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Reading Skills-Elementary SPED 6112 Gaston College Site Presented by Mary Beth Barrett, Jane Blackwood, Elizabeth Harris, Christy Jones and Penny Pope Our group prepared different strategies and activities that could be used to teach reading skills to children with learning disabilities at the elementary level. We realize that not all children learn phonetically, so we also included an activity for teaching whole words. • Introduction - - Phonemic Awareness - The ability to recognize and manipulate individual sound units (phonemes) in spoken language: to examine language independent of meaning, to see relationships between sounds in words, and to rearrange sounds to create new words. Students who are phonemically aware should be able to master the following skills in order to become successful readers: Letter/Sound recognition, Phoneme Addition/Deletion, Phoneme Segmentation/Phoneme Blending (Telescoping), and Syllable Counting/Syllable Splitting. - Whole Words/Sight Words- Memorizing whole words to increase reading fluency. • Letter/Sound Recognition - Mary Beth Barrett -The ability to name and recognize the individual sounds of the letters of the alphabet. - Activity: Letter Boogie ( to the tune to of “Hokey Pokey”) • Phoneme Isolation- Mary Beth Barrett -The ability to identify the beginning, middle, and ending sounds in words. -Example: What is the beginning sound in toe? /t/ What is the middle sound in cat? /a/ What is the ending sound in dog? /g/ - Activity: Name That Sound Beginning Sound (Tune of “Bingo”) • Phoneme Addition - Jane Blackwood - The ability to add a beginning, middle, or ending sound to a word. -Examples: -What word would you have if you added /b/ to the beginning of low? blow -What word would you have if you added /r/ to the middle of bed? bread -What word would you have if you added /s/ to the end of how? house • Phoneme Deletion - Jane Blackwood - The ability to omit the beginning, middle, or ending sound from a word. -Examples: -What word would you have if you took out the /f/ in flake? lake -What word would you have if you took out the /l/ in play? pay -What word would you have if you took out the /t/ in meat? me -Activity- Spelling Volcano • Phoneme Segmentation- Penny Pope -The ability to break apart a word into individual sounds. -Example: Which sounds do you hear in these words? mud /m/ /u/ /d/ play /p/ /l/ /a/ strike /s/ /t/ /r/ /i/ /k/ • Phoneme Blending(Telescoping)- Penny Pope -The ability to orally blend individual sounds to form a word. -Example: What word do you have when you join these sounds together? /m/ /a/ /p/ map /j/ /a/ /k/ jack /ch/ /ee/ /p/ cheap /b/ /r/ /o/ /k/ broke -Activity: Fan Words • Syllable Counting- Elizabeth Harris - The ability to identify the number of syllables in spoken words. -Examples: How many syllables do you hear in these words? Ticket 2 dog 1 bicycle 3 pencil 2 • Syllable Splitting- Elizabeth Harris -The ability to identify onsets and rimes. An onset is all the sounds in a word that come before the first vowel. A rime is the first vowel in a word and al the sounds that follow. -Examples: What word do you have when you join these sounds together? j-ump jump t-an tan cl-imb climb str-eet street -Activity: Syllable Counting Syllable Creature • Whole Words/Sight Words- Christy Jones - The ability of memorizing whole words to increase reading fluency. - Activity: Sight Word Scramble Sight Word Baseball Relevant Web sites: Information links-- http://www.kidsource.com/kidsource/pages/dis.physical.html http://unr.edu/homepage/maddux/splinks.html http://dir.yahoo.com/Education/Special_Education/ Activities and Teaching/Parenting Tips- http://kidbibs.com/home.htm http://readingpath.org/ http://www.toread.com http://www.psy.utexas.edu.psy/klarson/recife.htm www.familyeducation.com Impact: We feel all the activities including in our presentations will impact the children by improving their basic reading vocabulary each time they do an activity. Phonemic activities will improve basic skills such as reading fluency and writing. Sight word activities will increase word recognition and reading fluency. When teaching any activity involving reading skills, consistency and repetition are the keys in achieving reading success. Activity Resources Letter Boogie- Preparation time 15 minutes Materials- large letters made of poster board or card stock tape of instrumental music (optional) Name That Sound- No materials Spelling Volcano- Preparation time 15 minutes Materials- index cards or tag board printed letters (enough for each student) Fan Words- Preparation time 10 minutes Materials- tag board in fan blade shape marker chart stand rings Syllable Counting- No materials needed Syllable Creature- Preparation time 15 to 20 minutes Materials- Egg cartons pen or marker tape or glue Construction Paper pipe cleaners Words Cards (Split) Sight Word Scramble- Preparation time 10 minutes Materials- cut out letters in plastic storage bags Sight Word Baseball- Preparation time 10 minutes Materials- Poster with baseball diamond marker Velcro sight words cards Resource Bibliography Jordano, Kimberly and Trisha Callella-Jones. Phonemic Awareness: Songs & Rhymes. Cypress, CA: Creative Teaching Press, 1998. Burton, Marilee Robin, Beth Alley Wise and Suzanne I. Barchers, Ed.D. Reading Activities. Lincolnwood, Illinois: Publications International, Ltd., 2000. Muncy, Patricia Tyler. Complete Book of Illustrated K-3 Alphabet Games and Activities. West Nyack, New York: The Center for Applied Research in Education, Inc., 1980. Statement of proofing: We have proofed this paper and corrected all the errors found. Any remaining errors in spelling; punctuation; or word usage reflect a potential need for remediation and not carelessness on our part.
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