T3 LSG Quick Look Report by zhouwenjuan


									Top Officials 3 (TOPOFF 3)
    Large Scale Game

       Quick-Look Report

            May 26, 2005

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       and United Kingdom Information
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   FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY (FOUO), and shall not be released to the public
   as prescribed by the Office of State and Local Government Coordination and
   Preparedness (OSLGCP) National Exercise Program Security Classification
   Guide of January 2005. Requests for release of information underprovisions of the
   Freedom of Information Act will be handled in accordance with Department of
   Homeland Security (DHS) Management Directive Number 0460.1, Freedom of
   Information Act Compliance. Government players and contractors will provide
   adequate protection of the information contained in this document as specified in
   DHS MD Number 11042. Marking of this document is in accordance with the
   DHS Security Classification Guide and the Information Security Oversight Office
   Marking Manual.

2. The title of this document is TOPOFF 3 (T3) Large Scale Game (LSG) Quick-
   Look Report.

3. Reproduction of this document, in whole or part, without prior approval of the T3
   LSG Exercise Director is prohibited.

4. The DHS OSLGCP is responsible for the planning and conduct of the T3 LSG.
   Ms. Kimber Bannan is the Exercise Director and can be reached via e-mail at
   Kimber.Bannan@dhs.gov and by telephone at (202) 786-9591.

5. The information contained in this plan is intended for the exclusive use of the T3
   LSG planners; Federal, State, and local officials responsible for homeland
   security; and designated planning teams responsible for coordinating and
   integrating activies with the T3 LSG.

                       This Document Contains Canadian
                       and United Kingdom Information


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      and United Kingdom Information
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                            TABLE OF CONTENTS

ADMINISTRATIVE HANDLING INSTRUCTIONS                                i
TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                   iii
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY                                                   v

INTRODUCTION                                                        1
     Background                                                     1
     Goal and Objectives                                            1
     Players                                                        2
     Overview of Exercise                                           2

SUMMARY OF DISCUSSIONS AND OUTCOMES                                 4
    1.1 Move 1: 30 days                                             4
          1.1.1 Overview                                            4
          1.1.2 Key Issues                                          4
                   Connecticut                                     4
                   New Jersey                                      5
                   Interagency Group 1: Human Services             6
                   Interagency Group 2: Emergency Services         7
                   Interagency Group 3: Community Recovery and
                     Mitigation/Infrastructure                      8
                   International                                   9
                   Private Sector                                  9
                   Public/Media                                    12

      1.2 Move 2: 90 days                                           13
            1.2.1 Overview                                          13
            1.2.2 Key Issues                                        13
                     Connecticut                                   13
                     New Jersey                                    14
                     Interagency Group 1: Human Services           14
                     Interagency Group 2: Emergency Services       15
                     Interagency Group 3: Community Recovery and
                       Mitigation/Infrastructure                    15
                     International                                 16
                     Private Sector                                16
                     Public/Media                                  17

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     1.3 Move 3: 180+ days                                         18
           1.3.1 Overview                                          18
           1.3.2 Key Issues                                        18
                    Connecticut                                   18
                    New Jersey                                    18
                    Interagency Group 1: Human Services           19
                    Interagency Group 2: Emergency Services       19
                    Interagency Group 3: Community Recovery and
                      Mitigation/Infrastructure                    19
                    International                                 20
                    Private Sector                                20
                    Public/Media                                  21

T3 LSG SCENARIO                                                    22

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                                EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The following table ties the primary discussion threads to the T3 LSG objectives.

       Objectives                                    Discussion Threads
1. Assess integration          The interaction among public/media, interagency, and State
and coordination                players revealed the need to improve the coordination of
capabilities among              public information and messaging among FSTL, media,
Federal, State, tribal,         and private sector entities.
local (FSTL),                  The LSG demonstrated that public-private sector
international, and              integration remains in the early stages of development.
private sector                  Robust public-private interaction during the game
agencies, including             highlighted a number of broad issues regarding cross-
nongovernmental                 sector integration and coordination capabilities.
organizations, in the
                               The LSG highlighted the need to improve coordination with
post-WMD incident
                                international partners on a variety of recovery issues,
recovery period.
                                including trade, public information, decontamination, and
                                victim assistance.

2. Raise awareness of          Participants spent considerable time discussing the
anticipated and                 complex, sensitive issues surrounding victim
unanticipated recovery          compensation. Because of the precedent set by the 9-11
issues and                      attacks, the victim compensation costs associated with an
requirements.                   attack like those simulated in the T3 scenario would likely
                                overwhelm Federal and State fiscal resources.

                               The T3 LSG scenario highlighted the strategic and
                                operational-level challenges in conducting simultaneous
                                response and recovery efforts. Connecticut officials
                                experienced difficulty in planning and conducting recovery
                                operations while concurrently responding to a plague

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       Objectives                                   Discussion Threads

                              The LSG further highlighted the need to update the Stafford
                               Act’s definition of a disaster to include incidents of terrorism
                               and to modify its funding priorities and timelines.

3. Identify deficiencies,     Procedures for requesting and declaring an Emergency
gaps, and                      Use Authorization for medicines and vaccines should be
responsibilities for           included in the NRP.
improving policies,           The State of Connecticut identified the need for State officials to
strategies, and                expand upon existing long-term recovery plans.

operational capabilities      The State of New Jersey suggested a possible role for Emergency
                               Support Function (ESF)-13 and ESF-14 in providing resources
in recovering from             and support to address safety and security issues stemming from
WMD incidents and              staffing shortfalls caused by the incident in critical infrastructure
other incidents of
                              Interagency officials noted that environmental sampling kits and
national significance,         decontamination standards were not consistent among the
                               Federal, State, local, and private sector levels.
which may include
                              The State of New Jersey identified the limitations of its mortuary
providing input into the
                               services capacity and asserted that DMORT support would also
modification of the            be inadequate to address the needs of such a large-scale incident.
National Response             Interagency and State officials identified a lack of international
                               protocols for the shipment of human remains in the wake of a
Plan (NRP).
                               WMD incident.
                              The Private Sector Group identified a need for centralized,
                               authoritative sources of information on recovery efforts.

4. Identify and develop       Participants suggested holding an international working
potential solutions to         group to develop standards and procedures for the
recovery issues and            shipment of human remains in the aftermath of a WMD
make                           incident.
recommendations for           Participants suggested that the EPA coordinate with its
specific agencies to           Federal and international partners to develop uniform
further develop
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       Objectives                                     Discussion Threads
solutions and address          decontamination standards for the movement of people and
identified recovery            goods across borders.
5. Clarify and validate       The LSG included significant interaction between public
roles and                      and private sector participants, but the lack of an
responsibilities of the        established understanding of specific roles and
private sector,                responsibilities limited cross-sector coordination on
including                      technical issues.
nongovernmental               Public and private sector participants made progress during
organizations, in              the LSG identifying key private-sector issues, needs, and
medium- and long-term          resources, but the private sector’s specific roles and
recovery from a WMD            responsibilities in medium- and long-term recovery were
incident.                      not fully clarified.

6. Identify key recovery      The Stafford Act should be amended to address the
actions and initiatives        specific recovery needs, including mitigation, arising from
that currently cannot be       terrorism incidents.
funded through the            Policies and procedures regarding the extension of Federal
Stafford Act and other         assistance programs after a declared disaster should be
Federal authorities            clarified.
under a Presidential
                              Private sector participants noted a lack of event-specific, pre-
Disaster Declaration.          programmed funding for private sector entities, especially small



The TOPOFF 3 (T3) Large Scale Game (LSG) was the final exercise in the T3
congressionally mandated national counterterrorism exercise series. The T3 LSG brought
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together leaders from Federal, State, tribal, and local (FSTL) governments and the private
sector (including nongovernmental organizations) to focus on recovery issues at 30 days,
90 days, and 180+ days after the T3 Full-Scale Exercise (FSE) scenario. International
representatives from UK and Canadian governments participated as role players,
although they were originally participating as observers. The T3 LSG was conducted
from May 3–5, 2005, at the National Conference Center, Lansdowne, Virginia.

The purpose of the T3 LSG was to identify key recovery and capability issues, raise
awareness, improve relationships, enhance networking, and improve operational
capabilities at all levels — FSTL governments and the private sector, including
nongovernmental organizations. It provided a valuable opportunity to gauge the nation’s
readiness, develop courses of action, share information, and coordinate incident
management as it relates to recovery.

Goal and Objectives

The overall goal of the T3 LSG was to provide an opportunity to identify gaps and
validate the efficacy of the National Response Plan (NRP) as it relates to strategic
recovery operations and concerns. It also aimed to provide an opportunity to recognize
and comprehend the problems, issues, policies, strategies, and operational requirements
for dealing with medium- and long-term recovery from incidents of national significance.

T3 LSG objectives were as follows:

 1.    Assess integration and coordination capabilities among FSTL, international, and
       private sector agencies, including nongovernmental organizations, in the post-
       weapon of mass destruction (WMD) incident recovery period.
 2.    Raise awareness of anticipated and unanticipated recovery issues and
 3.    Identify deficiencies, gaps, and responsibilities for improving policies, strategies,
       and operational capabilities in recovering from WMD incidents and other
       incidents of national significance — may include providing input into the
       modification of the NRP.

 4.    Identify and develop potential solutions to recovery issues and make
       recommendations for specific agencies to further develop solutions and address
       identified recovery issues.
 5.    Clarify and validate roles and responsibilities of the private sector, including
       nongovernmental organizations, in medium- and long-term recovery from a
       WMD incident.
 6.    Identify key recovery actions and initiatives that currently cannot be funded
       through the Stafford Act and other Federal authorities under a Presidential
       Disaster Declaration.

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T3 LSG players comprised a mix of Federal top officials at the director level, State and
local senior officials, and a range of subject-matter experts (SMEs). Senior-level players
from departments, agencies, and organizations primarily involved in long-term recovery
and focused on policy and operational procedural (rather than tactical) issues also
participated. Representatives from all T3 partners (New Jersey; Connecticut; Canada; the
United Kingdom; Federal departments and agencies; and the private sector, including
nongovernmental organizations) participated.

Overview of Exercise

The T3 LSG was designed on the recovery issues resulting from the T3 FSE scenario and
involved the concept of a “game” using opposing forces and decision making based on
courses of action. It involved plenary and breakout sessions during which players were
briefed on the common operational picture (COP) at the end of the T3 FSE (ENDEX) and
on the different timeframes or “moves” representing the periods at 30 days, 90 days, and
180+ days after the T3 FSE (see Figure 1).

                                 Figure 1. Exercise Moves

The T3 LSG created an interactive environment encouraging play between FSTL players
and role players representing private industry and portraying the public and media. The
international representatives, originally participating as observers, increased their level of
participation to that of role players who were more actively engaged in play. Players were
divided into the following breakout groups:

      Interagency Group 1 - Human Services
      Interagency Group 2 - Emergency Services
      Interagency Group 3 - Community Recovery and Mitigation/Infrastructure
      Connecticut
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      New Jersey
      Private Sector Role Players
      Public/Media Role Players
      International Role Players

The players received a scenario update at the start of each move and then proceeded into
breakout sessions. A team of controllers facilitated discussion and interaction between
groups. Players were pushed to make decisions, determine courses of action, and
coordinate and communicate with each other through the introduction of injects and
requests for information from other groups.

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1.1   Move 1: +30 Days

1.1.1 Overview
Though the I-95 corridor and airspace in New Jersey has          National Impact +30 Days
reopened, recovery from the plague outbreak continues to
strain resources. Connecticut and New Jersey remain at           Dead: 16,000+
MARSEC Level 2. Connecticut’s recovery efforts after the         Sick: 24,000+
                                                                 Worried Well: 20,000+
mustard (HD) attack, including public information
campaigns, economic recovery initiatives, temporary housing
for displaced persons, and mental health assistance, have been complicated by a plague
outbreak. Medical and mental health resources in Connecticut and New Jersey are
strained, and the State economies continue to suffer.

1.1.2 Key Issues
  Balancing Response and Recovery Efforts
         - The T3 LSG scenario identified operational problems related to the onset of
            response to plague during recovery from the HD attack. For example,
            American Red Cross participants questioned procedures for sheltering and
            housing persons displaced by the HD attack during a plague outbreak.
         - CT officials were especially concerned that the outbreak of plague would
            produce even greater public distrust of government and uncertainty of
            safety conditions, which were identified as key obstacles to recovery.
     Public Information Campaign
         - Daily public briefings were established to reassure the public as a first step
             toward stimulating the community’s recovery. CT officials felt that a
             timely, coordinated public information campaign was necessary in the first
             30 days of recovery to gain the public’s trust and reduce uncertainty.
     Coordinating Ongoing Support with Federal Agencies
         - CT officials requested clarification of Federal resources and responsibilities
            in the following support areas:
                o Mental health counseling;
                o Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) distribution;
                o Support for small businesses;
                o Worker safety; and
                o Temporary housing for displaced persons.

