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stem_cluster

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									                                             Planning, managing, and providing scientific research and
                                             professional and technical services including laboratory and
                                             testing services, and research and development services.




  Industry and workplace knowledge and skills are taught and
  reinforced in all pathways and at all levels.




                                             ay knowledge and Skills
                                        Pathw


                                           engineering
                                              and
                                           Technology



                                             Industry and
                                              Workplace
                                              Knowledge
                                               and skills


                                             Science
                                               and
                                           mathematics

                                        Pathw
                                             ay knowledge and Skills




 Highly specific career specialty skills are taught at             High schools offer some or all pathways
 the postsecondary level by colleges, apprenticeships,             to students and teach pathway-specific
 or other training options.                                        knowledge and skills.


108
                                                    NORTH CAROLINA CAREER CLUSTERS GUIDE
   Pathway                                             Specific Occupations

                 • Aerospace Engineers      • Electrical Engineers      • Health and Safety         • Materials Engineers
                 • Agricultural Engineers   • Electro-Mechanical          Engineers, Except         • Mechanical Engineers
                 • Architecture Teachers,     Technicians                 Mining Safety Engineers   • Mining and Geological
                   Postsecondary            • Electronics Engineers,      and Inspectors              Engineers, Including
                 • Biomedical Engineers       Except Computer           • Industrial Engineering      Mining Safety Engineers
  Engineering    • Chemical Engineers       • Engineering Managers        Technicians               • Nuclear Engineers
                 • Civil Engineers          • Engineering Teachers,     • Industrial Engineers      • Nuclear Technicians
and Technology   • Computer Hardware          Postsecondary             • Marine Engineers          • Petroleum Engineers
                   Engineers                • Engineers                   and Naval Architects
                 • Cost Estimators          • Environmental
                 • Drafters                   Engineers



                 • Anthropologists          • Computer Software         • Hydrologists              • Political Scientists
                   and Archeologists          Engineers, Applications   • Life Scientists           • Psychologists
                 • Anthropology and         • Computer Specialists      • Market Research           • Social Scientists and
                   Archeology Teachers,     • Computer Support            Analysts                    Related Workers
                   Postsecondary              Specialists               • Materials Scientists      • Social Sciences
                 • Astronomers              • Dietetic Technicians      • Mathematical                Teachers,
                 • Atmospheric and          • Dietitians and              Science Teachers,           Postsecondary
                   Space Scientists           Nutritionists               Postsecondary             • Sociologists
                 • Atmospheric, Earth,      • Economics Teachers,       • Mathematical Scientist    • Statisticians
                   Marine, and Space          Postsecondary               Occupations               • Survey Researchers
                   Sciences Teachers,       • Economists                • Mathematical              • Zoologists and
                   Postsecondary            • Engineering Managers        Technicians                 Wildlife Biologists
                 • Biochemists and          • Engineering Teachers,     • Mathematicians
 Science and       Biophysicists              Postsecondary             • Medical Scientists
                 • Biological               • Epidemiologists           • Medical Scientists,
 Mathematics       Science Teachers,        • Family and General          Except Epidemiologists
                   Postsecondary              Practitioners             • Microbiologists
                 • Biological Scientists    • Geographers               • Natural Sciences
                 • Cartographers and        • Geography Teachers,         Managers
                   Photogrammetrists          Postsecondary             • Physical Scientists
                 • Chemistry Teachers,      • Geoscientists, Except     • Physicists
                   Postsecondary              Hydrologists and          • Physics Teachers,
                 • Chemists                   Geographers                 Postsecondary
                 • Community and Social     • Health Specialties        • Political Science
                   Service Specialists        Teachers,                   Teachers,
                 • Computer Programmers       Postsecondary               Postsecondary




                                                                                                                              109
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING & MATHEMATICS

Career Spotlight
Name: Rachel Burton
Occupation: Co-founder, Piedmont Biofuels Industrial, LLC


entrepreneur’s Company Produces
renewable Biodiesel Fuel
Rachel Burton knows that the            The company has received the
answer to the world’s dependence        North Carolina State Energy Office’s
on polluting, nonrenewable fossil       Sustainable Energy Leadership
fuels is to develop clean, renewable    Award and the Alternative Fuels
energy sources. This knowledge          Leadership Award. It is the state’s
led the 1996 liberal arts graduate      first biodiesel producer to achieve
of the University of North Carolina     the BQ9000 accreditation
at Chapel Hill to enroll at Central     from the National Biodiesel
Carolina Community College              Accreditation Commission.
(CCCC). There she earned
both a Certificate in Sustainable
Agriculture in 1998 and an A.A.S.
in Automotive Technology in 2000.

Burton and others then encouraged
CCCC to offer a biodiesel fuel class,
which she helped teach. That class
led to the creation of the college’s
biofuels associate degree program,
unique in the North Carolina
Community College System.
Burton serves on the program’s
advisory board.

“Central Carolina fosters
an environment for innovative
thinking with a hands-on learning
approach,” said Burton, a graduate
of Mount Tabor High School
in Winston-Salem. “These were
the tools I needed to explore
my interests in renewable energy.”

In 2004, Burton co-founded
Piedmont Biofuels Industrial, LLC,
a commercial biodiesel fuel
producer in Pittsboro. In 2008,
Piedmont Biofuels produced about
one million gallons of biodiesel.



