Gaston College Site
Presented by Mary Beth Barrett, Jane Blackwood, Elizabeth Harris, Christy Jones
and Penny Pope
Our group prepared different strategies and activities that could be used
to teach reading skills to children with learning disabilities at the
elementary level. We realize that not all children learn phonetically, so
we also included an activity for teaching whole words.
• Introduction -
- Phonemic Awareness - The ability to recognize and manipulate
individual sound units (phonemes) in spoken language: to examine
language independent of meaning, to see relationships between sounds in
words, and to rearrange sounds to create new words. Students who are
phonemically aware should be able to master the following skills in order
to become successful readers: Letter/Sound recognition, Phoneme
Addition/Deletion, Phoneme Segmentation/Phoneme Blending
(Telescoping), and Syllable Counting/Syllable Splitting.
- Whole Words/Sight Words- Memorizing whole words to increase
• Letter/Sound Recognition - Mary Beth Barrett
-The ability to name and recognize the individual sounds of the letters of
- Activity: Letter Boogie
( to the tune to of “Hokey Pokey”)
• Phoneme Isolation- Mary Beth Barrett
-The ability to identify the beginning, middle, and ending sounds in words.
-Example: What is the beginning sound in toe? /t/
What is the middle sound in cat? /a/
What is the ending sound in dog? /g/
- Activity: Name That Sound
Beginning Sound (Tune of “Bingo”)
• Phoneme Addition - Jane Blackwood
- The ability to add a beginning, middle, or ending sound to a word.
-Examples: -What word would you have if you added /b/ to
the beginning of low? blow
-What word would you have if you added /r/ to
the middle of bed? bread
-What word would you have if you added /s/ to
the end of how? house
• Phoneme Deletion - Jane Blackwood
- The ability to omit the beginning, middle, or ending sound from a word.
-Examples: -What word would you have if you took out the /f/
in flake? lake
-What word would you have if you took out the /l/
in play? pay
-What word would you have if you took out the /t/
in meat? me
-Activity- Spelling Volcano
• Phoneme Segmentation- Penny Pope
-The ability to break apart a word into individual sounds.
-Example: Which sounds do you hear in these words?
mud /m/ /u/ /d/
play /p/ /l/ /a/
strike /s/ /t/ /r/ /i/ /k/
• Phoneme Blending(Telescoping)- Penny Pope
-The ability to orally blend individual sounds to form a word.
-Example: What word do you have when you join these
/m/ /a/ /p/ map
/j/ /a/ /k/ jack
/ch/ /ee/ /p/ cheap
/b/ /r/ /o/ /k/ broke
-Activity: Fan Words
• Syllable Counting- Elizabeth Harris
- The ability to identify the number of syllables in spoken words.
-Examples: How many syllables do you hear in these words?
• Syllable Splitting- Elizabeth Harris
-The ability to identify onsets and rimes. An onset is all the sounds in a
word that come before the first vowel. A rime is the first vowel in a word
and al the sounds that follow.
-Examples: What word do you have when you join these
-Activity: Syllable Counting
• Whole Words/Sight Words- Christy Jones
- The ability of memorizing whole words to increase reading fluency.
- Activity: Sight Word Scramble
Sight Word Baseball
Relevant Web sites:
Activities and Teaching/Parenting Tips-
We feel all the activities including in our presentations will impact the
children by improving their basic reading vocabulary each time they do an
activity. Phonemic activities will improve basic skills such as reading
fluency and writing. Sight word activities will increase word recognition
and reading fluency. When teaching any activity involving reading skills,
consistency and repetition are the keys in achieving reading success.
Letter Boogie- Preparation time 15 minutes
Materials- large letters made of poster board
or card stock
tape of instrumental music (optional)
Name That Sound- No materials
Spelling Volcano- Preparation time 15 minutes
Materials- index cards or tag board
printed letters (enough for each student)
Fan Words- Preparation time 10 minutes
Materials- tag board in fan blade shape
chart stand rings
Syllable Counting- No materials needed
Syllable Creature- Preparation time 15 to 20 minutes
Materials- Egg cartons pen or marker
tape or glue Construction Paper
pipe cleaners Words Cards (Split)
Sight Word Scramble- Preparation time 10 minutes
Materials- cut out letters in plastic storage bags
Sight Word Baseball- Preparation time 10 minutes
Materials- Poster with baseball diamond
marker Velcro sight words cards
Jordano, Kimberly and Trisha Callella-Jones. Phonemic
Awareness: Songs & Rhymes. Cypress, CA: Creative Teaching
Burton, Marilee Robin, Beth Alley Wise and Suzanne I. Barchers,
Ed.D. Reading Activities. Lincolnwood, Illinois: Publications
International, Ltd., 2000.
Muncy, Patricia Tyler. Complete Book of Illustrated K-3 Alphabet
Games and Activities. West Nyack, New York: The Center for
Applied Research in Education, Inc., 1980.
Statement of proofing:
We have proofed this paper and corrected all the errors found.
Any remaining errors in spelling; punctuation; or word usage
reflect a potential need for remediation and not carelessness on