080929 Althea update 11_EN

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					                                    EUROPEAN UNION
                            EUROPEAN SECURITY AND DEFENCE POLICY

 EU military operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina
           (Operation EUFOR ALTHEA)
                                                                                         Updated: September 2008

Mission background

The military operation ALTHEA in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) was launched on 2 December
2004 and has successfully contributed to the maintenance of the safe and secure environment in
BiH. The decision to launch Operation ALTHEA followed the decision by NATO to conclude its
SFOR-operation and the adoption by the UN Security Council of resolution 1575 authorising the
deployment of an EU force in BiH. In the framework of Operation ALTHEA, the EU deployed 7000
troops, under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, to ensure continued compliance with the Dayton/Paris
Agreement and to contribute to a safe and secure environment in BiH. Operation ALTHEA is
carried out with recourse to NATO assets and capabilities, under the "Berlin Plus" arrangements.

Mandate and objectives                                  MISSION FACTS
                              Theatre: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Following    a    Council  Headquarters: Sarajevo (Camp Butmir)
decision in December       Starting Date: 2 December 2004
2006,     EUFOR      was   Head of Mission: EU Force Commander as of 4 December
successfully reconfigured  2007 is General Ignacio Martin Villalain (Spain), succeeding
                           Rear Admiral Hans-Jochen Witthauer (Germany)
during 2007. The force     Mission strength: 2,500
now numbers some 2500      Mission budget: The common costs of the operation are €
troops on the ground,      71.7 million. The common costs of Operation ALTHEA are paid
backed up by over-the-     through contributions by Member States to a financial
                           mechanism (Athena) based on GDP
horizon         reserves.  Contributing states: 22 EU Member States, Albania, Chile,
EUFOR continues to act     the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Switzerland and
in accordance with its     Turkey
peace        enforcement
mandate under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, as specified in UN Security Council Resolutions
1575 (2004), 1639 (2005), 1722 (2006), which was renewed by the Security Council on 21
November 2007 (Security Council Resolution 1785).

On 19 November 2007, EU ministers reiterated that, as part of the EU's overall engagement in
BiH, the EU would retain a military presence in the country for as long as necessary in order to
continue to contribute to the maintenance of a safe and secure environment.
EUFOR is able to respond rapidly should the security situation require it.

                  PRESS - EU Council Secretariat Tel: +32 (0)2 281 7640 / 6319
                   presse.pesd@consilium.europa.eu http://www.consilium.europa.eu/esdp
The main objectives of Operation ALTHEA are:
   • First and foremost, to maintain a safe and secure environment in BiH and to ensure
      continued compliance with the Dayton/Paris agreement (General Framework Agreement for
   • Also, to support the international community’s High Representative/EU Special
      Representative for BiH, Miroslav Lajčák, and the local authorities.

                                                       EUFOR supports also numerous transfers of authorities
                                                       from the operation to local authorities, such as ;
                                                       countermines activities, control over lower airspace,
                                                       military movement control as well as weapons storage
                                                       sites management.

                                                       EUFOR actively continues to provide support to the
                                                       International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
                                                       (ICTY) in pursuit of persons indicted for war crimes, while
                                                       noting that the responsibility for full cooperation with
                                                       ICTY rests with the BiH authorities. It also contributes to
                                                       defence reform in BiH.

A multinational manoeuvre battalion is based in Sarajevo and EUFOR also retains its presence
throughout the country through the liaison and observation teams (LOTs). The Multinational
manoeuvre battalion, based in Camp Butmir, is made up of troops from Spain, Hungary, Poland
and Turkey.

EUFOR retains its capacity to react
throughout the country to any possible
security challenges.

The Operation Commander is General Sir
John McColl (UK). The EU's Political and
Security Committee exercises the political
control and strategic direction of the
operation, under the responsibility of the
Council of the EU.

The European Union's European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) includes the gradual framing of a common defence policy
which might in time lead to a common defence. The ESDP allows the Union to develop its civilian and military capacities for crisis
management and conflict prevention at international level, thus helping to maintain peace and international security, in accordance
with the United Nations Charter. The ESDP includes a strong conflict prevention component.

More information and background documents available on http://www.consilium.europa.eu/esdp and
www.consilium.europa.eu/eufor-althea and www.euforbih.org

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