The Jamaican Maroons
Follow along with the power-point and fill in the missing
Escaped slaves ___________________________________________in
Jamaica is one of largest __________________________ Islands.
When __________________________arrived at the island in 1494, he
claimed the land for __________________. In ___________, the British
captured Jamaica from the Spanish. When the British captured Jamaica
from the Spanish, the Spanish ran away from the island after freeing their
_____________ and turning their ___________ loose. The Spanish did
not want the British to be able to set up farming on the island easily.
Once they were freed, the slaves became a ________________________
and adopted the name ___________________. They escaped into the
________________________ & _____________________.
The word “Maroon” comes from the word “___________________”
which means runaway slave or savage in Spanish.
The British also brought a lot of slaves to Jamaica via the
______________________. It became the most important slaving colony
of the British Caribbean and was known as
Within _____________ years, virtually the whole island had been divided
up into large plantations. (Mostly ____________ plantations). Slaves
began to escape from their plantations because they refused to accept their
_______________ slave masters. They joined the Maroons in the
wilderness of Jamaica.
The Jamaican Maroons began a very successful _________________
warfare by striking quickly at night, then disappearing. At the same time,
they established an early-warning system - using an __________ (horn) to
warn their villages of attack by the _______________ (British). They
were successful, in retaining their independence by constantly defending
their freedom. Their settlements were small (not more than ____________
strong) but they fought as if they were in greater numbers. For the next 76
years the Maroons and the British fought with each other. The Maroons
knew the forests well and used leaves to disguise themselves. Their
successful attacks gave rise to a saying
`___________________________________’ - because the British had
to always look behind them for a sudden ambush. The British lost many
people to the sharp shooting Maroons.
Many of their hit-and-run attacks became often-told epics. The most
famous tale was about ________________, a warrior queen. Nanny, who
fought the British at the beginning of the 1700s, is often described as an
almost supernatural _______________ warrior Queen who could catch
musket balls and fire them back
She was the spiritual, cultural and military leader of the _______________
Maroons who had a stronghold in the _________Mountains, known as
__________ Town. She was also known as the ‘______________ Queen’.
She was an excellent leader, who was able to keep the British out of the
Blue Mountains by using guerilla warfare. It took the British ________
years to locate Nanny Town. When they tried to attack the town, Nanny and
her followers dumped ______________________ on the troops.
Eventually, the British destroyed the town, killing Nanny, by using canon fire.
She is still considered a national hero today!
In 1729, the British began what was to become known as the
`_______Maroon War'. __________ or Kojo, emerged as leader of the
Maroons. In 1739, a ___________ was signed with the Maroons. Under
its terms, they were to:
In exchange, they were asked to agree not to
but rather to help catch them.
In 1795, ________________________________ Maroons declared
war for a second time against the British. They felt that they were being
badly treated under the terms of the treaty. They felt that the land
allotted to them for farming was ____________ and inadequate. This time
the British were more successful. Using ______________, they flushed
the Maroons from their hiding places, forcing peace.
In order to teach them a lesson, almost ___________ maroons were put
on 3 prison ships and were sent away from Jamaica in 1796. The ships were
named ______________, _________________, __________________.
The British thought about sending them to Upper Canada, but eventually
decided on Nova Scotia. They were held in Halifax Harbour until they were
released to work in __________Fort in Halifax. One of the walls in the
fort is named __________________.
Accommodations were first made in the center of Halifax, but were
later located to land in ________________, which was left vacant by the
Black Loyalists. Maroon Hall was built for them here. Eventually, they were
split into 2 communities: Preston and the other a farming community of
Boydville located in the area known as ___________________ (now Middle
In 1798, the Maroons became dissatisfied with life in Nova Scotia. They
attempted to farm. However, like the previous occupants of the poor, rocky
land at Preston, they had little success. They found farming in Nova Scotia
difficult, especially as the climate prevented the growing of familiar food
crops such as pineapples, bananas, yams, and cocoa. Lieutenant Governor
________________________ attempted to change the Maroons’ culture
by introducing them to Christianity. However, the Maroons were not
interested in changing their traditions and customs regarding marriage,
funerals and religious beliefs. They also found it difficult to get jobs
because they refused to work for ________________ than a white person
would receive. This caused financial disputes with the government. They
also did not enjoy the climate and were _______________.
They requested permission to leave and the Sierra Leone Company
came in ____________ to take them to _________________________.