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Bell Work Define the following terms: • Rider • Bill • Subcommittee • Quorum Place notebook in the box for your period. Highlight terms and sections to be graded. 12.2, 12.3, 12.4 Committees in Congress/How a Bill Becomes a Law Standing Committees • There are 20 standing committees in the House and 16 in the Senate • A member of the House is usually assigned to one or two committees; a member of the Senate is assigned to three • Almost all of the work in Congress is done in committee because the members have the experience of their subject area and consider a bill in depth; the committee determines whether a bill will pass or die The leading committees in the House are Rules, Ways and Means; Appropriations, Armed Services, Judiciary; International Relations, and Agriculture The most important committees in the Senate are Foreign Relations; Appropriations; Finance; Judiciary, Armed Services; and Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. • When a bill is introduced in either house, the presiding officer assigns it to the proper committee • Members of committees are elected at the beginning of each term; the majority party has the most members on each committee Committees are divided into subcommittees which handle specific areas of the subject they cover; for example, the Senate committee on Armed Services has subcommittees like the Subcommittee on Personnel to which bills on that subject are referred The House Rules committee has tremendous power because all bills that come out of committee must go through House Rules before they go to the floor for a vote; the House Rules committee decides whether and under what conditions the full House will consider a bill; they can delay it, speed it up or prevent House action on a bill • Select committees • (or special committees) are formed to investigate a current matter; for example, the Senate Special Committee on Aging conducts an ongoing study of the elderly; it holds hearings around the country, issues press releases, and tries to bring greater public and governmental attention to the problems facing elderly Americans It was a special investigative committee that exposed President Nixon and Watergate Joint and Conference Committees • Joint committees are those that are the same in both houses and work together; for example, the Joint Economic Committee conducts investigations and hearings. When a bill passes the two houses with different wording, a conference committee meets to produce a compromise bill which both houses can accept How a Bill Becomes a Law 1. Study the chart on page 345. 2. Go to the Computer Lab. 3. Using Inspiration, create a flow chart that best illustrates how a bill becomes a law. Incorporate the items below. The details with X bullets are mixed up. Organize the details with X bullets into the correct order. 4. Save your flow chart to your H drive. 5. Print your flow chart and turn it in.
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