lished by the Ukrainian National Association Inc., a fraternal non-profit association!
Vol. LIX Mo. 4 1 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1991 50 cents
In Ukraine's Supreme Council Ukraine remembers Babyn Yar
Parliament votes to boycott Union structures,
passes law on Ukrainian citizenship
by Chrystyna Lapychak "There are two processes happening
Kiev Press Bureau simultaneously. On the one hand we are
building an independent sovereign
KIEV — Reconvening last week in Ukraine and on the other the Soviet
the Ukrainian capital, the Supreme Union is disintegrating. In this process
Council of Ukraine took several major of disintegration of the union there
steps toward realization of its August 24 exists a danger to our sovereignty.
declaration of independence and U- Therefore, we must participate in some
kraine's secession from the disinte way to protect our interests," said Mr.
grating Soviet Union. Hryniov.
The most dramatic decision came on "We were one of the founders of the
Wednesday, October 9, when the Ukrai union, so we should honorably leave it,"
nian legislature voted to boycott all all- said Mr. Hryniov.
union political structures of the former The resolution "on deputies' groups
Soviet Union, particularly the USSR from Ukraine in the Council on the
Supreme Soviet, scheduled to convene Republics and the Union Council in the
on October 21 in Moscow. USSR Supreme Soviet during the
After declaring that the union was transitional period" states:
dead, the Ukrainian Parliament autho "Taking into account that the USSR
rized Volodymyr Hryniov, its second Supreme Soviet, according to the
deputy chairman, to contact the leaders USSR law 6on organs of state power
of all the former Soviet republics about and government of the USSR during
creating a new inter-republican or inter the transitional period,' is given the
state council for the transitional period right to pass laws, effective on the
to oversee "the orderly demontage of territory of sovereign republics, which
the former union." contradicts the Constitution of U-
kraine, the Act on the Independence of
"We are acknowledging that the Ukraine, the Declaration on the State
political structure of the all-union Sovereignty of Ukraine, deputies'
structure, the Supreme Soviet, no groups will not be sent to the Council on
longer exists," said Mr. Hryniov during . the Republics and Union Council of the
the debate over the issue. USSR Supreme Soviet."
"However, we must decide on a The second point of the resolution
mechanism for our participation in the authorizes the Presidium of the Su-
process of the dissolution of the union." (Continued on page 2)
Kravchuk forges ties with France
during meeting with Mitterand j|Chrystyna Lapychak
Thousands honor the memory of those who perished at Babyn Yar during the Nazi
JERSEY CITY, N.J. - Ukraine's "listened very carefully" to his occupation of Kiev, 1941-1943.
Supreme Council Chairman Leonid analysis of the current situation in the by Chrystyna Lapychak ing" on September 29, the first day of
Kravchuk stopped over in Paris on his former USSR. Kiev Press Bureau mass shootings at a ravine called Babyn
way back to Kiev for a brief meeting Mr. Kravchuk said that he had told Yar in 1941. That day thousands ga
with French President Francois Mit President Mitterand that Ukraine KIEV — A weeklong series of events thered at the Babyn Yar monument,
terand on October 3. would have ties with other republics initiated by the Ukrainian government erected by Soviet Ukrainian officials in
commemorating the mass killings of
The delegation, which included Ana- only in the fields of economics and Jews, Ukrainians and others by the 1966 to the "Soviet victims of the
toliy Zlenko, Ukraine's minister of collective security. He said Ukraine Nazis at Babyn Yar culminated with a fascists," with no mention that the
foreign affairs, and Valeriy Krav- would not become a part of any union primary victims were Jews and then
memorial ceremony on October 5, end
chenko, the minister of foreign econo with Moscow and that it wanted to ing 50 years of official Soviet silence and other non-Aryan nations, Ukrainians,
mic relations, was met at the airport by become integrated into the interna Russians, Poles and others.
beginning a new phase in Ukrainian-
the Ukrainian permanent representa tional community. He said that al Jewish relations. Serhiy Komisarenko, a deputy prime
tive to UNESCO, Alexander Slip- though foreign aid would help Ukraine, minister of Ukraine, who chaired the
it will become an independent state Official delegations from the United Ukrainian government's Babyn Yar
chenko, and officials from the French States, Israel, the Federal Republic of organizing committee, Dr. Yuriy
without aid as well.
Mr. Kravchuk dicussed Ukraine's Germany, as well as Ukrainian govern Shcherbak, Ukraine's minister of the
Chairman Kravchuk told TASS nuclear-free policy, which calls ment and parliamentary officials joined environment, Oleksander Mosiyuk,
before the meeting that he wanted to for the destruction of missiles on Kiev's Jewish community, residents, mayor of Kiev, addressed the crowd
discuss economic cooperation in the Ukrainian soil rather than the transfer survivors and eyewitnesses in events that came to the monument bearing
fields of power engineering, aircraft of them to another country. throughout the week of September 29 to flowers and photographs of relatives
building and electronics, and the "esta Mr. Kravchuk also met with French October 6 remembering the 200,000 and friends who were killed at Babyn
blishment of political cooperation since National Assembly Speaker Laurent victims, mostly Jews, .massacred in Yar.
Ukraine has become a sovereign state." Fabius and Foreign Minister Roland Nazi-occupied Kiev 50 years ago. The memorial meeting was then
After his meeting, Mr. Kravchuk told Dumas to discuss potential bilateral The "Memorial Days" began with a moved over to the site of the massacre,
reporters that President Mitterand had Г Є І С Ш О І І Ь . city wide "Day oi Memorv and Mourn (Continued on page 8)
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1991 No. 41
Soviet space program complex Newsbriefs
discovered in Dnipropetrovske from Ukraine
KIEV - Another surprise has of problems to untangle. Even
emerged in the wake of the dis though it produces half of the Soviet
mantling of Soviet power structure in Union's steel, exports 40 percent of 9 KIEV - A poll taken by the Ф TRANSCARPATHIA - A new
Ukraine, reported The Washington the oil it refines (though much of this Institute of Sociology of the Ukrainian Subcarpathian Republican Party is
Post. It turns out that the Soviet oil is imported in the first place), and Academy of Sciences found that 63 being organized on the basis of the
space program is based in a huge uses only, half of the electricity it percent of those who responded favor Carpathian Rusyn Society. Its goal is to
complex in Dnipropetrovske. This produces, Ukrainian officials have independence and 17.3 percent oppose make Transcarpathia a separate repub
complex, employing 50,000 workers, had no access to even the most basic it. A group of sociologists from the lic within a new "loose confederation."
is where the Soviet space shuttle and economic figures, such as Ukraine's same institute that conducted a survey (URP-Inform)
Sputnik rockets are built. total output. for the Ukrainian Supreme Council
Few Ukrainian officials have had found different results: 74 percent for e KIEV - The Ukrainian Ministry
The Ukrainian government was of Energy, in an attempt to develop
largely unware of the details of this training or experience in running an independence and 12 percent against.
economy since everything was con They found that 41 percent would vote alternative energy sources, will pur
program before the coup and is still chase SI million worth of electric
trying to find out exactly what goes trolled from Moscow. State mono for Leonid Kravchuk, and 9 percent
polies still operate about 98 percent would vote for Vyacheslav Chornovil windmills in Denmark to be installed in
on inside the factory, said the recent the Crimea, which has the most ideal
ly appointed privatization minister, of the factories in Ukraine, accord for president in the scheduled Decem
ing to Volodymyr Pylypchuk, the ber 1 elections. (RFE/RL Daily Re climate for such purposes. The Crimea
Vladimir Lanavoi. He joked about already has 40 such windmills, as the
how the officials who were not chairman of the legislature's Com port)
mission on Economic Reform and region consumes 8 billion kilowatts of
supposed to know about the complex electricity per year. Ukrainian specia
spoke about its production of "bar Management.
^ KIEV — Ukraine's new Minister of lists estimate that wind power in the
rels." Because of the Chornobyl disaster, Defense, Konstantin Morozov, said Crimea can generate 13 billion kilo
Oleksander SavchenkoJ an econo many Ukrainians wish the republic that Ukraine should take command of watts per year. (RFE/ RL Daily Report
mist of Rukh and advisor to the to be nuclear-free. This includes not the Black Sea fleet and that a defense based on Radio Kiev)
Ukrainian government, told Post only the missiles which caused such council and general staff is being
correspondent Peter Maass that consternation in Washington, but formed to oversee the changing of ф BUKOVYNA, Ukraine - New oil
there are about 2,000 military facto also the power plants. Minister Soviet military units on Ukrainian deposits, whose crude is light and has
ries in Ukraine that were operated by Lanavoi said that because there is territory to Ukrainian military units, low sulfur content, have been dis
Moscow. He said officials are hoping such an energy surplus in Ukraine, according to Narodnaya Armiya (Na covered in North Bukovyna, Chernivtsi
that the plants possess sophisticated the six nuclear plants that produce 18 tional Army) newspaper. He also said region. The first well, near the village of
technology that can now be convert percent of its energy could be shut that Ukrainian military academies Lopushanske, is located 713 meters
ed to non-military uses. Unfortu down "without any loss to our coun would be set up soon. above sea level and has already pro
nately, this seems unlikely to work try." Meanwhile, on October 7 the Presi duced industrial quantities of oil.
out well judging from the past expe Collective farms, which take up 97 dium of Ukraine's Cabinet of Ministers Further drilling confirmed that there
rience of Poland and East Germany. percent of the land, are also a well- approved draft laws that would create a are more deposits at the same depth of
Many of the factories there have not known model of incompetence. The Ukrainian National Guard and army. over 4,000 meters. (RFE/ RL Daily
been able to compete with Western private farms, which account for The army would be for defense pur Report based on Pravda Ukrainy)
countries. only 3 percent of the land, produce 28 poses only, and be limited to 450,000
Although independence is initially percent of the food, The Washington ^ MOSCOW - Since the price of
people. The laws are partially meant to gold in Ukraine has soared from 50
exhilarating, Ukraine has a plethora Post noted. transform Ukraine into a neutral state rubles to 186 rubles per gram (85 to 315
and a nuclear-free zone called for in the dollars at the inflated official exchange
sufficient for social interaction" for all Declaration on State Sovereignty of
Parliament... citizens. Ukraine. (RFE/RL Daily Report)
rate), dentists in Ukraine cannot finish
dental work already begun on patients.
(Continued from page 1) According to Sergei Kolomiets, dental
With the exception of applicable adviser to the health department of the
preme Council of Ukraine and U- ^ DNIPROPETROVSKE - Zoria, Kiev City Council, dentists have not
kraine's Cabinet of Ministers to autho bilateral agreements between Ukraine formerly the Ukrainian Communist received gold crowns or money for their
rize delegations to inter-republican and other states, individuals who desire Party's regional committee's news purchases since the price of gold more
coordinating organs. to become citizens must give up all other paper, changed its name on September than tripled, although they were pro
citizenship, take an oath to Ukraine, the 6 to Narodna Haze ta, but left every mised that the difference in gold prices
The third point offers all USSR text of which is to be determined by the
people's deputies from Ukraine posi thing else pretty much the same. The would be made up by the Finance
Ukrainian Supreme Council and must editorial staff is still the same, and the Ministry. He also said that teeth which
tions as paid consultants to the Ukrai have lived on the territory of Ukraine
nian Parliament if they so choose. contents of the paper have not change had already undergone dental work for
for the last five years. much either. In their letters to the editor crowns would deteriorate rapidly unless
During Tuesday's session, the Ukrai section, the "Public Barometer," only they were fitted quickly. (Reuters)
nian legislature passed a historic law on The Ukrainian Supreme Council also
citizenship, establishing sole.. Ukrai passed a resolution on Tuesday "on the one letter supported the Ukrainian
nian citizenship for all former Ukrai position of the press, television and Supreme Soviet's proclamation of ь KOLOMYIA - Festivities mark
nian SSR citizens on the territory of radio of Ukraine during the coup d'etat independence. All others condemned ing the 750th anniversary of the city's
Ukraine for the first time in over 70 and measures resulting from this." the proclamation and the flying of founding were held here on September
years. Ukrainian flags. One of the letters 5. A memorial stone was placed where a
actually maintained that many mem monument of Taras Shevchenko used
The law stipulates that "Ukraine has The resolution gives the Cabinet of bers of Ukrainian democratic groups to stand before it was destroyed during
sole citizenship. On the basis of bilateral Ministers of Ukraine until January 1, had supported the coup. (Respublika) World War I. (Respublika)
treaties between states dual citizenship 1991 to make a decision on the demo-
is permitted." The second phrase was nopolization and reorganization of
added as a compromise, following Ukrainian television and radio, gua
appeals by deputies from heavily Rus ranteeing conditions for creative:, and
sian-populated areas, particularly
Svitlana Ostroushchenko, a conserva
financial independence of its employee
Ukrainian WeeUi FOUNDED 1933
tive deputy from Odessa. An English-language Ukrainian newspaper published by the Ukrainian National
The measure also sets a deadline of
Association Inc., a non-profit association, at 30 Montgomery St., Jersey City, N J .
Kiev deputy Ivan Zayets, one of the October 21 for the Cabinet of Ministers
chief authors of the new law, said that he to complete its overview of the propo
believed it was highly unlikely that sals of the temporary parliamentary
Second-class postage paid at Jersey City, N J . 07302.
Russia and Ukraine would sign an commission of inquiry into the actions
(ISSN - 0273-9348)
agreement on dual citizenship and said of government and other officials
that the vote was a victory for sole during the putsch of August 19-21 to Yearly subscription rate: S20; for UNA members - S10.
citizenship and for Ukrainian state fire the president and vice-president of
hood. Also published by the UNA: Svoboda, a Ukrainian-language daily newspaper.
Ukrainian Television and Radio.
"I come here today as a citizen of the The Weekly an.1 Svoboda: UNA:
USSR and I leave here a citizen of The Cabinet of Ministers will also be (201)434-02J/,-0807,-3036 (201) 451-2200
Ukraine," said Volodymyr Smetanin, charged with creating and introducing a
deputy chairman of the parliamentary system of state support of the press by Postmaster, send address
human rights committee, in Russian, as the end of the year and review the idea changes to: I Editor-in-chief: Roma Hadzewycz
he presented the draft law on citizenship of creating a Ministry of Information. The Ukrainian Weekly/ Associate editors: Marta Kolomayets
P.O. Box 346 Chrystyna Lapychak (Kiev)
on Tuesday. The Parliament decided that its news- Assistant editor Khristina Lew
Jersey City, NJ. 07303
Mr. Zayets also pointed out one of paper, Holos Ukrainy, will also be
the important points of the new law, published in Russian, in addition to T h e U k r a i n i a n W e e k l y , O c t o b e r 1 3 , 1 9 9 1 , N o . 4 1 , V o l . LIX
which requires "knowledge of the Ukrainian, and once a week will include C o p y r i g h t 1 9 9 1 by T h e U k r a i n i a n W e e k l y
Ukrainian language to the extent a section in another language.
