Shipyard (HPS).
The community struggle to address the issues surrounding the
transfer of HPS from the Navy to the City of San Francisco
presents a strong example of the strategies employed by
various individuals and groups who are challenging
institutional harm to the social, economic and physical well
being of the Bayview/Hunters Point community.
Overview
                                                           QuickTime™ and a
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                                online.sfsu.edu/~j667/images/ project1961_small.jp




 This presentation will begin with a description of the
 demographics of Hunters Point. It will then proceed to a
 brief historical overview of the Hunters Point/Bayview
 area, followed by a discussion of environmental, social,
 and health concerns in the area, and conclude with a
 discussion of the issues surrounding the transfer of Hunters
 Point Naval Base (HPS) to the City of San Francisco.
               Introduction to                                            Quic kTime™ and a
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            Bayview Hunters Point
                                                www.mjtobin.com/city_maps/ india_hunterspt_map.htm
The community of Bayview Hunters Point battles the
sort of environmental inequities which are a deadly
feature of many communities of color in the US.
          This San Francisco neighborhood, which is host to most of the
          city’s waste facilities and much of its remaining heavy industry,
          has some of the highest asthma and cancer rates in the state of
          California. In addition, the neighborhood, which has historically
          depended on industry as the base of its economy has been
          especially hard hit by the loss of this economy over the last few
          decades and the frequent failure of those industries present to hire
          within the community.
                Demographics
   From the 1999 Community Survey of the Bayview
   Hunters Point Health and Environmental
   Taskforce:

   Age: 0-17=37% 18-64 =53% 65 and over =10%
Race: African American = 69% Asian/Pacific Islander=16%
     White = 6% Yearly Household Income (in thousands):
               <15= 36%
        15-30 =22%        >50,000 = 17%
         Respondents reported “no adults working”
         in 35% of households surveyed
             Historical Overview



                                  www.islaiscreek.org/ oldphotosHPNSpart1.html

Originally inhabited by the Muwekma Ohlone, the area was dubbed
“La Punta Concha” when the Spaniards arrived in 1775.
 In 1834 The area was purchased by Jose Bernal and used for
 cattle ranching. Hunters Point Shipyard was established in 1868 by
the California Drydock Company as the first drydock for commercial
use on the West Coast.
The southern area of Bayview was referred to as Butchertown
   “Well, now, in my day, Butcher Town was basically near
from 1868 through the 1950’s.
    where, I believe, an Embassy Suites Hotel stands today.
At this time there was a diverse population which included
    Roughly speaking
Italian Americans, near Grand Avenue and Highway 101.
    On the bay side of the highway. My first experience with
 Irish Americans, and, after WWII, African Americans.
    Butcher Town came early in ‘rodeo’
Archival photos show an active the 1950's. We sold some
    livestock there pigs, calves. That's when both Armor Meat
 culture as well as stockyards, tanneries and of course butchers.
    Packing and Swift Meat Packing Companies were
Anecdotal evidence about this period is fascinating. still in
    town. I was in the 4H then”. -- Gary Greg Leach
    (zpub.com)




                                      http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/tf3489p14m
                                                                                     "When Sam Jordan, 73,
                                                                                     the former boxer now
                                                                                     known as the mayor of
                                                                                     Butchertown,
                                                                                     established his historic
                                                                                     saloon in 1959, he'd
http://ark.cdlib.org/?mode=conten                                                    open the door onto
t&relation=oac.cdlib.org&search
=butcher%2Btown&x=11&y=13                                                            Third Street and find
                                                                                     steers staring him in the
                                                                                     face.

                                    www.sfbayview.com/070203/samjordan070203.shtml
 'Everything has moved on,' said his wife,
  Ruth Jordan. ‘Redevelopment drove out the
  last three slaughterhouses in 1969, The City
  changed the area's name and now nothing is
  left, save the words 'Welcome to
  Butchertown' etched in the sidewalk outside
  Sam Jordan's" --SF Chronicle 1998                                              http://ark.cdlib.org/?mode=content&relation=oac.cd
                                                                                 lib.org&search=butcher%2Btown&x=11&y=13
www.sfplhttp://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedi
a/sfphotos/AAB-8927.jpg , Bob Warren




