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Sustainable Development How Green Building Can Help Transform Our Economy Bill Doty, President Doty & Miller Architects Stephanie Strong Cuyahoga Community College Sustainable Development How Can You Help Transform Our Economy? . . . . Sustainable Development • “Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” Term coined from “Our Common Future” World Commission on Environment and Development The 1987 Brundtland Commission Sustainable Design • “The process of sustainable or healthy, high performance or green design involves a universal integrated approach to solving the needs of the built environment while conserving energy and natural resources, and promoting community, history, and the environment for all time” Concepts of Sustainable Development • Natural Capital • Biomimicry • The Triple Bottom Line • Waste = Food • Cradle to Cradle These concepts are attempts to to refocus our thinking in universal and get us a more holistic way. Biomimicry • “Promoting the transfer of ideas inspired by Nature to the design of our world, for a more sustainable, healthier planet.” • A relatively new discipline that studies nature, its models, systems, processes and elements and then imitates or takes creative inspiration from them to solve human problems sustainably. The Triple Bottom Line • Environmental Development • Social Development • Economic Development • Sustainable development integrate and connect these key issues into a whole. works to all three of Waste = Food “or” Nature’s Process • Nature works in cycles • What is unused by one species becomes nutrients for the next - there is no true waste in a sustainable system • Human Interpretation of Nature’s Process • The suns energy drives the process Cradle to Cradle • Cradle to Cradle NOT Cradle to Grave ▫ The idea is that products, can be used, recycled, and used again without losing any material quality—in cradle to cradle cycles. ▫ Americans landfill approximately 600,000 tons of garbage every day. Much of this is waste that has the potential to be reused, recycled or composted. Cradle to Cradle, William McDonough, 2002 • Life Cycle Assesment Climate Counts . org Adaptive Reuse • Adaptive Reuse and Historic Preservation ▫ Reinvigorates a connection to a community through a sense of nostalgia ▫ Reduces the quantity of natural resources ▫ Reduces the spread of blight and violence ▫ preservation is “recycling” on a grand scale. National Sustainable Development Initiatives • Promoting Sustainable Development by Creating Value Through Action, Establishing Networks & Partnerships, & Providing a Voice for Industry Local Sustainable Development Initiatives Local Sustainable Development Initiatives Local Sustainable Development Initiatives Local sustainable development initiatives Village 115 - LEED Silver & Gold •New Residence Halls serving over 700 students Case Western has also recently installed or uses: •Porous Concrete •Solar Power •Green Roof •Electric Maintenance Vehicles Local Sustainable Development Initiatives • Rooftop Garden at CSU The Gund Foundations Efforts The Cleveland Foundations Efforts Green Building Rating Systems • LEED ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ for New Construction for Schools for Commercial Interiors for Neighborhood Developments for Homes • Green Globes • Green Communities (Affordable Housing) • The Living Building Challenge (Beyond LEED Platinum) • International Systems (BREEAM, CASBEE, GBTool) • Energy Star (building energy preformance only) LEED for Neighborhood Development • Unlike the other LEED rating systems, LEED ND works to create an entire sustainably developed community, not just a single building or interior. While these other systems are incredible at producing buildings with optimized energy and material use, health and environmental quality; LEED ND focuses on creating an entire connected community, one that epitomizes the pinnacle of a sustainably developed lifestyle. 10 Best Green Jobs for the next decade • Farmer • Forester • Solar Power Installer • Energy Efficiency Builder • Wind Turbine Fabricator • Conservation Biologist • Green MBA and Entrepreneur • Recycler • Sustainability Systems Developer • Urban Planner Jan. 13, 2009 – Fast Company – “Ten Best Green Jobs for the Next Decade” Job Opportunities in a Green Economy Ohio Building Retrofit Mass Transit Energy Efficient Automobiles Wind Power Solar Power Cellulosic Biofeuls Blue Green Alliance - “Job Opportunities for the Green Economy : A State-by-State Picture of Occupations that Gain from Green Investments” Renewable Energy in US - 2007 American Solar Energy Society- “Green Collar Jobs in the US and Colorado Economic Drivers for the 21rst Century” Renewable Energy Jobs – 2007 American Solar Energy Society- “Green Collar Jobs in the US and Colorado Economic Drivers for the 21rst Century” Energy Efficiency Jobs – 2007 American Solar Energy Society- “Green Collar Jobs in the US and Colorado Economic Drivers for the 21rst Century” Green Jobs Forecast • U.S. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Industries in 2030 • RE = Renewable Energy • EE = Energy Efficiency American Solar Energy Society- “Green Collar Jobs in the US and Colorado Economic Drivers for the 21rst Century” Green Jobs Forecast • Ohio Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Industries in 2030 • RE = Renewable Energy • EE = Energy Efficiency American Solar Energy Society- “Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency- Economic Drivers for the 21rst Century” Green Jobs Forecast • Ohio Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Industries in 2030 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 Wind PV Geothermal Ethanol Biodiesel Biomass Power Fuel Cells & Hydrogen American Solar Energy Society- “Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency- Economic Drivers for the 21rst Century” 2006 jobs 2030 Advanced Scenario Jobs An Ohio History of Renewable Energy Great Lakes Science Center 2007 – Solar Array 2006 – Wind Turbine Charles Brush Windmill 1887 