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1991 3
Dmytro Pavlychko discusses
Ukraine's future in Philly
by Tamara Stadnychenko-Cornelison 300 at Philadelphia's Ukrainian Cul-
tural and Educational Center. Mr.
PHILADELPHIA - Established in Pavlychko's appearance at the World
1949, the prestigious World Affairs Affairs Council was covered by the local
Council of Philadelphia is a non-profit, ABC affiliate; a report on the event was
non-partisan organization dedicated to aired on the station's evening news
the task of educating its 5,000 members program.
and the public about global affairs. In The program at the World Affairs
recent years, the World Affairs Council Council was opened by Council Presi-
has hosted numerous foreign statesmen dent Buntzie Ellis Churchill who greet-
and dignitaries, among them Turkish ed guests and introduced Philadelphia
President Turgot Ozal, Pakistani Prime attorney Gregory Saputelli. Mr. Sa-
Minister Benizar Bhutto, Russian Presi- putelli then introduced Mr. Pavlychko
dent Boris Yeltsin, and former French who, in English, thanked the staff of the
President Valery Giscard d'Estaing. World Affairs Council and the mem-
On Tuesday, October 1, at a reception bers of the Ukrainian Human Rights
and luncheon co-sponsored by the Committee for inviting him to Philadel-
Ukrainian Human Rights Committee, phia. His lecture, in Ukrainian, was
the World Affairs Council's featured translated by Sergiy V. Koulyk, second
speaker was Dmytro Pavlychko, chair- secretary of the Permanent Mission of
man of the Foreign Relations Commit- Ukraine to the United Nations. Dmytro Pavlychko (center) gives interview to Philadelphia's ABC affiliate; Sergiy
tee of Ukraine's Parliament. V. Koulyk translates for the Ukrainian poet-turned-politician.
Mr. Pavlychko, who was in the Declaration of independence
United States and Canada as a member determination to be a nuclear-free tered that Ukraine's choice in this
Mr. Pavlychko first spoke about nation which had no need for and no matter was both moral and correct, that
of the Ukrainian delegation headed by
Ukrainian Chairman of the Supreme Ukraine's August 24th declaration of desire to keep the 173 nuclear ICBMs these weapons posed a threat to the
Council Leonid Kravchuk, had pre- independence, an event that he said was now on its territory. He explained that entire world, and that a worse image
viously visited Philadelphia as a guest of an inevitable if long-awaited rejection 130 of these missiles were already would be projected by a nation;, pos-
the Ukrainian Human Rights Commit- of 73 years of colonial occupation. He targeted for destruction by the recent sessing and brandishing such weapons
tee in April. At that time, he spoke called the recent events in the Soviet U.S.-Soviet arms accord, and vowed as a symbol of its might.
about the democratization of Ukraine Union the beginning chapter of a new that Ukraine would ensure that they
history, not only for Ukraine and the would be destroyed and would en- Demise of Communist Party
and about the inevitability of the
collapse of the Soviet empire. other republics, but for Europe and for courage other republics to comply with Mr. Pavlychko next spoke of the
Six months and a failed coup later, the entire world. He dismissed the the terms of the accord and rid them- official demise of the Communist Party.
Mr. Pavlychko elaborated on these claims of those who warned that the selves of all such weapons. "What," he There are, he stated, some who still
themes before guests of the World Affairs disintegration of the Soviet Union queried, "can these weapons give us? believe in communist ideology and they
Council, and, later that evening, before would lead to nuclear madness as They are a waste of mental energy and are welcome to their beliefs and wel-
an enthusiastic audiencejrf more than centrist propaganda, stressing Ukraine's money. We don't want half a million come to form themselves into a new
people working on this. They can be party. Ukraine, if it is to succeed as a
more productive elsewhere." democracy, must allow a multi-party
North American youths to conduct In response to a question that sug- system of government and if the com-
gested this urgent desire to dispose of munists wish to have a political party,
public awareness campaign in Ukraine nuclear weapons would give Ukraine a that party should be legal.
"wimpy" image, Mr. Pavlychko coun- (Continued on page 10)
TORONTO - In preparation for from varying historical perspectives;
the December 1 referendum on and the campaigners who will distri-
Ukrainian independence, 40 young bute the pamphlets and posters at
"We will not veer off
professionals from Canada and the 420 targeted coal mines and facto-
United States will travel to eastern ries.
The campaigners will work with
path of independence"
and southern oblasts in Ukraine to
conduct a public awareness cam- regional representatives of Rukh, by Ika Casanova American governments, especially
SNUM (the students'association), the Mr. Kravchuk's meeting with Presi-
' P ai 8 n - Republican Party, the Democratic The following interview was con- dent George Bush?
The two-month campaign, which Party of Ukraine, members of Plast ducted bv Ika Casanova (for The
began on October 9, will focus on the as well as local contacts established I was present at the meeting and I
Weekly) and Petro Chasto (for Svo- can say that President Bush met with
dissemination of information on by Mr. Wrzesnewskyj in his years of boda) during Dmytro Pavlychko's us as representatives of an indepen-
independence via pamphlets and work for the Ukrainian Helsinki visit to the editorial offices on dent state, although we didn't for-
posters in the Donetske, Dnipro- Group, Rukh and last summer's
petrovske, Luhanske and Zaporizh- Dzvin march. October 3, 1991. mally raise the issue of the immediate
zhia Oblasts, areas in which the As chairman of the Foreign Rela- recognition of Ukraine by the U.S.
Travel and accomodations are tions Committee of the Supreme on the diplomatic level. This will
referendum may not go through, arranged by Mr. Wrzesnewskyj and
according to 30-year-old Toronto campaign representatives in U- Council, what is your assessment of come after the referendum. The
entrepreneur Borys Wrzesnewskyj, kraine. Campaigners will travel at the meetings that Leonid Kravchuk cordiality with which we were re-
the campaign's organizer and spon- the invitation of the Prosvita Ukrai- and his delegation had with represen- ceived in the two meetings in the
sor. tatives of both the Canadian and White House speaks well for the
nian Language Society. interest the U.S. has in Ukraine.
"These areas are extremely impor-
tant to an independent Ukraine," The campaign's editorial board Prime Minister Brian Mulroney also
explained Mr. Wrzesnewskyj, "They departed for Kiev's Hotel Ukraina, showed a positive attitude towards
house Ukraine's heavy industries and which will serve as the project's Ukraine and its independence. In this
energy basins." headquarters, on October 9. On respect, I consider our trip to Canada
According to Mr. Wrzesnewskyj, October 16, the first half of the and the U.S. to have been very
the campaign's goal is two-fold: to campaigners will depart for Kiev, successful.
disseminate information on indepen- and on November 10, the remaining We made it clear to both leaders
dence to those oblasts in Ukraine half will follow. that we will not veer off the path of
where information is not readily Mr. Wrzesnewskyj, who departed independence which we have taken.
accessible or where apparatchiks for Kiev on October 3, muses on the We also questioned the policy of
remain deeply entrenched, and to campaign's long-range goals: "You're support to the center, and finally, we
create a sense of commitment to raised in a certain way and it becomes asked that from any financial or
Ukraine on the part of North Ameri- a part of you. As a result you're a part humanitarian aid allocated to the
can youth. of a nation, a part of a whole. We center, an appropriate amount be
The young professionals traveling who have been raised in the Western sent directly to Ukraine.
from Canada and the United States system can be an incredible resource In our discussions, both in Canada
will be divided into three subgroups: for Ukraine. In time we may have an and the U.S., the emphasis was on
the mechanical and electrical experts active role to play in Ukraine's new the need to proceed without delay to
who will oversee two printing presses government." organize the Ukrainian economy to
capable of printing up to 100,000 For those traveling to Ukraine in ensure that the basic needs of the
pamphlets and posters a day; the the next two months who would like population are met. At the moment,
editorial board comprising profes- to join the campaign at their own aid can take the form of credits which
sors, writers and artists who have put expense, contact Katya Masnyk, later can turn into other types of
together various pamphlets and (416) 604-3242 for more information. (Continued on page 4)
posters highlighting independence
kungary a c t t u . o e nas 310V^n 12 ot " o\e Z J К 510 е r
\ L " 3 /"P
- ^ZC 4d^ LnOnilS " . . SO iTH лОї QUlte еХСеПіЮПс v ^a'o oe tne oes, example L i : ітч t?T leglOf "CUlC О 'OV i^ ^ T\
After the declaration o п о е о е г - c.ear hovv man\ oi tnem will rems - ьз te, і m a i e D o r j a S , "c і ^ J z"
\ e a ^ o naa mecings with tine аепсе 1 went tc Warsaw 4 o u pro- Communist, but I woulc venture to hu oiau с о т а be msanitec v d огсе
airector^ of tnc Vvona Bank and trie babiv know tnat it has been agreec ^av that probably not many at a.i and within a time frame d^fie^e^
Liternauonai Monetary F u n c anc thai a representative of tne Ukrai Just consider, they didn't oppose tre than thai of the otner reg^on^ oi
we re hopeful tnat these meetings wiL n i a n g o v e r n m e n t will be sent to d e c l a r a t i o n of i n d e p e n d e n c e acr' Ukiaine But I would ooint out tha
aiso bring about positive results Warsaw and soon thereafter, without they did not even protest the disso we h a v e to be c a u t i o u s foi sucb
Today, we had a meeting with Dr waiting for the referendum, we olan lution of the Party restructuring could lead to the disin
Henry Kissinger, who showed keen to e s t a b l i s h d i p l o m a t i c r e l a t i o n s . It is t h e d e m o c r a t i c m i n o r i t y tegration of Ukraine,
interest in our situation. Indeed, relations with Poland are which, in effect, sets the political Does the Resyn question in Trans
Overall, I can say that at every very good. A consular agreement has agenda in Parliament. We have to carpathia present an analogous pro
instance, we experienced full under already been signed and we are ready work towards parliamentary consen blem?
standing of our particular situation to open our consulate in Warsaw. sus; we have to forget party diffe Yes, to a certain degree, but here
and respect for the decision we have Poland understands that the emer rences and put yesterday's quarrels we're dealing with petty provocation
taken to attain full independence for gence of an independent Ukraine is a behind us; we have to pass without instigated by Hungarian and Czech
our country. I would say that at this stabilizing factor for Poland's own delay the necessary resolutions to sources. This movement doesn't have
very moment, we are witnessing a re statehood. address the serious economic pro a solid foundation since it has at
orientation of the foreign policy of We have also signed a consular blems that we are facing. Democracy tracted basically ill-informed people.
the U.S. and the West — from the agreement with Austria. This agree has to work for the well-being of our M e a n w h i l e in T r a n s c a r p a t h i a
unconditional support of the center ment was signed, on Austria's own p e o p l e . T o d a y , we s h o u l d all be people speak standard Ukrainian.
to an interest in the developments initiative, on September 26, here, in working for the referendum. And one might point out that already
taking place in the individual repub New Y o r k by U k r a i n e ' s F o r e i g n before Shevchenko, poetry in Trans
lics. Minister Anatoliy Zlenko. This Lately, you have been much in
volved in politics but you are best c a r p a t h i a w a s b e i n g w r i t t e n in
Currently, the representatives means that we can open our consu Ukrainian. Transcarpathia was al
from 11 republics are meeting in late in Vienna any time. known for your poetry. Have you
been able to devote any time to your ways Ukrainian. One finds the blue
Alma-Ata to discuss the various Greece has also expressed interest a n d y e l l o w n a t i o n a l flag in t h e
options of economic interrelations. It in signing a consular agreement with writing?
emblem of Transcarpathia. And, in
has been reported that the Ukrainian Ukraine. We expect that soon we will terms of its recent history, Transcar-
W e ' r e a l l i n v o l v e d in p o l i t i c s
representatives have decided to post also normalize our relations with pathian Ukraine was the last Ukrai
today. I rarely have the time to write
pone their decision as to whether to Czecho-Slovakia and Italy. nian state.
poetry these days. My latest poem is
sign those agreements. What does We are closely following events in - "Kliatva;" I read it at the Forum of I'm truly surprised by this pheno
this mean? Yugoslavia. We fully support the the Ukrainian Intelligentsia in Kiev menon, all the more so because a
That's correct. Ukraine has not Croatians in their struggle for inde (and here, in St. George Ukrainian number of poets who, so-to-speak,
signed a n d reserves the right to p e n d e n c e . We have p r o p o s e d t o Catholic Church in New York.) only yesterday were Ukrainian pa
postpone its decision. recognize Croatia's independence and I do expect to be able to return to triots, today have become patriotic
I can add that we will not sign any should do so shortly upon our return normal life perhaps in two to three Rusyns. Fine, let them be Rusyns, if
agreement and we will not enter into to Ukraine. years. A new generation of talented they so desire. There are Rusyns in
any Soviet structure which would Finally, I might add that the West young people is growing up — real Yugoslavia; let there be Rusyns in
s u p e r s e d e t h e s o v e r e i g n t y of o u r is also keeping a close watch on the politicians, lawyers. To mention just Transcarpathia. Granted, this is a
state. We can and will have relations developments in Ukraine. a few names — Viktor Bed, Ihor phenomenon which should not be
with other republics. Moreover, if What kind of relations can U- Derkach, Serhiy Holovaty, Valeriy suppressed, however, while in Pria-
some kind of new union is formed, kraine have with Russia? Ivasiuk, Yuriy Kostenko, Ivan Za- shivshchyna (Slovakia) and in Yugo
which could, perhaps, be structured We are not thinking of sealing off yets, among others. slavia t h e r e a r e p e o p l e w h o call
around Russia, Kazakhstan and U k r a i n e with b a r b e d wire from In our Narodna Rada or, National themselves "Rusyns," in Transcar
other Asian republics, in that case we Russia; we have always had and Council (the bloc of the democratic pathia the majority of inhabitants are
could also establish relations with c o n t i n u e to have close ties. We opposition), which constituted less Ukrainians.
them on the same basis as with other expect that the old stereotype that than one third of Parliament, we had In the last decades, the Ukrainians
countries such as Poland, Hungary Ukraine is part of Russia will be many talented people, representing of T r a n s c a r p a t h i a h a v e m a d e a
or other European countries. abandoned and forgotten. all government-related professions. substantial contribution to Ukrai
Above all, we need to maintain our Only our independence can unite To mention but a few: Volodymyr nian cultural life.