                                            www.communitywindowontheshipyard.org/cleanupguide/index.htm


        The Hunters Point Shipyard was central to the Bayview-
        Hunter’s Point neighborhood’s industry-based economy,
        especially after the nineteen- forties, when African
        Americans migrated to the Bay Area in great numbers in
        order to take advantage of the jobs created
        by WWII.
                 http://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedia/sfphotos/AAB-9014.jpg

June 25, 1963, "AFTER LUNCH--It's either volleyball, softball or
baseball for many of the workmen after they finish eating lunch and
before the whistle blows that sends them back to their jobs aboard
ship or in one of the many shops. In background is the dominating
world's largest crane, big enough to lift battleship turrets.”-- Local
News Release
                              www.shapingsf.org/.../afamerican/ inmigration.html



Women sewing cotton-washer grommets to be used in submarines
Written on back: "The new million dollar building of the
U.S. Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory at San
Francisco. This building is a 6-story structure of reinforced
concrete, designed without windows for maximum
protection from atomic detonations. This construction also
provides more usable wall space and reduced construction
and maintenance costs. It has many other modern features
including movable metal inside partitions to provide
flexibility; ventilation system specially designed for a
scientific laboratory; and a rooftop cafeteria with an
unobstructed view of San Francisco Bay.”-- Oct.15,1955
                              http://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedia/sfphotos/AAB-9017.jpg
       From 1939-1960s the Us Navy was involved in
       three types of activities which resulted in the
       radiological contamination of HPS. These
       activities were :
1) The Decontamination of ships involved in atomic weapons testing;
notably those returning from “Operation Crossroads,” in which the
Navy removed people from the Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands
and proceeded to bomb it. The stated purpose was to test the effects of
radiation on Naval ships in the area.

   2) Conducting research and development activities at the Naval
   Radiological Defense Laboratory

        3) The use of radioactive materials in shipyard activities such as
        painting radio luminescent dials for night-vision.
However condemnable many of their activities were, there is no question
that the presence of the Navy contributed to the economy of the
neighborhood.




    http://sflib1.sfpl.org:82/search/XBayview&SORT=D/XBayview&SORT=
    D&extended=0/1,26,26,B/frameset&FF=XBayview&SORT=D&12,12,


        Third St.between Quesada and Rivere, June 17, 1944,:
        "Here's one of the real boom districts of the city - the
        Bayview. Photo was taken looking along Third-st toward
        Quesada from Revere-St. Third was made nice and wide to
        handle some of the heavy traffic to and from the Bayshore
        Highway, anyway, and someday it'll be handling a lot
        more cars than are visible now."
        -- Local News Release
  Post War Flight of Industry
After WWII, the slow down of shipping in San Francisco,
new zoning laws and other economic factors began to
undermine the economic resources of Bayview/Hunters
Point.This reality was accompanied by a systemic pattern of
institutionalized racism present in many other cities across
the U.S.
Working class whites, who had a longer period in which to
establish themselves economically, left the community. In
many cases they received FHA housing grants in the
suburbs (grants which were systematically denied to African
Americans).
Simultaneously, disastrous redevelopment projects razed
homes in the Fillmore and ‘relocated’ hundreds of African
American families to Hunters Point.
  Keith and Jennings,1964 Alan J. Canterberry (http://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedia/sfphotos/AAB-8932.jpg)
                               Muni map showing bus lines in Bayview Hunters Point.
                               The populated area southeastof the freeway has only two
                               sparsely routed lines.Notable is the lack of a line down
                               Cesar Chavez that could connect residents
                                to BART and the city’s north end.
                               (http://www.sfmuni.com/maps/indxmaps.htm)




Additionally, the 1950s Interstate Highway Program
played a part in isolating the community when the building
of Highway 101 in 1952 effectively cut the neighborhood
off from the rest of San Francisco. The failure of MUNI
and BART to offer reasonable routes connecting HP to
important hubs further exacerbated the community's
isolation.
                            The community battled to prevent the
                            construction of yet another project, the
                            Southern Freeway, which was intended to
                            handle El Camino Real traffic to the
                            Bayshore. The Southern Freeway was
                            constructed in 1958. www.sanfrancisco.cahighways.org

http://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedia/sfphotos/AAB-0575.jpg


"Another move in the Bayview Southern Baptist Church's
fight to force a change in the Southern Freeway route was
taken today. The international distress signal of the
American flag flying upside down is intended to marshal
public opinion to halt taking of church property for the
freeway. Marshall A. DeVaughn is pastor of the $80,000
church built in 1954.”-- SF News Call, Photo by Sid Tate
                   N