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     Continuing Decontamination
         - Participants stressed the need to continue systematic decontamination of
            marine life and the area surrounding the incident, even though the EPA
            would not have produced definitive readings of environmental samples for
            3-6 months after the incident. Decontamination efforts were considered
            necessary for the physical safety of the population and for reducing public
         - CT officials also recommended that the State develop a decontamination
            certification process and compile a list of certified contractors to prevent
     Extending Financial Assistance for Economic Recovery
         - Participants discussed ways to extend Federal and State unemployment
            assistance and to allocate funds in support of local industries. It was noted
            that Federal funding is often guaranteed only for a limited period of time
            but can be extended by request or at the discretion of the agency
            administering the program.
     Coordinating Mortuary Assistance
         - State agencies identified the need to request Federal, State, and local
            mortuary services resources to address the growing number of deceased due
            to HD exposure and plague.
     Worker Safety Standards
        - CT OSHA representatives noted that the possible presence of HD, asbestos,
           silica, lead, and other dangerous substances around the incident site posed a
           threat to workers. OSHA recommended that Federal, State, and local
           agencies enforce CDC guidelines and ensure adequate personal protective
           equipment be supplied to workers in the area. Also, they should coordinate
           with labor unions to identify hazards and address worker safety issues.

New Jersey
  Public Information
        - NJ officials placed their initial emphasis on developing a comprehensive,
           sustained public information and education campaign. They believed that
           the success of all other recovery efforts (public health, economic stability,
           schools, etc.) would hinge on the effectiveness of this public outreach
           initiative. Public information therefore became a persistent theme of almost
           every discussion in Move 1.
     Recovery Strategy
         - NJ officials insisted that a critical element of their recovery effort would be
            the creation of a coherent recovery strategy, developed in conjunction with
            the Federal government. They therefore requested co-leadership of all
            Emergency Support Function (ESF)-14 functions.

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     Assessments
         - At +30 days, a principal concern for NJ officials was the need for accurate,
            thorough assessments of several different issues. These assessments would
            enable the State to identify gaps and shortfalls and determine the proper
            resource allocation to address them. This would include assessments of:
                o Hospital capabilities;
                o Food supplies and other critical commodities;
                o Economic impact;
                o Crisis counseling capabilities; and
                o Mortuary services.
     Long-term Safety and Security of Critical Infrastructure
         - Because of prolonged personnel/staffing shortages across all sectors, NJ
            officials were concerned about the continued safety and security of the
            State’s critical infrastructure, particularly the chemical sector. These
            officials were not aware of any plans to address this issue and wanted to
            explore the possible role of ESF-13 and ESF-14 in providing resources and
            support to fill these potential gaps and shortfalls.
     Mortuary Services Capacity
        - Even without a formal assessment, NJ officials were confident that the
           State’s medical examiner system would be overwhelmed by the enormity of
           the incident. They expressed agreement that DMORT assistance, while
           helpful, would only provide a marginal increase in capacity.
     Stafford Act Concerns
         - NJ officials recommended amending the Stafford Act to allow for broader
             eligibility for aid after a terrorist incident such as the T3 plague attack.
     Standards of Care and Legal Ramifications
         - NJ public health officials discussed the possible need to lower the standards
            of care for patients in a mass-casualty incident of this kind in order to
            process the high volume of patients effectively. Because of the lowering of
            the standard of care, these officials anticipated a higher rate of lawsuits
            from patients and therefore wanted to investigate the creation of legal
            protections for medical service providers in such circumstances.

Interagency Group 1: Human Services
   Developing and Communicating Decontamination Standards
         - Federal agencies discussed the need to set decontamination levels for
             private residences and to communicate those standards to relevant State and
             local agencies.
     Temporary Housing and Other Needs Assistance (ONA)

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         - Federal agencies emphasized working with State agencies to provide
           temporary housing and ONA, such as medical, dental, funeral, personal
           property, and transportation expenses.
     Stafford Act Modification
         - Federal agencies agreed on the need to change the Stafford Act to include
             biological and chemical events, reinstate a program like the Mortgage and
             Rental Assistance Program, allow for the inclusion of undeclared
             States/counties under an existing declaration, and determine an authority to
             reimburse definitive long-term care.
     Mental Health and Victim Assistance Strategy
        - Emergency declarations do not include strategies to allocate resources for
            mental health, crisis counseling, disaster unemployment assistance, or legal
            services. State and Federal agencies should coordinate their assistance
            planning efforts to meet these needs.
     Mortuary Services
        - The group recognized a need to establish an international protocol for the
           management of contaminated bodies.
     Lab Capacity
         - Participants discussed the need to mitigate delays in completing sampling
            analysis for decontamination by ensuring that an appropriate number of
            available labs can perform chemical confirmation tests.
     Resources for Hospital Overflow and Logistical Support
         - Federal agencies discussed reallocating resources — such as staff — to
            prevent hospital overflow and to lend logistical support as needed.
     Cross-Jurisdictional Medical Support
         - Officials recognized the need to crosswalk public health emergency
            capabilities and authorities with human services requirements.
Interagency Group 2: Emergency Services
   ESF-15 Coordination
         - The group discussed the need to coordinate ESF-15 (Public Affairs)
             activities among Federal, State, and local agencies. Participants noted that
             Joint Information Centers (JICs) address mainly local venues and issues,
             whereas the national message is shaped by Federal leaders and national
             media. To prevent the media from controlling public information,
             participants felt that Federal, State, and local public affairs groups should
             coordinate information systems to ensure a uniform message.
     Decontamination of Debris
         - The group concluded that although HD breaks down over time naturally,
            the EPA and other agencies should determine standards for unacceptable
            agent levels when decontaminating debris. Also, environmental sampling
            kits should be standardized.
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     Stafford Act
         - Participants noted that the Stafford Act does not adequately address
             emergency services activities in the recovery phase after terrorist attacks.
     Personal Protective Equipment
         - Participants identified a need to establish a process for acquiring and
            managing personal protective equipment and distributing this equipment to
            Federal, State, and local responders.
     Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) in the NRP
        - The group coordinated an EUA of neupogen for HD victims in Connecticut
           who were suffering from bone marrow compression. However, participants
           were unsure of procedures for requesting and employing the EUA of
           vaccines and medicines in recovery efforts. They suggested that the NRP
           explicitly include EUA procedures.

Interagency Group 3: Community Recovery and Mitigation/Infrastructure
   Loss of Instructional Time for Students
         - Federal officials advocated working with State and local school districts to
             help make decisions about school re-openings and possible makeup
                 o Resources should be identified and coordinated, as no designated
                     funding authority covers increased operating costs, and Department
                     of Education funds are mostly for mental health care.
     Matching Demands to Relief/Recovery Efforts
         - Participants agreed that Federal agencies must effectively cooperate with
            the media to match public, State, and local demands to ongoing
            relief/recovery efforts.
     Economic Impact
         - Participants stressed the need to identify potential agencies to act as the
            authority for economic issues arising from the crisis. Recovery agencies
                o Fill gaps by compensating losses for small and agricultural
                     businesses not covered under Small Business Administration (SBA)
                     and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) programs;
                o Address increased training and retraining needs owing to loss of
                o Identify authority to address financial impact on hospitals due to
                     business interruption losses;
                o Assist the insurance industry with coverage of claims;
                o Address the loss of tourism revenue;
                o Help compensate State and local governments for increased
                     transportation security costs; and
                o Assist State and local governments in managing loss of revenue
                     from taxes and transportation services.
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   Common Definitions and Procedures for Sampling Analysis, Decontamination,
      and Disposal Among the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States
          - Participants suggested creating a coordinated crisis response strategy among
              the these countries to determine:
                  o Action levels and cleanup goals among nations;
                  o A common definition of “clean” in regard to decontamination; and
                  o Common decontamination procedures.
     Coordinating Public Information on Decontamination
         - Participants felt that the failure to establish a common decontamination
            standard could reduce public confidence in the U.S., UK, and Canadian
            governments. They suggested releasing a coordinated public affairs
            message to address the issue.
     Repatriation Between the United States and Canada
         - Participants identified the need to develop a U.S. procedure for certifying
            WMD-contaminated bodies as vector free, because Canadian policy will not
            allow remains to enter Canada for repatriation without such a certification.

Private Sector
   Private Sector Diversity
          - The group noted the need for all levels of government to interact with the
             private sector with both flexibility and standardization.
                    The private sector consists of a large number of different industries
                     and subsectors with widely varying functions and capabilities,
                     complicating cross-sector integration. There are no one-size-fits-all
                     solutions and no single channel through which the private sector
                     solves problems.
                    Nevertheless, the various subsectors within the private sector are
                     highly interdependent and require a coordinated approach to
                     recovery. Centralized sub-sector specific points of contact are
                     needed to serve as vetted, authoritative links between the various
                     private sector communities and the government response and
                     recovery authorities.
     Public Sector Decision-Making
         - Participants raised questions about the public sector’s decision-making
             processes during incidents. The group identified a need for public sector
             decision-makers to consider the impact of response and recovery actions on
             interdependent industries in the private sector, stressing the importance of
             balancing security concerns with other issues affecting the larger public

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               o USCG decisions regarding MARSEC levels should take into
                 consideration the immediate impact on fishing and related
   Public-Private Communications
       - Participants raised questions about the kinds of information that the public
           sector would require from industries during incidents. The group also
           stressed the need for timely incident information that accounts for the
           private sector’s ability and need to make response and recovery decisions
           immediately. This information should be flexible to account for private
           sector diversity.
       - The DHS National Infrastructure Coordination Center (NICC) was
           discussed as an example of a public and private information-sharing
           mechanism, and participants identified a need for a centralized,
           authoritative, and sector-specific government point of contact for
           information.       In addition, participants felt that public-private
           communications networks should issue updates using standard industry
           terminology and account for redundant requests for information from the
           same or similar private sector organizations.
   Coordinating Public-Private Recovery Efforts
       - Private sector participants emphasized the need for public and private sector
          groups to clarify recovery roles and responsibilities and coordinate plans.
          Areas requiring further coordination include:
             o Regulatory adjustments such as relaxed trucking restrictions to
                 compensate for a heightened MARSEC level;
             o Private sector inclusion in incident management processes to
                 address the pressing need to reinstate commerce; and
             o Public affairs messages, including risk communications and
                 confidence messages.
   Critial Needs: Food, Hospitals, and Transportation
       - Participants raised issues concerning several of the critical needs facing the
            private sector.
                 Food:
                        - In normal circumstances, the food industry has only 5 to 6
                            days’ worth of food supplies in warehouses, and suppliers
                            are limited.
                        - Shutting down or restricting access to a State would
                            simultaneously increase the demand for critical food supplies
                            while reducing their availability.
                        - Civil unrest due to shortages is likely to further impede the
                            retail food industry’s ability to resume normal operations and
                            capacity by 30 days after the incidents.

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                  Hospitals:
                      - Hospitals typically need their supplies to be replenished
                          every 72 hours. Due to access and travel restrictions, some
                          hospitals affected by these events would be without, for
                          example, clean laundry in about 72 hours.
                      - Many private hospitals in particular have only a week or two
                          of available cash to fund operations. Similar to the post-9/11
                          airline industry and with implications that are at least as
                          serious, hospitals in the affected areas may quickly fail
                          financially or go bankrupt if insurance companies deny
                          coverage for victims of terrorism.
                  Transportation:
                      - Thirty days after these terrorist events, the trucking
                          community’s response to law enforcement and regulatory
                          pressures to secure cargo – potentially to achieve multiple
                          objectives (e.g., ensuring commodity integrity, reducing
                          VBIED possibility) – is likely to place an extreme burden on
                          the industry, with significant impacts flowing to the
                          industry’s customer base.
                      - In order to restore the necessary flow of critical supplies and
                          resources, a priority for efforts to decontaminate and certify
                          decontamination will need to be placed on stock that is or
                          recently has been in transit and on supply-chain support
                          facilities. The consumables supply chain is extremely
                          sensitive because it relies on “just-in-time” supply logistics.

   Small Business Needs
      - Participants noted that small businesses would be especially impacted by
          the incident. It would be a struggle for them to organize themselves to
          coordinate recovery efforts with the public sector. Most small businesses
          cannot survive if shut down for more than two weeks, and many will not be
          able to afford the costs of decontamination or of continued access
          restrictions to their facilities. Though the SBA provides disaster assistance,
          the group questioned whether funds would be available to cover the
          additional costs of decontamination and/or relocation. Participants also
          suggested that the SBA and Department of Commerce consider specific
          grant programs for these events in order to meet small businesses’ needs.
          Grants were identified as preferable to loans, as loans can place an
          insurmountable financial burden on small businesses.
   Economic Recovery
       - The group identified a number of specific issues facing the private sector
         during the recovery period, including:
             o Transportation of people and priority goods;
             o Reestablishment of supply chains and markets;
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            o Ensuring adequate staffing;
            o Rebuilding consumer and market confidence; and
            o Reimbursement, compensation, and liability issues.

 Accurate, Consistent Messages
       - The Public/Media Group stressed the need for accurate, consistent
          information. The group focused their inquiries on:
              o The status of bodies;
              o School closings;
              o Insurance and liability claims;
              o Plague containment; and
              o Border security.