economic contacts and we are not us with R u s s i a . T o d a y , R u s s i a n Pylypchuk, Lev Lukianenko, Vya- We all were once "Rusyns;" but we
about to cut them off. But we will not democrats are beginning to under cheslav C h o r n o v i l , the b r o t h e r s have become Ukrainians.
be a party to any Council (soviet) stand that the independence of U- Mykhailo and Bohdan Horyn; Ivan ft ft ft
which would have its seat in Moscow kraine ultimately has a stabilizing Drach, Volodymyr Yavorivsky; such
and would direct the economy. We function in the current situation, p e o p l e as V i k t o r S h y s h k y n , the Finally, I would like to conclude
will not agree to a common currency; d o m e s t i c a l l y as well as i n t e r n a newly-appointed procurator general with an observation regarding the
we have already made arrangements tionally, and is instrumental in the of Ukraine; Konstantin Morozov, sincere commitment of the Ukrai
for the printing of our own currency. consolidation of democracy in Rus Ukraine's minister of defense, as well n i a n d i a s p o r a to the p r o c e s s of
We are well aware that the most sia itself. as ethnic Russians who are Ukrai building of Ukrainian statehood.
elementary form of sovereignty of With respect to the center, the nian patriots even though they do not During our visit to Canada, Dr.
t h e f o r m e r Soviet U n i o n w o u l d Supreme Soviet no longer has any speak Ukrainian. Volodymyr Oneskiw presented Mr.
become a cancerous cell that would relevance; the only remaining institu Kravchuk with a legal document
b r i n g a b o u t o u r d e s t r u c t i o n . We At the second congress of Rukh, donating his country estate, (100
tions are Gorbachev's presidency and
cannot accept the notion of main Mr. Chornovil said that in his opi hectares), in Dalkieth, Ontario as the
the ministries of foreign affairs and
t a i n i n g s o m e k i n d of e l e m e n t a r y nion, it would be best if Ukraine were site of the future Ukrainian embassy
defense. But the Ministry of Defense
Soviet Union as a juridical subject of to have a federative structure. What in Canada. (This provision will apply
k n o w s t h a t U k r a i n e has a l r e a d y
international law, be it in the mili is your opinion regarding this matter? once Ukraine attains full indepen
established its own ministry of de
tary, economic, monetary, transpor fense and is creating its own armed Ukraine is actually a federation; dence).
tation, or any other sphere — we forces. i.e., the Autonomous Republic of In New York there is the Ukrai
simply cannot allow this to happen I think that the Russians them Crimea is part of Ukraine but is nian Mission to the United Nations;
because we know perfectly well that selves should accept the emergence of autonomous at the same time. we d o n o t w a n t t o give u p this
one can s t a r t with s o m e t h i n g as an independent Ukraine. Even Presi In principle, Mr. Chornovil's idea building to which Ukraine has rights,
simple as a common train schedule dent Gorbachev should do so. Having is a sound one but at the moment, let but this would not be a proper place
and end up once again, with the loss made his mark as a great reformer, if me emphasize here, at the moment — for a Ukrainian consulate.
of sovereignty. Ukraine's position on he were now to hinder the stabiliza this is not the time to bring up this As head of the C o m m i t t e e on
this issue is unequivocal — we will tion of an independent Ukrainian matter and to proceed to create these Foreign Affairs, I. would be most
not accept anything less than full state, we would, in effect, once again countries — a process that could lead grateful if the Ukrainian American
independence for Ukraine. be dealing with the same phenome to the disintegration of Ukraine. community was to consider, after the
non that we have seen throughout I think that Ukraine should be an December 1 referendum, the possibi
What are Ukraine's relations with independent state for at least 10-20
h i s t o r y — G o r b a c h e v would be lity that its most prestigious and
the neighboring East European years before reaching such a federa
countries? acting like the czars and communist r e p r e s e n t a t i v e b u i l d i n g s — the
rulers before him. Ultimately, this tive structure. Moreover, one has to Ukrainian Institute of America in
Hungary is the first country to understand that this is an open
would be to his detriment. New York City, which was bequeath
have recognized Ukraine. Already process. There is always the possibi ed to the Ukrainian community by
last April, we went to Budapest. I Can one speak of an opposition in lity that those who want autonomy William Dzus, and the St. Sophia
migru add, against Moscow's will. today's Parliament? toud^ may not want it later: that is to Religious Association of Ukrainian
Moscow had sent communiques to There can only be opposition n say, time will tell CatnMics building in Washington,
ihr 4 v t ga'ian government warning there is something to oppose. Under Today і would be agamsi the D.C ясол ?c b^ Ca r dhvai osyf
. :\ ь :.г\к, /e serious repercus- .re circumstances, the our ^suic immediate re^ructunng о" Uk.aln SL ^ — vvZJuJd be fiuing si'es fo r
- -' ' I T t i.c;i. ritrigcr) receded us sbotii, t^t-ze upor i ^ 'T si ^ "K d ^eCi^iL T
Z w , ' 1" c J v ^ - u d i C ' o m a . ^ r?o? cc ' т я н с
No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1991
ORGANIZING MEETING SUPREME ASSEMBLY OF THE
NJ.-N.Y. districts during the first eight months of 1991.
She noted that 891 new members in UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ASSOCIATION
JERSEY CITY, N.J. - New Jersey's sured for S6,354,000 had been enrolled SUPREME WALTER KWAS
four district committees as well as the by branch secretaries; thus, the 1991 Soyuzivka, UNA Estate
New York City District Committee of annual quota had been filled by 44.5 EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE Kertionkson, N.Y. 12446
the Ukrainian National Association percent. Last year at this same time the
held a joint organizing meeting here at membership drive had brought in 58 Supreme President WALTER KORCHYNSKY
212 Meadowbrook Pky E.
the UNA headquarters building on percent of the organizing quota, she ULANA M. DIACHUK Horseheads, N.Y. 14845
Saturday, September 21. added. 30 Montgomery Street
Jersey City, N J . 07302
Some 50 representatives of the Mrs. Diachuk then went on to single WASYL LISCYNESKY
4257 Dentsler Road
districts' branches and district officers out the following organizers for their Supreme Vice-President Parma, Ohio 44134
attended, as did area members of the successes: Michael Kihiczak, Branch
UNA Supreme Assembly, including 496, who enrolled 112 members; Joseph 17 Garthwaite Ter. PAWLO DOROZYNSKY
Supreme President Ulana Diachuk, Chaban, Branch 242, 35 members; Maplewood, N.J. 07040 297 College Street
Supreme Secretary Walter Sochan, Supreme Auditor William Pastuszek,
Supreme Treasurer Alexander Blahit- 21 members. Supreme Director for Canada
ka, Supreme Advisors Roma Hadze- Also cited by the supreme president VASYL LUCHKIW
wycz, Andrew Keybida and Wasyl were: Supreme Auditor Stefan Ha- 327 McAdam Avenue 49 Windmill Lane
Luchkiw,and Honorary Member of the wrysz, 18 members; Dr. Atanas Slu- Winnipeg, Manitoba New City, N.Y. 10956
Supreme Assembly Mary Dushnyck. sarczuk, Branch 174, 16 members; and Canada R2W 0B3
Michael Turko, Branch 63, 14 mem Editor-in-Chief
After a luncheon, Mrs. Diachuk bers. Supreme Vice-Presidentess of Svoboda
began the proceedings by welcoming all Among districts, Mrs. Diachuk noted GLORIA PASCHEN
present and delivering a report on the that the Troy/ Albany District is in first 235 N. Aldine Avenue
30 Montgomery Street
Park Ridge, III. 60068
UNA's over-all organizing results (Continued on page 12) Jersey City, N.J. 07302
WALTER Y. SOCHAN
30 Montgomery Street The Ukrainian Weekly
Jersey City, N.J. 07302 ROMA HADZEWYCZ
30 Montgomery Street
Jersey City, N.J. 07302
ALEXANDER G. BLAHITKA
30 Montgomery Street Director of the
Jersey City, N.J. 07302 Washington Office
SUPREME 400 North Capitol St., N.W.
AUDITING COMMITTEE Suite 859
WILLIAM PASTUSZEK Washington, D.C. 20001
9 So. Chester Road
Swarthmore, Pa. 19081
Manager of Soyuzivka
ANATOLE DOROSHENKO JOHN A. FLIS
Cedarburg, Wise. 53012
Kerhonkson, N.Y. 12446
30 Allenhurst Drive, Apt. 402
Islington, Ont. HONORARY MEMBERS
Canada M9A 4Y8 OF THE
Justin Da Conceicao, son of Mr. and STEFAN HAWRYSZ
Mrs. Michell Da Conceicao of Perth 155 Erdenheim Rd.
Jesse To Feidmus, son of Abe and Philadelphia, Pa. 19118 Sis Peter Ь Paul Residence
Nadlne Feidmus of Englishtown, N.J., Amboy, N.J., is a new member of UNA No. 329
Is a new member of UNA Branch 104 in Branch 104. Justin was enrolled by his TARAS SZMAGALA
221 Miiner Avenue
parents. Scarborough, Ont..
Perth Amboy, N.J. He was enrolled by 10976 Tanager Trail Canada M1S 4P4
his grandparents Maria and Wasyl Brecksville, Ohio 44141
Matkowsky. Mr. Matkowsky is secre STEPAN KUROPAS
tary of Branch 104. SUPREME ADVISORS 3301 N. Newland
TEKLA MOROZ Chicago, III. 60634
345 36th Avenue
Lachine, Quebec JAROSLAW PADOCH
Canada H8T 2A5 71 East 7th Street
New York, N.Y. 10003
6138 N. 12th Street GENEVIEVE ZEREBNIAK
Arlington, Va. 22205 239-C Portage Lakes Dr.
Akron, Ohio 44319
30 Montgomery Street ANNA CHOPEK
Jersey City, N.J. 07302 678 44th Street
Los Alamos, N.M. 87544
281 Urma Avenue WALTER ZAPARANIUK
Clifton, N.J. 07013 1211 Downer Avenue
Utica, N.Y. 13502
16050 Dorset Road MARY DUSHNYCK
Laurel, Md. 20707 2 Marine Avenue
Brooklyn, N.Y. 11209
15 Sands Avenue BOHDAN T. HNATIUK
Ambridge, Pa. 15003 535 Prescott Rd.
Merion Station, Pa. 19066
10 Sunnyside Avenue
Canton, Mass. 02021 1930 Green leaf Street
Bethlehem, Pa. 18017
Melanie Ann Scuderi, daughter of UNA Supreme Director for Canada 19 Rutgers Street
MYRON B. KUROPAS
Frank and Deborah Scuderi, is a new John Hewryk submitted this photo of a Maplewood, N.J. 07040
107 iiehamwood Drive
future reader of The Ukrainian Weekly De Kaib, III. 60115
member of UNA Branch 13 in Water-
vliet, N.Y. She is seen above in the arms and one of the youngest member of HELEN OLEK-SCOTT Very Rev. STEPHEN BiLAK
of her grandfather, Peter Kobasa. Mr. UNA Branch 445 in Winnipeg. She is 7644 W. Rosedale Avenue 1750 Jefferson St., Apt. 301
Kobasa and his wife, Anna, enrolled Victoria Todhunter, who happens to be Chicago, III. 60631 Hollywood, Fla. 33020
little Melanie into the UNA. Mr. Hewryk's granddaughter.
THF UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1991 No. 41
FOR THE RECORD: U.S. statement
at Moscow human rights meeting
Ukrainian WeelclУ Following are excerpts of a statement
delivered on September 16 by Ambassa
dor Max Kampelman, head of the U.S.
delegation, at the Conference on the
Human Dimension held in Moscow.
lics. The Ukrainian Parliament released
all political prisoners after its Declara
tion of Independence; and its Sover
eignty Declaration includes an under
standing to protect the rights and
Peace Corps in Ukraine ...The passing of communism in this
country is welcomed by all. A new
freedoms of all peoples who live within
its borders and not Ukrainiansalone.
The Russian republic gives continued
structure of governance is being creat dramatic evidence of its commitment to
Two weeks ago, U.S. President George Bush and Ukrainian Supreme ed. In one immediate sense, it has democracy, the Rule of Law and politi
Council Chairman Leonid Kravchuk agreed to establish a Peace Corps already, with the enthusiastic approval cal pluralism. We have every confidence
program in Ukraine, which will result in the first placement of U .S. volunteers of our government and the other states that it will resist the temptation of
on what was considered, until most recently, Soviet territory. here, added to our numbers. We are authoritarian government by decree.
now 38 and no longer 35. This brings the Moldavia and Armenia have endorsed
The Peace Corps was founded 30 year? ago, at a time when the thought to mind, however, that the
Berlin Wall was going up and the Iron Curtain sealed off communications and ratified the major international
number 38 might not represent the end human rights documents. A number of
between Eastern Europe/the Soviet Union and the West. of the process. What does this mean? the republics, furthermore, have set up
Could a CSCE consisting of 40 to 45, or parliamentary human rights commit
Today, the Corps is revitalizing, renewing its commitment to its core more states avoid being different from a
mission: to help people in other countries buildbetter lives for themselves and tees and have adopted bilateral agree
CSCE of 35 states? Would further ments protecting the rights of minori
their families. additions produce a change of chem ties.
With the demise of communism, the Peace Corps has made inroads into the istry, a change of approach, a possible We cannot ignore other facts, how
countries of Eastern Europe; within the last two years, it has been invited to change of spirit and perhaps of dedica ever, that cause us concern. We cannot
set up programs in Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Czecho tion. We will have to think seriously be sanguine, for example, about an
slovakia, where it has established English-language teaching programs and about the implications of those possible election, as in Azerbaijan, where the
started small business programs to work with local governments on economic challenges. process produces only one candidate for
development. In Eastern Europe, it also hopes to set up environment The Soviet Union is becoming a president. We read that Uzbekistan has
management and agricultural development programs. different land with a new political taken repressive measures against de
definition. The constructive and sti mocratic forces. Repression is used
According to outgoing Peace Corps Director Paul D. Coverdell, the Peace mulating addresses by President Gorba against Byelorussian political activists.
