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					                                                                   Michelle T

                                                              Ms. Blanchard

                                                                       5/17/10

           Teen Bipolar Depression

                     BY: Michelle T.




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                 Table of Contents

Introduction                         Page 1-2


What is Bipolar Disorder?            Page 3-7


What are the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder? Page
8-10

How is Bipolar Disorder Treated?     Page 11-15

Doing Activity                       Page

Conclusion                           Page 16-18
                              http://www.teen-depression.net/images/teen.jpg



                  Teen Bipolar Disorder

       Teen depression is very common and it could happen to
just about anyone, especially teens who are stressing over
puberty, school, relationships, and friends. Pressure given to
them by everyone around them is also a big stress ball. Many
people think that when teens are having their tantrums and
unusual behavior, that their just going through puberty, but
many times puberty is not the answer. You may think that young
kids like us wouldn’t have as much stress and pressure like you
adults do but in reality we do and sometimes it could be
worse. You may not know it, but 1 out of 8 teens might be
affected by depression, and 4 out of 100 teens might be seriously
depressed every year. Depression comes in many types and
levels but the one I’m going to talk about is Bipolar Disorder.
Bipolar Disorder is a very serious brain illness and should be
treated immediately, but not everybody knows what it is and
what it could do. I want to do my essay on this topic because I
want people to know what depression is and how it looks like. I
will learn by researching and hopefully interviewing someone. I,
myself, want to learn what it is so it’s a win, win. You would
know more about the topic and I would learn about the topic.
                  What is Bipolar Disorder?

       Bipolar Disorder also known as manic-depressive illness,
is generally known as a brain disorder which causes serious and
unusual mood swings that causes a change in the person’s life,
from their behavior to their everyday lives. Bipolar Disorder is a
serious mental illness that can damage relationships, careers, and
if it gets too serious it could lead to suicidal thoughts and
attempts. Bipolar Disorder usually develops in people who are in
their late teens or early adult years but some people experience
the first signs of this depression during their childhood. Bipolar
Disorder is classified into 4 main categories; Bipolar 1 Disorder,
Bipolar 2 Disorder and Cyclothymia, Bipolar Not-Otherwise -
Specified (NOS)



       Bipolar 1 Disorder also known as Bipolar 1 and Bipolar
Type 1 is one the most severe forms of mental illness and
consist of major manic, mixed manic and depressive episodes.
During these episodes, either manic, mixed manic or depressive,
the person can become delusional and have hallucinations.
Usually a person with Bipolar 1 experiences more manic
episodes than depressive episodes and sometimes there is no
sign of depressive symptoms between the periods of these
episodes. Most of the time, these episodes last at least one week
to as long as 6 months and they can really interfere with the
person’s everyday lives. These episodes usually occur five years
after the first, and once the second one comes the other episodes
come more frequently and more severe. Sometimes the person’s
behavior becomes so severe that they are confined, if
hospitalized.



        Bipolar 2 Disorder also known as Bipolar 2 and Bipolar
type 2 is similar to Bipolar 1 Disorder but the person would
experience depressive episodes and a less severe form of manic
episodes known as hypomania. Bipolar 2 is less severe than
Bipolar 1, and it has mainly depressive episodes and if a
hypomania episode does occur it usually lasts for four days.
Unlike people with Bipolar 1, people with Bipolar 2 will not
become delusional, have hallucinations and will not be
hospitalized. Even though Bipolar 2 is less severe than Bipolar 1
it is harder to treat. People, who are in their hypomania stage,
may seem like just any normal person who is high-sprung and
have very high-energy. But over time this feeling changes along
with their self-esteem, high moods, racing thoughts into sadness,
withdrawal from the people around them, low energy and
thoughts of suicides.

      Cyclothymic Disorder also known as Cyclothymia is a
chronic Bipolar Disorder that consists of mild depression and
hypomania, which lasts for at least two years. This depression is
categorized as a Bipolar Disorder but its symptoms are way
milder than the ones of Bipolar 1 and Bipolar 2. A person with
Cyclothymia will have depression and hypomania episodes but
they would not be as severe as the episodes of depression and
manic/hypomania episodes in people with Bipolar 1 or Bipolar
2, and symptoms are never gone more than two months at a
time. People with this depression will go through periods of
normal behavior and be themselves, and even when they’re
going through their episodes, they don’t look like someone with
depression because it just seems like someone who’s going
through their ups and downs. When the person is going through
their hypomania episodes, it just looks like someone who’s
happy and upbeat, but when their going through their depressive
episodes they start to lose their interest in things they liked, lack
energy and start to with drawl from work, family and friends,
but normally the thoughts of suicide and death are not present
and they would not become delusional or have hallucinations. If
this is not treated, the person might go through a flow-blown
manic episode or have a severe depression episode which then
would turn into Bipolar 2 or if it’s really severe it could turn into
Bipolar 1.



