Ch. 12 Guiding Question

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Ch. 12 Guiding Question Powered By Docstoc
					                         Antebellum Culture and Reform
                                                    Ch. 12
                                               Due: 10.31.11
                                            M.C. Test: 11.2/3.11
                                           M.C. Midterm: 11.2/3.11

This chapter covers the reform movements of personal pleas for freedom and human justice. The contradictory
philosophic roots of these movements produce fascinating paradoxes; consequently, questions concerning causes
and results are required to answer the guiding questions.

Chapter Summary:
By the 1820s, America was caught up in the spirit of a new age, and Americans, who had never been shy in
proclaiming their nation’s promise and potential, concluded that the time for action had come. Excited by the
nation’s technological advances and territorial expansion, many set as their goal the creation of a society worthy
to be part of it all. What resulted was an outpouring of reform movements, the like of which had not been seen
before and has not been seen since. Unrestrained by entrenched conservative institutions and attitudes, these
reformers attacked society’s ills wherever they found them, producing in the process a list of evils so long that
many were content to concentrate on their own particular cause; thus, at least at first, the movements were many
and varied. But in time, most reformers seemed to focus on one evil that stood out about the rest. The “peculiar
institution,” slavery, denied all the Enlightenment ideals for which they stood – equality, opportunity, and, above
all, freedom. With world opinion on their side, Slavery became the supreme cause.

Guiding Question:
“American reform movements between 1820 and 1860 reflected a Romanticized view of human
nature and society rather than a Perfectionist view.” Assess the validity of this statement in
reference to reform movements in the following areas:
       Women’s Rights
       Utopian Experiments
       Penal institutions

Terms, Concepts, Names:
Abolitionists           Walt Whitman           Edgar Allan Poe        Onieda Community     Joseph Smith
Brigham Young           Unitarianism            nd
                                               2 Great Awakening             “Burned Over District”
Temperance              Transcendentalism      Ralph Waldo Emerson           Lucretia Mott
Seneca Falls Convention         William Lloyd Garrison, The Liberator        Underground Railroad
Prigg v. Pennsylvania 1842      Liberty Party          John Brown            Uncle Tom’s Cabin

Unitarianism: pg. 185 Church founded in Boston. Rejected the Calvinists belief of Predestination, that Salvation
was available to all. Rejected idea of the Trinity  Jesus was a great religious teacher, not the son of God.

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