Corps is the world's largest teacher of English as a second language - chev as well as the remarks from Killings of Ossetians in Georgia conti
teaching more than five million people the language of commerce and President Yeltsin of the Russian Repub nue and are unacceptable blatant viola
international communication. It has also made significant contributions to lic and Foreign Minister Pankin heard tions of CSCE requirements. Indeed,
improving agricultural productivity in various countries. in this hall last week, together with the the inexplicable statements from the
composition of the Soviet delegation head of the government in Georgia seem
These skills, perhaps the most important in a nation such as Ukraine, which have filled us all with a sense of excite to challenge the very essence of CSCE
is undergoing a renaissance, ment as we see a genuine determined principles on ethnic minorities. The
is undergoing a renaissance, will also allow the people of Ukraine to acquaint move toward democracy across this restrictions on fundamental freedoms,
themselves with a new philosophy, one that teaches them to help themselves vast land. The peoples and governments even of the local Georgian population,
instead of waiting for aid to come from the state. Ukraine's citizens will be of this country are moving forward гиш: contrary to all that we aspired to
exposed to programs that promote initiative and the principles of freedom using giant steps, but we must acknow achieve in signing the Charter of Paris.
and democracy. ledge they are giant steps into a vast Increased violence accompanied by
unknown. expulsions and persecution of Arme
It should be underscored that the Peace Corps is a volunteer organization It is no less than tragic that the central nians in Nagorno-Karabakh have
and its goals are to serve the interests and needs of the people who invite them. government of the Soviet Union was a raised expressions of outrage by human
The Peace Corps volunteers, who range in ages from 18 to 70, work for a two- ruthlessly repressive and brutal one. rights groups in my country and else
year period in their assigned country, adapting to local living conditions, The many millions who were deprived where. My government associates itself
learning the language spoken in the host country, understanding its culture. of the opportunity to express and fulfill with those strong protests. We note the
their national, ethnic and religious comments of the Foreign Minister of
The volunteers grow enriched by their foreign experience, and come back traditions,' and aspirations, felt Azerbaijan from the Soviet seat in this
to the United States as informal ambassadors of the country they served; the thoroughly alienated from that central meeting, but in no sense can they justify
experience is one of mutual benefit and the leaders of Ukraine should be government. At the first opportunity — the increasing violence. We condemn all
commended for their pioneering efforts along the long and difficult road of and the opportunity is now — they violence in the area and urge the parties
nation-building. eagerly rush to disassociate themselves to refrain from any action that will serve
from that central government, being to exacerbate this crisis. If the parties
x skeptical of its altered image. This is expect to be a part of the European
understandable, but I trust that as the mainstream, they must work to resolve
republics in this country achieve the dispute by negotiation and not
greater self-government, they will not through armed might, local or central.
Turning the pages back... further deprive themselves of the oppor
tunity to contribute the vivid colors of
We are also aware that none of the
republics is ethnically homogeneous.
their own cultures to a bright rainbow We know, for example, that about 30
of colors stretching in a coordinated million Russians live in those republics
The KGB's diagnosis of mental illness in the case of the way acrosspeoples of land, lighting the outside of Russia and their human
late Gen. Petro Grigorenko, war hero turned human rights skies.that opportunity the a better Union
have for future
rights must be respected. There is a
activist and dissident, was recently reversed. seriously growing problem of internal
free themselves from the
Born on October 16, 1907, Gen. Grigorenko was a firm believer in the Soviet if they can ancient hates and narrow
refugees and the discrimination they
system. He started his career in the Red Army, where he served in three wars and bigotry. This country can be a "united frequently suffer. We know thrtt the
rose to the rank of major-general by 1958. He was twice wounded in World War II, tradition of human rights does nc t have
and received a number of medals. Afterwards, he was a professor and head of the nationalitiesthe miniature" serving as an deep roots in a number of the republics.
cybernetics department at the Frunze Military Academy in Moscow for 16 years. example to world. In that connection, we wonder whether
In 1961 he gave a speech at the 21st Communist Party Congress which marked a We are encouraged by a number of
turning point in his life. In it, he criticized Nikita Khrushchev, corrupt officials and democratic developments in the repub (Continued on page 13)
the privileges of party VIPs and called for the democratization of the Communist
Party. This earned him a reassignment to a remote post in the Far East. While on
leave in Moscow in 1963^ he distributed leaflets for the Alliance for Rebirth of
Leninism, a group he and his son had started. He was arrested and sent to the UNA Fund for the Rebirth of Ukraine
notorious Serbsky Institute of Forensic Psychiatry, where he was diagnosed as
mentally ill, and as a result was sent to Chernyakhovsk Special Psychiatric Hospital
for 14 months.
The Home Office of the Ukrainian National
After he was released he had to work as a porter and longshoreman, because he Association reports that, as of October 9, the
was stripped of his military pension, his rank as general and his membership in the fraternal organization's newly established
Communist Party. He began to champion the cause of the Crimean Tatars exiled in
Central Asia. He testified on behalf of several dissidents in Tashkent in 1969 and Fund for the Rebirth of Ukraine has received
was arrested soon after. A psychiatric commission declared him mentally sound, 9,204 checks from its members with donations
but he was sent back to the Serbsky Institute where a KGB colonel, Dr. Danil totalling 5 2 3 1 , 8 1 5 . 0 1 . The contributions
Lunts, diagnosed him as a "schizophrenic of the paranoid type." He then spent more include individual members' donations, as
than four years in a psychiatric hospital. 'jt і—ю ч^ well as returns of members' dividend checks
His case of psychiatric abuse was the first to be denounced by a Soviet V ^ r^. v l V ^ ' i n t e r e s t payments on promissory notes.
I psychiatrist, Dr. Semyon Gluzman, who wrote that "psychiatry is a branch of
I medicine and' ftbt of реіШІ teW...doctoit Who cbmttiit such inhumane acts us
(Continued on page 11)
No. 4 1 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1991 7
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
many were neither administrative nor
Off base corporate types.
Faces and Places
Third, in his fear that the deputies
on deputies might learn nothing about America's
by Myron B. Kuropas
Dear Editor: problems, Mr. Lempert apparently
When someone is so far off base as forgot about the milieu in which these
David Lempert was in his recent letter deputies were reared. School children in
on the visit to the U.S. by the 13 the Soviet system have for over 70 years
Ukrainian deputies, it is hard to know been well indoctrined concerning all the x
where to begin in trying to correct all the
wrong information. It is also surprising
evils of capitalism (real, exaggerated,
and imagined), which the writer feels
Not everyone listened to their voices'
and depressing that someone with were glossed over when the deputies
visited the U.S. Unless the deputies slept The breakfast for Chairman Leonid his tune. "But," he continued, "in our
Lempert's background (attorney, law Kravchuk at Chicago's posh Mayfair future independent Ukraine things will
teacher and scholar) should be so through all their schooling, they must
have all received a good deal of "in- Regent Hotel on Lake Shore Drive was be much better for women and they will
critical in public about the work of organized by business people which is play a major role in our government."
others when he was so poorly informed struction" in the areas in which Western
society has not sufficiently handled probably why it started on time. - Then, as if remembering her for the first
about it. He claims that the deputies
were "given a glittery view by a small societal ills. By the way, the Soviets Not that Ukrainians were not in- time, he added, "already we have a
group of people for whom our system forgot to tell these people about our volved. Ihor Wyslotsky, president of woman as minister of culture and she's
works best," that the "trip was ar- supermarkets. It was the shock of a Redex, an international packaging performing admirably."
ranged by" a law firm that "represents lifetime, especially for the Communist corporation, and Jaroslava Zelinsky Mr. Kravchuk's most dramatic re-
large corporate and institutional in- members among the group, to see Johnson, Chicago attorney with Hin- marks came later in the day during his
terests" (a crime by definition?), but typical American supermarkets for the shaw and Culbertson specializing in visit to Ukrainian Village where he met
then he ends his letter with the request first time. I guess the U.S. does some- international commerce, were prime with children from Chicago's Saturday
"How about trying to organize some thing right. movers behind the reception. schools who had been brought to the
non-corporate, non-U.S. administra- The trip's main purpose was for the Mr. Wyslotsky and Mrs. Johnson are reception hall just to meet Ukraine's
tion visits" for the deputies "so they can deputies to become acquainted with president and chairperson respectively president. The children sang recited
hear some other views?" To whom is how the U.S. government functions. of the America Ukraine Business poetry, and asked questions. Visibly
this question addressed? It is pretty hard Another was for them to "be seen" and Council. Founded just last August, the moved, Mr. Kravchuk responded in
to organize a trip for 13 legislators to to raise consciousness among non- council's main goal is to open and kind.
visit anywhere without corporate or Ukrainian Americans about Ukraine's maintain markets in Ukraine.
government involvement —why doesn't quest for democracy. Lempert makes "Your parents dreamed of an inde-
the author give it a try himself? Is Mr. no reference to the fact that the de- I had heard that Mr. Kravchuk was a pendent Ukraine," he told the students.
Lempert also so naive as to believe that puties' trip began in Indiana (not smooth operator and I wasn't dis- "And they asked many questions of us.
all of the corporate and administrative normally described as a "glittery" place) appointed. His performance was almost Why wasn't the Ukrainian language
people whom the deputies did meet so that they could learn more about the flawless. He struck all the right chords being spoken in Kiev? Why so much
spoke with one voice and had one interaction between state and federal with his largely Ukrainian audience fear? Why the famine? Why did thou-
viewpoint? government. The deputies had a very which included, among sundry V.I.P.s., sands have to die? Not everyone listened
First among Mr. Lempert's mistakes fruitful experience there and were Ukrainian Chicago's church leaders. to their voices. But they were heard,
is the impression he gives that only one welcomed to and spoke on the floor of "As fast as the Berlin Wall collapsed," even though we had no real ties. Today I
— he intimates nefarious — law firm both chambers of the State legislature. began Mr. Kravchuk, "so did the dark have the honor to tell you children that
underwrote the deputies' trip, when, in While in Washington, the deputies cloud that hovered over us for so many we have declared a sovereign nation-
fact, their trip was made possible by a met with government officials in all years." state and we called it Ukraine...You will
grant from the United Stales Informa- three branches and at many different "No ideological stereotyping will grow up and visit Ukraine and she will
tion Agency, supplemented by some 14 levels, making contacts with their separate us in the future," he continued. be a rich, democratic, industrial state.
other financial supporters, including American counterparts in the process. "My land is your land and together we You will be proud." Powerful words
the AFL-CIO. Second, many different They met with Ukrainian Americans will build a new Ukraine." coming from a former Communist.
individuals and volunteers of varied employed at all levels in the federal
backgrounds coordinated numerous sector, but they were also briefed by As if to affirm Ukraine's new ideolo- As impressed as I was with Mr. Krav-
segments of the deputies' schedules; non-government organizations and gical road, Mr. Kravchuk's remarks chuk's optimism, I was unimpressed
individuals concerned with Ukrainian included references to Taras Shev- with some members of his entourage. I
issues as well as private sector business chenko, Lesya Ukrainka,Mykhailo spent time with one of his ministers and
Urges change enterprises. They were given much
reading material on the U.S. system,
Hrushevsky, and other revered national
he seemed more concerned with his low
wages and poor living conditions than
of anthem including government reports that
included complex issues and problems As enthusiastic as he seemed to be with anything else. Others struck me as
about Ukraine's future, Mr. Kravchuk little different from Soviet bureaucrats I
Dear Editor: common to all legislators. had encountered many times before —
This letter is being written to ques- did not paint an entirely rosy picture
As any tourists coming here, the for the short run. There are hurdles, he glassy-eyed,dull, uncommunicative,
tion our national anthem. I feel that if I impersonal, unidimensional know-it-
have these thoughts, others may -be deputies toured Washington's monu- admitted. Western Ukraine is moving
ments and public sites. They were also faster than eastern Ukraine where alls. If they represent Ukraine's future,
thinking the same and maybe some we're all in trouble.
good will come of it. guests at evening dinner parties held in private ownership and property are still
Maryland, Washington, D.C., and viewed with suspicion, he said. "Eastern
The music in our national anthem is Virginia, to which many people were Although his reception in Ukrainian
lovely, but I question the lyrics. I believe Ukraine still has a collective mentality. Village was cordial, the UCCA unoffi-
invited. The night before the deputies Much relearning lies ahead." Despite
we have been inflicting a great injustice left for New York, they were guests of cially boycotted his visit. Other Ukrai-
to our Ukraine by singing these words, problems, however, Mr. Kravchuk's nians voiced their displeasure more
honor at a large community dinner consistent message was one of "we will
"Ukraine has not yet died" or "Shche Ne (which cost something like S25 a per- openly. Some 20 picketers marched
Vmerla Ukraina." Our anthem is a overcome." across the street from the meeting hall
son). The deputies were seated not at a
prayer; and a prayer, to be answered head table but singly among the appro- Time and time again he mentioned showing their displeasure with signs and
quickly, should never be in the nega- ximately 400 other people attending. Ukraine's independence and his convic- shouts. I interviewed one of the protes-
tive. In the past 20 to 30 years, I have (Deputy Ivan Zayets, for instance, sat tion that Ukraine's December referen- tors who politely explained that most of
been able to disseminate this informa- with a group of students.) The at- dum will pass overwhelmingly. "I can't them were recent arrivals from Ukraine.
tion to a few Ukrainians and to my mosphere was free and informal and imagine our people voting not to be "We know Kravchuk" he told me. "He's
relatives here and in Lviv. I suggested anyone could approach the deputies to free," he said. an apparatchik, part of the nomenklatura
that "Ukraine still lives" instead of "has speak with them, which many people that kept us supressed for so many
not yet died," and my comments were Asked about the KGB, Mr. Krav- years. He's an opportunist. He comes
did. It was a heartwarming, truly chuk assured his audience that steps are
well received. community event and one at which the here and says what you want to hear.
In these critical times for the indepen- being taken to corral the dread organi- Don't trust him. Ukraine needs to go
deputies expressed their great pride in zation. It won't be easy, he suggested.
dence of our country, every prayer is the Ukrainian life they observed in the forward. With Kravchuk it will go
vital. Would it be possible to have the People who were next in line to take nowhere."
United States. Years of Soviet propa- important posts in the KGB are very
lyrics changed? I am convinced, if ganda would have led them to believe
positive words were used, Ukraine bitter because they see no future. "To
that the Ukrainians in the diaspora had really reform the KGB we need to train A leaflet distributed by the pro-
would have complete independence forgotten their culture and their native testors declared that Ukraine needs "a
within one year. our people, our own specialists," he
language, and those of the deputies who explained. leader with qualities that will benefit the
We have not yet won our indepen- were in the U.S. for the first time entire nation. Qualities of integrity,
dence, for there are still a lot of pitfalls expressed their happiness that this was Asked why there were so few women honesty, belief in a free democratic
ahead. Is it possible to change these not only not the case but that so many in high government posts, Mr. Krav- government and society and most of all
words and disseminate them through- Ukrainian Americans have become chuk struck his first sour note. "Wo- an inborn love of Ukraine and its people
out Ukraine? Do we have the right successful and respected members of men have so many responsibilities," he — not adopted politically for his own
contacts, the organization, and the American society as well, despite having began, "at home, raising children, selfish motives and gains."
proper drive to effect this change? begun life here as penniless World War standing in line to get food, how can we
II immigrants. also expect them to be involved with Mr. Kravchuk is obviously not their
O. Kuchar government?" Sensing that his remarks candidate. In December we'll know if
Manchester, N.H. (Continued on page 14) were raising hackles, he quickly changed he's Ukraine's candidate.