110
                                                            NORTH CAROLINA CAREER CLUSTERS GUIDE


Did You Know?
Careers related to the Science, Technology, Engineering &
Mathematics Career Cluster, often called STEM careers, can be
found across industries that include:
  • Agriculture
  • Computer systems design and related services
  • Construction
  • Education
  • Financial services
  • Health services
  • Information services, including broadcasting, the Internet, motion
    picture and video industries, software and other publishing, and
    telecommunications
  • Manufacturing
  • Natural resources
  • Transportation

Most related careers pay well, and jobs for people with STEM-related
education and experience are growing. Educational pathways include
Career and Technical Education, certificate programs, two- and four-
year degrees and higher.

For more information, go to the Career Guide to Industries at http://
www.bls.gov/oco/cg/cgs053.htm. Also go to the following
Occupational Outlook Handbook pages at http://www.bls.gov/
oco/ocos115.htm and http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm.



SITES TO ExPLORE
American Chemical Society: http://www.chemistry.org
American Institute of Biological Sciences: http://www.aibs.org/careers
Cool Careers in Science: http://www.pbs.org/safarchive/5_cool/
   53_career.html
Engineering: http://engineeringk12.org, http://www.jets.org,
   http://www.swe.org and http://www.eteducation.org
Engineering Education: http://www.asee.org
FIRST: http://www.usfirst.org
International Technology Education Association: http://iteaconnect.org
Mathematics: http://www.maa.org/careers/
National Society of Black Engineers: http://national.nsbe.org
Physics: http://www.aps.org/careers/
Project Lead the Way: http://www.pltw.org
Technology-related student sites: http://www.tsaweb.org and
   http://skillsusa.org




                                                                                             111
                                                          Selected Careers

         Occupation                   Career Pathway(s)                                              Job Description




                                                                     Perform a variety of engineering work in designing, constructing,
                                                                     and testing aircraft, missiles, and spacecraft. May conduct basic
          Aerospace                     Engineering and
                                                                     and applied research to evaluate adaptability of materials and
          Engineers                       Technology
                                                                     equipment to aircraft design and manufacture. May recommend
                                                                     improvements in testing equipment and techniques.


                                                                     Apply knowledge of engineering, biology, and biomechanical
                                                                     principles to the design, development, and evaluation of biological
         Biomedical                     Engineering and
                                                                     and health systems and products, such as artificial organs,
         Engineers                        Technology
                                                                     prostheses, instrumentation, medical information systems, and
                                                                     health management and care delivery systems.


                                                                     Design, plan, or perform engineering duties in the prevention,
        Environmental                   Engineering and              control, and remediation of environmental health hazards using
          Engineers                       Technology                 engineering disciplines. May include waste treatment, site
                                                                     remediation, or pollution control technology.


                                                                     Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of
                                                                     the Earth. May use knowledge to explore for oil, gas, minerals,
    Geoscientists,
                                          Science and                or underground water or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or
  Except Hydrologists
                                          Mathematics                other environmental problems. May study the Earth’s internal
   and Geographers
                                                                     composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical,
                                                                     and gravitational forces.


                                                                     Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human
      Medical Scientists,
                                          Science and                diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical
           Except
                                          Mathematics                investigation or other research, production, technical writing, or
       Epidemiologists
                                                                     related activities.



                                                                     Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as life sciences,
      Natural Sciences                    Science and
                                                                     physical sciences, mathematics, and statistics, and in research
         Managers                         Mathematics
                                                                     and development in these fields.



                                                                     Engage in the development of mathematical theory or apply
                                          Science and
         Statisticians                                               statistical theory and methods to collect, organize, interpret, and
                                          Mathematics
                                                                     summarize numerical data to provide usable information.


 NOTES (Source: North Carolina Employment Security Commission)
 1. The average annual salary may vary in different service areas across the state.
 2. This includes full-time and part-time employees.
 3. Requires a minimum of an associate degree.
 4. Above the current average annual statewide salary ($36,903 for 2007). The average annual salary for your service area may vary across the state.




112
                                                                              NORTH CAROLINA CAREER CLUSTERS GUIDE




  NC Entry-             NC Average              Average
                                                                                             Minimum
 Level Wage               Wage                   Total                 % Change                                     High          High      High
                                                                                               Usual
   Hourly/               Hourly/                Annual                 2006-2016                                    Skill3        Wage4   Demand5
                                                                                             Education
   Annual                Annual1               Openings2




    $28.43/
    59,130
                           $36.20/
                           75,301
                                                     24                    25.2
                                                                                              Bachelor’s
                                                                                               degree                             


    $24.27/
    50,489
                           $35.98/
                           74,841
                                                     35                    32.8
                                                                                              Bachelor’s
                                                                                               degree                             

    $24.00/
    49,917
                           $34.21/
                           71,158
                                                     99                    23.7
                                                                                              Bachelor’s
                                                                                               degree                             

    $16.32/
    33,937
                           $29.24/
                           60,810
                                                     23                    29.7
                                                                                               Master’s
                                                                                               degree                             

    $22.78/
    47,391
                           $38.90/
                           80,910
                                                    197                    36.7
                                                                                               Doctoral
                                                                                               degree                                    
                                                                                             Bachelor’s
                                                                                              degree or
    $34.18/
    71,090
                           $53.98/
                           112,288
                                                     71                    25.6              higher plus
                                                                                                work
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                             experience



    $22.23/
    46,235
                           $33.93/
                           70,582
                                                     40                    22.6
                                                                                               Master’s
                                                                                               degree                             
NOTES
5. Projected employment growth rate above the average growth rate (1.6% for 2006) and at least 100 projected annual openings
   in North Carolina. This includes full-time and part-time employees, but excludes proprietors, owners, and partners of unincorporated
   firms, unpaid family workers, workers on unpaid leave, military, independent contractors, and temporary agency employees not
   on a company payroll.




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