     W                          E


                                    http://www.arcecology.org/HuntersPoint.shtml

                    S
After reduced activity for years, the shipyard at Hunters Point
officially ceased to be active 1974, after serving the West
Coast's shipbuilding and repair demands for over 100 years.
The closure had a dual impact on the Bayview/Hunters Point
community; it left 7,000 unemployed workers in its wake as
well as land so toxic as to be declared San Francisco’s only
Superfund site in 1989.
… the structural injustices in the neighborhood have
been apparent to residents for a long time….
  In September 1966, the shooting of an unarmed sixteen
  year old boy by a police officer outraged San Francisco’s
  African American community. Rioting spread from
  Hunters Point to the Fillmore. When the Mayor Shelly
  attempted to address a gathering angry crowd with a
  megaphone, the reply from someone in the crowd came:
  “Where have you been for the last four years, baby?”
  As the result of a class discussion in the wake of the
  shooting, a group of local public school children
  proposed their own plan for the improvement of Bayview
  Hunters Point. The children in the 1966 project, "Hunters
  Point redeveloped, a sixth-grade venture" made insightful
  connections between the institutional problems of access to
  food, healthcare and transportation in Hunters Point, and
  the social injustices being faced by the residents of the
  neighborhood.                                    http://www.mastamind.com/HP.htm
             1970, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, NEA




Though this plan’s proposal for a zoo in the center of the neighborhood
might be humorous from an adult perspective,the children have insight
that should give city planners pause. The plan includes stores,
a housing cooperative, a hospital, several schools,
a senior center, a “ Cultural Trade Center” high and low income housing
… and a BART station.
                1970, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, NEA


It is disturbing to realize that the issues of poor
transportation, the lack of a grocery store, and police
violence against children are all still as problematic 2004
as they were in 1966.
    Toxins and Health Impacts




         Key to EPA http://www.epa.gov/earthday/wme.htm “Window to My
         Environment” map:
         toxic waste: green; water contamination:red; Superfund:
A look at this EPA map shows that though HPS is the only
         yellow
Superfund site in Bayview Hunters Point, the area is full of
industrial sites which produce chemicals that contribute to
the disproportionate location of toxins in Bayview/HP.
According to Environmental Defense, Bayview Hunters
Point houses one-third of San Francisco’s hazardous waste
sites. The health impacts of these sites are profound.
In his article “Toxicity” Dr. Lew Brenneman summarized the findings of a 1


        The "Large Quantity" polluters generate more than 1,000
        kilograms per month of hazardous wastes and include PG&E
        Plants, the Shipyard, and 27 other facilities. There are 9 of
        these polluters whose leaking storage tanks are merely being
        "tracked" by the San Francisco Department
        of Public Health and CALSITES.

              There are 51 facilities which have reported
              leaks or spills, but these are either in
              "studying" mode, or are "in the process" of
              clean up and are only being "tracked." The
              cases of another 20 facilities have been
              "closed."
                                                         According to the EPA,
                                                          Industry produces more
                                                         Hunters Point has the highest
                                                          particulate matter in Hunters
                                                         levels of Nitrogen Dioxide
                                                          Point than in any other
                                                         and Sulfur Dioxide
                                                          neighborhood in San
                                                         Emissions in San
                                                          Francisco. It also has the
                                                         Francisco. These toxins
                                                          highest hospitalization rates
                                                         cause asthma and other
                                                          for asthma.
                                                         respiratory problems.

EPA Maps of Pollution in Potrero Hill/Hunters Point
(http://www.islaiscreek.com/AirPollutionSoutheast.jpg)


Not only does contemporary industry pollute the area, but a
century’s worth of pollution from industries which are no longer
active have left residual contamination in their wake. In addition,
the area’s two freeways significantly impact the neighborhood’s air
quality
Percent of Retention




                                            Particle size, (microns)
       This chart illustrates how efficiently small particles of air pollution
       are absorbed by the lungs into the human body. According to the
       EPA, industrial sites in the Bayview hunters Point Area released
       over 20 tons of particulate matter in the year 2000.
According to Environmental Defense, the Bayview Hunters
Point environment has four times as many ambient toxins as
all other neighborhoods in the city, as well as four times the
state rate of hospitalization for chronic diseases such as
asthma.