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1.2   Move 2: +90 Days

1.2.1 Overview
Long-term medical effects of the HD and plague attacks are         National Impact +90 Days
beginning to surface.      Connecticut’s and New Jersey’s
economies continue to suffer from decreased tourism and travel.    Dead: 20,000
                                                                   Sick: 14,000
Victims’ compensation and lawsuits related to the attacks,         Worried Well: 1,000
response costs, and ongoing public information campaigns
continue to grow in cost.
1.2.2 Key Issues
     Targeting Public Information
         - Participants determined that public briefings should still be issued daily but
            be limited to key facts and numbers. More detailed public updates were
            targeted toward at-risk populations, with assistance from FEMA on
            developing pamphlets in multiple languages.
     Building Public Confidence
         - The group stated that public uncertainty would limit the recovery process by
             preventing people from traveling, purchasing goods and services, and
             returning to work and school. Suggestions to combat public uncertainty
                 o Initiating a statewide public outreach/marketing campaign;
                 o Inviting public officials, community leaders, and celebrities to the
                     area; and
                 o Planning a festival at the incident site for the upcoming summer.
     Extending Federal Funding for Long-Term Recovery
         - CT officials noted that current Federal assistance for mental health and
            economic recovery efforts would expire before full recovery from the HD
            and plague incidents occurred. The group discussed requesting extension of
            FEMA and other Federal funding past designated timelines.
     Establishing Blue-Ribbon Panel for Economic Recovery
         - The CT Governor’s Office proposed a Blue-Ribbon Panel of State and local
             agencies and private sector representatives to assess the economic impact of
             the attack and determine recovery efforts.
     Addressing Affected Buildings
        - CT participants stressed the need to coordinate with the EPA, American
            Red Cross, Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and
            other Federal agencies to allocate funding and establish procedures to house
            dislocated persons, demolish and reconstruct houses and offices, and certify
            buildings as “clean.”

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     Victim Compensation and Liability Costs
         - The group discussed the impact of costs arising from class action lawsuits
            and victim compensation on recovery efforts and on the economy. CT
            officials were concerned that the precedent for victim compensation set by
            9-11 could overwhelm resources in an incident of this scale.

New Jersey
  Consistency of Environmental Assessments
        - NJ officials discussed the importance of ensuring that all Federal, State, and
           private sector environmental assessments be coordinated in events of this
           kind. Conflicting or mixed messages on the “cleanliness” of an affected
           area can severely undermine public confidence and undo much of the
           State’s effort to educate the public with consistent, accurate information.
     International Protocols on the Shipment of Remains
         - NJ officials discussed the lack of adequate procedures for shipping human
             remains internationally after an incident. The bodies may house agents that
             could cause further spread of the disease or be used to harvest more of the
     Ensuring Food Supply Chain
         - NJ officials frequently expressed concern about the continuity of the State’s
            food supply. Their concerns centered on difficulties in production because
            of a shortage of migrant labor and difficulties in shipment of goods to the
            State because of a reluctance to enter an area that might still be perceived as

Interagency Group 1: Human Services
   Strategy for Youth Mental Health Needs
         - Federal agencies discussed developing a strategy for addressing the unique
            mental health needs of young persons.
   Disaster Recovery Centers (DRCs)
         - Federal participants identified the need to regulate the number of active
            DRCs to reflect declining use.
     Rebuilding the Thames River Public Housing Project
         - HUD will work with Connecticut to apply for funding under the Capital
            Fund Reserve for Emergencies and Natural Disasters to pay for the costs of
            demolishing and rebuilding the Thames River public housing project.
     Outreach Strategy for Undocumented Immigrants
         - Participants identified the need to set up outreach teams to provide
            undocumented immigrants information on Federal, State and local
            assistance programs.

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     Managing Victim/Victim Family Compensation Funds
         - Interagency officials addressed the issue of coordinating Federal and
           nongovernmental organization resources to determine eligibility,
           distribution, and administration of compensation funds, as well as the issue
           of adjudicating declaration and compensation issues for victims outside of
           Connecticut and New Jersey.

Interagency Group 2: Emergency Services
   Emergency Services Support
         - The group discussed the possibility of depleted resources 90 days after the
             incident. In particular, participants identified the need to:
                 o Replenish the SNS;
                 o Compensate hospitals for treatment;
                 o Determine treatment costs at secondary hospitals; and
                 o Secure FEMA assistance in handling State outreach strategies for
                    ethnic populations.
     Repatriation of Remains
         - Participants identified the need to coordinate with the States and with UK
            and Canadian officials to identify the remains of foreign nationals and
            determine standards for repatriation.
     Animal Control
         - The group discussed methods of controlling the animal population,
           including distributing animal pharmaceuticals to veterinarians through the

Interagency Group 3: Community Recovery and Mitigation/Infrastructure
   Identifying Hazard Mitigation Opportunities
         - Federal agencies should support State and local efforts to perform post-
             incident assessments. These assessments would enable the identification of
             potential vulnerabilities and allow for the proper allocation of resources to
             address them.
     Victim Compensation
         - Participants recommended that Congress consider a mixture of liability and
            direct victim compensation, although size, scope, and scale issues remained
     Supplemental Congressional Appropriations for Economic Recovery
         - Supplemental appropriations would provide additional funding for
            community relief and recovery, public health needs, and other economic
            recovery programs.

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     Identification and Repatriation of Fatalities
         - Participants identified the need to account for identification and repatriation
             delays in future contingency planning by:
                 o Establishing coordinated protocols for processing fatalities; and
                 o Managing public expectations regarding timely repatriations as part
                     of an overall media strategy.
     Customs and Borders Issues
         - Participants identified border security (entry and exit screening), economic
            issues, trade and travel, and tourism as potential areas of concern.

Private Sector
     Ongoing Need for Public-Private Information Sharing
        - Participants identified the need for ongoing information regarding recovery
            efforts from Federal, State, and local government and other private sector
            groups 90 days after the incident. To facilitate timely recovery-related
            decision making, the private sector will need sector- and geography-specific
            intel regarding the remaining threat(s). Though government agencies may
            be transitioning into “watch and warning mode,” the infrastructure
            coordinating councils were identified as one possible conduit for ongoing
            information sharing.
     Competitive Forces
        - In response to a question from the New Jersey Group, the Private Sector
           Group determined that competitive forces would result in the retail and
           trucking industries’ restoration of goods and services despite lingering fear
           and uncertainty. The group decided that the trucking community would be
           operational at 90 days, with possible delays due to the availability of goods
           and demand. Despite the restoration of these services, the financial impacts
           of recovery would persist.
     Federal Long-Term Assistance
         - The group noted that private sector entities and individual businesses are
            not eligible for most government grants, and that the private sector would
            most likely access federal long-term assistance through state economic
            recovery strategies. As a result, participants identified coordination with
            the individual state government as especially important for securing long-
            term assistance.
         - The private sector needs prompt guidance and information regarding
           whether potential business failures due to these incidents will be treated
           differently than, for example, those due to natural disasters. Prompt
           information is also needed regarding whether there will be specific
           programs for this incident (as there were for 9/11) and what the geographic
           and other limitations will be on such programs.

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     Ongoing Need for Coordination
        - At Move 2, the Private Sector Group briefed the various Federal and State
            agencies on their needs and questions. Players from all groups expressed
            doubt that processes for similar coordination with the private sector in the
            real world were in place. During these briefs, private sector participants
            requested and received updates from the CT and NJ Groups on:
                o State advisories for enhanced vigilance;
                o DHS and DoED security assessments at places of higher learning;
                o Public sector efforts to attract revenue and stimulate the economy,
                   including tax-exempt sales periods and tourism campaigns;
                o Federal and State assistance and development programs;
                o Opportunities for private sector contributions;
                o Ongoing decontamination efforts;
                o Public sector efforts to control wages and retain labor;
                o Mental health and public health resources and efforts; and
                o Victim compensation and private-sector liability.

   Community Outreach
        - At this point, the NJ Group approached the media to discuss collaboration
             on a statewide outreach strategy to rebuild public confidence and inform
             residents on recovery efforts.
        - The CT Group similarly approached the media to discuss an outreach
             campaign to promote its upcoming “Shell Out Connecticut” festival.

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1.3   Move 3: 180+ Days

1.3.1 Overview
A total of 600 victims requiring long-term medical care and
                                                                 National Impact 180+ Days
therapy remain. Federal assistance to businesses continues,
while government leaders at all levels balance increased         Dead: 22,000+
security measures with the restoration of free commerce.         Sick: 600
Decontamination is complete, but recovery efforts continue to    Worried Well: —
focus on mental health, unemployment benefits, and victim
compensation costs.
1.3.2 Key Issues
  Including Recovery Costs in the State Budget
         - CT officials noted that the State budget would be in the drafting process 180
            days after the incident. The group stressed the need to reallocate funds in
            the State budget to cover long-term recovery costs.
     Expanding State Templates for Long-Term Recovery
         - CT officials stated that the State has boilerplate templates for long-term
           recovery processes. Several participants wanted to develop more detailed
           State plans to address long-term recovery.
     Planning for and Funding Long-Term Recovery Efforts
         - The group discussed recovery efforts at 180+ days, including:
                o Planning public memorial services;
                o Funding a continued mental health campaign;
                o Funding ongoing unemployment assistance;
                o Securing financial support for the local economy; and
                o Developing a long-term patient tracking and disease surveillance

New Jersey
  Litigation, Victim Assistance, and an Indemnification Fund
        - NJ officials discussed their concerns over the precedent set by the
           relief/indemnification fund used after the 9-11 attacks to limit post-incident
           litigation. State agencies were concerned that a similar approach may be
           too costly and ineffective in a bioterrorism incident involving tens of
           thousands of victims. They suggested exploring alternative policies or
           legislation to address this potential issue before future attacks occur.

     Agricultural Exports
         - When Canada expressed concern over possible interruptions in food
            shipments from New Jersey because of agricultural labor shortages, the
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             State responded by enabling the use of prison labor to fill this shortfall.
             When Canada discovered that its laws prohibited the importation of goods
             produced using prison labor, New Jersey and Canada had to negotiate a
             creative solution.
                 o This issue raised awareness of the need for sensitivity and
                     understanding of foreign law and of the ability of seemingly minor
                     legal hurdles to complicate and delay decision making, even in crisis
     Stafford Act and Mitigation Funding
         - When discussion of funding for mitigation purposes arose, Federal and
             State officials noted that they would again be ineligible for Federal
             mitigation assistance because of the Stafford Act’s limited definition of a

Interagency Group 1: Human Services
   Extending Federal Programs
         - Federal agencies recommended that they identify ongoing needs and locate
             funding for programs such as crisis counseling and temporary housing
     Client Assistance Network (CAN)
          - Participants identified the CAN as an exemplary program to coordinate
             disaster services among agencies.

Interagency Group 2: Emergency Services
   Coordination with International Partners
         - The group discussed the need to guarantee the non-infectivity of the human
             remains of foreign nationals for repatriation.
         - Participants felt that international standards for decontamination would be
             necessary to ensure the flow of goods and services from affected areas.
     Long-Term Disease Surveillance
         - The group stated that Federal agencies should be assigned to administer a
            registry of victims for long-term medical tracking.

Interagency Group 3: Community Recovery and Mitigation/Infrastructure
   Supplemental Congressional Appropriation for Recovery Efforts
         - Participants agreed that the $20 billion supplemental appropriation should
             be comprised of:
                 o $8.15 billion for Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)
                 o $6 billion for victim compensation;
                 o $1 billion for disaster relief;

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                o $1 billion as compensation to New Jersey and Connecticut for
                  agricultural losses, including livestock, poultry, and crops; and for
                  market assistance;
                o $1 billion for unemployment compensation, including migrant labor;
                o $2.85 billion for the American Red Cross, EPA, and Veterans
                  Affairs; crisis counseling; offsetting economic impacts in other
                  States; enhanced security measures; hospitals; disaster loan
                  programs; schools; and health monitoring.

   New Jersey’s Labor Shortage and Agricultural Output
          - Participants were concerned with New Jersey’s ability to deliver sufficient
              and safe agricultural products to Canada during Move 3. They identified a
              need to develop an agreement between Canada and the United States
              defining acceptable terms of trade. The group discussed problems
              associated with the use of prison labor in New Jersey.
     Alleviating Community Tensions and Ensuring Public Safety
          - Participants agreed that the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada
             should consider developing a coordinated strategy to restore peaceful
             community relations.
                 o The three nations should work together to curb radicalization in
                    communities by cooperating with the media to reach out to groups at
                    risk for radicalization.

