chapter 5 warm-up - ms version

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World History - The Human Journey

Chapter 5: The Greek City-States

Section 1: Early Greeks and the Rise of City-States

Copy each question in your note book and then fill in the blank with the answer that best completes the sentence.

1. In 1900, archaeologists found evidence of the __________ civilization, the earliest Greek civilization.

2. Minoan artists carved beautiful figures from bronze, gold, ivory, and silver, and painted __________ , paintings
   made on wet plaster, on palace walls.

3. The Minoan civilization was named after the legendary king of Crete, King Minos, who had his palace in the
   city of ___________ .

4. Some historians believe that the Minoan civilization weakened when many coastal settlements on Crete were
   destroyed by___________ .

5. The ___________ were a warring people, organized into groups or clans, who conquered the Minoans in
   central Crete.
6. The Minoan system of writing adopted by the Mycenaeans was called ________ .

7. The center of Greek identity was represented by the __________ , which is the Greek word for city-state.

8. In most city-states, the original fort was built on an __________, or hill.

9. Each city-state had an ___________ , or marketplace, which served as the main public meeting space.

10. The Greeks placed much importance on the political independence of each different polis, and each city-state
formed its own kind of ___________ and laws.

Section 2: Greek Government and Society

Match the sentence below to the correct key term found in the column to the right.

1. Places where it was believed gods spoke through mortals.                  A. Olympic Games
2. Government in which citizens take part.                                   B. myths
3. "Rule by the Best."                                                       C. Iliad
4. Blind poet who gathered oral poetry into two great epic poems.            D. Odyssey
5. Traditional stories about gods, goddesses, and heroes.                    E. hoplites
6. Describes the adventures of the Mycenaean king after the Trojan War.      F. tyrant
7. The word has come to mean someone who uses absolute power brutally.       G. oracles
8. The legend of the Trojan War.                                             H. democracy
9. Athletic games held to honor the Greek gods.                              I. aristocracy
10. Heavy infantry who carried long spears.                                  J. Homer
oans in central Crete.

Chapter 5 Key Terms - Part 1

Instructions:            In your notebook write the definitions to the key terms listed below. Definitions to be found
                         in Chapter 5 Sections 1, 2, 3, & 4

   1. Frescoes
   2. Minoan
   3. Mycenaean
   4. Polis
    5. Agora
    6. Acropolis
    7. Iliad
    8. Odyssey
    9. Myths
    10. Oracles
    11. Olympic Games
    12. Aristocracies
    13. Hoplite
    14. Tyrant
    15. Popular Government
    16. Democracy
    17. Helots
    18. Ephors
    19. Archons
    20. Metics
    21. Draco
    22. Solon
    23. Peisistratus
    24. Cleisthenes
    25. Direct Democracy
    26. Representative Democracy
    27. Terracing
    28. Export
    29. Import
    30. Pedagogue
    31. Sophists
    32. Ethics
    33. Rhetoric
    34. Homer

Chapter 5 - Section 3: Sparta and Athens
Select the response that best fills in the blank or answers the question.

1. While ________ was known for its laws and government, ________ was known for the physical strength and discipline of
   its people.

2. People the Spartans conquered were forced to work for them and were called ________.

3. The government officials who made sure that the kings stayed within the law were called ________.

4. Along with reading and writing, ________ formed the basis of a young boy's education.

5. ________ is believed to have created Athen's first written law code around 621 B.C.

6. ________, who became an archon in 594 B.C., believed that the best way to help Athens was to erase the debts of the
   poor and outlawing slavery for debt.

7. ________ is often called the first true historian because he took a critical look at historical evidence.

8. ________ broke up the power of the aristocrats and created the Council of Five Hundred.

9. ________ were born outside Athens but were free and paid taxes.

    The tyrant ________ improved Athens’s economy and divided nobles' estates among poor farmers.
Section 4: Daily Life in Athens
Short response: Supply best answers to the question.

1. Was agriculture the mainstay of Athens's economy?

2. Leveling means carving small, flat plots of land from hillsides is called __________.

3. Is it true that Athenian women were citizens, but could not vote, nor could they own or inherit property?

4. Was the main purpose of marriage was to have children?

5. Did most Athenians believe that money should be spent on private homes, and not public buildings? Explain your

6. What do the writings of the Greek female poet Sappho teach us about the lives of women in ancient Greece? Explain
   your answer.

7. Is it true that once boys reached the age of seven, they came under the care of a male slave, called their hoplite?

8. What is the meaning of the Greek word “Sophos”?

9. Did Athenians placed great value on military training, at the expense of literacy and learning? Explain your answer.

10. Did Helots form the center of the Athenian infantry? Explain your answer.

Section 5: The Expansion of Greece

Match the sentence below to the correct key term found in the column to the right.

1. Athenian leader who tricked Xerxes and destroyed most of the Persian fleet.             A. Darius
2. Home of the Greek alliance's treasury before it was moved to Athens by Pericles.        B. Xerxes
3. The greatest Greek statesman.                                                           C. Battle of Marathon
4. Destructive conflicts that weakened Greece.                                             D. Delian League
5. Persian who defeated Spartans at the Battle of Thermopylae.                             E. Thucydides
6..The outnumbered Athenians defeated the Persian invasion of Greece.                      F. Pericles
7. War between Sparta and Athens.                                                          G. Delos
8. Persian leader who wanted to punish Athens for aiding rebels.                           H. Themistocles
9. An alliance of Greek city-states.                                                       I. Persian Wars
Historian who commented on the tyranny of Athens.                                          J. Peloponnesian War

Chapter 5 Key Terms - Part 2

In your notebook write the definitions to the key terms listed below. Definitions to be found in Chapter 5 Section 5

    1.   Persian Wars
    2.   Battle of Marathon
    3.   Battle of Thermopylae
    4.   Themistocles
    5.   Delian League
    6.   Pericles
    7.   Peloponnesian War
    8.   Darius
    9.   Xerxes

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