                                    http://www.noprescriptionmeds.com/images/doctor.jpg

The high rate of hospitalization in Hunters Point can be
explained not only by the impact of environmental
conditions, but also by a lack of access to medical care in
the community. This is described in two separate studies
by Dr. Kevin Grumbach of UCSF as both a lack of
physical access to facilities which could offer routine care,
as well as a lack of access to the health insurance which
would pay for it.
                                                                  Lead
                                                      Arsenic
                                                            Cadmium* Carbon monoxide
                                               Nickel
                            Chromium*                                        Mercury*

                                                                            Manganese*, Lead
                          Fluoride, Selenium
                                                                             Methyl mercury
                                                                             Cobalt , Iodine 131

  Manganese*, Magnesium*, Beryllium, Zinc                                   Sulfur oxides, Ammonia, cadmium
                     Carbon monoxide                                         Ozone, Nitrogen oxides, Peroxyacetyl nitrate

                          Cobalt, Asbestos                                    Nickel Carbonyl, Hydrogen sulfide
    Selenium,Chlorinated hydrocarbons
                                                                              Fluoride, Lead, Strontium 90
                     Mercury*, Cadmium
                                                                             Zinc, Lead, Arsenic* , Fluoride, Vanadium

Arsenic* , Beryllium*, Nickel*, Chromium*
                                                                               Chlorinated hydrocarbons

                                *Pollutants in blue are found at
                           Fluoride

                       Cadmium*
                                HPS in levels that exceed safety.
                                Chromium, which is a skin and
                                mucus membrane irritant, is found
              A                 at levels and their Targets
                      few Toxins13x what is considered
                                safe.
Attempts have been made to track the effects of specific
toxins. Physicians for Social Justice member and HPS
Radiological Subcommittee director Dr. Ahimsa Porter
Sumchai remarks, “In January of 2001, a group of
concerned scientist-activists applied for grant funds from
the San Francisco Department of the Environment to test
for benzene in the urine and lead in the blood of
children enrolled in a neighborhood school where
independent air monitoring studies documented the
presence of volatile organic compounds, including
benzene, in concentrations that cause cancer, are
neurotoxic and irritate the respiratory system. The
incidence of childhood asthma at Dr.George Washington
Carver Academic Elementary School approaches 25
percent”.
                    Asthma


Asthma affects more than 17 million Americans, including
                                    Hunters Point the
5 million children. In the Bayviewwww.epa.gov/air/urbanair/ so2/chf1.html
estimated rate of asthma sufferers is almost double the
national rate. The study “Asthma in Bayview Hunters
Point,” highlights the asthma epidemic in this
neighborhood of the city. According to the study, a recent
survey found a full 10 percent of Bayview Hunters Point
residents reported having asthma. For children, the rate
was reported at more than 15 percent. Furthermore, from
1991-1994, the asthma hospitalization rate for children in
Bayview Hunters Point (ages 0-14) was 781 per 100,000,
compared to 355 per 100,000 for San Francisco residents
               Other Health Issues

   Asthma is only one health issue in Bayview Hunters Point. In
   addition, studies have shown extremely elevated cases of
   breast cancer and heart disease. Both have been linked by
   numerous studies to pollutants present in the area.


"The evidence linking toxic chemicals to breast cancer is very
real and cannot be ignored," said Dr. Philip Lee, professor emeritus
at UCSF and former Assistant Secretary of Health & Human
Services under Presidents Clinton and Johnson.
                                            Redevelopment




     http://www.hunterspointshipyard.com/




   On the surface, the transfer and redevelopment of HPS
   might look like a good idea. Geographically, the site is
   perfect for development. As the largest tract of fallow land
   in the city, the HPS has great potential value to the
   community. A higher density commercial and residential
   development might play a part in revitalizing this location,
   which, after the shipyards closure in 1974 has come to
   represent the loss of
www.arcecology.org/ YSWRP_Nutshell.shtml the neighborhood's economic stability.
   Since its inception, the process of cleaning and transferring
   HPS has been slowed by disagreements and litigation
   between the Navy and the EPA, and the difficulty of
   drafting an agreement that would expedite the transfer
   without releasing the Navy from its responsibility to clean
   the site thoroughly.

  However, the citizens of Bayview Hunters Point have well founded
  suspicions of an overly eager redevelopment project that would only
 serve to further harm their community.