Private Sector
   Long-Term Recovery Funding and Support
          - The Private Sector Group felt that the ongoing need for public confidence
             would require ESF-14 to remain in effect for at least one year after the
          - Participants discussed options for ongoing recovery assistance after the
             discontinuation of the interim aid package, including bonds, grants, and
             loans. The private sector also requested an assessment by Federal, State,
             and local participants on recovery costs and any incident-related financial
             shortages to help the private sector determine the availability of grant
             money as well as government’s ability to service existing debt and fund
             existing programs.
     Private Sector Efforts
         - Participants identified several ways for the private sector to contribute to
             recovery efforts, including:
                 o Identifying and acting upon business opportunities;
                 o Reviewing and revising internal policies, plans, and procedures;

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                 o   Providing training support and technical expertise;
                 o   Advising the legislative process;
                 o   Responding to dispel fears and rebuild public confidence; and
                 o   Approaching public sector agencies to support emergency planning
     OSHA Training for Work Force
        - OSHA representatives suggested establishing a training program on worker
           safety and health for private sector personnel. Participants expressed
           concern over potentially harmful compliance requirements, but added that
           the private sector could contribute supporting expertise for such a program.
     Continued Economic Recovery
         - The group identified a need to waive labor restrictions to maintain sufficient
            output of goods and services. In addition, potential shortages due to
            reduced supply chain support could impede market recovery by producing
            intense competition for reconstruction services and the failure of small
            businesses. The failure of critical small- and medium-sized suppliers to the
            defense industry must also be anticipated.
         - Private sector participants continued to discuss issues surrounding
            economic recovery, including the cost of:
                o Increased security;
                o Regulatory changes on industries;
                o Mental health resources;
                o Insurance coverage for victims on hospitals;
                o Litigation;
                o Supply disruptions; and
                o Rebuilding after shortage-induced civil unrest.
         - The group identified pre-planning and advance coordination with the public
            sector as ways of securing a more efficient recovery. The private sector
            also needs information and guidance to build response and recovery plans
            for multiple future events that may be in different stages of response and

   Media and Public Inquiries
        - At Move 3, the Public/Media Group identified questions surrounding the
             long-term recovery process. These questions focused on the:
                o Implications of demographic shifts due to deaths, unemployment,
                     mental trauma, and demolished housing;
                o Impact of the attacks on local industries;
                o Cultural impact of the attacks;
                o Cost of the response and recovery process;
                o Cost and availability of victim compensation; and
                o Efforts to prevent future attacks.
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                                    T3 LSG SCENARIO

                                         FSE ENDEX
                                          April 2005
General Situation:
Victim Status: On April 4, 2005, as a result of the worst series of terrorist attacks in history, the
                          resources of the Federal
   HSAS – ORANGE          government, in cooperation              National Casualty Status
   MARSEC – 1             and coordination with local,        Dead                      11,000+
                          tribal, and State efforts, were     Under Medical Care 35,000+
mobilized and deployed to deal with the situations            Worried Unexposed 250,000+
created by the terrorist attacks. In addition to the
casualties from the explosion and chemical attack in Connecticut, plague cases were also
reported nationwide. The States worst hit by the plague are concentrated in the northeast section
of the country. As of noon on April 8, there were 11,269 plague fatalities and 28,830 plague
illnesses nationwide. Five hundred people were killed by the Vehicle-Borne Improvised
Explosive Device (VBIED) and Mustard (HD) attack in Connecticut and another 6,500
experienced effects of the HD.

Plague cases, either directly related to the terrorist attacks in the United States, Canada, and the
United Kingdom, or spread by secondary transmission, have been reported in 22 countries
around the world with 261 people hospitalized and 81 dead in addition to the casualties in the
United States.
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Environmental Status:
The only chemically contaminated area was in New London, Connecticut.

Public perception is that the
contamination is more widespread
than they are being told and that parts
of New Jersey and the Northeast are
contaminated with plague.

Decontamination of victims is
complete      in    New      London,
Connecticut. Other decontamination
operations are ongoing. Contamination
survey operations are ongoing in the
New London area and in New Jersey.

Infrastructure Status:
Sections of I-95 in the affected area of
Connecticut were initially closed and
all rail traffic through the area was
stopped. By April 8, the interstate was
open again and rail traffic resumed.
Temporary flight restrictions were
imposed over parts of Connecticut and
New Jersey, but were later reduced
and finally ended by April 8. A
general advisory was issued for New
Jersey airports due to ground
transportation restrictions within the
State of New Jersey, including roads to and from airports. The Federal Aviation Administration
advised air carriers to seek alternate destinations and Air Traffic Control implemented a ground
stop for flights into Newark. The acting governor of New Jersey closed all roads leading into and
out of New Jersey at the height of the response, but later reopened them. The U.S. Coast Guard
raised the MARSEC level to 3 for the entire United States, but later dropped it to 1, with the
exception of the ports of New Haven, New London, and Long Island Sound, which remain at

Sociopolitical Status:
Nationally, sadness at the loss of life is mixed with anger at the perpetrators of the attacks. A
groundswell of emotion and patriotism, not seen since the attacks of September 11, 2001, has
swept the country.

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Many colleges and universities are considering whether or not to complete the remainder of the
spring semester or to just end the semester early. In addition to those teachers and students that
died, many of the surviving students are still traumatized by the events of early April.

Mental health issues affect the communities as people try to deal with their losses and the
changes in their lives caused by the terrorist attacks.

Businesses in New York City have been adversely affected as workers who live in New Jersey
and Connecticut have been unable to go to work due to illness or movement restrictions.

There are already questions being posed about whether or not the victims of the terrorist attacks
will be compensated in a similar manner as the victims and families of the 9-11 attacks.

Public Safety Status:
The attacks in Connecticut and New Jersey were quickly declared “Incidents of National
Significance.” A Presidential Disaster Declaration was issued for the State of Connecticut and a
Presidential Emergency Declaration was issued for New Jersey. The emergency declaration for
New Jersey was amended on April 8 to designate all 21 counties for individual assistance, but
was limited to the Individuals and Household Program. The acting governor of New Jersey
submitted a request that the emergency declaration for New Jersey be converted to a “major
disaster” declaration under the Stafford Act. The Secretary of the Department of Health and
Human Services declared a public health emergency for the State of New Jersey. The ARC
established 66 feeding sites and 50 stranded traveler sites in New Jersey.

On April 6, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Science and Technology (S&T)
division, deployed Biological Emergency Support Teams (BESTs) to Trenton, New Jersey and
New Haven, Connecticut and a Relocatable Field Laboratory (RFL) was deployed to a site in
New Jersey halfway between Trenton and New Haven. The teams were sent to establish
BioWatch Urban Monitoring in those cities. They began retrieving samples twice a day on April
7. Operations continued at this pace until April 15, at which time they returned to baseline
monitoring. The BESTs and RFL returned to their home stations on April 21.

Donations some needed and others not, have been pouring into the Northeast, primarily to New
Jersey and Connecticut. No national mechanism has been provided to coordinate the public’s
donations of goods, services, and volunteer time. Although FedEx offered to transport donations
into the affected areas for free, the offer was declined because of a lack of coordination
mechanisms, including a mechanism to ensure the donations could be trucked from airports to
the affected areas.

Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
Nationally, the HSAS level is Orange. Connecticut went to HSAS Orange on April 5. New
Jersey went to HSAS Red on April 5 and downgraded to Orange on April 8. Movement
restrictions were initially imposed on the hardest hit counties in New Jersey with the acting
governor later closing all traffic into, and out of, New Jersey. The travel restrictions were later
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Travel of all types has been adversely affected as people are wary of going where there are large
groups of people for fear of being exposed to pneumonic plague.

Based on law enforcement information and intelligence, one ship was boarded on April 6 and
suspected terrorist materials were seized. Items seized included precursor chemicals for HD and
personal protective equipment (PPE).

On April 7, four suspected terrorists were apprehended by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
(RCMP) as they attempted to cross into Canada from the United States. Three of the suspects
were charged with attempted murder whereas the fourth was charged with a lesser crime. Also,
on April 7, one armed Fronte Salafiste pour la Liberation de Terre Etrangere (FSLTE) member
was apprehended in Oromocto, New Brunswick, during a hostage standoff at a terrorist safe

Law enforcement officials in the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada continue to work
closely to identify and apprehend all members of the terrorist group or groups responsible for the
attacks in the United States and United Kingdom.

NORTHCOM deployed their Quick Response Force to the Millstone Nuclear Facility to relieve
National Guard troops guarding the facility. The Quick Response Force was released from
security duties on April 7.

Economic Status:
Some Federal departments and agencies have already requested budget supplements to help pay
for their response efforts and anticipated future needs.

As of April 7, partial economic losses for New Jersey were estimated at $557 million for the
chemical industry due to lost and reduced production, over $24 million in insurance losses of all
kinds, and over $410 million in health care and hospitalization costs. Burial costs for the dead
(which includes lost time from work to attend funerals) in New Jersey are projected to be over
$48 million.

Public Information:
The United States, United Kingdom, and Canada issued a joint declaration condemning the
terrorist attacks.

People in the projected downwind hazard area in Connecticut initially received conflicting
information concerning whether they should shelter in place or evacuate. Working with the
ARC, a hotline was set up to help people locate family members missing after the attack.

New Jersey disseminated phone numbers for an information line to answer health questions and
another line for reporting suspicious activity to law enforcement.

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Information concerning plague and wild and domesticated animals was disseminated to the
public. Also, television and radio campaigns were developed to disseminate public safety
information on such topics as the signs of emotional or mental distress in children, the safety of
local fresh seafood, and how to safeguard pets.

International condemnation of the attacks has been swift, with almost every country in the world
sharing the grief of the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom and pledging their
support in locating and bringing the perpetrators of the attack to justice. Many countries have
made overtures to the U.S. Department of State seeking to provide assistance, either monetarily
or in kind.

In Canada, the first positive confirmation of a plague victim was made on April 7. That victim
had been a passenger on a cruise ship that had stopped in New Jersey.

In the United Kingdom, terrorists detonated bombs on April 6 and 7. The April 6 explosion was
a VBIED that had a chemical component. It was detonated in London. On April 7, a second
bomb was detonated in Waterloo. A third bomb was found on a London bus on April 7 and
disarmed before it could explode. There are 50 confirmed dead from the explosions (including
four police officers and two members of the ambulance service). Over 1,100 persons were

The United Kingdom went to MARSEC 3 at Felixtowe, its largest port facility, on April 6.

Foreign countries have requested help from the U.S. State Department in identifying any of their
citizens who have died in the United States as a result of the terrorist attacks. Arrangements for
the repatriation of remains are ongoing.

All passengers departing from the United States are being medically screened for plague.

Some countries—the United Kingdom, Singapore, Thailand, and France—temporarily prohibited
flights from the United States from landing in their countries, but these bans were later lifted.
The confusion surrounding air travel involving the affected countries has substantially affected
the number of passenger miles that are being flown.

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All victims of the chemical attack and subsequent explosion have been rescued or recovered.
Identification efforts for the dead and injured, especially children, are ongoing. A number of
                           the children who lost their
  HSAS – ORANGE            parents in the attack are either           Casualty Status
  MARSEC – 2               too young or injured to provide    Dead (HD)                 450
                           next-of-kin information to         Hospitalized (HD)       6,500
response personnel. As of April 8, 2005, several people       Dead (Plague)               0
have been admitted to local hospitals with flu-like           Sick (Plague)               0
symptoms, though no cases of plague have been                 Worried Unexposed 25,000
confirmed. Because of the proximity of Connecticut to
New Jersey and the areas exposed to plague, a number of people have been potentially exposed
and infected.

The number of dead from the HD attack and explosion totaled 450, with another 6500 victims
hospitalized because of chemical exposure, trauma injuries, or a combination of the two.
Medical personnel fear that some of the victims who were rescued will eventually die from
injuries or from systemic poisoning from the HD exposure. Many of the victims will need long-
term medical care and may never fully recover.

Statewide, hospitals are operating at maximum capacity. Burn wards are overfilled and spilling
into other sections. A significant amount of hospital stores and supplies have been used over
the past few days and there is a considerable unmet demand for respiratory equipment.

Across the State, mortuaries are at full capacity and are nearly overwhelmed with the dead from
the blast and HD attack.

Specialized resources are being called in from the Federal level to assist. This includes
specialized equipment from the SNS and additional alternative care facilities.

All of the mass care shelters have ceased operations and temporary housing has been found for
those who can not return to their homes. Public information during the event has left many of
these displaced people confused about whether they can return or not. Many are distrustful of
the government’s claim that their houses are clean and safe for return.

L&M Hospital has established financial counseling for the many patients who cannot pay for
their medical treatment or whose insurance will not cover the treatment due to the cause being
an act of war/terrorism. The American Red Cross Family Assistance has been helping patients
without insurance cope financially as well.

Environmental Status:
The majority of the chemical contamination is limited to the immediate vicinity of the attack.
Contamination survey and decontamination operations on land and up and down the Thames
River are ongoing. Priorities are to gather forensic evidence from the scene for law
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enforcement; monitor and decontaminate; and return things to normal.

The Department of Public Health reported that no problems were identified regarding drinking
water contamination.

Infrastructure Status:
Several businesses and residents have been forced to close or evacuate due to structural damage
from the VBIED. The local rail station, Union Station, is among these structures. The rail
tracks are also damaged and rail traffic is being rerouted. Other than the area immediately
surrounding the blast site, all road traffic has returned to normal.

The ferry service in New London has been halted due to the attacks. The increased marine
security levels, combined with damage to the terminals and local road closures, have made
ferry operations impossible for the near term following the attacks. This is of particular concern
for the residents of Fisher and Block Islands, as the ferry service is their main supply route to
the mainland. The operators of the Long Island Ferry are forced to cease operations due to
concerns at either end of their trip. The loss of this ferry service is a major blow to the New
London tourism industry.

The freight terminal at the Port of New London has been closed pending the termination of the
FBI investigation.

                                                Sociopolitical Status:
                                                Over 2,300 people from New Jersey and over
                                                35,800 people from New York commute into
                                                Fairfield County on a daily basis. Also, over
                                                51,000 Fairfield County, Connecticut, residents
                                                commute to New York and another 1,900
                                                commute to New Jersey daily. Although this
                                                county remained unaffected by the blast or
                                                primary contamination of HD, it is poised to be
                                                the hardest hit from the plague.

                                              Although most workers have returned to their
jobs and most schools have reopened, parents are still not comfortable sending their children
back to schools. During the incident on April 4, schools followed their standard operating
procedures and locked down. This prevented parents from getting their children out of school,
something that they fear may occur again. They are also concerned about contamination in the
schools, what their children could be exposed to in schools, and what their children will see,
hear, or learn about the terrorist incidents. Some parents are considering home schooling,
whereas others who cannot use that as an option are attempting to send their children to schools
in districts outside of the affected areas.