THE UKRAINIAN WFEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1991 No. 41
Thousands participate in international commemorations for victim;
(Continued from page 1) people, the official delegations bearing
the ravine in a park not far from the wreaths walking the "path of death"
current monument, where the Ukrai- taken by the victims through an old
nian and Kiev city authorities put up a Jewish cemetery to the menorah, where
large menorah in memory of the Jewish they lay their flowers and candles in
victims, who were the primary victims memory of the dead.
killed in the first few days beginning The delegations then proceeded
September 29, 1941. through the park to an open air stage
At that spot, leaders of Kiev's Jewish where the memorial ceremonies took
community and survivors recalled how place, including addresses by the heads
the Soviet authorities denied the Jewish of the official delegations, including
and national nature of the tragedy and Ukrainian Supreme Council Chairman
would forcibly disperse anyone who Leonid Kravchuk, U.S. Special Envoy
visited the ravine on its anniversary. Jonathan Bush, Israeli Education and
Culture Minister Hammer, German
For 48 years, one survivor, Raisa
Vice-President Rita Susmut and USSR
Dashkevych of Kiev, recalled as she
special envoy Alexander Yakovlev.
stood above the ravine, she re-
mained silent about the fact that she had "Dear friends! The history of rela-
survived and was afraid to admit she tions between the Ukrainian and Jewish
was Jewish in an environment "where peoples is complex and dramatic," said
the Communist Party wished to erase Mr. Kravchuk during his address. "It's
all national and religious distinctions." had its light and its dark pages. Not one
The weeklong series of commemora- of us has the right to forget anything.
tions, photo and document exhibits, a But we should remember not in order to
rub open old wounds, but in order that
scholarly conference, various round-
we never let them happen again in the
table discussions, concerts, a ceremony
future. May our memories include more
honoring "righteous" Ukrainians who
often that which unites us and not the
saved Jews during the Holocaust and
differences between our peoples," said
the final weekend of events were all
geared at bringing out the truth about
Soviet silence and anti-Semitism in "The Ukrainian state guarantees all
addition to the Nazi genocide, begun people equal rights and respect irrespec-
with Babyn Yar. tive of their national or social heritage,
"The new Ukrainian government is race or color of their skin, political
now making efforts to remember, not to beliefs or religious c o n v i c t i o n s . All
forget, to admit that most of the people n a t i o n a l m i n o r i t i e s will h a v e e q u a l
who were exterminated were Jews. It possibilities for their development, will
A menorah, honoring the massacred Jewish victims of Babyn Yar,is
means that they want to open a new be active participants in building our
unveiled near the ravine.
page in relations between the Jewish independent Ukrainian state...
people and the Ukrainian people," said "Before the whole world we declare
Zvulun Hammer, Israel's minister of the unacceptability today of the ideolo-
education and culture, during the gical c o n s i d e r a t i o n s of the former
opening last week of the first Jewish regime in Ukraine, which disregarded
school in Kiev in 50 years. human rights and the rights of nations,
hid the historic truth about the tragedy
"The will to renew Jewish life here, of Babyn Yar from people, that the
for instance, with schools that will be majority of victims of the mass shoot-
initiated by Israel, by the Jewish dias- ings fell to the fate of Jews. This was
pora and the community in Kiev, are genocide and the guilt lies not only with
signs that there is a will — and I know the fascists, but those who didn't stop
there is a will — I have spoken to deputy the murderers. Part of it we take on
c h a i r m a n of U k r a i n e ' s P a r l i a m e n t ourselves. Today's sad ceremonies —
(Volodymyr) Hryniov when he visited are also an appropriate opportunity to
Israel recently and the M i n i s t e r of apologize before the Jewish people,
Culture Larysa Korolets — and I feel a g a i n s t which so m a n y injustices
that they want to strengthen and deepen occured in our history. It is difficult, but
relations with the state of Israel," said necessary that people admit their mis-
Mr. Hammer during the October 3 t a k e s a n d a p o l o g i z e . W i t h o u t this
opening. "It means not to forgive, but it progress is impossible."
means that we want to remember what
happened and we're opening new pages In another gesture, Mr. Kravchuk re-
in our relations and I think it's positive." iterated his support of U.S. President
George Bush's initiative for a review by
During the October 3 official dedica- the United Nations of its evaluation of
tion of the Jewish school in a former Zionism as racism in its documents.
Ukrainian kindergarten in Kiev's Obo-
Chairman Kravchuk also presented
lon district, Rabbi Yakov Bleich, an
Kiev's Jewish community, represented
American rabbi running the Ukrainian
by Rabbi Bleich, with a century-old
capital's only synagogue, called the
Torah from the Ukrainian government
school a "ray of hope" for the reviving
city's Jewish community.
Well-known American actors Cliff
Some 270 children are registered at Robertson and Tony Randall, Jewish
the school, with about as many appli- actor Chaim Topol and Ukrainian actor
cants for enrollment in the grades 1-11 Bohdan Stupka then read fragments
program, taught in Hebrew, Ukrainian, from the "Black Book" of Elias Eren-
R u s s i a n a n d English, a c c o r d i n g to berg and Vasily Grossman. Renowned
school administrators. Russian poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko
The Ukrainian government has also joined the actors in a dramatic reading
initiated a competition for best design of his poem, "Babyn Yar."
of a new monument to the victims of The event ended with a premiere
Babyn Yar, focusing on the Jewish symphonic performance of the requiem
tragedy, as well as a memorial complex " B a b y n Y a r , " w r i t t e n by D m y t r o
to include a library of archives and Pavlychko and composed by Yevhen
documents, a concert and meeting halls, Stankevych.
a place for inter-faith religious services The week's events were concluded on
and more. The complex will be built on Sunday, October 6 with an mter-
a spot in the same park in northwestern confessional memorial service at the
Kiev where the ravine is located. site of the massacre and an evening
The events culminated at dusk on performance of the "Babyn Yar" re-
Saturday, October 5, with thousands of quiem at Kiev's Opera House.
Representatives of Kiev's City Council lay a wreath at the Babyn Yar The official U.S.
All photos on these pages by Chrysiyna Lapychak and Taras Szmagala. monument during week-long ceremonies in Kiev.
THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1991 9
)f Babyn Yar tragedy during weeklong events in Kiev
at In the opening of the first Jewish Waving an Israeli Hag, a Kievan takes part in One man holds a photo of his family members who perished in Babyn Yar, as others
hool s- if k .
J . M I in Kiev. the 50th anniversary commemorations. place flowers at the foot of the monument.
jation to Babyn Yar, headed by President George Bush's brother, Jon, also
includes UNA Supreme Auditor Tares Szmagala. At a ceremony for the righteous, Ukrainians who saved Jews are honored.
ю THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1991 No. 41
Dmytro... country if they think this was only an act
of parliament and not the will of the
George Bush and Canadian Prime
Minister Brian Mulroney, commenting
asked his audience to remember that
"economic aid is an aid to democracy."
(Continued from page 3) people? And we cannot be afraid of our that both Mulroney and Bush had
people," the Ukrainian poet continued. expressed a particular interest in U- Presidential elections
Ukraine does not want a system that
includes political prisoners, but, he kraine's role in the disintegration of the Mr. Pavlychko concluded his lecture
added, the communists must understand Economic independence Soviet Union. with comments on the upcoming
that their party is no longer the ruling Mr. Pavlychko also spoke about He added that Mr. Bush had called presidential elections, stating he was not
party and they must begin as the demo Ukraine's need for economic indepen Ukrainian Americans "a numerous and overly concerned with the outcome. In
crats began, from scratch. And the dence. He pointed out that a Ukraine influential force" in the United States. the new Ukraine, he explained, the
Communist Party poses no threat, he dependent on a centralized monetary (Pavlychko and many of those present people will not rely on the President; the
continued, because it was hollow unit issued in Moscow cannot survive. were duly amused by this reference in President will rely on the people. There
to begin with. People joined to "What happens if they refuse to distri light of Bush's recent remarks in Kiev). are, he continued, nearly 50 presidential
get ahead, to further their careers, to bute their money in Ukraine? We can't During his previous visit to Washington candidates, some supported only by
make life a little easier. Now the party is pay our workers. And how can we deal (in April), Mr. Pavlychko noted, he was their wives. "So you can see we are
disbanded and not one of the three with an international market with told by American officials that an becoming very democratic," he mused.
million communists came forth to currency that is virtually worthless?" independent Ukraine would be recog He referred to Ukraine's distant past
protest. No one came out waving a red In the near future, he continued, nized only when it had its own money, as a precedent for democracy in con
flag. No one started a hunger strike. Ukraine will be issuing its own money; its own army, its own borders. "Now," temporary Ukraine. "During the Middle
"And our old enemies in the communist in the interim it will circulate special he quipped, "the same people are saying Ages, Ukraine was the only democratic
press are silent or are now praising us. checks (coupons) which Ukraine's citi let's wait for the referendum. And I state in Europe. We had no kings, we
Ukrainian radio wakes the country up zens can use domestically in lieu of the think that's when full recognition will had elected Kozak leaders. Maybe if we
at six a.m. with the Ukrainian national ruble. These coupons are already being come... I hope." had kings we would be better off today,"
anthem. A blue and yellow flag flies printed in France, explained Mr. Mr. Pavlychko added that during he joked. The program concluded with
over the old KGB building," he con Pavlychko. several meetings in Washington, many several questions from the floor on
cluded. concrete points were raised on the issue topics ranging from Chornobyl to Mr.
Mr. Pavlychko was adamant about On the new democratic Russia and on of economic aid to Ukraine and on the Pavlychko's past as a member of the
his support for the referendum sche Boris Yeltsin, Mr. Pavlychko was evolution of trade between Ukraine and Communist Party.
duled for December 1. He acknow ambivalent. He stated that relations the United States. He then issued a That afternoon Mr. Pavlychko was
ledged that some people considered the between Yeltsin and Ukrainian leaders direct invitation to those present to taken to the Philadelphia Inquirer by
referendum a mistake, but defended it were amicable, but cautioned that invest in Ukraine's future, offering the UHRC President Ulana Mazurkevich
as a democratic necessity. "We want all Yeltsin's desire to maintain an econo assurance that American investors for an interview with Trudi Rubin, a
our people to have a voice in this ...the mic union is suspect as it might be a would be very welcome in Ukraine and member of the Inquirer's editorial
Baltic republics held referendums ...we step toward other ties in which Ukraine would be given favorable economic board. There Ms. Mazurkevich learned
firmly believe that Ukrainians and non- would once again be relegated to the incentives. He also enumerated U- that the Inquirer's policy regarding
Ukrainian minorities will support it,"he status of "little brother." Yeltsin, he kraine's resources. "Ukraine produces, stories about "the Ukraine" will soon
said. added, has already proposed that Rus he said, "80 percent of the world's reflect a new editorial decisions. The
Minority rights under the commu sia and Ukraine share a joint military titanium, 25 percent of the world's man- offensive "the" is to be eliminated. On
nists were trampled as badly as Ukrai force. Ukraine has rejected the propo ganes, 20 percent of the world's sulfur. Friday, October 4, Ms. Rubin's article
nian rights, he noted, and the minori sal. The Ukrainian army will be a And we have large deposits of gold. We on the Soviet economy was partially
ties will choose to dissociate themselves Ukrainian army. can exist as a separate industrial and based on information gathered during
from the center that abused those rights Ukraine, he continued, wants good agricultural state, but the old system her interview with Mr. Pavlychko.
and will vote for an independent Ukrai relations with its neighbors, but these made us the worst industrial power in Ukraine, frequently mentioned in the
nian state. He added that the referen neighbors must recognize Ukraine as an the world. We need technology and we article, was not once preceded with the
dum would be a mandate from the equal, not an inferior. He stated that need engineers," he explained. He also "the."
people that would validate the parlia diplomatic relations had already been
mentary declaration of independence. established with Hungary, Poland,
"We want no word of criticism from Austria and Greece and that he hoped
Moscow that the declaration had no the United States and Canada would Notipe
grassroots support. And how will other soon follow suit. He seemed encouraged
nations recognize us as an independent by recent meetings with President UNA — financially healthy:
DEAR READERS fact or fiction?
You may have read about certain bank and insurance company failures
and/or takeovers by regulatory state agencies. If you are concerned about
The Ukrainian National Association offers a variety of products and your insurance coverage with the Ukrainian National Association, please
services, some of which you may not be aware of. These include:
rices, don't. The UNA is not in any danger!
In these times of speculation and rumors, we feel it prudent to state some
SERVICES pertinent facts:
1. The UNA invests and always has invested in the highest quality bonds.
These services are available at no charge to members Ninety-three percent of the S48 million in our bond portfolio is rated in the
Complete review of your present insurance portfolio highest quality possible as determined by the National Association of
" Personal financial planning
" Advice from tax and estate planning attorneys
Insurance Commissioners which is the foremost authority on valuation of
" Professionally trained insurance consultants to assist you securities.
Another 6.5 percent is in the next highest quality category. To summarize:
PRODUCTS 99.5 percent of our entire bond portfolio is graded either highest or high
quality. Therefore, 76 percent of our total assets of 565,603.645 (as of June 30,
Tax deferred savings plans currently paying IWK interest 1991) are invested in the two highest quality grades of bonds.
Term insurance 2. The UNA has invested approximately S5 million in first mortgages for
Life insurance: our members' home or churches. This represents eight percent of our total
" Universal life insurance assets. By limiting loans to a maximum of 66 percent of the appraised value
" Income replacement insurance in the event of a disability not exceeding 5100,000, to 20-30 percent drop in value of real estate
Coverage for nursing home confinements in the northeast during the recessionary period did not adversely affect the
College education savings plans security of our mortgage loans since we had a 34 percent cushion.
" Individual Retirement Accounts (IRA) currently paying 7Wo 3. The UNA granted a mortgage on the UNA building and the balance as of
Last to die policies for estate and business planning June 30, 1991 is approximately S6 million or 12.5 percent of our assets. The
THE UNA ALSO OFFERS RESIDENTIAL FIRST MORTAGES. market value of this building conservatively calculated, based on today's
market,would not only satisfy this S6 million and the promissory notes to our
To inquire about any of these products or services, please complete the members of S7.8 million but the UNA would receive approximately S13
information requested below and mail to: Ukrainian National Association, million in addition.
Director of Insurance Operations, 30 Montgomery Street, Jersey City, N J . 4. The UNA has no debt.
07302. For faster service, call us at (201) 451-2200.
5. The UNA has actuarial reserves set up in excess of S34 million for our
obligations to our members.