The community is wary that the redevelopment agency and
planning commission ( who had already chosen massive Florida Based
developer Lennar) would accept a "dirty" transfer from the Navy. They
 fear Lennar will develop housing they can not afford (without hiring
them) on land that would continue to poison them.
                               Quic kTime™ and a
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    Members of Communities for a Better Environment, left to right: Organizer Mike Thomas, Bayview Hunters Point
 residents Vivan Donahue and Lynne Brown. Photo by Tom Lee (www.asianweek.com/2000_07_13/ section_bay.html.)




A 2000 study by Communities for a Better Environment
  found that 50 percent of households in the Bayview could
  not afford even Lennar’s proposed "very low income"
  units, much less the standard "affordable" ones.
In a strategic move In November of 2000, San Francisco
voters passed Proposition P, which requires that the Navy
clean the site to "the highest practicable standards." The
proposition is designed to ensure that the Navy is
responsible for cleaning the land before it can be tranfered
and developed. The activism and vigilance of the
community has played a profound role in ensuring the
thorough cleanup of HPS,and there have been many
individuals and groups involved in encouraging a thorough
and responsible cleanup.
                     QuickTime™ an d a
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            online.sfsu.edu/~j667/images/ project1961_small.jp

But the vigilance of concerned groups and individuals
continues to be required to ensure that "the highest
practicable standards" are actually met. One of the
individuals who has been vigilant in her watch is Dr.
Ahimsa Porter Sumchai, head of the radiological
assessment subcommittee and member of Physicians for
social Responsibility. She has been particularly concerned
about the radiological contamination in buildings 816 (The
Radiological Research Laboratory) and 821 on parcel A.
Dr. Porter Sumchai notes that though both buildings were
cleared in the last two years by the California Department
of Health Services using a Nuclear Regulatory
Commission (NRC) standard of a 25 millirem per year
which is a far more lax standard of measurement than the
15 millirem per year dose limit recommended by Region
IX EPA (radiological worker).
She states that this represents a violation of proposition
"P."
                  Conclusion
The community of Bayview hunters Point has been
struggling with institutionalized racism for decades. From
the placement of many of the cities waste management and
power plants to the routing of its freeways and
transportation, to the neglect of cleanup at a Superfund
site, this neighborhood has suffered an unjust
environmental and social burden at the hands of various
branches of government. The impacts have been profound.
This presentation barely touches the surface of the
environmental justice issues in Bayview Hunters Point.
Please use these resources to learn more.
 1.
 2.                           Photo Credits
       online.sfsu.edu/~j667/images/ project1961_small.jp
       www.mjtobin.com/city_maps/ india_hunterspt_map.htm

