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12_2 12_3 12_4


									               Bell Work
Define the following terms:
• Rider
• Bill
• Subcommittee
• Quorum
Place notebook in the box for your period.
Highlight terms and sections to be graded.
    12.2, 12.3, 12.4

Committees in Congress/How a
    Bill Becomes a Law
Standing Committees
• There are 20 standing committees in the
  House and 16 in the Senate
• A member of the House is usually
  assigned to one or two committees; a
  member of the Senate is assigned to three
• Almost all of the work in Congress is done
  in committee because the members have
  the experience of their subject area and
  consider a bill in depth; the committee
  determines whether a bill will pass or die
The leading committees in the
 House are Rules, Ways and
 Means; Appropriations, Armed
 Services, Judiciary;
 International Relations, and
The most important committees in
 the Senate are Foreign Relations;
 Appropriations; Finance;
 Judiciary, Armed Services; and
 Banking, Housing, and Urban
• When a bill is introduced in either
  house, the presiding officer assigns it
  to the proper committee
• Members of committees are elected
  at the beginning of each term; the
  majority party has the most members
  on each committee
Committees are divided into subcommittees
 which handle specific areas of the subject
 they cover; for example, the Senate
 committee on Armed Services has
 subcommittees like the Subcommittee on
 Personnel to which bills on that subject are
The House Rules committee has
 tremendous power because all bills that
 come out of committee must go through
 House Rules before they go to the floor for
 a vote; the House Rules committee
 decides whether and under what
 conditions the full House will consider a
 bill; they can delay it, speed it up or
 prevent House action on a bill
• Select committees
• (or special committees) are formed to
  investigate a current matter; for example,
  the Senate Special Committee on Aging
  conducts an ongoing study of the elderly; it
  holds hearings around the country, issues
  press releases, and tries to bring greater
  public and governmental attention to the
  problems facing elderly Americans
It was a special investigative
  committee that exposed
  President Nixon and
Joint and Conference Committees
• Joint committees are those that are the
  same in both houses and work together;
  for example, the Joint Economic
  Committee conducts investigations and
When a bill passes the two houses with
 different wording, a conference committee
 meets to produce a compromise bill which
 both houses can accept
    How a Bill Becomes a Law

1. Study the chart on page 345.
2. Go to the Computer Lab.
3. Using Inspiration, create a flow chart that
    best illustrates how a bill becomes a law.
    Incorporate the items below. The details
    with X bullets are mixed up. Organize the
    details with X bullets into the correct
4. Save your flow chart to your H drive.
5. Print your flow chart and turn it in.

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