6. The UNA has more than S20 million in surplus funds for the added
protection of our members.
7. The UNA is regularly audited by the N.J. Insurance Department, New
DATE OF BIRTH:. Jersey Division of Taxation, I.R.S., and an independent CPA firm.
8. The UNA has not received a substandard audit report during its 97-year
I trust the above statistics confirm your confidence in the financial strength
PHONE: of the UNA. I would be happy to further discuss these points as well as
anything else about which you may have a question.
1 BEST TIME TO CALL: Please write or call the UNA Home Office, 30 Montgomery St., Jersey
City, NJ 07302, (201) 451-2200.
PRODUCT/SERVICE OF INTEREST:
No. 41 E KY
THE UKRAINIAN W E L CO E
SUNDAY, O T B R 13, 1991 11
International festival tO hOSt Ukrainian poet Turning the pages...
(Continued from page 6)
by Oksana Zakydalsky schooling years fell during the Khrush
chev thaw after 1956. confining sane people to psychiatric hospitals should be prosecuted." He was
TORONTO - It is becoming an He entered Kiev University in 1963 to sentenced to 10 years in the Gulag.
annual tradition. In 1989 Ivan Drach study Ukrainian language and litera A 13-member commission formed by the military prosecutor's office in 1991
became the first writer from Ukraine to ture, transferred to the University of upheld Dr. Gluzman's treatise and called the insanity diagnosis "completely
be invited to the International Festival Donetske in 1966 but was soon dis wrong" in July of this year.
of Authors; last year, Ihor Kalynets missed for "nationalist agitation." He "My trouble was that I had the bad habit of thinking for myself," said Gen.
read his poetry at the festival. This year had let other students read Ivan Grigorenko. He was released from the psychiatric institutions, which he called
poet Vasyl Holoborodko, of Luhanske, Dziuba's "Internationalism or Russifi- "prisons," in 1974.
eastern Ukraine, has been invited to cation." In 1976 he helped found the Moscow and Ukrainian Helsinki Groups. In 1977 he
take part in the 10-day festival. Years of persecution and harassment came to the United States for surgery. While in the U.S., his Soviet citizenship was
Billed as "the largest annual literary followed. He served in the army 1968- revoked due to his "carrying out actions incompatible with citizenship in the
festival in the world," this year's event, 1970 and then worked in the mines, on a USSR." He was granted asylum within one day, and lived in the U.S. until his
to be held from October 18-26, will collective farm and at various jobs, death.
feature 68 authors from 30 countries, having no profession. In 1988 his first He formed the External Representation of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group in
including such well-known writers as book was published in Ukraine and he 1978, and in 1983 published a 462-page autobiography and account of the trials and
Doris Lessing from the United King became a member of the Writers' psychiatric institutions of which he was a prisoner.
dom, Ivan Klima from Czecho-Slovakia, Union. Only then was he able to devote Gen. Grigorenko died in New York City on February 21, 1987.
and Nicholas Bouvier from Switzer himself full time to writing.
land. Mr. Holoborodko will give his He made his publishing debut in 1963
reading on Thursday, October 24, and and his poetry continued to be printed. SELF RELIANCE (JC) FEDERAL CREDIT U N I O N p
will appear on the same program with until 1969. But between 1969 and 1988, 558 Summit Avenue Ш Jersey City, N.J. 07306 0
Margaret Avison, considered one of not a single line of writing by Mr.
Canada's finest poets, and Kirsti Si- Holoborodko appeared in Ukraine. In LOAN SALE \
monsuuri, a Finnish poet and novelist. 1970, Smoloskyp published a collection
Mr. Holoborodko was born in 1945,
of his poetry in the United States under ONLY ІЗГо INTEREST \
the title "The Flying Window."
in a village of the mining oblast of In 1988, Mr. Holoborodko's first ш We offer seasonal loans И
Donetske. His grandparents had been collection of poetry published in Ш Maximum term is 12 months В
branded kulaks during collectivization, Ш These loans include, but are not strictly limited to the following: 5
their property confiscated and the (Continued on page 16)
^sssssssssssssssssss VACATION m TAX PAYMENT " AUTO REPAIR " HOLIDAY SPECIALS
family exiled to the Urals. This family Українська фірма
'stigma' prevented Mr. Holoborodko's HOME REPAIR
siblings from attending even a secon „КАРПАТИ" Co-maker a n d / o r collateral m a y be required on a n y loan at the discretion of the loan office
Займається: ремонтами і пере or credit committee.
dary school and he himself was able to будовою домів і підвальних
get an education only because his приміщень (basement). Plumb Telephone Number: (201) 795-4061. Fax Number: (201) 795-4868
ing, Bathrooms, Tiles, Electric, OR CALL OUR LOAN REPRESENTATIVE! ^
UKRAINIAN SINGLES Carpentry, Painting, Welding,
NEWSLETTER Roofing, Brick Pointing, Painting
and Decorating. Fully insured.
Serving Ukrainian singles of all ages
Needed a SECRETARY with
throughout the United States and Canada.
knowledge of Ukrainian u English. A high ranking Ukrainian Government Delegation will
For information send a self-addressed
stamped envelope to: -
languages. Preferred age - be in Boston and Washington, D.C. from October 20-
Single Ukrainians 28,1991 to meet with principals interested in doing
P.O. Box 24733, Phila., Pa. 19111 Vasili Cholak, (718) 545-3611
business with Ukraine, specifically in privatization,
banking, commodity fc stock exchange.
Intes, Inc. an American trading company servicing the interests of the
SHOW YOUR TRUE COLORS! American business community in Ukraine arid other republics in the
Ukrainian S American flags available. former U.S.S.R. is organizing multiple or one on one working
Flags each 522.00 or both for 532.00. meetings/conferences with members of the delegation.
Free apparel catalogue available. Any interested parties, please FAX or telephone your specific interests
Trident Apparel P.O. Box 91837 to us, so that we may tailor a con ference of mulual benefit.
Long Beach, CA 90809 - 1837 (213) 439-3878
Add S3.00 for shipping and handling. Allow 3 weeks. More detailed information to follow in the next issue of The Ukrainian Weekly.
Please reply by Friday, October 18, for Boston meetings;
October 24th for Washington, D.C. meetings.
IP0LAND...HUNGARY...EAST GERMANYl Д No registration will be taken after these dates.
BUMPER STICKERS I N GLORIOUS COLORS
Boston New York
P.O. Box 6 Snug Harbor, Duxbury, MA 02331
Send J 2 / 1 , Я . 5 0 Є О . / 5 , S l . 2 5 еа./БО or Я е а . / l O O t e :
Ms. L. Wild, 3228 Birchtree La., Silver Spring, MD 20906
Tel.: 617-934-5454 Fax: 617-934-7301
If your destination is
The right ^
Kiev, fly SAS from North
America via Copenhagen
to Moscow. The daily flight
from Copenhagen to Moscow
connects easily with onward
transportation to Kiev. While in
Copenhagen Airport, visit the large
shopping center for wonderful savings
at the tax free shops. Mileage Plus and
to OnePass members earn mileage credit
that may be redeemed later for free
travel awards on SAS. For more
information contact your travel agent
Kiev or SAS at 1-800/221-2350.
12 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1S91 Mo. 4 1
NJ.-N.Y. ... this trial works out well in the UNA's
SPECIALIZING IN QUALITY FAMILY 3t COSMETIC home state, professionals will be hired
(Continued from page 5) for other areas as well.
DENTISTRY place with 76 percent of its membership
Mrs. Diachuk then spoke about other
We have provided the Ukrainian American community with 18 years of UNA activity, including the upcoming
q u o t a filled, while S h a m o k i n is in
gentle dental care for children and adults utilizing the most modern equipment centennial of the Ukrainian National
second place with 74 percent. They are
and up-to-date techniques. We formulate preventive and comprehensive Association, which she urged all
followed by: Boston, Montreal, Wilkes-
programs for each patient according to his personal needs. b r a n c h e s a n d districts t o celebrate
Barre a n d Passaic, w h o have each
a p p r o p r i a t e l y , a n d aid t o U k r a i n e ,
attained at least 50 percent of their
ROBERT PAUL KEYBIDA, D.M.D. quotas.
including a project to fund English-
language courses in Ukraine that will be
In Canada, organizing results show
1855 Springfield Avenue, Maplewood, N.J. 07040 organized by Zirka Voronka and Prof.
t h a t t h e q u o t a is filled by only 29
Call for daily/evening appointments: (201) 761-4831 Luchkiw and will utilize volunteers who
percent, with only 63 members out of
replied to a recent article in The Ukrai-
Insurance plans accepted. Emergencies at all times. the desired 220 being enrolled.
New patients are welcome for a thorough examination and private consultation. Next on the agenda were the or
Mr. Sochan, the supreme secretary,
ganizing reports of each district.
n o t e d a positive t r e n d in U N A or
First to report was Supreme Advisor ganizing activity, namely that the face
Luchkiw,who is also chairman of the v a l u e of life i n s u r a n c e certificates
New York City District. Thus far this purchased by new members has in
year, his district has enlisted 60 new creased markedly and now is more than
Houses repossessed by the bank:
members insured for 5429,000, meeting 57,000 on the average. He then went on
In U n i o n , N . J . : 39 percent of its quota for 1991. The top to describe the UNA's most popular
3-family and 2-family houses, located next to each other. organizer is Barbara Bachynsky with 12 insurance plans and their advantages,
members insured for 588,000. Others a n d r e p o r t e d on new policies n o w
In G a r f i e l d , N.J.:
who have enrolled at least five members offered, including term policies and two
One-family house. types of annuity certificates, as well as
are: Mr. Luchkiw, Mychajlo Juzeniw,
The above houses are located in exceptionally nice areas. Maria Kulczycky, John Pryhoda and one that is in the preparatory stages, a
For further information call: George Jurkiw. universal life certificate.
SELFRELIANCE (N.Y.) FEDERAL CREDIT UNION Michael Zacharko, chairman of the The supreme secretary emphasized to
Perth Amboy District, stated that his district and branch representatives that
108 2nd Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10003 district had enrolled 12 members in the Home Office is always available for
Tel: (212) 473-7310 Attn: Mr. L Zielyk sured for 5113,000. Its quota has been information, explanations and advice
met by 22 percent. Top organizers are on the UNA's insurance plans. In fact,
Mr. Zacharko with four members, and interested persons may call the UNA for
Irena Pender with three. insurance information via a toll-free
The chairman of the Newark District number (1-800-253-9862).
TORGSYN ТОРГСИН TORGSYN ^415^752-5546 Committee, Roman Pyndus, reported Supreme Treasurer Blahitka spoke
\ - - л л ^ r^. . ^ . л - л л ч л , (415)752-5721
5542 Geary Blvd., San Francisco, CA 9 4 1 2 1 (415)752 5721 (FAX) that 39 percent of the 1991 quota has on a variety of financial matters, in
been met t h u s far. Thirty-five new cluding the UNA's investments, which,
members insured for 5450,000 have he stressed, are safely invested in the
WE HAVE ALL THE ITEMS WHICH ARE VERY POPULAR IN THE USSR been organized by the district's h i g h e s t q u a l i t y b o n d s (in fact, 93
THE LOWEST PRICES IN THE U.S.A. WE TAKE ORDERS OVER THE PHONE FROM ANY CITY IN THE U.S.A. OR FROM OTHER
secretaries and organizers. Those who percent of the UNA's bond holdings are
COUNTRIES. WE SELL CARS FOR RELATIVES IN THE USSR. WE TRANSFERE MONEY. have enrolled at least five new members in the highest class of bonds, while an
are: Myroslaw Deresz, Eugene Makar, additional 6.5 percent are in the second
1. No. (number) M C 145 Net Weight: 18.1 lbs л
Cars ("LADA") Roman Lapychak and Teofil Kleban. highest category.)
N a m e : "Holiday Price: S I 2 4
from S5.600| Walter Bilyk, chairman of the Jersey M r . B l a h i t k a also n o t e d t h e p o
TV-SETS 4. No. (number) M C I 53 " Refrigerators
Net Weight: 18 lbs Name: from S500l City UNA District, noted that 14 new pularity of the Soyuzivka resort,
Price: S I 2 9 "Homemaker" ' Health spa packages CALL I members had been enrolled for total pointing out that the UNA will continue
CAMCORDERS 2. No. (number) M C I 4 6 Net Weight: 17.4 lbs ' Condominiums CALL insurance coverage of 5123,000, and to renovate its facilities; reported that
N a m e : "Family Price: S 8 9 " Dishwashers
fVoltage 1 2 7 / 2 2 0
Parcel" from S500J that the quota had been met by only 19 income from the UNA building had
COMPUTERS 5. No. (number) M C I 54
Net Weight: 18 lbs N a m e : "Children
Landry machines percent. However, he added that he felt increased from the previous year; and
W I T H RUSSIAN from S550|
Price: S I 14
the organizing quota for his district was noted that more than 5225,000 had been
3. No. (number) M C I 52 Net Weight: 13.4 lbs
from S2.000J much too high in view of the fact that collected in donations toward the UNA
N a m e : " M e a t Parcel" Price: SvS
many Ukrainians have moved out of the Fund for the Rebirth of Ukraine. He
immediate area. Mr. Bilyk is the top then detailed some of the projects that
Duty-free.1 Prompt Jo-Door Delivery At No Charge! organizer of the district with seven new the fund has supported in the past, as
DELIVERED WITHIN 5 DAYS IN THE MOSCOW REGION members. well as new grants, including 550,000
OR WITHIN 15 TO 20 DAYS ELSEWHERE IN THE USSR The Passaic District Committee was for U k r a i n i a n - l a n g u a g e r e a d e r s for
Our store ships and delivers ail kinds of radio represented by its vice-chairman, Hry- Ukraine, 510,000 to the Sabre Found
and electronic equipment to the USSR HOURS: Monday - Wednesday horiy Klymenko. He reported that his ation for shipment of books to Ukraine,
with prepaid custom's fee or without it. Thursday - Saturday
district h a d organized 15 m e m b e r s and 515,000 for Harvard University's
insured for 553,000, and thus had filled P r o g r a m on E c o n o m i c R e f o r m in
50 percent of its 1991 q u o t a . T h e Ukraine.
Detroit, Mich. District Committee of UNA Branches district's top organizer is Julian Kotlar, At the conclusion of the meeeting,
announces that its who signed up 12 new members. Mrs. D i a c h u k a n n o u n c e d t h a t M r .