In order of appearance:
 3.
 4.
       www.islaiscreek.org/ oldphotosHPNSpart1.html
        http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/tf3489p14m/
 5.    http://ark.cdlib.org/?mode=content&relation=oac.cdlib.org&search=butcher%2Btown&x=11&y=13
 6.    http://ark.cdlib.org/?mode=content&relation=oac.cdlib.org&search=butcher%2Btown&x=11&y=13
 7.    http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/tf3489p14m/
 8.    www.sfbayview.com/070203/samjordan070203.shtml
 9.    www.sfplhttp://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedia/sfphotos/AAB-8927.jpg
 10.   www.communitywindowontheshipyard.org/cleanupguide/index.htm
 11.   http://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedia/sfphotos/AAB-9014.jpg
 12.   www.shapingsf.org/.../afamerican/ inmigration.html
 13.   http://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedia/sfphotos/AAB-9017.jpg
 14.   http://sflib1.sfpl.org:82/search/XBayview
 15.   “Keith and Jennings”,1964 Alan J. Canterberry (http://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedia/sfphotos/AAB-8932.jpg)
 16.   http://www.sfmuni.com/maps/indxmaps.htm)
 17.   http://webbie1.sfpl.org/multimedia/sfphotos/AAB-0575.jpg
 18.   http://www.arcecology.org/HuntersPoint.shtml
 19.   http://www.mastamind.com/HP.htm
 20.   1970, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, NEA (see references)
 21.   1970, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, NEA (see references)
 22.   http://www.epa.gov/earthday/wme.htm
 23.   http://www.islaiscreek.com/AirPollutionSoutheast.jpg)
 24.   particles p207 Health Effects of Environmental Pollutants (see references)
 25.   http://www.noprescriptionmeds.com/images/doctor.jpg
 26.   human body p81 Health Effects of Environmental Pollutants (see references)
 27.   www.epa.gov/air/urbanair/ so2/chf1.html
 28.   lungs p66 Health Effects of Environmental Pollutants (see references)
 29.   www.arcecology.org/ YSWRP_Nutshell.shtml
 30.   www.asianweek.com/2000_07_13/ section_bay.html.)
                       References
1.    Arc Ecology http://www.communitywindowontheshipyard.org/
2.    Bach, Eve ,’03, “Hunters Point Shipyard Conveyance Agreement: A Summery from a
      Community Perspective” www.arcecology.org
3.    Bay View Hunters Point Project Area Committee (PAC), www.bvhp-pac.org
4.    Bindman AB,Grumbach K,Osmond D,Komaromy M,Vranizan K,Lurie N,Billings J,Stewart
      A. Preventable hospitalizations and access to health care [see comments]. Jama.
      1995;274(4):305-1
5.    Tiny and Bolden, Joseph "Police Commission rules child abusing MLK Day Cops must Face
      Disciplinary Hearing", Bayview Times 4/14/04
6.    Braithwaite,Romald L., Taylor, Sandra E. Austin, John N. Building Heath Coalitions in the
      Black Community, Oakland C.A., 2000
7.    Dr. Lew Brenneman "ToxiCity" --link to article is no longer available, but numerous citations
      can be searched
8.    Communities for a Better Environmentwww.cbecal.org/copyright/index.shtml
9.    Davis, Lisa "Radioactive Waste" IRE Journal, Vol. 25 Issue 4, (2002), p20D
10.   Kevin Epps http://www.mastamind.com/HP.htm
11.   EPA superfund maps,www.EPA.gov
12.   http://healthyamericans.org/reports/files/cacasestudy.pdf
13.   Howard, Brian "Bayview Blues" The Environmental Magazine J, Vol. 13 Issue 1, (2002)p18,
14.   HUD industry maps www.HUD.gov
15.   Leeper, Robert R. O'Neill, Mary Albert Eds. "Hunters Point redeveloped, a sixth-grade
      venture" Washington; Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, (1968)
16.   Lennar/BVHP Partners
17.   Maleshefski, Tiffany, 01/21/03 “Residents balk at Hunters Point Shipyard Plan” San
      Francisco Examiner
18.   Meredith Minkler Nina Wallerstein Eds; foreword by Budd Hall. Community based
      participatory research for health San Francisco, CA (2003)
                          References
19. San Francisco Public Utilities commission, “From Past to Present: Hunters Point Shipyard”   www.sfpuc.org

20. U.S. Department of the Navy Engineering Field Activity West [and] City & County of San Francisco
               Planning Department/San Francisco Redevelopment Agency. "Draft environmental impact
               statement/environmental impact report (DEIS/DEIR) for the disposal and reuse of the former
               Naval Shipyard Hunters Point" U.S. Navy, Engineering Field Activity West (1997)
21. U.S. Department of the Navy Southwest Division, Naval Facilities Engineering Command. Final
 environmental impact statement for the disposal and reuse of Hunters Point Shipyard" San Diego, Calif.
(2000)
22. Porter Sumchai, Ahimsa M.D. “Developer Lennar Fears Health Risk of Lax Radiation Standards,”
Bayview.com 4/14/04
23. Porter Sumchai, Ahimsa M.D. 12/11/02 “Showdown at the Shipyard” SF Bayview. Com (1-3)
24. Porter Sumchai Ahimsa M.D. "Biomonitoring", SF Bayview.Com
25. Rosenbaum, David B "Bay Area Base Cleanup is Low-Tech, High Anxiety" ENR: Engineering News-
Record Vol. 241 (98) p32.
25. Savitz, Davis A., Steenlandd, Kyle Topics in Environmental Epidemiology NY, Oxford, 1997
                          Public Meetings
                    Courtesy of Arc Ecology


Restoration Advisory Board
The Restoration Advisory Board (RAB) is composed of representatives from the community, regulatory agencies
and the Navy. The RAB meets monthly to discuss Hunters Point Shipyard clean up issues. They send out an
excellent quarterly newsletter and have a document repositories at the San Francisco Main Library as well as the Bayview Anna E.