Public Safety Status:
Several command posts were established in response to the event. These included a Unified
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Command Post, a Joint Field Office, Joint Information Center, and Joint Operations Center.
These command posts were staffed by a variety of Federal, State, and local agencies. All of
these remained in operation throughout the week of the attack, but most were starting to reduce
their presence. The Joint Operations Center (JOC), with the FBI as the lead agency, was
positioned to remain in operations for several more weeks to complete their investigation, as
well as the Joint Information Center (JIC), which will continue to provide information through
press releases and public announcements.

Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
The FBI has cordoned off the blast site and has requested that the National Guard provide a
significant security presence. This includes 24-hour protection provided by four HUMVEEs
and their associated staffing. Investigative teams from local, State, and Federal law
enforcement agencies continue to work together at the scene of the blast to gather forensic

Economic Status:
Several businesses in the area immediately surrounding the blast have been closed since the
explosion. Those nearest the blast site have sustained structural damage and will be closed for
several more days or weeks as repairs are made. Statewide, normal business has been
interrupted by the event as the governor has asked everyone in Connecticut to protect in-place
and remain indoors.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the State Department of Environmental
Protection (DEP) have placed a ban on commercial fishing in the area around New London
until further testing and monitoring can be completed. They expect to set up a long-term
monitoring program that will detect the possible presence of contaminants for several months
to come.

The Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection (DCP) has begun inspecting large
manufacturing facilities near the City Pier, particularly soft drink manufacturing facilities and
bakeries. DCP food inspection teams have been working with local businesses affected by the
terrorist events to take inventory of embargoed food. The inspectors will approve documented
losses to the businesses for insurance purposes.

State Pier (site of the chemical spray attack) received about 20,000 metric tons of cargo
(lumber and copper products) during April 2004. Cargo levels were expected to be at this level
or higher in 2005 (shipping levels increased from 10,000 tons in 2003 to 20,000 tons in 2004).
The MARSEC level was increased to a level 3 for the Port of New London and Long Island
Port, but later lowered to 2 late on April 7 for the Long Island Sound Zone and lowered from 2
to 1 at the remaining eastern ports. Because of the increased MARSEC level at the Port of New
London, ferry traffic into and out of the Port of New London will experience significant delays.

The SBA is offering disaster loan assistance to homeowners, renters, businesses of all sizes,
and nonprofit organizations for their disaster-related losses. SBA is also offering disaster loan
assistance to small businesses to address the adverse economic impact of the disaster.
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Public Information:
Immediately following the attack, Governor Rell released a statement urging
all residents of the State of Connecticut to protect in-place. This message
was not reinforced by the State Emergency Operations Center or the town of
New London. Further confusion came from the public watching VNN news
coverage of rescue workers working at the scene without personal protective
equipment and stating in interviews that there were no hazards present.

By the end of the week, the public protective messages were more
coordinated with the governor lifting the protect in-place order and all public
information programs stating that, while there is no longer an apparent immediate danger, all
residents are still being asked to limit their amount of travel to prevent the possible spread and
cross contamination of the agent to unaffected areas.

The Connecticut Department of Public Health and the Connecticut Department of Consumer
Protection issued food safety advisories to consumers and local health departments—food that
has been exposed, in plastic containers, or cardboard boxes was listed as not safe to eat. They
determined that food in sealed aluminum laminated packages and in sealed metal cans was safe
to eat after washing off the metal container with warm, soapy water.

The Connecticut Department of Mental Health, as well as the American Red Cross Mental
Health Assistance, set up public information campaigns focusing on handling stress. Television
and radio campaigns concentrated on helping parents monitor symptoms of stress and mental
health problems in their children, and also making sure parents take care of themselves. Public
information campaigns were also established for citizens with special needs.

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New Jersey:
Victim Status:
                           The 29,000 plague victims requiring
 HSAS – ORANGE             medical care include a significant             Casualty Status
 MARSEC – 2                number of victims who are being          Dead                    9,000
                           cared for at home, as hospitals do       Under medical care 29,000
not have enough beds to accommodate all the victims. An             Worried Unexposed 90,000
estimated 8,000 patients still needed beds. The hospitals still
need to provide services to victims of accidents, fire, heart attacks, and patients who need
specialized care in a hospital. Operation Exodus transferred 100 patients from eight New Jersey
Hospitals to Dallas, Texas. All elective surgery has been postponed until after the current crisis
is resolved. A total of 8 million New Jersey residents received prophylaxis.

Environmental Status:
Citizens are concerned that their home and business HVAC systems may be contaminated and
contributing to the spread of the plague. Environmental sampling and decontamination efforts
have begun.

Animals infected with plague included 7,000 cats and 500 rabbits, all of which died.
Prophylaxis was provided to 1,000 dogs and 2,000 cats. Many pet owners insisted on
medicating their animals (some giving medications meant for people) even though many pets
were not infected with plague.

Infrastructure Status:
Because of the nature of a biological attack, New Jersey suffered no damage to its physical
infrastructure. However, the 9,000 fatalities and 29,000 citizens requiring hospitalization have
seriously affected all aspects of life in the Garden State. Not only are the dead and sick not
available to the workforce, but their family members have taken vacation time, family leave, or
have just not come to work to take care of sick family members or to handle funeral
arrangements. Shortages of workers caused by illness or death have caused many businesses to
either scale back their operations or close their doors.

Distribution systems for food and other items have been severely disrupted. The New Jersey
Health Department required all food warehouses, supermarkets, and so forth, to dispose of all
existing stocks of perishable foods that may have been exposed to the plague. General
distribution and warehousing operations outside of New Jersey are unwilling to receive
shipments of any sort from New Jersey.

Sociopolitical Status:
After an initial “run” on antibiotics by a frightened public, aggressive public information efforts
and the arrival of additional pharmaceuticals has eased the public’s concern that medications
will not be available. Residents also expressed concern over food shortages. A food distribution
system using National Guard and Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) volunteers
was contemplated, however, never implemented.
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                  Primary and secondary schools, along with colleges and universities, were
                  closed. Kean University provost requested students evacuate campus. All
                  students in New Jersey are requested to return to school April 11, 2005.

The State Medical Examiner’s Office established a system to notify families of deceased loved
ones. Morgue capacity was exceeded. ESF 7 provided 30,000 body bags for plague victims.

Public Safety Status:
                         The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) deployed the
                         Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) of pharmaceuticals to New Jersey
                         to support needs in New Jersey and surrounding states. DHHS, in
                         coordination with pharmaceutical manufacturers in the United States,
                         is in the process of establishing a “pipeline” of the most needed
                         pharmaceuticals to the hardest hit areas.

The following Federal departments and agencies have deployed response teams to New Jersey:

      FEMA Region II Emergency Response Team Advanced (ERT-A)
      National Disaster Medical Services (NDMS)
      Disaster Medical Assistance Team (DMAT)
      Disaster Mortuary Assistance Teams (DMORT)
      CDC Vector-Borne Infectious Disease Team
      CDC Epidemiology Team (also to Connecticut)
      CDC Occupational Health Team (also to Connecticut)
      Veterinary Medical Assistance Team

Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
Investigative teams from local, State, and Federal law enforcement agencies are on-scene to
gather forensic evidence. A Joint Operations Center was opened in the FBI Newark Field
Office to coordinate response efforts and a Joint Information Center was opened in the State
Police Division Headquarters in West Trenton to coordinate public information activities. The
Joint Field Office was opened in Jersey City at the Port Authority of New York and New

Economic Status:
Staff overtime has far exceeded budgeted amounts. The New Jersey County Office of
Emergency Management has requested an emergency appropriation of $25 million to meet this
funding shortfall. They have also requested an additional $10 million for consumable supplies.
Casinos in Atlantic City did not close; however, clientele diminished greatly.

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Distribution systems of all types have been adversely affected. Federal Express has shut down
its entire Newark, New Jersey operation. Large retail organizations and large food distribution
organizations are shut down throughout New Jersey.

Almost all ships have pulled out of, or diverted from, New Jersey ports.

Public Information:
The governor, health commissioner, State epidemiologist, and State
Director of Emergency Management all appeared in scheduled news
conferences to keep the public informed of the current situation, which
includes the HSAS Threat level, SNS arrival, and travel restrictions. Special
broadcasts addressed issues such as whether plague could affect drinking
water or food supplies, preventative measures taken at home, closings of
schools, and effects of plague on pets. Initially, residents were encouraged
to boil water; however, after closer examination, it was determined that
boiling water was not necessary. Both the water and food supply were
deemed safe. Additional press releases described the symptoms of plague and what the public
should do to obtain medication. Citizens were instructed to go to the hospital if they
experienced plague symptoms; otherwise, they should go to the nearest Point of Distribution
(POD) to receive medication. Press releases also detailed POD information such as locations,
hours of operation, language capabilities, and instructions for special needs citizens. Public
announcements regarding school closings occurred, as well as reopening of schools.

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                                  ENDEX + 30 DAYS
                                     May 2005
General Situation:
Victim Status:
Response efforts have concluded and recovery efforts are well underway. All victims have been
                           rescued or recovered and all have
           YELLOW          been identified. Memorial Day            National Casualty Status
  MARSEC – 1               activities, in addition to honoring    Dead                  16,000+
                           fallen military, will include          Sick                  24,000+
special services for the victims of the terrorist attacks. Both   Worried Unexposed 20,000+
local and national media have been airing human interest
stories about the victims and those that displayed heroic acts during the response phase.

Other than in New Jersey and Connecticut, only a few new cases of plague have been reported
nationwide. The few new cases of plague reported elsewhere in the nation were among hospital
workers or persons caring for sick family members. No additional victims of the HD attack in
Connecticut have been identified.

Environmental Status:
All potentially contaminated human remains have been decontaminated and removed from the
site of the chemical attack by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). As
part of the continuing recovery efforts, a Federal Interagency working group, in coordination
with the State of Connecticut, has reached an agreement on clean-up levels. The U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers (USACE) has been requested to remove and dispose of the contaminated
debris. The work inside the debris zone will include stabilization, segregation, characterization,
collection and management of water, air monitoring, sampling, and lab/data management/
coordination. Absence of Federal funding may slow down the recovery process as property
owners may have to address residual contamination issues. The States have requested that the
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) support contamination assessment efforts and assist in
the disposal of decontamination materials and waste water. In Connecticut, the U.S. Coast Guard
has transferred lead agency responsibility to the EPA for environmental issues.

Infrastructure Status:
Because of the nature of the terrorist attacks, with the exception of the site of the VBIED
explosion in Connecticut, there was little to no physical damage. However, disruptions to normal
operations are having a ripple effect on businesses of all sizes.

The I-95 corridor in New Jersey reopened and air restrictions over Middlesex and Union
Counties ceased as travel restrictions were lifted.

With MARSEC Level 2 still in effect for the Long Island Sound area, movements into and out of
ports have been slowed, but continue. The rest of the country is at MARSEC 1.
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Individuals and businesses are concerned that property values in parts of New Jersey and
Connecticut will go down because of the link between the areas and the terrorist attacks. Despite
assurances from several government agencies that there is no contamination, some people are
still afraid that the attack sites are contaminated.

Sociopolitical Status:
Although all the shelters established during the response to the attack have closed, there are still
people living in temporary housing in the Northeast section of the country. Most of the people in
temporary housing are tired of being there and want to return to their homes, while some are
afraid to go home and want to remain in the temporary housing.

Across the Northeast, many colleges and universities have seen a significant drop in the number
of students who have elected to participate in graduation ceremonies in May and June. Many
have requested that their diplomas be mailed to their homes.

Public Safety Status:
Nationally, the Homeland Security Advisory System (HSAS) Level has been downgraded to
YELLOW and the Marine Security (MARSEC) level is at 1 (with the exception of the Ports of
New Haven, New London, and Long Island Sound which remain at 2). A Stafford Act
declaration, with ESF 5, 6, 8, 10, 14, and 15 activation, was issued to support recovery activities.

Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
The additional restrictions of being at MARSEC 2 for the Long Island Sound area have cargo
and cruise ship operators concerned. Required random x-rays of 50 percent of the baggage, as
well as the inspection of all deliveries entering port facilities, is slowing down the turnaround for
many ships. The cost of maintaining additional security personnel at the piers and loading areas,
although not yet significant, has some ship operators worried. Although there are no cruise ships
scheduled to dock at State Pier in 2005, one is scheduled for 2006. Increasing the cruise ship
trade in the New London area is an important item for the future growth of the area’s tourism.
The area takes in about $50 per guest ($25,000 when a ship docked in 2004). The stigma of the
chemical attack and explosion could adversely affect the future of tourism in the New London

Since the attacks, the terrorist group taking responsibility has only released one public statement.
In it, they blamed the reason for the attacks on all western nations for their resistance to the
spread of Islam.

Economic Status:
Questions are beginning to surface nationally about whether or not there will be a “9-11-like
fund” provided by the Federal government to aid the victims of the attacks and their families.
Many victims’ families have been approached by lawyers concerning litigation against the
government and private organizations and officials.

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Similarly, some private-sector entities involved in the initial response effort, and many involved
in longer-term recovery efforts, are concerned about their exposure liability due to their
activities. They seek government assurances that they will have greater protections from liability
than are available in non-crisis circumstances.

