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					    Unit 5 Writing Three
     Thank-You Letters
Open-Ended Discussion
 How did you celebrate your May Day?
 Do you think the way the writer
  celebrated the holiday makes sense?
  Give reasons.
 Have you ever thought of expressing gratitude
  to the one who is helpful to you? And how to
  express the gratitude?
                                                  1
Summary
    During World War Two, the author served in the
Coast Guard. Then came Thanksgiving Day. Different
from many Americans overeating and watching
football games, he decided to celebrate the holiday in
his own way. He wrote three letters to his father, his
grammar school principal and his grandma,
expressing his thanks and appreciation to them. Later
on, he received three replies from them. To his
surprise, they were thanking him as well, which left
him more humbled than ever. From their responses,
the author got to know that most human beings want
to be appreciated and recognized for their efforts.
                                                     2
Writing Style
    The author adopted a simple style in his
writing, but no complicated plot or flowery
language.
    Starting from a special yet somewhat
common holiday, he unfolded his own story
with his three letters to his father, teacher and
grandma and three replies from them,
dwelling on the feeling of appreciating and
being appreciated which should find its most
expression in everyday life yet more or less
ignored.                                            3
    At the end of the text, the author again
mentions “the approaching of another
Thanksgiving Day” in order to echo the
beginning of the text.
   In the text, the author made no attempt to
sermonize (说教), but it never fails readers to
experience his deep emotion involved when
reading between lines. He also got his main
idea across: Find the good—and praise it.
This is also the topic sentence upon which
the whole text builds.
                                                4
    Background Information
    Thanksgiving Day (Omitted)
    the Pilgrims
       the 102 English people who sailed to
     America on the Mayflower in 1620. Their
     group included 35 Puritans (清教徒) whose
     aim was to create a safe religious
     community in the New World. The Pilgrims
     probably landed at Plymouth Rock, and
     they established Plymouth colony.
                                            5
   the United States Coast Guard
        the US military service that is controlled
    by the US Department of Transportation but
    becomes part of the US Navy during a war. It
    was established in 1915. The Coast Guard
    stops ships suspected of carrying drugs and
    other illegal goods, and can make arrests. It
    also keeps watch to see that other laws of
    the sea are obeyed, rescues ships in danger
    and has a weather service.

                                                     6
   Native Americans
       Native Americans were living in North
    America for many hundreds of years before
    Europeans reached the continent. For a long
    time white people called them Indians. Today
    many people do not like this name since it is
    based on a mistake: it was given to the
    people living in the Americas by Christopher
    Columbus who, when he arrived there,
    thought he had landed in India. Instead,
    people prefer to use the term Native
    Americans.                                      7
• Author and His Novel Roots
Alex Palmer Haley (1921—1992), American biographer,
scriptwriter, author who became famous with the
publication of the novel Roots, which traces his
ancestry back to Africa and covers seven American
generations as they are taken slaves to the United
States. The book was adapted to television series, and
woke up an interest in genealogy, particularly among
African-Americans. Haley himself commented that the
book was not so much history as a study of
mythmaking: “What Roots gets at in whatever form, is
that it touches the pulse of how alike we human beings
are when you get down to the bottom, beneath these
man-imposed differences.”                           8
Sentence Structure
 Line 7---9
e.g. This year sees the hundredth anniversary
     of the great writer’s birth.
     Shanghai has seen many significant
     events in Chinese history.
     The tourist spot features high mountains,
     waterfall, and fascinating scenery,
     comfortable climate.

                                                 9
Sentence Structure
 Line 29—31
e.g. Never did I hear such exotic stories.
     Little has Jenny known what it is to be poor.
     He doesn’t so much as invite his best
     friends.
     Anderson left all of a sudden, without so
     much as a simple “bye-bye”
 Line 33—34
e.g. She swallowed hard, but still failed to
     control her feeling and, burst into wailing.
                                                10
Sentence Structure
e.g. John graduated the year before last
      and had since worked in a hospital.
 Line 52—55

= I have felt sorry for many times when I saw
  modern children immersed themselves in
  the electronic media to such an extent that
  it almost remained unknown to them that
  there is a marvelous world in books.
                                            11
Sentence Structure
 Line 77—79
e.g. She left her door unlocked, and hurried to
     her friend’s birthday party.
     They have worked off and on, leaving the
     majority of the project to be completed in
     the coming year.
     The parents’ quarrel left the children in
     fear and tears.