Meeting Location:
Bayview Police Station Community Room
201 Williams Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94124

Meetings are held on the fourth Thursday of each month
from 6:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m.

Contact person: Keith Foreman
Base Realignment and Closure Environmental Coordinator
and RAB Navy Co-chair
Voicemail: 650/244-3144
                                     Public Meetings
                   Courtesy of Arc Ecology
San Francisco Redevelopment Agency
Hunters Point Shipyard Messages
Redevelopment Agency Commission
Periodically, there will be Shipyard issues heard at the Commission meetings. Ask for Commission Secretary
     ErwinTanjuaquio at 749-2400 for updated information.

•    Meeting Location:
•    San Francisco City Hall
•    1 Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place, Room 416
•    San Francisco, CA 94102

•    Meetings are held every Tuesday at 4:00

•    Location and schedule are subject to change.

•    HPS Citizen"s Advisory Committee
•    Meeting Location:
•    Southeast Community Facility
•    Alex Pitcher Community Room
•    1800 Oakdale
•    San Francisco, CA 94124

•    CAC Secretary: Cassandra Tompkins
•    Phone: 415/822-4622
•    Fax: 415/822-4840
                                            Public Meetings
                         Courtesy of Arc Ecology

•   Community First Coalition (CFC) Meetings

•   Anna E Walden Library
•   5075 Third Street

•   For more information:
•   Email: Maurice Campbell
•   mecsoft@pacbell.net
•   ------------------------------------------------------------------------

•   BVHP Project Advisory Committee (PAC) Meetings

•   The Southeast Facility
•   Conference Room 5
•   1800 Oakdale Avenue, Suite B

•   For more information:
•   (415) 647-1110 or email: bvhp-pac@pacbell.net
•   website: www.bvhp-pac.org
                                   More Resources
•   http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/what_we_do/toxics/problems/index.cfm
•   For more information on a specific chemical, visit www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaq.html
•   You can visit the following Navy web site for information on the original draft HRA and updates on the current
    investigation: http://www.efdsw.navfac.navy.mil/Environmental/Pages/hpHRA.htm

•   For more information about the history of NRDL activities at Hunters Point, read Lisa Davis' "Fallout" series in SF
    Weekly: http://www.sfweekly.com/issues/2002-07-31/feature.html/1/index.html

•   U.S. EPA Office of Air and Radiation
•   The Health Physics Society of the University of Michigan
•   http://www.communitywindowontheshipyard.org/cleanupguide/map_parcels.htm maps of parcels and the specific
    contaminants contained on each
•   http://users.lmi.net/~wilworks/immune/toxicity.htm URL for “Toxicity” article
•   http://users.lmi.net/~wilworks/immune/eiis.htm also Brenneman, a succinct discussion on environmental illness
•   http://www.indybay.org/print.php?id=1673523 Original article is at
    http://www.indybay.org/news/2004/03/1673523.php Print comments.
•   “Will the PAC and Redevelopment move us out?”
•   by Maurice Campbell and Barbara George Monday, Mar. 15, 2004 at 1:30 AM
•   mecsoft@pacbell.net 415 468-8964
•   http://mecresources.com/SFGov%20Superior%20Court%20Hunters%20Point%20Naval%20Shipyard,%20released%
    20June%202002.htm excellent timeline and explanation of coordination problems and mistrust
•   http://www.hunterspointshipyard.com/cac.html Mayor selected advisory committee
•   http://www.sfbayview.com/051204/riotact051204.shtml PG&E article community reaction to continued presence of
    polluting plant
                                More Resources
http://www.hunterspointshipyard.com/pdfs/HPNS_Convenyance_Agreement.pdf
http://www.bvhp-pac.org/about_history.htm#tools lists historic redevelopment plans etc
http://www.mastamind.com/HP.htm excellent timeline EJ social issues in HP
http://mecresources.com/environment.htm big clearing house of links/info
http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/what_we_do/toxics/problems/index.cfm
http://www.lejyouth.org/about.htm Literacy for Environmental Justice
http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/what_we_do/toxics/problems/index.cfm
youthenvision@lejyouth.org for more info on youth EJ volunteer opportunities
http://www.panda.org/about_wwf/what_we_do/toxics/problems/index.cfm
                     Thanks

•   Arc Ecology
•   Stephanie Brown
•   Meridith M Eliassen
•   Raquel Pinderhughes
•   The Anna E.Walden Public Library

								
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