       Bipolar Not-Otherwise-Specified, also known as Bipolar
NOS is another type of Bipolar Disorder. People with this form
of illness usually have depression that cannot be categorized into
the other three categories. A person who has this depression may
experience fasts changes between Manic and Depressive
episodes and they may have mania or hypomania without
depressive episodes. Schizophrenia another type of disorder may
occur with Bipolar NOS which will cause the person to
experience ongoing hallucinations and delusions and according
to "Bipolar Disorder", the person will lose touch with reality.
        Bipolar 1, 2, and Cyclothymia are all different types and
levels of Bipolar Disorder, but with all of the differences, there
is also something similar in all of these depressions; they are all
types of Bipolar Disorder and many of the symptoms are also
similar. A person with Bipolar Disorder usually goes through
manic, hypomania, and depressive episodes which are found in
Bipolar 1, 2 and Cyclothymia. But there are also differences too.
People with Bipolar 1 usually go through manic episodes more
than depressive episodes and people with Bipolar 2 goes through
hypomania episodes, which is a milder version of manic
episodes, and usually they go through more depressive episodes.
Cyclothymia is a milder version of both Bipolar 1 and 2 and it
consists of hypomania and depressive episodes that lasts
anywhere from a month to a year at a time, but normal behavior
is also present but does not last longer than two months. Even
though Cyclothymia is a very mild version of Bipolar 1 and 2 it
can become Bipolar 1 or 2 if not treat or taken seriously. People
who have Bipolar 1 may experience delusions and hallucinates
while people who have Bipolar 2 and Cyclothymia will most
likely not experience it. Even though these stages seem mild, it
can grow into something that is way too much to take in. If a
person that has depression isn’t supervised or helped, they might
do things that are unbelievable but they might not realize it and
if you don’t help them, it would be too late to regret.
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        What are the symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?

       The symptoms of Bipolar Disorder like the classification
of it, is separated into three types; Manic, Hypomania, and
Depressive. They are separated into these types because in the
different stages of Bipolar Disorder the person experience a
different kind of episode and in each one, there are different
symptoms that you could see and notice right away.

        Manic Symptoms also known as manic episodes occur in
people with Bipolar 1. When a person goes through these types
of episodes, they go through changes in their moods, usually
happy to silly, irritable or angry, agitated or aggressive. They
would have a very unusual high self-esteem like someone who
thinks they can jump off a roof without getting hurt, usually the
person is so full of energy that they would stay up or don’t sleep
for days without feeling a bit tired and their mind races so fast
that they talk nonstop or keeps talking at a really fast pace, and it
seems like the person can’t be interrupted. The person’s
attention also changes really fast and they can never pay
attention to just one thing, and they might risk doing risky
things, and the thought of sex comes into their thoughts and
speeches more often than normal. Manic episodes might not
seem harmful and dangerous, because the person is happy and
they don’t think about suicide or death, but this episode can be
dangerous. The person’s thoughts are not normal and their self-
esteem is so high that they think they’re superman and they
might not be thinking straight, so maybe what you think is
dangerous they might think is fun because they could do
“anything”.

       Hypomania is another category of Bipolar Disorder and it
occurs in people with Bipolar 2 and Cyclothymia. The
symptoms of Hypomania are close to the symptoms of manic
symptoms, but milder. Usually a person that’s going through
these episodes doesn’t really stand out because they seem like
any normal person that’s going through their good times or a
person who’s in a better mood. They are usually more upbeat,
talkative, and productive and a person that’s going through this
episode might believe that nothing’s wrong with them and the
people around them might not realize that either, so it’s usually
harder to help treat people who have these episodes because they
think there’s nothing wrong with them. A person who’s going
through these episodes usually doesn’t realize that there’s
something wrong with them until they experience a full-blown
manic episode.

       Depressive symptoms are also another classification of the
symptoms of Bipolar Disorder and it occurs in Bipolar 1, 2 and
Cyclothymia. A person that’s going through this episode may be
sad, have uncontrollable and unreasonable crying, and feel
helpless or worthless. The person may lose interest in the
activities that they once loved and have a big change in their diet
or sleeping patterns; overeating, or oversleeping. The person
may also complain about frequent physical pain, but when
checked out by a doctor there’s nothing wrong. Depending on
what stage of Bipolar the person’s in, they may have thoughts of
death and suicide. Usually only people who have Bipolar 1
thinks about death and suicides, but people who have Bipolar 2
may also have those thoughts, and people who have
Cyclothymia can experience a major depressive episode and
have the thoughts also. It is very important that if you know
someone who has those thoughts, to call 911 or tell someone
immediately. These episodes can last anywhere from 2 weeks to
4-5 months, so it is very serious.

       Manic, Hypomania and Depressive symptoms are all
symptoms that you could use to see if someone has Bipolar
Disorder. Even though some of these symptoms are hard to spot,
a person that goes through major mood swings; happy and
upbeat for a month and sad and boring the other month usually
is going through some kind of change, because it’s like two
different people, so if you think someone you know has these
symptoms you should seek professional help immediately. Even
if the person isn’t going through depression, a quick check up
with a doctor wouldn’t hurt.
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      How is Bipolar Disorder developed and treated?