                                              12
Words:
    reverse            v.
1.   People can really do little to reverse the
     growing trend toward nuclear families in the
     modern society.
2.   Every morning John makes great effort to
     reverse out of his small garage.
n.
1.   We should see both aspects of the problem,
     the obverse as well as the reverse.
                                                13
2.  She is not farsighted-quite the reverse,
    she is shortsighted.
adj.
e.g. Put the letters in “tug” into reverse order
      and they read “gut”.
【易混】reserve / revere / revise
【搭配】in / into reverse order; quite the
    reverse; suffer / sustain a reverse; reverse
    turn; reverse roles;
【辨析】adverse, averse, converse, reverse
adverse adj.
                                                   14
 adverse winds       逆风
 adverse weather reports 恶劣气候报告

 adverse fortune 厄运

 circumstances adverse to success

  有碍成功的情况
 Her feelings were adverse to any man.

  她对任何男人都怀有敌意。
averse adj. [+to] 后接名词或动名词
 He is averse to study.他不好学。

 She was averse to fighting. 她反对战争。

converse adj.                             15
 They started from the same place in
  converse / reverse direction.
  他们由同一地方向相反方向出发。
n. [常与the连用,指相反的事物]
 “Hot” is the converse of “cold”.

 “Rich but not happy” is the converse of “happy
  but not rich”.
【经典考题】
 I hate people who ______ the end of a film that
  you haven’t seen before.----CET4, 97. 6
  A. reveal B. revise C. rewrite      D. reverse
Key : A                                         16
  accord v.
1. The Chinese accord a special reverence to
   the heaven and the earth.
2. What we do should accord with what we say.
n.
e.g. These latest results are in accord with
      previous hypothesis.
【搭配】accord with sth.; 与某事物相一致
accord sth. to sb.;给予;赠予
in / out of accord with sth./sb.; 与……(不)一致,
of one’s own accord;主动地,自愿地
with one accord 全体一致地,一致同意地                 17
  Many doctors and nurses went to Xiao
   Tangshan Hospital of their own accord
   when SARS hit Beijing.
 expose     v.
1. They abandoned the old house, leaving it
   exposed to the wind and rain.
2. The full account given by Susan exposed the
   involvement of her neighbor in the scandal.
【搭配】expose sb. to criticism / ridicule
 The Child has never been exposed to the
   measles.
         expose crime / injustice / scandal
                                             18
 successive adj.
e.g. The successive terrorism attacks have
     aroused attention from all humanity.
【扩展】succession; successively; successor
【易混】success; successful; excessive
【辨析】constant, continual, continuous,
  successive, subsequent, exceeding, excessive
【经典考题】He is holding a _____ position in
  the company and expects to be promoted
  soon. ---CET 6; 97. 1
  A. subordinate            B. succeeding
  C. successive             D. subsequent    19
 undergo v.
      to go through, experience, endure
e.g. After the craft returned safely to Earth, Yang
  Liwei underwent an immediate physical exam.
【搭配】
  undergo great hardship / suffering
  undergo repair / surgery 接受检修,进行手术




                                                  20
正式感谢信格式:
Orient University
111 Dongfang Road, Shanghai 200083
P.R. China
Nov. 18,2003

University of Buckingham,
Hunter Street, Buckingham, MK18,1EG.
United Kingdom

Dear Vice Chancellor
     I’m writing to thank you for …
                                       21
     I’m looking forward to your early visit
….
                                 Sincerely yours
                                     (Signature)
                                  Zhong Guoren
非正式感谢信
Dear Joe
     I would hope that …

                             Your grateful friend
                                            Tony22

				
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