Once it was determined that the staff would be in a safe area, the Small Business Administration
(SBA), in coordination with FEMA and the states, opened outreach centers in the disaster-
impacted communities offering loan assistance to victims for private sector disaster-related

Public Information:
The media, reporting on activities of Congress, reports that several members of Congress are
calling for investigations into the attacks. Specifically, the representatives want to know how the
terrorists were able to get into the country and obtain their weapons of mass destruction. Calls
for a special commission are also being heard. The special commission would be similar to the 9-
11 Commission, and would look into how the attack occurred and the effectiveness of the
response at all levels of government.

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Victim Status:
The number of HD victims remaining in the hospital is slowly decreasing. Some         will remain
                         under the care and
  HSAS – YELLOW                                              Casualty Status
           YELLOW        supervision     of    the
  MARSEC – 2             hospital recovering from  Dead (HD)                            500
                         chemical burns and slow   Hospitalized (HD)                  2,000
healing trauma injuries. Relatively few patients   Dead (Plague)                      1,400
have died due to complications from their exposure Under medical care (Plague)        3,200
to HD.                                             Worried Unexposed                  9,000

The first cases of plague began appearing in Connecticut on April 7, but were not definitively
diagnosed until April 11. By April 14, Connecticut had to deal with over 250 citizens infected
with plague with that number steadily increasing to over 3,000 by the end of the month. State
pharmaceutical stockpiles have been significantly diminished and the governor has made a
request for a Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) push package to be delivered to the State
immediately. The Connecticut EOC is predicting that New York, Massachusetts, and
Pennsylvania will also request SNS resources at this time and are preparing for pharmaceutical
scarcities. Assistance from other state National Guard resources will be needed as the
Connecticut National Guard may be unable to meet 100 percent of their duties as listed in the
SNS Memorandum of Agreement. The Connecticut Department of Emergency Management and
Homeland Security (DEMHS) estimates that the State will only need one SNS package to satisfy
their emergent needs.

The medical system, strained earlier by the chemical casualties (later relieved by a timely
redistribution across the nation as part of the National Disaster Medical System (NDMS)
response), is again on the verge of collapse with large and growing numbers of plague victims.
Due to the shortage of hospital beds, FEMA/NDMS dispatched 10 of its 35 person Disaster
Medical Assistance Teams (DMAT) to the State. They, along with hundreds of U.S. Public
Health Service Officers from the Department of Health and Human Services and medical service
personnel from the Department of Defense, augmented the overwhelmed health care system and
established numerous auxiliary health care centers. Although these facilities were established to
help with patient isolation and care, many victims are still unwilling to travel to them and prefer
to be cared for in their homes by family members or in other ad hoc care centers established by
the Connecticut/Hartford based CT-1 DMAT and other local hospitals, community health
centers, urgent care facilities and home health agencies. It is estimated that over 2,000 victims
remain at home.

Crisis counseling centers have been established for the general public while many of the first
responders are being treated by the crisis counseling services provided by their organizations.
Just as after 9-11, many are reconsidering faith-based counseling and are seeking guidance from
government sources for how to connect with counselors sanctioned by, or affiliated with, their
preferred faith-based organizations.

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Additionally, local hospitals and public safety agencies have to deal with the loss of staff,
supplies, and equipment as a result of their response to the attack. All victims, first responders,
and clean-up personnel are being registered for long-term medical monitoring to track any
mental and/or physical effects from the attack.

The dramatic increase of deceased due to the plague has now overwhelmed the mortuary
capacity. Hospitals, city morgues, and private morgues are over capacity as well, and are
requesting immediate assistance. Mass morgues have been established to deal with the large
number of dead. The bodies from the explosion and HD exposure have overwhelmed the
capacity of local mortuary services. The addition of the numerous plague victims is more than
local mortuary services can process. There is a significant backlog in processing and releasing
bodies to families.

Hospital staffs have been reduced by 30 percent due to attrition from the plague. All hospitals are
reporting an increased need for supplies as they deal with the demands of treating the plague
victims in addition to their normal patient load. This includes items ranging from sophisticated
respiratory equipment to a dramatic increase in laundry service.

Environmental Status:
                                              Decontamination operations on the contaminated
                                              rubble from the attack site are nearing completion.
                                              Over 80 percent of the rubble has been
                                              decontaminated and moved to another location for
                                              forensic investigation. The USACE is conducting
                                              air monitoring, sampling, surveillance of
                                              personnel and equipment, and managing
                                              contaminant control measures within the debris
                                              zone. A mobile Trace Atmospheric Gas Analyzer
                                              (TAGA) has been brought into New London by
the EPA where it is expected to remain in operation for several months.

Soon after the response period, issues regarding the decontamination and disposition of animals,
including house pets and seagulls, were raised. There were concerns about pets and animals
being exposed to not only the Mustard agent, but the plague as well, and being contaminated,
then potentially spreading contamination. The Department of Agriculture (DA) recommended
that if pets go outside during the sheltering period, they be washed with warm, soapy water
before being let back into the house. The DA also requested Veterinarian Medical Assistance
Teams (VMATs) from FEMA to monitor and recover companion animals. Many veterinarians
were dispatched to assist with the rescue of animals. FEMA activated the Disaster Animal
Response Team (DART) to conduct animal decontamination. These measures continue
throughout this period as many animals have died and many have been abandoned by owners
fearful of being contaminated.

Infrastructure Status:

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All rail tracks have been cleared and rail service has returned to normal with the exception of the
closure of passenger service at Union Station. All passenger rail traffic has been rerouted to
Mystic until Union Station can be rebuilt. This also affects the local Greyhound Bus service as
their depot was collocated inside Union Station.

Provisions have been made to reroute road traffic and reopen the ferry service to Block and
Fisher Islands. This was a necessity to support the communities on those islands. Although there
has been a sharp reduction in pleasure and tourist traffic, essential goods are getting through. The
Long Island Ferry service has remained closed due to security reasons.

Although they are beginning to see
a sharp decline in business, the
Mashantucket Pequot Tribe, that
owns and operates the Foxwoods
Resort Casino, pledged its support
to the State of Connecticut and the
Federal government for the recovery
of the southeastern area of
Connecticut. One of the largest
employers in the area, Foxwoods, is
a major tax contributor to the State,
providing       approximately    $14
million a month. Other than the impact on business in the casinos, there are no other significant
tribal issues at this time.

Socio-Political Status:
Approximately 400 people evacuated from the immediate area affected by the explosion still
need housing. One of the main residential buildings that has been condemned and evacuated due
to blast damage was the Thames River Apartments, a Federally subsidized housing project.
Residents of these buildings initially stayed in shelters or with friends and family, but all have
been moved to temporary housing at this time. Some families are insisting that the government
provide permanent alternative housing. Additionally, many residents are not returning to their
homes as they are not convinced that all the areas affected by the explosion and HD are
decontaminated and safe for occupation.

Public Safety Status
Many of the victims and first responders are facing the psychological impacts of the attacks.
Caregivers are exhausted. The State and local public safety agencies are running out of funds to
pay overtime. Even if the money were available for overtime, some emergency response
personnel have reached their physical and psychological limit and absenteeism is on the rise.

Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
Following New Jersey’s lead, the governor of Connecticut has ordered travel restrictions
throughout the State. This includes a ban on all nonessential travel. The enforcement of this
restriction has been left to each locality. Several citizens are upset that the travel restrictions have
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been instituted. They complain that not being able to go to their jobs is causing them undue
financial hardship.

Economic Status:
Local governments and the State are concerned about cash flow issues as the unexpected costs of
responding to the terrorist attacks have significantly affected their budgets. The unbudgeted
overtime for emergency response personnel and increased staffing needs for security have played
havoc with the State and local government budget plans.

Insurance underwriters and companies are reviewing their payout policies in response to the
potentially large number of claims they will have to settle. Issues they are addressing include:
Can the attacks be considered an “act of war?” Is there terrorism insurance that should cover the
claims versus normal property or life insurance? Because of these outstanding issues, between 10
percent and 15 percent of the claims have not been resolved.

Businesses of all sizes are concerned about the negative impact the attacks are having on their
business—although they were not directly affected by the attacks, their customer base was.
Pedestrian traffic on New London streets has dwindled and the statewide travel restrictions have
forced many businesses to close.

The travel restrictions have also made a significant impact on the tourism industry during what is
normally the peak season. Attendance at Mystic Seaport and other resort shops is down with an
estimated loss in sales of 80 percent. Casino attendance is down 50 percent with a loss of
revenue to the State of over $7 million a month. Casino management has made it known that if
this trend continues, the casinos may need to close completely for the short term to compensate
for the losses.

The Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection has been taking measures to monitor price
gouging and devious trading practices regarding cleaning and debris removal and other services

Public Information:
The Governor’s Office, in coordination with the Connecticut Departments of Public Health and
Mental Health, has been broadcasting public information and education messages to keep the
public informed. The State has also set up a website where citizens can view and download
information, as well as post questions about any issues related to plague, HD, and the terrorist

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New Jersey:
Victim Status:
16,000 citizens are still hospitalized or are being cared for in their homes, many of whom are
                           expected to die in the near future.
           YELLOW          Surge capacity at hospitals is                 Casualty Status
  MARSEC – 2               exceeded and many patients are            Dead               14,000
                           waiting for beds. The ability of the      Sick               16,000
                           health care system to provide             Worried Unexposed 9,000
prophylaxis monitoring and surveillance is overwhelmed, as the
reduced number of health care providers are faced with the care of thousands of victims and
worried well. Also, health care providers are experiencing personal grief after losing family
members and coworkers. The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) is still
providing personnel to offset shortages of doctors, nurses, medical specialists, veterinarians,
social workers, pharmacists, and funeral directors. Medical supplies are exhausted (including
gloves, gowns, medical equipment, and surgical masks). It is estimated that $10 million dollars
are needed to fund necessary medical supplies.

Mental health issues of major proportions are appearing throughout the State. 200,000 citizens
need mental health counseling and 1,000 first responders need critical incident stress counseling
or mental health counseling. The New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, assisted
by grants from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, are attempting to address
these issues. Health care providers are expecting crisis counseling funding to reach $25 million
dollars. FEMA crisis counseling is available.

Environmental Status:
Despite the best public information efforts by State and local governments, many citizens are
still concerned that there is “plague contamination” in their homes and workplaces. Additionally,
citizens voice concern over burial grounds for infected bodies and the potential to contaminate
the surrounding area. Despite repeated assurances from government agencies that environmental
sampling for plague is not necessary; many people do not believe that there is no contamination.
Environmental sampling is ongoing to help assure the public that there is no physical
contamination from the plague.

Pet owners continue to request medication for animals even though they are not infected with

Infrastructure Status:
All roads, bridges, rails, and borders are operational in New Jersey. MARSEC Level 2, which
requires extra security at ports, has affected arrival and delivery of cargo. Also, many trucking
firms have refused to travel in New Jersey for fear of infection, causing shipment delays and
food shortages. Many citizens are concerned about shortages of food and other necessities due to
travel restrictions.

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Sociopolitical Status:
Citizens have minimized participation at sporting events, concerts, and other public events by 50
percent. Attendance at many college and university graduation ceremonies is down significantly.
Both Rutgers and Princeton Universities report that the withdrawal of applications for admission
is significantly larger than usual, especially out-of-state applicants who are electing to either
remain in their home states or attend schools outside the Northeast.

Public Safety Status:
There has been an influx of volunteers and donations in New Jersey. Emergency management
personnel are confronted with volunteer issues, such as certifying the qualifications of the
volunteers; developing and issuing credentials for approved volunteers; addressing liability
issues; and ensuring that the volunteers are distributed where they are most needed. However,
volunteers waiting to donate blood and blood products have significantly dropped. Unsolicited
donations, including perishable goods, are flooding New Jersey. Storage facilities for donations
are at maximum capacity.

New Jersey has endured daily memorial and funeral services for the 14,000 citizens who have
died from plague. Some members of the public have complained that religious burial practices
are being comprised due to the delay in burying the thousands of victims who have died from
plague. Issuing death certificates in a timely manner has become an issue. Funeral homes in the
most affected areas have been overwhelmed by their workloads, especially because many of
them are operating with reduced staff. Storage capacity at funeral homes has been surpassed.

Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
The ability of the health care system to provide prophylaxis monitoring and surveillance is being
stretched to the breaking point as the reduced number of care providers are faced with the care of
thousands of victims, as well as with dealing with their own grief after losing family members
and coworkers.

Numerous legal issues are beginning to surface. Additionally, citizens are raising questions
pertaining to maintaining scheduled court dates; enforcing deadlines for licenses, applications,
and permits; as well as extending tax form deadlines. State courts and State attorneys general are
also concerned and are suggesting extensions to statutes of limitations for filing civil suits so that
persons do not forfeit any of their legal rights because they were precluded by events from filing
on time. Furthermore, citizens are filing insurance claims for reimbursement for unemployment
and financial losses.

Economic Status:
In New Jersey, shortages of personnel are widespread across all industries, particularly health
care providers and first responders. There is an estimated 7,500 person shortage in New Jersey.
Personnel shortages have resulted from absenteeism, deaths from plague, fear, and anxiety. An
assessment of personnel needs has begun. Overtime costs have escalated to compensate for
personnel shortages. Overtime costs, including salary, food, and housing, have exceeded
budgeted amounts, and an estimated $25 million is needed to offset it. Unemployment rates have
increased to 12 percent.
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Businesses are looking for compensation for destruction of shipments and inventory (perishable
food stocks) and for decontaminating facilities, vehicles, and equipment that were located in the
affected areas and may have been exposed to the plague.