       Bipolar Disorder is usually a life long illness and anyone,
no matter what gender, race, economic status, or age can be
affected by it. The development of Bipolar Disorder isn’t always
clear but a person with Bipolar Disorder may develop it from
genetic traits from parents or ancestors, abnormal brain
structures, and Anxiety Disorder. Medication, Therapy and
Natural Habits can help reduce the episodes or make them less
severe.

      One way of treating Bipolar Disorder is by medication.
People who take medication often have to try and take many
different amounts or types of medication before they know how
much and what kind of medication helps them the most. Once
the person starts taking the medication it is very important that
they keep taking them on time, on day to day bases and don’t
stop taking them until instructed by their doctor. Medication can
help confine the manic and depression episodes and keep it
under control and make it less severe but it would not stop it and
cure it completely. It is important to have someone to watch
over the person while they start taking medication, or when they
start new pills, because a child who’s taking pills needs close
supervision. Usually though, medication is not used alone. Many
people take medication regularly, have regular checkups and
have regular therapy sessions. It is very important to keep with
regular routines because a little change can change a lot. But
never try to take too many pills or take them in combinations
because even though the pills can help, there may be side
effects. Go with the expression, “Start Low, Go Slow.”
      Therapy also known as psychotherapy is another way to
help treat Bipolar Disorder. Talking to someone about how you
feel can help you organize how you feel and really express it.
Therapy can help teens and kids change their behavior and help
them understand themselves, and talking to someone you trust
can help make you happy as well as giving you time for yourself
to express, tell, and get advice. Sometimes a professional is not
as a family or friend. It’s important for family and friends to talk
and support the person with Bipolar Disorder because maybe all
the person needs is a little more attention and support.

      Natural Habits which isn’t really a medication, but a
routine of diet and exercises can also help a person with Bipolar
Disorder. A regular routine of sleeping hours and diet can help
reduce the episodes and reoccurrence of the symptoms of the
episodes. Keeping a healthy diet and drinking and eating foods
with amino acid can help fight depression and it can help you
build a stronger body. Setting regular sleeping patterns and
keeping them are important. Avoid any changes if possible and
just stick with the routine because the smallest changes can
cause the biggest differences.

     Keeping a regular exercising pattern is also a big help in
helping kids with Bipolar Disorder. Exercising can help express
and reduce anger and stress. Activities like jump roping,
jogging, dancing, boxing, and karate are great ways to exercise
because this activities takes training and practicing, and many of
them takes time to grow and become a skill; it’s like the stages
to becoming better from Bipolar Disorder. Each step, each
change you make, everything that you do can help fight Bipolar
Disorder. Exercising isn’t really that hard and anyways these
activities can be done in pairs or groups so it can be a family
exercise or activity, so it’s easier for the person and the family
because they can work together and fight this illness.
      Bipolar Depression is a serious depression. It has 3 main
stages; Bipolar 1, Bipolar 2 and Cyclothymia. Bipolar 1 being
the most severe and containing mainly manic episodes, Bipolar
2 being a bit milder and containing mainly depressive episodes,
and Cyclothymia being the mildest stage and containing
hypomania and depressive episodes and some time of normal
behavior. Even though Bipolar Disorder is a lifelong illness and
currently has no real cure, treatments like medication, therapy
and natural habits can help reduce the episodes and help control
the person’s emotions. Depression cannot be fought a lone, it
takes love, encouragement and support from family and friends.
Like when you join a team you train and practice to become
better at it, fighting this illness is the same concept; the more
you try, the harder you try, the more it grows, the more it grows
the better and easier it is for you. The more you do to confine
this illness the easier it is for you to live your life and put this
depression behind you.
Bibliography: A reference to a specific source is made by
“See source #”

1.
http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/facts_for_families/bipolar_disorder_in_childre
n_and_teens 5/4/10

2. http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/mental_health/depression.html
5/7/10 (teens)

3. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/bipolar-disorder/what-is-
bipolar-disorder.shtml

(What is Bipolar Disorder?)

4. http://www.psychologyinfo.com/depression/bipolar.htm 5/11/10

(About Bipolar Disorder)

5. http://www.mentalhealth.com/dis/p20-md02.html Bipolar 1

     5/11/10

6. http://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/what-is-bipolar-disorder

 5/11/10

7. http://bipolar.about.com/od/cyclothymia/Cyclothymia.htm 5/11/10

8. http://www.bipolar-disorder-today.com/bipolar-type-2.html 5/11/10

9.
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cyclothymia/ds00729/dsection=symptoms 5/12/
10
10.
http://www.4therapy.com/consumer/conditions/item.php?uniqueid=4229&c
ategoryid=91 5/12/10

11. http://www.mcmanweb.com/cyclothymia.html 5/12/10

12. http://www.webmd.com/bipolar-disorder/treatments-bipolar-disorder
5/17/10

13. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/bipolar-disorder-in-children-
and-teens-easy-to-read/index.shtml#How-is-bipolar-disorder-treated?
5/17/10

14. http://www.ehow.com/how_2088527_treat-bipolar-disorder-
naturally.html 5/18/10

15. Peacock, Judith. Bipolar Disorder. Capstone Press 2000

16. Peacock, Judith. Depression.Capstone Press 2000

				
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