Hazard Communication Standard Subpart

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					Occupational Safety and Health Course for
        Healthcare Professionals
   Recognize the purpose of the hazard
    communication standard.
   Describe the components of a hazard
    communication program.
   Discuss the application of this standard in
    healthcare settings.
   About 32 million workers work with and are
    potentially exposed to one or more chemical
   There are approximately 650,000 existing
    chemical products, and hundreds of new ones
    being introduced annually.
   Chemical exposure may cause or contribute to
    many serious health effects such as heart
    ailments, central nervous system damage, kidney
    and lung damage, sterility, cancer, burns, and
   Some chemicals may also be safety hazards and
    have the potential to cause fires and explosions.
1. To make sure that the hazards of
 chemicals are evaluated.
2. To assure that the information
 concerning the hazards is
 communicated to employers and
   A hazardous chemical, as defined by the Hazard
    Communication Standard (HCS), is any chemical
    which can cause a physical or a health hazard.
   This determination is made by the chemical
    manufacturer, as described in 29 CFR
   OSHA’s Hazard Communication (HazCom) standard
    applies to general industry, shipyard, marine terminals,
    longshoring, and construction employment and covers
    chemical manufacturers, importers, employers, and
    employees exposed to chemical hazards.

   The Hazard Communication
    Standard (HCS) is based on a
    simple concept--that employees
    have both a need and a right to
    know the hazards and identities
    of the chemicals they are
    exposed to when working.
   Employees need to know what protective measures are
    available to prevent adverse effects from occurring.
   The HCS is designed to provide employees with the
    information they need.

   Employers are required to provide information to
    employees about the hazardous chemicals to which they
    are exposed using:

    ◦   A hazard communication program
    ◦   Labels and other forms of warnings
    ◦   Material safety data sheets (MSDS)
    ◦   Information and education.
               Standard Exemptions
• Any hazardous waste subject to regulations issued under that
  Act by the Environmental Protection Agency;
• Tobacco or tobacco products;
• Wood or wood products, that the only hazard they pose to
  employees is the potential for flammability or combustibility
  (wood treated with covered chemicals are not exempt);
• Drugs, cosmetics, consumer products, nuisance particulates
  that pose no hazard, radiation, and biological agents.
   Employers must develop a written program that covers
    at least:
    ◦ Labels and other forms of warnings
    ◦ Material Safety Data Sheets
    ◦ Employee Information and Training
   All workplaces where employees are
    exposed to hazardous chemicals must
    have a written plan.

   The plan does not have to be lengthy

    or complicated.
   The written program must cover at least:
    ◦ A list of the hazardous chemicals known to be present at the
      facility along with MSDS’s for each chemical.
    ◦ The methods the employer will use to inform employees
      of the hazards non-routine tasks.
    ◦ The hazards of chemicals in unlabeled pipes.
   The employer must make the written program available,
    upon request, to:
    ◦ Employees and their designated representatives

   If work is carried out at more than one location, the
    program may be kept at the main location.
   The employer must ensure that each container of hazardous
    chemicals in the workplace is labeled, tagged or marked with
    the following:
    ◦ Identity of the hazardous chemical
    ◦ Appropriate hazard warnings
   This above labeling information is required of the
    manufacturer so the employer must ensure that the original
    labels from the manufacturer are on all containers and
    remain legible
   Must be in English and include information regarding the
    specific chemical identity and common names
   Must provide information about the:
    ◦ Physical and chemical characteristics
    ◦ Health effects
    ◦ Exposure limits
    ◦ Carcinogenicity (cancer-causing)
    ◦ Identification (name, address, and telephone number) of
      the organization responsible for preparing the sheet
   Must be readily accessible to employees in their work area

Prepared by the chemical manufacturer or importer
and describe:

     Physical hazards, such as fire and explosion
     Health hazards, such as signs of exposure
     Routes of exposure
     Precautions for safe handling and use
     Emergency and first-aid procedures
     Control measures

   Manufacturers, importers, distributors and
    employers who become newly aware of
    significant information regarding chemical
    hazards shall:
    ◦ Revise the labels for the chemical within three
    ◦ Revise the MSDS for the chemical within three
   One difference between this rule and many others
    adopted by OSHA is that this one is performance-
   That means that you have the flexibility to adapt the rule
    to the needs of your workplace, rather than having to
    follow specific, rigid requirements.
   Compile a complete list of the potentially
    hazardous chemicals in the workplace.
   Determine if you have received material safety
    data sheets for all of them.
   If any are missing, contact the supplier and
    request one.
   Do not allow employees to use any chemicals
    for which you have not received an MSDS.
   If employees of other employers could be exposed to
    hazardous chemicals the program must include:
    ◦ Methods to provide contractor employees with on-site
      access to MSDS for each chemical those workers may be
      exposed to.
    ◦ The methods used to inform other employers of any
      precautionary measures to be taken for normal and
      emergency situations.
    ◦ The employer’s chemical labeling system.
    ◦ Examples in healthcare?
   Employers must provide employees information
    and education on hazardous chemicals in their
    work area:
    ◦ At the time of their initial assignment;
    ◦ Whenever a new physical or health hazard the
      employees have not previously been trained about is
      introduced into their work area.
   Education may cover categories of hazards.
   Employers must inform employees:
    ◦ Of the training requirements of this section (1910.1200 (h)
      Employee information and training.);
    ◦ Any operations in their work area where hazardous
      chemicals are present;
    ◦ The location and availability of the written hazard
      communication program.
   Employee education shall include at least:
    ◦ The means to detect the presence or release of a hazardous
      chemical in the work area;
    ◦ The physical and health hazards of chemicals in the work area;
    ◦ Measures employees can take to protect themselves;
    ◦ PPE if appropriate;
    ◦ Details of the employers’ specific program.
   If there are only a few chemicals in the workplace,
    then you may want to discuss each one individually.
   Where there are large numbers of chemicals, or the
    chemicals change frequently, you will probably want
    to train generally based on the hazard categories
    (e.g., flammable liquids, corrosive materials,
   Cleaning supplies/solutions
   Large volume liquids in storage
   Oxygen
   Nitrous oxide
   Acetone
   Paint, paint thinner
   Formaldehyde
   Others?
   The rule does not require employers
    to maintain records of employee
    training, but many employers choose
    to do so.                                 Hazard
   This can help in monitoring a Hazard
    Communication program to ensure
    that all employees are appropriately
Think safety, not just compliance!

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