The supreme president took the floor Zacharko, chairman of the Perth
DISTRICT ORGANIZATIONAL MEETING again to report that the UNA as of Amboy District Committee, had been
September 5 had hired four salesmen selected for honorable mention among
will be held on
for its professional i n s u r a n c e sales nominees for UNA Fraternalist of the
S u n d a y , October 27 p 1 9 9 1 a t 1 0 : 0 0 a . m . department. These salesmen, she said, Year. She presented Mr. Zacharko with
o f the Ukrainian Cultural Center will work in the New Jersey area, but if a specially prepared certificate.
26601 Ryan Road, Warren, Michigan
Obligated to attend the meeting are District Committee Officers, Branch Officers
and 32nd Convention Delegates of the following Branches:
20, 7 5 , 8 2 , 9 4 , 1 4 6 , 1 6 5 , 1 6 7 , 1 7 4 , 1 7 5 , 183, 2 3 5 ,
292, 3 0 2 , 303, 3 0 9 , 3 4 1 , 4 6 3 , 5 0 4
All UNA mbers are welcome as guests at the meeting
2. Review of the District's 1991 organizational activities N A M E BRAND 1 1 0 - 2 2 0 V APPLIANCES
3. Address by UNA Supreme Secretary 1-800-235-7860
4. General UNA topics 2358 W. Devon Avenue Tel:: (312) 973-4227
5. Adoptation of membership campaign plan for the balance Chicago, HI. 60659 Fax: (312) 973-1589
of the current year
6. Questions and answers
7. Adjournment WE CONVERT VIDEO TAPES FROM PAL-SECUM TO AMERICAN (NTSC)
WE SELL ALL NAME BRANDS IN VIDEO CAMERAS Д VIDEO RECORDERS FOR
Meeting will be attended by:
W a l t e r S o c h a n , UNA Supreme Secretary WE CARRY SEWING MACHINES fit KNITTING MACHINES FOR UKRAINE.
ALL KINDS OF 220V APPLIANCES TOR UKRAINE.
For the DISTRICT COMMITTEE:
WE UNDERTAKE DIRECT SHIPMENTS TO UKRAINE.
Dr. Alexander Serafyn, Chairman
MAIL ORDERS ACCEPTED. (CALL TOLL FREE 1-800-235-7860)
j Roman Lazarchuk, Secretary Jaroslaw Baziuk, Treasurer
" V ихКА^-іЛ^ WETL Si'WDJ\Y ОС^ВгГ
m VIDEO TAPES
ш LANGUAGE TAPES
m CHILDREN'S BOOKS
V1DE0CASSETTE CONVERSIONS m MAIL ORDER CATALOG
Audio Cassette duplication
from any worldwide system to American
compact disc replication
using Super Hy Grade tape
Audio cassette duplication from
1/4" tape, D T or cassette
Box 3 2 5
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We speak Ukrainian Beaconsfield, Q u e . , C a n a d a
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Electro-Nova Productions H9W-5T8
SENKO FUNERAL HOMES 342 Madison Ave. NYC, NY Tel. ( 5 1 4 ) 6 3 0 - 9 8 5 8
New York's only Ukrainian family owned (212) 687-5838 Fax. ( 5 1 4 ) 6 3 0 - 9 9 6 0
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Я Traditional Ukrainian services per
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U Funerals arranged throughout Bkiyn, ATTENTION NEW JERSEY INSUREDS!!!
Bronx, New York, Queens, Long Island,
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Ш Holy Spirit, St. Andrews Cem. A all
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Ш Pre-need arrangements. Then w e a r e t h e o n e y o u a r e l o o k i n g f o r ! ! !
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new Jersey I
Environmental Protection A RARE
Income A modern 12-story a p a r t m e n t
building is being constructed in the
U.S. Government center of the Ukrainian community
in New York City.
K If you're looking for a mutual fund that A unique opportunity for Ukrainians
) invests in government securities, then
J consider First Investors Government Fund. to have attractive living quarters
j First investors Government Fund invests in
) securities that are fully backed by the U.S. within the Ukrainian community in
I Government or its agencies/ The bottom the city.
line is a fund that pays a dividend each
and every month. Month after month.
St. George Cooperative Apartments are slated for occupancy in early spring, 1 9 9 2 . This elegant
Think First. 12-story coop building consists of 18 spacious one-bedroom apartments, 12 two-bedroom
apartments, a n d 3 three-bedroom apartments. This deluxe a p a r t m e n t building features
So think First Investors Government Fund,
Inc. Think monthly dividends Call for I t w o separate high speed elevators l washer a n d dryer facility
a free prospectus with more complete l modernly appointed kitchen w i t h I compactor chute for refuse on each floor
information including charges and
expenses. Read it carefully before dishwasher l a m p l e storage space in basement
you invest. I air conditioning
l generous w a l k - i n closets
l fireproof structure
l closed circuit TV intercom system
Yurij M. Prezimirski, l prewired telephone a n d cable TV l modern washroom bath a n d shower
I terraces a n d balconies combination
в oak strip flooring l spacious, bright room area
If y o u desire to live i n N e w York, w i t h i n t h e U k r a i n i a n c o m m u n i t y , please i n q u i r e about these
Call or Write for Information:
modern apartments on 7 t h Street near St. George's U k r a i n i a n Catholic Church. If i n t e r e s t e d ,
Yurij M PrPiimHki please p h o n e or g e t i n touch w i t h :
J i f f fill 5?egistereo tieprcentative
Iff If f If Fint Inv.-s vrs Co.pcraiion
ST, GEORGE UKRAINIAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
i ( ^
J ? f:usf ^ ' , ' ' r ' 5 f ^vv ' ч-ь ІЧІЛЧ і ' Л Ш в Phene. (? SM Л"Ч r r 15
14 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1991 Мо41
treatment, just as they would try to give
Off base... a delegation from the U.S. Congress
(Continued from page 7) visiting them. Most important, they are
Marine Risk, Inc. also wise enough to know the U.S. is not
A final point Mr. Lempert seems to
111 John Street, New York, N.Y. 10038
have overlooked is this: these deputies without its problems and that Ukraine
Complete Travel Accident Insurance for Visitors from USSR, The Ukraine and all Republics
are impressive people in their own right. has its own cultural and historical
Bi-Ungual Medical Emergency I.D. Card. legacies which would make any whole
Insurance Brokers for the Bolshoi Opera Tour 1991 They asked U.S. government officials
probing questions that in some cases sale and slavish adoption of the U.S.
Call for Application: system inappropriate, even if such were
Phone: (212) 349-5500. Fax (212) 227-5689 unveiled American political naivete vis
a-vis dealings with the Soviets, for possible.
example. They were also aware that we Natalka Mason Gawdiak
were trying to given them the red carpet Silver Spring, Md.
Buffalo, N.Y. District Committee of UNA Branches
announces that its
Welcome to the world
DISTRICT ORGANIZATIONAL MEETING Paul Alexander Hadzewycz
will be held on
Sunday, October 20, 1991 at 2:00 p.m.
at the Ukrainian American Civic Center/ Inc.
205 Military Rd., Buffalo, N.Y.
Obligated to attend the meeting are District Committee Officers, Branch Officers
and 32nd Convention Delegates of the following Branches:
Show your Ukrainian Heritage
40, 87, 127, 149, 304, 360 with this exquisite timepiece!
All UNA members are welcome as guests at the meeting.
AGENDA: EMBASSYQUARTZ WA1CH
Battery powered quartz movement with conventional
1. Opening hands to indicate the time. Gold plated thin case de
2. Review of the District's 1991 organizational activities sign with genuine leather band.
3. Address by UNA Supreme Treasurer Water Resistant ^ One Year Warranty ^ Assembled in the USA ^ Deluxe Gift Box
4. General UNA topics Available in two styles! Available in His A Hers!
5. Adoptrion of membership campaign plan for the balance Satin Black Dial with Gold Trident Imprint/Black Leather Band
of the current year MEN'S (EM-101M) - WOMEN'S (EM-101W)
6. Questions and answers Dynasty Gold Dial with Black Trident Imprint/Brown Leather Band
7. Adjournment MEN'S (EM-102M) - WOMEN'S (EM-102W)
IDEAL FOR HOLIDAY GIFTS!
Meeting will be attended by:
Only S59.95 each plus S4.00 for Postage, Handling u Insurance
Alexander G. Blahitka, UNA Supreme Treasurer Two for only S109.90 plus S5.00 for Postage, Handling u Insurance
(Order two and SAVE S13.00)
For the DISTRICT COMMITTEE: New Jersey residents add 70/0 Sales Tax.
Roman Konotopskyj, Chairman Send Check or Money Order and indicate Model NumberfcQuantity to:
Wasyl Sywenky, Secretary Maria Bodnarskyj, Treasurer THE WESTWOOD GROUP
1115 Inman Avenue, Suite 330, Edison, NJ 08820 - (908) 548-6700
Sings in Ukrainian on CBS-TV Network
By Vladimir K. Chomey Ukrainian Festival, then quickly Church there.
JOYBRmANbappeuoffheryeady caught a plane for Winnipeg, where Brittan is now busy with noted
Ukrainiantourwith an appearance on she was the sole entertainment at the arranger, Don Hannah (he writes
network (CBS) television. What made Jubilee Banquet Commemorating the arrangements for Barbara Streisand,
Brittan's appearance special is that she Century of Ukrainian Immigration to Natalie Cole, Vic Damone and Ann
dressed and sang in Ukrainian. Canada under the patronage of the Margaret). She is preparing to record
"CBS, This Morning" is a daily Ukrainian Catholic Hierarchy of a national release country music mini-
morning news and feature show Canada. Recent newspaper articles album. "We're recording the strings at
starring Harry Smith and Paula Zahn. mention her receiving a standing Capitol Records in Los Angeles,"
The show theme song is "Oh, What a ovation at this event. Brittan said. "Then we will move to
Beautiful Morning." Various individu Joy then took a "leisurely" train ride the Nashville Capital Records studio
als and groups around the country are to Toronto where she was featured at to complete the recording."
featured singing the short version of the the huge "Ukrainian" Day concert at Brittan wrote all of the six songs.
theme song following a station break. Toronto's Ontario Place. Two of the selections have special
Many guest stars also participate. Her next appearance was "in concert" at meaning for Ukrainians. "The album
Brittan's appearance wasfilmedby Sudbwy, Ontario. The "Ukrainian is sung in English but the two major
the Las Vegas CBS affiliate, KLAS- Celebrity Benefit Concert' wastoraise songs are dedicated to my Ukrainian
TV. Brittan was shown in a beautiful funds for a Ukrainian park there. Joy's family. In fact, the title of one song is
Ukrainian costume of sparkling red performance led event organizer, Mary "Don'tyou cry, Ukraino" she said.
poppies on a full length white gown Stefiiratosay, "Her performance has "Also, the dress I'm wearing for the
with a red velvet vest. The camera raised the profile of our organization. cover photo is 'country' with pop
showed desert and mountain scenery We're rejoicing because INCO, the nickel pies. .. so you'll be able to recognize
around her. Paula Zahn identified the industry here, has made a donation that put the Ukrainian girl in the country music
language as "Ukrainian" and Harry us over the top." section of the major record shops."
Smith thanked Joy and KLAS-TV for She then travelled to Buffalo, New "We don't have a firm release date,"
the tape. The segment aired on York, for an interview with Wasyl she continued, "but we plan to make a
Wednesday, August 28th, 1991. Sharvan for his radio program on huge direct mailing to all Ukrainians
Joy's Ukrainian personal appearance WHLD Buffalo and made a guest in the United States and Canada to let
Television technicians hook up a remote microphone
for Joy Brittan's national television appearance on tour was very "Northern" this year. appearance during Sunday liturgy at everyone know when and where they
CBS-TV Morning Show. She starred in the North Dakota St. Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic can obtain a copy of the album."
No. 41 THE UKRAINIAN WEEKLY SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1991 15
Published by: Ukrainian National Credit Union Association, (UNCUA)
2351 West Chicago Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60622 Phone (312) 489-0500
Editor: Tamara Denysenko
WORLD COUNCILS TO PROMOTE CREDIT UKRAINIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
UNION MOVEMENT IN UKRAINE AND THE CREDIT UNION MOVEMENT
On August 18, 1991 under the auspices unions and the sustainability of their profit. The 1936 Statute of the Ukrainian
of the World Council of Ukrainian development in Ukraine. They plan to Cooperative Bank stated that in addition
Cooperatives, various Canadian and identify potential interest/economic to providing full financial services,
American Ukrainian Cooperative Coun groups such as workplace associations, cooperatives were to support cultural
cils members met at the Ukrainian Credit savings groups and existing true activities, fund libraries and provide
Union "Soyuz", Toronto, Canada to cooperatives. Their goal is to set up coor courses on the cooperative movement,
discuss the future of a cooperative credit dinating groups in Ukraine which would business, manufacturing, trade and
union movement in Ukraine. receive information and training to pro forming.
Ukrainian credit union representatives mote the credit union idea and its Watral underscored that the develop
from America, Canada and Australia principals. ment of each member as a complete
formed a committee to work with the The mission would also determine the individual was and is the cornerstone of
World Council of Credit Unions levels of interest and support for credit the cooperative credit union movement.
(WOCCU) to determine how Ukrainian extension from various sources including Bohdan Watral, Treasurer/Manager of This led to the movements success in
credit unions in the West and WOCCU the government and private sectors as well the Chicago Self Reliance Ukrainian Ukraine as well as Ukrainian credit
can best support the credit union move as the savings and borrowing habits of the FCU, Treasurer of the World Council of unions in the West.
ment in Ukraine. Committee members Ukrainian population. They would ex Ukrainian Cooperatives (WCUC), Board Watral proposes the establishement of
are: Bohdan Watral, Treasurer/Manager plain to the Ukrainian people credit union member of the Ukrainian National Credit a model credit union in Ukraine organ
of Selfreliance Ukr. FCU, Chicago^ principles, practices and their differences Union Association, (UNCUA) and ized and run by Ukrainian attorneys,
Committee Coordinator; Taras from banks. member of the State of Illinois Governor's accountants, computer programmers and
Pidzamecky, Corporate Solicitor, Ukrain Participants at Ukrainian World Coun Board of Credit Union Advisors, par parliamentarians, who have a working
ian Credit Union, Toronto, Canada, cil meeting agreed to work with WOCCU ticipated in a panel discussion on the knowledge of English. They should be
Committee Secretary; Dr. Bohdan to provide background information on Financial Development of Ukraine at the chosen from the ranks of the democratic
Kekish, President, Selfreliance Ukr. Ukraine and her economics, as well as Canada-Ukraine Economic Conference movement and in coordination with the
FCU, New York; Ihor Laszok, Treasurer, evaluate current and proposed banking held April 1991 in Edmonton, Alberta. Ukrainian Parliament, the World Coun
Selfreliance Newark FCU; Walter and cooperative legislation, regulations According to Watral, Ukraine's current cil of Credit Unions and the World Coun
Hupaliwsky, Chairman of the Board and their impact on credit union develop economic, financial and governmental cil of Ukrainian Cooperatives. The new
UNCUA; Dmytro Hryhorczuk, President ment. WCUC would help to facilitate a structures pose significant roadblocks to credit union activists would undergo
UNCUA; Dr. Oli Havrylyshyn, Consul dialogue with the Ukrainian government the process of Ukrainian evolution into a extensive training at credit unions in the
tant to the World Bank; Tamara and parliamentary representatives, in par free market economy with a viable finan West to learn all aspects of credit union
Denysenko, General Manager, Rochester ticular with democratic reform groups, on cial and banking network. Ukraine at operations, law, data processing, financial
Ukr. FCU; Jaroslaw Skrypnyk, Director, various financial policy issues. It would- present lacks a legal infrastructure; has regulations and management.
