Unit 5 Writing Three
How did you celebrate your May Day?
Do you think the way the writer
celebrated the holiday makes sense?
Have you ever thought of expressing gratitude
to the one who is helpful to you? And how to
express the gratitude?
During World War Two, the author served in the
Coast Guard. Then came Thanksgiving Day. Different
from many Americans overeating and watching
football games, he decided to celebrate the holiday in
his own way. He wrote three letters to his father, his
grammar school principal and his grandma,
expressing his thanks and appreciation to them. Later
on, he received three replies from them. To his
surprise, they were thanking him as well, which left
him more humbled than ever. From their responses,
the author got to know that most human beings want
to be appreciated and recognized for their efforts.
The author adopted a simple style in his
writing, but no complicated plot or flowery
Starting from a special yet somewhat
common holiday, he unfolded his own story
with his three letters to his father, teacher and
grandma and three replies from them,
dwelling on the feeling of appreciating and
being appreciated which should find its most
expression in everyday life yet more or less
At the end of the text, the author again
mentions “the approaching of another
Thanksgiving Day” in order to echo the
beginning of the text.
In the text, the author made no attempt to
sermonize (说教), but it never fails readers to
experience his deep emotion involved when
reading between lines. He also got his main
idea across: Find the good—and praise it.
This is also the topic sentence upon which
the whole text builds.
Thanksgiving Day (Omitted)
the 102 English people who sailed to
America on the Mayflower in 1620. Their
group included 35 Puritans (清教徒) whose
aim was to create a safe religious
community in the New World. The Pilgrims
probably landed at Plymouth Rock, and
they established Plymouth colony.
the United States Coast Guard
the US military service that is controlled
by the US Department of Transportation but
becomes part of the US Navy during a war. It
was established in 1915. The Coast Guard
stops ships suspected of carrying drugs and
other illegal goods, and can make arrests. It
also keeps watch to see that other laws of
the sea are obeyed, rescues ships in danger
and has a weather service.
Native Americans were living in North
America for many hundreds of years before
Europeans reached the continent. For a long
time white people called them Indians. Today
many people do not like this name since it is
based on a mistake: it was given to the
people living in the Americas by Christopher
Columbus who, when he arrived there,
thought he had landed in India. Instead,
people prefer to use the term Native
• Author and His Novel Roots
Alex Palmer Haley (1921—1992), American biographer,
scriptwriter, author who became famous with the
publication of the novel Roots, which traces his
ancestry back to Africa and covers seven American
generations as they are taken slaves to the United
States. The book was adapted to television series, and
woke up an interest in genealogy, particularly among
African-Americans. Haley himself commented that the
book was not so much history as a study of
mythmaking: “What Roots gets at in whatever form, is
that it touches the pulse of how alike we human beings
are when you get down to the bottom, beneath these
man-imposed differences.” 8
e.g. This year sees the hundredth anniversary
of the great writer’s birth.
Shanghai has seen many significant
events in Chinese history.
The tourist spot features high mountains,
waterfall, and fascinating scenery,
e.g. Never did I hear such exotic stories.
Little has Jenny known what it is to be poor.
He doesn’t so much as invite his best
Anderson left all of a sudden, without so
much as a simple “bye-bye”
e.g. She swallowed hard, but still failed to
control her feeling and, burst into wailing.
e.g. John graduated the year before last
and had since worked in a hospital.
= I have felt sorry for many times when I saw
modern children immersed themselves in
the electronic media to such an extent that
it almost remained unknown to them that
there is a marvelous world in books.
e.g. She left her door unlocked, and hurried to
her friend’s birthday party.
They have worked off and on, leaving the
majority of the project to be completed in
the coming year.
The parents’ quarrel left the children in
fear and tears.
1. People can really do little to reverse the
growing trend toward nuclear families in the
2. Every morning John makes great effort to
reverse out of his small garage.
1. We should see both aspects of the problem,
the obverse as well as the reverse.
2. She is not farsighted-quite the reverse,
she is shortsighted.
e.g. Put the letters in “tug” into reverse order
and they read “gut”.
【易混】reserve / revere / revise
【搭配】in / into reverse order; quite the
reverse; suffer / sustain a reverse; reverse
turn; reverse roles;
【辨析】adverse, averse, converse, reverse
adverse winds 逆风
adverse weather reports 恶劣气候报告
adverse fortune 厄运
circumstances adverse to success
Her feelings were adverse to any man.
averse adj. [＋to] 后接名词或动名词
He is averse to study.他不好学。
She was averse to fighting. 她反对战争。
converse adj. 15
They started from the same place in
converse / reverse direction.
“Hot” is the converse of “cold”.
“Rich but not happy” is the converse of “happy
but not rich”.
I hate people who ______ the end of a film that
you haven’t seen before.----CET4, 97. 6
A. reveal B. revise C. rewrite D. reverse
Key : A 16
1. The Chinese accord a special reverence to
the heaven and the earth.
2. What we do should accord with what we say.
e.g. These latest results are in accord with
【搭配】accord with sth.; 与某事物相一致
accord sth. to sb.;给予；赠予
in / out of accord with sth./sb.; 与……(不)一致，
of one’s own accord;主动地，自愿地
with one accord 全体一致地，一致同意地 17
Many doctors and nurses went to Xiao
Tangshan Hospital of their own accord
when SARS hit Beijing.
1. They abandoned the old house, leaving it
exposed to the wind and rain.
2. The full account given by Susan exposed the
involvement of her neighbor in the scandal.
【搭配】expose sb. to criticism / ridicule
The Child has never been exposed to the
expose crime / injustice / scandal
e.g. The successive terrorism attacks have
aroused attention from all humanity.
【扩展】succession; successively; successor
【易混】success; successful; excessive
【辨析】constant, continual, continuous,
successive, subsequent, exceeding, excessive
【经典考题】He is holding a _____ position in
the company and expects to be promoted
soon. ---CET 6; 97. 1
A. subordinate B. succeeding
C. successive D. subsequent 19
to go through, experience, endure
e.g. After the craft returned safely to Earth, Yang
Liwei underwent an immediate physical exam.
undergo great hardship / suffering
undergo repair / surgery 接受检修，进行手术
111 Dongfang Road, Shanghai 200083
University of Buckingham,
Hunter Street, Buckingham, MK18,1EG.
Dear Vice Chancellor
I’m writing to thank you for …
I’m looking forward to your early visit
I would hope that …
Your grateful friend