Large cargo transporters and supply chain management companies (such as overnight carriers)
are taking seven-figure self-insurance losses per facility due to the shutdown of their Newark and
other New Jersey operations. Large retail and food distribution companies that depend on these
companies are also taking six- to seven-figure losses per facility.

Public Information:
Government Public Information Officers have been working overtime releasing multiple
language public service messages dealing with issues such as movement restrictions,
preventative actions to avoid exposure, treatment locations, plague education, and legal

The governor appointed a recovery task force to assist his Office of Recovery and Victim’s
Assistance shortly after the attacks. He initiated a series of weekly “fireside chats” to update the
public on the current situation in New Jersey, what is being done by the State, what is being done
by the Federal government, and what local citizens can do to help with the recovery.

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                                   ENDEX + 90 DAYS
                                      JULY 2005
General Situation:
Victim Status:
Many of the victims of the terrorist attacks are still hospitalized. Some of the plague victims have
                          developed        other        medical
           YELLOW         complications. For the HD                       Casualty Status
  MARSEC – 1              victims, some of them face                Dead                 20,000+
                          several more months of treatment          Under medical care 14,000+
and rehabilitation due to bone marrow suppression and the           Worried Unexposed 1,000+
need for bone marrow transplants and/or transfusions. The
local and national public information campaigns have been successful and the number of
“worried well” presenting at medical facilities has dropped to manageable numbers.

Environmental Status:
Environmental sampling of the areas affected by plague and the chemical attack was completed.

Infrastructure Status:
All transportation centers have reopened. Passenger loads on commercial airlines and AMTRAK
are down, but are continuing to build as public fear of commercial transportation and large
gatherings fades.

Sociopolitical Status:
With the summer vacation period at its height, the events of early April, although not forgotten,
are not a high priority to many in the country. The 4th of July saw many activities that
commemorated and honored the victims of the April attacks. Patriotism seems as high as ever.
Although these signs of solidarity provided a boost to the morale of those most affected, they did
little to alleviate the immediate concerns of those in the affected areas. Incoming freshman
classes are expected to be smaller than usual in most colleges and universities throughout the
Northeast. The most common reason given for not attending their “first choice” institution of
higher learning was concern for student safety.

As the 4th of July approaches and security measures are initiated nationwide, many people are
asking what the Federal government can do to prevent future attacks like the ones experienced in
April 2005.

Public Safety Status:
Many Federal departments and agencies are exploring downsizing their efforts or are rotating
personnel to staff positions that will remain open.

The American Red Cross (ARC) closed the shelters opened during the response. Those displaced
from their homes have either returned home or found other housing. FEMA continues to
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disseminate disaster assistance information in the affected areas and continues to evaluate the
location of Disaster Resource Centers to best serve the needs of the public. The ARC has had
over 6,000 people apply to them for assistance in meeting uncovered medical expenses
(including co-payments, prescription costs, durable medical goods, and medical procedures).
FEMA is providing grant assistance for uncovered medical and funeral expenses.

Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
Law enforcement and intelligence agencies continue their search for the people behind the
attacks. The terrorist group that took credit for the attacks has been silent since their initial

Economic Status:
The summer tourist season for the Northeast met the worst expectations. Tourists opted to go to
locations other than the Northeast. As expected, the tourism industries in Connecticut and New
Jersey were hardest hit. Despite the best efforts of the various chambers of commerce and tourist
offices, vacationers were still apprehensive about lingering contamination or disease in those
hardest hit States.

Employment issues have become a major concern. Some businesses report a shortage of skilled
workers due to deaths or the workers moving away from the area. Some workers report that they
are unable to go back to work because the company they worked for is no longer in business.
The number of people requesting mortgage and rental assistance is increasing.

The Small Business Administration (SBA) is fully engaged in addressing the physical losses and
economic impact in the affected areas. They have established multiple outreach offices
throughout the impacted States.

Most private sector entities in the affected areas, and many throughout the nation, have begun an
intense assessment and revamping of their emergency response and continuity of business plans
based on the shortfalls discovered during this crisis. The private sector is discussing and
proposing the formation of new associations and becoming aligned to official information and
intelligence sources. They are also insisting on a stronger connection to the response mechanisms
of local government and the rest of the public sector.

Public Information:
Although the national media has mostly relegated stories of the recovery in the affected areas to
the inside pages of their newspapers or to occasional human interest clips on television, local
media continues to cover the recovery efforts.

The Department of Labor (DOL) has worked closely with local media on stories focusing on
workers and work-related issues. Surveys of employment and unemployment data by locality
and industry have begun.

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Victim Status:
                             There are no new cases of HD exposure reported across the State. The
             YELLOW          occasional hay fever sufferer,
   MARSEC – 2                because of burning/itchy eyes,          Casualty Status
                             has reported to medical          Dead (HD)                510
                             facilities believing that they   Hospitalized (HD)      1,000
have been exposed to HD. All victims and patients from        Dead (Plague)          1,500
the initial blast have been identified and have been          Sick (Plague)          1,600
registered for monitoring for long-term effects of HD.        Worried Unexposed        500
Patients in hospitals that are recovering from HD continue
to be released. Most of the victims are home from the hospital. A few more patients have
succumbed to their injuries in the recovery process. The number of dead from the plague is now
three times greater than the number killed in the HD attack and explosion. In the beginning
stages of the plague epidemic, the State began to take measures to control the spread. Due to
advanced warning from New Jersey and the State's initiatives at the start, Connecticut has
controlled the spread of plague. Medical experts believe that they have broken the
exposure/infection cycle and that the number of new victims will decrease significantly.
Morgues and funeral homes continue to be overwhelmed.

Mental health issues continue to be of major concern. The stress of being a victim, a victim’s
family member or friend, or treating and caring for victims has taken a toll on everyone. Crisis
counseling centers have been established throughout the area to address this issue. Critical
incident stress counseling is ongoing for emergency workers. Concern about loss of jobs or
businesses is beginning to add to the number of people needing mental health counseling.
Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression are three to four times the normal rate.
Sixteen percent of adults still have persistent distress, including accomplishing less at work (65
percent), avoiding public gatherings (24 percent), and using alcohol, medications, or other drugs
to relax, sleep or feel better (38 percent).

Environmental Status:
Decontamination and clean-up efforts for all areas immediately affected by the attack are
complete. All of the contaminated debris has been removed by USACE to another location to
allow law enforcement personnel to search for forensic evidence and then to final disposal.

Sampling of businesses and private homes in the vicinity of the chemical attack are underway.
Decontamination methods are being explored. Water, soil, and air analysis sampling for HD have
all been negative. Confirmatory sampling of sediment and shellfish is being conducted to
alleviate concerns about the area’s seafood and shellfish.

Infrastructure Status:
Temporary facilities for AMTRAK rail and Greyhound bus stations are now open as the stations
are being rebuilt. All of the other structures in the vicinity of the bomb blast have been inspected
for damage and repairs are underway. Approximately 50 percent of the families displaced by the
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attacks have been placed in permanent housing or returned to their homes. The remainder of the
displaced residents continues to need temporary housing.

Sociopolitical Status:
Victims of the attacks are demanding financial assistance. They have suffered financial loss, as
well as loss of life. With only a limited amount of public experience in this legal area, victims
base their claims on those of the 9-11 attacks and demand equal compensation from the Federal

The public continues to receive assistance, including counseling in the areas of unemployment,
behavioral health disorders, grief management, and alcohol and drug abuse related to post-
traumatic stress.

Public Safety Status:
Attrition due to stress and plague has caused a marked reduction in public safety staffing—
especially in local hospitals. Recruitment of public safety personnel to replace those lost is
underway, but the replacements are not yet ready for the field, and staffing levels remain

Voluntary donations that had poured into the area are beginning to taper off. Donation managers
are now faced with the difficulty of determining the final disposition of these donations. Many
donations have not reached the point of need, and donors and media outlets are raising concerns.

Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
Lawsuits against insurance companies as well as local, State, and Federal government entities are
increasing as victims and others seek financial remuneration for their losses. Also, the Thames
River Apartments residents displaced by the HD release have filed a class action suit seeking
new permanent housing that is subsidized and in the same location.

Economic Status:
During the summer, there are countless festivals for towns along the water. These festivals are
integral to the towns’ economies. Many of these weekend fairs and festivals have been, or may
be, cancelled or poorly attended. Travel and tourism in Connecticut is down 25 percent. The
casinos and resorts located on tribal property are particularly affected. This has had a ripple
effect in that a drop in their revenue has resulted in a corresponding drop in the revenue provided
to the State.

Public Information:
Most workers have returned to their workplaces, their fears of contamination alleviated after the
institution of the government’s public information campaigns.

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New Jersey:
Victim Status:
                         The patient load in New Jersey hospitals is beginning to ease. The
        YELLOW           number dying each day is decreasing.
 MARSEC – 2              The number of “worried unexposed”              Casualty Status
                                                                   Dead                15,000
                         presenting at New Jersey medical
                                                                   Sick                 8,000
facilities has dropped significantly as public information
activities have had the desired effect. The public information     Worried Unexposed      500
campaign is estimated to cost $500 million to $1 billion. Public
service announcements and press releases are keeping the public informed on recovery progress.

Crisis counseling is being offered at community centers to help 200,000 citizens handle the
losses and suffering caused by the terrorist attacks. Crisis counselors have paired with Employee
Assistance Programs (EAPs) to provide focus group sessions targeting traumatic stress reactions,
coping strategies, and resilience building. A number of mental health counseling opportunities
have been made available to responders and citizens alike. Disease surveillance has returned to
pre-attack levels. Medical surveillance and monitoring continues.

Environmental Status:
No contamination from the plague has been found. Because there is no evidence of
contamination, the EPA’s role has diminished, and EPA officials have returned to their normal
assignments and duties. Despite these assurances on the part of the government, a number of
people are still worried that their homes or workplaces may still harbor contamination. Some say
that they will not feel safe until their dwellings have been completely inspected.

Infrastructure Status:
Schools across New Jersey are being shut down because of the lack of students, teachers, and
nurses. Because of the mandatory 180-school day rule, calendar considerations are being made.

The New Jersey Department of Agriculture is concerned that if migrant workers are not available
to plant and harvest crops, New Jersey farms will be adversely affected with a resultant increase
in the cost of produce and other agricultural products.

Socio-Political Status:
All transportation centers have reopened.

There are a few families still in temporary housing because they fear that their homes are

All temporary morgues have closed.

Small business owners are still struggling due to losses suffered from the attack. These people
might be facing housing foreclosures or bankruptcy and the social ramifications are significant.

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The citizens are starting to openly blame the government. They are asking why the government
did not know about the attacks or do anything to prevent the attacks. Some are demanding that a
Congressional Commission similar to the 9-11 Commission be established to look into the April
attacks, and are questioning the so-called intelligence reform.

Public Safety Status:
There are 500 of the original 2,000 National Guard soldiers still on duty within the state. They
are providing assistance with the increased security requirements imposed after the terrorist

Ninety-five percent of first responder and Office of Emergency Management key personnel
losses have been addressed.

Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
The extra security personnel deployed to Rahway Prison at the height of the plague epidemic
have been released to their normal duties.

Citizens are beginning to pursue their legal rights, including if they are eligible to receive
funding equivalent to the 9-11 victims. Malpractice suits are also emerging from those who feel
their loved ones did not receive adequate medical treatment or attention. Some are also inquiring
as to their legal rights regarding those who experienced adverse reactions to doxycycline and/or

Fraud issues are emerging. Unscrupulous companies have begun selling “biological and
chemical protection kits” for individuals and families. None of the items in the kits are NIOSH-
or OSHA-approved and none of the items have been tested against live agents. Also, some
lawyers are offering to help victims with legal claims, but only if they receive 50 percent of any

Economic Status:
Requests for financial assistance are prevalent. Hospitals are requesting $500 million in financial
assistance and grants to assist with paying for the enormous expenses associated with treating the
large number of casualties. Private hospitals are not eligible for Federal grant assistance, but are
eligible for disaster loan assistance from the SBA. Some private hospitals are seriously
concerned about bankruptcy as they need grants rather than loans to stay solvent. Hospitals are
requesting legislation be passed to modify Federal government involvement in financial
reimbursement to hospitals. As insurance companies examine their liability responsibilities
during a terrorist attack, they are slow in paying reimbursements. Citizens are correlating
contamination with hospitals that once received plague patients. This correlation is reducing
hospital intake and causing concern of bankruptcy. The congressional delegation has lobbied for
$1 billion for reimbursements for the reduction in tourism, real estate values, and business. Local
jurisdictions have applied for grants and other financial assistance to help them pay the costs of
their response, including salaries and equipment.

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Unemployment has decreased to 8 percent however; many industries are still experiencing a
shortage of personnel and skilled workers. For example, there is an estimated 5,000 migrant
worker shortage causing concern for farmers, as the harvest is ready. The reduction in migrant
workers will result in a shortage of supplies, prompting an increase in imports. Increased imports
will raise prices. Prices of produce, meat, and canned goods are estimated to increase by 20
percent, 25 percent and 15 percent, respectively. Farmers are requesting financial assistance to
help them defray the higher costs for labor to bring in the harvests.

The State of New Jersey is still recovering from the loss of 1.5 million jobs due to the biological
attack. Furthermore, while casinos remained open, they experienced a significant decline in

Attendance at public gatherings such as sporting events, concerts, and other events has
improved; however, it still remains 20 to 25 percent below normal attendance. Businesses
dependent on tourism are experiencing considerable losses. For example, it is estimated that
casinos in Atlantic City could lose $12.5 million daily and casino support infrastructure could
lose $5 million daily. Because 10 percent of the gaming revenues go to the State, New Jersey
would lose approximately $1.25 million a day in gaming income.