Canadian Cooperative Assoc; Dr. help research the existence of present-day inadequate safeguards for fledgling enter The model credit union, would in effect
George Chuchman, Vice-President, financial cooperatives, banks and related prises and individual entrepreneurs; has become a working laboratory, and a
Carpathia CU, Canada; Olya Zaverucha, services and practices. no laws governing property ownership, microcosm of our western credit union
Chief Executive Officer, So-Use CU Ltd, The Ukrainian World Council will also bankruptcy, commercial transactions, movement. It would then begin to create
Canada; Myroslaw Boluch, President, recommend to WOCCU that the planned inheritance and succession. Ukrainians a pool of future employees, instructors,
Council of Ukr. Cooperative Societies in cooperative feet-finding mission be held lack an adequate system of telecom regulators, and credit union organizers,
Australia. in Kiev, Lviv, Ternopil, Bukowyna, munication, as well as computer hard as well as assure continued support in
The World Council of Ukrainian Ivano-Frankivsk and Volyn regions of ware and software. accounting, financial and business
Cooperatives, through its liaison, Bohdan Ukraine, where at the present time, the To circumvent many of these shortfalls management, and computer technology
Watral is working closely with WOCCU, cooperative movement principles would Watral proposes the creation of a finan from the West.
to define the objectives erf a planned mis be more eagerly received. Represen cial model that will accomodate the Once established in Ukraine, the credit
sion by WOCCU to Ukraine in the next tatives from Eastern Ukraine will be economy's long term changes while union system would grow and flourish
six months. Mission delegates will encouraged to meet with the mission as improving the immediate financial well- Watral stated. It would always be grateful
attempt to determine the need for credit well. being of Ukraine's citizens. He proposes to its new members, and true to its con
the re-introduction of credit unions and victions of "people helping people". It
the coooperative financial system in will give its members the opportunity to
Ukraine. make their "Ukrainian Dream" come
It doesn't grow
on trees... Cooperatives in Ukraine thrived and true. A Ukrainian credit union movement
out it does grow flourished since their introduction in the would provide full financial services in
at the Credit Union! 1800's to the beginning of World War П. a considerate and caring environment, for
They focused on the overall well-being of the financial well-being of its members
the individual member and not just on and Ukraine as a whole.
UKRAINIAN "JOINT VENTURES" WITH UNIVERSITIES OF
PENNSYLVANIA Sc COLUMBIA
Bohdan A. Oryshkevich, M.D., universities, the members of the Ukrain already allocated their fund-raising model for the new Kiev-Mohyla
M.P.H., is a firm believer in the suc ian Parliament's committee on Economic resources to developing a program for the Academy.
cessful evolution of a market-oriented Reform, and its chairman, Volodymyr school's participation in the development Columbia University agreed to arrange
economy in Ukraine through the develop Pylypchuk. The new Ukrainian educators of a free market economy in several other for the Ukrainian's participation in core
ment of new financial leadership at a and leaders see that university affiliated, East European countries. activities and lodging, but the scholars'
university level. Over the past several pedagogically oriented student credit The Ukrainian Scientific Association in travel and living expenses would have to
months he has been in contact willi the unions, not only as a hands-on republic- Kiev, has resolved to revive the be covered by outside funding.
University of Pennsylvania Wharton side vehicle for teaching basic banking reknowned 17th-century Kiev-Mohyla Dr. Oryshkevich is convinced that for
School of Business to help promote the skills to a future Ukrainian middle-class, Academy and to elevate it to a modern the evolution of a sound economic system
concept of student credit unions in but also as a modern vehicle for bring university. Through the efforts of Dr. in an independent and democratic
Ukraine. He is working, as well, with the ing back the Ukrainian credit union tradi Oryshkevich it has been invited by Ukraine it is imperative to develop young
Ukrainian Scientific Association in Kiev tion brutally destroyed by communism. Columbia University to send scholars for future-oriented talent within the Ukrain
and the Heyman Center for the Dr. Oryshkevich's ideas and principles one academic year, to observe, to par ian university system and that universities
Humanities at Columbia University to have been well received at the University. ticipate in, and to evaluate the Columbia are the most logical locations for the
іеір establish fellowships for Ukrainian However, according to Jeffrey A. College core curriculum at the Heyman establishment of market-oriented con
scholars. Sheehan, Associate Dean for Interna Center for the Humanities. Dr. sumer banks as well as credit unions. To
According to Dr. Oryshkevich the tional and Institutional Relations , without Oryshkevich and Dr. Viacheslav S. achieve these goals substantive financial
University of Pennsylvania Student independent funding and charitable dona Brioukhovetski, Vice-President of the as well as moral support will be required
Federal Credit Union has already caught tions the University cannot participate in Association, feel that the Columbia from Ukrainian communities and
he attention of several major Ukrainian any Ukrainian programs since they College core would serve as an excellent businesses in the West.
16 THE UKRAINIAN WEFK! Y SUNDAY, OCTOBER 13. 1991 No. 41
Ukrainian Arts Center offers workshops
LOS A N G E L E S - The Ukrainian ^ "Pysanka" — Participants will de PREVIEW OF EVENTS
Art Center, Inc. will hold a series of corate eggs according to centuries- October 16 St. John the Baptist Church on Sandford
weekend workshops in November on old wax-resist, batik method. One-day Ave. from 9 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. For further
how to make pysanky (Easter classes (all different designs) will be held CHICAGO: The Friends of Rukh Asso information, call C. Hentisz at (201) 763-
eggs), " p e t r y k i v k a " (tole p a i n t i n g ) , on two Saturdays, November 16 or 23, ciation invites the public to a report by 9124.
embroidery, and playing the "sopilka" and two Sundays, November 10 or 17, Dr. Bohdan Tkachuk, president of the
(flute). noon to 4 p.m.; cost: S25. Chicago Rukh chapter, and his wife,
9 "Sopilka" (flute) - A four-day Orysia Tkachuk, on their month-long October 24
Classes will be held at the center, visit in Ukraine. The meeting will take
4315 Melrose Ave. Advance registra class offered on Saturdays, November
place at St. Nicholas Cathedral hall at 7 TORONTO: Thomas J. Greene, Ph.D.
tion is required. 2, 9, 16 and 23, 12:30-4 p.m.; cost:
p.m. candidate, Department of History at the
Workshops, led by expert craft mas S45. There is a separate fee for the
University of Toronto, will discuss the
t e r s ; will be held o n the following instrument, or bring your own. October 17 "Impact of World War II on the Soviet
schedule: These workshops are funded in part Ukrainian Countryside." This will be at
by a grant from the California Arts CHICAGO: The Ukrainian Patriarchal the Board Room, Multicultural History
^ Embroidery - Students will em Council, an agent of the state of Califor Society cordially invites the public to a Society of Ontario, 43 Queen's Park
broider a table napkin with traditional nia. The Ukrainian ArtCenter,Inc. is a lecture by a Catholic activist from Lviv, Crescent E., at 4-6 p.m. For further
stitches and pattern. The two-day class non-profit organization with the pur Lesia Krypiakevych, who will talk on information, call (416) 978-3332.
will be held Saturdays, November 16 pose of preserving, developing a n d "The Religious Situation in Western
and 17, noon to 4 p.m.; cost: S35. displaying Ukrainian folk and fine arts Ukraine and Our Commitment" at 7 p.m.
in the Cultural Center of Ss. Volodymyr October 25
Ф "Petrykivka" — A one-day class on with the long-term goal of esta
and Olha, 2247 W. Chicago Ave.
the history and techniques of Ukrainian blishing the West Coast's first museum ROSEMONT, 111.: International busi
tole painting (the painting of wooden of Ukrainian folk and fine arts. October 18 ness authority Richard Shriver will be the
ornaments). Two separate classes will Registration and questions about the guest speaker for The Chicago Group's
be held on Sundays, November 10 or 17, w o r k s h o p s m a y be d i r e c t e d t o t h e NEW YORK: The Shevchenko Scientific October dinner meeting at 6:30 p.m. at
noon to 4 p.m.; cost: S25. center, (213)668-0172. Society is hosting a literary evening with the Hotel Sofitel, 5550 N. River Rd. He
Roman Fedoriv from Lviv, the editor of will discuss Ukraine's current economic
"Dzvin" magazine. This will be held at 7 development and the opportunities and
Christmas carol video released p.m. at the Shevchenko Society Home,
63 Fourth Ave. (between 9th and 10th
risks it holds for Western businesses. The
cost is S37 for non-members. For further
S T A M F O R D , Conn. - A new video G r e e k - C a t h o l i c C a t h e d r a l C h o i r in Sts.). information, call Walter Tun, (312) 509-
featuring a concert of Ukrainian Christ Lviv has been produced professionally 4644.
mas carols by the St. George Ukrainian for North American V H S use. October 18-October 20
The cathedral choir of St. George, October 27
NEW YORK: The Plast sorority "Pershi
u n d e r t h e d i r e c t i o n of V o l o d y m y r
International... Dzhuryn, has gained great notoriety in
recent years for its superior execution of
Stezhi" and the Ukrainian Artists' Asso
ciation of America present an exhibition SAN FRANCISCO: Branch 486 of the
(Continued from page 11) of paintings and graphic art by Ivan UNA is celebrating its anniversary with a
liturgical music. This choir sings most Ostafichuk. The opening will be on luncheon in the hall of the Ukrainian
Ukraine, "Green Day," won the Symo- Catholic Church at 1 p.m. (immediately
of the liturgical services at the famous October 18 at 7 p.m. at the Artists'
nenko prize in literature. His second after the liturgy). Osyp Kladko will be the
sobor. Of special note was its participa Association Gallery, 136 Second Ave.
book, "Icarus with Butterfly Wings," 'The gallery will be open on Saturday guest speaker. The entire community is
tion in the historic pontifical divine
was published in 1990. from 1 p.m. to 8 p.m. and on Sunday welcome; donation is S7.
liturgies celebrated in Lviv on Palm
A s in p r e v i o u s y e a r s , w i t h b o t h Sunday and Easter Sunday, 1991, o n from 1 p.m. to 6 p.m.
M e s s r s . D r a c h a n d K a l y n e t s , Exile the occasion of the return to Lviv of November 2
Editions will publish a collection of Mr. Cardinal Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky. October 19
Holoborodko's poetry titled "Icarus Produced in the cathedral nave with EDMONTON: The Ukrainian Women's
with Butterfly Wings and Other Poems." its ornate iconostasis in the background, NEW YORK: Lesia Krypiakevych, head Association of Canada, St. John Cathe
It will be a bilingual edition, Ukrainian of the Ukrainian Youth for Christ and a dral Branch, will host its annual Fall Ball
this sacred concert is the first such
and English, with translation by Myro- leading member of the laymen's move 91 at St. John's Cathedral Auditorium,
rendition of ancient Ukrainian carols 10611 110th Ave. The theme this year is
sia Stefaniuk. Bohdan Boychuk's trans recorded in the historic cathedral of St. ment in Ukraine, will speak at 5 p.m. at
the Shevchenko Society Home, 63 the centennial of Ukrainian pioneer
l a t i o n of M r . H o l o b o r o d k o ' s p o e m George in Lviv. A foreword is given by settlement in Canada. Participants are
"Katerina" has already been published Archbishop Volodymyr Sterniuk. Fourth Ave. (between 9th and 10th Sts.).
encouraged to dress in Ukrainian cos
in Canada, in the 1991 Spring edition of This one-hour color video may be tumes depicting the Ukrainian Canadian
the magazine Exiles. WETHERSFIELD, Conn.: Branch 106
obtained for S24.95 (plus S3 for priority experience of the past century. Cocktails
of the UNWLA is sponsoring its tradi
Also, as in previous years, the invita postage and handling charges) from the and appetizers will be served at 6 p.m.
tional Ernjjroidery Dance (Vyshyvani
t i o n t o a w r i t e r from U k r a i n e was Office of Aid to Liberated Churches, "Baba," "Dido" and other members of
Vechernytsi) at 9 p.m. in the Ukrainian
instigated and coordinated by Lydia the "selo" atmosphere will greet and
161 Glenbrook Road, Stamford, C T National Home. For further informa
Palij. entertain guests. Dinner will be at 7 p.m.,
06902. tion or reservations, call Luba Kinach,
and at 9 p.m. the dancing will begin with
Tickets to the reading can be obtain Proceeds from the sale of the video (203) 563-8139 or Olya Jakymiw, (203)
the Trembita band and several local
ed from the Harbourfront Box Office, will benefit the Archdiocesan seminary 547-1862.
artists to entertain the audience. Tickets,
t e l : (416) 973-4000. in Lviv. S30, will be available up until October 20,
October 20 after which they will be S35. Tickets will
Reflections NEWARK, N.J.: The Ridna Shkola
Foundation invites the public to an
not be sold at the door. For further
information and for tickets, call Lesia
Pohoreski, (403) 454-9496; Gloria Fer-
of the past exhibit and sale of small oils and gra
phics by Arcadia Olenska-Petryshyn.
The exhibit will take place in the hall of
bey, (403) 469-1652; Lesia Soltykewych,
(403) 469-0986 or the Ukrainian Book
store, (403) 422-4255.
For the first time on video.
On the occassion of the
Centennial of Ukrainians in HUCULKA FOR SALE IN UKRAINE
Icon SL Souvenir's Distribution
Canada, Prolog Video is 2860 Buhre Ave. Suite 2R 1986 "Lada" 2105 4/dr., runs well,
proud to annouce the Bronx, NY 10461 body exc, S2.000.00.
release on video of the REPRESENTATIVE and WHOLESALER of EMBROIDERED
for ADULTS and CHILDREN
BLOUSES Tel. (604) 299-7442
Vancouver, B. C.
Slavko Novytski Tel. (212)931-1579
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Prolog Video Ukrainian N a t i o n a l Associatidn
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