SIUC EDU by mikesanye




 Infection of the female internal reproductive organs. This is
 often caused by an unresolved sexually transmitted organism.
 It can involve the fallopian tubes, cervix, uterus, ovaries, and
                                                                  10.13  EXPECTED OUTCOME
                                                                               Usually curable with early treatment and avoidance of further
                                                                               infection. The illness lasts from 1 to 6 weeks, depending on its
                                                                               severity. Poorer prognosis if treated late and high risk lifestyle
 bladder.                                                                      continues.
FREQUENT SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS                                              POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS
 Early symptoms (up to 1 week)                                             • Pelvic abscess and rupture. This can be life-threatening.
• Pain in the lower pelvis on one or both sides, especially                • Adhesions (bands of scar tissue) inside the pelvis.
  during menstrual periods. Menstrual flow may be heavy.
                                                                           • Infertility
• Pain with intercourse.
                                                                           • Ectopic pregnancy
• Foul-smelling vaginal discharge.
• General ill feeling, nausea and vomiting.                              GENERAL MEASURES
• Frequent, painful urination.                                             • Diagnostic tests include laboratory blood studies and culture
                                                                             of the vaginal discharge; pelvic imaging; and surgical diagnostic
 Later symptoms (1 to 3 weeks later):                                        procedures.
• Severe pain and tenderness in the lower abdomen/pelvis.
                                                                           • You may receive treatment as an outpatient if infection is
• Fever.                                                                     mild.
• Increased foul-smelling vaginal discharge.                               • You must adhere to treatment and medication schedule.
CAUSES                                                                       Close medical follow-up care is necessary.
 Bacterial infection (chlamydia, gonorrhea, or mycoplasma) or              • Use sanitary pads to absorb discharge or menstrual flow. Do
 a viral infection. This may be transmitted by an infected sexual            not use Tampons until condition clears.
 partner or can be contracted during childbirth, abortion,                 • Avoid sexual intercourse, tampon use and douching during
 and/or pelvic procedures.                                                   treatment.
RISK INCREASES WITH                                                        • Hospitalization may be required for severe illness.
• Multiple sexual partners.
• Untreated sexually transmitted infection.                              MEDICATION
• Use of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD).                           Early or mild PID may be treated with oral antibiotics and
• Previous history of PID or cervicitis.                                       pain relievers.
                                                                               Intramuscular or intravenous antibiotics to fight infection.
• Practice safer sex - use condoms every time you have sex.              DIET
• Get tested if you are at risk for an STI. See your medical                   No special diet.
  provider for testing.                                                  NOTIFY OUR OFFICE IF...
• Request your partner to be tested.                                           • Symptoms recur after treatment.
• Don’t douche.                                                                • New, unexplained symptoms develop.
• Pay attention to hygiene habits - wipe from front to back
  after urinating or having a bowel movement.                                  References:

Student Health Center
WWW.SHC.SIUC.EDU                                                                                            618-453-3311
This information is for educational purposes only. Consult your                                                   For after hours emergencies call 911
doctor for specific medical advice, diagnosis and treatment.                                                              or go to the emergency room.

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