Public Information:
The governor’s “fireside chats” are working to alleviate public concern and inform the public
about what is happening.

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                       ENDEX + 180 DAYS AND BEYOND
                               OCTOBER 2005
General Situation:
Victim Status:
With the exception of about 600 victims, all of the surviving victims have returned, or are
                            attempting to return, to their
   HSAS – YELLOW                                                         National Casualty Status
            YELLOW          normal lives. The 600 victims
   MARSEC – 1               nationwide that still need medical        Dead                 22,000+
                            care include victims from the             Under medical care      600+
chemical attack and blast who will need long-term medical             Worried Unexposed        80+
care and therapy, and plague victims who developed
complications as a result of their illness. No victims are still infected with plague.

Environmental Status:
Similar to what took place during the SARS and Legionnaires Disease “scares,” people are
demanding to know that their office and home heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC)
systems are free of contamination. HVAC companies, working closely with the EPA and OSHA,
have trained their employees on internal protocols to work in potentially contaminated spaces.
All office buildings have been cleared and are operating normally. Tenants still perceive risks to
returning to their offices and the EPA and the building managers have instituted a public
information program to address those perceived risks.

Also, FEMA is addressing issues involved with the final disposal of the debris that has been
decontaminated. They are facing tremendous resistance from every site they have explored for
disposing of the debris.

Infrastructure Status:
There are no significant infrastructure issues.

Sociopolitical Status:
The Federal government is addressing the loss of working capital to businesses due to the
immediate adverse economic impacts of the terrorist attacks. Relocation issues continue. Some
individuals no longer want to live in the areas affected by the attacks. Because of the reduction in
customer base, some businesses desire to relocate outside of the affected communities. The SBA
continues to have disaster loan personnel in multiple outreach locations throughout the affected
communities; however, victims (individuals and businesses) want grants, not loans, from the
Federal government. The SBA continues to provide advice and assistance to the business sector
in an effort to return businesses back to normal.

Government leaders at all levels are addressing the need for implementing and continuing
increased security measures (e.g., intensive screening of people, modes of conveyance) and the
restoration of the free flow of commerce.
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Public Safety Status:
The ARC continues to provide support to the victims and their families and process requests for
grants and loans to pay for uncovered medical expenses. Questions have been raised concerning
what percentage of donated money actually gets to victims and how much is spent on overhead.

FEMA continues to disseminate public information on disaster assistance and registration
methods. New registrations for assistance have slowed considerably. Because of this, FEMA is
adjusting its staffing levels at its Disaster Resource Centers. Other Federal departments and
agencies that fielded support teams are evaluating the necessity of maintaining their teams in the
field. Some departments and agencies are returning their teams to their home station and
providing support through their regional offices or through their normal assistance processes.
FEMA is examining legislation to see if there are provisions for the permanent relocation of
some of the victims. FEMA is also evaluating whether or not to deactivate ESF 14. Due to
“donation fatigue,” there is a shortage of donations of all types—especially blood and blood

Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
Although everyone wants to be safer, there are concerns that personal liberties and the free flow
of commerce will be negatively impacted by increased security measures. The Justice
Department and State Attorney General are investigating claims that unscrupulous businessmen
took advantage of victims and worried citizens through price gouging and the sale of “protective
devices” of dubious value.

Economic Status:
As the nation prepares for Halloween and the Thanksgiving holidays, retailers are deeply
concerned about the economic impact of the terrorist attacks on sales and the economy. As the
key sales period of the year approaches, retailers are concerned that even an outstanding sales
period will not offset the losses they had earlier in the year.

The SBA continues to provide advice and assistance to the business sector in an effort to return
businesses back to normal.

Many citizens in New Jersey, and to a lesser extent in Connecticut and other States, are
concerned about the effect the terrorist attacks and the resulting stigma are having on property
values. As the greatest single investment for average citizens, and a major investment for most
small businesses, property values have both immediate and long-term implications. Also,
reduced property values have an impact on property tax revenues.

As businesses both large and small are faced with uninsured losses that threaten their ability to
survive, Congress could be faced with a time-critical decision to intervene or not. A decision not
to act could have debilitating financial consequences for businesses, together with their
employees, lenders, suppliers, and customers.

Public Information:

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Public safety information campaigns have ended, but public information programs addressing
mental health issues and economic assistance programs continue.

Other than at the governmental level in Canada and the United Kingdom, international interest in
the recovery activities of the northeastern United States is almost nonexistent. Trade with Canada
and the United Kingdom has returned to pre-attack levels; however, there are still a number of
countries that are boycotting any imports from the United States, Canada, and the United
Kingdom because of an unfounded fear that the goods may be contaminated with the plague.

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Victim Status:
A very small number of HD agent patients are still in the hospitals on long-term
                          ventilation        (breathing)
            YELLOW        therapy. Almost all of the             Casualty Status
   MARSEC – 2             patients recovering from the   Dead (HD)              530
                          plague have gone home          Hospitalized (HD)       15
from the hospitals. The few remaining patients from      Dead (Plague)        1,550
both incidents have been transferred to various          Sick (Plague)           20
hospices or other long-term care facilities.             Worried Unexposed        0

The “worried unexposed” level is nearly zero and hospital officials anticipate that these
types of patients will no longer be a strain on the system because the public information
campaigns have had their desired effect. It still is anticipated that individual cases may
continue to present themselves in the future, similar to what continues to occur with
anthrax patients.

Mental health issues continue to be a concern, especially as mental health professionals
anticipate the anniversary of the attacks. Referrals to clinical mental health services
continue to be made for those who exhibit severe traumatic stress reactions. Anxiety and
depression are still common. The state’s “211 Info Line” continues to report an increase
in callers over similar periods last year who are reporting domestic violence and children
with problems in school. These additional calls are credited to the after-effects of the
April 4th attacks.

Connecticut Helps Oversight Council (CHOC) and the Connecticut governor’s office
have requested an extension of the Crisis Counseling Program grant from FEMA. This
grant was issued as part of the relief efforts for the HD attack. Crisis counseling needs are
anticipated to last more than a year.

The long-term medical monitoring of all of the first responders continues. This includes
the registration of all responders and scheduling follow-up medical examinations.
Representatives from OSHA and the State DEP have universally agreed on the need for
such a program but funding methods are still undecided.

Environmental Status:
Decontamination efforts for the Mustard attack are complete on all affected structures
and the surrounding areas. U.S. EPA and Connecticut DEP monitoring programs have
consistently reported zero levels of contaminants in the area, but both agencies are
cooperating on establishing a long-term monitoring presence.

USACE is working closely with all of the State and Federal environmental partners to
ensure that the contaminated debris is properly disposed of. USACE is managing the long

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term waste/debris storage, segregation, treatment, and disposition. All water used for
decontamination has been characterized and disposed of appropriately.

Infrastructure Status:
Construction has begun on a new parking
garage. However, issues regarding funding
for the construction have been raised. The
Town of New London is particularly eager to
get the new garage back in operation and
start replacing lost revenue.

Thirty percent of displaced families still
remain in temporary housing. Concerns are
growing about the adequacy of those
accommodations. Families in temporary
housing stage a protest rally at the New
London City Hall and an additional protest at the State Capitol to criticize government
responsiveness. Federal agencies such as FEMA, SBA, and HUD continue to assist
victims and the State with interim and permanent housing solutions.

Sociopolitical Status:
Designs for a local memorial to the victims of the terrorist attacks are being judged.

The November election campaigns are filled with candidates taking different stances on
how the government should respond to the attacks. The majority of the elections are at
the local level, but many feel that the results of this election will set the stage on the
important gubernatorial election for the following year.

Public Safety Status:
Public Safety recruitment and training efforts have been successful. Staffing levels are
beginning to return to normal levels at hospitals and public safety offices. The affects of
being understaffed and overwhelmed for so long have left many of these agencies
swamped with a backlog of service delivery issues that have been pushed to the back
burner. Examples from one agency, the Department of Public Health, are regulatory
inspections of health care facilities, prenatal screening, influenza vaccinations,
training/certifications for sanitarians and EMS, and day care inspections.

Crisis counseling for the first responders and victims of the attacks continues. Mental
health barometers measuring reports of domestic violence and substance abuse still
indicate that there are segments of the population still dealing with the stress of the

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Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
Lawsuits continue to be filed by persons denied medical coverage due to “pre-existing
conditions” defined as exposure to HD. Consumer advocacy groups are demanding
insurance reform and are placing pressure on the Federal government. The insurance
industry is very concerned and is fighting back at the State and Federal levels.

There are additional legal battles being fought over the disposition of those that had
adverse reactions to the medical treatments issued during the plague outbreak.

Economic Status:
Unemployment levels are 6 percent and are almost back down to their pre-attack levels of
4.5 percent. There are elements of the population who are still unable to return to work
either due to physical disabilities, psychological issues, or because they have been unable
to find employment. Career counselors continue to provide additional counseling and
referrals, as appropriate.

Public Information:
A third round of public service announcements has been released. The focus of these
messages is on the delayed emotional impact of disasters and trauma, the long-term
effects of the HD contamination, and the long-term potential of plague in the

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                                QUICK-LOOK REPORT

New Jersey:
Victim Status:
Mental health and crisis counseling continues. Many mental health agencies have waiting
                           lists due to the high demand for
                                                                       Casualty Status
            YELLOW         services. Over 100,000 people still
                                                                 Dead                15,500
   MARSEC – 2              need regular care at mental health
                           facilities, including 2,800 medical   Under medical care     100
care workers. Eight percent of the plague victims are still not  Worried Unexposed        2
medically able to return to work and 12 percent may never be
able to return to their old jobs due to medical reasons. Family assistance centers have
closed and victim advocates have been appointed.

The Health Command Center (HCC) has stood down. Department of Health and Senior
Services personnel have returned to their normal duties.

Environmental Status:
Contamination surveys have been completed and no contamination has been found.

Infrastructure Status:
The realignment of school districts to adjust for the loss of students and teachers has been
finalized. Eight-four of the 600+ school districts explored, or implemented, district
restructuring. Most of the restructured districts are located in Union, Essex, and Bergen
Counties. The restructuring of the school districts was not well-received by students,
teachers, and parents. Although many understand the need for the restructuring
intellectually, students and teachers were emotionally attached to old school districts.
Many citizens chose their home location based on the proximity to the school they
wanted their children to attend. Parents are voicing discontent over children needing to be
bused to new school locations. The governor has directed the Commissioner of Education
to form a task force to address these issues. One of the items being looked into is
relaxation of the qualification requirements for substitute teachers.

Plans and legislation are being developed to improve recovery. The New Jersey
Infrastructure Advisory Committee has completed its first draft of the long-term recovery
plan for the affected areas. The After-Action Report process has begun. It includes a
review of current legislation and an examination of the effectiveness of the Strategic
National Stockpile. Corrective actions and improvements are being provided for future
reference. Reimbursement legislation is proposed to offset actual costs. A tax increase is
contemplated as the State deficit climbs. The State has requested an additional $100
million to help pay for the cost of the recovery efforts.

Sociopolitical Status:
There is heated debate over the issue of redrawing school district lines due to the change
in population caused by the plague deaths and people leaving areas of the State.

                            This Document Contains Canadian
                            and United Kingdom Information
                               T3 LARGE SCALE GAME
                                QUICK-LOOK REPORT
The State is contemplating legislation that provides funding to bridge the gap between
what has been reimbursed from the Federal Government and what the actual costs to the
State were. The proposed legislation would provide funding to make the counties
Public Safety Status:
Public Safety staffing still remains low and is being addressed by increased recruitment,
training, and hiring.

There is a shortage of donations to assist victims due to “donation fatigue.”

Law Enforcement/Legal Status:
Litigation has increased. Unemployment lawsuits have increased, as terminated
employees are claiming absence due to the Family Medical Leave Act. Class action
lawsuits totaling over $4 billion have been filed against public officials for negligence in
the performance of their duties. There are six class action suits ongoing (including two
from New Jersey government worker unions) and over 450 individual lawsuits from State
government employees. The governor has asked the Attorney General to convene a
special panel to attempt to adjudicate these claims without resorting to court action.

Economic Status:
Now that life safety issues are mostly resolved, economic issues are at the forefront.
Critical areas being addressed include: the depletion of unemployment funds; the requests
for financial assistance by farmers, hospitals, and private citizens; and the augmentation
of the workforce to replace workers lost to the plague or who have left the area.

The State is exploring areas to obtain the estimated $27 million shortfall in
unemployment benefits. All 84 hospitals involved in treating victims have asked for a
combined $1.5 billion to offset lost revenue and staff shortages. Business, statewide, is
still down by 20 percent from 2004. Continued long-term use of temporary employees is
diminishing the efficiency of some businesses, especially in the service sector. Public
confidence in products such as pharmaceuticals, dairy products, and small manufactured
goods is down.

Farmers need financial assistance to keep their farms. The total requested so far is $350
million. Hardest hit were the corn and soybean crops, followed by the blueberry and
ochre crops. Dairy farmers and large horse farms were also affected.

Public Information:
The governor’s “fireside chats” continue to be effective.

                            This Document Contains Canadian
                            and United Kingdom Information


    This Document Contains Canadian
    and United Kingdom Information

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