Thought to be first windmill for production of electricity 12kW O'Shaughnessy Dam 1925 Low-impact hydropower Renewable Energy Incentives DSIRE • State by state breakdown of state, local, utility, and federal incentives that promote renewable energy and energy efficiency. www.dsireuse.org Renewable Energy Incentives Ohio www.dsireuse.org Renewable Energy Incentives Ohio • Corporate Tax Exemption • Industry Support (Job Stimulus) • Local Loan Programs • Private Rebate Program • Property Tax Exemption • Sales Tax Exemption • State Grant Programs • Utility Loan Programs • Utility Rebate Programs www.dsireuse.org Initial Cost vs. Effective Final Cost Simple sample analysis for a recent Photovoltaic system in North central Ohio kWH/year kW system Initial Cost State Grant Federal Tax Credit or Grant Effective Final Cost 11,104 kWH/year 22,208 kWH/year 37,013 kWH/year 55,000+ kWH/year 10 kW system 20 kW system 34 kW system 50+ kW system $90,000 $175,000 $298,000 $35,000 $70,000 $119,000 $30,000 $52,500 $89,400 $25,000 $52,500 $89,600 Third party owned and financed. Power Purchase agreements provide additional funds. • When evaluating costs of systems it is important to take into account incentives including… • • • • • • State Grants Federal Tax Incentives Federal Tax Incentives Grants (process not yet determined) REC sales Other (Accelerated Depreciation) For larger systems: Power Purchase Agreements & Production Tax Credits State incentive • Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Systems All non-residential PV systems are eligible for a grant of $3.50 per watt (DC). The minimum system size is 10 kW (DC) for traditional systems and 50 kW (DC) for third-party systems. The maximum grant award for PV systems is the lesser of 50% of project costs, or $150,000 for traditional systems and $200,000 for third-party systems. Federal incentive • Business Energy Investment Tax Credit Solar. The credit is equal to 30% of expenditures, with no maximum credit. Eligible solar energy property includes equipment that uses solar energy to generate electricity, to heat or cool (or provide hot water for use in) a structure, or to provide solar process heat. Hybrid solar lighting systems, which use solar energy to illuminate the inside of a structure using fiber-optic distributed sunlight, are eligible. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act • Save and create more than 3.5 million jobs over the next two years; • Take a big step toward computerizing Americans’ health records, reducing medical errors, and saving billions in health care costs; • Revive the renewable energy industry and provide the capital over the next three years to eventually double domestic renewable energy capacity; • Undertake the largest weatherization program in history by modernizing 75 percent of federal building space and more than one million homes; • Increase college affordability for seven million students by funding the shortfall in Pell Grants, increasing the maximum award level by $500, and providing a new higher education tax cut to nearly four million students; • As part of the $150 billion investment in new infrastructure, enact the largest increase in funding of our nation’s roads, bridges, and mass transit systems since the creation of the national highway system in the 1950s; • Provide an $800 Making Work Pay tax credit for 129 million working households, and cut taxes for the families of millions of children through an expansion of the Child Tax Credit; • Require unprecedented levels of transparency, oversight, and accountability www.recovery.gov American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Where will the money go? www.recovery.gov American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Where will the money go? www.recovery.gov (June 4, 2009) American Recovery & Reinvestment Act Where will the money go in Ohio? www.recovery.ohio.gov (June 4, 2009) Evergreen Cooperative • Evergreen Laundry ▫ Under Construction ▫ Seeking LEED Silver • Evergreen Solar ▫ In development • Evergreen Greenhouse ▫ In planning • Evergreen Community Newspaper ▫ In planning Evergreen Cooperative • Based on the model of the Mondragón Corp. • In 1941 after the Spanish Civil War Father Jose Maria Arizmendiarrieta began developing co-operative company’s in Mondragon, Spain. • Now the world’s largest worker’s co-operative and Spain’s seventh largest company. • Contains over 150 separate worker owned companies. • Cleveland’s Evergreen Corporation is using the model combined with sustainable development goals • Kent State University’s Ohio Employee Ownership Center is spearheading effort The Greater University Circle Initiative The “Green” Laundry ▫ The new UCI green commercial laundry project is a new development involving several innovative and sustainable principals of the “TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE”. ▫ The idea has been created through a partnership between the Cleveland Foundation and KSU, with the help of other NPO’s. The Greater University Circle Initiative The “Green” Laundry ▫ The laundry will be housed in an old adaptively reused factory. ▫ Seeking LEED Silver. ▫ Run by a locally owned ESOP company, which will hire locally and keep money in the urban neighborhood. ▫ The cleaning process will implement the “Greenest”, most energy efficient laundry process and equipment available. ▫ Estimated opening: Fall 2009 Integrated Design Process Promotes and enables • Clear and continuous communication • Rigorous attention to detail • Active collaboration among all team members High Preformance Building systems • New technologies are constantly coming on the market Soy based Foam Insulated Concrete Forms Aerogel Open Forum and Questions • Is anyone here currently working on any sustainable development projects? • Does anyone believe that they are working directly to improve the triple bottom line here in Cleveland or abroad? • Where is the future and What is the future of Sustainable Development? Thank you How Can You Help Transform Our Economy?
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